Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch

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His Grace
The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry
KT KBE FSA FRSE
10th Duke of Buccleuch Allan Warren.JPG
Portrait by Allan Warren in 2013
Personal details
BornRichard Walter John Montagu Douglas Scott
(1954-02-14) 14 February 1954 (age 64)
Edinburgh, Scotland[1]
Spouse(s)
Lady Elizabeth Kerr (m. 1981)
Children4
ParentsJohn Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch
Jane McNeill
EducationEton College
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Richard Walter John Montagu Douglas Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch and 12th Duke of Queensberry, KT, KBE, FSA, FRSE (born 14 February 1954), styled as Lord Eskdaill until 1973 and as Earl of Dalkeith from 1973 until 2007, is a Scottish landholder and peer. He is the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, as well as Chief of Clan Scott. He is the senior patrilineal descendant of James, Duke of Monmouth (9 April 1649 – 15 July 1685), the eldest illegitimate son of King Charles II and his mistress, Lucy Walter. Through Charles, he is a direct descendant of Mary, Queen of Scots.

In 2013, The Herald reported that the Duke was Scotland's largest private landowner, with some 280,000 acres (110,000 ha).[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Scott was born in 1954, the son of John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, and his wife, Jane Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch. He was baptised with Princess Margaret as one of his godparents.

He was educated at St. Mary's School, Melrose, Eton College, and was Page of Honour to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother from 1967 to 1969.[3][4] In 1973, his father inherited the Dukedoms of Buccleuch and Queensberry, and Scott took the courtesy title Earl of Dalkeith, prior to that he was styled as Lord Eskdaill. He graduated from the University of Oxford in 1976 as a Bachelor of Arts.

Career[edit]

As Earl of Dalkeith, he had a brief term on the board of Border Television from 1989 to 1990, and in 1994 he joined the Millennium Commission as the representative for Northern England. He was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the 2000 New Year Honours for his services to the Millennium Celebrations,[5] leaving the commission in 2003. He was president of the National Trust for Scotland from 2003 to 2012, and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (FRSE).

He also served as Deputy Chairman of the (since abolished) Independent Television Commission, as a member of Scottish Heritage, on the board of the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust, and was President of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society from 1999 to 2005.

He inherited the titles of Duke of Buccleuch and Duke of Queensberry upon his father's death on 4 September 2007.

The art collection of the Dukes of Buccleuch is of great significance, and the recovery of the stolen Leonardo da Vinci painting Madonna of the Yarnwinder from the collection, valued at 30 million GBP, in a raid on the offices of a prestigious law firm captured public attention in 2007.[6] In 2008 a painting in the family collection at Boughton House, a rare portrait of the young Queen Elizabeth I of England, was discovered.[7]

On 1 January 2011, he was appointed Honorary Colonel of the 6th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland.[8] His honorary colonelcy ended in 2016.[9] In late 2011, he was appointed Deputy Lieutenant of Roxburgh, Ettrick & Lauderdale.[10]

The Duke is a trustee of the Royal Collection Trust,[11] President of the Georgian Group and an honorary member of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (HonRICS).

The Duke is President of St Andrew’s First Aid. The Buccleuch family has held the presidency of St Andrew’s First Aid since the early 1900s.

In October 2016, the Duke was appointed High Steward of Westminster Abbey, a position previously held by the 5th Duke in the late 19th century.[12]

In November 2016, he was appointed as Lord Lieutenant of Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale with effect from 28 December.[13]

In December 2017, he was appointed as Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland for the year 2018.[14] In October 2018, he was re-appointed for the year 2019.[15]

The Duke was appointed Knight Companion of the Order of the Thistle (KT) in the 2018 New Year Honours with the appointment dated 30 November 2017.[16]

Houses owned by the Duke include Boughton House, Drumlanrig Castle, Dalkeith Palace, and Bowhill House.

Marriage and family[edit]

In 1981, he married Elizabeth Marian Frances Kerr, a daughter of the 12th Marquess of Lothian (and a sister of the 13th Marquess of Lothian, a Conservative politician). They had four children:

  • Louisa Jane Therese Montagu Douglas Scott (1 October 1982); she married Rupert Trotter on 28 May 2011. They have two children:
    • Molly Elizabeth Jane Trotter (20 August 2012)
    • Robin Peter Trotter (21 May 2014)
  • Walter John Francis Montagu Douglas Scott, Earl of Dalkeith (2 August 1984); he married Elizabeth Hanar Cobbe on 22 November 2014.
  • Charles David Peter Montagu Douglas Scott (b. 20 April 1987)
  • Amabel Clare Alice Montagu Douglas Scott (b. 23 June 1992)

The Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry is a patroness of the Royal Caledonian Ball.[17]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 14 February 1954 – 4 October 1973: Lord Eskdaill
  • 4 October 1973 – 4 September 2007: Earl of Dalkeith
  • 4 September 2007 – present: His Grace The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry

Ancestry[edit]

The paternity of James, Duke of Monmouth has long been in dispute. In 2012, a DNA test conducted on the present Duke of Buccleuch showed that he shared the same Y chromosome (inherited from father-to-son) as a distant Stuart cousin, providing strong evidence that Charles II was indeed Monmouth's biological father.[18]

Arms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Heir for Earl of Dalkeith". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 15 February 1954. p. 8.
  2. ^ Ross, David (5 June 2013). "Questions raised over land swap deal with billionaire". The Herald. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  3. ^ "No. 44471". The London Gazette. 8 December 1967. p. 13447.
  4. ^ "No. 44968". The London Gazette. 20 November 1969. p. 11119.
  5. ^ "No. 55710". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1999. p. 8.
  6. ^ Campsie, Alison. Return of da Vinci had more twists than a Hollywood film, The Herald (Glasgow), 22 April 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Rare Elizabeth I portrait found". BBC News. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  8. ^ "No. 59692". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 February 2011. p. 2146.
  9. ^ "No. 61462". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 January 2016. p. 107.
  10. ^ "No. 59982". The London Gazette. 1 December 2011. p. 23015.
  11. ^ "Home". royalcollection.org.uk. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Duke of Buccleuch appointed as High Steward of Westminster Abbey". westminster-abbey.org. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  13. ^ "Lord-Lieutenant for Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale: Richard Scott". 10 Downing Street. 30 November 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 2018". 10 Downing Street. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  15. ^ "Queen appoints Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland". 10 Downing Street. 3 October 2018. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  16. ^ "No. 62150". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 30 December 2017. p. N2.
  17. ^ "Patronesses". Royal Caledonian Ball. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013.
  18. ^ "Scotland's DNA: Descended from lost tribes…and related to Napoleon". The Scotsman. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2012.

External links[edit]

Court offices
Preceded by
Valentine Cecil
Page of Honour to The Queen Mother
1967–1969
Succeeded by
Simon Mulholland
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Gerald Maitland-Carew
Lord Lieutenant of Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale
2016 – present
Incumbent
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Walter Scott
Duke of Buccleuch
Duke of Queensberry

2007 – present
Incumbent
Order of precedence in England and Wales
Preceded by
The Duke of Hamilton
Gentlemen
The Duke of Buccleuch
Succeeded by
The Duke of Argyll
Order of precedence in Scotland
Preceded by
The Duke of Hamilton
Gentlemen
The Duke of Buccleuch
Succeeded by
The Duke of Atholl
Order of precedence in Northern Ireland
Preceded by
The Duke of Hamilton
Gentlemen
The Duke of Buccleuch
Succeeded by
The Duke of Argyll