Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Full Metal Jacket
Full Metal Jacket is a 1987 war film directed, co-written, produced by Stanley Kubrick and starring Matthew Modine, R. Lee Ermey, Vincent D'Onofrio and Adam Baldwin; the screenplay by Kubrick, Michael Herr, Gustav Hasford was based on Hasford's novel The Short-Timers. The storyline follows a platoon of U. S. Marines through their training focusing on two privates and Pyle, who struggle to get through boot camp under their abusive drill instructor, Gunnery Sergeant Hartman, the experiences of two of the platoon's Marines in the Tet Offensive during the Vietnam War; the film's title refers to the full metal jacket bullet used by soldiers. The film was released in the United States on June 26, 1987, it was the last of Kubrick's films to be released during his lifetime. Full Metal Jacket received critical acclaim and an Academy Award nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay for Kubrick and Hasford. In 2001, the American Film Institute placed it at No. 95 in their "AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills" poll.
During the United States' involvement in the Vietnam War, a group of Marine Corps recruits arrive at Parris Island, South Carolina, for boot camp. The ruthless drill instructor, employs forceful methods to turn the recruits into combat-ready Marines. Among the recruits are privates "Joker", "Cowboy", the overweight and dim-witted Leonard Lawrence, whom Hartman nicknames "Gomer Pyle". Pyle is inept at basic training, but improves after Hartman pairs him with Joker. However, when Hartman discovers a contraband doughnut in Pyle's foot locker, he adopts a collective punishment policy, punishing the rest of the platoon for Pyle's mistakes. One night, the recruits haze Pyle with a blanket party. Following this incident, Pyle reinvents himself as a model recruit and shows particular expertise in marksmanship; this impresses Hartman, but worries Joker, who notices Pyle talking to his rifle and believes that he may be suffering a mental breakdown. The recruits receive their Military Occupational Specialty assignments.
Joker is assigned to Military Journalism, while most of the others – including Cowboy and Pyle – are assigned to Infantry. During the platoon's final night on Parris Island, Joker discovers Pyle in the bathroom loading his rifle. Pyle executes drill commands and loudly recites the Rifleman's Creed, waking the others, including Hartman, who storms into the bathroom, insults Pyle and orders him to surrender the rifle. Pyle shoots Hartman dead and kills himself, while Joker watches in horror. In January 1968, Joker – now a sergeant – is a war correspondent in South Vietnam for Stars and Stripes with Private First Class Rafterman, a combat photographer. Rafterman wants to go into combat. At the Marine base, Joker is mocked for his lack of the thousand-yard stare, indicating his lack of war experience, they are interrupted by the start of the Tet Offensive as the North Vietnamese Army unsuccessfully attempts to overrun the base. The following day, the journalism staff is briefed about enemy attacks throughout South Vietnam.
Joker is sent to Phu Bai, accompanied by Rafterman. They meet the Lusthog Squad. Joker accompanies the squad during the Battle of Huế, where platoon commander "Touchdown" is killed by the enemy. After the Marines declare the area secure, a team of American news journalists and reporters enter Huế and interviews various Marines about their experiences in Vietnam and their opinions about the war. While patrolling Huế, Crazy Earl, the squad leader, is killed by a booby trap, leaving Cowboy in command; the squad becomes lost, Cowboy orders Eightball to scout the area. A Viet Cong sniper wounds Eightball and Doc Jay, the squad medic. Cowboy learns that tank support is unavailable and orders the team to prepare for withdrawal; the squad's machine gunner, "Animal Mother", attempts to save his comrades. He discovers there is only one sniper, but Doc Jay and Eightball are killed when Doc Jay attempts to indicate the sniper's location. While maneuvering toward the sniper, Cowboy is killed. Animal Mother leads an attack on the sniper.
