In legal terminology, a rescript is a document, issued not on the initiative of the author, but in response to a specific demand made by its addressee. It does not apply to more general legislation; the word originated from the Roman imperial court, which issued rescripts, in many cases prompted by its many governors and other officials. Some important early legal collections were composed of rescripts, for instance the Codex Hermogenianus, published around AD 300; the other main field of application is the papal Roman Curia, which adopted many Roman administrative terms and practices. Rescripts may take various forms, from a formal document of an established type, such as a Papal Bull, to the forwarding of the demand with a simple mention by way of decision, something like "rejected" or "awarded", either to the party concerned or to the competent executive office to be carried out. By analogy it is applied to similar procedures in other contexts, such as the Ottoman and Japanese imperial courts, or prior to the Roman empire.
Two well-known examples of Japanese Imperial rescripts were Emperor Hirohito's 1945 Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War written in response to the Potsdam Declaration and his 1946 Humanity Declaration written in response to a request by General Douglas MacArthur. Papal rescripts concern the granting of the administration of justice under canon law. In Roman Catholicism rescripts are responses in writing by the pope or a Congregation of the Roman Curia to queries or petitions of individuals. In France, people have the possibility to ask an administration for a rescrit, which means that they will present to the competent administration a circumstanced particular case, obtain a formal answer by the administration explaining how the law will be applied to the submitted particular case; the rescript is binding for the administration, may be used before a court of law to exonerate the person who asked for the rescript in case of prosecution. In English common law such a hypothetical process is not allowed, cases must be determined on fact.
The Massachusetts appellate courts issue rescripts to the lower courts. These are the equivalent of mandates in federal appellate practice. Imperial Rescript on Education Imperial Rescript to Soldiers and Sailors Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War Declaratory Rescript of the Illyrian Nation
"The Anthem" is the second single released by Pitbull off his 2007 album The Boatlift. It features crunk rapper Lil Jon; the intro line, as well as the song's main hook, is taken from a 1970s old Latin hit "El Africano" by Sonora Dinamita. It samples the song "Calabria 2007" by Danish producer DJ Rune Reilly Kølsch known as Enur; the official remix is entitled "Defense". The remix can be found on Machel Montano's album Flame on; this song is notable because its primary beat is played by a synthesized saxophone, which covers a simple minor triad. The music video for the song was shot in Trinidad and Tobago and Atlanta and became a dedication to Natasja Saad. E-40 make cameo
The 2017 Colombian Women's Football League season was the first season of Colombia's top-flight women's football league. The season started on 17 February and concluded on 24 June 2017; the two-legged final was played between Santa Fe. Santa Fe were the champions after beating Atlético Huila 2–1 in the first leg and 1–0 in the second leg for a 3–1 win on aggregate score, qualified for the 2017 Copa Libertadores Femenina; the 18 teams competed in three round-robin regional hexagonals. The top two teams in each hexagonal along with the two best third-placed teams moved on to the quarterfinals, with the winners advancing to the semifinals; the winners of each semifinal played the finals, which determined the first champions of the Women's League. All rounds in the knockout stage were played on a home-and-away basis. 18 teams took part in the competition. The teams are affiliated with DIMAYOR affiliate clubs. A: Played home games at El Carmen de Bolívar.b: Played home games at Zipaquirá.c: Played home games at Cali.
The First stage consisted of three round-robin hexagonals. The two best teams among those ranked third qualified for the knockout stage. Source: Futbolred Colombian Women's Football League Season at soccerway.com Dimayor's official website
The Vicinage Clause is a provision in the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution regulating the vicinity from which a jury pool may be selected. The clause says that the accused shall be entitled to an "impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been ascertained by law"; the Vicinage Clause limits the vicinity of criminal jury selection to both the state and the federal judicial district where the crime has been committed. This is distinct from the venue provision of Article Three of the United States Constitution, which regulates the location of the actual trial; the Vicinage clause has its roots in medieval English criminal procedure, the perceived abuses of criminal vicinage and venue during the colonial period and Anti-federalist objections to the United States Constitution. The clause is one of the few constitutional criminal procedure provisions that has not been incorporated to apply to proceedings in state courts, the other examples being the Grand Jury Clause of the Fifth Amendment and the Excessive Bail Clause of the Eighth Amendment.
The Clause has led to little litigation, in part because of its overlap with the venue provision of Article Three and Rule 18 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. Further, with the exception of the Court for the District of Wyoming, whose district includes the portions of Yellowstone National Park in Idaho and Montana, no federal judicial district includes the territory of two or more states; the Oxford English Dictionary defines "vicinage" as "A number of places lying near to each other taken collectively. The OED cites Thomas Fuller's Church History: "King Ethelred... began the tryal of Causes by a Jury of twelve men to be chosen out of the Vicenage." According to Blackstone, in medieval England, the "vicinage of the jury" referred to a jury drawn from the relevant county. A 1543 statute of Henry VIII of England permits treason committed outside the "realm" to be tried "before such commissioners, in such shire of the realm, as shall be assigned by the King's majesty's commission." Parliament renewed the statute in 1769.
