Springfield is a city in the U. S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Clark County. The municipality is located in southwestern Ohio and is situated on the Mad River, Buck Creek and Beaver Creek 45 miles west of Columbus and 25 miles northeast of Dayton. Springfield is home to a liberal arts college; as of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 60,608. The Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 138,333 residents, and the Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Combined Statistical Area had 1,072,891 residents. The Little Miami Scenic Trail, a paved rail-trail, 80 miles long, goes from the Buck Creek Scenic Trailhead in Springfield south to Newtown, is popular with hikers and cyclists. In 1983, Newsweek featured Springfield in its 50th-anniversary issue, entitled, "The American Dream." It chronicled the impact of the past 50 years on five local families. In 2004, Springfield was chosen as an "All-America City." In the 2010s, Springfield was one of the lowest-ranking cities in the state and nation for indicators such as health and well-being.
The villages of Peckuwe and Piqua were located near today's Springfield, Ohio, at 39° 54.5′ N, 83° 54.68′ W and 39° 54.501′ N, 83° 54.682′ W and were home to the Peckuwe and Kispoko Divisions of the Shawnee Tribe until the Battle of Piqua, August 8, 1780. The Piqua Sept of Ohio Shawnee Tribe has placed a traditional cedar pole in commemoration, located "on the southern edge of the George Rogers Clark Historical Park, in the lowlands in front of the park's'Hertzler House'."Springfield was founded by James Demint, a former teamster from Kentucky, in 1801. When Clark County was created from parts of Champaign and Greene counties, named for Springfield, Massachusetts—which, at the time, was important for hosting the U. S. Federal Springfield Armory. Springfield traces its early growth to the National Road, which ended in Springfield for 10 years as politicians wrangled over the path it would continue. Dayton and Eaton wanted the road to veer south after Springfield, but President Andrew Jackson made the final decision to have the road continue straight west to Richmond, Indiana.
During the mid-and-late 19th century, Springfield was dominated by industrialists including Oliver S. Kelly, Asa S. Bushnell, James Leffel, P. P. Mast and Benjamin H. Warder. Asa S. Bushnell built the Springfield, Ohio Bushnell Building where the patent attorney to the Wright Brothers, Harry Aubrey Toulmin, Sr. wrote the 1904 patent to cover the invention of the airplane. To promote the products of his agricultural equipment company, P. P. Mast started Fireside magazine. Mast’s publishing company – Mast and Kirkpatrick – grew to become Crowell-Collier Publishing Company best known for Collier's Weekly. In 1894, The Kelly Springfield Tire Company was founded. At the turn of the 20th century, Springfield became known as the "Home City." Several lodges including the Masonic Lodge, Knights of Pythias and Odd Fellows built homes for orphans and aged members of their order. Springfield became known as "The Champion City." A reference to the Champion Farm Equipment brand manufactured by the Warder, Bushnell & Glessner Company, absorbed into International Harvester in 1902.
International remains in Springfield as Navistar International, a producer of medium to large trucks. In 1902 A. B. Graham the superintendent of schools for Springfield Township in Clark County, established a "Boys' and Girls' Agricultural Club." 85 children from 10 to 15 years of age attended the first meeting on January 15, 1902, in Springfield, Ohio, in the basement of the Clark County Courthouse. This was the start of what would be called the "4-H Club" within a few years growing to a nationwide organization.. The first "projects" included food preservation and elementary agriculture. Today, the Courthouse still bears a large 4H symbol under the flag pole at the front of the building to commemorate its part in founding the organization; the Clark County Fair is the second largest fair in the state in large part to 4H remaining popular in the area. On March 7, 1904, over a thousand residents formed a lynch mob, stormed the jail and removed prisoner Richard Dixon, a black man accused of murdering police officer Charles B.
Collis. Richard Dixon was shot to death and hung from a pole on the corner of Fountain and Main Street, where the mob continued to shoot his lifeless body; the mob proceeded to burn much of the black area of town. In February 1906, another mob formed and again burned the black section of town known as "the levee". Sixty years Springfield was the first city in Ohio to have a black mayor, Robert Henry. From 1916 to 1926, 10 automobile companies operated in Springfield. Among them: The Bramwell, Foos, Frayer-Miller, Kelly Steam, Russell-Springfield, Westcott; the Westcott, known as the car built to last, was a six-cylinder four-door sedan manufactured by Burton J. Westcott of the Westcott Motor Car Company. Burton and Orpha Westcott however, are better known for having contracted the world-renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright to design their home in 1908 at 1340 East High Street; the Westcott House, a sprawling two-story stucco and concrete house has all the features of Wright's prairie style including horizontal lines, low-pitched roof, broad eaves.
