Resistance Party (France)

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Resistance Party
Parti de la Résistance
Leader Casimir Périer
Adolphe Thiers
François Guizot
Founded 1832 (1832)
Dissolved 1848 (1848)
Merger of Doctrinaires
Merged into Party of Order
Newspaper Journal des débats
La Presse
Ideology Orléanism
Liberal conservatism
Political position Centre-right

The Resistance Party (French: Parti de la Résistance) was a political group during the July Monarchy.[1] It sat on the centre-right of the Chamber of Deputies, to the left of the Legitimists, but to the right of the republican opposition, the liberal Movement Party and the centrist Third Party.

History[edit]

The Resistance Party came to power with Casimir Perier in 1831 and would remain there essentially until the end of the reign. Perier, at the head of the government since March 1831, brought in the army against the Lyons canuts. This revolt took place in the working-class districts of Lyons. The rioters brandished the black flag by chanting "live by working or dying while fighting". After the death of Perier in 1832, his associate François Guizot became the party leader. It imposes a peaceful foreign policy and a conservative domestic policy. This government was unpopular in 1840 because to consolidate the regime, the government did not hesitate to corrupt Parliament. In the elections of 1842, the Guizot government imposed itself by a favorable economic situation.

However, the tension between workers and industrialists became too strong and revolts exploded. King Louis Philippe I removed Guizot from power in 1847. Louis-Mathieu Molé was appointed briefly as Prime Minister, attempting to repress the revolution, but failed. The monarchy was abolished and the new French Republic born in 1848. Many members of the Resistance Party, like other parliamentary groups under the July Monarchy, merged in the Party of Order, conservative expression in the new regime.

Ideology[edit]

The Resistance Party believed that the liberal cause had been fulfilled by the Charter of 1830. The party envisioned the July Revolution as a means to restore order and legality after the "coup d'état" of Charles X, rather than as a radical break from the existing order.

The Resistance governments supported a moderate and bourgeois policy, retaining the censal system and holding a laissez-faire economic stance. The party did, however, back some progressive measures such as the school law of 1833, which established free public education for the poor.

Electoral results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1834 89,885 (#1) 69.5
320 / 460
Increase 38
Édouard Mortier
1837 20,937 (#3) 13.8
64 / 464
Decrease 135
François Guizot
1839 87,352 (#2) 43.4
199 / 459
Increase 67
François Guizot
1842 unknown (#1) 58.0
266 / 459
Increase 37
Francois Guizot
1846 155,718 (#1) 63.3
290 / 459
Increase 24
Francois Guizot

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Civilization and society in the West, pg 439

Sophie Kerignard; LaurentColantonio; Véronique Fau-Vincenti; Alice Primi (2004). 100 fiches d'histoire du xixe siècle. Editions Bréal.
l'Histoire de France, Larousse