MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
The Waterboys (album)
This eponymously named debut album from The Waterboys was recorded in several studio sessions between December 1981 and November 1982. Allmusic describes the sound of the album as "part Van Morrison, part U2"; the album cover is a photograph of lead singer Mike Scott by Panny Charrington and designed by Stephanie Nash. The Waterboys logo appears in the pale blue box in the upper right-hand corner of the original album cover; the symbol, which symbolizes water, continued to be used throughout the band's history. It was designed by Stephanie Nash of Island Records. In 1981 Mike Scott was working in the punk rock band Funhouse, who had changed their name from Another Pretty Face. Signed to the record label Ensign Records, the group had moved to London to record their music. Scott had been unsatisfied with the group's sound, which he described as "similar to a jumbo jet flying on one engine", in December 1981 decided to use Redshop Studio to record some of his own songs solo, after prompting from Ensign Records to consider a solo career.
With the help of a drum machine, Scott sang, played the piano and guitar on each of five songs. Two recordings from this studio demo session would make their way onto the first Waterboys album, "December" and "The Three Day Man"; the quality of the session convinced Scott to leave Funhouse. Scott made further series' of recordings on his own at Redshop in February and August 1982, which yielded the following tracks: "Savage Earth Heart", "It Should Have Been You", "Gala" and "Where Are You Now When I Need You?". In spite of his label's advice, Scott instead began forming a new band to work with. In early 1982 he recruited Anthony Thistlethwaite for the new project. Scott first heard Thistlethwaite on a Nikki Sudden album. Thistlethwaite brought in a friend of Kevin Wilkinson, as a drummer. Sudden describes the events as Scott "stealing" the two away, but notes that Scott could afford to pay Thistlethwaite and Wilkinson, whereas Sudden could not. Scott and Thistlethwaite recorded "A Girl Called Johnny" in Spring of 1982, with Wilkinson and bassist Nick Linden they recorded further new tracks in November 1982 at Redshop Studio, Islington, of which one, "I Will Not Follow", appears on this album.
Ensign flew Scott to New York to record with Lenny Kaye, as the producer. The recording session went poorly, the material was not released in favour of recordings from the various London sessions. After two single releases of "A Girl Called Johnny" in March 1983, The Waterboys was released that July. A remastered version of the album with a number of extra tracks was released on 23 April 2002 by Capitol Records. "A Girl Called Johnny" had been released both as a seven-inch and as a 12-inch single in March 1983, preceding the album by four months. The song, a tribute to Patti Smith, "narrowly failed" to become a hit; the B-side on the seven-inch was "The Late Train to Heaven", the "Rockfield mix" of, released on a re-issue of A Pagan Place, the group's next album. The twelve-inch contained "Ready for the Monkey House", the Another Pretty Face song "Out of Control" and an acoustic version of "Somebody Might Wave Back", the last of which would appear in a full studio version on A Pagan Place. "December" was released as a single in both seven-inch and twelve-inch formats, with similar commercial results.
The seven-inch's B-side was "Where are You Now When I Need You?", while the twelve-inch included an alternate recording of "The Three Day Man" and "Red Army Blues", a song that would be included on A Pagan Place. An extended live version of "Savage Earth Heart", a song which had become a "live show stopper" was re-released as a B-side on the single for "Is She Conscious?" from A Rock in the Weary Land. All songs written by Mike Scott; the original vinyl LP had eight tracks. "December" "A Girl Called Johnny" "The Three Day Man" "Gala" "I Will Not Follow" "It Should Have Been You" "The Girl in the Swing" "Savage Earth Heart" The original vinyl LP had five tracks. "A Girl Called Johnny" – 3:54 "I Will Not Follow" – 5:14 "It Should Have Been You" – 4:32 "December" – 6:45 "Savage Earth Heart" – 6:40 The 2002 re-release contained additional songs, from the original demo recordings, single releases, other early Waterboys work. "December" – 6:48 "A Girl Called Johnny" – 3:57 "The Three Day Man" – 4:08 "Gala" – 9:31 "Where are You Now When I Need You?"
