CBS is an American English language commercial broadcast television and radio network, a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major production facilities and operations in New York City and Los Angeles. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the company's iconic symbol, in use since 1951, it has been called the "Tiffany Network", alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley, it can refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950. The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations, purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, one of the Big Three American broadcast television networks.
In 1974, CBS dropped its former full name and became known as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995, renamed its corporate entity to the current CBS Broadcasting, Inc. in 1997, adopted the name of the company it had acquired to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself into two separate companies and re-established CBS Corporation – through the spin-off of its broadcast television and select cable television and non-broadcasting assets – with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controls the current Viacom. CBS operated the CBS Radio network until 2017, when it merged its radio division with Entercom. Prior to CBS Radio provided news and features content for its portfolio owned-and-operated radio stations in large and mid-sized markets, affiliated radio stations in various other markets.
While CBS Corporation owns a 72% stake in Entercom, it no longer owns or operates any radio stations directly, though CBS still provides radio news broadcasts to its radio affiliates and the new owners of its former radio stations. The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated television stations throughout the United States; the company ranked 197th on the 2018 Fortune 500 of the largest United States corporations by revenue. The origins of CBS date back to January 27, 1927, with the creation of the "United Independent Broadcasters" network in Chicago by New York City talent-agent Arthur Judson; the fledgling network soon needed additional investors though, the Columbia Phonograph Company, manufacturers of Columbia Records, rescued it in April 1927. Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18, 1927, with a presentation by the Howard L. Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, fifteen affiliates. Operational costs were steep the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out.
In early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the network's Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, their partner Jerome Louchheim. None of the three were interested in assuming day-to-day management of the network, so they installed wealthy 26-year-old William S. Paley, son of a Philadelphia cigar family and in-law of the Levys, as president. With the record company out of the picture, Paley streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System", he believed in the power of radio advertising since his family's "La Palina" cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchhheim share of CBS and became its majority owner with 51% of the business. During Louchheim's brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to A. H. Grebe's Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station. WABC was upgraded, the signal relocated to 860 kHz.
The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, where much of CBS's programming would originate. By the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a firmer financial footing. In the fall of 1928, he entered into talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures, who planned to move into radio in response to RCA's forays into motion pictures with the advent of talkies; the deal came to fruition in September 1929: Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time. The agreement specified that Paramount would buy that same stock back by March 1, 1932 for a flat $5 million, provided CBS had earned $2 million during 1931 and 1932. For a brief time there was talk that the network might be renamed "Paramount Radio", but it only lasted a month – the 1929 stock market crash sent all stock value tumbling, it galvanized Paley and his troops, who "had no alternative but to turn the network around and earn the $2,000,000 in two years....
This is the atmosphere in which the CBS of today was born." The near-bankrupt movie studio sold its CBS shares back to CBS in 1932. In the first year of Paley's wa
Russell David Johnson was an American actor, best known for his role as Professor Roy Hinkley in Gilligan's Island. He was known as Marshal Gib Scott in Black Saddle. Johnson was born in Ashley, Pennsylvania, on November 10, 1924, his parents were Russell Kennedy Johnson and Minnie Wenonah Smink-Johnson. Johnson was the second-oldest of six children, his siblings were Kenneth, Paul Wesley, Lorraine Johnson-Crosby, Marian L. Johnson-Reeves, their father died of pneumonia in December 1932. Minnie Johnson remarried to Thomas S. Lewis; as a teenager, Johnson attended Girard College, a private boarding school for fatherless boys, located in Philadelphia. After graduating from high school, Johnson enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces as an aviation cadet. On completing his training, he was commissioned a second lieutenant, he flew 44 combat missions in the Pacific Theater during World War II as a bombardier in B-25 twin-engined medium bombers. On March 4, 1945, while flying as a navigator in a B-25 with the 100th Bombardment Squadron, 42nd Bombardment Group, 13th Air Force, his B-25 and two others were shot down during a low-level bombing and strafing run against Japanese military targets in the Philippine Islands.
