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Richard Hu

Richard Hu Tsu Tau is a former People's Action Party politician in Singapore. He served as the Minister of Finance for 16 years from 1985 to 2001, was a Director of Government of Singapore Investment Corporation Pte Ltd, he is the son of doctor Hu Tsai Kuen. Dr Richard Hu Tsu Tau was educated at the Anglo-Chinese School. In 1952, Hu obtained his Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry from the University of California in the United States and subsequently pursued a postgraduate diploma and a doctorate degree in Chemical Engineering, both from the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom. Hu joined the Royal Dutch Shell Group of Companies in 1960 and rose to the position of Chairman and Chief Executive of this global company in Singapore between 1977 and 1983. In 1983, Hu became the Managing Director of the Monetary Authority of Singapore and the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation, holding both posts concurrently until 1984. Hu contested as a People's Action Party candidate in the Kreta Ayer Single Member Constituency in 1984 General Elections and won the election.

Following the elections, he became the Minister for Health for two years from 1985 to 1987 and the Minister of Finance for 16 years from 1985 to 2001. As the Minister of Finance, Hu is best known by his signature on the'Ship' series of legal tender notes issued after his appointment, he introduced the Goods and Services Tax in 1993. As part of deregulation and reform of its financial and banking sectors, Hu oversaw the privatisation of the government-run Post Office Savings Bank and the sale of POSB to the Development Bank of Singapore in 1998. On April 13, 2004, Hu joined the Board of Singaporean property development company CapitaLand and was elected Chairman the same day, until his retirement in 2012, he was the Chairman of GIC Real Estate Pte Ltd and Asia Financial Holdings Pte Ltd, as well as a Director of the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation and a Director of Buildfolio. Com. Inc Hu served as the Chancellor of the Singapore Management University from July 2002 to August 2010.

In 2013, Hu was appointed as senior advisor of Neave board. Hu is married to Irene Tan Dee Leng, has one son and one daughter, he is a Hakka Chinese. AIMR Conference Proceedings May 1996, Volume 1996 Issue 5

An Act to eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees

An act to eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees is a bill, introduced into and passed by the United States House of Representatives in the 113th United States Congress. It was introduced by Rep. Ron DeSantis on January 15, 2013 and it passed the House with a vote of 261-154 on February 15, 2013; the bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, continuing a pay freeze, in effect since 2011. According to the Congressional Budget Office, this measure would save the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. In December 2010, President Obama issued executive order 13561 carrying out a two-year federal employee pay freeze. Two years on December 27, 2012, he issued a new order, Executive Order #13635, which would end the pay freeze and give civilian federal employees a 0.5% raise in 2013. The bill was proposed in response to this executive order; the bill was introduced into the House by Rep. Ron DeSantis on January 15, 2013. By the time the Bill has passed in the House, H.

R. 273 had gained all of them Republicans. The Bill was referred to the United States House Committee on Government Reform; the Bill was freshman congressman Ron DeSantis' first bill introduced in Congress. The Bill passed the House on February 15, 2013 with a vote of 261-154; the vote was Roll No. 44. 218 Republicans voted with only 10 voting against. 43 Democrats voted with 144 against. The Bill was referred to the United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; the Bill did not pass the Democratic-controlled Senate. The Bill would amend the Continuing Appropriations Act of 2011, to extend through December 31, 2013: the freeze on statutory pay adjustments for federal employees and officials, the prohibition against any member of the Senior Executive Service or any senior level employee in the executive branch from receiving an increase in his or her rate of basic pay absent a change of position that results in a substantial increase in responsibility or a promotion.

The Bill would eliminate the delayed statutory pay adjustment contained in the 2013 Continuing Appropriations Resolution, permitted to take effect with the first applicable pay period beginning after March 27, 2013. The Bill would only prevent an across-the-board increase to all federal employees' pay, it would not effect promotions, or tenure based pay increases. According to the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office, enacting the Bill would save the government $11 billion over 10 years. Republican lawmakers, such as Rep. Rob Woodall, argued that it was necessary to freeze federal pay due to the debt crisis the government faced and further argued that this was appropriate because federal workers make more money on average than their private sector counterparts, according to a 2012 Congressional Budget Office report; the two-year pay freeze that federal workers experienced was recommended by the bipartisan Simpson-Bowles Commission to last three-years instead of two. The Bill was supported by conservative groups such as the Club for Growth, Heritage Action for America, the National Taxpayers Union, Americans for Tax Reform, FreedomWorks.