– 5:06 "I Will Not Follow" – 5:18 "It Should Have Been You" – 4:30 "The Girl in the Swing" – 4:27 "Savage Earth Heart" – 6:40 "Something Fantastic" – 3:12 "Ready for the Monkeyhouse" – 3:59 "Another Kind of Circus" – 4:05 "A Boy in Black Leather" – 7:04 "December" – 6:49 "Jack of Diamonds" – 0:50 Mike Scott – vocals, guitar, Danelectro Bellzouki electric 12-string guitar, bass guitar, mandolin Anthony Thistlethwaite – saxophone, mandolin, drums Kevin Wilkinson – drums Delahaye – organ Nick Linden – bass guitar, background vocals Norman Rodger – bass guitar Ray Massey – drums Stephen W Tayler – bass, keyboardsTechnicalJason Stokes, Jim Preen, Stephen W Tayler - engineer Panni Charrington - photography
Sharon Shannon is an Irish musician best known for her work with the accordion and for her fiddle technique. She plays the tin whistle and melodeon, her self-titled debut album, in 1991, Sharon Shannon was the best-selling album of traditional Irish music released there. Beginning with Irish folk music, her work demonstrates a wide-ranging number of musical influences, she won the lifetime achievement award at the 2009 Meteor Awards. Shannon was born in County Clare. At eight years old, she began performing with Disirt Tola, a local band, with which she toured the United States at the age of fourteen. Shannon worked as a competitive show jumper, but gave it up at the age of sixteen to focus on her music.. She abandoned studying at University College Cork. In the mid-1980s, Shannon studied the accordion with Karen Tweed and the fiddle with Frank Custy, performed with the band Arcady, of which she was a founding member. Shannon began her own recording career in 1989, working with producer John Dunford and musicians such as Adam Clayton, Mike Scott and Steve Wickham.
This led to Shannon's joining The Waterboys. She was with the band for eighteen months, contributed both accordion and fiddle to their Room to Roam album, her first world tour was with The Waterboys. She left the group shortly after Wickham's departure, as the band was forced back to a more rock and roll sound, her debut album, in 1991, Sharon Shannon is the best-selling album of traditional Irish music released there. Shannon's solo work has achieved remarkable airplay and commercial success in Ireland. After her inclusion on A Woman's Heart, a compilation album and a tribute to her work on The Late Late Show, Shannon's music received a great deal of exposure, contributing to the record-breaking sales of her debut album. Sharon's second album, Out The Gap, was produced by Dennis "Blackbeard" Bovell and had a distinctly reggae feel. Sharon's track, "Cavan Potholes", written by Dónal Lunny is featured on the 1996 compilation Common Ground: Voices of Modern Irish Music. Other stars on the album include Elvis Costello, Kate Bush and Bono.
Sharon's fourth album titled Spellbound was released in September 1998. This compilation featured new material, live tracks and tracks from previous albums. In 1998 Sharon was asked by violinist Nigel Kennedy to join a him in performing on his "Jimi Hendrix Suite" performing this work in some major European cities, her 2000 album, The Diamond Mountain Sessions, which included vocals from a wide variety of artists, was a commercial success, being certified triple platinum. Shannon recorded with Steve Earle on the song "The Galway Girl", released on both Earle's album Transcendental Blues, Shannon & Friends' The Diamond Mountain Sessions. Both albums were released in 2000. Another collaboration with Earle was the instrumental "Dominic Street", released on Earle's 2002 album Sidetracks. Shannon has worked with Jackson Browne, the band Coolfin, Dónal Lunny, Moya Brennan, Kirsty MacColl, Christy Moore, Sinéad O'Connor, Liam O'Maonlai and John Prine, amongst others. In 2004 Sharon Shannon released the album Libertango with guest spots from Róisín Elsafty, Sinéad O'Connor and the late Kirsty MacColl.
