University of Michigan
The University of Michigan simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The university is Michigan's oldest; the school was moved to Ann Arbor in 1837 onto 40 acres of. Since its establishment in Ann Arbor, the university campus has expanded to include more than 584 major buildings with a combined area of more than 34 million gross square feet spread out over a Central Campus and North Campus, two regional campuses in Flint and Dearborn, a Center in Detroit; the university is a founding member of the Association of American Universities. Considered one of the foremost research universities in the United States with annual research expenditures approaching $1.5 billion, Michigan is classified as one of 115 Doctoral Universities with Very High Research by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. As of October 2018, 50 MacArthur Fellows, 25 Nobel Prize winners, 6 Turing Award winners and 1 Fields Medalist have been affiliated with University of Michigan.
Its comprehensive graduate program offers doctoral degrees in the humanities, social sciences, STEM fields as well as professional degrees in architecture, medicine, pharmacy, social work, public health, dentistry. Michigan's body of living alumni comprises more than 540,000 people, one of the largest alumni bases of any university in the world. Michigan's athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are collectively known as the Wolverines, they are members of the Big Ten Conference. More than 250 Michigan athletes or coaches have participated in Olympic events, winning more than 150 medals; the University of Michigan was established in Detroit on August 26, 1817 as the Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania, by the governor and judges of Michigan Territory. Judge Augustus B. Woodward invited The Rev. John Monteith and Father Gabriel Richard, a Catholic priest, to establish the institution. Monteith became its first president and held seven of the professorships, Richard was vice president and held the other six professorships.
Concurrently, Ann Arbor had set aside 40 acres in the hopes of being selected as the state capital. But when Lansing was chosen as the state capital, the city offered the land for a university. What would become the university moved to Ann Arbor in 1837 thanks to Governor Stevens T. Mason; the original 40 acres was the basis of the present Central Campus. This land was once inhabited by the Ojibwe and Bodewadimi Native tribes and was obtained through the Treaty of Fort Meigs. In 1821, the university was renamed the University of Michigan; the first classes in Ann Arbor were held in 1841, with six freshmen and a sophomore, taught by two professors. Eleven students graduated in the first commencement in 1845. By 1866, enrollment had increased to 1,205 students. Women were first admitted in 1870, although Alice Robinson Boise Wood had become the first woman to attend classes in 1866-7. James Burrill Angell, who served as the university's president from 1871 to 1909, aggressively expanded U-M's curriculum to include professional studies in dentistry, engineering and medicine.
U-M became the first American university to use the seminar method of study. Among the early students in the School of Medicine was Jose Celso Barbosa, who in 1880 graduated as valedictorian and the first Puerto Rican to get a university degree in the United States, he returned to Puerto Rico to practice medicine and served in high-ranking posts in the government. From 1900 to 1920, the university constructed many new facilities, including buildings for the dental and pharmacy programs, natural sciences, Hill Auditorium, large hospital and library complexes, two residence halls. In 1920 the university reorganized the College of Engineering and formed an advisory committee of 100 industrialists to guide academic research initiatives; the university became a favored choice for bright Jewish students from New York in the 1920s and 1930s, when the Ivy League schools had quotas restricting the number of Jews to be admitted. Because of its high standards, U-M gained the nickname "Harvard of the West."
During World War II, U-M's research supported military efforts, such as U. S. Navy projects in proximity fuzes, PT boats, radar jamming. After the war, enrollment expanded and by 1950, it reached 21,000, of which more than one third were veterans supported by the G. I. Bill; as the Cold War and the Space Race took hold, U-M received numerous government grants for strategic research and helped to develop peacetime uses for nuclear energy. Much of that work, as well as research into alternative energy sources, is pursued via the Memorial Phoenix Project. In the 1960 Presidential campaign, U. S. Senator John F. Kennedy jokingly referred to himself as "a graduate of the Michigan of the East, Harvard University" in his speech proposing the formation of the Peace Corps speaking to a crowd from the front steps of the Michigan Union. Lyndon B. Johnson gave his speech outlining his Great Society program as the lead speaker during U-M's 1964 spring commencement ceremony. During the 1960s, the university campus was the site of numerous protests against the Vietnam War and university administration.
