A rerun or repeat is a rebroadcast of an episode of a radio or television program. There are two types of reruns – those that occur during a hiatus, those that occur when a program is syndicated. Reruns can be, as the case with more popular shows, when a show is aired outside its timeslot. In the United Kingdom, the word "repeat" refers only to a single episode. A "repeat" is a single episode of a series, broadcast outside its original timeslot on the same channel/network; the episode is the "repeat" of the scheduled episode, broadcast in the original timeslot earlier the previous week. It allows viewers who weren't able to watch the show in its timeslot to catch up before the next episode is broadcast; the term "rerun" can be used in some respects as a synonym for reprint, the equivalent term for print items. In South Africa, reruns of the daily soap opera 7de Laan, others, are called an Omnibus; the Omnibus is a weekly rerun, broadcast on a Sunday afternoon on the original channel/network. It only broadcasts the past week's episodes back to back.
When used to refer to the rebroadcast of a single episode, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz are credited as the inventors of the rerun. Prior to I Love Lucy rerunning its episodes during the summer, shows went on a summer hiatus and were replaced with summer replacements lower-priority programs. Rod Serling's 1955 teleplay Patterns was credited with proving reruns' viability. In the United States, most television shows from the late 1940s and early 1950s were performed live, in many cases they were never recorded. However, television networks in the United States began making kinescope recordings of shows broadcast live from the East Coast; this allowed the show to be broadcast for the West Coast. These kinescopes, along with pre-filmed shows, videotape, paved the way for extensive reruns of syndicated television series. In the United States running shows will rerun older episodes from the same season to fill the time slot with the same program during the "off-season" period when no new episodes are being made.
Shows will tend to start rerunning episodes after the November sweeps period. And show only reruns from mid-December until mid-January or February sweeps This winter phase is used to try out new shows that did not make it onto the fall schedule to see how they fare with the public; these series run six to 13 episodes. If they do well with the public, they may get a renewal for a half or full season in the new schedule. Shows that are popular will return from February sweeps until the end of the season with only limited reruns used; the number of episodes per season well over 30 episodes during the 1950s and 1960s, dropped below 26 in the 1970s. Specials pad out the remainder of the schedule. If a television special such as Peter Pan or a network television broadcast of a classic film like The Wizard of Oz is well-received, it will be rerun from time to time. Before the VCR era, this would be the only opportunity audiences had of seeing a program more than once. Seasonal programming such as How the Grinch Stole Christmas, The Ten Commandments, It's A Wonderful Life or the Charlie Brown television specials are re-shown each year, in the appropriate timeframe.
A television program goes into syndication. The buyer is either a cable channel or an owner of local television stations. Programs are not profitable until they are sold for syndication. Since local television stations need to sell more commercial airtime than network affiliates, syndicated shows are edited to make room for extra commercials. About 100 episodes are required for a weekly series to be rerun in daily syndication. Popular series running more than four seasons may start daily reruns of the first seasons, while production and airings continue of the current season's episodes. Few people anticipated the long life that a popular television series would see in syndication, so most performers signed contracts that limited residual payments to about six repeats. After that, the actors received nothing and the production company would keep 100% of any income until the copyright expired.
State Route 221 is state highway located in Penobscot County in central Maine. It begins at State Route 15 in Bangor and runs north to Bradford, where it ends at State Route 11 and State Route 155. SR 221 begins at SR 15 at the northern end of Bangor, it heads north, near Pushaw Lake but not along it. Entering Hudson, SR 221 intersects SR 43; the two routes have a 2.3-mile-long concurrency before SR 43 branches off to the east. SR 221 continues in its northward direction. SR 221 terminates at a four-way intersection in the town center, the western terminus of SR 155; the road continues north as SR 11 towards Milo. SR 11 southbound runs to the west and SR 155 begins to the east. SR 221 was first designated in 1931 over new routing between SR 105 in Bangor and Brownville Junction, where it most dead-ended in the village; when the roadway was extended northeast to Millinocket, SR 11 was moved onto it and SR 221 was truncated to terminate at SR 11 in Bradford. In 1980, SR 11 was rerouted to the south to bypass Charleston on West Road north along SR 221 to resume its existing alignment.
The old alignment through Charleston became SR 11A. The northern terminus of SR 221 was not moved, resulting in a concurrency between SR 11 and SR 221 that existed until at least 2007.. By 2011, new signage had been installed indicating that SR 221 was truncated to the intersection of West Road and East Road, eliminating the concurrency with SR 11; the entire route is in Penobscot County. U. S. Roads portal Floodgap Roadgap's RoadsAroundME: Maine State Route 221
York Hospital is a National Health Service teaching hospital in York, England. It is managed by the York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, an NHS foundation trust which runs several other hospitals in North Yorkshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire; the present facility on Wigginton Road, which replaced numerous other facilities, including Acomb Hospital, Deighton Grove Hospital, Fulford Hospital, the Military Hospital, Yearsley Bridge Hospital, York City Hospital and York County Hospital, was designed by Llewelyn-Davies, Forestier-Walker and Bor and built and equipped at a cost of £12.5 million between 1971 and 1976. It was opened by Princess Alexandra on 28 July 1977. There is an urgent care centre at York Hospital, open every day. Hospedia gives patients and staff music through the day and night, it provides some specialist shows, including live commentary from nearby York City Football Club. List of hospitals in England Official website NHS Choices
Otto I, called Otto of Worms, a member of the Salian dynasty, was Duke of Carinthia from 978 to 985 and again from 1002 until his death. Otto was the only son of Conrad the Red, Duke of Lotharingia, Liutgarde of Saxony, daughter of Emperor Otto I, his mother died three years after he was born and Otto lived much of his early life in his grandfather's court till his death in 973. His maternal uncle, Otto II, ascended the Imperial throne. Otto of Worms is first documented as a count in the Nahegau about 956, he held the Speyergau and Wormsgau, as well as several other counties in the area. In 978, his uncle Emperor Otto II appointed him Carinthian duke and Margrave of Verona, after his Luitpolding predecessor Henry the Younger had unsuccessfully rebelled against the Imperial authority during the War of the Three Henries and was deposed. In 985 however, Emperor Otto's widow Theophanu, in order to gain support for the succession of her minor son Otto III, restored Carinthia to the Luitpoldings, Otto again lost his duchy.