It is the only Frank Lloyd Wright prairie style house in the state of
Chandler Burr is an American journalist and museum curator. Born in Chicago and raised in Washington, D. C. Burr graduated from Principia College in Illinois, he began his journalism career in 1987 as a stringer in The Christian Science Monitor's Southeast Asia bureau, became a Contributing Editor to U. S. News & World Report. Burr has written for The Atlantic on epidemiology and public health. Burr earned a master's degree in international economics and Japan studies from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins. In 1993, Burr wrote a cover story, "Biology", for The Atlantic; the story became the basis for his first book A Separate Creation: The Search for the Biological Origins of Sexual Orientation, which investigated sexual orientation research. A Separate Creation was published by Hyperion, a subsidiary of the Walt Disney Company, its argument that sexual orientation is inborn prompted a call by Southern Baptists to boycott Disney films and theme parks. In 1996 The Weekly Standard published Burr's article "Why Conservatives Should Embrace the Gay Gene", in which he argued that scientific research demonstrating that sexual orientation is biologically determined supports a conservative view of human nature.
Burr's The Emperor of Scent, published in 2003, tells how the French-Italian scientist Luca Turin originated the theory about the functioning of the sense of smell. As a result, The New Yorker proposed. Burr's March 2005 New Yorker article recounted Jean-Claude Ellena's year-long creation, in Paris and Grasse, of Hermès' Un Jardin sur le Nil. Burr's The Perfect Scent: A Year Inside the Perfume Industry in Paris & New York, published in 2008, describes Ellena's creation of Un Jardin sur le Nil in Paris, Sarah Jessica Parker's creation of Lovely in New York City under the license aegis of the perfume corporation Coty. Burr’s novel, You Or Someone Like You, was published by Ecco in summer 2009. From August 2006 until the end of 2010, Burr was perfume critic of The New York Times. In December 2010 he founded the Department of Olfactory art at the Museum of Arts and Design in New York City. In December 2010, Burr left The New York Times to curate the exhibition "The Art of Scent: 1889-2011" at the Museum of Arts and Design in New York City, which allowed visitors to experience seminal works by some of the greatest scent artists of the late-19th, 20th and early-21st centuries such as Jean-Claude Ellena, Ernest Beaux, Jacques Cavallier.
The New York Times reported that when asked about his refusal to display packaging or bottles, Burr replied "he smell the work of art. I’m opposed to the photon. If you have to see it, I’m not interested." Burr lives in New York City. The Bogotá newspaper El Tiempo in its edition of 2 December 2011 carried an article on how Burr had failed to disclose his sexual orientation in petitioning to adopt two Colombian orphans; as a result, the Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar halted the adoption proceedings, claiming a lack of candor on Burr's part. On 13 December 2011 it was reported that the adoptions were made official and that Burr and his adopted sons were reunited. Burr is an atheist. In 2014 Burr established the Department of Scent Art as an independent 501c3 non-profit arts organization based in New York; the DSA produces exhibitions such as Hyper-Natural: Scent from Art to Design at the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.” Burr article in The New Yorker Chandler Burr Profile Page at Bold Type Magazine Interview, author reading, excerpt from "The Emperor of Scent".
You, or Someone Like You, Narrative Magazine. An interview with Qu3stions Official website
Boston City Hospital
The Boston City Hospital in Boston, was a public hospital, located in Boston's South End. It was "intended for the use and comfort of poor patients, to whom medical care will be provided at the expense of the city, and... to provide accommodations and medical treatment to others, who do not wish to be regarded as dependent on public charity." In 1996 it merged with the Boston University Medical Center Hospital to form the Boston Medical Center. In the mid-19th century "the hospital was suggested... by Elisha Goodnow, who, by his will, dated July 12, 1849, gave property to the city valued at $25,000, for establishment of a free city hospital in Wards Eleven or Twelve." Architect Gridley James Fox Bryant designed the first hospital, built 1861–1864 on Harrison Avenue in the South End. It was renovated in 1875, again in 1891–1892; as of 1905, the hospital consisted of " the hospital proper, on the area bounded by Harrison Avenue, East Concord Street, Albany Street and Massachusetts Avenue, containing 430,968 square feet, or 9.9 acres.