On March 24, 1965, a group of U-M faculty members and 3,000 students held the nation's first faculty-led "teach-in" to protest against American policy in
Illinois Wesleyan University
Illinois Wesleyan University is an independent undergraduate liberal arts college in Bloomington, Illinois. Founded in 1850, the central portion of the present campus was acquired in 1854 with the first building erected in 1856, it offers over 80 majors and programs in the liberal arts, the fine arts and eight pre-professional areas. The university's mission is to foster the traditional liberal arts of creativity and knowledge, its motto – Scientia et sapientia, or "Knowledge and wisdom" – was coined by famed explorer and Wesleyan Professor John Wesley Powell. The university was founded in 1850 as a private four-year college in Illinois. Illinois Wesleyan is an independent, liberal arts university with an approximate enrollment of 1,700, it offers over 80 majors and programs. The university maintains a low student/faculty ratio of 10 to 1, with an average class size of 15 Also, more than 9 in 10 IWU students receive a scholarship or need-based assistance. Illinois Wesleyan is ranked as one of the "best values" in the nation.
Illinois Wesleyan is a member of the Annapolis Group and its strong foundations in the liberal arts have earned it chapters in the prestigious Phi Beta Kappa and Phi Kappa Phi honor societies. The university consists with 17 academic departments. Illinois Wesleyan's campus occupies 82 acres a short walk north from downtown Bloomington in central Illinois. IWU's School of Nursing was established in 1959. Applicants apply directly to the School of Nursing and graduate in 4 years with a BSN; the course work individualized education and experience. Bachelor's degree programs are offered in three Colleges: College of Liberal Arts College of Fine Arts School of Nursing Illinois Wesleyan's Ames Library was completed in 2002, it contains over 368,000 volumes spread over five floors. The Ames Library houses 8 sets of stained glass panels from Pembroke College at Oxford University. Among the special collections are the papers of former U. S. Representative Leslie C. Arends. Construction cost $25.7 million. Illinois Wesleyan offers a May Term course option.
The university refers to it as a 4–4–1 system. This allows any student who has completed a full course-load in either the Spring or Fall Semesters of that academic year to enroll in a May Term class. May Term classes last three weeks during the month of May. Students take several hours of instruction in the same course each day for five days each week; this allows the students to immerse themselves in that one topic. At the end of the May Term a student completes the equivalent of a single course during one semester. May Term emphasizes curricular experimentation, offers an opportunity for service projects, study-abroad, internships. Illinois Wesleyan offers a number of study abroad opportunities, ranks in the top 40 schools in the nation for students studying abroad. IWU's International Office provides support for over 300 global Study Abroad Options in 70 countries through various institutes such as IES and SIT Study Abroad. Domestically, IWU offers a UN semester, a Washington Semester, the Associated Colleges of the Midwest Chicago Program.
Internationally it offers programs in Barcelona. It maintains a strong relationship with Pembroke College and traditionally a few juniors can spend a year there as exchange students; the university publishes several different undergraduate research journals in the fields of Political Science, Economics and English. The first of its kind, the Undergraduate Economic Review is a student-managed, open access journal that has published original undergraduate content from students in the U. S. and at least 15 other countries. Its'internal twin', the Park Place Economist publishes original work of Economics seniors graduating Illinois Wesleyan University. Articles range from basic topical explorations to focused senior research. All published volumes are available online; the John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference was established in 1990 to provide opportunities for students to present research projects and findings in a public and interactive manner. The Action Research Center was established in 2004 to partner student research and service projects with the wider Illinois community.thumbnail Illinois Wesleyan University participates in the NCAA's Division III and is a member of the College Conference of Illinois and Wisconsin.