The White House released a statement opposing the Bill, arguing that federal workers had not received any raises since 2011. The President did not, threaten to veto the Bill. Federal employee unions, as well as organizations such as the National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association expressed opposition to the Bill. Joseph Beaudoin, the President of NARFE, argued that “continuing the pay freeze will only exacerbate the problem of an underpaid federal workforce and weaken the quality of our federal civil service over time.”Other arguments against the Bill included one from Rep. Bill Pascrell who said that “this is one of the dumbest bills I’ve seen come to this floor” because any savings would not affect the deficit. General Schedule United States Congress#Privileges and pay Executive Schedule National debt of the United States This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Government. Thomas H. R. 273 H. R. 273 H.

R. 273 H. R. 273 H. R. 273 - House Republicans' H. R. 273 page Article from Rep. DeSantis on H. R. 273

Caves of Arcy-sur-Cure

The caves of Arcy-sur-Cure are a series of caves located on the commune of Arcy-sur-Cure, France. Some of them contained archaeological artefacts, from the Mousterian to Gallo-Roman times; some hold remarkable parietal art, the second oldest presently known after those of the Chauvet cave. Another notable characteristic of these caves is the time-long series of pollen, related to determined and consistent archaeological levels. Between 1947 and 1963, they were searched by the French prehistorians Arlette and André Leroi-Gourhan. Listed monument historique in 1992, they are open to the public. Arcy-sur-Cure is 30 km south-east of Auxerre, in the Yonne departement; the caves are 1.3 km south on the left bank of the river Cure. At this place the river has meandered through the coral limestone substrate, creating a valley bordered by crests standing 125 m up from the present river bed; the caves are on the outer side of it where the flow is at its strongest. Most of them are south-orientated, with the most western ones turned towards the south-east.

At that place the erosional valley shows steep sides, in some parts akin to cliffs. Several caves are distributed at various levels. Following its inhabitants from the Lower Palaeolithic culture in the Pleistocene era, the caves have sheltered Neanderthals from the Middle Palaeolithic. Modern humans followed, with Aurignacians, Proto-Solutreans and Magdalenians. All in all the caves were inhabited up to the Middle Ages, they are owned by Mr. Gabriel de la Varende, who allows and has supported archaeologic research from the beginning. Open at both ends, collapsing ground closed one of the caves when the underground water flow diminished; this cave now ends with basins at ground level formed by limestone deposits left by the water. There are several lakes. Fifteen cavities at various altitudes and of various locations and contents, are grouped in that bend of the river: Great cave Lagopède shelter Horse cave, about 60 m long. Hyena cave Trilobite cave, highest among all the caves of the site, it opens between the Hyena cave and Bear cave.

Its name comes from a trilobite fossil found in it by Dr. Ficatier from Auxerre. Bear cave Reindeer cave Schoepflin gallery Bison cave Wolf cave Lion cave Fairies cave Two Flows cave Small shelter, Large shelter Goulettes cave Prehistoric parietal paintings were discovered by Pierre Guilloré in April 1990 in the Great cave, protected by a thin layer of lime/calcite sediments hiding them from view, but engravings of animals are recorded at the latest in 1946. Some of the paintings were destroyed by regular cleanings of the cave's walls with high-pressurized water sprays between 1976 and 1990. At the time no-one thought that under the black smoke layer – at least some of it having come from torches carried during past centuries' visits –, prehistoric paintings could exist under a thin layer of lime sediments hiding them from view. Made on walls in cave rooms located 300 to 500 m away from the entrance, the paintings are 28,000 years old for the oldest, according to radiocarbon dating measures on charcoal remains discovered in these cave rooms in the corresponding strata.

