Edwin D. Morgan
Edwin Denison Morgan was the 21st Governor of New York from 1859 to 1862 and served in the United States Senate from 1863 to 1869. He was the first and longest-serving chairman of the Republican National Committee and he was a Union Army general during the American Civil War. Morgan was born in Washington, Massachusetts on February 8,1811 to Jasper, the family moved to Windsor, where Morgan received his early education. Edwin Morgan was a cousin of Morgan G. Bulkeley, the Governor of Connecticut from 1889 to 1893 and he began his business career as a grocer in Hartford, Connecticut. He became a partner with his uncle and served on the city council, in 1836, he removed to New York City and became a successful wholesaler and banker. Morgan & Company, a house, in partnership with George D. Morgan, his cousin, and Frederick Avery. Solon Humphreys was taken in as a partner in 1854 after working several years as an agent in St. Louis. Largely through his connections, the became the principal agent for Missouri securities.
All the while the firm maintained its wholesale grocery trade, in 1849, Morgan was elected as a member of the New York City Board of Assistant Aldermen. He made a name for himself as chairman of the Sanitary Committee during the epidemic of 1848. He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1850 to 1853, Morgan became highly influential in Republican politics of his time and twice served as chairman of the Republican National Committee,1856 to 1864 and 1872 to 1876. From 1859 until 1862, he served as Governor of New York, in February 1863, he was elected to the U. S. Senate, and served one term until 1869. In January 1869, he sought re-nomination, but was voted down by the Republican caucus of State legislators who instead nominated Ex-Governor Reuben E. Fenton, in 1876, Morgan ran again for Governor but was defeated by Democrat Lucius Robinson. In 1881, Morgan was nominated by President Chester A. Arthur as Treasury Secretary and was confirmed by the Senate, in 1833, he married Eliza Matilda Waterman, daughter of Henry Waterman.
Together, they had, Edwin D. Morgan died in New York City on February 14,1883 and he was buried at the Cedar Hill Cemetery in Hartford. His 2x great-grandson was Edwin D. Morgan and Pioneer Fund director from 2000-2001, list of American Civil War generals Finding Aid to Edwin D. Morgan Papers, 1833-1883 at the New York State Library, accessed January 4,2016 United States Congress. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, mr. Lincoln and New York, Edwin D. Morgan Eicher, John H. and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands
Henry Clay Payne
For other people with the same name, see Henry Payne. Postmaster General from 1902 to 1904 under Pres and he died in office and was buried at Forest Home Cemetery in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was a chairman of the Republican National Committee, Payne was born in Ashfield, Franklin County, Massachusetts, on November 23,1843, though his birth is sometimes listed incorrectly as September 23. He spent his youth in Massachusetts, and attempted to enlist for the Union Army, in 1859, he was graduated from the Academy of Shelburne Falls. In 1863, he moved to Milwaukee, where he work as a dry goods merchant. In 1872 he began his career with the Young Mens Republican Club of Milwaukee County. He worked his way up to secretary and chairman for the organization. In 1876, Payne was appointed Postmaster of Milwaukee, a position he held for the ten years. In his duties as president of Milwaukee Electric Railway and Light, Payne instituted free park concerts at many of Milwaukees parks and he died on October 4,1904.
History of Milwaukee from its first settlement to the year 1895, chicago and New York, American Biographical Publishing Co. Henry Clay Payne at Find a Grave
Marshall Jewell was a manufacturer, pioneer telegrapher, telephone entrepreneur, world traveler, and political figure who served as 44th and 46th Governor of Connecticut, the U. S. Minister to Russia, the 25th United States Postmaster General, distinguished for his fine china skin, grey eyes, and white eyebrows, was popularly known as the Porcelain Man. As Postmaster General, Jewell made reforms and was intent on cleaning up the Postal Service from internal corruption, Postmaster Jewell aided Secretary of the Treasury Benjamin H. Bristow shut down and prosecute the Whiskey Ring. President Grant, became suspicious of Jewells loyalty after Jewell fired a Boston postmaster over non payment of a surety bond, a native of New Hampshire, Jewell was the son of a prominent tanner and currier, having apprenticed in his fathers tannery business. Jewell moved to Boston where he learned the art of being a currier, in 1847, Jewell moved to Hartford where he worked for his fathers business as a currier. Jewell stopped working as a currier and became a telegrapher, where he worked in New York, Ohio.
