Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland is the senior antiquarian body of Scotland, with its headquarters in the National Museum of Scotland, Chambers Street, Edinburgh. The Society's aim is to promote the cultural heritage of Scotland; the usual style of post-nominal letters for fellows is FSA Scot. The Society is the oldest antiquarian society in Scotland, the second-oldest in Britain after the Society of Antiquaries of London. Founded by David Steuart Erskine, 11th Earl of Buchan on 18 December 1780, John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, the former prime minister, was elected the first President, it was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1783, in the same year as the Royal Society of Edinburgh, in their early years both societies shared accommodation on George Street and in the Royal Institution building on The Mound. Members of the Society collected artefacts of interest to Scottish history and culture from its foundation, soon the Society developed a sizeable collection. In November 1851 the signing of a Deed of Conveyance with the Board of Manufactures on behalf of Parliament made the Society collections National Property.
In 1891 the antiquaries moved into the purpose-built Scottish National Portrait Gallery and National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland, located on Queen Street. The National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland Act 1954 transferred the powers and duties relating to the Museum vested in the Society of Antiquaries and the National Galleries, to a new Board. Alexander Rhind left a bequest to the Society to fund a lecture series, the Rhind Lectures are still hosted by the Society; the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland is a charitable organisation whose purpose is set out in its Royal Charter from 1783: "…a Society to investigate both antiquities and natural and civil history in general, with the intention that the talents of mankind should be cultivated and that the study of natural and useful sciences should be promoted.” The first Law of the Society focuses this further: "The purpose of the Society shall be the study of the Antiquities and History of Scotland, more by means of Archaeological Research."
The Society today is concerned with every aspect of the human past in Scotland. It draws on a wide range of experience through the Fellowship, provides a voice for Scotland's heritage independent of the opinions of Government, University, or Agency; the Society is consulted by a wide range of organisations from central government to academic funding bodies such as the Arts & Humanities Research Council. The Society makes written responses to numerous consultations, some jointly with Archaeology Scotland and the Scottish Group of the Chartered Institute for Archaeologists; the Society worked with the Historic Environment Advisory Council for Scotland, gave evidence to their working groups on heritage protection legislation and properties in care. The Society has been involved in the Built Environment Forum Scotland, an umbrella body for NGOs in the built and historic environment sectors. Members of the Society have, since 1823, been known as Fellows of the Society. There are now thousands of Fellows spread across the globe, including Honorary Fellows elected for their outstanding scholarship.
Fellowship recognises a persons support and contributions to the purpose and mission of the Society, Fellows are permitted to use the post-nominals FSA Scot. The Society has an international membership of around 3000 Fellows and a maximum of 25 Honorary Fellows. Admission to the Society is by election, candidates must be supported by existing Fellows; the names of those seeking admission are circulated to the whole Fellowship. Elections are held annually at the Anniversary Meeting on 30 November. Fundamental to being a candidate for election to the Fellowship is an interest or involvement in Scotland's past. Candidates are advised of the outcome of the election shortly after the ballot. A major part of the Society's programme is support for research into Scotland's past, there are various grants and awards to assist different kinds of work, from survey and excavation to finds analysis and archival research; the Society encourages best practice and continued research into Scotland's past through various prizes and awards.
The RBK Stevenson Award - This award of £50 is offered annually in recognition of the article published in the Proceedings on a topic that best reflects the scholarship and high standards of this distinguished individual, for many years the Keeper of the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland and was President of the Society between 1975 and 1978. The Dorothy Marshall Medal - Awarded every three years by the Council of the Society for an outstanding contribution, in a voluntary capacity, to Scottish archaeological or related work; the Murray Medal for History - Awarded biennially to recognise original research published by the Society into the history of Scotland in the medieval and/or early modern periods The Society hosts monthly lectures between October and May, held in both Edinburgh and Aberdeen, although some are jointly hosted with other Societies elsewhere in Scotland. The Society can fund other Societies to invite a lecturer to them. In addition, the Society hosts the prestigious Rhind Lectures, a series of six lectures presented by a single lecturer over a weekend.
These allow the lecturer to present their topic in much greater detail and dep
BIBSYS is an administrative agency set up and organized by the Ministry of Education and Research in Norway. They are a service provider, focusing on the exchange and retrieval of data pertaining to research and learning – metadata related to library resources. BIBSYS are collaborating with all Norwegian universities and university colleges as well as research institutions and the National Library of Norway. Bibsys is formally organized as a unit at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, located in Trondheim, Norway; the board of directors is appointed by Norwegian Ministry of Research. BIBSYS offer researchers and others an easy access to library resources by providing the unified search service Oria.no and other library services. They deliver integrated products for the internal operation for research and special libraries as well as open educational resources; as a DataCite member BIBSYS act as a national DataCite representative in Norway and thereby allow all of Norway's higher education and research institutions to use DOI on their research data.
