Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Romualdo Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno.jpg
19th President of Costa Rica
In office
8 May 1910 – 8 May 1914
Preceded by Cleto González (first term)
Succeeded by Alfredo González Flores
25th President of Costa Rica
In office
8 May 1924 – 8 May 1928
Preceded by Julio Acosta García
Succeeded by Cleto González Víquez (second term)
27th President of Costa Rica
In office
8 May 1932 – 8 May 1936
Preceded by Cleto González Víquez (second term)
Succeeded by León Cortés Castro
Personal details
Born (1859-02-06)February 6, 1859
Cartago, Costa Rica
Died January 4, 1945(1945-01-04) (aged 85)
San José, Costa Rica
Political party Republican Party
Spouse(s) Beatriz Zamora López
María Eugenia Calvo Badia

Romualdo Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno (February 6, 1859 – January 4, 1945) served as president of Costa Rica on three separate occasions: 1910 to 1914, 1924 to 1928, and 1932 to 1936.

He was one of the best known lawyers in Costa Rican history and a University of Santo Tomás graduate. Shortly after assuming power in 1910, the province of Cartago was hit by a powerful earthquake which destroyed most of the city and killed hundreds. One of his main struggles was the rebuilding of the biggest city in the country at the time. After the earthquake, Jiménez outlawed construction with adobe.[1] Another notable aspect of his first term was the consolidation of the country's external debt with a great part of the debt owed to France being repaid.

During his second term in office, he created the National Insurance Bank, The Bank of Mortgage Credit, the School of Agriculture and founded the Ministry of Health. He also began the electrification of the Pacific railway system and the creation of the Pacific port of Puntarenas. After his second term he stepped away from the political scene for four years.

He again was elected President in 1932. During his last term in office he concentrated on the country's infrastructure and educational system. He built several large buildings for school housing, improved and build new roads throughout the country and constructed an aqueduct system that started in the central valley at Ojo de Agua and flowed into the Pacific Ocean at Puntarenas.[1] During his administration, the bridge from Filadelfia and Liberia was constructed, as was the Old National Theater.

He died in San José on 4 January 1945.[1]

His father was two-time president Jesús Jiménez.


Political offices
Preceded by
Cleto González
President of Costa Rica
Succeeded by
Alfredo González Flores
Preceded by
Julio Acosta García
President of Costa Rica
Succeeded by
Cleto González
Preceded by
Cleto González
President of Costa Rica
Succeeded by
León Cortés Castro
  1. ^ a b c "Fasciculo 3 Mandatarios de Costa Rica". La Nacion. 5 June 2013.