This law was used to try colonists accused of treason in England. A 1772 statute of George III of the United Kingdom permits destruction of dockyards, ships and supplies committed outside the "realm" to be tried in any "shire or county within this realm." A 1772 statute permitted capital crimes committed in Massachusetts to be tried in England or a neighboring province if "an indifferent trial cannot be had within" Massachusetts. The Virginia House of Burgesses condemned the renewal of the treason law on May 16, 1769 in the Virginia Resolves: ll Trials for Treason, Misprison for Treason, for any Felony or Crime whatsoever and done in this his Majesty's said Colony and Dominion, by any Person or Persons residing therein, ought of right to be had, conducted in and before his Majesty's Courts, held within the said Colony, according to the fixed and known Course of Proceedings; the same resolution referred to the "inestimable Privilege of being tried by a Jury from the Vicinage."The Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress adopted on October 14, 1774, resolved: That the respective colonies are entitled to the common law of England, more to the great and inestimable privilege of being tried by their peers of the vicinage, according to the course of that law.
On October 26, 1774, the Continental Congress approved an address to the people of Quebec, drafted by Thomas Cushing, Richard Henry Lee, John Dickinson, arguing that: great right is that of trial by jury. This provides, that neither life, liberty nor property, can be taken from the possessor, until twelve of his unexceptionable countrymen and peers of his vicinage, who from that neighbourhood may reasonably be supposed to be acquainted with his character, the characters of the witnesses.... The United States Declaration of Independence accuses King George III of "transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended offences." The New Jersey Plan contained a provision that: "o person shall be liable to be tried for any criminal offense, committed within any of the United States, in any other state than that wherein the offense shall be committed...." The proposals of Alexander Hamilton and Charles Cotesworth Pinckney were similar. The Committee of Detail and Committee of the Whole amended this language and included it within Article Three, Section Two, Clause Three.
Article III provides: "The Trial of all Crimes... shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed." This provision received no debate in the Constitutional Convention. The omission of a vicinage right from the United States Constitution was among the objections of the Anti-federalists to the ratification of the Constitution. James Madison explained the omission of a vicinage clause in the Virginia Ratifying Convention as follows: It was objected yesterday, that there was no provision for a jury from the vicinage. If it could have been done with safety, it would not have been opposed, it might so happen. Suppose a rebellion in
John McClamrock was a Dallas high school American football player who received media attention and sympathy from many Americans after an accident that left him with near-total paralysis in 1973. McClamrock, a resident of Preston Hollow, attended Hillcrest High School. On October 17, 1973, an accident during a football game led to a severe injury in which he was paralyzed from the neck down. Hundreds of Hillcrest students visited him at Presbyterian Hospital following his injury. Various Dallas-area schools held benefit games in honor of McClamrock. Local newspapers covered McClamrock's story; the owner of the area Bonanza Steakhouse chain held a "Johnny McClamrock Day" in which 10% of sales were given to a medical fund. Hillcrest High School held numerous benefit events in his honor. McClamrock received get-well cards from people across the United States. President Richard Nixon sent McClamrock a condolence letter. For the rest of his life, McClamrock's mother, Ann Logan "Pretty Annie" McClamrock, cared for him.
McClamrock, with assistance from family members and tutors, graduated from high school in 1975. He lived in the same neighborhood under the care of his mother Ann, his condition prevented him from being placed in an upright position. In his life, wealthier residents who moved into the area and replaced people who knew McClamrock were unaware of McClamrock's presence and story. McClamrock died from respiratory issues at Kindred Hospital in Dallas on March 18, 2008. Ann died May 13, 2008 at the age of 89. McClamrock's brother, said that his mother decided that "her job was finished."In June 2011 the Dallas Independent School District board voted against renaming the Franklin Stadium at Hillcrest after McClamrock. On May 8, 2010, the NFL Network aired a feature on John and Ann McClamrock for their NFL Total Access: Week in Review show. Oscar-winning actor Billy Bob Thornton narrated
John Kenneth "J. K." McKay is a former American football player, trial attorney, executive with positions at the Alliance of American Football and the University of Southern California. As a professional athlete, McKay played wide receiver for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League from 1976 to 1978. McKay played college football at USC, where he played on the 1972 and 1974 National Championship teams and caught, among many others, a 38-yard touchdown pass from long time best friend, quarterback Pat Haden in the fourth quarter of the 1975 Rose Bowl game, he was named co-MVP of the game along with Haden. McKay was inducted into the Rose Bowl Hall of Fame in 1998, he was drafted by the Cleveland Browns in the 16th round of the 1975 NFL Draft, but opted instead to play for the Southern California Sun of the World Football League due to a dislike for the Cleveland area. After the WFL ceased operations midway through its 1975 season, the Browns made him available in the 1976 NFL Expansion Draft, where he was selected by the expansion Tampa Bay Buccaneers.
In Tampa Bay, McKay started at receiver for three controversial seasons. Quarterback Steve Spurrier's belief that McKay was playing ahead of better receivers because he was the son of head coach John McKay, led him to throw passes over the vulnerable middle of the field in an attempt to get McKay injured. McKay was considered a reliable pass-catcher whom opposing defenses considered as a legitimate threat, he was forced to retire due to complications from a broken hand. After retiring from professional football, McKay became a trial attorney in the Tampa area. In 1986, he moved to Los Angeles and continued practicing law as a partner with the law firm of Allen, Leck, Gamble & Mallory. In 2001, he took a position as General Manager of the Los Angeles Xtreme in the XFL; the Xtreme were the first and only champions of the XFL. In 2010, McKay became Senior Associate Athletic Director of the University of Southern California, under the direction of his friend and former teammate Pat Haden. In 2018, he was announced as the Head of Football Operations of the Alliance of American Football.
McKay is a son of former USC Trojan and Tampa Bay Buccaneers coach John McKay and the older brother of former Buccaneers general manager and current Atlanta Falcons president, Rich McKay. McKay has three children, he is referred to as "J. K." in the press, but is more known as "John" or "Johnny". He attended the Stetson University College of Law