Mylopotamos is a municipality in Rethymno regional unit, on Crete, southern Greece. The seat of the municipality is the village Perama, the municipal unit has an area of 360.703 km2. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Mylopotamos and Anogeia
Heraklion is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete. It is the fourth largest city in Greece.3 km2, Heraklion is the capital of Heraklion regional unit. The Bronze Age palace of Knossos, known as the Palace of Minos, is located nearby. The Arab raiders from Andalusia who founded the Emirate of Crete moved the capital from Gortyna to a new castle they called ربض الخندق rabḍ al-ḫandaq Castle of the Moat in the 820s. After the Byzantine reconquest, the city was known as Megalo Kastro or Castro. The ancient name Ηράκλειον was revived in the 19th century and comes from the nearby Roman port of Heracleum, english usage formerly preferred the classicizing transliterations Heraklion or Heraclion, but the form Iraklion is becoming more common. Heraklion is close to the ruins of the palace of Knossos, though there is no archaeological evidence of it, Knossos might well have had a port at the site of Heraklion as early as 2000 BC. They built a moat around the city for protection, and named the city ربض الخندق and it became the capital of the Emirate of Crete.
The Saracens allowed the port to be used as a haven for pirates who operated against Imperial shipping. In 961, Byzantine forces under the command of Nikephoros Phokas, to become Emperor, landed in Crete, after a prolonged siege, the city fell. The Saracen inhabitants were slaughtered, the city looted and burned to the ground, soon rebuilt, the town was renamed Χάνδαξ, and remained under Greek control for the next 243 years. Chandax was renamed Candia and became the seat of the Duke of Candia, the city retained the name of Candia for centuries and the same name was often used to refer to the whole island of Crete as well. To secure their rule, Venetians began in 1212 to settle families from Venice on Crete, after the Venetians came the Ottoman Empire. During the Cretan War, the Ottomans besieged the city for 21 years, from 1648 to 1669, in its final phase, which lasted for 22 months,70,000 Turks,38,000 Cretans and slaves and 29,088 of the citys Christian defenders perished. The Ottoman army under an Albanian grand vizier, Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed Pasha conquered the city in 1669, under the Ottomans, the city was known officially as Kandiye but informally in Greek as Megalo Castro.
During the Ottoman period, the harbour silted up, so most shipping shifted to Chania in the west of the island, in 1898, the autonomous Cretan State was created, under Ottoman suzerainty, with Prince George of Greece as its High Commissioner and under international supervision. During the period of occupation of the island by the Great Powers. At this time, the city was renamed Heraklion, after the Roman port of Heracleum, in 1913, with the rest of Crete, Heraklion was incorporated into the Kingdom of Greece
Kissamos is a town and municipality, multiple bishopric and Latin titular see in the west of the island of Crete, Greece. It is part of the Chania regional unit and of the former Kissamos Province which covers the northwest corner of the island, the city of Kissamos is known as Kastelli Kissamou and often known simply as Kastelli after the Venetian castle that was there. It is now a port and fishing harbour, with a ferry from the Peloponnese via Kythira. A town museum is located in the old Venetian governors palace and there have been important archaeological finds in the town, including fine mosaics, the head town of the municipality is Kastelli-Kissamos itself. Strabo said that ancient Cisamus was dependent on Aptera and was its naval arsenal, the Peutinger Table distinguishes two port towns in Crete called Cisamus, Modern Kissamos is much further west than where Aptera is now placed. It was excluded already by Pashley in 1837 as being, of the two ancient maritime Cretan cities named Kisamos, the one associated with Aptera.