The B-25s encountered heavy anti-aircraft fire, all three had to ditch in the sea off Zamboanga. Johnson broke both ankles in the landing, his bomber's co-pilot was killed. Johnson received a Purple Heart for his injuries, he was awarded the Air Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with three campaign stars, the Philippine Liberation Ribbon with one campaign star, the World War II Victory Medal. After Japan's surrender, Johnson was honorably discharged as a first lieutenant on November 22, 1945, he joined the United States Air Force Reserve and used the G. I. Bill to pay for his acting studies at the Actors' Lab in Hollywood. While there, he met actress Kay Cousins, whom he married in 1949. Johnson became a close friend of Audie Murphy and appeared with him in three of his films, Column South and Tumbleweed in 1953 and Ride Clear of Diablo in 1954. Johnson's Hollywood career began in 1952, with the college fraternity hazing exposé For Men Only, with Loan Shark released in 1952 and starring George Raft.
His early roles were in Westerns such as Rancho Notorious, Seminole and Order, Badman's Country, science fiction films such as It Came from Outer Space, This Island Earth, Attack of the Crab Monsters, The Space Children. He appeared in a Ma and Pa Kettle vehicle, Ma and Pa Kettle at Waikiki, as well as in Roger Corman's rock-'n'-roll crime drama Rock All Night. In 1955, he had a role in Many Rivers to Cross along with Alan Hale Jr. as the Skipper from Gilligan's Island. During the 1950s, he guest-starred on Rod Cameron's syndicated crime drama City Detective, he played the head of a gang of crooks in episode 17 of season one of The Adventures of Superman. Johnson was cast on the religion anthology series Crossroads, he played the Sundown Kid in an episode of the 1958 NBC's Western series Jefferson Drum and guest-starred in another NBC Western series, The Californians. He appeared in an episode of Wagon Train, “The Clif Grundy Story”, he appeared four times on the first-run syndicated military drama The Silent Service, based on actual stories of the submarine section of the United States Navy.
He was cast as Hugh Grafton in episode 28, "The Gar Story", twice played submarine officer and author Edward L. Beach Jr. and as Tom Richards in two 1960 episodes, "Intermission" and "The Desperate Challenge", twice with June Allyson on her CBS anthology series The DuPont Show with June Allyson. He guest starred with William Shatner in "The Hungry Glass", a 1961 episode of Thriller, with Joan Evans and Harvey Stephens in "The Sky Diver", the pilot episode of Ripcord of that same year, he was cast as John T. Metcalf in the 1962 episode "Mile-Long Shot to Kill" of the CBS anthology series GE True, hosted by Jack Webb. In 1963, he was cast in an episode of the short-lived ABC/Warner Bros.' Western series The Dakotas, that same year, he performed in the première of another ABC show, Breaking Point, a medical drama series starring Paul Richards and Eduard Franz. From 1959 to 1960, Johnson had a recurring role as Marshal Gib Scott on ABC's half-hour Western series Black Saddle, with Peter Breck as the gunslinger-turned-lawyer Clay Culhane, Anna-Lisa as Nora Travers, J. Pat O'Malley as Judge Caleb Marsh, Walter Burke as Tim Potter.
Johnson appeared in two episodes of The Twilight Zone. His character brings a murderer from 1880 into the present via a time machine in the season-one episode "Execution". In the season-two episode "Back There", he portrays a man who attempts to prevent the assassination of Abraham Lincoln; the plot of both episodes involved time travel from the 20th to the 19th centuries. Johnson appeared on The Outer Limits in 1964, playing a crewmember on a United States space station in the episode "Specimen: Unknown". Johnson was best known for playing Professor Roy Hinkley, the knowledgeable polymath who could build all sorts of inventions out of the most rudimentary materials available on the island; as Johnson himself pointed out. In the first episode of the show, the radio announcer describes the Professor as a research scientist and well-known scoutmaster
Virginia Christine was an American stage, film and voice actress. Christine had a long career as a character actress in television, she is remembered as "Mrs. Olson" in a number of television commercials for Folgers. Christine was born Virginia Christine Ricketts in Stanton in Montgomery County in southwestern Iowa, she was of Swedish descent. Upon her mother's remarriage, she changed her last name to "Kraft"; the family moved to Des Moines in Polk County, where Virginia attended Elmwood Elementary School. The family relocated again to Des Moines County in southeastern Iowa, not to be confused with the state capital in central Iowa. There Christine attended Mediapolis High School, her family moved to California, where she enrolled at UCLA. Christine began working in radio during college, she began training for a theatrical career with actor/director Fritz Feld whom she married in 1940. In 1942, she made her stage debut in the Los Angeles production of Hedda Gabler. While performing in the play, she was spotted by an agent from Warner Bros. who signed her to a film contract with the studio.