Thus they are the second oldest after the Chauvet Cave, well before those of Lascaux. The paintings were executed with charcoal. One finds there at the same time some hands of men and children, some representations of animals; the hands are'negative hands': they are represented by outlines and not by their surface. One knows today that at least one hand was drawn with some ochre with the help of a pipette. To represent animals, the first European Homo sapiens chose parts of the walls of which the relief, under the torches' flickering lighting, would come out as shapes that reminded of the animals' anatomy, such as eyes or the antlers of large deer, they used the paint sparingly, drawing only the elements that the relief did not show. Only the animals' outlines were represented, the inside being left blank. Here the animals' feet are open, a feature, characteristic to these caves, they are portrayed with one leg at the front and one leg at the rear. Among the most interesting paintings, one finds a mammoth drawn and a prehistoric stag whose antlers could be 4 meters tall depicted while using reliefs in the wall.

Other animals appear among the paintings, such as bear and woolly rhinoceros. The lowest parts of the caves are filled with water. One finds there stalagmites, columns and the Virgin's room. One of the lakes shows a remarkable phenomenon of limestone deposit that covers the surface of the water, falls to the bottom periodically comes back up to the surface; this phenomenon does not seem directly due to bacteria. Some parts of this phenomenon are akin to calcite rafts; the stalactites grow at the noticeable rate of about 1 cm every 100 years. Engraved figures on some wall

Wim Duisenberg

Willem Frederik "Wim" Duisenberg was a Dutch politician of the Labour Party and economist. He served as President of the European Central Bank from 1 June 1998 until 1 November 2003. Duisenberg attended a Gymnasium in Heerenveen from May 1947 until June 1953. Duisenberg applied at the University of Groningen in June 1954 majoring in Economics and obtaining an Bachelor of Economics degree in June 1956 before graduating with an Master of Economics degree in July 1961. Duisenberg worked as a researcher at the University of Groningen from July 1961 until September 1965 and got an doctorate as an Doctor of Philosophy in Development economics in April 1965. Duisenberg worked as a financial analyst for the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D. C. from January 1966 until March 1969 and as a civil servant for the Central Bank of the Netherlands from March 1969 until February 1970. Duisenberg worked as a professor of Macroeconomics at the University of Amsterdam from 1 February 1970 until 11 May 1973.

After the election of 1972 Duisenberg was appointed as Minister of Finance in the Cabinet Den Uyl, taking office on 11 May 1973. The Cabinet Den Uyl fell on 22 March 1977 after four years of tensions in the coalition and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity. Duisenberg was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1977, taking office on 8 June 1977 but he was still serving in the cabinet and because of dualism customs in the constitutional convention of Dutch politics he couldn't serve a dual mandate he subsequently resigned as a Member of the House of Representatives on 8 September 1977; the Cabinet Den Uyl was replaced by the Cabinet Van Agt-Wiegel following the cabinet formation of 1977 on 11 May 1973 and he subsequently returned as Member of the House of Representatives after the resignation of Wijnie Jabaaij, taking office on 16 January 1978 serving as a frontbencher and spokesperson for Finances. In June 1978 Duisenberg was named as Chief financial officer of the Rabobank, he resigned as a Member of the House of Representatives the same day he was installed as Chief financial officer on 28 June 1978.

In November 1981 Duisenberg was nominated as the President of the Central Bank of the Netherlands, he resigned as Chief financial officer of the Rabobank the same day he was installed as President of the Central Bank of the Netherlands, taking office on 1 January 1982. In June 1997 Duisenberg was nominated as the President of the European Monetary Institute, he resigned as President of the Central Bank of the Netherlands the same day he was installed as President of the European Monetary Institute, taking office on 1 July 1997. In May 1998 the European Monetary Institute was reformed to the European Central Bank with Duisenberg nominated as the first President of the European Central Bank, serving from 1 June 1998 until 1 November 2003. Duisenberg retired after spending 30 years in national politics and became active in the private sector and public sector and occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards and as an advocate and lobbyist for Financial regulation and European integration.

Duisenberg was known for his abilities as a negotiator. Duisenberg continued to comment on political affairs as an statesman until his death after suffering a heart Attack and drowning in a swimming pool. Duisenberg holds the distinction as the first serving President of the European Central Bank. Willem Frederik Duisenberg was born on 9 July 1935 in the Frisian city of Heerenveen in the Netherlands, he was the son of Lammert Duisenberg, a waterworks supervisor, Antje Ykema. He went to a public primary school in his hometown, he went to secondary school, first one year of hogere burgerschool and gymnasium with natural sciences in Heerenveen. In 1954, Duisenberg moved to Haren, he studied at the University of Groningen in Groningen from 1954 to 1961, where he received his doctorandus degree cum laude in economics, majoring in international relations. He was a member of Groninger Studentencorps Vindicat atque Polit. In 1959, he became a member of the Labour Party. In 1960, he married Tine Stelling.