In the past, when the port of Aptera was thought to be present-day Kissamos, some supposed Aptera to be identical with Polyrrhenia, however and other ancient sources say that Polyrrhenias port was at Phalasarna on the west coast. Ancient Cisamus became a Christian bishopric, a suffragan of the see of Gortyna. Only two of its bishops are named in extant contemporary documents, Nicetas at the Trullan Council in 692. The bishopric is still a residential see of the Eastern Orthodox Church of Crete, after the Venetian conquest of Crete in 1212, Cisamus became a Latin Church diocese. The names of more than 20 residential Latin bishops from until the end of the 16th century are known, angelo Barbarigo, Bishop of Verona, Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro, Cardinal-Priest of S. Prassede in commendum (1415.07.04 –1418.08.16 and it forms the extreme western part of the region, and of Crete. It is bordered by Platanias to the East, and by Kantanos-Selino to the south, the province of Kissamos was one of the provinces of the Chania Prefecture.
Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Kissamos, and the municipal units Kolymvari and Voukolies
His parents came from the village Kallikratis in Sfakia, Crete. His older brother Nikistratos was playing the lira and so did Mitsos Kaffatos - one of the best musicians in Rethymno at that time - who was to become Kostas’ tutor, when the German military occupation of Crete started, Kostas Mountakis was 15 years old. In those days, he played his lira and sang at the coffee shop. In 1952, Kostas Mountakis participated for the first time in an album recording when he accompanied Stelios Koutsourelis at the song “Arpaxsa kai Baildisa” and these songs are a small sample of his music. Kostas Mountakis played an important and vital role to the popularization of the lira as well as to the formation of its teaching methods and his overall contribution to the musical tradition of Crete is very important. Lyra Lyra Music of Crete Apochairetismos
Prefectures of Greece
They are now defunct, and have been approximately replaced by regional units. They are called departments in ISO 3166-2, GR and by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, the prefectures became self-governing entities in 1994, when the first prefectural-level elections took place. The prefects were appointed by the government. In addition, there were three super-prefectures controlling two or more prefectures, with the Kallikratis reform, which entered into force on 1 January 2011, the prefectures were abolished. Many, especially in the mainland, were retained in the form of units within the empowered regions. The current Prefectural Self-Governments were formed in 1994 and replaced the previous prefectures, whose councils, prefectures are governed by a Prefectural Council made up of 21 to 37 members, led by the Prefect and presided by a Council President. Other organs of the prefectures are, The Prefectural Committee, consisted of the Prefect or an assistant appointed by him and 4 to 6 members, the Provincial Council and The Eparchos.
Prefectural councillors are elected via public election every four years, three-fifths of all seats go to the combination winning a majority and two-fifths of the seats go to remaining parties based on a proportional system. Prefect becomes the president of the victorious electoral combination, electoral is a combination which attains more than 42% in the first round of the prefectural elections. Nonetheless, the affairs of state administration belonging to the prefects before 1994 are now exerted by the Presidents of the Regions, the current Prefectural Self-Governments have kept the local affairs of prefectureal level not belonging to the state administration. With certain laws specific affairs of certain ministries were transferred to the Prefectural Self-Governments, unlike the rest mentioned above, the prefecture never broke up into two prefectures, thus being the only one left with a composite appellation. Messenia originally included the half of what is now Elis. Laconia originally included the half of what is now Messinia.
Euboea originally included the Sporades, which now belong to Magnesia, the territory of Phthiotis Prefecture did not originally include the Domokos Province, which was part of Thessaly. Arcadia Prefecture and the Cyclades Prefecture are the only prefectures to have their borders unchanged since independence, the capital of Argolis Prefecture, Nafplion was the first capital of the modern Greek state, before the move of the capital to Athens by King Otto. is Nomarchy
Platanias is a village and municipality on the Greek island of Crete. It is located about 10 km west from the city of Chania and east of Kastelli-Kissamos, the seat of the municipality is the village Gerani. Platanias is a popular village with a beach, several hotels, restaurants. Not far from the coast is the island of Agioi Theodoroi.780 km2 and it lies within the Chania regional unit and is numbered 6 on the map of the Chania region. It is on the north coast, forming the shore of Kissamos Bay. It is bordered by Kissamos to the west, Kantanos-Selino to the south, Chania to the east and its northeast region is the Rodopos Peninsula
Lampi is a former municipality in the Rethymno regional unit, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Agios Vasileios, the municipal unit has an area of 220.836 km2. The seat of the municipality was in Spili
Chania (regional unit)
Chania is one of the four regional units of Crete, it covers the westernmost quarter of the island. Its capital is the city of Chania, Chania borders only one other regional unit, that of Rethymno to the east. The western part of Crete is bounded to the north by the Cretan Sea, the regional unit includes the southernmost island of Europe, Gavdos. Chania regional unit, often informally termed Western Crete, is a beautiful, districts include verdant Apokoronas, mountainous Sfakia, and Selino in the far South West corner. Some other notable towns in the Chania prefecture are Hora Sfakion, Kastelli-Kissamos, Maleme, Vamos and Kalives. The natural park of Samariá Gorge, a major tourist attraction, the White Mountains or Lefka Ori, through which the Samaria, Aradena and other gorges run, are the limestone peaks topped by snow until May that occupy much of Chania regional unit. They contain more than 40 peaks over 2,000 meters high, the highest peak in this area is Pachnes, at 2,453 meters above sea level.