The Thorndike had 17 beds for clinical research and became one of the nation’s most distinguished research facilities. Seminal studies in hematology and related discliplies were conducted in this facility by Harvard Medical School faculty and other investigators. In 1968, the Finland Laboratory for Infectious Diseases was established at Boston City Hospital in honor of Dr. Maxwell Finland, a leading clinical investigator in infectious diseases; when academic and clinical responsibility for Boston City Hospital passed to Boston University in 1973, these laboratories were incorporated into the research programs of the Boston University Department of Medicine faculty. As of 2008 the buildings at 818 Harrison Avenue are extant: "some sections of the original hospital remain here and there within the hodgepodge of construction." Boston Medical Center Boston City Hospital. Medical and Surgical reports. V.3.
University of Rochester
The University of Rochester is a private research university in Rochester, New York. The university grants undergraduate and graduate degrees, including doctoral and professional degrees; the University of Rochester enrolls 5,600 undergraduates and 4,600 graduate students. Its 158 buildings house over 200 academic majors. Additionally, the university is the largest employer in the Greater Rochester area and the 6th largest employer in New York. According to the National Science Foundation ranking of total research and development expenditures, the University of Rochester spent $346 million on R&D in 2016, the 66th highest figure, nationally; the College of Arts and Engineering is home to departments and divisions of note. The Institute of Optics was founded in 1929 through a grant from Eastman Kodak and Bausch and Lomb as the first educational program in the US devoted to optics, awards half of all optics degrees nationwide, is regarded as the premier optics program in the nation; the Departments of Political Science and Economics have made a significant and consistent impact on positivist social science since the 1960s, rank in the top 5 in their fields.
The Department of Chemistry is noted for its contributions to synthetic organic chemistry, including the first lab based synthesis of morphine. The Rossell Hope Robbins Library serves as the university's resource for Old and Middle English texts and expertise; the university is home to Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics, a US Department of Energy supported national laboratory. The University of Rochester's Eastman School of Music, ranks first among music schools in the U. S; the Sibley Music Library at Eastman is the largest academic music library in North America and holds the third largest collection in the United States. In its history, 7 university alumni, 4 faculty, 1 senior research associate at Strong Memorial Hospital have been awarded Nobel Prizes; the University of Rochester traces its origins to The First Baptist Church of Hamilton, founded in 1796. The church established the Baptist Education Society of the State of New York renamed the Hamilton Literary and Theological Institution, in 1817.
This institution gave birth to The University of Rochester. Its function was to train clergy in the Baptist tradition; when it aspired to grant higher degrees, it created a collegiate division separate from the theological division. The collegiate division was granted a charter by the State of New York in 1846, after which its name was changed to Madison University. John Wilder and the Baptist Education Society urged that the new university be moved to Rochester, New York. However, legal action prevented the move. In response, dissenting faculty and trustees defected and departed for Rochester, where they sought a new charter for a new university. Madison University was renamed as Colgate University. Asahel C. Kendrick, professor of Greek, was among the faculty. Kendrick served as acting president, he reprised this role until 1853, when Martin Brewer Anderson of the Newton Theological Seminary in Massachusetts was selected to fill the inaugural posting. The University of Rochester's new charter was awarded by the Regents of the State of New York on January 31, 1850.
The charter stipulated that the university have $100,000 in endowment within five years, upon which the charter would be reaffirmed. An initial gift of $10,000 was pledged by John Wilder, which helped catalyze significant gifts from individuals and institutions. Classes began that November, with 60 students enrolled, including 28 transfers from Madison. From 1850 to 1862, the university was housed in the old United States Hotel in downtown Rochester on Buffalo Street near Elizabeth Street, West Main Street near the I-490 overpass. On a February 1851 visit, Ralph Waldo Emerson said of the university:'They had bought a hotel, once a railroad terminus depot, for $8,500, turned the dining room into a chapel by putting up a pulpit on one side, made the barroom into a Pythologian Society's Hall, & the chambers into Recitation rooms, Libraries, & professors' apartments, all for $700 a year, they had brought an omnibus load of professors down from Madison bag and baggage... called in a painter and sent him up the ladder to paint the title "University of Rochester" on the wall, they had runners on the road to catch students.