In 1965, he obtained his doctor degree with his thesis De economische gevolgen van de ontwapening under the supervision of professor F. J. de Jong. Duisenberg subsequently worked for the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D. C. for years followed by a year as an advisor to the director of the Nederlandsche Bank, the Dutch central bank in Amsterdam. He was appointed a professor at the University of Amsterdam where he taught macroeconomics. From 1973 to 1977, Duisenberg was Minister of Finance under Prime Minister Joop den Uyl. Shortly afterwards, he gave up his seat in the Dutch parliament to become vice president of Rabobank, a Dutch bank. Two years he was appointed director of the Nederlandsche Bank, serving as its president from 1982 to 1997, his tenure at the Dutch central bank was marked by reserve. Under his direction, the Dutch guilder was linked to the German Deutsche Mark, this benefited the Dutch economy, owing to the strength of the German currency, he followed German central bank's interest rate policies which earned him the nickname "Mr Fifteen Minutes" because he followed any interest rate changes made by the Deutsche Bundesbank.

Owing to the success of his monetary policy, he became well known in other European countries, this led to his appointment in 1998 as the first

Jeff Raspe

Jeff Raspe is Music Director at NPR-affiliated, non-commercial, triple-A station WBJB-FM in Lincroft, New Jersey. WBJB-FM, Brookdale Public Radio, is known as 90.5 The Night. Jeff Raspe, who began his career in radio on Halloween in 1988, is an avid music enthusiast who has received the Asbury Park Music Award for Top Radio Personality several years running. Prior to joining the WBJB staff, he was a DJ at modern rock radio station WHTG-FM, 106.3 FM, from October 1988 until March 2001. While there he hosted the new music radio show called "The Underground." In March 2001, the station was purchased by Press Communications, he moved to WBJB. Raspe hosts two radio shows at WBJB, "Music with Jeff and Darren" on weekday afternoons from 3:00 to 7:00 pm, "Fresh Tracks," a new music show, at 11:00 pm on Tuesday, they can be heard at online. In the course of his time at WBJB, Raspe has interviewed such notable acts as Matthew Sweet, Jim Keller, The Saw Doctors, Rich Robinson, Cowboy Junkies, among others.

Raspe worked for independent record label, "Absolute A Go Go Records" whose artists have included Phish, The Vestrymen, Tiny Lights, The Figgs, Black Sun Ensemble and "Miracle Management," whose artists include Miracle Legion, Shelleyan Orphan, The Figgs. Raspe coordinated and served as executive producer on a tribute album for the New Jersey band Winter Hours for Main Man Records called "A Few Uneven Rhymes" in 2008. Artists on the recording included Gordon Gano, The Ryan Brothers, Matthew Caws, several members of The Feelies. In 2011, Raspe was a co-producer on another Main Man Records project; the album, while controversial, was critically lauded and featured performances by artists such as The Donnas, The Dandy Warhols and original Runaways singer Cherie Currie. Raspe is known to friends and fans as "Unkajeff." When not in the studio, he frequents local live music venues on the New Jersey Shore. Raspe has been quoted as saying “In other musical communities, you’re lucky to have four or five good bands come out of it every few years.

In Asbury, you’ll have four or five good bands to see on a Tuesday.” Raspe has served as the host of the Asbury Park Music Awards at The Stone Pony for several years, has hosted shows co-sponsored by WBJB and The Saint in Asbury Park, NJ. Raspe has served as volunteer emcee for the annual Light of Day shows to benefit Parkinson’s Disease, he has served on the awards committee for the Jersey Acoustic Music Awards. WBJB 90.5 The Night, Brookdale Public Radio RaspeRadio


Paramythia is a town and a former municipality in Thesprotia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Souli, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit; the municipal unit has an area of 342.197 km2. The town's population is 2,730 as of the 2011 census. Paramythia acts as a regional hub for several small villages in the Valley of Paramythia, features shops, schools, a gym, a stadium and a medical center. Primary aspects of the economy are trade; the town overlooks the valley, below. The Castle of Paramythia was built on a hill in one of the highest points of the town during the Byzantine period and today is open to the tourists; the modern Egnatia Highway which links Igoumenitsa with Ioannina, goes through the valley, north of the town of Paramythia. The name "Paramythia" derives from one of the Virgin Mary's names in Greek. During the Byzantine era the town was known as Agios Donatos, after Saint Donatus of Evorea, the town's patron saint; this is the basis of the Albanian and the Turkish name of Paramythia, Ajdonat and Aydonat.