Joker discovers the sniper, a teenage girl, attempts to shoot her, but his rifle jams and alerts her to his presence. Rafterman shoots the sniper, mortally wounding her; as the squad converges, the sniper first prays and the sniper begs for death saying "shoot me, shoot me" prompting an argument about whether or not to kill her or "Let her rot" said by Animal Mother. Animal Mother decides to allow a mercy killing. After some hesitation, Joker shoots her; the Marines congratulate him on his kill as Joker stares into the distance. The Marines march toward their camp, singing the "Mickey Mouse March". Joker states in narration that despite being "in a world of shit", he is glad to be alive and is no longer afraid. Matthew Modine as Private J. T. "Joker" Davis: A wise-cracking young recruit. Modine kept a diary on set, adapted into a book in 2005 and an interactive app in 2013. Vincent D'Onofrio as Private Leonard "Gomer Pyle" Lawrence: An over-weight and slow-minded recruit, the subject of Hartman's mockery.
D'Onofrio heard of the auditions for the film from Matthew Modine. Using a rented video camera and dressed in army fatigues, D'Onofrio recorded his audition. Despite Kubrick's saying that Pyle was "the hardest part to cast in the whole movie", he responded to D'Onofrio, telling the actor that he had won the part. D'Onofrio was required to gain 70 pounds. R. Lee Ermey as Gunnery Sergeant Hartman: A Parris Island drill instructor. Ermey served as a U. S. Marine drill instructor during the Vietnam War and used this experience to ad l
John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook County
The John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook County is a public hospital in Chicago, United States, it is part of the Cook County Health and Hospital System, along with Provident Hospital of Cook County and several related centers, which provides public primary and tertiary healthcare services to residents of Cook County, Illinois. Stroger employs over 400 fellows and residents, it has 1.2 million square feet of floor space, 464 beds. It is located at 1901 W. Harrison Street, is a part of the 305 acre Illinois Medical District on Chicago's West Side, one of the largest concentrations of medical facilities in the world. Cook County Hospital, which opened 1857, was used as a teaching hospital by Rush Medical School until the Civil War, when it was transitioned to an army hospital. After the war, it continued its purpose as a center for medical education and founded the first medical internship in the country in 1866. By the 1900s, the hospital was overseen by surgeons and physicians in Chicago who volunteered their services at the hospital, rebuilt in 1916.
Regarded as one of the world's greatest teaching hospitals, many interns and graduate physicians came to see the medical and surgical advances. Innovations included the world's first blood bank and surgical fixation of fractures. In the early 1960s, William Shoemaker, a student of the famed surgical physiologist, Francis Moore, spearheaded surgical critical care when he organized the first Trauma Unit. In 1986, Agnes D. Lattimer was appointed medical director of Cook County Hospital, making her the first African American woman medical director of a major American hospital. Cook County Hospital was renamed for John H. Stroger, Jr. the then-president of the Cook County Board, in 2001. The new Cook County Hospital was opened in December 2002, is housed in a facility located adjacent to the old hospital building; the former Cook County Hospital building has been gutted and is being renovated as a privately-funded mixed use development. County General Hospital, a fictional hospital that served as the setting for the NBC serial medical drama ER, was loosely based on Cook County Hospital.
Cook County Hospital is used in the 1993 movie The Fugitive. The documentary I Call It Murder aired on the BBC television show Man Alive in 1979, which reported on the challenges facing the staff at Cook County Hospital. At that time, the hospital was one of the few free hospitals in the United States. In 1996, Princess of Wales visited patients and doctors in the AIDS ward and trauma center, while on a tour of Chicago. Media related to Cook County Hospital at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Opening Night (2016 film)
Opening Night is an American musical comedy film written by Gerry De Leon and Greg Lisi, directed by Isaac Rentz. The film takes place in real time, backstage on the opening night of a Broadway musical; the film had its world premiere at the Los Angeles Film Festival on June 3, 2016. It was released on June 2, 2017. A musical comedy centered on a failed Broadway singer turned production manager who must save the show on opening night by wrangling his eccentric cast and crew before they wreak havoc. Topher Grace as Nick Alona Tal as Chloe Anne Heche as Brooke Taye Diggs as Malcolm Rob Riggle as Goldmeyer Paul Scheer as Ron JC Chasez as himself Lauren Lapkus as Alex Bean Lesli Margherita as Brandy Brian Huskey as Lee Zach Cregger as Micky Johnny Ray Gill as Eric In November 2014, it was revealed that Taye Diggs had joined the cast of One Shot, with shooting set to begin in Mexico City. In 2016, the name of the film was changed to Opening Night, before its premier at Los Angeles Film Festival as part of the Limelight section.