In 2005, she appeared on Tunes, a collaboration with Frankie Gavin, Michael McGoldrick, Jim Murray. In 2006 a celebration of 15 years of recording came out with The Sharon Shannon Collection 1990–2005. In 2007 Shannon has worked with Belinda Carlisle for her album Voila; as a solo musician, Sharon Shannon has toured Australia, Hong Kong, Japan. She has performed for politicians such as Bill Clinton, Mary Robinson and Lech Wałęsa. Shannon has played benefit concerts for causes, such as animal welfare, she continues to perform with her tour band, The Woodchoppers. A live version of Galway Girl recorded with Mundy was the most downloaded track in Ireland in 2007, winning a Meteor Award. In 2008, Shannon featured in the Transatlantic Sessions. In 2009, she played "Galway Girl" live at the Meteor Music Awards 2009, where she picked up a Lifetime Achievement Award and won Most Downloaded Track again for Galway Girl with Mundy. Shannon features playing accordion on The Lee Thompson Ska Orchestra single "Bangarang", which features Dawn Penn as vocalist.
It was released on 26 May 2014. Beginning with Irish folk music, her work demonstrates a wide-ranging number of musical influences, including reggae, cajun music, Portuguese music, French Canadian music, her single ``. Sharon Shannon Track listing at irishtune.info. Out the Gap Track listing at irishtune.info Each Little Thing Track listing at irishtune.info Spellbound: The Best Of Sharon Shannon The Diamond Mountain Sessions Live in Galway Libertango Tunes Track listing at irishtune.info The Sharon Shannon Collection 1990–2005 Live at Dolans CD & DVD Renegade Saints & Scoundrels upside down Flying Circus – with the RTÉ Concert Orchestra In Galway with Alan Connor Sacred Earth Recorded and released on Irish record label Celtic Collections Live at Dolans In Galway with Alan Connor ^ "CD of the Month - The Celtic Times". The Celtic Times. Retrieved 29 Nov 2017. ^ a b "Sharon Shannon". RamblingHouse. Retrieved 30 October 2005. ^ "Sharon Shannon biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 30 October 2005. ^ "News".
The Daisy Label, archived at The Internet Archive. Archived from the original on 24 January 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2008. Official website
Mike Scott (musician)
Michael Scott is a Scottish singer and musician. He is the founding member, lead singer and songwriter of rock band The Waterboys, he has produced two solo albums, Bring'em All In and Still Burning. Scott is a vocalist and pianist, has played a large range of other instruments, including the bouzouki and Hammond organ on his albums. Scott is a published writer, having released his autobiography, Adventures of a Waterboy, in 2012. Having begun a musical career in the 1970s that has continued to this day, Scott has been making music professionally since the 1980s and is well known for his radical changes in music genres throughout what he refers to as his "allegedly unorthodox" career. Scott lives in Dublin, Ireland. Scott was raised in Edinburgh, his father, Allan Scott, left the family when Mike was ten years old, but the two were reunited in 2007. Scott was interested in music from an early age. At age 12, after the family had moved to Ayr, he began a serious interest in learning guitar. Scott remembers that, "from the minute bought" Last Night in Soho by Dave Dee, Beaky, Mick & Tich in 1968 "knew had to be in music", mentions listening to Hank Williams as a "life-changing" experience.
The next year, Scott was playing in school bands and formed the band Karma, named after the tenet in Hinduism, with a friend named John Caldwell. Karma's sound was inspired by The Beatles and Bob Dylan. In 1977 Scott entered the University of Edinburgh, studying English philosophy. Scott would arrange poetry from William Butler Yeats, Robert Burns, George MacDonald for The Waterboys recordings. Other literary influences on Scott's career include The Diary of Vikenty Angorov. Scott left the University of Edinburgh after his first year. Scott became interested in the British punk music scene, began writing for fanzines starting his own, Jungleland. Scott was interested in the music of The Clash and Patti Smith, a tribute to whom, "A Girl Called Johnny", would become the first Waterboys single. Scott and a guitarist named Allan McConnell formed a band, The Bootlegs, which gave way to Another Pretty Face in 1978 when Caldwell and two other friends joined; the friends created their own record label, named New Pleasures, "obtained financial backing from the enigmatically named Z" and began releasing Another Pretty Face's singles.