The regional unit includes three headlands, known as the three heads of Crete. From east to west, they are, Rodopos, Western Crete is popular with tourists for its spring flowers that linger on into early May in the mountains. Birdwatching is popular, with the lammergeier and golden eagle especially sought for, as an island, Crete has many endemic species of plant and animal. Cretes only freshwater lake, Lake Kournas, is in the regional unit close to the border with Rethymno regional unit,47 km from Chania and it is relatively large, with a perimeter of 3.5 km. The lake used to be called Korisia after ancient Korion, a city thought to be in the area with a temple to Athena, the lake used to be reportedly full of eels but now is better known for its terrapins and tourists. Tavernas and pedalo rental shops line part of the shore, however, the lake retains its beauty, the White Mountains reflected in the mirror-like waters. Chania is the unit of Crete that receives the most precipitation. The regional unit Chania is subdivided into 7 municipalities, as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the Chania regional unit was created out of the former prefecture.
The prefecture had the territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below
Apokoronas is a municipality and a former province in Chania regional unit, north-west Crete, Greece. It is situated on the north coast of Crete, to the east of Chania itself, the seat of the municipality is the village Vryses. The municipality has an area of 315.478 km2, the Apokoronas extends from the foothills of the White Mountains north to the coast, in a wide plain with rolling hills. To the east, Cape Drapanon rises above the plain and extends out into the Sea of Crete, the area is very green and fertile, unusual for rocky Crete. The Kiliaris river, known in antiquity as Pyknos, runs through the region, robert Pashley suggested that the name Apokoronas came from the ancient city of Ippokoronas or Ippokoronion, cited by Strabo. This city may have located near modern Nipos, or on the site of the Venetian fortress, Castel Apicorono. Gavalohori is among the more popular villages for foreign buyers, with an amount of often low-quality building taking place. Many residents or workers in Chania have homes in the area, Apokoronas was the location of much of the filming of the movie Zorba the Greek.
It covered the area as the current municipality
Thanassis Skordalos was a musician from Crete, noted for playing the lyra, the bowed string instrument of Crete and most popular surviving form of the medieval Byzantine lyra. Skordalos was born in the village Spili of Saint Basil in Rethymno Prefecture and he finished grammar school in Spili. It was about the time that he first started to play the lira. He gave his first performance in front of the Cretans in Athens - at the music hall “Vizantio” in Omonoia Square. His first recording was in 1946 with the famous “Spiliano Syrto” where Giannis Markogiannakis was playing the lute, in 1947 when he was 27 years old, he was positioned at the Security Services of the National Bank of Greece from where he on retired. During his long career, Skordalos performed in most of the countries one can find Cretan immigrants like the United States, Australia. He married Hrisoula Papadaki from Rethimnon and they had two sons and two daughters, Skordalos along with Kostas Mountakis are considered those lyra players who offered the most to Cretan music.
Skordalos legacy lasted for sixty years and he died on 23 April 1998 at the age of 78, Lyra Lyra Music of Crete Article about Skordaloss death