On October 26, 2016, the first official red band trailer was released to the internet Opening Night on IMDb Opening Night at Rotten Tomatoes
American Playhouse is an anthology television series periodically broadcast by Public Broadcasting Service in the United States. It premiered on January 12, 1982 with The Shady Hill Kidnapping and narrated by John Cheever and directed by Paul Bogart, its final broadcast, In the Wings: Angels in America on Broadway, a rerun of a behind-the-scenes look at Tony Kushner's award-winning play in two parts, aired on January 1, 1994. The series proved to be the springboard for the careers of numerous performers, including David Marshall Grant, Laura Linney, A Martinez, Conchata Ferrell, Eric Roberts, Lynne Thigpen, John Malkovich, Peter Riegert, Lupe Ontiveros, Ben Stiller, Megan Mullally. American Playhouse won a Peabody Award in 1990. For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When the Rainbow Is Enuf, 1982 Working, 1982 Who Am I This Time? 1982 The Skin of Our Teeth, 1983 Miss Lonelyhearts, 1983 City News, 1984 True West, 1984 The Gin Game, 1984 Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, 1985 Breakfast with Les and Bess, 1985 Displaced Person, 1985 Rocket to the Moon, 1986 All My Sons, 1987 The House of Blue Leaves, 1987 Waiting for the Moon, 1987 Pigeon Feathers, 1988 Strange Interlude, 1988 The Trial of Bernard Goetz, 1988 Ollie Hopnoodle's Haven of Bliss, 1988 A Raisin in the Sun, 1989 The Meeting, 1989 Imagining America, 1989 The Land of Little Rain, 1989 Andre's Mother, 1990 Into the Woods, 1991 Tru, 1992 Porgy and Bess, 1993 Shimmer, 1993 Tales of the City, 1993 The Shady Hill Kidnapping King of America Seguin Who Am I This Time?
Any Friend of Nicholas Nickleby Is a Friend of Mine Come Along With Me For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide / When the Rainbow Is Enuf Carl Sandburg: Echoes and Silences Fifth of July The Great American Fourth of July and Other Disasters Pilgrim, Farewell Northern Lights Medal of Honor Rag Working Weekend Private Contentment My Palikari Oppenheimer Oppenheimer Oppenheimer Oppenheimer Oppenheimer Oppenheimer Oppenheimer The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez The Skin of Our Teeth Miss Lonelyhearts Family Business Keeping On The File on Jill Hatch The File on Jill Hatch The File on Jill Hatch For Us the Living Verse Person Singular Until She Talks Wings The Rothko Conspiracy The Ghost Writer Pudd'nhead Wilson True West Nothing But a Man Popular Neurotics The Cafeteria Refuge The Gin Game Haunted The Killing Floor Heartland City News Hughie Concealed Enemies Concealed Enemies Concealed Enemies Concealed Enemies Testament A Matter of Principle Solomon Northup's Odyssey Tomorrow Go Tell It on the Mountain Noon Wine The Joy That Kills Overdrawn at the Memory Bank The Star-Crossed Romance of Josephine Cosnowski Some Men Need Help Charlotte Forten's Mission: Experiment in Freedom Breakfast with Les and Bess Nightsongs Under the Biltmore Clock Displaced Person The Europeans El Norte Three Sovereigns for Sarah Three Sovereigns for Sarah Three Sovereigns for Sarah Paper Angels Cat on a Hot Tin Roof The Rise and Rise of Daniel Rocket The Roommate Valentine's Revenge Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Tell Me a Riddle The Little Sister The House of Ramon Iglesia A Flash of Green Damien Rocket to the Moon A Case of Libel Painting Churches Roanoak Roanoak Roanoak Sunday in the Park with George All My Sons The Prodigious Hickey The Wide Net Smooth Talk A Mistaken Charity Eleanor: In Her Own Words The Innocents Abroad Story of a Marriage Story of a Marriage Story of a Marriage A Case of Libel Charley's Aunt Gal Young'Un The House of Blue Leaves Blue Window Dottie Waiting for the Moon Strange Interlude Strange Interlude Strange Interlude The Return of Hickey Lemon Sky The Revolt of Mother (February
Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963. The programme depicts the adventures of a Time Lord called "the Doctor", an extraterrestrial being, to all appearances human, from the planet Gallifrey; the Doctor explores the universe in a time-travelling space ship called the TARDIS. Its exterior appears as a blue British police box, a common sight in Britain in 1963 when the series first aired. Accompanied by a number of companions, the Doctor combats a variety of foes while working to save civilisations and help people in need; the show is a significant part of British popular culture, elsewhere it has gained a cult following. It has influenced generations of British television professionals, many of whom grew up watching the series; the programme ran from 1963 to 1989. There was an unsuccessful attempt to revive regular production in 1996 with a backdoor pilot, in the form of a television film titled Doctor Who; the programme was relaunched in 2005, since has been produced in-house by BBC Wales in Cardiff.