The Paramythia municipal unit consists of 23 communities. The total population of the municipal unit is 7,459; the town of Paramythia itself has a population of 2,730 and lies in an amphitheatre at an altitude of 750 m, at the foot of Mount Gorilla, between the Acheron and the Kalamas rivers. The Gorilla range lies on the eastern side of the Chionistra to the Northeast. At the city limits is the Kokytos River, one of the rivers of the underworld in Greek mythology. Paramythia's valley is one of the largest in Thesprotia and is one of the major agricultural areas in Epirus; the earliest known inhabitants of the area were the Greek tribe of the Chaonians. Late bronze antiquities have been found in the "Tsardakia" area were a Mycenean settlement existed. Paramythia originated with the ancient Chaonian city of Photike, named after Photios, a leader of the Chaonians. A famous hoard of bronzes dating from the mid 2nd Century AD, nineteen bronze sculptures were discovered during the 1790s, near the village of Paramythia.

Soon after their discovery, the hoard was dispatched to St Petersburg, to become part of Catherine the Great's collection. After her death, the original hoard was dispersed to various European collections. Fourteen of the statuettes reached the British Museum. Photike, as with the rest of Epirus, became part of the Roman and subsequently Byzantine Empires. In the late Roman era it was renamed after Saint Donatus of Evorea. Following the fall of Constantinople to the Fourth Crusade in 1204, Photike became part of the Despotate of Epirus; the Despotate remained independent for the next two centuries, maintaining the Greek Byzantine traditions. In 1359 the Greek notables of the region together with those of nearby Ioannina sent a delegation to the Serb ruler Symeon to support their independence against possible attacks by Albanian tribesmen; the town remained part of the Despotate of Epirus but during the reign of despot Thomas II Preljubović the Greek commanders of Photike/Agios Donatos refused to accept them as their ruler.

The town fell to the Ottomans in 1449. Paramythia was part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Ioannina. A Greek language school, had been attested since 1682, it declined and close in the mid-18th century, another Greek school was continuously operating from the late 17th century and at 1842 was expanded with additional classes. In 1854 a major revolt took place in Epirus and the town came under the control of guerilla Souliote forces that demanded the union of Epirus with Greece. Population movements to the town that occurred from the middle of the 19th century weakened the Muslim elite and led to the gradual Hellenization of former Albanian-majority towns in the area such as Paramythia in the 1920s. After the end of the Balkan Wars the town became part of the Greek state, as with the rest of Epirus region. On February 23, 1913 the gang of Deli Janaqi, assisted by local authorities massacred 72 Cham Albanian men. During the interwar period, Paramythia was a centre of the Albanian speaking area of Chameria and an Albanian speaking market town that after 1939 became Greek speaking.

During the Greek-Italian War the town was burned by Cham Albanian bands In the following Axis occupation of Greece the town had a population of 6,000 inhabitants. All buildings inhabited by Muslim Albanians in the town were destroyed during World War II warfare. On the night of 27 September 1943, Cham militias arrested 53 Greek citizens in Paramythia and executed 49 of them two days later; this action was orchestrated by the brothers Nuri and Mazar Dino in order to get rid of the town's Greek representatives and intellectuals. According to German reports, Cham militias were part of the firing squad. During September 20–29, as a result of serial terrorist activities, at least Greek 75 citizens were killed in Paramythia and 19 municipalities were destroyed. On September 30, the Swiss representative of the International Red Cross, Hans-Jakob Bickel, visited the area and confirmed the atrocities committed by the Cham militia in collaboration with the Axis forces. Sotirios Voulgaris, the notable Greek who founded the jewelry and luxury goods company Bulgari.

His jewelry store in Paramythia survives. Following his wish, his sons funded the building of the elementary school of the town. Dionysius the Philosopher, Greek monk