He could at least retain the ducal title as "Duke of Worms", received the Kaiserpfalz of Lautern and seized large estates of Wissembourg Abbey in compensation. Upon the death of Duke Henry II of Bavaria in 995, Otto received the Duchy of Carinthia and the March of Verona back; when Emperor Otto III had died in 1002, Otto of Worms and Henry IV of Bavaria were candidates for the election as King of the Romans. He was forced to cede his Rhenish possessions to his long-time rival Bishop Burchard of Worms. Otto died two years he was succeeded as Carinthian duke by his son, Conrad. Otto married Judith a granddaughter of Duke Arnulf the Bad of Bavaria, they had the following known children: Henry of Speyer, Count in the Wormsgau Bruno elected pope and took the name Gregory V from 996 Conrad I, Duke of Carinthia William, Bishop of Strasbourg Brooke, Christopher. Europe in the Central Middle Ages: 962-1154. Routledge. Gwatkin, Henry Melvill; the Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. 3. The Macmillan Company. Jackman, Donald C..
The Kleeberg Fragment of the Gleiberg County. Editions Enlaplage. Jeep, John M. ed.. Medieval Germany: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. Reuter, Timothy. Germany in the Early Middle Ages C. 800-1056. Routledge. Wilson, Peter H.. Heart of Europe: A History of the Holy Roman Empire. Harvard University Press
Henryk Klata is a Polish economist and member of the first term of the Polish Parliament. During the years of Polish People's Republic, Klata was a member of the National Democratic League, one of the first opposition organisations. On 7 May 1960, he was arrested along with other young individuals, on 29 May 1961 he was sentenced to 10 months in prison. In 1978, he finished his studies in the Department of Planning and Statistics, Main School of Planning and Statistics in Warsaw, he worked as an accountant. In 1991, he was elected to be a member of the First Term of the Polish Parliament, he was chosen in the Ostroleka region from the list of the "Wyborcza Akcja Katolicka". He was a member of the Parliamentary Club of the Zjednoczenie Chrześcijańsko-Narodowe, he sat in the Committee on Local Government and the Special Committee to consider laws amending the Law on Co-Operatives, allowing privatisation of national or nationalised companies in the post-communist country. He was a member of seven sub-committees.
He did not seek a second term in parliament. After leaving the parliament he was still associated with the government, he was a Councillor until 1998 of the Bielany district in Warsaw, he did not engage in politics. In 2010 he supported Marek Jurek as a candidate for the presidential elections in Poland and became part of his social support committee. Strona sejmowa posła I kadencji
The Alpine Way is a 121-kilometre rural road located in the Snowy Mountains region of New South Wales, Australia. The road connects Jindabyne in the east to the New South Wales / Victorian border in the west, crossing the Murray River, near Bringenbrong / Upper Towong; the route does not carry an official shield designation. The eastern terminus of the Alpine Way is at a "T" intersection with Kosciuszko Rd, 3 kilometres west of Jindabyne on the eastern side of the Snowy Mountains; the road winds its way west to adjacent the Thredbo River, before heading south-west past Thredbo and climbing & crossing the crest of the Great Dividing Range at Dead Horse Gap at an altitude of 1,580 metres a winding descent to & crossing Snowy Creek @ 580 metres near the Murray River / Victorian Border. Thereafter, it continues around the western side of the range heading north along the upper reaches of the Murray River Tributaries, past the Geehi River & Swampy Plain River Junction to Khancoban, before crossing the Murray and reaching its western terminus and connecting with the Murray Valley Highway on the river's southern bank, within Victoria.
The highway was built in the 1950s as part of the access for the Snowy Mountains Scheme. However, the paving of it was only completed forty years in the 1990s; the majority of the road is contained within the Kosciuszko National Park and since 2004 has been maintained by Roads & Maritime Services. The road has no major intersections. Road restrictions in the region require all two-wheel drive vehicles carry snow chains between Thredbo and Tom Groggin from the long weekends marking the Queen's Official Birthday in June and the Labour Day in October, it is quite possible that snow chains may be needed to drive safely along other parts of Alpine Way. List of highways in New South Wales 1997 Thredbo landslide Barry Way Travel the Alpine Way Snowies great drive