Her first film for Warner's was Edge of Darkness. She was dropped by Warner Bros. in 1943 and signed with Universal Pictures in 1944. That year, Christine had a supporting role in The Mummy's Curse and The Wife of Monte Cristo, with her husband Fritz Feld. In 1946, she appeared in The Scarlet Horseman, a 13-chapter film serial playing Carla Marquette, or Matosca, followed by a supporting role in mystery film The Inner Circle. Christine's next film for Universal was the film noir classic The Killers, she tested for the lead role of femme fatale Kitty Collins, but lost out to Ava Gardner. The film's producer, Mark Hellinger, was impressed with her test and cast her as Lilly Harmon Lubinsky, the wife of Lt. Sam Lubinsky. Christine portrayed the role of Miss Watston in the 1964 remake of the film, starring Lee Marvin and Angie Dickinson. In 1950, she played an supporting role in The Men. Although the part was small and the film was not a commercial success, her performance impressed the film's producer Stanley Kramer.
She became a favorite of his and went on to appear in a number of his films including Cyrano de Bergerac and High Noon. Kramer cast her in the 1955 drama Not as a Stranger, where she played a countrywoman, she coached the film's star Olivia de Havilland on her Swedish accent. The following year, she co-starred in the horror film Invasion of the Body Snatchers. In 1961, Kramer cast her again as a German housekeeper in Judgment at Nuremberg. One of her most notable roles was as Hilary St. George, the bigoted co-worker of the Katharine Hepburn character in the 1967 film Guess Who's Coming to Dinner. In addition to her work in films, Christine appeared in numerous television series. In the 1950s, she appeared in multiple guest roles on The Abbott and Costello Show, Four Star Playhouse, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Ford Television Theatre, Science Fiction Theatre, Matinee Theatre, Father Knows Best, State Trooper, Wanted: Dead or Alive, The Rifleman, Letter to Loretta, General Electric Theater. In November 1959, Christine co-starred as the wife of a verbally abusive hypochondriac in the first-season episode of The Twilight Zone entitled "Escape Clause".
In 1960 and 1961, Christine guest starred on episodes of Coronado 9, The Untouchables. From 1961 to 1962, Christine had a recurring role as widow Ovie Swenson in the Western series Tales of Wells Fargo, she made four guest appearances on Perry Mason, including the role of defendant Beth Sandover in the season 6, 1962 episode, "The Case of the Double-Entry Mind," and murderer Edith Summers in the season 7, 1963 episode, "The Case of the Devious Delinquent." For the remainder of the decade, she continued with guest starring roles in show such as 77 Sunset Strip, Ben Casey, The Fugitive, Wagon Train, The Virginian, Going My Way, The F. B. I. and Daniel Boone. In 1969, Christine co-starred in the ABC television movie Daughter of the Mind, her greatest fame came in 1965 when she started her 21-year stint as the matronly Mrs. Olson, who had comforting words for young married couples while pouring Folgers Coffee in the television commercials; the commercials became a popular staple on television and Christine's character, Mrs. Olsen, was parodied by comedians and entertainers including Carol Burnett, Johnny Carson, Bob Hope, Ann-Margret, Jackie Gleason.
