Legal management is an academic and professional discipline, a hybrid between the study of law and management. It is considered as the best preparatory law program for those who aspire to become members of a bar. Alumni of legal management programmes pursue a professional degree in law such as Juris Doctor or Bachelor of Laws while some profess as paralegals, law clerks, political analysts, public administrators, business executives, or pursue careers in the academe; the degree was designed in the Philippines and was first introduced in Ateneo de Manila University in the 1980s by former Philippine Supreme Court Chief Justice Renato Corona. It is offered in the United States, most notably, at the University of California Berkeley. Legal management student organisations across the Philippines are represented by the Alliance of Legal Management Associations of the Philippines to the Securities and Exchange Commission, as a non-stock, non-profit, student-run corporation. Timothy Caday is the national president of ALMAP for the academic year 2017-2018.
Legal management is offered in multiple degree formats depending on the offering college or university. Its variety and flexibility is a focal point among schools that have it in their roster of academic degrees; some capitalise in while others for the business aspects. Some schools may offer the degree either as a predominantly preparatory law programme, a liberal arts focused programme, or a business and management programme. Core subjects include: law, philosophy and management. Depending on the school, the ratio of law courses to management courses vary between 40:60 to 90:10. Graduate degrees in the discipline are offered in multiple colleges and universities in the United States. Variations of the discipline can be conferred either as the following undergraduate degrees: Bachelor of Science in Legal Management Bachelor of Arts in Legal Management Bachelor of Arts in Legal Studies Bachelor of Arts in Paralegal Studies Bachelor of Science in Business Administration major in Legal Management Bachelor of Science in Management major in Legal Management Legal management alumni are trained and knowledgeable in the following gamut of disciplines: Founded in 2000, the Alliance of Legal Management Associations of the Philippines is the home of all Legal Management Student Organisations in the Philippines.
It is responsible for the promotion of all Legal Management Degree Programs in the country, is the sole and exclusive representative of the Legal Management Student Body in the Commission on Higher Education and it is duly registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as a Non-Stock, Non-Profit Student Organisation. It fosters relationships between different schools offering the Legal Management, Legal Studies, Paralegal Studies, the like degree programs through social engineering projects, academic seminars, project partnerships and nation-building initiatives. Ateneo de Naga University - Legal Management Institute of Ateneo De Naga Students Bulacan State University - Legal Management Society Cagayan State University, Andrews Campus - Association of Legal Management Students Colegio de San Juan de Letran - Letran Legal Management Society De La Salle Lipa - La Sallian Jurists De La Salle University Manila - Ley La Salle Far Eastern University Manila - Negotiorum Lex Holy Angel University - Juris Orbis Isabela State University - Ordo Justinianist Lyceum of the Philippines University Batangas - Paralegal Society Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite - Legal Studies Society Lyceum of the Philippines University Manila - Legal Studies Society New Era University - Legal Management Organization San Beda College Alabang - Junior Bedan Law Circle Alabang San Beda University Manila - Junior Bedan Law Circle Manila San Sebastian College – Recoletos de Manila - Legal Management Society University of Saint Louis Tuguegarao - Sociedad de Lex Manus University of the East Manila - Lex Societas Orientis University of Batangas, Main Campus - Association of Legal Management Majors University of Batangas, Lipa City - Gens Animus Vox Vocis Excellencia Liberum University of Mindanao - LEXIUM League of Legal Management Students University of Santo Tomas - Legal Management Society Timothy S. Caday - 2017-2018 Rhandel Colleen B.