Jewell was a Whig who supported the election of Zachary Taylor to the office of the Presidency, having supported Taylor, Jewell moved to Mississippi where he was elected General Superintendent of Telegraphers. Jewell moved back to New York in 1849, and in 1850 he returned to his fathers tannery business having entered into partnership with his father. Between 1859 and 1860, Jewell traveled to and visited Europe on business connected with the tannery firm, in 1865 Jewell returned to Europe and traveled to Egypt and the Holy Land. Having returned to the United States, Jewell, a Republican, ran for Connecticut state senator in 1867, however, in 1868, Jewell ran for the office of Connecticut Governor, however, he lost the election. Jewell ran again the year and was elected Governor of Connecticut having served from 1869 until 1870. Jewell was reelected to the governorship in 1871 having served until 1873, Jewell was a presidential candidate at the 1876 Republican National Convention and served as the chairman of the Republican National Committee from 1880 until 1883.
Having returned to Connecticut, Jewell became a merchant, having invested in the Hartford Evening Post. He died in 1883 in New Haven and was interred at Cedar Hill Cemetery in Hartford, Marshall Jewell was born in Winchester, New Hampshire on October 25,1825. His father, Pliny Jewell, native of Hartford, was a prominent tanner and currier and his elder brother was named Harvey Jewell. The young Marshall received an education at common schools. At an early age Jewell apprenticed for his father in the business working as a day laborer until the age of 18. Jewell moved to Woburn where he learned the skill of being a currier, Jewell returned to his fathers tannery business in Hartford where he worked in the currier shop for two years
Centre-left and centre-right politics both involve a general association with centrism combined with leaning somewhat to their respective sides of the spectrum. It has been suggested that individuals vote for centrist parties for purely statistical reasons, Centrists usually support a degree of equal opportunity and economic freedom. They can generally lean conservative on issues and lean liberal on social issues. However, centrism itself is location-dependent and exact policies can vary depending on geographical, Indian National Congress was centrist in its ideology. It is one of the oldest parties in the world, under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru the party sought to build a modern secular democratic republic in India. Its support is has different ups and downs from the late 1990s, people change their support base to other political parties but choose it again after period of 5 years. It acts as a party, presently, in Indian Parliament. There have been centrists in both sides of politics, who alongside the various factions within the Liberal and Labor parties.
In addition, there are a number of groups that have formed in response to the bipartisan system who uphold centrist ideals. South Australian Senator Nick Xenophon had launched his own centrist political party called the Nick Xenophon Team in 2014, the Palmer United Party has been suggested as being a centrist party as well, the party itself does not make such formal claims of being politically centrist. The Australian Sex Party is a centrist political party and they have just one seat and control the balance of power, with a huge political responsibility within the Victorian Legislative Council since 2014. The New Flemish Alliance is the largest, and since 2009, among French speaking Belgians the Humanist Democratic Centre is a centre-right or centre party as it is considerably less conservative than its Flemish counterpart, Christian Democratic & Flemish. Another party in the centre of the spectrum is the liberal Reformist Movement. The Liberals are currently the largest party in Canadas House of Commons, some may argue that the Liberal Party is more of a Centre-Left a Centrist party.
Czech Republic has two main centrist political parties which are currently in the government, liberal ANO and Christian democratic Christian, france has a tradition of parties that call themselves centriste. The most notable centrist party, often called liberal, was the Union for French Democracy, among its successors belongs the small Centrist Alliance, the most successful of them is the Democratic Movement of François Bayrou, founded in 2007. However, the centrist parties often oppose to the parties such as Socialists. It often support the centre-right Gaullist parties and join several coalitions governed by Jacques Chirac, zentrismus is a term only known to experts, as it is easily confused with Zentralismus, so the usual term in German for the political centre/centrism is politische Mitte
Harry Stewart New
Harry Stewart New was a U. S. politician and Spanish–American War veteran. He served as Chairman of the Republican National Committee, a United States Senator from Indiana, harry Stewart New was born in Indianapolis, Indiana on December 31,1858, the son of John C. New and his wife, Melissa New and his father served as Treasurer of the United States and his uncle, Jeptha D. New, was a U. S. Representative. He attended Butler University before going to work with the Indianapolis Journal where he was a reporter, part owner and he served in the Indiana State Senate from 1896 to 1900 and served in the Spanish–American War as captain and assistant adjutant general of the 7th Army Corps. He was a member of the Republican National Committee from 1900 to 1912, serving as chairman from 1907 to 1908, New got back into politics when he was elected to the United States Senate in 1916, defeating incumbent John W. Kern. In the Senate, he served as chairman of the Committee on Territories and he was a wet or an anti-prohibitionist, and in August 1919 introduced early legislation proposing an independent United States Air Force.
