King David (film)
King David is a 1985 American epic historical drama film about the life of the second King of the Land of Israel, David. The film was produced by Martin Elfand and written by Andrew Birkin; the film stars Richard Gere in the title role, alongside ensemble cast such as: Edward Woodward, Alice Krige, Denis Quilley, Cherie Lunghi, Hurd Hatfield, Jack Klaff, John Castle, Tim Woodward, George Eastman, Christopher Malcolm, Gina Bellman and James Coombes in supporting roles. King David was released by Paramount Pictures, the production company, on March 29, 1985, while in other countries it was released in 1986 and 1987. Upon release, the film received negative reviews aimed for its screenplay writing, some of the acting and the action sequences. However, Gere's performance and the cinematography were praised. In addition to being a critical failure, the film was a box office failure, grossing $5.9 million worldwide against its $21 million production budget. The film follows the life of David, drawing from biblical accounts I and II Samuel, I Chronicles, the Psalms of David.
It was filmed in 1984 in Matera and Craco both in Basilicata, Campo Imperatore in Abruzzo, the Lanaitto valley in Sardinia, at Pinewood Studios in England. The film was not well received by the critics, with The New York Times calling it "not a good film". Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a'rotten' 8% rating. Richard Gere's performance in the film earned him a Golden Raspberry Award nomination for Worst Actor, which he lost to Sylvester Stallone for Rambo: First Blood Part II and Rocky IV. Years Bruce Beresford said of the film: I think there are a few things in it that are interesting. But, I think. We never liked the script... we never caught the friendship between David and Jonathan. There weren't enough scenes between them, and David, himself – I think Richard Gere was miscast. He is a wonderful actor but he is much better in contemporary pieces. List of historical drama films Kings List of films based on military books Whitewashing in film King David on IMDb King David at Rotten Tomatoes
Amazon.com, Inc. is an American multinational technology company based in Seattle, Washington that focuses in e-commerce, cloud computing, artificial intelligence. Amazon is the largest e-commerce marketplace and cloud computing platform in the world as measured by revenue and market capitalization. Amazon.com was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994, started as an online bookstore but diversified to sell video downloads/streaming, MP3 downloads/streaming, audiobook downloads/streaming, video games, apparel, food and jewelry. The company owns a publishing arm, Amazon Publishing, a film and television studio, Amazon Studios, produces consumer electronics lines including Kindle e-readers, Fire tablets, Fire TV, Echo devices, is the world's largest provider of cloud infrastructure services through its AWS subsidiary. Amazon has separate retail websites for some countries and offers international shipping of some of its products to certain other countries. 100 million people subscribe to Amazon Prime.
Amazon is the largest Internet company by revenue in the world and the second largest employer in the United States. In 2015, Amazon surpassed Walmart as the most valuable retailer in the United States by market capitalization. In 2017, Amazon acquired Whole Foods Market for $13.4 billion, which vastly increased Amazon's presence as a brick-and-mortar retailer. The acquisition was interpreted by some as a direct attempt to challenge Walmart's traditional retail stores. In 1994, Jeff Bezos incorporated Amazon. In May 1997, the organization went public; the company began selling music and videos in 1998, at which time it began operations internationally by acquiring online sellers of books in United Kingdom and Germany. The following year, the organization sold video games, consumer electronics, home-improvement items, software and toys in addition to other items. In 2002, the corporation started Amazon Web Services, which provided data on Web site popularity, Internet traffic patterns and other statistics for marketers and developers.
In 2006, the organization grew its AWS portfolio when Elastic Compute Cloud, which rents computer processing power as well as Simple Storage Service, that rents data storage via the Internet, were made available. That same year, the company started Fulfillment by Amazon which managed the inventory of individuals and small companies selling their belongings through the company internet site. In 2012, Amazon bought Kiva Systems to automate its inventory-management business, purchasing Whole Foods Market supermarket chain five years in 2017; as of March 2019, the board of directors is: Jeff Bezos, President, CEO, Chairman Tom Alberg, Managing partner, Madrona Venture Group Rosalind Brewer, Group President, COO, Starbucks Jamie Gorelick, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale, Dorr Daniel P. Huttenlocher and Vice Provost, Cornell University Judy McGrath, former CEO, MTV Networks Indra Nooyi, former CEO, PepsiCo Jon Rubinstein, former Chairman, CEO, Inc. Thomas O. Ryder, former Chairman, CEO, Reader's Digest Association Patty Stonesifer, CEO, Martha's Table Wendell P. Weeks, President, CEO, Corning Inc.
