Richard Smith, known professionally as Richard O'Brien, is an English-New Zealand actor, writer and television presenter. He wrote the musical stage show The Rocky Horror Show in 1973 which became an international success and has remained in continuous production, he co-wrote the screenplay of the film adaptation The Rocky Horror Picture Show, released in 1975, appearing in the film as Riff Raff. O'Brien appeared in the film as Dr Cosmo McKinley. O'Brien played the role of Gulnar in the ITV series Robin of Sherwood, he presented the television show The Crystal Maze for Channel 4 from 1990 to 1993. O'Brien appeared as Damien in the 1997 film Spice World, the following year he played the role of Mr. Hand in the film Dark City. In 2001, he starred as Lord Vladimere Hellsubus in the film Elvira's Haunted Hills. O'Brien played the voice of Lawrence Fletcher, the title characters' father in Phineas and Ferb. O'Brien was born Richard Smith in Gloucestershire, he emigrated with his family to Tauranga, New Zealand, at the age of 10, where his accountant father had purchased a sheep farm.
He went to Tauranga Boys' College. He returned to England in 1964, after having learned how to ride horses and developing a keen interest in comic books and horror films, he launched his acting career using his maternal grandmother's name, as there was an actor named Richard Smith. He says that his time in New Zealand instilled him with a sense of egalitarianism and gave him "a great sense of freedom". To improve his acting skills, O'Brien took method acting classes, joined several stage productions as an actor. In 1970, he went into the touring production of Hair for nine months, spent another nine months in the London production. In the summer of 1972, he met director Jim Sharman who cast him as an Apostle and Leper in the London production of Jesus Christ Superstar. Sharman cast O'Brien as Willie, the alien in his March 1973 production of Sam Shepard's The Unseen Hand at the Royal Court Theatre Upstairs. Sharman helped make O'Brien's draft of a gothic-themed, schlock-horror comic-book fantasy romp into a reality.
Sharman suggested changing the working title from They Came from Denton High, The Rocky Horror Show opened at the Theatre Upstairs in June 1973. Within weeks it had become a box-office hit, moving from the Royal Court to the Pheasantry, a nearby venue in the King's Road to the Classic Cinema and into the West End at the Comedy Theatre. After seeing the second night's performance of The Rocky Horror Show in the Theatre Upstairs, Jonathan King produced the original cast soundtrack in just over 48 hours during an off-stage weekend, rushed it out on his UK Records label, he became a 20% backer with producer Michael White, who put up the remaining 80%. During this period, O'Brien and his wife Kimi Wong recorded and released pop singles under the name Kimi and Ritz. O'Brien continued writing musicals with arranger Richard Hartley, including: T. Zee, The Stripper, Top People. O'Brien and Hartley provided three songs for the film The Return of Captain Invincible, starring Alan Arkin. O'Brien wrote his one-man revue Disgracefully Yours singing as Mephistopheles Smith.
O'Brien became a serial bit-part film actor and has appeared in Jubilee, Flash Gordon, Dark City, Ever After and Dungeons & Dragons, among others. Additionally he guest starred in five episodes in the third series of the HTV dramatisation of Robin of Sherwood, as the corrupt druid Gulnar. A music CD of the songs from Disgracefully Yours entitled Absolute O'Brien was released in 1998, he became the presenter of UK Channel 4's game show The Crystal Maze in 1990, specialising in sardonic put-downs, occasional eccentricities and playing his harmonica at random intervals. The show ran from 1990 with O'Brien presenting the first four series, it was Channel 4's highest-rated programme, reaching a peak of 7 million viewers for the 1993 Christmas special. O'Brien left The Crystal Maze in 1993 after the fourth series. After two series without O'Brien, the show was cancelled. In other roles O'Brien has conceptualised and played the role of the Child Catcher in the West End theatre production of Chitty Chitty Bang Bang.
He occasionally performs cabaret-style music and comedy on stages around the world, singing songs from Rocky Horror among others. In 1995, he performed a select number of shows as the devilish charmer Mephistopheles Smith in a musical/comedy show he wrote entitled Disgracefully Yours, to which he gave permission to be adapted into a musical, first by Eubank Productions for the Kansas City Fringe Fest in 2006, more by Janus Theatre Company for the Edinburgh Fringe 2007 entitled Mephistopheles Smith. In late 2005, he appeared in the pantomime version of Snow White, which played at the Milton Keynes Theatre. In the summer of 2006, he played the Child Catcher in the Queen's 80th birthday celebrations at Buckingham Palace. O'Brien performed in Thank-You for the Music, a 90-minute ABBA documentary for ITV, directed by Martin Koch, who directed the musical Mamma Mia! The documentary included a remake of the mini musical'"The Girl with the Golden Hair" which ABBA performed during their 1977 world tour and featured on ABBA: The Album.
Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar is a 1960 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by Nemai Ghosh. The film stars S. V. Subbaiah in the lead roles; the film had musical score by M. B. Sreenivasan; the film won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil along with Kalathur Kannamma. K. Vijayan as Murugesan S. V. Subbaiah S. V. Sahasranamam L. Vijayalakshmi Chandini R. Muthuraman T. K. Balachandran M. S. Sundari Bai Nemai Ghosh and M. B. Sreenivasan formed a production company called Kumari Films, with contributions from more than 50 shareholders; each of them contributed an amount ranging from ₹500 to ₹ 5,000 to start the banner. None of the members contributed more than ₹ 5,000. Kumari Films' inaugural production Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar was launched by the communist leader P. Jeevanandham; the film was the second directorial venture of Ghosh, who worked as cinematographer. Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar addresses the trade union movement of India, was scripted keeping the Communist Party of India ideology in mind.
The music was composed by M. B. Sreenivasan, while the lyrics were written by Jayakanthan, Pattukkottai Kalyanasundaram and K. C. S. Arunachalam; the playback singers were T. M. Soundararajan, Thiruchi Loganathan, P. B. Sreenivas, A. L. Raghavan, A. S. Mahadevan, S. Janaki and P. Susheela. Vaali wrote the song "Koduthadellam Koduthan" for this film but it was rejected by Ghosh, instead used in Padagotti; the song "Thennankeetru" is based on Valaji raga, was set to tune with a xylophone. Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar was released on 18 November 1960; the Indian Express in its review dated July 22, 1960 reviewed the film during its preview noted "The plot unfolds itself with easy tempo and unflagging interest. The songs are exceptionally homely. Photography and sound recording are superb". Despite critical acclaim, the film did not succeed commercially. According to film historian Randor Guy, "internal dissensions spoiled the film's release and caused it to flop." Rajadhyaksha, Ashish. Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema.
Oxford University Press. Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar on IMDb
Matsue Domain was a Japanese domain of the Edo period. It was associated with Izumo Province in modern-day Shimane Prefecture. In the han system, Matsue was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area; this was different from the feudalism of the West. The domain was controlled from what is now Matsue Castle in Shimane; the hereditary daimyō were head of the head of the domain. Horio clan, 1600–1633 Horio Yoshiharu Horio Tadauji Horio TadaharuKyōgoku clan, 1634–1637 Kyōgoku TadatakaMatsudaira clan, 1638–1871 Matsudaira Naomasa Matsudaira Tsunataka Matsudaira Tsunachika Matsudaira Yoshitō Matsudaira Nobuzumi Matsudaira Munenobu Matsudaira Harusato Matsudaira Naritsune Matsudaira Naritoki Matsudaira Sadayasu List of Han Abolition of the han system "Matsue" at Edo 300
Doliskana is a Georgian medieval Orthodox monastery in the Medieval Georgian kingdom of Klarjeti. It is now used as a mosque, its construction was finished during the rule of Sumbat I of Iberia. It is located high above the right bank of the Imerkhevi River. On the exterior walls of the church are several short inscriptions in Georgian written in the Georgian Asomtavruli script. One mentions the titular king Sumbat I of Iberia; the inscriptions have been dated to the first half of the 10th century. Translation: "Christ, glorify our King Sumbat with longevity." Translation: "Saint Michael, Saint Gabriel." Translation: "Created by the hand of bishop Gabriel." Translation: "Saint Stephen, have mercy on priest Gabriel." Translation: "Jesus Christ, have mercy on the church of our kings, o Christ have mercy." Virtualtao-klarjeti.com - Doliskana
Randolph is an unincorporated community in Coos County, United States, founded as a "black sand" gold mining boomtown in the 1850s. Although it is considered a ghost town because there are no significant structures left at the site, the USGS classifies Randolph as a populated place, it is on the north bank the Coquille River about 7 miles north of Bandon and about 3 miles east of the Pacific Ocean. The community was established during a brief gold rush in Coos County by a Doctor Foster and a Captain Harris. According to History of Southern Oregon, they named the place after John Randolph of Roanoke, a Virginia politician. However, an article published by the Oregon Historical Society in 1957 suggests two other possibilities: that it was named for Randolph, Massachusetts, or for one of the founders of Port Orford, Randolph Tichenor; the site was first located several miles northwest of its current location, near the confluence of Whisky Run–a small stream–and the ocean. The sands at this location were mined between 1853 and 1855.
A legend states that two miners buried a five-gallon can of gold dust under a tree in those days, but when they returned a forest fire had swept through the area, so they were unable to locate the gold, which has never been found. The locale was named Whisky Run, at one time it had the largest population of any gold camp on the coast approaching that of Jacksonville. Whisky Run was established in close proximity to an existing village of Coquille people known as the Nasomah tribe. Relations between the large group of miners and the small group of Nasomah grew tense after a series of sexual assaults on Coquille women and a verbal altercation at the Randolph Ferry over the Coquille River. In 1854, about 40 miners formed the Coos County Volunteers. Claiming that the Coquille had committed misdeeds such as riding a horse without permission, the Volunteers attacked the Nasomahs as they slept and killed about 20 of them. Joel Palmer, the Oregon Superintendent of Indian Affairs, responded to the massacre by persuading the remaining Coquilles to sign a treaty surrendering ownership of their homeland of about 7,000,000 acres in 1855 and agreeing to be transported to the Coast Indian Reservation further north.
