Bill Walker (Australian footballer, born 1883)
William John Walker was an Australian rules footballer who played for the Fitzroy Football Club in the Victorian Football League. A ruck shepherd, Walker was a best and fairest winner at Fitzroy in 1909, he was a member of premiership sides in 1905 and 1913, the latter as club captain. Bill Walker's playing statistics from AFL Tables Bill Walker at AustralianFootball.com
Harold Francis "Lal" McLennan was an Australian rules footballer who played with Fitzroy in the Victorian Football League. McLennan was a captained Fitzroy in the 1911 season. In both 1912 and 1913 he was the latter in a premiership side, he was a premiership winner again in 1916. Donald, Chris. Fitzroy: For the Love of the Jumper. Pan Australia. Pp. 54–55. ISBN 9781877029189. Harold McLennan's playing statistics from AFL Tables Harold McLennan at AustralianFootball.com Works by Harold McLennan at LibriVox
Interstate matches in Australian rules football
Australian rules football matches between teams representing Australian colonies and territories have been held since 1879. For most of the 20th century, the absence of a national club competition and international matches meant that football games between state representative teams were regarded with great importance. Football historian John Devaney has argued that: "some of the state of origin contests which took place during the 1980s constituted arguably the finest expositions of the game seen"; until 1976, interstate Australian rules football games were played by teams representing the major football leagues or organisations. From 1977 to 1999, players were selected under State of Origin selection rules and they were chosen from the Australian Football League. Since 2000, all matches have been between teams representing the second-tier state or territorial leagues. Players from the AFL no longer take part in interstate matches; the matches have been held on a stand-alone basis. However, an Australian Football Carnival, a national championship series, held in either one or two cities, took place between 1908 and 1993 at three year intervals.
Teams which have taken part have included Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Australian Capital Territory and an Australian Amateurs team. Between 1937 and 1988 the player judged the best at each of these carnivals was awarded the Tassie Medal. Between 1953 and 1988, the selection of All Australian Teams was based on players performance during Australian Football Carnivals, the team was named after each carnival concluded. Victoria the birthplace of Australian rules and, with contributing factors such as population and finances, dominated the first hundred years of intercolonial and interstate football; this was the case in the first interstate game, held on Tuesday, 1 July 1879, at East Melbourne Cricket Ground. The final score was Victoria 7.14 to South Australia 0.3. The match was attended by more than 10,000 people; the third and fourth teams to commence intercolonial competition were New South Wales and Queensland, playing each other in a two-game series in Brisbane in 1884.
Tasmania played its first game, against Victoria, in 1887. New Zealand entered the competition with a victory over NSW in Sydney, in 1889. Victoria's long-term dominance faltered in the 1890s, when other Colonies recorded their first wins over the Victoria: South Australia in Adelaide in 1890 and 1891 and Tasmania in Hobart in 1893. In 1897, the VFL split from the VFA and the two selected separate representative teams, further weakening Victoria in intercolonial competition, which became interstate competition following Federation of the six British colonies in Australia, in 1901. Western Australia played its first two interstate games in 1904, including a win over SA in Adelaide; the VFL's dominance, at least within Victoria, was established by the time an interstate carnival was held for the first time — in Melbourne in 1908 — to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of "Australasian football". The widening gap between the three major footballing States/leagues and the others was shown in the organisation of the competition: Victoria represented by the, SA and WA constituted "Section A", Tasmania, NSW, Queensland and NZ were relegated to "Section B".
The VFA did not take part and the carnival was New Zealand's last appearance in representative football. The Victorian team went through the competition undefeated; this impression was reiterated by the 1911 Carnival, in Adelaide, which set the pattern of a carnival every three years. South Australia went Victoria won three of their four matches. At the Sydney carnival of 1914, Victoria was once again undefeated. Following the onset of World War I interstate matches went into a five-year hiatus. During this period interstate matches were held every year, interstate carnivals were held every 3 years, with a few exceptions. In most carnivals, the stronger states competed separately from the minor states. At the peak of its popularity, the carnival was known symbolically as "the Ashes" of Australian rules football. Victoria continued its dominance in interstate football by winning 15 of the 17 carnivals held during this time, winning the individual matches held every year. Neil Kerley and Graham Cornes are of significance in the rivalry between Victoria and South Australia, who played for and coached the South Australia team during this period.
Neil Kerley when coaching the South Australian team would inject a hatred for Victoria, telling his players all Victorian umpires cheated, all Victorians would cheat if they got the chance. Graham Cornes, coached by Kerley for South Australia, has stated his hatred for Victoria came from Neil Kerley. Cornes would go on to coach South Australia, with great successes and was a promoter of the South Australian team. Cornes has stated that the success that South Australia had against Victoria during his coaching reign was all to do with the culture in South Australia of wanting to prove they're better than Victoria; the 1963 game between Victoria and South Australia at the MCG was of significance in the rivalry between the two states. Before the game Jack Dyer was asked what he would do if he was coaching Victoria, said, "I'd give them a Pep Talk and go to the races". Neil Kerley, playing, was in an interview before the game when this was mentioned. After it was said the interviewer said to Kerley "what do you think of that young Kerley"
Fitzroy Football Club
The Fitzroy Football Club, nicknamed the Lions or the Roys, is an Australian rules football club formed in 1883 to represent the inner-Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy and was a foundation member club of the Victorian Football League on its inception in 1897. The club experienced some early success in the league and was the first club to win a VFL Grand Final, it achieved a total of eight VFL premierships between 1898 and 1944, more three VAFA promotions in 2009, 2012 and 2018. The club ran into financial difficulties in the 1980s after decades of poor on-field performance and was forced to merge its AFL playing operations with the Brisbane Bears at the end of the 1996 season to form the Brisbane Lions. Despite this, the club survived in its own right and the Fitzroy Football Club Ltd came out of administration in late 1998. For a brief time it experimented in partnerships with other semi professional and amateur clubs before incorporating the Fitzroy Reds to play in the Victorian Amateur Football Association.
Fitzroy resumed its original VFL-AFL identity through its continued use of their 1975–1996 VFL-AFL jumper, their theme song and their 1884–1966 home ground at the Brunswick Street Oval. Fitzroy began in the D1 section of the VAFA in 2009, since the club has achieved multiple promotions and the 2018 premiership to be playing in the Premier B division as of the 2019 season, it is notable for being one of only three clubs to have played in the VFA, VFL/AFL and VAFA competitions of Australian rules football. In 2015 Fitzroy fielded its first women's team under the name of Fitzroy-ACU in partnership with the Australian Catholic University. In 2016, Fitzroy-ACU fielded two women's teams in the Victorian Women's Football League VWFL. From 2017, all Fitzroy teams play in the VAFA with the women playing in the VAFA's inaugural women's competition; the Fitzroy Football Club was formed at a meeting at the Brunswick Hotel on 26 September 1883, at a time when Melbourne's population was increasing. The Victorian Football Association made changes to their rules, allowing Fitzroy to join as the seventh club in 1884, playing in the maroon and blue colours of the local Normanby Junior Football Club.
They became one of the most successful clubs, drawing large crowds to their home at the Brunswick Street Oval in Edinburgh Gardens, in the top four and winning the VFA premiership in 1895. Fitzroy's season-by-season records throughout its thirteen seasons at VFA level are given below.. In 1897, Fitzroy were one of the eight clubs who broke away from the VFA to form the Victorian Football League. Despite winning only four games and finishing sixth in the first season, the Maroons, as they were known, won the premiership the following year, winning the VFL's first "Grand Final" against Essendon. Fitzroy was the most successful club in the first 10 years of the VFL, winning four premierships and finishing runners-up on three occasions. Despite internal problems after the 1906 season which led to the players and set the club back for several seasons, the 1913 team won the flag after winning 16 of 18 matches in the home and away season, earning the nickname "Unbeatables". In contrast, the 1916 Fitzroy team only won 2 home and away matches and finished last in a competition reduced by the effects of World War I to four teams.
All four teams qualified for the finals, Fitzroy won their next three games to win one of the strangest VFL premierships. The Maroons won their seventh premiership in 1922, a year season which included four rough games against eventual runners-up Collingwood. However, after this their fortunes waned, they did not make the finals at all from 1925 to 1942. During this time, highlights for the club were individual achievements of their players Haydn Bunton, Sr. A source of controversy, lured to Fitzroy with an illegal £222 payment, subsequently not allowed to play in the 1930 season, Bunton became one of the game's greatest players, winning three Brownlow Medals while at Fitzroy. Brownlow Medals were won by Wilfred Smallhorn and Dinny Ryan, while Jack Moriarty set many goalkicking records, it was during this time. Football was less affected by World War II than it had been in 1916, by 1944 was starting to return to its normal level, it was in this year, under captain-coach Fred Hughson, that the Gorillas won their eighth VFL flag against Richmond in front of a capacity crowd at Junction Oval.
However, it was to be their last senior premiership, as the club, which became known as the Lions in 1957, entered one of the least successful periods any VFL/AFL club has had. The club finished in the bottom three 11 times in the 1960s and 1970s, including three wooden spoons in four years and going winless in 1964, but still continued to produce great individual players, including Brownlow Medallists Allan Ruthven and Kevin Murray. By the mid 1960s, Fitzroy's traditional home ground, the Brunswick Street Oval was in a state of disrepair. However, the ground managers were the Fitzroy Cricket Club; the Football Club had to pay the Cricket Club to use the ground. Despite pressure from the Lions and other VFL clubs, the Cricket Club refused to make the needed upgrades; the Fitzroy City Council, despite repeated requests from the Football Club refused to help rejecting the idea of a $400,000 loan to Fitzroy Football Club, a 40-year lease of the ground so they could make some repairs. The football club put forward various ideas to try and change the situation, i
An ambulance is a medically equipped vehicle which transports patients to treatment facilities, such as hospitals. In some instances, out-of-hospital medical care is provided to the patient. Ambulances are used to respond to medical emergencies by emergency medical services. For this purpose, they are equipped with flashing warning lights and sirens, they can transport paramedics and other first responders to the scene, carry equipment for administering emergency care and transport patients to hospital or other definitive care. Most ambulances use a design based on pick-up trucks. Others take the form of motorcycles, buses and boats. Vehicles count as an ambulance if they can transport patients. However, it varies by jurisdiction as to whether a non-emergency patient transport vehicle is counted as an ambulance; these vehicles are not equipped with life-support equipment, are crewed by staff with fewer qualifications than the crew of emergency ambulances. Conversely, EMS agencies may have emergency response vehicles that cannot transport patients.
These are known by names such as fly-cars or response vehicles. The term ambulance comes from the Latin word "ambulare" as meaning "to walk or move about", a reference to early medical care where patients were moved by lifting or wheeling; the word meant a moving hospital, which follows an army in its movements. Ambulances were first used for emergency transport in 1487 by the Spanish forces during the siege of Málaga by the Catholic Monarchs against the Emirate of Granada. During the American Civil War vehicles for conveying the wounded off the field of battle were called ambulance wagons. Field hospitals were still called ambulances during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 and in the Serbo-Turkish war of 1876 though the wagons were first referred to as ambulances about 1854 during the Crimean War; the history of the ambulance begins in ancient times, with the use of carts to transport incurable patients by force. Ambulances were first used for emergency transport in 1487 by the Spanish, civilian variants were put into operation during the 1830s.
Advances in technology throughout the 19th and 20th centuries led to the modern self-powered ambulances. Ambulances can be grouped into types depending on whether or not they transport patients, under what conditions. In some cases, ambulances may fulfil more than one function (such as combining emergency ambulance care with patient transport Emergency ambulance – The most common type of ambulance, which provide care to patients with an acute illness or injury; these can be road-going vans, helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft or converted vehicles such as golf carts. Patient transport ambulance – A vehicle, which has the job of transporting patients to, from or between places of medical treatment, such as hospital or dialysis center, for non-urgent care; these can be buses or other vehicles. Response vehicle – Also known as a fly-car, nontransporting EMS vehicle and variations. A vehicle, used to reach an acutely ill patient and provide on scene care. In some places, these vehicles can transport a patient, but only if they are able to sit in a regular car seat.
Response units may be backed up by an emergency ambulance which can transport the patient, or may deal with the problem on scene, with no requirement for a transport ambulance. These can be a wide variety of vehicles, from standard cars, to modified vans, pedal cycles, quad bikes or horses. Fire engines are used for this purpose in North America; these units can function as a vehicle for supervisors. Charity ambulance – A special type of patient transport ambulance is provided by a charity for the purpose of taking sick children or adults on trips or vacations away from hospitals, hospices or care homes where they are in long term care. Examples include; these are based on a bus. Bariatric ambulance – A special type of patient transport ambulance designed for obese patients equipped with the appropriate tools to move and manage these patients. In the US, there are four types of ambulances. There are Type I, Type II, Type III and Type IV. Type I is based upon a heavy truck chassis and is used for Advanced Life Support and rescue work.
Type II is a van based ambulance with few modifications except for a raised roof and is used for basic life support and transfer of patients. Type III is a van chassis but with a custom-made rear compartment and has the same uses as Type I ambulances. Type IV is for smaller ad hoc patient transfer that use smaller utility vehicles in which passenger vehicles and trucks would have difficulty in traversing, such as large industrial complexes, commercial venues, special events with large crowds. Ambulances can be based on many types of vehicle although emergency and disaster conditions may lead to other vehicles serving as makeshift ambulances: Van or pickup truck – A typical general-purpose ambulance is based on either the chassis of a van or a light-duty truck; this chassis is modified to the designs and specifications of the purchaser. Vans may either retain their original body and be upfitted inside, or may be based on a chassis without the original body with a modular box body fitted instead.
Those based on pickup trucks always have modular bodies. Those vehicles intended for intensive care or require a large amount of equipment to be carried may be based on
James Archibald "Snowy" Atkinson was an Australian rules footballer and first class cricketer. Atkinson played his football with Fitzroy in the VFL from 1917 to 1925, he was a defender, in 1922 was a member of Fitzroy's premiership side as well as winning their Club Champion award. Atkinson was club captain in 1924 and 1925, he finished his footballing career with Lefroy. He represented Tasmania at the interstate football carnival in Melbourne in 1927, he broke "virtually every bone in his body" during his career, his injuries forced him out of the game in 1930. In cricket, Atkinson played 26 first-class games for Victoria and Tasmania between 1921–22 and 1933-34. "Probably Tasmania's greatest cricket captain" in the years before it entered the Sheffield Shield, he led the team in 19 first-class matches from 1928-29 to 1932-33. An opening batsman, in 1927-28 he carried his bat for 144 not out against Victoria, in 1929-30 he did it again, with 104 not out. Tasmania lost each time. In the two matches against the touring MCC in 1928-29 he scored 17, 47, 20 and 30, the last three innings of which were Tasmania's top scores.
Against the South Africans in 1931-32 he scored 1, 48 and 55, again top-scoring three times. The Oxford Companion to Australian Cricket described him as an "uncompromising opening batsman, capable of thunderous hooks and drives, as well as delicate late cuts, a fine close-to-the-wicket fieldsman". In Tasmania's victory over Victoria in Melbourne in 1928-29 he took seven catches – five in the first innings and two in the second – as well as scoring 54, the second-highest score in the match. After he retired from senior club cricket in 1935 he became a publican in Launceston. List of Victoria first-class cricketers List of Tasmanian representative cricketers Jim Atkinson's playing statistics from AFL Tables Jim Atkinson at AustralianFootball.com Jim Atkinson page on Cricinfo Jim Atkinson at Cricket Archive
George Holden (Australian rules footballer)
George Holden was an Australian rules footballer who played for Fitzroy in the Victorian Football League. Holden was both a centreman and wingman during his career with Fitzroy, which began in 1908, he was club champion in his debut season, winning the best and fairest award for the second time in 1915. One of Fitzroy's best in their 1913 premiership, Holden was named as the club's coach three years and was a premiership player again in his first year in the role, he captained the club in 1917 and 1918 while remaining coach but had to retire at the start of the 1919 season after suffering a serious knee injury. Donald, Chris. Fitzroy: For the Love of the Jumper. Pan Australia. Pp. 41–42. ISBN 9781877029189. George Holden's playing statistics from AFL Tables George Holden at AustralianFootball.com