RhythmOne plc known as Blinkx, known as RhythmOne Group, is a digital advertising technology company that owns and operates the web properties AllMusic, AllMovie, SideReel. Founded in 2004, blinkx went public on the London Stock Exchange in May, 2007 and began trading as RhythmOne in 2017; the company is headquartered in San Francisco and London, England. RhythmOne acquired All Media Network and its portfolio of web properties in April 2015. In April 2019, RhythmOne was acquired by Taptica International, an advertising technology company headquartered in Israel. Blinkx was named after, an Internet Media platform that connects online video viewers with publishers and distributors, using advertising to monetize those interactions. Blinkx has an index of over 35 million hours of video and 800 media partnerships, as well as 111 patents related to the site's search engine technology, known as CORE. In 2004, Suranga Chandratillake, former US chief technology officer of Autonomy Corporation, founded Blinkx as a toolbar for web search, specializing in video.

In December 2004, Blinkx launched an audio and video search engine. In July 2005, Blinkx launched an RSS web feed for video links. In June 2006, Blinkx reached 4 million hours of searchable video content. In October 2006, Microsoft Corp. agreed to use Blinkx technology to power the video search on some parts of its MSN service and Other sites it powers include Lycos, InfoSpace, the RealPlayer and parts of AOL. In February 2007, Blinkx received the DEMOgod award from DEMO 07 conference organizers. In June 2007, Blinkx launched a contextual video advertising platform named AdHoc. In March 2008, Blinkx released the Blinkx Beat video screensaver. In April 2008, the company launched its broadband TV application. In May 2008, Blinkx introduced the Advanced Media Platform, a proprietary video content management solution. In August 2008, there was the launch of Blinkx Remote, a directory of full-length TV shows online for the US and UK. In December 2008, Blinkx introduced a new ad unit for online video.

In April 2009, Blinkx acquired some of the assets of the bankrupt Zango company under its Pinball Corporation subsidiary. In August 2009, Blinkx joined YouTube and Yahoo! on Nielsen's Top 10 Video Sites. In April 2010, the company launched behavioral targeting through Blinkx AdHoc. In May 2010, Blinkx launched a mobile video search site. In July 2010, Blinkx announced the launch of a new mobile API. In October 2010, Blinkx launched Blinkx Beat for Google TV. In October 2010, the company launched a social shopping service. In November 2010, Blinkx achieved profitability and positive operating cash flow, doubling revenue year on year. In February 2011, Blinkx introduced TV API. In February 2011, Blinkx announced a partnership with woomi, the connected TV destination from Miniweb Interactive, the cloud-based video distribution platform. In February 2011, Blinkx announced. In April 2011, Blinkx announced the acquisition of Burst Media, an online media and technology company headquartered in Burlington, Massachusetts.

This acquisition brought 35 million hours of online video and TV to Burst Media's audience of over 130 million unique users. In May 2011, Blinkx announced. In October 2011, Blinkx appointed Frank Pao as Executive Vice President of Business Affairs and General Counsel. In November 2011, Blinkx announced a partnership with Orb Networks to bring 35 million hours of TV, audio to Orb TV and Orb BR Users. In November 2011, Blinkx acquired Prime Visibility Media Group. In January 2012, Blinkx received a U. S. Patent for Moving Thumbnails technology. In February 2012, Blinkx CEO Suranga Chandratillake was selected for San Francisco Business Times 40 Under 40. In March 2012, Blinkx surpassed 100 million global monthly unique visitors. In July 2012, Chief Operating Officer Subhransu “Brian” Mukherjee was appointed CEO and Executive Member of Board of Directors. In July 2012, Blinkx founder Suranga Chandratillake was elected Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering. In September 2012, an open beta of the next-generation Blinkx site launched.

In October 2012, Dan Slivjanovski was appointed as Senior Vice President of Marketing. In January 2013, Blinkx's next-generation video search and discovery site went live. In April 2015, Blinkx acquired All Media Network for an undisclosed amount, including website properties,, In April 2015, Blinkx unified its brands under the name RhythmOne. In June 2016, Blinkx plc changed its name to RhythmOne plc and began trading as RhythmOne plc on the London Stock Exchange. In December 2016, RhythmOne acquired Austin, Texas-based mobile rewards company In June 2017, RhythmOne acquired 200 employees from RadiumOne. In September 2017, RhythmOne acquired YuMe Inc. for $185 million. In April 2019, RhythmOne was acquired by Taptica International. All Media Network known as All Media Guide and AllRovi, was an American company that owned and maintained AllMusic, AllMovie, AllGame, SideReel and Celebified; the company was founded in 1990 by popular-culture archivist Michael Erlewine.

All Media Network offices were located in San Francisco and Ann Arbor, United States, several other locations across the country. All Music Guide was launched in 1991. In 1994 the All Movie Guide was launched and in 1998 the All Game Guide. All Media Network was founde

Hasbro Universe

The Hasbro Universe refers to several shared fictional universes featuring characters from several franchises owned by toy company Hasbro. Since 1979, Marvel Comics has published its own comic books based on G. I. Joe, Micronauts and Transformers, set in Earth-616, known as the Marvel Universe. However, the Transformers and G. I. Joe series were established non-canon. G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero The Micronauts Rom: Spaceknight SpeceKnights The Transformers The X-Men and the Micronauts G. I. Joe vs; the Transformers G. I. Joe vs; the Transformers II G. I. Joe vs; the Transformers III: The Art of War G. I. Joe vs; the Transformers IV: Black Horizon Transformers/G. I. Joe Transformers/G. I. Joe: Divided Front Hasbro Comic Book Universe The New Avengers/The TransformersThe Transformers vs. G. I. Joe The Transformers vs. G. I. Joe: The Movie Adaptation Rom: Dire Wraiths Transformers/My Little Pony: Friendship in Disguise! Hasbro's former comic book imprint HasLab published for 2011's San Diego Comic-Con the one-shot issue Unit:E, where characters from various franchises joined forces into a new adventure.

