The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its main rival, the Democratic Party. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which allowed for the potential expansion of slavery into certain U. S. territories. The party supported classical liberalism, opposed the expansion of slavery, supported economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president. Under the leadership of Lincoln and a Republican Congress, slavery was banned in the United States in 1865; the Party was dominant during the Third Party System and the Fourth Party System. After 1912, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right. Following the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics; the party's 21st-century base of support includes people living in rural areas, people without college degrees, the elderly, white Americans, evangelical Christians.
The 21st-century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which incorporates both economic policies and social values. The GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, restrictions on immigration, increased military spending, gun rights, restrictions on abortion and restrictions on labor unions. After the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party opposed abortion in its party platform and grew its support among evangelicals; the GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs at its founding, but grew more supportive of free trade in the 20th century, although tariffs experienced a resurgence in the 21st century. There have been the most from any one political party; as of 2020, the GOP controls the presidency, a majority in the U. S. Senate, a majority of state governorships, a majority of state legislatures, 21 state government trifectas. Five of the nine sitting U. S. Supreme Court justices were nominated by Republican presidents; the Republican Party was founded in the Northern states in 1854 by forces opposed to the expansion of slavery, ex-Whigs, ex-Free Soilers.
The Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Republicans called for social modernization. They denounced the expansion of slavery as a great evil, but did not call for ending it in the Southern states; the first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was proposed, was held on March 20, 1854 in Ripon, Wisconsin. The name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party; the first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C. Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states.
The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who believed that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency in 1872 on the Liberal Republican Party line; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883; the Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii.
The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition. As the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth; the GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932. McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Panic of 1893 and that Republicans would guarantee a sor
Myloplus is a genus of freshwater fish in the family Serrasalmidae found in tropical and subtropical South America, where they inhabit rivers and streams. They are herbivores, but take some animal matter. Depending on the exact species, they reach up to 16–56 cm in standard length. Adult males have a double-lobed anal fin and filamentous extensions on the dorsal fin, both sexes can be brightly colored when breeding. There are 14 recognized species in this genus. Many of these were included in Myleus. Myloplus arnoldi C. G. E. Ahl, 1936 Myloplus asterias Myloplus levis Myloplus lobatus Myloplus lucienae M. C. Andrade, Bastos & Jégu, 2016 Myloplus planquettei Jégu, Keith & Le Bail, 2003 Myloplus rhomboidalis Myloplus rubripinnis Myloplus schomburgkii Myloplus ternetzi Myloplus tiete Myloplus torquatus Myloplus tumukumak Andrade, Jégu & Gama, 2018 Myloplus zorroi M. C. Andrade, Jégu & Giarrizzo, 2016
Blazing the Crop was the first DJ mix album, mixed by Rae & Christian. It was released by Mixmag Live in association with their publishing company DMC Publishing in 1999 in the UK. An unmixed vinyl version was released. In the United States, the CD was released by Mixmag's American sister company Mixer via Moonshine Music label in 2000, it was re-released in 2002 by the Razor & Tie label for, under the alternative title Mixer Presents: Rewind by Rae & Christian, with a different sleeve. On their second studio album, the opening track was entitled "Blazing the Crop"; this track was included on the 2002 Ministry of Sound compilation album, "Ultimate Chillout". "Play On" - Rae & Christian "Funky for You" - Deadbeats "Planetary Deadlock" - Beanfield "S and M on the Rocks" - Swollen Members "Can't Stop" - Constant Deviants / "Crazy Rhymin" - Only Child "Me and Him" - Porn Theatre Ushers / "Ain't Got Time to Waste" - Aim "All My People" - Mos Def / "Ain't Got Time to Waste" - Aim "Just Passin' Through" - Aim "For Claudia" - Face & Feline "Spandex Man" - Mr Scruff "Time to Shine" - Rae & Christian "People" - Riton "Rock" - DJ Spinna "My Part of Town" - Tuff Crew "Get a Move On" - Mr Scruff "Bacalau" - Rae & Christian "Young and Holtful" - Young-Holt Unlimited "Bacalau" - Rae & Christian "My Part Of Town" - Tuff Crew "Spandex Man" - Mr Scruff "Time To Shine" - Rae & Christian "S & M On The Rocks" - Swollen Members "Funky For You" - Deadbeats "People" - Riton "All My People" - Rawkus "For Claudia" - Face & Feline "Planetary Deadlock" - Beanfield "Get A Move On" - Mr Scruff "Young & Holtful" - Young Holt Unlimited Blazing the Crop at Discogs Mixmag Live: Blazing the Crop at MusicBrainz