Caleruega is a small town and municipality in the autonomous community of Castile-Leon, Spain. It is part of the Province of Burgos; the town is a few miles south of the Monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos. Saint Dominic - Catholic church priest and founder of the Dominican Order Caleruega News Web Ayuntamiento de Caleruega pentecostes
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Cabañes de Esgueva
Cabañes de Esgueva is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 243 inhabitants
Haza, Province of Burgos
Haza is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. Joan of Aza - Catholic Saint and mother of Saint Dominic
Gumiel de Mercado
Gumiel de Mercado is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 386 inhabitants
Aranda de Duero
Aranda de Duero is a town and municipality, capital of the Ribera del Duero comarca, in south of the province of Burgos, in Castile and León, Spain. It has a population of 33,000 people; the post code for the town is 09400. The closest airport is in Burgos; the municipality of Aranda de Duero is made up of three towns: Aranda de Duero, La Aguilera and Sinovas. Aranda de Duero is the capital of the Ribera del Duero wine region; the town is unique for having wine cellars. Wine clubs celebrate special events in these cellars. Aranda de Duero is at the junction of several transport routes across Spain; the N1 autovía runs north / south by Aranda, along which visitors and import/export goods travel between Madrid and the south coast. Another important road running east to west connects Portugal with important cities on the way and the east coast, its location at the juncture of these routes has led to Aranda de Duero acquiring a growing recognition and function as a business centre. Several multinational corporations, such as Michelin and GlaxoSmithKline have large facilities in the area.
A dish called. This is roast baby lamb and is served with a basic salad and lots of "torta" bread for dipping in the meat juices. Aranda de Duero was one of the first 5 towns where the App Los del Pueblo was deployed, in 2018. An ecclesiastical synod was held at Aranda in the province of Burgos in Spain, in 1473, by Alfonso Carillo, Archbishop of Toledo, to overcome the ignorance and evil lives of ecclesiastics. Among the twenty-nine canons of the council is one which says that orders shall not be conferred on those who are ignorant of Latin. Several canons deal with clerical concubinage, clandestine marriages, etc; the Fiestas to honour la Virgen de las Viñas take place on the first Sunday after 8 September. They last for nine days from the eve of that Sunday until the following Sunday when the Fiestas end with the traditional fireworks at midnight, followed by "the sardine burial". Santa María la Real is a church built by Simon de Colonia during the 16th centuries, its most notable feature is the main doorway.
Above the doorway, three carved stone reliefs show Christ carrying the Cross, The Crucifixion and The Resurrection. The doorway is topped by the coat of arms of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile. Aranda's own coats of arms is present along with scenes from the Nativity and other Christian celebrations. Due to their deterioration, the church doors have been replaced by exact copies, the original ones are kept in the Museo Sacro. San Juan, a church, older than Santa Maria and gothic in style, San Juan still has its fortified defensive tower; the Council of Aranda took place in San Juan in 1473. Nowadays San Juan houses the Museo Sacro; the Virgen de las Viñas Sanctuary is a 17th-century hermitage. It is situated on a small hill to the north of the town; the patron saint of the town is the Virgen de las Viñas, the local legend says that she was found in a vineyard, hence the name. The Train museum is situated in the old train station "Chelva" and documents the history of Spanish railways.
The Pottery museum houses pottery from all over Spain, with the largest collection from Castile and León. The Berdugo's palace is a Renaissance mansion. Bodegas, their original purpose was to store the wine that makes the Ribera del Duero famous. Nowadays the Cellars are home to the "Peñas", cultural associations whose main function is to preserve the cellars, organise social events and ensure the whole of the population enjoy the Fiestas. San Juan de la Vera Cruz Parish Church. San Nicolas de Bari is a church in the village of Sinovas; the Conchuela Bridge. The Roman Bridge is situated next to the San Juan Church; the Humilladero is a stone monument on the route to Las Viñas Sanctuary. Isilla street is the main pedestrian thoroughfare of the town. Local tradition has it. Miranda do Douro, Portugal Salon-de-Provence, France Langen, Germany Roseburg, United States Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain Romorantin-Lanthenay, France Juan Carlos Higuero La Aguilera is a small village in the municipality.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Info & Photos of Aranda in English & Spanish Ayuntamiento de Aranda de Duero Web of music and the support to the groups of Aranda de Duero
Soria is a municipality and a Spanish city, located on the Douro river in the east of the autonomous community of Castile and León and capital of the province of Soria. Its population is 43.7 % of the provincial population. The municipality has a surface area of 271,77 km2, with a density of 144.13 inhabitants/km2. Situated at about 1063 metres above sea level, Soria is the second highest provincial capital in Spain. Although there are remains of settlements from the Iron Age and Celtiberian times, Soria itself enters history with its repopulation between 1109 and 1114, by the Aragonese king Alfonso I the Battler. A strategic enclave due to the struggles for territory between the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon, Soria became part of Castile definitively in 1134, during the reign of Alfonso VII. In Soria was born Alfonso VIII, Alfonso X had his court established when he received the offer to the throne of the Holy Roman Empire. In Soria, the deposed king James IV of Mallorca died, John I of Castile married.
