Kimolos is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea. It lies near the bigger island of Milos. Kimolos is the administrative center of the municipality of Kimolos, which includes the uninhabited islands of Polyaigos, Agios Efstathios and Agios Georgios; the island has a land area of 36 square kilometres, while the municipality's land area is 53.251 square kilometres, it reported a population of 910 inhabitants in the 2011 census. Kimolos is an island with rich history records. According to tradition, it is named after Kimolos, the first resident of the island. Echinousa is a recorded name of the island during the ancient times because of the snake Echidna, being common today on the island. Since the ancient era, it was a battlefield between Ancient Athens, the ruler of the island, Sparta, the ruler of Milos. In the Middle Ages it was known as Argentiera, because of the silver-colored rocky lands of its southern coast. Since those times, these rocky lands provided Kimolia Gi-Kimolian Earth, a valuable trade good, which made the island a major trade hub.
It was ruled by the Ottoman Empire until 1829, when it was annexed by the Greek state along with the rest of the Cyclades. Kimolos lies to the northwest of larger Milos island, separated from it by a 1 km wide channel, it is round-shaped 7 km in radius. The island has a total area of 36 square kilometres; the highest point is mount Paleokastro, at 364 metres The only town is Chorio, located on a hill on the west of the island. There are smaller settlements of Psathi, Kara, Aliki and Dekas. To the east of Kimolos lies the island of Polyaigos, half its size. Polyaigos is the largest uninhabited island of Aegean, it is part of the municipality of Kimolos. Kimolos and the smaller islands that surround them belong to the Aegean volcanic arc and consist of acidic volcanic rocks. In some places, the pre-volcanic bedrock can be observed. Large areas of Kimolos are covered by tuffs and the volcanic activity can be obvious from the hot springs, existence of a notable geothermal field, the characteristic landscape and strange landforms.
The island is rich in minerals of the silica group and in significant industrial minerals. One of the most famous geologic formations on Kimolos is Skiadi. Skiadi is a huge mushroom-shaped stone that dominates the middle of a small valley in the interior of the island, it is created by a process called ablation, in which the dust carried by the wind continuously scratches the rock, eroding the softer layers at the bottom much more than the harder layers at the top. Through centuries, the stone has been shaped into a unique form. According to the last censuses, the population of Kimolos is decreasing, no more than 600 residents remain during winter; the underage population is no more than 100, according to the school records. Most of the working population is involved with the tourist industry of the island in combination with agriculture activities during winter. After the municipal/prefectural elections held in October 2006, the mayor of the island for the period 2007-2010 was Theodoros-Gerasimos Maganiotis, who publishes the only newspaper of the island, Kimoliaka Nea.
However, the current mayor of Kimolos is Ventouris Emanuel Konstantinos. Kimolos has a local Police Department; the Kimolos Port Authority is a department of Milos Coast Guard. Kimolos is part of the Milos regional unit. Internal On the island all vehicles are permitted, but during the summer months, the lack of parking space is the most important problem in populated areas, such as Chorio Kimolou and Psathi. Common kinds of fuels are available at the local fuel station. There are public means of transport, such as bus and taxi, performing routes to popular beaches. External Kimolos belongs to the line of the Western Cyclades and it's connected to nearby islands and Piraeus port of Athens via year-round ferry boat and a catamaran ferry running only during the tourist season. Routes frequency varies with the season. During the tourist period, it has daily connection to Piraeus and other islands. Transport via Milos is possible, because of the frequent connection of the two islands with local ferry boat.