The band achieved remarkable success with their first single "All the Boys Love Carrie"/"That's Not Enough" when New Musical Express named it "Single of the Week". The band signed a contract with Virgin Records, was featured on the cover of Sounds magazine, toured with Stiff Little Fingers. Virgin, after receiving a demo tape from Another Pretty Face, released the band four months after the signing. Nikki Sudden, who had interviewed Another Pretty Face in Edinburgh for ZigZag magazine, asserts that "the APF stuff is still some of Mike Scott’s best work". In 1980 through 1982 Scott, amongst other projects, worked with Sudden. Another Pretty Face continued to release music and recorded a Peel Session on 18 February 1981; the band came to the attention of Nigel Grainge, founder of Ensign Records. Grainge signed Another Pretty Face to the label, the band moved to London, changing its name to Funhouse. Scott had become dissatisfied with the band, he described Funhouse's sound as "similar to a jumbo jet flying on one engine".
Scott began working on solo songs and recordings, a decision that led to the creation of The Waterboys. A December 1981 session at Redshop Studios formed the beginnings of The Waterboys' first album, The Waterboys; the Waterboys' membership has changed a great deal throughout the group's existence. Anthony Thistlethwaite, Karl Wallinger, Kevin Wilkinson and Steve Wickham all made major contributions, but Scott describes the band as his project. "o me there's no difference between Mike Scott and the Waterboys. They mean myself and whoever are my current travelling musical companions." The Waterboys' first release was a single of "A Girl Called Johnny" in March 1983. The first album came out that June. Along with The Waterboys, the next two albums, A Pagan Place and This Is the Sea, released in 1984 and 1985, contained songs written by Scott, together formed the band's "Big Music" period. After the official addition of fiddler Steve Wickham and a move to Ireland, the next two albums Fisherman's Blues and Room to Roam were instead Celtic music-inspired folk music, a sound similar to that of We Free Kings, a band that Scott and Wickham performed with in 1986.
Scott's musical style changed again to a more guitar based sound when he, under the name The Waterboys but without any other members, recorded Dream Harder, in 1993. It was a return to the "Big Music" sound but the last album to come out under the band's name until 2000; the band had dissolved over personnel issues and Wickham's desire to remain with a folk-rock, or purely folk music, sound. After two Mike Scott solo albums, A Rock in the Weary Land was released under The Waterboys name, demonstrating yet another musical style, which Scott called "Sonic rock". 2002's Universal Hall was a return to a folk-rock sound. It was followed by Karma to Burn, released in 2005, the group's first official live album, Book of Lightning, released in 2007, An Appointment With Mr Yeats, released in 2011. In addition to the albums he released with The Waterboys, Scott released two solo albums in the 1990s; the first Bring'Em All In, was recorded at the Findhorn Foundation in north Scotland, with Mike Scott playing all instruments himself.
Musician and author Daniel Leviti
Steve Wickham is an Irish musician. From Marino, but calling Sligo home, Wickham played violin on the classic U2 song "Sunday Bloody Sunday", as well as recordings by Elvis Costello, the Hothouse Flowers, Sinéad O'Connor, World Party, he is a long-standing member of The Waterboys. Wickham plays both rock and roll and traditional Irish music, has developed a rock music technique for violin he calls the "fuzz fiddle". Wickham is accomplished with the mandolin, tin whistle, saxophone, piano and bones, he identifies Lou Reed, Van Morrison, Toni Marcus, Mozart as musical influences, amongst others, Mick Ronson. He is described by Mike Scott as "the world's greatest rock fiddle player" and by New Musical Express as a "fiddling legend." Scott invited Wickham to participate in The Waterboys after hearing his work on an O'Connor demo tape at Wallinger's studio. Wickham contributed his fiddle to the song "The Pan Within" on The Waterboys' This. After the album was released, Wallinger left The Wickham joined the group officially.