Booming during the Late Middle Ages thanks to its border location and its control over the bovine industry, Soria went into a slow decline over the next few centuries. It was damaged during the Peninsular War; the city is home to the Numantine Museum. Today, its population of 38,881 makes Soria the least populated provincial capital of Castile and León and the second least populated in Spain. Important in its economy is the agri-food industry, while an increasing number of tourists are attracted by its cultural heritage. Soria was mentioned by UNESCO as a good example when including the Mediterranean diet in its Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, it is claimed that in Roman times there was a castle called Oria, purportedly named after a Greek knight called Doricus. Based on this folk etymology, some historians guessed that the first inhabitants of this city might have been the Dorians. Archaeology has not confirmed that story. Instead it has suggested that the first inhabitants were the Suebi, whose kings established one of their courts there.
These two hypotheses have been abandoned because of lack of evidence. It seems more that the name Soria may have its origin in the word dauria from the river Durius; the shield of Soria has the following heraldic description: In a field of gules, a castle, of argent, crenellated with three battlements, lined up and marbled with sabre, rinsed with azure and a king's bust crowned with gold and with its attributes coming out of his homage, in its colour. The king in the coat of arms is Alfonso VIII, born in Soria, the red field represents the blood shed by the Sorians in the battles of Alarcos, Navas de Tolosa and Aljubarrota; the oldest preserved example of the coat of arms is found in the high-medieval bell of San Gil, today the church of Santa María de la Mayor, which reflected the city's motto. Unlike the current official coat of arms, the king who now appears on the bust of the castle's keep on the castle's bell tower, is represented in the bell of San Gil with his entire body at the foot of the castle, leaving through its door.
The area of Soria was inhabited by the Iberians, who merged with the Celts to form the Celtiberians around the 4th century BC. During the Roman conquest of Iberia, Soria was besieged and its population committed a collective suicide in order to escape slavery. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the rebuilt city was occupied by the Suebi. After the Arab conquest of Spain, it grew in importance due to its proximity to the border of the Christian lands, which in the 8th century had settled along the Duero river. In 869 Soria was the centre of the rebellion of Suleyman ibn-Abus against the emir of Córdoba, who sent his son Hakan to quench it. In the early 12th century the city was conquered by Alfonso I the Battler, being absorbed into the Kingdom of León in 1134. Due to its strategic placement at the borders of the Kingdoms of Castile, Navarre and León, Soria in the Middle Ages was at the centre of several conflicts between them. Alfonso VIII of Castile, in reward for its support, gave the city several privileges which it maintained until modern times.
In 1195 the town was stormed by Sancho VII of Navarre, but recovered and continued to develop its splendour and trades held by a community of Jews. Soria lost most of its importance after the unification of Aragón and Castile in 1479, above all after the decree of exile issued against the Jews in 1492. In the War of Spanish Succession, Soria sided for Philip V. In 1808 it was set on fire by the French troops; the economical and social crisis of Spain in the early 20th century, the Spanish Civil War with Francisco Franco's dictatorship which followed, had negative effects on Soria and its neighborhood, which became depopulated due to strong emigration. The policy of the current authorities aims to strengthen the local economy pivoting on Soria's tourism potential, has launched a programme of reconstruction for the neighbouring villages; the poet Antonio Machado spent five years in Soria teaching French in a secondary school, before moving to the neighbouring town of Segovia. These years proved significant in his literary development.
He married and lost his wife there and discovered much ab