And they are confident of graduating a class of ten by the time green peas are ripe."For the next 10 years, the college expanded its scope and secured its future through an expanding endowment, student body, faculty. In parallel, a gift of 8 acres of farmland from local businessman and Congressman Azariah Boody secured the first campus of the university, upon which Anderson Hall was constructed and dedicated in 1862. Over the next sixty years, this Prince Street Campus grew by a further 17 acres and was developed to include fraternities houses and academic buildings including Anderson Hall, Sibley Library and Carnegie Laboratories, the Memorial Art Gallery, Cutler Union; the first female students were admitted in 1900, the result of an effort led by Susan B. Anthony and Helen Barrett Montgomery. During the 1890s, a number of women took classes and labs at the university as "visitors" but were not enrolled nor were their records included in the college register. President David Jayne Hill allowed the first woman, Hele
Doctor of Medicine
A Doctor of Medicine is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions. In the United States and other countries, the MD denotes a professional graduate degree awarded upon graduation from medical school. In the United Kingdom and other countries, the MD is a research doctorate, higher doctorate, honorary doctorate or applied clinical degree restricted to those who hold a professional degree in medicine. In 1703, the University of Glasgow's first medical graduate, Samuel Benion, was issued with the academic degree of Doctor of Medicine. University medical education in England culminated with the MB qualification, in Scotland the MD, until in the mid-19th century the public bodies who regulated medical practice at the time required practitioners in Scotland as well as England to hold the dual Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degrees. North American medical schools switched to the tradition of the ancient universities of Scotland and began granting the MoD title rather than the MB beginning in the late 18th century.
The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York was the first American university to grant the MD degree instead of the MB. Early medical schools in North America that granted the Doctor of Medicine degrees were Columbia, Harvard, McGill; these first few North American medical schools that were established were founded by physicians and surgeons, trained in England and Scotland. A feminine form, "Doctress of Medicine" or Medicinae Doctrix, was used by the New England Female Medical College in Boston in the 1860s. In most countries having a Doctor of Medicine degree does not mean that the individual will be allowed to practice medicine. A doctor must go through a residency for at least four years and take some form of licensing examination in their jurisdiction. In Afghanistan, medical education begins after high school. No pre-medicine courses or bachelor's degree is required. Eligibility is determined through the rank applicants obtain in the public university entrance exam held every year throughout the country.
Entry to medical school is competitive, only students with the highest ranks are accepted into medical programs. The primary medical degree is completed in 7 years. According to the new medical curriculum, during the 12th semester, medical students must complete research on a medical topic and provide a thesis as part of their training. Medical graduates are awarded a certificate in general medicine, regarded "MD" and validated by the "Ministry of Higher Education of Afghanistan". All physicians are to obtain licensing and a medical council registration number from the "Ministry of Public Health" before they begin to practice, they may subsequently specialize in a specific medical field at medical schools offering the necessary qualifications. After graduation, students may complete residency; the MD specification: Before the civil wars in Afghanistan, medical education used to be taught by foreign professors or Afghan professors who studied medical education abroad. The Kabul medical institute certified the students as "Master of Medicine".
After the civil wars, medical education has changed, the MD certification has been reduced to "Medicine Bachelor". In Argentina, the First Degree of Physician or Physician Diplomate is equivalent to the North American MD Degree with six years of intensive studies followed by three or four years of residency as a major specialty in a particular empiric field, consisting of internships, social services and sporadic research. Only by holding a Medical Title can the postgraduate student apply for the Doctor degree through a Doctorate in Medicine program approved by the National Commission for University Evaluation and Accreditation. Australian medical schools have followed the British tradition by conferring the degrees of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery to its graduates whilst reserving the title of Doctor of Medicine for their research training degree, analogous to the PhD, or for their honorary doctorates. Although the majority of Australian MBBS degrees have been graduate programs since the 1990s, under the previous Australian Qualifications Framework they remained categorized as Level 7 Bachelor's degrees together with other undergraduate programs.