She would go on to appear in over 100 commercials for Folgers. In 1971, Christine's hometown of Stanton, honored her by transforming the city water tower to resemble a giant coffeepot. During the 1970s, Christine continued to work in television, her last role was on the 1979 animated series Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo, in which she provided additional voices. Christine retired from acting in 1979. After her retirement, she did volunteer work at Planned Parenthood and served as a judge at the American College Theatre Festival. Christine was appointed the honorary mayor of Brentwood, Los Angeles where she and her husband resided for many years. In November 1940, Christine married actor Fritz Feld; the couple had two sons and Danny. Christine and Feld remained married until Feld's death in 1993. On July 24, 1996, Christine died at her Brentwood home of cardiovascular disease, her interment was at the Jewish Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery in the Hollywood Hills section of Los Angeles. Virginia Christine on IMDb Virginia Christine at the TCM Movie
Krekor Ohanian, known professionally as Mike Connors, was an Armenian-American actor best known for playing private detective Joe Mannix in the CBS television series Mannix from 1967–75, a role which earned him a Golden Globe Award in 1970, the first of six straight nominations, as well as four consecutive Emmy nominations from 1970-73. He starred in the short-lived series Tightrope! and Today's FBI. Connors' acting career spanned six decades, but Not Serious, in which he and Robert Redford played American soldiers taken prisoner by a German villager played by Alec Guinness. Of Armenian descent, Connors was born Krekor Ohanian in Fresno, California in 1925, his father was named Krekor Ohanian and his mother was Alice. They had three children, Dorthy M. Arpesri A. and Krekor. At school, he got into fights due to the discrimination faced by Armenians, who were looked upon as outsiders, he recalled. He was an avid basketball player in high school, nicknamed "Touch" by his teammates. During World War II he served as an enlisted man in the United States Army Air Forces.
After the war, he attended the University of California at Los Angeles on a basketball scholarship, where he played under coach John Wooden. He was a member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity. Director William A. Wellman got him into acting after noticing his expressive face, he appeared on the Los Angeles CBS station as Touch Connors in an episode of Jukebox Jury before the program went national via ABC in 1953. Connors is credited in his early films, such as Sudden Fear, Island in the Sky, Swamp Women, Five Guns West, The Day the World Ended, Shake and Rock, Flesh and the Spur as "Touch Connors". Connors recalled in an interview that he was renamed by Henry Willson, saying that "Ohanian" was too close to the actor George O'Hanlon and came up with "Touch Connors", his film career started in the early 1950s. Connors was cast in the critically acclaimed John Wayne film, Island in the Sky in which he was a crewman on one of the search-and-rescue planes. In 1956, still billed as Touch Connors, he played an Amalekite herder in Cecil B.
DeMille's The Ten Commandments. He appeared in numerous television series, including the co-starring role in the 1955 episode "Tomas and the Widow" of the anthology series Frontier, he guest-starred on the early sitcoms, Jeannie! and The People's Choice. He guest-starred in two Rod Cameron syndicated crime dramas, City Detective and the Western-themed State Trooper, played the villain in the first episode filmed of ABC's smash hit Maverick, credited as “Michael Conners”, opposite James Garner in 1957. In 1957, he appeared in one episode of the series The Silent Service, in the credits for which he was billed as "Touch Conners." In 1958, Connors appeared in the title role of the episode "Simon Pitt", the series finale of the NBC Western Jefferson Drum, starring Jeff Richards as a frontier newspaper editor. He appeared in The Californians; that same year, Connors was cast as Miles Borden, a corrupt US Army lieutenant bitter over his $54 monthly pay, on NBC's Wagon Train in the episode "The Dora Gray Story", with Linda Darnell in the title role.