Wickham invited Scott to move The Waterboys to Dublin, Ireland in 1986. Wickham's influence and the new environment resulted in the traditional Irish music and traditional Scottish music sound of Fisherman's Blues. In 1990, preferring an acoustic sound over rock, disagreed with Scott and Anthony Thistlethwaite over the direction of The Waterboys, the group disbanded. Scott reformed the band seven years later. Wickham appeared as a guest at some Waterboys concerts in Dublin in 2000, according to Scott "it felt so good he re-joined the band"; the Waterboys now continue to record tour, with Wickham as a prominent member. While some of the band's recent releases have been dominated by a rock sound, such as the album A Rock in the Weary Land, Wickham's musical preferences can be seen in Universal Hall and in his own side-projects. Wickham regularly performs with the Sligo Early Music Ensemble. Wickham has experimented with a technique he calls "fuzz fiddle" inspired by rock fiddler Warren Ellis and the genre of grunge music.
Wickham's first attempt at a distorted rock fiddle sound was with a band named Juggler, which existed between 1978 and 1981. Wickham fed his fiddle through a guitar distortion pedal, but disliked the amount of feedback and the fact that it "was difficult to control". While attending a Nick Cave concert with Scott, Wickham observed Ellis use a fiddle with a fuzz pedal successfully. Wickham, after experimenting with some combinations, settled upon an amplifier and pedal combination he was pleased with, "and the fuzz-fiddle was reborn". Wickham has used the technique for The Waterboys song "Is She Conscious?", a cover of Bruce Springsteen's "Independence Day" and, in a nod to Jimi Hendrix's version of "The Star Spangled Banner", has used it in a performance of "Amhrán na bhFiann". Wickham has performed on numerous albums as a band member, his first solo album, Geronimo was released in 2004. The album is named after Wickham's name for his "beloved" violin. Solo albums: Geronimo Beekeeper As a band member The Waterboys: This Is the Sea Fisherman's Blues Room to Roam The Best of the Waterboys 81–90 The Secret Life of the Waterboys 81–85 The Live Adventures of the Waterboys The Whole of the Moon: the Music of Mike Scott and the Waterboys Too Close to Heaven as Fisherman's Blues, Part 2 in the United States Universal Hall Karma to Burn Book of Lightning An Appointment with Mr Yeats As a featured instrumentalist: Declan O Rourke: Since Kyabram Cali: Menteur Elvis Costello: Spike Hothouse Flowers: Home Sinéad O'Connor: The Lion and the Cobra I Do Not Want What I Haven't Got Sean-Nós Nua U2: War World Party: Private Revolution Goodbye Jumbo "Lazy Days" "Mouth of the Shannon" "Fado" "The Hunter" "One of these Days" "A Snow Year" "Midnight Boy" "Lament for Pearl" "The Livestock Polka" "Polka Art O Leary" "Point to Point" "The Eclipse" Homepage 1982 Interview Geronimo lyrics
Folk rock is a hybrid music genre combining elements of folk music and rock music, which arose in the United States and the United Kingdom in the mid-1960s. In the U. S. folk rock emerged from the folk music revival and the influence that the Beatles and other British Invasion bands had on members of that movement. Performers such as Bob Dylan and the Byrds—several of whose members had earlier played in folk ensembles—attempted to blend the sounds of rock with their preexisting folk repertoire, adopting the use of electric instrumentation and drums in a way discouraged in the U. S. folk community. The term "folk rock" was used in the U. S. music press in June 1965 to describe the Byrds' music. The commercial success of the Byrds' cover version of Dylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man" and their debut album of the same name, along with Dylan's own recordings with rock instrumentation—on the albums Bringing It All Back Home, Highway 61 Revisited, Blonde on Blonde —encouraged other folk acts, such as Simon & Garfunkel, to use electric backing on their records and new groups, such as Buffalo Springfield, to form.