The latest version of the AQF includes the new category of Level 9 Master's degrees which permits the use of the term'Doctor' in the styling of the degree title of relevant professional programs. As a result, various Australian medical schools have replaced their MBBS degrees with the MD to resolve the previous anomalous nomenclature. With the introduction of the Master's level MD, universities have renamed their previous medical research doctorates; the University of Melbourne was the first to introduce the MD in 2011 as a basic medical degree, has renamed its research degree to Doctor of Medical Science. In French-speaking Belgium, the medical degree awarded after six years of study is "Docteur en Médecine". Physicians would have to register with the Ordre des Medicins to practice medicine in the country. At the end of the six-year medical programs from Bulgarian medical schools, medical students are awarded the academic degree Master in Medicine and the professional title Physician - Doctor of Medicine.
After 6 years of general medical education, all students will graduate with
United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit known informally as the D. C. Circuit, is the federal appellate court for the U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia. Appeals from the D. C. Circuit, as with all U. S. Courts of Appeals, are heard on a discretionary basis by the Supreme Court, it should not be confused with the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, limited in jurisdiction by subject matter rather than geography, or with the District of Columbia Court of Appeals, equivalent to a state supreme court in the District of Columbia, was established in 1970 to relieve the D. C. Circuit from having to take appeals from the local D. C. trial court. While it has the smallest geographic jurisdiction of any of the United States courts of appeals, the D. C. Circuit, with eleven active judgeships, is arguably the most important inferior appellate court; the court is given the responsibility of directly reviewing the decisions and rulemaking of many federal independent agencies of the United States government based in the national capital without prior hearing by a district court.
Aside from the agencies whose statutes explicitly direct review by the D. C. Circuit, the court hears cases from other agencies under the more general jurisdiction granted to the Courts of Appeals under the Administrative Procedure Act. Given the broad areas over which federal agencies have power, this gives the judges of the D. C. Circuit a central role in affecting national U. S. policy and law. Because of this, the D. C. Circuit is referred to as the second-most powerful court in the United States, second only to the Supreme Court. A judgeship on the D. C. Circuit is thought of as a stepping-stone for appointment to the Supreme Court; as of October 2018, four of the nine justices on the Supreme Court are alumni of the D. C. Circuit: Chief Justice John Roberts and Associate Justices Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Brett Kavanaugh. Associate Justice Elena Kagan was nominated by President Bill Clinton to the same seat that Roberts would fill, but was never given a vote in the Senate. In addition, Chief Justices Fred M. Vinson and Warren Burger, as well as Associate Justices Wiley Blount Rutledge and Antonin Scalia, served on the D.
C. Circuit before their elevations to the Supreme Court. In 1987, President Ronald Reagan put forth two failed nominees from the D. C. Circuit: former Judge Robert Bork, rejected by the Senate, former Chief Judge Douglas H. Ginsburg, who withdrew his nomination after it became known that he had used marijuana as a college student and professor in the 1960s and 1970s. In 2016 President Barack Obama nominated Merrick Garland from the D. C. Circuit to replace the late Scalia, but the Senate controversially did not give Garland a full vote; because the D. C. Circuit does not represent any state, confirmation of nominees can be procedurally and easier than for nominees to the Courts of Appeals for the other geographical districts, as home-state senators have been able to hold up confirmation through the "blue slip" process. However, in recent years, several nominees to the D. C. Circuit were stalled and some were not confirmed because senators claimed that the court had become larger than necessary to handle its caseload.
The court has a history of reversing the Federal Communications Commission's major policy actions. The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit meets at the E. Barrett Prettyman United States Courthouse, near Judiciary Square in downtown Washington, D. C. From 1984 to 2009, there were twelve seats on the D. C. Circuit. One of those seats was eliminated by the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007 on January 7, 2008, with immediate effect, leaving the number of authorized judgeships at eleven.. Decisions of the U. S. Courts of Appeals are published in the Federal Reporter, an unofficial reporter from Thomson Reuters; as of March 18, 2019, the judges on the court are as follows: When Congress established this court in 1893 as the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia, it had a Chief Justice, the other judges were called Associate Justices, similar to the structure of the Supreme Court. The Chief Justiceship was a separate seat: the President would appoint the Chief Justice, that person would stay Chief Justice until he left the court.
On June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 869 and 62 Stat. 985 became law. These acts made the Chief Justice a Chief Judge. In 1954, another law, 68 Stat. 1245, clarified what was implicit in those laws: that the Chief Judgeship was not a mere renaming of the position but a change in its status that made it the same as the Chief Judge of other inferior courts. Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice is on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, have not served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges; the chief judge serves until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected
Antioch College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college in Yellow Springs, Ohio. Founded in 1850 by the Christian Connection, the college began operating in 1852, it was the founding, constituent college of Antioch University System, which Antioch College remained a part of until 2008. The college remained closed for three years before reopening in 2011, separated from the university as an independent institution by 2014. Antioch is one of only a few liberal-arts institutions in the United States featuring a cooperative education work program mandatory for all students. Democracy and shared governance as a means to activism and social justice, are at the heart of the college. Since 1921 Antioch's educational approach has blended practical work experience with classroom learning, participatory community governance. Students receive narrative evaluations and academic letter grades. Antioch College is a member of the Great Lakes Colleges Association, the Colleges That Change Lives, the Global Liberal Arts Alliance, the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education.
The college has produced two Nobel Prize winners. José Ramos-Horta, the 1996 laureate for Peace, obtained his Master of Arts at Antioch in 1984. Mario Capecchi, the 2007 laureate for Medicine, earned the Bachelor of Science from Antioch in 1961. Antioch College offers nine majors leading to the Bachelor of Arts degree: Anthropology, Literature, Media Arts, Visual Arts, Philosophy and Political Economy. Additionally, Antioch offers two majors leading to the Bachelor of Science: Biomedical Science and Environmental Science. Students may develop a self-designed major in either the arts or sciences. Courses are offered on a quarter-based academic calendar. All students are required to take at least two courses in each of the Antioch-designated Liberal Arts traditions: the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, as well as four interdisciplinary "Global Seminar" courses from the topics of Water, Energy, Health and Education. Additionally, students must achieve "novice-high proficiency" in a second language.
Antioch College offers coursework in Spanish and Japanese. Students may test out of taking the language requirement by taking the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages Oral Proficiency Interview, or have passed an AP exam with a score of 4 or 5. Students must complete a co-op program in each year. All Antioch students spend four quarters over four years in meaningful domestic and international work experiences in the college's co-op program as part of their academic requirements for graduation. Antioch College held continuous accreditation from 1927 through the late 1970s as the undergraduate college of Antioch University. Accreditation remained with Antioch University when it closed the college in 2008. Following Antioch College's reopening and separation from the university, it underwent a multi-year, multi-phase process seeking to gain accreditation as an independent institution. While the college sought accreditation, Antioch College has been authorized by the Ohio Board of Regents to offer Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees in the aforementioned programs of study.
On June 30, 2016, the Higher Learning Commission granted Antioch College accreditation. The college will host a review for reaffirmation of accreditation in 2019-2020; every student admitted between fall 2011 through fall 2014 receives the Horace Mann Fellowship, which covers the full cost of tuition for four years. The Huffington Post has recognized Antioch College on its list of "Top Non-Traditional Colleges" alongside Brown University, the New School, Wesleyan University, among others. Antioch has been included in the guidebook Colleges That Change Lives which declares that "there is no college or university in the country that makes a more profound difference in a young person's life or that creates more effective adults."During her remarks to the college in 2004, alumna Coretta Scott King stated that "Antioch students learn that it’s not enough to have a great career, material wealth and a fulfilling family life. We are called to serve, to share, to give and to do what we can to lift up the lives of others.
No other college emphasizes this challenge so strongly. That’s what makes Antioch so special." Antioch College is located on the site of a short-lived Owenite community, a utopian socialist collective agricultural enterprise, established in July 1825 and terminated at the end of December of that same year. On October 5, 1850, the General Convention of the Christian Church passed a resolution stating "that our responsibility to the community, the advancement of our interests as a denomination, demand of us the establishing of a College." The delegates further pledged "the sum of one hundred thousand dollars as the standard by which to measure our zeal and our effort in raising the means for establishing the contemplated College." The Committee on the Plan for a College was formed to undertake the founding of a college, make decisions regarding the name of the school, the endowment, fundraising and administration. Most notably, the committee decided that the college "shall afford equal privileges to students of both sexes."
The Christian Connection sect wanted the new college to be sectarian, but the planning committee decided otherwise. Despite its enthusiasm, the Christian Connection's fundraising efforts proved insufficient; the money raised before the school opened failed to cover the cost of the three original buildings, much less create an endowment. The Unitarian Church contributed an equal amount of funds and nearly as many stude