About this time, he appeared on an episode of NBC's Western series Cimarron City. Connors appeared in other syndicated series: The Silent Service, based on true stories of the submarine section of the United States Navy. An episode of Studio 57 starring Connors and titled "Getaway Car" was proposed as a pilot for a series about the CHP to be called Motorcycle Cop. Connors co-starred in the classic 1956 Roger Corman sci-fi film, The Day The World Ended, co-starred in Roger Corman's Swamp Women that same year, he was cast in the episode "The Aerialist" of the anthology series, Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond. In 1963, he guest-starred as Jack Marson in the episode "Shadow of the Cougar" on the NBC modern Western series, starring Richard Egan. In 1964, Connors appeared in a pinch-hit role for Raymond Burr as attorney Joe Kelly in the Perry Mason episode, "The Case of the Bullied Bowler". In 1965, he co-starred in one of Robert Redford's earliest film roles, a World War II black comedy, Situation Hopeless...
But Not Serious. Connors took the starring roles in Tightrope!, Today's F. B. I.. Mannix was produced by Desilu Productions. Then-president Lucille Ball pushed for CBS to keep the show on air after a lackluster first season in the ratings; this move enabled the show to become a long-running hit for the network. Connors was able to work with his boss on-screen during a cross-promotion episode of Ball's Here's Lucy series in 1971, showing his skill at comedy; the episode, which opened Lucy's fourth season, is titled "Lucy and Mannix are Held Hostage". This was notable as the first episode shot at Universal Studios, after Ball ceased producing her program at Paramount Studios. Connors played Air Force Colonel Harrison "Hack" Peters in Herman Wouk's 1988 World War II-based miniseries War and Remembrance. Connors' final appearance was as a love interest of Evelyn Harper. Connors married Mary L
The Lone Ranger (TV series)
The Lone Ranger is an American western drama television series that aired on the ABC Television network from 1949 to 1957, with Clayton Moore in the starring role. Jay Silverheels, a member of the Mohawk Aboriginal people in Canada, played The Lone Ranger's Indian companion Tonto. John Hart replaced Moore in the title role from 1952 to 1954 due to a contract dispute. Fred Foy, both narrator and announcer of the radio series from 1948 until its ending, was the announcer. Gerald Mohr was employed as the narrator for the television series, but story narration was dropped after 16 episodes; the Lone Ranger was the highest-rated television program on ABC in the early 1950's and its first true "hit". The series finished #7 in the Nielsen ratings for the 1950–1951 season, #18 for 1951–1952 and #29 for 1952–1953; the fictional story line maintains that a patrol of six Texas Rangers is massacred, with only one member surviving. The "lone" survivor thereafter disguises himself with a black mask and travels with Tonto throughout Texas and the American West to assist those challenged by the lawless elements.
A silver mine supplies The Lone Ranger with the name of his horse as well as the funds required to finance his wandering lifestyle and the raw material for his signature bullets. At the end of most episodes, after the Lone Ranger and Tonto leave, someone asks the sheriff or other person of authority who the masked man was; the person responds that it was the Lone Ranger, heard yelling "Hi-Yo Silver, away!" as he and Tonto ride away on their horses. George W. Trendle retained the title of producer, although he recognized that his experience in radio was not adequate for producing the television series. For this, he hired veteran MGM film producer Jack Chertok. Chertok served as the producer for the first 182 episodes; the first 78 episodes were produced and broadcast for 78 consecutive weeks without any breaks or reruns. The entire 78 episodes were shown again before any new episodes were produced. All were shot in Kanab and California. Much of the series was filmed on the former Iverson Movie Ranch in Chatsworth, including the iconic opening sequence to each episode, in which the cry of "Hi-yo Silver" is heard before the Lone Ranger and Silver gallop to a distinctive rock and Silver rears up on his hind legs.
The rock seen next to Silver is known as Lone Ranger Rock and remains in place today on the site of the former movie ranch. When it came time to produce another batch of 52 episodes, there was a wage dispute with Clayton Moore, John Hart was hired to play the role of the Lone Ranger. Once again, the 52 new episodes were aired in sequence followed by 52 weeks rerunning them. Despite expectations that the mask would make the switch workable, Hart was not accepted in the role, his episodes were not seen again until the 1980's. At the end of the fifth year of the television series, Trendle sold the Lone Ranger rights to Jack Wrather, who bought them on August 3, 1954. Wrather rehired Clayton Moore to play the Lone Ranger, another 52 episodes were produced. Once again, they were broadcast as a full year of new episodes followed by a full year of reruns; the final season saw a number of changes, including an episode count of 39, which had become the industry standard. Wrather invested money from his own pocket to film in color, although ABC telecast only in black and white.