All their products and services are developed in cooperation with their member institutions. BIBSYS began in 1972 as a collaborative project between the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters Library, the Norwegian Institute of Technology Library and the Computer Centre at the Norwegian Institute of Technology; the purpose of the project was to automate internal library routines. Since 1972 Bibsys has evolved from a library system supplier for two libraries in Trondheim, to developing and operating a national library system for Norwegian research and special libraries; the target group has expanded to include the customers of research and special libraries, by providing them easy access to library resources. BIBSYS is a public administrative agency answerable to the Ministry of Education and Research, administratively organised as a unit at NTNU. In addition to BIBSYS Library System, the product portfolio consists of BISBYS Ask, BIBSYS Brage, BIBSYS Galleri and BIBSYS Tyr. All operation of applications and databases is performed centrally by BIBSYS.
BIBSYS offer a range of services, both in connection with their products and separate services independent of the products they supply. Open access in Norway Om Bibsys
University of Stirling
The University of Stirling is a public university in Stirling, founded by Royal charter in 1967. It is a plate glass university located in the Central Belt of Scotland, built within the walled Airthrey Castle estate. Since its foundation, it has expanded to four faculties, a Management School, a Graduate School, a number of institutes and centres covering a broad range of subjects in the academic areas of arts and humanities, natural sciences, social sciences, health sciences and sport; the university campus is 360 acres in size, incorporating the Stirling University Innovation Park and the Dementia Centre. The campus, with its wildlife and mixture of native and exotic flora are located in the foothills of the Ochil Hills; the campus is cited as among the most beautiful in the UK. In 2002, the University of Stirling and the landscape of the Airthrey Estate was designated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites as one of the UK's top 20 heritage sites of the 20th century; the institution occupies buildings in the city of Stirling.
The university attracts students from a wide range of backgrounds, with more than 14,000 part-time and full-time students enrolled in the 2016/17 academic year. Stirling has international degree programme partnerships in China with Hebei Normal University, Singapore with Singapore Institute of Management and Vietnam; the university has two other Scottish campuses - in Stornoway. Stirling was the first new university to be established in Scotland for nearly 400 years; the original site of the campus was selected from a shortlist of competing sites, which include Falkirk and Inverness. The author of the Robbins Review, which recommended an expansion of the number of universities in the UK during the 1960s, Lord Robbins, was appointed as the University's first Chancellor in 1968. In 1967 a house for the University Principal Tom Cottrell was completed, designed by architects Morris and Steedman, it was listed as category A in 2009. The Pathfoot Building, which represented the first phase of development on the campus, was completed in 1968 and housed lecture theatres and classrooms in addition to the iconic'crush hall' where the university displayed its emerging collection of contemporary Scottish art.
The building was extended in 1979 to include a Tropical Aquarium and again in 1987 to include a Virology Unit associated with the university's Institute of Aquaculture. In 1993, the Pathfoot Building was selected by the international conservation organisation DoCoMoMo as one of sixty key Scottish monuments of the post-war era, it was voted as one of Prospect's 100 best modern Scottish buildings. In 1970, development began on what was subsequently named the Cottrell Building, in memory of the university's first principal Cottrell, it interspersed courtyard gardens. The building today houses most of the university administration, lecture theatres, departmental offices and computer laboratories; the University Library and MacRobert Centre are housed in an adjoining building, the Andrew Miller Building, completed in 1971. On 13 October 1972, during a visit to the new campus by HM The Queen, she was subjected to a rowdy reception by students reported in the media; the students were protesting about the lack of social spaces in what was at the time a newly built university.
The 24 students involved were charged for the disruption, but charges were dropped. There were no further Royal visits until 2011, when Prince Edward formally opened the refurbished library. A department of Business studies was set up in 1982; the Institute of Aquaculture, a research institute specialising in fish farming and genetics, opened the same year. In 1983 it sold 300 acres of land to Wang Laboratories; the R. G. Bomont Building, which houses the Faculty of Social Science, was completed in 1998; the Iris Murdoch building was opened in 2002 to house The Dementia Services Development Centre, the Colin Bell Building was completed in 2003. The University campus is set within 330 acres of grounds beneath the Ochil Hills, 2 miles from the centre of Stirling, close to the town of Bridge of Allan, it is described as one of the most beautiful campuses in the world and was ranked 1st in the UK for its campus environment in the International Student Barometer 2016. It is situated on the site of the historic Airthrey estate which includes the Robert Adam-designed 18th century Airthrey Castle and includes the Hermitage woods, Airthrey Loch, Airthrey Golf Course and a 50-metre swimming pool.
