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Reuben James

Reuben James was a boatswain's mate of the United States Navy, famous for his heroism in the First Barbary War. Born in Delaware around 1776, James joined the United States Navy and served on several ships, including the frigate USS Constellation. During the First Barbary War, the American frigate Philadelphia was captured by the Barbary pirates when it ran aground in the city of Tripoli, on the southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea. During the course of the naval blockade of the harbor, there were numerous engagements, the most intense being the Gunboat Battle of August 3, 1804. During the battle, Lieutenant Stephen Decatur boarded a Tripolitan gunboat that he believed was crewed by the men who had mortally wounded his brother after surrendering. While Lieutenant Decatur was locked in hand-to-hand combat with the Tripolitan commander, another Tripolitan sailor swung his saber at him. According to early accepted accounts, Reuben James interposed himself between the descending sword and his commander, taking the blow on his head.

The blow did not kill him, he recovered to continue serving in the Navy. This account, though, is now considered to be in error. No one by the name of James is recorded as having received medical treatment after the battle. Another of Decatur's crewmen, Daniel Frazier, did receive medical treatment for a serious saber slash to the head; this supports some initial accounts. James continued his Naval career, he was forced to retire in January 1836 because of ill health. He died in 1838 at the U. S. Naval Hospital in Washington, DC. Three warships of the Navy have been named Reuben James in his honor: Reuben James, a four-stack Clemson-class destroyer Reuben James, a Buckley-class destroyer escort Reuben James, an Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigateJames Island of Washington state was named for James. Wheelan, Joseph. Jefferson's War: American's First War on Terror 1801--1805, New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2003. United States Naval Institute: Lest We Forget This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

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Anvil Publishing

Anvil Publishing, Inc. is the publishing arm of National Book Store. It publishes print books, e-books, audiobooks. Anvil is a nationwide book dealer to network servicing dealers in the Philippines which includes National Book Store, Goodwill Book Store, Rex Book Store, Solidaridad. Anvil is an eleven-time Publisher of the Year awardee. In 2016, founder Karina Bolasco left the company after 35 years. Almario, Virgilio. El Filibusterismo. Almario, Virgilio. Noli Me Tangere. Yuson, Alfred A. Voyeurs & Savages. Bautista, Lualhati. Dekada'70. Joaquin, Nick; the Woman Who Had Two Navels. Joaquin, Nick. May Day Eve and Other Stories. Joaquin, Nick. Tropical Baroque: Four Manileño Theatricals. Bulosan, Carlos. America Is in the Heart. Bautista, Lualhati. Bata, bata... pa’no ka ginawa? Bautista, Lualhati. Desaparesidos. Official website

Mary Elizabeth Moore

Mary Elizabeth Moore is an educator and current dean of the Boston University School of Theology in Boston, Massachusetts. She has been a professor of religion and education at the Claremont School of Theology, as well as Emory University, where she served as the director of the Women in Theology and Ministry Program. Moore has written on topics of socio-economic justice, socio-ecological renewal, throughout her career has contributed to the dialogue between theology and education. Mary Elizabeth Mullino was born to James Ogle Mullino and Elizabeth Heaton in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. After graduating with a B. A. and M. A. from Southern Methodist University in 1968, Moore earned a Ph. D. from the Claremont School of Theology. In 1976, she married Allen Moore. Moore is an ordained deacon in the United Methodist Church. On January 1, 2009, she succeeded Ray L. Hart as Dean of Boston University School of Theology, she is the first woman to hold the position of dean at the Boston University School of Theology, is the fifth woman to hold a presidential role at a United Methodist Church theological school.