Dylan's controversial appearance at the Newport Folk Festival on 25 July 1965, where he was backed by an electric band, was a pivotal moment in the development of the genre. During the late 1960s in Britain and Europe, a distinct, eclectic British folk rock style was created by Pentangle, Fairport Convention and Alan Stivell. Inspired by British psychedelic folk and the North American style of folk rock, British folk rock bands began to incorporate elements of traditional British folk music into their repertoire, leading to other variants, including the overtly English folk rock of the Albion Band and Celtic rock. In its earliest and narrowest sense, the term "folk rock" refers to the blending of elements of folk music and rock music, which arose in the U. S. and UK in the mid-1960s. The genre was pioneered by the Byrds, who began playing traditional folk music and songs by Bob Dylan with rock instrumentation, in a style influenced by the Beatles and other British Invasion bands; the term "folk rock" was coined by the U.
S. music press to describe the Byrds' music in June 1965, the month in which the band's debut album was issued. Dylan contributed to the creation of the genre, with his recordings utilizing rock instrumentation on the albums Bringing It All Back Home, Highway 61 Revisited, Blonde on Blonde. In a broader sense, folk rock encompasses inspired musical genres and movements in different regions of the world. Folk rock may lean more towards either folk or rock in instrumentation and vocal style, choice of material. While the original genre draws on music of Europe and North America, there is no clear delineation of which other culture's music might be included as influences; the term is not associated with blues-based rock music, African American music, Cajun-based rock music, nor music with non-European folk roots. There are some exceptions; the American folk-music revival began during the 1940s. In 1948, Seeger formed the Weavers, whose mainstream popularity set the stage for the folk revival of the 1950s and early 1960s and served to bridge the gap between folk, popular music, topical song.
The Weavers' sound and repertoire of traditional folk material and topical songs directly inspired the Kingston Trio, a three-piece folk group who came to prominence in 1958 with their hit recording of "Tom Dooley". The Kingston Trio provided the template for a flood of "collegiate folk" groups between 1958 and 1962. At the same time as these "collegiate folk" vocal groups came to national prominence, a second group of urban folk revivalists, influenced by the music and guitar picking styles of folk and blues artist such as Woody Guthrie, Lead Belly, Brownie McGhee, Josh White came to the fore. Many of these urban revivalists were influenced by recordings of traditional American music from the 1920s and 1930s, reissued by Folkways Records. While this urban folk revival flourished in many cities, New York City, with its burgeoning Greenwich Village coffeehouse scene and population of topical folk singers, was regarded as the centre of the movement. Out of this fertile environment came such folk-protest luminaries as Bob Dylan, Tom Paxton, Phil Ochs, Peter and Mary, many of whom would transition into folk rock performers as the 1960s progressed.
The vast majority of the urban folk revivalists shared a disdain for the values of mainstream American mass culture and led many folk singers to begin composing their own "protest" material. The influence of this folk-protest movement would manifest itself in the sociopolitical lyrics and mildly anti-establishment sentiments of many folk rock songs, including hit singles such as "Eve of Destruction", "Like a Rolling Stone", "For What It's Worth", "Let's Live for Today". During the 1950s and early 1960s in the UK, a parallel folk revival referred to as the second British folk revival, was led by folk singers Ewan MacColl and Bert Lloyd. Both viewed British folk music as a vehicle for leftist political concepts and an antidote to the American-dominated popular music of the time. However, it wasn't until 1956 and the advent of the skiffle craze that the British folk revival crossed over into the mainstream and connected with British youth culture. Skiffle renewed popularity of folk music forms in Britain and led directly to the progressive folk movement and the attendant B
Fisherman's Blues is a 1988 album by The Waterboys. The album marked a change in the band's sound, with them abandoning their earlier grandiose rock sound for a mixture of traditional Irish music, traditional Scottish music, country music, rock and roll. Critics were divided on its release with some disappointed at the change of direction and others ranking it among The Waterboys' best work; the album was the Waterboys' best selling album, reaching a number 13 placing on the U. K. charts on release, 76 on the Billboard 200. The history behind Fisherman's Blues begins with Steve Wickham's contribution to "The Pan Within" on the preceding Waterboys album This Is the Sea. Wickham joined the group in 1985 after This Is the Sea had been released. Mike Scott, The Waterboys' leader, spent time in Dublin with Wickham, moved to Ireland in 1986; that year The Waterboys performed "Fisherman's Blues" on The Tube, the first time the new musical direction the band was taking was demonstrated. The recording sessions for the album produced a great deal of music.