The Andrew Miller Building incorporates an Atrium, which contains several retail and food outlets including a bookstore and general store. This building links the Library and Robbins' Centre Students' Union and has connecting bridges to the Cottrell Building, on-campus student residences and the MacRobert Arts Centre; the Library holds over 9,000 journals. Home to the archives of both the novelist Patrick McGrath and filmmaker Norman McLaren, the Library reopened in August 2010 after a major refurbishment programme. MacRobert Arts Centre is a small theatre and cinema complex open to members of the University community and the general public; the University houses a considerable fine art collection in the Pathfoot Building, comprising over 300 works including paintings and sculpture. The University of Stirling student accommodation can cater for 3,000 students in over 20 properties located on and off campus. Most accommodation is in university halls and located on campus. There are town houses at Alexander Court for groups of students.
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Royal Library of the Netherlands
The Royal Library of the Netherlands is based in The Hague and was founded in 1798. The mission of the Royal Library of the Netherlands, as presented on the library's web site, is to provide "access to the knowledge and culture of the past and the present by providing high-quality services for research and cultural experience"; the initiative to found a national library was proposed by representative Albert Jan Verbeek on August 17 1798. The collection would be based on the confiscated book collection of William V; the library was founded as the Nationale Bibliotheek on November 8 of the same year, after a committee of representatives had advised the creation of a national library on the same day. The National Library was only open to members of the Representative Body. King Louis Bonaparte gave the national library its name of the Royal Library in 1806. Napoleon Bonaparte transferred the Royal Library to The Hague as property, while allowing the Imperial Library in Paris to expropriate publications from the Royal Library.
In 1815 King William I of the Netherlands confirmed the name of'Royal Library' by royal resolution. It has been known as the National Library of the Netherlands since 1982, when it opened new quarters; the institution became independent of the state in 1996, although it is financed by the Department of Education and Science. In 2004, the National Library of the Netherlands contained 3,300,000 items, equivalent to 67 kilometers of bookshelves. Most items in the collection are books. There are pieces of "grey literature", where the author, publisher, or date may not be apparent but the document has cultural or intellectual significance; the collection contains the entire literature of the Netherlands, from medieval manuscripts to modern scientific publications. For a publication to be accepted, it must be from a registered Dutch publisher; the collection is accessible for members. Any person aged 16 years or older can become a member. One day passes are available. Requests for material take 30 minutes.
The KB hosts several open access websites, including the "Memory of the Netherlands". List of libraries in the Netherlands European Library Nederlandse Centrale Catalogus Books in the Netherlands Media related to Koninklijke Bibliotheek at Wikimedia Commons Official website
The History Press
The History Press is a British publishing company specialising in the publication of titles devoted to local and specialist history. It claims to be the United Kingdom's largest independent publisher in this field, publishing 300 books per year and with a backlist of over 12,000 titles. Created in December 2007, The History Press integrated core elements of the NPI Media Group within it, including all existing published titles, plus all the future contracts and publishing rights contained in them. At the time of founding the imprints included Phillimore, Pitkin Publishing, Stadia, Sutton Publishing, Tempus Publishing and Nonsuch; the roots of The History Press' publishing heritage can be traced back to 1897 when William Phillimore founded a publishing business which still carries his name, however the company itself evolved from the amalgamation of a number of smaller publishing houses in 2007 that formed part of the NPI Media Group. The largest component of the NPI Media Group was Tempus Publishing, founded by Alan Sutton in 1993.
Tempus Publishing's early years were spent producing local history titles, principally books of old photographs depicting towns and villages throughout the UK. Tempus Publishing opened offices in both the USA and Europe, although these are no longer in use today by The History Press. During the 1990s, the list diversified in a number of directions. Tempus Publishing produced their first books on archaeology, as well as books on more general history subjects; the organisation became a leading publisher of transport material including maritime history. Local history remained the bedrock of Tempus Publishing with over 1500 titles now published. Tempus Publishing ceased operations in 2007 at the same time as the formation of The History Press and thereafter became an imprint. THP Ireland is the award-winning Irish imprint of The History Press Group. Based in Dublin, it publishes a wide range of books including history, current affairs, biography and historical fiction. In 2017 the heritage Pitkin Publishing imprint series was sold to Pavilion Books.
The History Press, based in and around Stroud in rural Gloucestershire is supported by international offices in Ireland. Their UK office is in the Mill building in Stroud; the core genres offered by The History Press can be broken into the following categories: Archaeology, The Arts, Crime History, General History, Local History, Military History, The National Trust guidebooks, Royal History, Social History, Transport History and Gift books. The Mystery Press imprint is home to The History Press' historical crime fiction books. List of publishing houses Official website THP Ireland
National Library of Latvia
The National Library of Latvia known as Castle of Light is a national cultural institution under the supervision of the Ministry of Culture of Latvia. The National Library of Latvia was formed in 1919 after the independent Republic of Latvia was proclaimed in 1918; the first supervisor of the Library was Jānis Misiņš, a librarian and the founder of the Latvian scientific bibliography. Today the Library plays an important role in the development of Latvia's information society, providing Internet access to residents and supporting research and lifelong education; the National Library was founded on 29 August 1919, one year after independence, as the State Library. Its first chief librarian and bibliographer was Jānis Misiņš who made his immense private collection the basis of the new library. Within a year, until 1920, the stocks had grown to 250,000 volumes. Starting in the same year, all publishers were obliged to hand in a deposit copy of their works. Since 1927, the Library has published the National Bibliography of Latvia.
There were significant additions in 1939 and 1940, when the State Library took over many of the libraries and collections of the Baltic Germans, most of whom resettled to the Reich. Among these was a large part of the collection of the Society for History and Archaeology of Russia's Baltic Provinces, est. 1834, the primary historical society of the Baltic Germans. In 1940, holdings encompassed 1.7 million volumes, so that they had to be stored in two different locations in the Old Town. During the German occupation of Riga, the State Library was renamed Country Library, eliminating reference to a sovereign Latvian state). Under Soviet rule, it was known as State Library of the Latvian SSR. According to Soviet customs, in 1966 it received an honorary name, commemorating Vilis Lācis, a writer and the late prime minister of Soviet Latvia. From 1946, literature deemed'dangerous' from the Soviet perspective was withdrawn from the shelves and could be accessed only with a special permit until 1988.
In 1956, the State Library moved into its new building at Krišjāņa Barona iela. Since the reestablishment of national independence 1991, the institution has been called National Library of Latvia. In 1995, it received as a permanent loan the Baltic Central Library of Otto Bong, a collection pertaining to the history, regional studies and languages of the Baltic countries. In 2006, the National Library joined the European Library online service; the Library's holdings today encompass more than 5 million titles, incl. about 18,000 manuscripts from the 14th century up to modern times. One of the characteristic cornerstones of the NLL, which characterizes every national library, is the formation of the collection of national literature, its eternal storage and long-term access; the NLL is a centre of theoretical research and practical analyses of the activities of Latvian libraries. The Library carries out the functions of the centre of Latvia Interlibrary Loan, ensures the library and information service to the Parliament of the Republic of Latvia – the Saeima, implements the standardisation of the branch.
Since the outset, its main concern has been the national bibliography. The massive union catalogue Seniespiedumi latviešu valodā received the Spīdola Prize in 2000 and was awarded The Beautiful Book of the Year 99. In 2005, the Letonikas grāmatu autoru rādītājs was published, providing information about versatile branches of science and representatives of various nations, Latvia being the main focus of their publications; the NLL includes several collections of posters. Digitising collections at the NLL started in 1999. At present the Latvian National Digital Library Letonica, formed in 2006, holds digitized collections of newspapers, maps, sheet-music and audio recordings. In 2008 NLL launched two major digital projects. Periodika.lv is the NLL's collection of digitized historical periodicals in Latvian with the possibility to read full texts and search page by page. Latvia has Dance Festivals organized every four years; the historical materials from the first Song Festival in 1864 till the Latgale Song Festival in 1940 can be explored in another digital collection of the National Library of Latvia.
The first discussions about the need for a new National Library had started in 1928, the significance of the project of this century was further confirmed by the high-level international recognition. In 1999 all 170 UNESCO member states during its General Conference adopted a resolution, calling the member states and the international community to ensure all possible support for the implementation of the NLL project; the continuous growth of the Library had made it necessary to transfer parts of the stocks into other buildings. Thus, in 2013, NLL was distributed between five locations in Riga. Furthermore, some stocks were being stored since 1998 in a depot in Silakrogs outside the capital; these inconveniences convinced the Parliament to approve a new building on the left bank of the Daugava. On 15 May 2008, after discussions lasting for many years, the state agency Three New Brothers and the Union of National Construction Companies signed the contract on the construction of the new National Library of Latvia.
On 18 May 2014, the main facility of the Library at Krišjāņa Barona iela was close