Education for Continuity and Change: A New Model for Christian Religious Education Teaching from the Heart: Theology and Educational Method Ministering with the Earth Teaching from the Heart: Theology and Educational Method Covenant and Call: Mission of the Future Church Teaching as a Sacramental Act Hermeneutics and Empirical Research in Practical Theology Children and Spirituality in a Troubling World A Living Tradition: Critical Recovery and Reconstruction of Wesleyan Heritage Moore has published more than 50 articles and book chapters since 1982. Mary Elizabeth Moore Faculty Profile on BU School of Theology website Mary Elizabeth Moore Narrative Teaching: An Organic Methodology 1988

Mabel B. Dunn

Laura Mabel Blackstock Dunn was an American clubwoman. Laura Mabel Blackstock was born in Ventura, California, on August 7, 1880, the daughter of Judge Nehemiah Blackstock and Abigail "Abbie" Smith. Nehemiah practiced law there for about 30 years and in 1897 was appointed to the State Railroad Commission; the family moved to Los Angeles in 1905. Mabel B. Dunn was active in club affairs, she was the curator of the Shakespeare section of the Highland Park Ebell Club in Los Angeles. She was a member of the Friday Morning Club and Kate Tupper Galpin Club. In 1906 Mabel Blackstock married Oliver Dunn, an early resident of the Oxnard area, had two children: Oliver Charles Dunn and Gerald/Gerold Camarillo Dunn, they first lived at Camarillo and moved to 5409 Pasadena Ave. Los Angeles, CaliforniaWith the help of his father-in-law, Oliver Dunn became vice-president and trust officer of the Merchant Bank & Trust Co. of Los Angeles. In 1911 he opened the International Indemnity Company, he died in 1912 for blood disease.

She died on April 9, 1968, is buried with her family at Forest Lawn Memorial Park


In Greek mythology, Caeneus SEN-yoos was a Lapith hero of Thessaly. According to Book XII of Ovid's Metamorphoses, he was a woman, daughter of Atrax. In Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica, he is noted as the great father of a lesser son, who sailed forth among the Argonauts; the striking mythic image of this hero is that, indomitable through his more-than-human power, his enemies the Centaurs resorted to driving him into the ground with timbers. Caenis was a woman, abducted and raped by the god Poseidon, who had raped Medusa and caused her to be cast out by her patroness Athena. After raping Caenis, Poseidon was promised to grant Caenis a wish. Caenis was so distraught that she demanded to be changed into a man, so that she might never be wronged again. Poseidon granted this wish, gave Caenis impenetrable skin. Thereafter, the spelling of Caenis was changed to Caeneus to mark his transformation. Caeneus is said to have died in the battle between the centaurs. In the Iliad Nestor numbers Caeneus among an earlier generation of heroes of his youth, "the strongest men that Earth has bred, the strongest men against the strongest enemies, a savage mountain-dwelling tribe whom they utterly destroyed".

In Ovid's description of the tale, a particular centaur, mocks Caeneus and denies his skill as a fighter when he realizes that Caeneus is female. Caeneus strikes Latreus a blow in the side, is unharmed by the centaur's last attempts at wounding him. In revenge for this, the centaurs piled pine-tree trunks and stones upon him, since he was immune to weapons. There are several descriptions of Caeneus' fate. One vase, for instance, depicts him as sinking down into the earth and buried at the waist. Ovid states; this version of the ending is given by two witnesses and the "son of Ampycus", as well as Nestor, who tells the story. Caeneus' legend is found in Metamorphoses, where he is mentioned as a participant in the hunt for the Calydonian Boar; some time after this appearance, Nestor tells the story of Caeneus to Achilles in fuller detail, describing his transformation from female to male. In Ovid's retelling, placed in the mouth of the aged Homeric hero Nestor, the daughter of Elatus and Hippea, was raped by Poseidon, who fulfilled her request to be changed into a man so that she could never be raped again.