A somewhat different account of relations between the Nasomah and the miners appears in Verne Bright's "Randolph: Ghost Gold Town of the Oregon Beaches". In this account, some of the mutual antagonism stemmed from a fight in 1851 in which the Nasomah attacked twelve white men traveling along the Coquille River by canoe, killing eight of them; this incident, Bright says, was preceded by two decades during which white sailors and settlers infected many Nasomah and other Tututni with Old World diseases, usurped their hunting and fishing grounds, treated them with cruel disrespect. After the 1851 fight, "The "Indians pillaged and murdered at intervals during the months that followed, Randolph's earliest miners worked in the shadow of continued peril." For their part, the miners retaliated by summarily shooting Indians accused of theft. These acts of violence and related fears culminated in the formation of what Bright refers to as the Randolph Minute Men, who attacked the defiant Nasomah at night, killing sixteen, wounding four, taking "two score women and old men" prisoner, burning the Nasomah village.
Violence continued at a reduced level until the removal of most of the remaining Indians to the Coast Reservation. Whisky Run was moved to the mouth of the Coquille River, after the gold rush subsided, it was moved inland to its current location. A trail established by the Coquille people, ran from the original site of Randolph to Empire. Randolph post office opened in 1859 and ran until 1893. Dora Steamboats of the Coquille River Steamboats of the Oregon Coast Wells, William V.. "Wild Life in Oregon". Harper's New Monthly Magazine: 595. Historic image of Randolph School Images of Randolph from Flickr Randolph Town Site historic inventory by Stephen Dow Beckham
John Laurance was a delegate to the 6th, 7th and 8th Congresses of the Confederation, a United States Representative and United States Senator from New York and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New York. Born in 1750, near Falmouth, England, Laurance immigrated to the Province of New York, British America in 1767 and settled in New York City, he pursued academic studies read law in 1772, with Cadwallader Colden, the Lieutenant Governor of New York. He was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in New York City, Province of New York from 1772 to 1776. In 1775, Laurance married the daughter of General Alexander McDougall. Laurance served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War as a commissioned officer from 1775 to 1782. At the outbreak of war in 1775, hewas appointed a second lieutenant in the 4th New York Regiment, took part in the 1775 Invasion of Quebec. In 1776, he received a commission as captain and paymaster of the Continental Army's 1st New York Regiment, serving under his father-in-law Alexander McDougall.
He was Judge Advocate General from 1777 to 1782. Among the cases he handled were prosecuting at the court martial of Charles Lee for insubordination in 1778, the 1779 court martial of Benedict Arnold for corruption, he presided at the trial of Major John André, serving on the 1780 board that convicted the major of spying and sentenced him to death by hanging, was the board's recorder. Laurance attained the rank of colonel, resigned his commission in 1782, he was a charter member of the Society of the Cincinnati. He resumed private practice in New York City from 1782 to 1785. Among Laurance's legal apprentices was Charles Adams, son of President John Adams, he was active in land speculation and other business ventures with Alexander Hamilton. He was a member of the New York State Assembly, serving from 1782 to 1783 from Westchester County, from New York County from 1784 to 1785, he was a regent of the University of the State of New York in 1784. He was a trustee of Columbia College from 1784 to 1810.
He was a delegate to the 6th, 7th and 8th Congresses of the Confederation from 1785 to 1787. He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1788 to 1790. While serving in the State Senate, Laurance was a member of New York City's Board of Aldermen, he was an ardent supporter of adopting the United States Constitution. Laurance was elected as a Federalist from New York's 2nd congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 1st and 2nd United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1793. During this time, in 1790, his first wife Elizabeth Laurance died, in 1791 he married Elizabeth Lawrence Allen, the widow of attorney James Allen, mother of four children. Laurance was nominated by President George Washington on May 5, 1794, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of New York vacated by Judge James Duane, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 6, 1794, received his commission the same day. His service terminated on November 8, 1796, due to his resignation, after his election as United States Senator from New York.
Laurance was elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate from New York to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of United States Senator Rufus King and served from November 9, 1796, until August 1800, when he resigned. He served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate during the 5th United States Congress. Following his departure from Congress, Laurance resumed private practice in New York City from 1800 to 1810 residing there until his death, he died on November 1810, in New York City. He was interred at the First Presbyterian Church in Manhattan. After more than two centuries of neglect by historians, the first book-length study of John Laurance was published by the American Philosophical Society in 2019. List of United States Senators born outside Charlene. "John Laurance, Representative from New York". Documentary History of the First Federal Congress Project. Columbia, SC: Model Editions Partnership. Judge Advocate General's Corps. "John Lawrence, Judge Advocate General, 1777-1782".
Military Law Review. Washington, DC: Headquarters, Department of the Army. United States Congress. "John Laurance". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. "Laurance, John | Federal Judicial Center". Www.fjc.gov. The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough Members of the 4th U. S. Congress Members of the 6th U. S. Congress Rines, George Edwin, ed.. "Lawrance, John". Encyclopedia Americana