Wrather went outdoors for action footage. Otherwise, the series was filmed on a studio sound stage. Another big change, not detectable by the viewers, was replacing Jack Chertok with producer Sherman A. Harris. By this time, Chertok had established his own television production company and was busy producing other programs. Wrather decided not to negotiate further with the network and took the property to the big screen and canceled television production; the last new episode of the color series was broadcast on June 6, 1957, the series ended September 12, 1957, although ABC reaped the benefits of daytime reruns for several more years. Wrather's company produced two modestly budgeted theatrical features, The Lone Ranger and The Lone Ranger and the Lost City of Gold; the cast included former child actress Bonita Granville, who had married Wrather after his divorce from a daughter of former Texas Governor W. Lee O'Daniel. Clayton Moore as The Lone Ranger John Hart as The Lone Ranger Jay Silverheels as Tonto Chuck Courtney as Dan Reid Michael Ansara - Angry Horse in episode 74 - "Trouble at Black Rock".
James Arness - Deputy Bud Titus in episode 33 - "Matter of Courage". John Banner - Von Baden in episode 39 - "Damsels in Distress" Frances Bavier - Aunt Maggie Sawtelle in episode 159 - "Sawtelle Saga's End". Hugh Beaumont - Reverend Randy Roberts in episode 99- "The Godless Men". Lane Bradford - Jake in episode 4 - "The Legion of Old Timers", Slick in episode 19 - "Greed for Gold", Sergeant Pala in episode 44 - "White Man's Magic", Lige Watkin in episode 58 - "Crime in Time", Joe in episode 64 - "Desert Adventure", Gat Towson in episode 71 - "The Outcast", Dusty in episode 76 - "The Hooded Men", Rufe in episode 84 - "Jeb's Gold Mine", Zeke in episode 105 - "A Stage for Mademoiselle", Smiley Hawks in episode 111 - "The Deserter", Gus in episode 133 - "Message to Fort Apache", Matt Rusk in episode 138 - "Stage to Teshimingo", Jed in episode 187 - "The Cross of Santo Domingo", George Stark in episode 197 - "Christmas Story", Duke Wade in episode 216 - "Mission for
Dennis the Menace (1959 TV series)
Dennis the Menace was an American sitcom based on the Hank Ketcham comic strip of the same name. It preceded The Ed Sullivan Show on Sunday evenings on CBS from October 1959 to July 1963; the series starred Jay North as Dennis Mitchell. Sponsored by Kellogg's cereals and Best Foods, the series was produced by Dariell Productions and Screen Gems; the show follows the lives of the Mitchell family – Henry and their only child, Dennis, an energetic, trouble-prone, but well-meaning boy, who tangles first with his peace-and-quiet-loving neighbor, George Wilson, a retired salesman, with George's brother John, a writer. While the series was based on the Dennis the Menace comic strip, there are differences between the two. On the sitcom and in the comics, Dennis is a good, well-intentioned boy who always tries to help people, but winds up making situations worse – at Mr. Wilson's expense. In early episodes of the first season, more outlandish disasters occurred as a result of his actions; the character of Dennis was toned down by the seventh episode.