The sessions began at Windmill Lane Studio in Dublin and lasted from January through March 1986. An additional session took place that December in San Francisco. From March to August 1987 The Waterboys were recording in Windmill Lane again. Scott moved to Galway and another year passed as the band recorded at Spiddal House, where Scott was living; the entire second side of the original record is made up of recordings from this 1988 session. The album was released that October. Scott describes the process. More songs from the album's recording sessions were released on Too Close to Heaven, or Fisherman's Blues, Part 2 as it was titled in the United States, in 2002 by BMG and Razor and Tie Entertainment, respectively. Other songs from the sessions were unreleased for years, including a cover of Bob Dylan's "I'll Be Your Baby Tonight", "The Man With the Wind at His Heels", "Stranger to Me", "Saints and Angels", "Born to Be Together". A remastered "Collector's Edition" with additional tracks was released in May 2006.
A 7-CD box set, containing 121 tracks from the album sessions including all those on the original record and subsequent editions, plus a further 85 unreleased tracks was released on 14 October 2013. The title track reached third place on Billboard's Modern Rock chart; the single for the song reached position 32 on the UK singles charts in 1989 and position 75, when re-issued in 1991. Country music song "The Lost Highway", featuring Liam Ó Maonlaí on piano, appeared on the B-side. "Fisherman's Blues" was used on the pilot episode of the TV series Lights Out, has appeared on the soundtracks of the movies Good Will Hunting, Waking Ned Devine and Dream with the Fishes. Actress Emilia Clarke performed a cover version for the film Dom Hemingway. "Sweet Thing" is a "surprisingly successful" cover of a song by Van Morrison from Morrison's 1968 album, Astral Weeks. The Waterboys' version on this album is a medley; the Waterboys' cover of "Sweet Thing" appeared on the second compact disc of the re-release of This Is the Sea.
"Strange Boat" lends its title to Ian Abrahams' biography of Mike Scott and The Waterboys, while the song "World Party" was the inspiration for Karl Wallinger's band name. It reached position 19 on Billboard's Modern Rock chart, was voted number 69 on the KROQ Top 106.7 Countdown of 1989. Jimmy Hickey, of the instrumental song "Jimmy Hickey's Waltz", was a member of the album's production crew; the track begins with a recording of some conversation and laughter, which continues in the background as a violin begins to play a short waltz. The recording ends with some applause. "And a Bang on the Ear", in which Scott summarizes a past romantic attachment in each verse, finishing the song with a current "woman of the hearthfire", was released as the second single from the album. A live version of "The Raggle Taggle Gypsy" made up the B-side. A studio version of "The Raggle Taggle Gypsy" would appear on The Waterboys' next album Room to Roam; the single failed to chart. Confusion amongst listeners about what a bang on the ear might be about prompted The Waterboys' Frequently Asked Questions page to note, more than ten years that it was "a term of affection".
A "bang" means a kiss and this Irish phrase of "bang on the ear" can best be considered equivalent to the more common phrase "peck on the cheek". "Has Anybody Here Seen Hank" is a country music tribute to Hank Williams, listening to whom Scott described as "a life-changing experience". The Waterboys had paid tribute to a different influence on Scott, Patti Smith, with the song "A Girl Called Johnny" on their first album, The Waterboys. "Dunford's Fancy" was written by Wickham for Steve Dunford, brother to Waterboys producer John Dunford."The Stolen Child" was the first William Butler Yeats poem that The Waterboys put to music. Another Yeats poem "Love and Death" appeared on Dream Harder in 1993. "The Stolen Child", spoken by traditional Irish vocalist Tomás Mac Eoin with backup vocals by Scott, remains the group's "most famous poetic rendition". The final song is only a brief snippet of the Woody Guthrie folk song "This Land Is Your Land" with some of the American place names replaced with Irish ones.
The album was included in the book. "Fisherman's Blues" – 4:26 "We Will Not Be Lovers" – 7:03 "Strange Boat" – 3:06 "World Party" – 4:01 "Swe