Guimbal - 2016-2017 Eric Vincent G. Yumul - 2015-2016 Migel S. Demdam - 2014-2015 Ginalynn Marriel A. De Torres - 2013-2014 Rhandelle August M. Mabunga - 2013 Nester Mendoza - 2012 Rhodel Ishiwata Sazon - 2011-2012Note: Incomplete List Diosdado Macapagal Arroyo'97 - Member of the House of Representatives of the Philippines, Son of Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and grandson of Philippine President Diosdado Macapagal. Andres D. Bautista'90 - Former Chairman of the Philippine Commission on Elections. President of the Harvard Law School Student Council and Harvard Club of the Philippines. Antonette C. Tionko - Partner, Sycip Gorres Velayo & Co.. Camille Maria L. Castolo'10 Class Valedictorian - Legal 500 Lawyer, SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan Law. Enrique V. dela Cruz, Jr.'96 - Prov
Norwalk is a U. S. city located in southwestern Connecticut, in southern Fairfield County, on the northern shore of Long Island Sound. Norwalk lies within both the New York metropolitan area as well as the Bridgeport metropolitan area. Norwalk was settled in 1649, is the sixth most populous city in Connecticut. According to the 2010 United States Census it has had a population of 85,603. Norwalk was settled in 1649, incorporated September 1651, named after the Algonquin word noyank, meaning "point of land", or more from the native American name "Naramauke."The Battle of Norwalk took place during the Revolutionary War, lead to the burning of most of the town. In 1836, the borough of Norwalk was created. In 1853, the first train disaster in the United States happened over the Norwalk River. During the 19th and early 20th century, Norwalk was a major railroad stop for the New York, New Haven, Hartford Railroad; the city of South Norwalk and the remaining parts of the town of Norwalk were both combined in 1910 to form the current city.
The Ku Klux Klan had a brief presence in Norwalk during the 1920s, but fell apart due to internal issues. In 1955, multiple hurricanes hit thje city. During the 1970s, efforts were taken to preserve South Norwalk, resulting in the creation of the Washington Street Historic District. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.3 square miles, of which, 22.8 square miles of it is land and 13.5 square miles of it is water. Norwalk's topography is dominated by its coastline along Long Island Sound, the Norwalk River and its eastern and western banks, the Norwalk Islands; the highest elevation is 282 feet above sea level, at the summit of Middle Clapboard Hill in West Norwalk. As of the census of 2010, there were 85,603 people, 35,415 households, 21,630 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,358.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 35,415 housing units at an average density of 975.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 68.7% White, 14.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.0% from other races, 2.8% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.3% of the population. There were 35,415 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size in the city was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.16. The population's spread gives 22% under the age of 18, with 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, 12.8% aged 65 years or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females, there are 96.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $76,161, the median income for a family was $103,032; the per capita income for the city was $43,303. About 5.7% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
Pepperidge Farm, Frontier Communications, Booking Holdings have headquarters in Norwalk. St. George Greek Orthodox Festival, held in late August, the festival features Greek delicacies, Pontic Greek dance exhibitions and a large carnival. Round Hill Highland Games: a festival of Scottish culture and athletic events, was started in 1923 in Greenwich, CT but interrupted during World War II restarted in 1952, has been held in Norwalk's Cranbury Park on or around July 4 for a number of years. In 2006, the 83rd annual event attracted 4,000 people to hear bagpipes and watch the caber toss, the hammer throw, other events. Games for children are offered. Food and Scottish items are offered for sale. Organizers say. Beth Israel Synagogue AKA Canaan Institutional Baptist Church Saint Jerome Church Saint Joseph Church Saint Ladislaus Church Saint Mary Church Saint Matthew Church St. Philip Church Saint Thomas the Apostle ChurchTemple Shalom Temple Beth- El The City of Norwalk has six taxing districts; the First, Second and Sixth taxing districts are political entities with their respective voters electing officers, holding annual business meetings, approving budgets and to consider other matters, as specified in each of their charters.
Election of Taxing District Commissioners and Treasurers by voters from the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 6th districts take place in odd numbered years. The Fourth and Fifth districts are not counted as separate governments as they constitute the city proper; each taxing district has its own property tax rate reflecting the mix of services each receives from the city. Secondly, municipal elections of Mayor, Common Council, Board of Education and other positions are held in odd numbered years at thirteen polling places within five voting districts around the city. Voting districts are not the same for state and federal elections which are held on numbered years at twelve polling locations Norwalk's municipal government is a Weak-mayor form of a Mayor-Council government with the mayor of Norwalk elected by its voters; the city's charter gives certain administrative powers to the Council and others jointly to the Council and Mayor. The Common Counc
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index, median household income in the United States, it is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport, it is part of New England, although portions of it are grouped with New York and New Jersey as the Tri-state area. The state is named for the Connecticut River which bisects the state; the word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of an Algonquian word for "long tidal river". Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a small, short-lived settlement called Fort Hoop in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers. Half of Connecticut was part of the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English.
Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter; this was one of the Thirteen Colonies. Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous, the fourth most densely populated of the 50 states, it is known as the "Constitution State", the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", the "Land of Steady Habits". It was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States; the Connecticut River, Thames River, ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut a strong maritime tradition which continues today. The state has a long history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford and hedge funds in Fairfield County. Landmarks and cities of Connecticut Connecticut is bordered on the south by Long Island Sound, on the west by New York, on the north by Massachusetts, on the east by Rhode Island.
The state capital and fourth largest city is Hartford, other major cities and towns include Bridgeport, New Haven, Waterbury, Danbury, New Britain and Bristol. Connecticut is larger than the country of Montenegro. There are 169 incorporated towns in Connecticut; the highest peak in Connecticut is Bear Mountain in Salisbury in the northwest corner of the state. The highest point is just east of where Connecticut and New York meet, on the southern slope of Mount Frissell, whose peak lies nearby in Massachusetts. At the opposite extreme, many of the coastal towns have areas that are less than 20 feet above sea level. Connecticut has a long maritime history and a reputation based on that history—yet the state has no direct oceanfront; the coast of Connecticut sits on Long Island Sound, an estuary. The state's access to the open Atlantic Ocean is both to the east; this situation provides many safe harbors from ocean storms, many transatlantic ships seek anchor inside Long Island Sound when tropical cyclones pass off the upper East Coast.
The Connecticut River cuts through the center of the state. The most populous metropolitan region centered within the state lies in the Connecticut River Valley. Despite Connecticut's small size, it features wide regional variations in its landscape. Connecticut's rural areas and small towns in the northeast and northwest corners of the state contrast with its industrial cities such as Stamford and New Haven, located along the coastal highways from the New York border to New London northward up the Connecticut River to Hartford. Many towns in northeastern and northwestern Connecticut center around a green, such as the Litchfield Green, Lebanon Green, Wethersfield Green. Near the green stand historical visual symbols of New England towns, such as a white church, a colonial meeting house, a colonial tavern or inn, several colonial houses, so on, establishing a scenic historical appearance maintained for both historic preservation and tourism. Many of the areas in southern and coastal Connecticut have been built up and rebuilt over the years, look less visually like traditional New England.
The northern boundary of the state with Massachusetts is marked by the Southwick Jog or Granby Notch, an 2.5 miles square detour into Connecticut. The origin of this anomaly is established in a long line of disputes and temporary agreements which were concluded in 1804, when southern Southwick's residents sought to leave Massachusetts, the town was split in half; the southwestern border of Connecticut where it abuts New York State is marked by a panhandle in Fairfield County, containing the towns of Greenwich, New Canaan and parts of Norwalk and Wilton. This irregularity in the boundary is the result of territorial disputes in the late 17th century, culminating
Thomas Michael Menino was an American politician who served as the 53rd Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts from 1993 to 2014. He was the city's longest-serving mayor. Before becoming mayor, the Boston native was President of the Boston City Council. Menino was President of the United States Conference of Mayors and co-chair and co-founder with Michael Bloomberg of Mayors Against Illegal Guns. In January 2014, he was appointed Professor of the Practice of Political Science at Boston University, he served as Co-Founder and Co-Director of the Initiative on Cities, an urban leadership research center based at Boston University. Menino was born on December 1942, in Readville, a part of Boston's Hyde Park neighborhood, he was the son of both of Italian descent. Menino's father was a factory foreman at Westinghouse Electric, his grandparents lived on the first floor of his parents' Hyde Park home. After graduating from St. Thomas Aquinas High School in Jamaica Plain in 1960, Menino enrolled in three night classes at Boston College and began working at Metropolitan Life Insurance.
Much to his father's dismay, Menino decided. Carl Menino once recalled his son's reasons for opting out of higher education: "Truman didn't go to college," the younger Menino would tell his father. President Harry S. Truman was Menino's favorite president and was his personal hero. Menino received an Associate degree in Business Management at Chamberlayne Junior College, now Mount Ida College. During his terms as Boston City Councilor, Menino received a Bachelor of Arts in Community Planning at the University of Massachusetts Boston in 1988. Prior to running for office, Menino worked as a housing relocation specialist for the Boston Redevelopment Authority, was a research assistant for state legislative committee on housing and urban development, served an aide to state senator Joseph F. Timilty. Menino was elected Boston City Councilor for the newly created District 5 in November 1983, capturing 75 percent of the vote against Richard E. Kenney, he served the Hyde Park district for nine years.
In 1984, he was named chairman of the council's Development Committee. Menino ran unopposed for re-election in November 1985. In 1986, then-mayor Raymond Flynn offered Menino the position of Recreation Commissioner. In response to Flynn's proposal, Menino said it "surprised" him, but that he does "think about all opportunities that come before." Menino did not assume the position. He was re-elected with 87 percent of the vote. In 1988, Menino became chairman of the City Council's Finance Committee; this committee was renamed the City Council Ways and Means Committee in 1990, a name that it continues to hold today. Menino remained chairman of the Ways and Means Committee for the entirety of his tenure as City Councilor. Menino was known to be a "vigilant watchdog of the city budget,", he was again re-elected in November 1989 and November 1991. He was a founding member of the City Council's Tourists and Tourism Committee, created in 1991. In 1992, Menino planned to run for the United States Congress seat that Rep. Brian J. Donnelly was vacating.
This 11th Congressional seat served a district that stretched from the Boston neighborhood of Dorchester through communities on the South Shore and into Plymouth County. After federal courts decided to allot Massachusetts only 10 congressional seats, Donnelly's district disappeared, Menino chose to not challenge Representatives from the other districts. In March 1993, President Clinton appointed Mayor Flynn to be the United States Ambassador to the Holy See. Mayor Flynn accepted the position making Menino, President of the Boston City Council at the time, acting mayor. On July 12, 1993, Menino became acting Mayor of Boston until the upcoming November 1993 election. Menino ran against James Brett, Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives and Assistant Secretary of Energy, to secure his first mayoral bid after serving as acting mayor. Menino won 71 percent of the vote. Menino ran against Peggy Davis-Mullen, Boston City Councilor since 1994, won 76 percent of the vote. Menino ran against Maura Hennigan, Boston City Councilor since 1982, won 68% of the vote.
Menino ran against Michael Flaherty, Boston City Councilor and former City Council President, won 57% of the vote. On July 13, 2009, Menino became the longest-serving mayor in Boston history, securing an unprecedented fifth term. According to Menino's official biography, "Among his main priorities, are: providing every child with a quality education. On March 28, 2013, Menino announced. On April 25, 2006, Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg hosted a summit at Gracie Mansion in New York City, during which the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition was formed; the coalition, of which Menino remained co-chair until the finality of his mayoralty, stated its goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The initial group consisted of 15 mayors. That goal was met six months ahead of schedule, led to its current membership of more than 900 mayors, with members from both major political parties and 40 states. On July 19, 2012, Mayor Menino stated that he would work to prevent Chick-fil-A from opening restaurants within Boston, especially
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
Marywood University is a Catholic liberal arts university in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Established in 1915 by the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Marywood enrolls more than 3,400 students in a variety of undergraduate and doctoral programs; the university has a national arboretum with more than 100 types of shrubs. The Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary came to Scranton and established St. Cecilia's Academy in 1878 "for young ladies". Mount St. Mary's Seminary opened in 1902. Mother Cyril Conroy, superior in 1901, deliberately chose the term "seminary" to avoid the suggestion of a finishing school –, a much more common destination at that time for older girls who could afford to continue their education – as it was intended to be "a place where young scholars dedicated themselves to serious study"; the Motherhouse was co-located with the seminary. Its buildings suffered major damage during a fire in the 1970s; as a result, the Jesuit Scranton Preparatory School a boys' school, became co-educational to accommodate the girls.
The arch, now known as "Memorial Arch", which stood at the entrance to the seminary-cum-motherhouse, still stands on the present-day campus and the former seminary's name can be seen engraved on it. The seminary was the next time step to the Sisters' ultimate goal: to open a women's college in Scranton. Marywood College opened with Mother Germaine O'Neil as president and treasurer, it was the fifth Catholic women's college in the United States. The first batch of students graduated in 1919 with a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, or Bachelor of Letters. By the 1930s, the college had diversified its curriculum, offering subjects ranging from the social sciences to pre-medical. In 1937, the Sisters turned down an invitation to merge with St. Thomas College under the Christian Brothers. St. Thomas came under the administration of the Jesuits after World War II and is now the University of Scranton. By the 1970s, other single-sex Catholic colleges and universities in the Diocese such as College Misericordia and King's College were becoming co-educational and Marywood followed suit, opening its doors to male students in the fall of 1989.
In 1997 it was granted university status by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. Over half the campus is located in Dunmore. Marywood's programs are administered through four degree-granting colleges, with 60 bachelor's degree, 36 master's degree, two doctoral degrees, two terminal degrees by program. All students are required to complete a core curriculum in the liberal arts in addition to the courses in their major. Undergraduates may enroll in double majors and independent study programs, practicums and study abroad, as well as Army and Air Force ROTC programs. Marywood University is an NCAA Division III member of the Atlantic East Conference; the official name given is the Marywood Pacers. Marywood competes at the varsity level in baseball, cross-country, field hockey, lacrosse, softball and diving, volleyball. In addition, Marywood has announced it will add track and field to its roster of varsity sports in 2014. Students may choose from more than 30 intramural programs, including club sports, as well as fitness options, recreational classes, activity clubs.
The Aquatics Center, opened in 2011, has an 8-lane NCAA regulation pool, 3-meter diving board, 1-meter diving boards, competition gutters, seating for 200 spectators. The Center for Natural and Health Sciences houses several academic departments, including Mathematics, Science and Administrative Studies; the Swartz Center for Spiritual Life, opened in 2007, contains the Marian Chapel, Campus Ministry, Conference and Event Services. The Fricchione Day Care Center, built in 1991, is a child development center for children of Marywood staff and students. Immaculata Hall was built in the 1950s, it was called Alumnae Hall, it was renamed to honor Sister M. Immaculata Gillespie, Marywood's first dean, it houses the the Office of Planning and Institutional Research. The Insalaco Center for Studio Arts, completed in 2001, houses the Kresge Gallery and features drawing and painting studios showcasing naturally-lit rooms with fine views of the campus. There are studios and equipment for woodworking, fiber arts, jewelry-making, sculpture, printmaking, a computer Mac lab, private and semi-private studios for upper level BFA, MA, MFA students.
The Learning Resources Center, opened in 1968, houses the University's main library. The Learning Commons, is a 21st Century library that focuses on empowering the learner, it is a scholars’ gathering place, where students from all disciplines converge and expand their horizons further. The facility includes traditional library services & facilities, a state of the art automatic book-retrieval system, knowledge bar & atrium, regional archives, center for Communication Arts, entrepreneurial launchpad, center for transformational teaching and learning and group study rooms, a cafe, audio/visual rooms, seminar rooms, a memorial garden; the Liberal Arts Center houses many academic departments, including Religious Studies, Social Sciences and Foreign Languages. The Admissions Office is located here. Maria Hall, one of the original campus structures, now houses the University Development/Advancement Office; the Media Center is home to TV Marywood and WVMW-FM 91.7. The Center for Athletics and Wellness includes a 1,500 seat arena, a 5,000-square-foot fitness center, other athletic facilities.
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university, school, or college that one attended. In US usage it can mean the school from which one graduated; the phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its current usage, alma mater was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses Ceres or Cybele, in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary, it entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto Alma Mater Studiorum, which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world. It is related to alumnus, a term used for a university graduate that means a "nursling" or "one, nourished". Although alma was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele and other mother goddesses, it was not used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin. In the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the phrase is attributed to Lucretius' De rerum natura, where it is used as an epithet to describe an earth goddess: After the fall of Rome, the term came into Christian liturgical usage in association with the Virgin Mary.
"Alma Redemptoris Mater" is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary. The earliest documented use of the term to refer to a university in an English-speaking country is in 1600, when the University of Cambridge printer, John Legate, began using an emblem for the university's press; the device's first-known appearance is on the title-page of William Perkins' A Golden Chain, where the Latin phrase Alma Mater Cantabrigia is inscribed on a pedestal bearing a nude, lactating woman wearing a mural crown. In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is cited in 1710, when an academic mother figure is mentioned in a remembrance of Henry More by Richard Ward. Many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name; the University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum, refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, have used the expression in conjunction with geographical or foundational characteristics.
At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, Austria, an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010, uses the term as its official name. In the United States, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, has been called the "Alma Mater of the Nation" because of its ties to the country's founding. At Queen's University in Kingston and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the main student government is known as the Alma Mater Society; the ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant. Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses. For example, in the United States: there is a well-known bronze statue of Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French situated on the steps of Columbia University's Low Library. An altarpiece mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage, depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth, standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences.
Outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, with Feliciana Villalón Wilson as the inspiration for Alma Mater, it was installed in its current location in 1927, at the direction of architect Raul Otero. Media related to Alma mater at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of alma mater at Wiktionary Alma Mater Europaea website