Instead of Dennis's dog Ruff, a smaller Cairn Terrier named Fremont belonged to George and Martha Wilson. He did not appear during the fourth season, when Eloise Wilson moved into 625 Elm Street. With CBS seeking to replace the hit show it had lost when it allowed Leave It to Beaver to migrate to ABC, a pilot episode titled "Dennis Goes To The Movies" was filmed in late 1958. In the pilot, Dennis was younger and his speech, voice tone, character had not been as developed as in episodes in the 1959–1960 season. In the episode, Dennis causes much destruction such as burying a hose, trying to repair a leg on the kitchen table and causing it to collapse knocking Mr. Wilson off the ladder and causing him to ruin his shoes as he steps in a can of paint, among other things. Dennis' parents announce that they are going to the movies to see a Western and that Dennis would stay home with a sitter; because none of the babysitters in the neighborhood would help out because of Dennis's mischief, the Mitchells find an older lady, Mrs. Porter, who has never met Dennis.
Dennis switches places with Joey and sneaks out to the same movie his parents are seeing. Joey stays home and Mrs. Porter thinks he is Dennis. Meanwhile, Dennis causes havoc at the theater demanding that the projectionist repeat a scene, his parents suspect that Dennis call Mrs. Porter at the house. Dennis beats his parents home and is in bed by the time they return, but he makes noises trying to borrow Mr. Wilson's ladder to climb back into his upstairs bedroom window; this causes Mr. Wilson to go outside to see. Mr. Wilson is arrested for armed robbery; the final scene where Joey jumps into bed with Dennis was filmed in the summer of 1959, after half a dozen episodes had been filmed to make the episode fit the half-hour time segment. In early 1959, several other episodes were filmed, including "The Fishing Trip", "Dennis Gets a Duck", "Dennis Runs Away", "The Cowboy", "Open House", "Dennis Becomes a Babysitter". At that point, CBS consented to air the program at 7:30 pm ET on Sunday evenings after Lassie.
After viewing these episodes, CBS determined that Dennis's antics had to be toned down lest his actions would encourage children watching the show to imitate Dennis. Several weeks before the series debuted, the episode "The Sign Post" was produced in which Tommy made his debut. Margaret, who appeared in two episodes that were made before but aired after, appeared along with Joey. After the pilot aired as the first episode, "The Sign Post" aired and after that "Fishing Trip", the second episode, aired. After that, newly made episodes aired mixed in with the initial batch made earlier in 1959, which explains why "Dennis Runs Away", the fourth or fifth episode was run in the first run, shows an younger Dennis as in the earlier episodes; the episode "Dennis and The Rare Coin" was aired before "Dennis Runs Away", but aired after. On both episodes, Dennis is at the police station. On "Dennis and The Rare Coin" where Dennis is given milk, he states, "last time I came here I got ice cream", referring to the episode "Dennis Runs Away" where he got an ice-cream cone at the police station, made before, but aired after.
Joey was phased out in season one. Dennis's friend Stewart appeared in a few episodes in the first season, played by Ron Howard, who soon after became Opie Taylor on The Andy Griffith Show. Dennis and Mr. Wilson had a love-hate relationship, with Dennis always aggravating Mr. Wilson, but without realizing it, he would call Mr. Wilson his "best friend", referred to him as "Good'Ol Mr. Wilson", while on many occasions, Mr. Wilson would tell Dennis, "You have far better friends than me." Mrs. Wilson, loved Dennis in a grandmotherly way and tried to make the situation better between the two. Other neighbors and townspeople aired on a recurring basis included Mrs. Lucy Elkins, Mrs. Dorothy Holland (another widow who
Los Angeles County Fire Department
The Los Angeles County Fire Department provides firefighting and emergency medical services for the unincorporated parts of Los Angeles County, California, as well as 59 cities, including the city of La Habra, located in Orange County and is the first city outside of Los Angeles County to contract with LACoFD. As of 2013 the department is responsible for just over 4 million residents spread out in over 1.2 million housing units across an area of 2,305 square miles. The department has an annual budget of $1.15 Billion. According to Firehouse magazine, the LACoFD is the 6th busiest department in the US, behind New York City Fire Department, Chicago Fire Department, Houston Fire Department, Los Angeles City Fire Department, Dallas Fire Department; the Department responded to 389,313 calls for service in 2015. The LACoFD has featured several times in popular culture, including the 1970s NBC TV series Emergency! The Los Angeles County Fire Department began in 1920, was known as the Los Angeles County Forestry Department and Los Angeles County Fire Protection Districts.
The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors enlisted Stuart J. Flintham to lead the new department, directed him to establish a program for fire prevention and firefighting in the county, he succeeded in opening 30 Fire Protection Districts, which served, continue to serve and the unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County. Cities could choose to join the Fire Protection District by allocating property tax for this service. Cities formed as contract cities in the post-World War II period retained membership in the Fire Protection District. Following the passage of Proposition 13 in 1978, property taxes were capped at 1% and the Fire Department charged cities fees for services when annexation occurred. Properties within the district that are not covered under a fee for service arrangement pay a special fire tax as a result of Proposition E, passed in 1997. County vehicles assigned to the Los Angeles County Fire Department continue to list as registered owner the "Consolidated Fire Protection District of Los Angeles County" on California Department of Motor Vehicles paperwork.
The Los Angeles County Fire Department Emergency Operations are commanded by Chief Deputy David R. Richardson; the 4 Bureaus that the Chief Deputy oversees contain the bulk of the firefighting personnel and apparatus that the Fire Department provides, as well as the Technical Services Division. The 3 Operations Bureaus consist of the neighborhood fire stations and camps that are geographically based, while the fourth bureau has specialized teams that respond throughout the county; the 3 Operations Bureaus of LACoFD serve 59 cities and all unincorporated communities with 22 Battalions and 9 Divisions. Each Division is commanded by an assistant chief; the LACoFD has 10 fire camps with handcrews which are used for both fire prevention and wildland firefighting. In 2013, to help combat jail crowding as well as increase time served by serious criminal offenders, Los Angeles County sent more than 500 inmates to firefighting camps in mountain and foothill areas. Inmates assigned to the camps are nonviolent offenders who have completed physical and security screenings.
They are trained by county firefighters to help fight fires and assist with clearing brush and debris. The camps are run in conjunction with the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and the Los Angeles County Probation Department; the Los Angeles County Fire Department utilizes a wide array of firefighting apparatus, including Engines, Trucks, Light Forces and Water Tenders. Support apparatus include Rescue Squads, Hazardous Materials Squads, Urban Search & Rescue Squads. LACoFD apparatus are painted reddish-orange as opposed to LAFD apparatus red. While many modern fire departments have opted to go with trucks/quints that have rear-mounted ladders, the LACoFD has chosen to stay with tiller trucks because of their enhanced maneuverability in tight areas; the benefit of a quint is that it has a built in pump and water tank and can thus operate without an engine. The LA County Fire Department has 10 helicopters available for aerial firefighting. With the exception of Copter 10, used for command purposes, all copters are outfitted with water drop tanks for aerial firefighting.
The headquarters for the Air Operations Section is located at Barton Heliport, next to Whiteman Airport in Pacoima. Five Sikorsky S-70A/S-70i Firehawks Copter 15, Copter 16, Copter 19, Copter 21, Copter 22 are fitted with 1,000 US gallons tanks. One Bell 412 Copter 12 is fitted with a 360 US gallons tank. Two Bell 412EP Copter 11 and Copter 14 are outfitted with 360 US gallons tanks. Two Bell 412HP Copter 17 and Copter 18 are outfitted with 360 US gallons tanks; as of March 2019 The LACoFD is dispatched from the P. Michael Freeman Command And Control Facility at the county fire operations center in East Los Angeles; the Los Angeles County Fire Department has been featured in multiple different television series. Rescue 8 – The syndicated series of the late 1950s focused on Rescue Squad 8 and starred Jim Davis and Lang Jeffries. Emergency! – The NBC series of the 1970s dramatized a department paramedic rescue squad, popularly credited for encouraging the widespread adaptation of the medical service.
The exterior fire station scenes for the fictional station 51 in the series were shot at county fire station 127. It is now called the Robert A. Cinader Memorial Fire Station in honor of the television producer who made the station famous. In addition, the fire station in Universal City, where Universal Pictures is located, who