In late March 1922, New became the first senator to use radio in his campaign—at that time, broadcasting a political speech was not widely done by candidates. His speech was transmitted by a U. S. Navy station, NOF in Washington and this in turn quickly led to a ban on further use of the station for political activities. New was defeated by Albert J. Beveridge for renomination in 1922 who lost the election to Samuel M. Ralston. He was appointed Postmaster General in the cabinet of President Warren G. Harding in 1923 and was reappointed by Calvin Coolidge in 1925, after the end of the Coolidge Administration, New retired from active business pursuits and resided in Washington, D. C. In 1933, he was appointed a United States Commissioner to the Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago and he died in Baltimore, Maryland, on May 9,1937, and was interred in Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, harry Stewart New at Find a Grave
Warwick, Rhode Island
Warwick is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, United States. It is the second largest city in the state, with a population of 82,672 at the 2010 census, the city of Warwick and T. F. Green Airport are located approximately 12 miles south of downtown Providence,63 miles southwest of Boston and its mayor has been Scott Avedisian since 2000. Warwick was founded by Samuel Gorton in 1642 and has witnessed major events in American history and it was decimated during King Philips War and was the site of the Gaspee Affair, a significant prelude to the American Revolution. Warwick is the home of revolutionary war general Nathanael Greene, George Washingtons second-in-command, Warwick is home to Rhode Islands main airport T. F. Green Airport, which serves the Providence area and functions as a reliever for Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts. It is the home of the 43rd Military Police Brigade of the Rhode Island Army National Guard, Warwick was founded in 1642 by Samuel Gorton when Narragansett Indian Chief Sachem Miantonomi agreed to accept 144 fathoms of Wampum for what was known as The Shawhomett Purchase.
This included the present day towns of Coventry and West Warwick, the purchase was not without dispute. The two sachems of the area and Pumham, stated that Miantonomi had sold the land without asking for their approval and they took their case to Boston, where they placed their lands under Massachusetts rule. In 1643, Massachusetts Bay Colony sent a force to Shawomett to arrest Gorton. After a tense standoff, all but three of the Gortonists surrendered to the Massachusetts force and this event caused the other three settlements on Narragansett Bay to unite and get a royal charter allowing them to form the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. In 1648, Gorton was granted a Charter by Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, Lord Admiral, because of this, the name of the settlement was changed from Shawhomett to Warwick. Massachusetts continued to lay claim to the area, but it no further effort to enforce it. In 1772, Warwick was the scene of the first violent act against the Crown in what came to be called the Gaspee Affair.