In 2000, U. S. toy retailer Toys "R" Us entered into a 10-year agreement with Amazon, valued at $50 million per year plus a cut of sales, under which Toys "R" Us would be the exclusive supplier of toys and baby products on the service, the chain's website would redirect to Amazon's Toys & Games category. In 2004, Toys "R" Us sued Amazon, claiming that because of a perceived lack of variety in Toys "R" Us stock, Amazon had knowingly allowed third-party sellers to offer items on the service in categories that Toys "R" Us had been granted exclusivity. In 2006, a court ruled in favor of Toys "R" Us, giving it the right to unwind its agreement with Amazon and establish its own independent e-commerce website; the company was awarded $51 million in damages. In 2001, Amazon entered into a similar agreement with Borders Group, under which Amazon would co-manage Borders.com as a co-branded service, Borders pulled out of the arrangement in 2007, with plans to launch its own online store. On October 18, 2011, Amazon.com announced a partnership with DC Comics for the exclusive digital rights to many popular comics, including Superman, Green Lantern, The Sandman, Watchmen.
The partnership has caused well-known bookstores like Barnes & Noble to remove these titles from their shelves. In November 2013, Amazon announced a partnership with the United States Postal Service to begin delivering orders on Sundays; the service, included in Amazon's standard shipping rates, initiated in metropolitan areas of Los Angeles and New York because of the high-volume and inability to deliver in a timely way, with plans to expand into Dallas, New Orleans and Phoenix by 2014. In June 2017, Nike confirmed a "pilot" partnership with Amazon to sell goods directly on the platform; as of October 11, 2017, AmazonFresh sells a range of Booths branded products for home delivery in selected areas. In September 2017, Amazon ventured with one of its sellers JV Appario Retail owned by Patni Group which has recorded a total income of US$ 104.44 million in financial year 2017–18. In November 2018, Amazon reached an agreement with Apple Inc. to sell selected products through the service, via the company and selected Apple Authorized Resellers.
As a result of this partnership, only Apple Authorized Resellers may sell Apple products on Amazon effective January 4, 2019. Amazon.com's product lines available at its website include several media, baby products, consumer electronics, beauty products, gourmet food, groceries and perso
Money Movers is a 1978 Australian crime action drama film directed by Bruce Beresford. The film was based on the book Money Movers by Devon Minchin, founder of Metropolitan Security Services; the story deals loosely with two real-life events, the 1970 Sydney Armoured Car Robbery where A$500,000 was stolen from a Mayne Nickless armoured van, a 1970 incident where A$280,000 was stolen from Metropolitan Security Services' offices by bandits impersonating policemen. Money Movers is "one of the few films of the 1970s that deal with crime and police corruption as an entrenched state of being, one of the earliest to embrace violent action." An armoured payroll truck owned by Darcy's Security Services is robbed and the driver, ex-policeman Dick Martin, is removed from armoured cars and put onto night patrols. The robbers are double crossed by crime boss Jack Henderson whose henchman Dino kills all the robbers. Lionel Darcy, head of the company, suspects a major robbery is being planned but is unaware that all the culprits are employed by the company.
He asks former employee Mindel Seagers to look into newcomer to Leo Bassett. Jack Henderson discovers that a robbery is being planned by Eric Jackson, a former speedway driver and a Senior Supervisor with Darcy's, his brother Brian Jackson who works as a guard for Darcy's as an armoured truck driver, Ed Gallagher, the supervisor of Darcy's counting house; when Eric Jackson breaks into Bassett's apartment, Henderson's men kidnap him and cut off the little toe on his left foot with a pair of bolt cutters in their attempt to force him to work for him. Dick Martin and Leo Bassett foil the planned robbery after which Martin is taken to hospital suffering gun shot wounds while Bassett reveals to Lionel Darcy that it was he who has sent a threatening note warning that robbery of Darcy's money counting house was to be the ruse used to flush out any real robbers. Terence Donovan as Eric Jackson Tony Bonner as Leo Bassett Ed Devereaux as Dick Martin Charles'Bud' Tingwell as Jack Henderson Candy Raymond as Mindel Seagers Jeanie Drynan as Dawn Jackson Bryan Brown as Brian Jackson Alan Cassell as Detective-Sergeant Sammy Rose Gary Files as Ernest Sainsbury Ray Marshall as Ed Gallagher Hu Pryce as David Griffiths Lucky Grills as Robert Conway Frank Wilson as Lionel Darcy Terry Camilleri as Dino Stuart Littlemore as Himself After making The Getting of Wisdom Bruce Beresford signed a contract with the South Australian Film Corporation to make two films in two years.
He wanted to make a movie, in complete contrast with his last movie, had written a script called The Ferryman. However the SAFC did not want to make it and they offered him a number of other projects instead. Beresford decided to adapt a novel by Devon Minchin, who founded Metropolitan Security Services in 1954. Beresford worked with MSS for two months doing research. Shooting took six weeks in February and March 1978. Although the film was based in Sydney, it was shot in the studios of the SAFC and at various locations in Adelaide, notably the Rowley Park Speedway, with some scenes filmed in Sydney; this is seen with vehicles jumping between South Australia's black on a white background license plates and the NSW version of black on yellow. Although fake money was used in the film, where there was calls for large amounts of cash, real armed guards from Metropolitan Security Services were on hand; the film, when it was released in 1979, failed badly at the box office only taking in $330,000, some $206,861 less than the film's budget.
Beresford: Nobody went to see it. I went on the opening night in Melbourne and there were three people there and me. I was sitting up the back wondering what time the session started and the film came on. I thought,'this is going to be a disaster', and it was. 20/20 Filmsight said the film is "often let down by stagy performances, uneven editing and a poor script", but is "worth checking out."Movie News said Money Movers "delivers an intriguing plot and hair-raising suspense with incredible pace and ferocity."Australian Screen said that "Money Movers was ahead of its time, may have suffered because of that. The film opened early in 1979, failed badly, but it was not alone – 1979 was the worst year for Australian films, in box-office terms, since the new wave of Australian cinema had begun."The movie has since gained something of a cult following among speedway fans in Australia thanks to the footage of the much loved Rowley Park which closed just 13 months after filming was completed. Money Movers grossed $330,000 at the box office in Australia, equivalent to $1,290,300 in 2009 dollars.
Cinema of Australia South Australian Film Corporation McFarlane, Brian. Australian cinema New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. ISBN 0-231-06728-3 Minchin, Devon George; the money movers London: Hutchinson of Australia, 1978. ISBN 0-09-130830-5 Moran and Errol Vieth. Film in Australia: an introduction London: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN 0-521-61327-2 Murray, Scott. Australian film, 1978-1992: a survey of theatrical features: Vol. 2 London: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-19-553584-7 Money Movers on IMDb Money Movers at Oz Movies
Alfre Woodard is an American actress and political activist. Woodard has been named accomplished actors of her generation, she has been nominated once for an Academy Award and Grammy Award and 18 times for an Emmy Award and has won a Golden Globe Award and three Screen Actors Guild Awards. Woodard began her acting career in theater. After her breakthrough role in the Off-Broadway play For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When the Rainbow Is Enuf, she made her film debut in Remember My Name. In 1983, she won major critical praise and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Cross Creek. In the same year, Woodard won her first Primetime Emmy Award for her performance in the NBC drama series Hill Street Blues. In the 1980s, Woodard had leading Emmy Award-nominated performances in a number of made for television movies, another Emmy-winning role as a woman dying of leukemia in the pilot episode of L. A. Law, she starred as Dr. Roxanne Turner in the NBC medical drama St. Elsewhere, for which she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 1986, for Guest Actress in 1988.
In the 1990s, Woodard starred in films such as Grand Canyon and Souls, How to Make an American Quilt, Primal Fear and Star Trek: First Contact. She drew critical praise for her performances in the independent dramas Passion Fish, for which she won an Independent Spirit Award and was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress, as well as Down in the Delta. For her lead role in the HBO film Miss Evers' Boys, Woodard won Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild Awards, several another awards. In years she has appeared in several blockbusters, like K-PAX, The Core, The Forgotten, starred in independent films, won her fourth Emmy Award for The Practice in 2003. From 2005 to 2006, Woodard starred as Betty Applewhite in the ABC comedy-drama series Desperate Housewives, starred in several short-lived series, she appeared in the films The Family That Preys, 12 Years a Slave and Annabelle, has worked as a political activist and producer. Woodard is a founder of Artists for a New South Africa, an organization devoted to advancing democracy and equality in that country.
She is a board member of AMPAS. Woodard was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, to Constance, a homemaker, Marion H. Woodard, an entrepreneur and interior designer, she is the youngest of three children. She was a cheerleader in high school. Woodard attended Bishop Kelley High School, a private Catholic school in Tulsa and graduated from there in 1970, she studied drama at Boston University. Woodard made her professional theater debut in 1974 on Washington, D. C.'s Arena Stage. In 1976, she moved to California, she said, "When I came to L. A. people told me there were no film roles for black actors... I'm not a fool. I know that, but I was always confident that I knew my craft." Her breakthrough role was in the Off-Broadway play For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When the Rainbow Is Enuf in 1977. The next year, Woodard made her film debut in Remember My Name, a thriller written and directed by Alan Rudolph. In the same year, she had a leading role in The Trial of the Moke, a Great Performances television movie co-starring Samuel L. Jackson.
In 1980, Woodard had a role in the ensemble comedy film. She appeared in the NBC miniseries The Sophisticated Gents, had a regular role alongside Catherine Hicks and Tim Matheson in the short-lived comedy-drama Tucker's Witch. In 1983, Woodard starred opposite Mary Steenburgen in the biography drama film Cross Creek directed by Martin Ritt. For her performance in the film, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 1983, Woodard won her first Primetime Emmy Award in the Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series category for her three-episode arc as Doris Robson in the NBC critically acclaimed serial drama, Hill Street Blues, her next television role was on the short-lived NBC sitcom Sara starring Geena Davis. In the next few years, Woodard received critical acclaim for her lead performances in a number of made for television movies, she was nominated for Primetime Emmy Awards for her roles in the films Words by Heart, Unnatural Causes, A Mother's Courage: The Mary Thomas Story.
In 1986, Woodard starred opposite Farrah Fawcett in the drama film Extremities based on a 1982 Off-Broadway play of the same name by William Mastrosimone. She won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series for her performance as a woman dying of leukemia in the pilot episode of the NBC drama series, L. A. Law. From 1985 to 1986, she was regular cast member of the NBC medical drama, St. Elsewhere, She played the role of Dr. Roxanne Turner, a strong doctor and the love interest of the Denzel Washington character, she left the show after a single season, but guest-starred in 1988. Woodard was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 1986, for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series in 1988, for St. Elsewhere. In 1998, Woodard reprised the role for a sixth-season episode of Homicide: Life on the Street entitled "Mercy", she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for her guest performance in the show. In 1987, Woodard played the role of South African Activist Winnie Mandela in the HBO film Mandela.
She spent several weeks listening to tapes of Winnie to match her accent. She did not win an Emmy
Alfred Fox Uhry is an American playwright and screenwriter. He has received an Academy Award, two Tony Awards and the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for dramatic writing for Driving Miss Daisy, he is a member of the Fellowship of Southern Writers. Uhry was born in Atlanta, the son of Alene, a social worker, Ralph K. Uhry, a furniture designer and artist, he was born into a Jewish family with the author Ann Uhry Abrams. Uhry graduated from Druid Hills High School in 1954 and subsequently graduated from Brown University where he wrote two original musicals with Brownbrokers. Druid Hills High School's Uhry Theater is named in honor of Uhry. During his first years in New York City, learning the craft of lyric-writing, Uhry received a stipend from Frank Loesser. Uhry's early work for the stage was as a lyricist and librettist for a number of commercially unsuccessful musicals, including a revival of Little Johnny Jones starring Donny Osmond which ran for one performance on Broadway, his first collaboration with Robert Waldman was the 1968 musical Here's Where I Belong, which closed after one performance on Broadway.
They had better success with The Robber Bridegroom, which premiered on Broadway in both 1975 and 1976, had a year-long national tour, garnered Uhry his first Tony Award nomination, for best book of a musical in 1976. America's Sweetheart, with music by Robert Waldman and with the book co-written by Uhry with John Weidman, ran at the Hartford Stage, Connecticut in March 1985 to April 1985, at the Coconut Grove Playhouse, Florida, where it closed; the Robber Bridegroom was revived Off-Broadway in March 2016 at the Roundabout Theatre Company and directed by Alex Timbers. This production won three Lucille Lortel Awards including Outstanding Revival. Driving Miss Daisy is the first in what is known as his "Atlanta Trilogy" of plays, all set during the first half of the 20th century. Produced Off-Broadway at Playwrights Horizons, the play earned him the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, it deals with the relationship between her black chauffeur. He adapted it into the screenplay for a 1989 film starring Jessica Tandy and Morgan Freeman, an adaptation, awarded the Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay, in addition to the Academy Award for Tandy as best actress.
The second of the trilogy, The Last Night of Ballyhoo, is set in 1939 during the premiere of the film Gone with the Wind. It deals with a Jewish family during an important social event, it was commissioned for the Cultural Olympiad in Atlanta which coincided with the 1996 Summer Olympics, received the Tony Award for Best Play when produced on Broadway in 1997. The third is the 1998 musical Parade, about the 1913 trial of Jewish factory manager Leo Frank; the libretto earned him a Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical. The music was written by Jason Robert Brown. Uhry's play Edgardo Mine is based on the true story of Edgardo Mortara, an Italian child taken by police from his Jewish family in 1858 because one of their domestic servants had baptized him; the play, directed by Doug Hughes, opened at Hartford Stage, Connecticut in November 2002. The Manhattan Theatre Club produced Uhry's musical LoveMusik on Broadway in 2007; the story depicts the relationship between composer Kurt Weill and his wife, Lotte Lenya, using Weill's music.
Apples & Oranges premiered on October 2012 at the Alliance Theatre in Atlanta. This new play is about the rediscovery of a sibling relationship. Angel Reapers, a collaboration with director/choreographer Martha Clarke, ran Off-Broadway at the Signature Theatre from February 2 to March 20, 2016; this production won the Lucille Lortel Award for "Outstanding Alternative Theatrical Experience". Uhry wrote the screenplay for the 1989 film version of Driving Miss Daisy and for the 1992 film Rich in Love, his next screenplay is for a film announced in 2009, From Swastika to Jim Crow, a dramatization of a documentary about Jewish professors who flee Nazi Germany, find posts in the Southern US, identify with their African-American students and their struggle under Jim Crow. Uhry is married to Joanna Kellogg, they live in New York City. Alfred Uhry at the Internet Broadway Database Alfred Uhry on IMDb Alfred Uhry at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Alfred Uhry on Charlie Rose Works by or about Alfred Uhry in libraries "Alfred Uhry collected news and commentary".
The New York Times. Profile at the Fellowship of Southern Writers Interviewed by Paul Rudd for BOMB Magazine 2016 Lucille Lortel Awards Winners
Puberty Blues is a 1981 Australian coming-of-age film directed by Bruce Beresford. The film is based on the 1979 novel Puberty Blues, by Gabrielle Carey and Kathy Lette, a protofeminist teen novel about two 13-year-old girls from the lower middle class Sutherland Shire in Sydney; the girls attempt to create a popular social status by ingratiating themselves with the "Greenhill gang" of surfers, who have a careless attitude toward casual sex and alcohol over the course of one Sydney summer. For censorship reasons, in the film their age was increased to 16. Much of the content of the novel appears in the film, with several passages of text recounted by the film's protagonist Debbie in a voice-over narration; the film follows the story and character trajectory of the novel. Some of the novel's characters are composites in the film; the tone of the novel is darker than that of the film, in the novel Debbie and her best friend Sue, who join the surfer gang, are shown to be much more willing participants in activities than they are in the film.
Some of the darker moments of the book have been softened for the film. The film adds a comedy beach brawl between the lifeguards not present in the novel. Lette complained that "the film sanitised the plot by omitting central references to miscarriage and abortion; the movie depicts a culture in which gang rape is incidental, mindless violence is amusing and hard drug use is fatal, but it was unable to address the consequences of the brutal sexual economy in which the girls must exist."Much of the obscure surfer slang of the novel was omitted from the film. The novel features some discussion about television series Number 96. One passage of the novel that mentions the title is recounted by the film's protagonist in a voice-over narration, but because the series had ended by the time of the 1981 film the series title is replaced by the generic term "television". Television writer Margaret Kelly was working at a writing workshop at a suburban theatre where she met Kathy Lette and Gabrielle Carey, who had written a number of unpublished stories about growing up in the surfing beaches of southern Sydney.
Kelly showed the stories to producer and writer Joan Long, optioned the film rights. Carey and Lette went on to write a column in The Sun-Herald as The Salami Sisters and the stories were published under the title Puberty Blues. Long first approached Gillian Armstrong to direct. Bruce Beresford read the book and wrote asking to direct: I bought it while I was waiting for a bus in North Sydney. I went to get a chocolate or something and I saw a pile of these things sitting on the counter. I thought I'd read it on the bus going home, it was remarkable, a well-expressed book. And the girls were only fifteen, it was a sort of insight into the way of life of those kids, a revelation to me... Kathy Lette so was the other girl, Gabrielle Carey; the lead roles were cast after an extensive selection process. Lead actor in the film, Nell Schofield, said that "It's a honest and realistic movie, it touches on it touches on that. I like it. It's subtle and doesn't preach:'This is the way of life.'" Schofield felt.
The parents who go and see it will come out and either believe it or it will give them a bit of a jolt. They'll start looking at their kids a different way and try to bridge the generation gap." She added. I think it is a comment on peer group pressure, male chauvinism in teenage groups and parent hassles."Schofield found the surfing scenes easy because she was an avid surfer in real life. "Like Debbie, I wanted to be a surfie chick. But once I was, I wanted out. I hated the drug scene. I saw so many kids fall down on the ground after taking drugs." Of making the film Schofield said "We didn't expect any glitter, we didn't get any. It was hard work."The movie was made with the assistance of the Australian Film Commission, who provided $413,708. The theme song "Puberty Blues" was written by Tim Finn. In the film it was sung by Sharon O'Neill, it was released by Jenny Morris as a single on Mushroom Records in December 1981. Puberty Blues grossed $3,918,000 at the box office in Australia. Puberty Blues was first released on home video in the early 1980s.
It made its debut on DVD with a new print by Umbrella Entertainment in 2003. The DVD is compatible with all region codes and includes special features such as the trailer, interviews with Nell Schofield and Bruce Beresford and biographies. In 2013 Umbrella Entertainment released the film on Blu-ray. Puberty Blues Murray, Australian Film, 1978–1994, Oxford, 1995. ISBN 0-19-553777-7 Puberty Blues on IMDb Puberty Blues at Oz Movies Puberty Blues at the National Film and Sound Archive Puberty Blues at Box Office Mojo Puberty Blues at Rotten Tomatoes
Roger Joseph Ebert was an American film critic, journalist and author. He was a film critic for the Chicago Sun-Times from 1967 until his death in 2013. In 1975, Ebert became the first film critic to win the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism. Ebert and Chicago Tribune critic Gene Siskel helped popularize nationally televised film reviewing when they co-hosted the PBS show Sneak Previews, followed by several variously named At the Movies programs; the two verbally traded humorous barbs while discussing films. They created and trademarked the phrase "Two Thumbs Up", used when both hosts gave the same film a positive review. After Siskel died in 1999, Ebert continued hosting the show with various co-hosts and starting in 2000, with Richard Roeper. Neil Steinberg of the Chicago Sun-Times said Ebert "was without question the nation's most prominent and influential film critic", Tom Van Riper of Forbes described him as "the most powerful pundit in America", Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times called him "the best-known film critic in America".
Ebert lived with cancer of the thyroid and salivary glands beginning in 2002. In 2006, he required treatment necessitating the removal of his lower jaw, leaving him disfigured and costing him the ability to speak or eat normally, his ability to write remained unimpaired and he continued to publish both online and in print until his death on April 4, 2013. Roger Joseph Ebert was born in Urbana, the only child of Annabel, a bookkeeper, Walter Harry Ebert, an electrician, he was raised Roman Catholic, attending St. Mary's elementary school and serving as an altar boy in Urbana, his paternal grandparents were German his maternal ancestry was Irish and Dutch. Ebert's interest in journalism began when he was a student at Urbana High School, where he was a sports writer for The News-Gazette in Champaign, Illinois. In his senior year, he was class president and editor-in-chief of his high school newspaper, The Echo. In 1958, he won the Illinois High School Association state speech championship in "radio speaking", an event that simulates radio newscasts.
Regarding his early influences in film criticism, Ebert wrote in the 1998 parody collection Mad About the Movies: Ebert began taking classes at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign as an early-entrance student, completing his high school courses while taking his first university class. After graduating from Urbana High School in 1960, Ebert attended and received his undergraduate degree in 1964. While at the University of Illinois, Ebert worked as a reporter for The Daily Illini and served as its editor during his senior year while continuing to work as a reporter for the News-Gazette of Champaign-Urbana, Illinois; as an undergraduate, he was a member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity and president of the U. S. Student Press Association. One of the first movie reviews he wrote was a review of La Dolce Vita, published in The Daily Illini in October 1961. Ebert spent a semester as a master's student in the department of English there before attending the University of Cape Town on a Rotary fellowship for a year.
He returned from Cape Town to his graduate studies at Illinois for two more semesters and after being accepted as a PhD candidate at the University of Chicago, he prepared to move to Chicago. He needed a job to support himself while he worked on his doctorate and so applied to the Chicago Daily News, hoping that, as he had sold freelance pieces to the Daily News, including an article on the death of writer Brendan Behan, he would be hired by editor Herman Kogan. Instead Kogan referred Ebert to the city editor at the Chicago Sun-Times, Jim Hoge, who hired Ebert as a reporter and feature writer at the Sun-Times in 1966, he attended doctoral classes at the University of Chicago while working as a general reporter at the Sun-Times for a year. After movie critic Eleanor Keane left the Sun-Times in April 1967, editor Robert Zonka gave the job to Ebert; the load of graduate school and being a film critic proved too much, so Ebert left the University of Chicago to focus his energies on film criticism.
Ebert began his career as a film critic in 1967. That same year, he met film critic Pauline Kael for the first time at the New York Film Festival. After he sent her some of his columns, she told him they were "the best film criticism being done in American newspapers today"; that same year, Ebert's first book, a history of the University of Illinois titled Illini Century: One Hundred Years of Campus Life, was published by the University's press. In 1969, his review of Night of the Living Dead was published in Reader's Digest. Ebert co-wrote the screenplay for the 1970 Russ Meyer film Beyond the Valley of the Dolls and sometimes joked about being responsible for the film, poorly received on its release yet has become a cult classic. Ebert and Meyer made Beneath the Valley of the Ultra-Vixens, Up!, other films, were involved in the ill-fated Sex Pistols movie Who Killed Bambi? Starting in 1968, Ebert worked for the University of Chicago as an adjunct lecturer, teaching a night class on film at the Graham School of Continuing Liberal and Professional Studies.
In 1975, Ebert received the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism. As of 2007, his reviews were syndicated to more than 200 newspapers in the United States and abroad. Ebert publish