Illinois Wesleyan teams have won 136 6 Division III National Championships. Illinois Wesleyan has produced 117 Academic All-American student athletes since the program began in 1970, a total, tied for 13th among all participating colleges and universities, regardless of NCAA division. Illinois Wesleyan University's Division III athletic teams, known as the "Titans," helped found the College Conference of Illinois and Wisconsin in 1946. Illinois Wesleyan was a member of the Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference from 1910–1937; the Titans have 22 varsity teams, 11 men's and 11 women's, with the addition of men's and women's lacrosse in 2014 and 2015, res
Fundraising or fund-raising is the process of gathering voluntary contributions of money or other resources, by requesting donations from individuals, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies. Although fundraising refers to efforts to gather money for non-profit organizations, it is sometimes used to refer to the identification and solicitation of investors or other sources of capital for for-profit enterprises. Traditionally, fundraising consisted of asking for donations on the street or at people's doors, this is experiencing strong growth in the form of face-to-face fundraising, but new forms of fundraising, such as online fundraising, have emerged in recent years, though these are based on older methods such as grassroots fundraising. Fundraising is a significant way that non-profit organizations may obtain the money for their operations; these operations can involve a broad array of concerns such as religious or philanthropic groups such as research organizations, public broadcasters, political campaigns and environmental issues.
Some examples of charitable organizations include student scholarship merit awards for athletic or academic achievement and ecological concerns, disaster relief, human rights and other social issues. Some of the most substantial fundraising efforts in the United States are conducted by colleges and universities; the fundraising, or "development" / "advancement," program, makes a distinction between annual fund appeals and major campaigns. Most institutions use professional development officers to conduct superior fundraising appeals for both the entire institution or individual colleges and departments. Examples of this include libraries. Important are fundraising efforts by all recognized religious groups throughout the world; these efforts are organized on a local and global level. Sometimes, such funds will go toward assisting the basic needs of others, while money may at other times be used only for evangelism or proselytism. Religious organizations mix the two, which can sometimes cause tension.
Fundraising plays a major role in political campaigns. This fact, despite numerous campaign finance reform laws, continues to be a controversial topic in American politics. Political action committees are the best-known organizations that back candidates and political parties, though others such as 527 groups have an impact; some advocacy organizations conduct fundraising for-or-against policy issues in an attempt to influence legislation. While public broadcasters are government-funded in much of the world, there are many countries where some funds must come from donations from the public. In the United States less than 15% of local public broadcasting stations' funding comes from the federal government. Pledge drives, a type of annual giving occur about three times each year lasting one to two weeks each time. Viewership and listenership decline during funding periods, so special programming may be aired in order to keep regular viewers and listeners interested. Fundraising can come from a variety of sources using a variety methods.
These include grants from non-profit foundations or corporations. Income from endowment is not fundraising but rather the fruits of the investment of previous fundraising. Non-profit organizations raise funds through competing for grant funding. Grants are offered by governmental units and private foundations/charitable trusts to non-profit organizations for the benefit of all parties to the transaction. Charitable giving by corporations is estimated to be $15.29 billion in 2010. This consists of corporate grants as well as matching volunteer grants. 65% of Fortune 500 companies offer employee matching gift programs and 40% offer volunteer grant programs. These are charitable giving programs set up by corporations in which the company matches donations made by employees to eligible nonprofit organizations or provides grants to eligible nonprofit organizations as a way to recognize and promote employee volunteerism; the donor base for higher education includes alumni, friends, private foundations, corporations.
Gifts of appreciated property are important components of such efforts because the tax advantage they confer on the donor encourages larger gifts. The process of soliciting appreciated assets is called planned giving; the classic development program at institutions of higher learning include prospect identification, prospect research and verification of the prospect's viability, cultivation and stewardship, the latter being the process of keeping donors informed about how past support has been used. When goods or professional services are donated to an organization rather than cash, this is called an in-kind gift. A number of charities and non-profit organizations are using the internet as a means to raise funds. For example, the NSPCC operates a search engine which generates funds via Pay per click links, Better The World operates tools allowing funds to be raised via members viewing ethical ads on a browser sidebar and/or blog widget. Save the Children's Dave Hartman wrote after the $1 Million Operation Sharecraft online campaign, "We may have reached our mark, but this is just the beginning of a new era of fundraising and using social media and digital technology to better the world."
While fundraising involves the donation of money as an outright gift, money may be generated by selling a product of some kind, als