Local patriots mooned and boarded the Gaspee, a revenue cutter charged with enforcing the Stamp Act 1765 and Townshend Acts in Narragansett Bay where smuggling was common. It was here that the first blood was spilled in the American Revolution when Gaspees commanding officer Lt. Dudingston was shot in his crotch while resisting the taking of his ship, the Gaspee was stripped of all cannon and arms before being torched. During the Revolution, Warwick militiamen participated in the battles of Montreal, Saratoga and Trenton, T. F. Green Airport is a station on the Providence/Stoughton Commuter Rail Line, providing weekday service to Providence Station and Bostons South Station. Warwick is located at 41°43′N 71°25′W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.6 square miles, of which,35.5 square miles of it is land and 14.1 square miles of it is water. The following villages are located in Warwick, Warwick is officially a part of the Providence metropolitan area, as of the census of 2000, there were 85,808 people,35,517 households, and 22,979 families residing in the city
John Fremont Hill
John Fremont Hill was an American capitalist and politician. He served in a number of positions in Maine government, including as the 45th Governor of Maine from 1901 to 1905 and he graduated from the Medical School of Maine in 1877 and studied at the Long Island College Hospital Medical School, but practiced medicine only a year. In 1879 he became a member of the law firm of J. F. Hill & Co. in Augusta and he was active in many railroad, steamship and banking enterprises. He was acting chairman in 1908-1911, and chairman in 1911-1912, dr. Hill married Lizzie G. Vickery, daughter of the Hon. Peleg O. Vickery, on May 19,1880. They had one child, Percy Vickery Hill, born on March 16,1881, Lizzie died on April 10,1893. Dr. Hill married Laura Ligget, née Colman, widow of Hiriam S. Liggett and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Gilman, D. C. Thurston, H. T. Colby, F. M. eds. article name needed
Matthew Stanley Matt Quay was a Pennsylvania political boss once dubbed a kingmaker by President Benjamin Harrison. Quay was born in Dillsburg, and graduated from the now known as Washington and Jefferson College. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and began to practice in 1854, during the American Civil War, he served in the Union Army as a member of the 134th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, which he commanded as a colonel. Quay received the Medal of Honor for heroism at the battle of Fredericksburg and he served as the Pennsylvania Militias assistant commissary general, and as a personal assistant to Governor Andrew Curtin. Quays attention soon focused on politics, and he served in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1865 to 1867 and he served as Secretary of the Commonwealth, Philadelphia County Recorder, and Pennsylvania Treasurer. Quay served in the United States Senate twice, the first time from 1887 to 1899, from 1888 to 1891, Quay was Chairman of the Republican National Committee.
Quay died in Beaver in 1904, and was buried at Beaver Cemetery, the Matthew S. Quay House in Beaver has been designated as a National Historic Landmark. In addition, another of his residences, the Roberts-Quay House in Philadelphia was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, Quay was born in Dillsburg, York County, the son of Catherine and Anderson Beaton Quay, a Presbyterian preacher. After attending Beaver and Indiana academies, he graduated at Jefferson College in 1850, Quay was admitted to the bar in 1854. Prior to the start of the Civil War, Quay won election to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, at the start of the American Civil War, Quay was a colonel with 134th Pennsylvania volunteers. He served in various capacities in the Civil War, including as Assistant Commissary General of Pennsylvania, Congress awarded him the Medal of Honor for gallantry at the battle of Fredericksburg. Quays conduct during the war earned him the attention of Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin, in 1864, Quay was elected to the Pennsylvania legislature, serving from 1865–1867.
He was a companion of the Pennsylvania Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, after the war, Quay became an ally of party boss Simon Cameron, who founded a state machine that included his son, future Senator Donald Cameron. Quay became the editor of a newspaper called the Radical, where Quay defended the spoils system and he was appointed by the governor as Secretary of the Commonwealth from 1873–1878, and again from 1879–1882. He was appointed as the County Recorder of Philadelphia from 1878–1879 and he was elected by the legislature in 1887 to the United States Senate, serving from March 4,1887 until March 3,1899, with repeated re-elections. Shortly after his election to the Senate, Quay outmaneuvered fellow Senator Donald Cameron to become the boss of the state Republican Party, Quay was elected as chairman of the Republican National Committee in 1888. Quay served as Benjamin Harrisons campaign manager in the 1888 presidential election, in the 1896 presidential election, Quay finished third on the Republican National Conventions presidential ballot.
Quay aided New York party boss Thomas C. Platt in making Theodore Roosevelt the partys presidential nominee in 1900
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party, commonly referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party. The party is named after republicanism, the dominant value during the American Revolution and it was founded by anti-slavery activists, modernists, ex-Whigs, and ex-Free Soilers in 1854. The Republicans dominated politics nationally and in the majority of northern States for most of the period between 1860 and 1932, there have been 19 Republican presidents, the most from any one party. The Republican Partys current ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats more progressive platform, its platform involves support for free market capitalism, free enterprise, fiscal conservatism, a strong national defense and restrictions on labor unions. In addition to advocating for economic policies, the Republican Party is socially conservative. As of 2017, the GOP is documented as being at its strongest position politically since 1928, in addition to holding the Presidency, the Republicans control the 115th United States Congress, having majorities in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The party holds a majority of governorships and state legislatures, the main cause was opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise by which slavery was kept out of Kansas. The Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil, the first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement where the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party was held on March 20,1854, in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin. The name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jeffersons Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 6,1854, in Jackson and it oversaw the preserving of the union, the end of slavery, and the provision of equal rights to all men in the American Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861–1877. The Republicans initial base was in the Northeast and the upper Midwest, with the realignment of parties and voters in the Third Party System, the strong run of John C. Fremont in the 1856 United States presidential election demonstrated it dominated most northern states, early Republican ideology was reflected in the 1856 slogan free labor, free land, free men, which had been coined by Salmon P.