Kimolos is a station for the local connections between Cyclades islands. Kimon Digenis, military officer List of islands of Greece The Official Website of the Municipality of Kimolos Kimolos Travel Guide A View of Kimolos from Milos
Astypalaia, is a Greek island with 1,334 residents. It belongs to an archipelago of twelve major islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea; the island is 18 kilometres long, 13 kilometres wide at the most, covers an area of 97 km2. Along with numerous smaller uninhabited offshore islets, it forms the Municipality of Astypalaia, part of the Kalymnos regional unit; the municipality has an area of 114.077 km2. The capital and the previous main harbour of the island is Astypalaia or Chora, as it is called by the locals. Astypalea was believed to be named after an ancient Greek mythological figure; the island is known in Italian as Stampalia and in Ottoman Turkish as İstanbulya The coasts of Astypalaia are rocky with many small pebble-strewn beaches. A small band of land of 126 metres wide separates the island in two sections at Stenó. A new harbour has been built in Agios Andreas on the mid island from where now the connections are west and east with Piraeus and the other islands of the Dodecanese. Flight connections with Athens from the airport close to Maltezana.
Villages: Astypalea or Chora, Analipsi or Maltezana, Vathi Islets: Agía Kyriakí, Astypálaia, Avgó, Glynó, Zaforás, Kounoúpoi, Koutsomýti, Mesonísi, Ofidoússa, Plakída, Pontikoúsa, Stefánia, Sýrna, Fokionísia, Khondró, Khondronísi In Greek mythology, Astypalaia was a woman abducted by Poseidon in the form of a winged fish-tailed leopard. The island was colonized by Megara or Epidaurus, its governing system and buildings are known from numerous inscriptions. Pliny the Elder records, it was assigned to the Aegean Roman province of Insulae. During the Middle Ages it belonged to the Byzantines until 1207, when - in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade - it became a fief of the Querini, a noble Venetian family, until 1522; the Querini built a castle, still in place and added the name of the island to their family name, which became Querini Stampalia. Astypalaia was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1522, remained under Ottoman control until 1912, with two interruptions: from 1648 until 1668, during the Cretan War, it was occupied by Venice, from 1821 to 1828 during the Greek War of Independence.
On April 12, 1912, during the Italo-Turkish War, a detachment of the Regia Marina landed on Astypalaia, which thus became the first island of the Dodecanese to be occupied by Italy. From there the Italians, on the night between the 4 May, landed on Rhodes; the island remained under Italian governance until World War II. In a September 1943 naval battle near Astypalea, the Greek destroyer Vasilissa Olga together with the British destroyers HMS Faulknor and Eclipse sank a German convoy, consisting of the transports Pluto and Paolo. In 1947, through the Treaty of Paris, it became part of Greece along with the rest of the Dodecanese island group; the religious and political center of the classical city-state of Astypalaia was the hill crowned by the Querini castle. The modern town of Chora occupies the same site, worked stones from ancient monuments are reused in older houses as well as the castle. A one-room museum at Pera Gialos, on the shore near the old port, displays inscriptions, grave monuments, other artifacts from the island.
The earliest material on display is fragments of neolithic pottery. One case contains intact pottery, bronze weapons, stone tools from a pair of richly furnished Mycenaean chamber tombs excavated at Armenochori. At Kylindra, on the west flank of the castle hill, a unique graveyard has been excavated by the Greek archaeological service. At least 2700 newborns and small children, below the age of two, were buried in ceramic pots between 750 B. C. and Roman times. Since 2000, a team from University College London has undertaken systematic study of these remains and those of a contemporary cemetery for adults and older children excavated at Katsalos nearby. Kylindra was first excavated in 1996 by the 22nd Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, who dated Kylindra from the Late Archaic to the Early Classical periods, is the largest child and infant cemetery in the world, they dated the nearby adult cemetery, from the Geometric to the Roman Period. Skeletal remains of infants are rare amongst most cemetery excavations.