Doctor Who has spawned numerous spin-offs, including comic books, novels, audio dramas, the television series Torchwood, The Sarah Jane Adventures, K-9, Class, has been the subject of many parodies and references in popular culture. Thirteen actors have headlined the series as the Doctor; the transition from one actor to another is written into the plot of the show with the concept of regeneration into a new incarnation, a plot device in which a Time Lord "transforms" into a new body when the current one is too badly harmed to heal normally. Each actor's portrayal is unique. Together, they form a single lifetime with a single narrative; the time-travelling feature of the plot means that different incarnations of the Doctor meet. The Doctor is portrayed by Jodie Whittaker, who took on the role after Peter Capaldi's exit in the 2017 Christmas special "Twice Upon a Time". Doctor Who follows the adventures of the title character, a rogue Time Lord from the planet Gallifrey who goes by the name "the Doctor".
The Doctor fled Gallifrey in a stolen TARDIS, a time machine that travels by materialising into and dematerialising out of the time vortex. The TARDIS has a vast interior but appears smaller on the outside, is equipped with a "chameleon circuit" intended to make the machine take on the appearance of local objects as a disguise. Across time and space, the Doctor's many incarnations find events that pique their curiosity and try to prevent evil forces from harming innocent people or changing history, using only ingenuity and minimal resources, such as the versatile sonic screwdriver; the Doctor travels alone and brings one or more companions to share these adventures. These companions are humans, owing to the Doctor's fascination with planet Earth, which leads to frequent collaborations with the international military task force UNIT when the Earth is threatened; the Doctor is centuries old and, as a Time Lord, has the ability to regenerate in case of mortal damage to the body, taking on a new appearance and personality.
The Doctor has gained numerous reoccurring enemies during their travels, including the Daleks, the Cybermen, the Master, another renegade Time Lord. Doctor Who first appeared on BBC TV at 17:16:20 GMT on Saturday, 23 November 1963, it was to be each episode 25 minutes of transmission length. Discussions and plans for the programme had been in progress for a year; the head of drama Sydney Newman was responsible for developing the programme, with the first format document for the series being written by Newman along with the head of the script department Donald Wilson and staff writer C. E. Webber. Writer Anthony Coburn, story editor David Whitaker and initial producer Verity Lambert heavily contributed to the development of the series; the programme was intended to appeal to a family audience as an educational programme using time travel as a means to explore scientific ideas and famous moments in history. On 31 July 1963, Whitaker commissioned Terry Nation to write a story under the title The Mutants.
As written, the Daleks and Thals were the victims of an alien neutron bomb attack but Nation dropped the aliens and made the Daleks the aggressors. When the script was presented to Newman and Wilson it was rejected as the programme was not permitted to contain any "bug-eyed monsters". According to producer Verity Lambert. We had a bit of a crisis of confidence. Had we had anything else ready we would have made that." Nation's script became the second Doctor. The serial introduced the eponymous aliens that would become the series' most popular monsters, was responsible for the BBC's first merchandising boom; the BBC drama department's serials division produced the programme for 26 seasons, broadcast on BBC 1. Falling viewing numbers, a decline in the public perception of the show and a less-prominent transmission slot saw production suspended in 1989 by Jonathan Powell, controller of BBC 1. Although it was cancelled with the decision not to commission a planned 27th season, which would have been broadcast in 1990, the BBC affirmed, over several ye