Chase, a Senator from Ohio. Free labor referred to the Republican opposition to labor and belief in independent artisans. Free land referred to Republican opposition to the system whereby slaveowners could buy up all the good farm land. The Party strove to contain the expansion of slavery, which would cause the collapse of the slave power, representing the fast-growing western states, won the Republican nomination in 1860 and subsequently won the presidency. The party took on the mission of preserving the Union, and destroying slavery during the American Civil War, in the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. The partys success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s and those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished and was continued mostly to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant ran Horace Greeley for the presidency. The Stalwarts defended Grant and the system, the Half-Breeds led by Chester A.
Arthur pushed for reform of the civil service in 1883
Thomas H. Carter
Thomas Henry Carter was a territorial delegate, a United States Representative, and a U. S. He made a name for himself within the national Republican Party, Carter was born to Irish immigrant parents on October 30,1854, in a small village known as Junior Furnace, near Portsmouth, Scioto County, Ohio. His parents and Margaret Carter, came to the United States in 1849 or 1850 following the Irish Potato Famine. They were married in Wheeling, West Virginia, shortly after their arrival in the U. S. Edward converting to Catholicism from the Anglican Church due to Margarets influence, the Carters settled in Junior Furnace, Ohio by 1852 when their first son, was born. Shortly after Thomas birth in 1854 the family moved to a farm a few miles from Junior Furnace. Following the end of the Civil War in 1865, the Carters used their savings and moved to Pana, Edward Carter instilled in his children a love for reading and with it a love of learning. For several years, Carter worked as a salesman for a book publisher based in Burlington.
Thomas and his sisters formed a bond in these years in Burlington as he supported them. After many long years of studying the law, Carter finally passed the bar examination in Nebraska while there on a business trip, in May 1882, at the advice of friends, he moved from Burlington to Helena, ostensibly to begin his law career there. After a brief stint selling books again, he formed a law partnership with Helena lawyer, within a year of arriving in Helena, Carter sent for his sisters and brother in Burlington to join him. From his childhood Carter nurtured a relationship with the Catholic Church. On January 27,1886, Carter married Ellen Lillian Galen at the cathedral in St. Paul and she was the daughter of Montana pioneers, Hugh F. Galen and Matilda Gillogly Galen. Carters first foray into public office in Montana was in the role of administrator for Lewis. In 1888, he was nominated as the Republican candidate for the position of Territorial Delegate to Congress, in the general election in November he faced Butte copper king and Democrat William Clark, making his first of numerous attempts at federal office.
Montanas Irish voters, who disliked Clark, likely helped Carter to victory and this particular election is said to have initiated the famous War of the Copper Kings. Nonetheless, Carter was elected as a Delegate to Congress and served a term from March 4,1889, to November 7,1889. Carter was a candidate in 1890 for reelection, losing a close election to Butte lawyer and Democrat William W. Dixon by 283 votes. President Benjamin Harrison appointed Carter as the Commissioner of the General Land Office from 1891 to 1892 and he was the first Catholic to be the chairman of the Republican Party
Robert J. Healey
Robert J. Bob Healey, Jr. was an American attorney, educator and political activist. He was the founder of Rhode Islands Cool Moose Party, the states third-largest political party from 1994 until 2002, Healey ran for Governor or Lieutenant Governor a total of seven times. Running as an independent candidate in 2010, he won 39% of the vote for Lieutenant Governor, as the Moderate Party nominee for Governor in 2014, Healey won 22% of the vote while spending less than $40 on the campaign. Robert J. Healey was born in Providence, Rhode Island to Robert J. Healey Sr. and his father was a plumber and his mother a factory worker. He grew up in Warren, Rhode Island, and graduated from Warren High School in 1975, in 1983 he began a PhD program at Columbia University, but after he had completed all the requirements, his dissertation supervisor died and he could not find a replacement. He was elected to the Warren School Committee in 1982, serving as Chairman until 1986 and his election slogan was A Strange Man for a Strange Job.
He ran for Governor as an independent in 1986, after his first run for Governor, Healey was Secretary of the Bristol County Bar association. The Cool Moose Party was founded by Healey in 1994 during his gubernatorial campaign. The partys platform is to break down the barriers that have kept common sense out of our government. Healey won 9% of the vote in 1994, in 1996, twenty CMP candidates ran for office, all were defeated. In 1998, the Cool Moose Party successfully sued the state of Rhode Island to change its laws regarding primary elections. Cool Moose Party v. State of Rhode Island has been referenced in other court decisions relating to third-party candidates. Healey ran for Lieutenant Governor in 2002,2006, and 2010, in 2010 he ran on a platform of abolishing the office, as it has no constitutionally-mandated duties outside of waiting for the governor to become incapacitated. Running against incumbent Lieutenant Governor Elizabeth Roberts in that election, Healey won 39% of the vote after Republican Heidi Rogers dropped out so as not to split the abolish the office vote, in September 2014, Healey announced he was running for Governor as a Moderate Party candidate.
His announcement came after the original Moderate nominee, James Spooner, Healey has stated he will not accept any funding, instead opting for a guerilla campaign for a cerebral revolution. Shortly after he filed his candidacy, the Rhode Island GOP challenged the legality of the move on procedural grounds, the state board of elections found that Healey was in fact eligible to replace Spooner on the ballot. Healey came in 3rd with 21. 4% of the election votes, Healey has invested in several business ventures. A liquor wholesaling company that he founded with a partner was very successful and Healey sold out his stake and he has exported California wines to Uruguay, imported tableware from Uruguay, started an ice cream business, a wine and cheese outlet, and a yachting service
J. Donald Cameron
James Donald Cameron was an American politician from Pennsylvania who served as Secretary of War under President Ulysses S. Grant and in the United States Senate for nearly twenty years. In May,1876 Cameron was part of a Cabinet realignment by President Grant, having been appointed after a brief tenure by Secretary Alphonso Taft, whom Grant appointed U. S. Attorney General. Former Secretary William W. Belknap had resigned office, was impeached by the House for taking profit money from the Fort Sill tradership, put on trial in the Senate. Secretary Cameron was one of two combinations that served as Secretary of War. Secretary Simon Cameron was Camerons father who served under President Abraham Lincoln, the other father-son combination was Secretary Alphonso Taft and his son Secretary William Howard Taft. Military was challenged by the Great Sioux War and by the threat of a second Southern secession after the election of President Rutherford B. Hayes that ended Reconstruction. Cameron proved to be an administrator and his appointment as Secretary of War launched his lengthy political career in the Senate.
Cameron was raised and educated near Harrisburg, after graduating from Princeton College, Cameron worked in the banking and railroad industries. In May 1876, Cameron was appointed Secretary of War by President Ulysses S. Grant serving until March 1877, after leaving the Grant Cabinet, Cameron served as Pennsylvanias U. S. Senator from 1877 to 1897, having served as chairman on two powerful Senate committees, in 1890, Senator Cameron supported the Federal Elections Bill that enforced African American voting rights in the South. After leaving the Senate, Cameron worked in industrial businesses until his death in 1918. Cameron was the last surviving member of the Grant Administration. Cameron was commonly referred to as Don, having received his elementary education in Harrisburg, Cameron enrolled in Princeton College, he graduated with a bachelor of arts in 1852 and received a master of arts degree in 1855. After leaving Princeton, Camerons father Simon placed Cameron as a clerk at the successful Middleton Bank, whose investments were in the iron, coal.
Cameron worked his way up to being Cashier and President of the bank, from 1866 to December 1874 Cameron was President of the Northern Central. As bank President, Cameron was able to improve the condition of the railroad. After leaving the Railroad, Cameron worked in industrial enterprises in Pennsylvania. In 1876, President Ulysses S. Camerons predecessor, Alphonso Taft, had initially replaced William W. Belknap, the Secretary of War had been given control over all Indian traderships in 1870