The collection of child and infant remains is housed at University College London, where the growth and developments of the children and infants through development of tissues, teeth structures are studied. The well-preserved mosaic floor of an early Christian basilica, decorated with geometric designs, lies underneath the chapel of Agia Varvara about 700 meters north of the small port of Analipsi, its monolithic columns and marble column bases were evidently reused from a Hellenistic or Roman-period religious building nearby. A few meters east of the harbor of Analipsi, at a site known as Tallaras, are the remains of a late Roman-era bath, its mosaic floors, including a Helios surrounded by the signs of the Zodiac, have been reburied by the Greek Archaeological Service, but photographs are on display at the museum. Mosaic floor fragments remain in situ at the ruined early Christian basilicas of Karekli and Agios Vasilios. Road s
Leros is a Greek island and municipality in the Dodecanese in the southern Aegean Sea. It lies 317 kilometres from Athens's port of Piraeus, from which it can be reached by an 8.5-hour ferry ride. Leros is part of the Kalymnos regional unit; the island has been called in Italian: Lero. The municipality has an area of 74.172 km2. The municipality includes the populated offshore island of Farmakonisi, as well as several uninhabited islets, including Levitha and Kinaros, had a 2011 census population of 7,917, although this figure swells to over 15,000 during the summer peak; the island has a coastline of 71 kilometres. It is known for its imposing medieval castle of the Knights of Saint John built on a Byzantine fortress. Nearby islands are Patmos, Lipsi and the small islands of Agia Kyriaki and Farmakos. In ancient times it was considered the island of Parthenos Iokallis and linked to the Hellenistic and Roman literature on Meleager and the Meleagrides; the administrative center and largest town is Agia Marina, with a population of 2,672 inhabitants.
Other sizable towns are Lákki, Xirókampos, Kamára, Álinda. Thucydides stressed the special importance of the bays and the harbours of Leros during the Peloponnesian War, where Leros supported the democratic Athenians. After the end of the war Leros came under the sovereignty of the Spartans; the island had a famous sanctuary of the goddess Artemis. It followed the fate of the rest of the Dodecanese Islands during the years of Alexander the Great and his successors, the Roman years and the Byzantine period. After the division of the Roman Empire, Leros was part of the Byzantine Empire. On the island of Farmaco east from Leros, a few miles from Didyma on the Turkish coast, Julius Caesar was held as a hostage by local pirates for forty days. During the Byzantine Age, the island was incorporated into the Theme of Samos. During the thirteenth century, the island was occupied by the Genoese and by the Venetians. In the year 1309, the Knights of St John fortified Leros. In 1505, the Ottoman Admiral Kemal Reis, with three galleys and seventeen other warships, besieged the castle but could not capture it.
The operation was repeated in 1508 with more ships. Legend has it that the island was rescued by the only surviving knight 18 years old, he dressed women and children in the armor of the dead defenders, convincing the Ottomans that the garrison of Leros was still strong. On 24 December 1522, following the siege of Rhodes, a treaty was signed between Sultan Suleiman and the Grand Master of the Knights, Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam, Leros, along with all the Aegean possessions of the Order, passed into Ottoman hands which ruled the island with brief interruptions during a period of four hundred years. During the Ottoman rule, along with the other islands, Leros enjoyed a privileged regime, with partial autonomy and self–government. During the Greek Revolution of 1821, the island was liberated and became an important base for the re-supplying of the Greek Navy. Administratively, it came under the jurisdiction of the Temporary Committee of the Eastern Sporades. With the Treaty of London, on 3 February 1830, which determined the borders of the newly established Greek state, the freed islands of the Eastern Sporades were given over to the Ottoman Empire again.
In the "Diary of the Prefecture of the Archipelago" of 1886, along with the islands of Patmos and Fournoi, belonged to the Ottomans. The island's administrative council was made up of both Turks. In 1912, during the Libyan War against the Ottoman Empire, Italy occupied all of the Dodecanese islands. On May 12, 1912, the island was seized by the sailors of the Italian Navy cruiser San Giorgio; the Greek inhabitants of the islands declared the autonomy of the islands under the title "The Aegean State", with the aim of unification with Greece, but with the outbreak of the First World War, these moves came to nothing, Italy retained control of the islands. From 1916 to 1918, the British used Leros as a naval base. In the Venizelos–Tittoni agreement of 1919, the island was to be returned to Greece, along with all of the Dodecanese except Rhodes, but after the Greek defeat in the Greco-Turkish War, Italy canceled the agreement; as a result, the Treaty of Lausanne confirmed the Italian possession of the Dodecanese.
The new Italian Fascist regime attempted to Italianize the Dodecanese, by making the Italian language compulsory, giving incentives to locals to adopt Italian nationality, clamping down on Greek institutions. During the 31 years that the Italians remained in Leros, they set up a great plan to build and fortify the island, since its strategic position and its large natural harbours, made it an ideal naval base; the fortification of Leros and the creation of a major naval base, ensured that the Italians had control over an area of vital interest to the Allies. Mussolini, who called Leros "the Corregidor of the Mediterranean", saw the island as a crucial base for the Italian domination of the eastern Aegean Sea. In the 1930s a new model town and major naval base, was built by the Italian authorities, it is one of the best examples of Italian Rationalist architecture. Mussolini was said to have a mansion for himself in the town. After Leros was transferred to Greece, it was renamed Lakki. From 1940, when Italy entered the Second World War on the side of Germany, Leros suffered bombing ra
Amorgos is the easternmost island of the Cyclades island group and the nearest island to the neighboring Dodecanese island group in Greece. Along with several neighboring islets, the largest of, Nikouria Island, it comprises the municipality of Amorgos, which has a land area of 126.346 square kilometres and a population of 1,973. Due to Amorgos' position opposite the ancient beaches of Ionian towns, such as Militos and Ephesos, it became one of the first places from which the Ionians passed through to the Cyclades Islands and onto the Greek mainland. Throughout history, Amorgos was known as Yperia, Patagy, or Platagy, Pagali and Karkisia. Amorgos features a lot of remnants of ancient civilizations. At the time of Archaic Greece, there were three independent city-states there, they are believed to have featured autonomous constitutions but the same currency. Amorgos is distinguished by the size and quality of the walls surrounding the city of Arkesini, by the ancient towers whose remains are scattered all over the island, by the ancient tombs, the stone tools, the inscriptions, the vases and by other antiquities.
Due to the name Minoa we suspect that Amorgos had been colonised by the Cretans from ancient times, but there are no archeological remains supporting this view. A dozen separate inhabited centres are known in this period. Amorgos is the origin of many famous Cycladic figurines. ‘Dokathismata style’ figurines were found here. Cycladic sculptures had been discovered from the cemeteries at Aghia Paraskevi, Aghios Pavlos, Kapros, Kapsala and Stavros.'Kapsala Cycladic figurines', dating around 2700 B. C. are named. This is the earliest of the'canonical types' – a reclining female with folded arms, they tend to have elongated proportions. At this time, anatomical features such as arms are modeled three-dimensionally. With the types, sculptors tended to render this feature with incised lines.'Dokathismata Cycladic figurines' date from a somewhat period of 2400–2100 BC. Compared to the statuettes of the Spedos type—the most common and renowned type of figurines featuring finely modeled and somewhat rounded shapes—the statuettes of the Dokathismata type tend to have a more slender and sometimes angular silhouette.
Part of the island is named Aspis. In 630 BC, the poet Semonides led the foundation of a Samian colony on Amorgos; the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax mentions it as Tripolis. With the passing of time, the island's name changed to Amourgon. In the 5th century, Bishop Theodore, who attended a synod in Constantinople, signed as Bishop of the Parians and Amoulgians, it was known as Yamurgi during Ottoman rule between 1566–1829. On 9 July 1956, a large earthquake occurred that generated a local tsunami of up to 30 m; the shock had a moment magnitude of 7.7 and had a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX. Fifty-three people were killed and 100 were injured; the names of the three cities given by Stephanus Byzantinus are Arkesini, Aigiali or Melania which, according to inscriptions, are the most correct. The three towns are on the island's west coast because, where bays and natural ports that could provide the proper positioning for seaside towns and forts exist. Aigiali was on the north East Side of the island close to the present day locations of Tholaria and Stroumvos and to this day can still be found there.
Minoa is situated at the center of the northern side near the present day village of Katapola and Arkesini close to the present-day lowland location Kastri. Excavations and findings burial tombs, prove the intense presence of Amorgos during the prehistoric years during the first period of Cycladic civilisation; the island was featured in Luc Besson's film The Big Blue, in which Agia Anna and the monastery of Panagia Hozoviotissa can be seen. The island was featured in Giorgos Kordelas' film Ariadni; the municipality of Amorgos is subdivided into the following communities: Aigiali Amorgos Arkesini Katapola Tholaria Vroutsis The monastery of Panagia Hozoviotissa is situated on the cliff side, northeast of Chora. It was built early in the second millennium in order to protect a religious icon, dating from the year 812, from intruders; the icon is on public display inside the monastery. Opening time for visitors every day from 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m and 5:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Visitors have to be dressed decently in order to enter.
Men have to wear long trousers and women a skirt or a wrap around shift down to the knee, not trousers. The shift may however be over trousers; as of July 2012, the monastery houses three practising monks. Tourism is going up although the island features prevent mass tourism; the island is accessible only by boat. The 3 main places of tourist accommodations are Katapola and Chora. Hiking ways are well maintained. Other activities are scuba diving, activities relating to wellness, the beaches. List of settlements in the Cyclades Markiani Saint-Guillain, Guillaume. "AMORGOS AU XIVe SIÈCLE. Une seigneurie insulaire entre Cyclades féodales et Crèle vénitienne". Byzantinische Zeitschrift (in Fr
The Dodecanese are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the coast of Asia Minor, of which 26 are inhabited. Τhis island group defines the eastern limit of the Sea of Crete. They belong to the wider Southern Sporades island group; the most important and well-known island, has been the area's dominant island since antiquity. Of the others and Patmos are the more important. Other islands in the chain include Alimia, Chalki, Gyali, Levitha, Nimos, Saria, Strongyli and Telendos; the name "Dodecanese", meaning "The Twelve Islands", denotes today an island group in the southeastern Aegean Sea, comprising fifteen major islands and 93 smaller islets. Since Antiquity, these islands formed part of the group known as the "Southern Sporades"; the name Dōdekanēsos first appears in Byzantine sources in the 8th century, as a naval command under a droungarios, encompassing the southern Aegean Sea, which evolved into the Theme of Samos. However it was not applied to the current island group, but to the twelve Cyclades islands clustered around Delos.
The name may indeed be of far earlier date, modern historians suggest that a list of 12 islands given by Strabo was the origin of the term. The term remained in use throughout the medieval period and was still used for the Cyclades in both colloquial usage and scholarly Greek-language literature until the 18th century; the transfer of the name to the present-day Dodecanese has its roots in the Ottoman period. Following the Ottoman conquest in 1522, the two larger islands and Kos, came under direct Ottoman rule, while the others, of which the twelve main islands were named, enjoyed extensive privileges pertaining to taxation and self-government. Concerted attempts to abolish these privileges were made after 1869, as the Ottoman Empire attempted to modernize and centralize its administrative structure, the last vestiges of the old privileges were abolished after the Young Turks took power in 1908, it was at that time that the press in the independent Kingdom of Greece began referring to the twelve privileged islands in the context of their attempts to preserve their privileges, collectively as the "Dodecanese".
Shortly after, in 1912, most of the Southern Sporades were captured by the Italians in the Italo-Turkish War, except for Ikaria, which joined Greece in 1912 during the First Balkan War, Kastellorizo, which came under Italian rule only in 1921. The place of the latter two was taken by Kos and Rhodes, bringing the number of the major islands under Italian rule back to twelve. Thus, when the Greek press began agitating for the cession of the islands to Greece in 1913, the term used was still the "Dodecanese"; the Italian occupation authorities helped to establish the term when they named the islands under their control "Rhodes and the Dodecanese", adding Leipsoi to the list of the major islands to make up for considering Rhodes separately. By 1920, the name had become established for the entire island group, a fact acknowledged by the Italian government when it appointed the islands' first civilian governor, Count Carlo Senni, as "Viceroy of the Dodecanese"; as the name was associated with Greek irredentism, from 1924 Mussolini's Fascist regime tried to abolish its use by referring to them as the "Italian Islands of the Aegean", but this name never acquired any wider currency outside Italian administrative usage.
The islands joined Greece in 1947 following as the "Governorate-General of the Dodecanese", since 1955 the "Dodecanese Prefecture". The Dodecanese have been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the Neopalatial period on Crete, the islands were Minoanized. Following the downfall of the Minoans, the islands were ruled by the Mycenaean Greeks from circa 1400 BC, until the arrival of the Dorians circa 1100 BC, it is in the Dorian period that they began to prosper as an independent entity, developing a thriving economy and culture through the following centuries. By the early Archaic period Rhodes and Kos emerged as the major islands in the group, in the 6th century BC the Dorians founded three major cities on Rhodes. Together with the island of Kos and the cities of Knidos and Halicarnassos on the mainland of Asia Minor, these made up the Dorian Hexapolis; this development was interrupted around 499 BC by the Persian Wars, during which the islands were captured by the Persians for a brief period.
Following the defeat of the Persians by the Athenians in 478 BC, the cities joined the Athenian-dominated Delian League. When the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 BC, they remained neutral although they were still members of the League. By the time the Peloponnesian War ended in 404 BC, the Dodecanese were removed from the larger Aegean conflicts, had begun a period of relative quiet and prosperity. In 408 BC, the three cities of Rhodes had united to form one state, which built a new capital on the northern end of the island named Rhodes.
Leipsoi is an island south of Samos and to the north of Leros in Greece. It is well serviced with ferries passing between Patmos and Leros and on the main route for ferries from Piraeus. Leipsoi is a small group of islets at the northern part of the Dodecanese near to Patmos island and Leros; the larger Leipsi-Arkoi archipelago consists of some 37 islands and islets of which only three are larger than 1 square kilometre: Leipsoi and Agreloussa. Only Leipsoi and Marathos are inhabited. Leipsoi is a municipality, part of the Kalymnos regional unit, part of the South Aegean region; the municipality has an area of 17.350 square kilometres. In ancient times, it contained; the island contains springs at Fountani, alias Pikri Nero, in the area near Kimissi along with other minor springs flowing in this region. The Cave of Ontas dominates the settlement. A 960-metre-long paved path carved into the hill connects the upper quarters of Kimissi with the lower ones. Local products, namely thyme honey, cheese, dairy products and grapes.
Loom-woven fabrics, carpets and "fookadia". Most of the secluded and protected bays like Moschato Bay in the north on this island have been spoilt by fish farming; the water in these bays is very cloudy with fish farm wastage. The less protected beaches are not polluted and reached by the road network. Roads have been reconstructed using European Union funding. There are several churches and monasteries scattered around the island dedicated to a multitude of saints; these include the church of Aghios Nektarios, built in or about 1980 by father Nikiforos, the parochial priest of Lipsi at the time and a favorite baptistry for the inhabitants of the island. Panaghia tou Harou: architectural style. Once specialists decide to study this construction more there may be some interesting conclusions drawn relating to the time the church was built (some time between the 7th and 8th century AD. There is a holy icon of the Virgin in this church, reputed to be of miraculous powers, depicting Mary holding Jesus Crucified.
The uniqueness of the concept and the artfulness of the rendition make of this icon one of the brightest moments in hagiography. Aghios Ioannis Theologos, whose construction was financed by Lipsian emigrants; the church of Kimissis tis Theotokou, dominating the little bay bearing the same name. To be found there are reliquaries containing the remains of monks reduced to martyrdom, slain by the Turks during the Ottoman rule. Five of those monks have been glorified by decree of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople; the church of Panaghia at Kouselio, built on the foundations of an early Christian church. Embedded in the walls of this church - and therefore still to be uncovered - are inscription-bearing marbles of that earlier construction that were used as building material for the new church. There are two churches dedicated to St. Nicholas on the hills on either side of the mouth of the port, along with the churches of Aghios Theologos tou Moschatou, Aghios Spiridion, Profitis Ilias - a church dedicated to Prophet Elijah and built on top of a hill dominating the port, in accordance with the perennial tradition of churches dedicated to this Prophet to be built in elevated locations