This project would be rebooted as Revolution. Grey Global Group published a special one-shot titled "When Worlds Collide" to celebrate 2017's HasCon, the first convention for Hasbro brands. From 1983 to 1987, Sunbow Productions and Marvel Productions developed the series G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero, The Transformers and Inhumanoids; these series had been hinted to share the same universe due to the appearance of the character named Hector Ramirez. The Transformers Aligned Continuity features a reference to M. A. S. K. as a division of the United States military that developed a special vehicle. On March 28, 2014, producer Lorenzo di Bonaventura announced that he is open to doing a crossover film between the Transformers and G. I. Joe film series. On June 23, di Bonaventura stated that a crossover was not to happen, but on July 9, he reassured there would still be a possibility. On October 23, 2015, Chu confirmed his intentions to make a crossover film between Jem with Transformers and G. I. Joe. On October 29, he hinted about Transformers doing crossover with other Hasbro products.

On January 18, 2017, D. J. Caruso has stated that when he was in talks to be GI Joe 3's director, the discussion included a Transformers and G. I. Joe meeting. However, Paramount did not think the time was right to do so because they did not want to infringing on Michael Bay's running of the Transformers films. On December 15, 2015, Hasbro agreed with Paramount to a deal creating a five-property movie universe by financing unit Allspark Pictures and distributed by Paramount Pictures; this new universe will consist of the current G. I. Joe film series alongside future film adaptations based on M. A. S. K. Micronauts and Visionaries. On April 21, 2016, The Hollywood Reporter confirmed that Lindsey Beer, Michael Chabon, Cheo Hodari Coker, Joe Robert Cole, John Francis Daley, Jonathan Goldstein, Jeff Pinkner, Nicole Perlman, Nicole Riegel, Geneva Robertson and Brian K. Vaughan have joined the writers' room for the cinematic universe. List of comics based on Hasbro properties List of films based on Hasbro properties List of television programs based on Hasbro properties

Radiation treatment planning

In radiotherapy, radiation treatment planning is the process in which a team consisting of radiation oncologists, radiation therapist, medical physicists and medical dosimetrists plan the appropriate external beam radiotherapy or internal brachytherapy treatment technique for a patient with cancer. In the early days of radiotherapy planning was performed on 2D x-ray images by hand and with manual calculations. Computerised treatment planning systems began to be used in the 1970s to improve the accuracy and speed of dose calculations. By the 1990s CT scans, more powerful computers, improved dose calculation algorithms and Multileaf collimators lead to 3D conformal planning, categorised as a Level 2 technique by the European Dynarad consortium. 3DCRT uses MLCs to shape the radiotherapy beam to match the shape of a target tumour, reducing the dose to healthy surrounding tissue. Level 3 techniques such as IMRT and VMAT utilise inverse planning to provide further improved dose distributions; these methods are growing in use for cancers in certain locations which have been shown to derive the greatest benefits.

Medical imaging is used to form a virtual patient for a computer-aided design procedure. A CT scan is the primary image set for treatment planning while magnetic resonance imaging provides excellent secondary image set for soft tissue contouring. Positron emission tomography is less used and reserved for cases where specific uptake studies can enhance planning target volume delineation. Modern treatment planning systems provide tools for multimodality image matching known as image coregistration or fusion. Treatment simulations are used to plan the geometric and dosimetric aspects of the therapy using radiation transport simulations and optimization. For intensity modulated radiation therapy, this process involves selecting the appropriate beam type and physical arrangements. In brachytherapy planning involves selecting the appropriate catheter positions and source dwell times or seed positions; the more formal optimization process is referred to as forward planning and inverse planning. Plans are assessed with the aid of dose-volume histograms, allowing the clinician to evaluate the uniformity of the dose to the diseased tissue and sparing of healthy structures.

In forward planning, the planner places beams into a radiotherapy treatment planning system which can deliver sufficient radiation to a tumour while both sparing critical organs and minimising the dose to healthy tissue. The required decisions include how many radiation beams to use, which angles each will be delivered from, whether attenuating wedges be used, which MLC configuration will be used to shape the radiation from each beam. Once the treatment planner has made an initial plan, the treatment planning system calculates the required monitor units to deliver a prescribed dose to a specific area, the distribution of dose in the body this will create; the dose distribution in the patient is dependent on the anatomy and beam modifiers such as wedges, specialized collimation, field sizes, tumor depth, etc. The information from a prior CT scan of the patient allows more accurate modelling of the behaviour of the radiation as it travels through the patient's tissues. Different dose calculation models are available, including pencil beam, convolution-superposition and monte carlo simulation, with precision versus computation time being the relevant trade-off.

This type of planning is only sufficiently adept to handle simple cases in which the tumour has a simple shape and is not near any critical organs. In inverse planning a radiation oncologist defines a patient's critical organs and tumour, after which a planner gives target doses and importance factors for each. An optimisation program is run to find the treatment plan which best matches all the input criteria. In contrast to the manual trial-and-error process of forward planning, inverse planning uses the optimiser to solve the Inverse Problem as set up by the planner. Brachytherapy planning Image-guided radiation therapy