Caenis changed his name to Caeneus and became a warrior, traveling all over Thessaly, taking part in the hunt for the Calydonian Boar. Virgil says that Aeneas sees him, having been returned to his original female form by the Fates, in the Fields of Mourning as he visits the underworld in Book Six of the Aeneid, he was mentioned in the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women. Gardner, Ernest. "Caeneus and the Centaurs: A Vase at Harrow". The Journal of Hellenic Studies; the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies. 17: 294–305. Doi:10.2307/623831. JSTOR 623831. Françoise LECOCQ. « Caeneus auis unica est-il le phénix? ». Le phénix et son Autre. Poétique d'un mythe, dir. L. Gosserez, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, collection Interférences, p. 211-220. Homer, Iliad, I, 262–8 Ovid, Metamorphoses VIII, 305. Encyclopædia Britannica, s.v. "Caeneus" Images of Caenis/Caeneus in the Warburg Institute Iconographic Database

Donald Griffin

Donald Redfield Griffin was an American professor of zoology at various universities who did seminal research in animal behavior, animal navigation, acoustic orientation and sensory biophysics. In 1938, while an undergraduate at Harvard University, he began studying the navigational method of bats, which he identified as animal echolocation in 1944. In The Question of Animal Awareness, he argued. Griffin was born on August 3, 1915 in Southampton, New York and attended Harvard University, where he was awarded bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees. After serving on the faculty of Cornell University he became a professor at his alma mater and worked at Rockefeller University. While at Harvard in the late 1930s, Griffin worked with Robert Galambos on studies of animal echolocation. Griffin conducted preliminary tests during the summer of 1939 when he was a research fellow at the Edmund Niles Huyck Preserve and Biological Research Station in Rensselaerville, New York, he set up a minimal bat flight facility in a 9-by-7 square-foot room in a barn and measured the ability of bats to avoid obstacles by having them fly through a barrier of metal wires suspended from a ceiling.

The remaining work was done at Harvard's Physical Laboratories. Using sound capture technology, developed by physicist G. W. Pierce and Pierce were able to determine that bats generate and hear sounds an octave higher than can be heard by humans and other animals. Experiments they conducted used methods developed by Hallowell Davis to monitor the brains of bats and their hearing responses as they navigated their way past wires suspended from a laboratory ceiling, they showed how bats used echolocation to avoid obstacles, which they were unable to do if their mouths or ears were kept shut. Griffin coined the term "echolocation" in 1944 to describe the phenomenon, which many physiologists of the day could not believe was possible. During World War II, Griffin worked for National Defense Research Committee where he supported the approval of the bat bomb. At a time when animal thinking was a topic deemed unfit for serious research, Griffin became a pioneer in the field of cognitive ethology, starting research in 1978 that studied how animals think.

His observations of the sophisticated abilities of animals to gather food and interact with their environment and each other led him to conclude that animals were conscious, thinking beings, not the mere automatons, postulated. In its obituary, The New York Times credited Griffin as "the only reason that animal thinking was given consideration at all". While critics argue that cognitive ethology is anthropomorphic and subjective, those in the field have studied the ways that animals form concepts and mental states based on their interactions with their environment, showing how animals base their actions and anticipate the responses of other sentient beings, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1952. In 1958 he was awarded the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal from the National Academy of Sciences, he was a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Griffin was the Director of the Institute for Research in Animal Behavior, in the 1960s, formed as a collaboration between Rockefeller University and the New York Zoological Society.

A resident of Lexington, Massachusetts since his 1986 departure from Rockefeller University, Griffin died at his home there at age 88 on November 7, 2003. He was survived by a son. Listening in the Dark Echoes of Bats and Men Anchor Books. LCCN 59--12051 Animal Structure and Function Holt and Winston Bird Migration: The Biology and Physics of Orientation Behaviour London: Heinemann Animal Structure and Function Holt and Winston Question of Animal Awareness ISBN 0-86576-002-0 Animal Thinking Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-03713-8 Animal Minds Animal Minds: Beyond Cognition to Consciousness ISBN 0-226-30865-0 "Windows on nonhuman minds," in Michel Weber and Anderson Weekes, Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology and Philosophy of Mind, New York, State University of New York Press, 2009, pp. 219 sq. National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir