Gordon Brown (guard)
Francis Gordon "Skim" Brown was an American college football player. He played for the Yale Bulldogs football team of Yale University from 1897 to 1900. In 1900, he captained the Yale football team, referred to as the "Team of the Century", he was an academic leader of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Brown was born in New York City, September 6, 1879, to Francis Gordon Brown, Sr. and Julia Noyes Tracy. After his college career, he entered the banking business, before he died from diabetes at age 31, he was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1954. He is the namesake of the Gordon Brown Memorial Prize. Gordon Brown at the College Football Hall of Fame
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating; the Olympic Games are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart. Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896; the IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority. The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games; some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental games, the World Games for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games.
The Deaflympics and Special Olympics are endorsed by the IOC. The IOC has had to adapt to a variety of economic and technological advancements; the abuse of amateur rules by the Eastern Bloc nations prompted the IOC to shift away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to allowing participation of professional athletes. The growing importance of mass media created the issue of corporate sponsorship and commercialisation of the Games. World wars led to the cancellation of the 1916, 1940, 1944 Games. Large boycotts during the Cold War limited participation in the 1980 and 1984 Games; the Olympic Movement consists of international sports federations, National Olympic Committees, organising committees for each specific Olympic Games. As the decision-making body, the IOC is responsible for choosing the host city for each Games, organises and funds the Games according to the Olympic Charter; the IOC determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games. There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.
Over 13,000 athletes compete at the Summer and Winter Olympic Games in 33 different sports and nearly 400 events. The first and third-place finishers in each event receive Olympic medals: gold and bronze, respectively; the Games have grown so much. This growth has created numerous challenges and controversies, including boycotts, bribery, a terrorist attack in 1972; every two years the Olympics and its media exposure provide athletes with the chance to attain national and sometimes international fame. The Games constitute an opportunity for the host city and country to showcase themselves to the world; the Ancient Olympic Games were religious and athletic festivals held every four years at the sanctuary of Zeus in Olympia, Greece. Competition was among representatives of several kingdoms of Ancient Greece; these Games featured athletic but combat sports such as wrestling and the pankration and chariot racing events. It has been written that during the Games, all conflicts among the participating city-states were postponed until the Games were finished.
This cessation of hostilities was known as truce. This idea is a modern myth; the truce did allow those religious pilgrims who were travelling to Olympia to pass through warring territories unmolested because they were protected by Zeus. The origin of the Olympics is shrouded in legend. According to legend, it was Heracles who first called the Games "Olympic" and established the custom of holding them every four years; the myth continues that after Heracles completed his twelve labours, he built the Olympic Stadium as an honour to Zeus. Following its completion, he walked in a straight line for 200 steps and called this distance a "stadion", which became a unit of distance; the most accepted inception date for the Ancient Olympics is 776 BC. The Ancient Games featured running events, a pentathlon, wrestling and equestrian events. Tradition has it that a cook from the city of Elis, was the first Olympic champion; the Olympics were of fundamental religious importance, featuring sporting events alongside ritual sacrifices honouring both Zeus and Pelops, divine hero and mythical king of Olympia.
Pelops was famous for his chariot race with King Oenomaus of Pisatis. The winners of the events were immortalised in poems and statues; the Games were held every four years, this period, known as an Olympiad, was used by Greeks as one of their units of time measurement. The Games were part of a cycle known as the Panhellenic Games, which included the Pythian Games, the Nemean Games, the Isthmian Games; the Olympic Games reached their zenith in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, but gradually declined in importance as the Romans gained power and influence in Gr
Herman Parker "Bo" Olcott was an American football player and coach. He played college football at Yale University. Olcott was the head football coach at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 1902 to 1903, New York University from 1907 to 1912, the University of Kansas, from 1915 to 1917, he was the head coach of the Great Lakes Navy Bluejackets football team, which represented the Naval Station Great Lakes, for the first three games of the 1918 season. Olcott died on November 3, 1929 in Wallingford, Connecticut after a three-year illness
William Patrick "Parry" O'Brien was an American shot put champion. He competed in four consecutive Summer Olympics where he won one silver medal. In his last Olympic competition he placed fourth. For all of these accomplishments, O'Brien was inducted into the IAAF and U. S. Olympic halls of fame. Born in Santa Monica, California, O'Brien was active in sports at Santa Monica High School, playing end on the football team that won the California state championship in 1948, he was awarded an athletic scholarship in football to the University of Southern California. He won the 16-pound shot put competition at the 1949 CIF California State Meet, he finished in third place that year putting the standard 12-pound shot for high schoolers. O'Brien enrolled in college at U. S. C. where he continued to play football as a freshman until he was kicked in the stomach during practice and injured. He decided to concentrate on track and field, for the shot put and the discus throw). In the early 1950s, O'Brien developed a new method for putting the 16-pound shot.
The Los Angeles Times described it: When O'Brien began throwing the shot, the standard method was to rock back on one leg, swing the other in front for balance, hop forward and propel the iron ball forward. O'Brien instead began by facing the back of the circle, he turned 180 degrees, using the spin to generate momentum and help him throw the shot greater distances. Using this method he was able to break the world record in the shot put 17 times, becoming the first man to put the 16-pound shot more than 60 feet, winning 116 consecutive meets in the shot put; this method became known as "O'Brien Style" or the "O'Brien Glide." He held the world record from 1953 to 1959. During his career he won 18 Amateur Athletic Union championships, 17 in the shot put, plus one in the discus, he won nine consecutive national indoor shot put championships, he won eight overall outdoors, including five in a row. As a competitor, in addition to developing new techniques for the shot put, he made motivational tapes for himself, experimented with Yoga.
Time magazine, in a cover story written during the week before the Melbourne Olympics, noted "None has been more successful than O'Brien in combining what he calls "M. A." and "P. A."." He was the first man to retain his Olympic shot put title since Ralph Rose of the United States did so in 1904 and 1908. During the 1960 Summer Olympics, O'Brien won the silver medal in one of the rare track meets that he did not win. In 1964, O'Brien was the flag bearer for the American Olympic Team at the Tokyo Olympic Games. O'Brien entered the National Track and Field Hall of Fame of the United States in 1974. Next he was chosen for the U. S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1984, the Univ. of Southern California Athletic Hall of Fame in 1994. After retiring from senior competitions O'Brien worked in the banking and real estate business in Southern California, he remained active in masters athletics, he put a six kilogram shot 58'1½ " at age 50 in 1984. This distance, two feet further than the listed American Masters record in his age division is still pending.
In the 1990s he began swimming because athletics put too much stress on his joints. O'Brien died of a heart attack in the 500 yard freestyle swimming pool at the Santa Clarita Aquatics club while he was competing in a Southern Pacific Masters Association regional swimming competition, he was 75 years old. He was survived by his wife Terri, stepsons Erik Skorge and Norman Skorge, daughters Shauna and Erin. O'Brien was married to Sandra Cordrey and Arden Arena. Media related to Parry O'Brien at Wikimedia Commons O'Brien rzutyiskoki.pl USATF Hall of Fame Watman, Mel. "Parry O'Brien, two-time Olympic Shot Put champion, dies at 75". IAAF. Retrieved April 26, 2007
Wilbur Marvin "Moose" Thompson was an American shot putter who won a gold medal at the 1948 Summer Olympics. While studying at Modesto Junior College, Thompson won the national junior college title in 1939 and 1940, he served in the US Army during World War II, in 1946 placed second at the NCAA championships. He held a world ranking of #6 in 1947, #2 in 1948, #3 in 1949 and #4 in 1950. Thompson graduated with a master's degree in petroleum engineering and worked in the oil production and at the California State Lands Commission, he died aged 92 and was survived by three daughters. His grandson, McLeod Bethel-Thompson, is a professional quarterback in the Canadian Football League
George B. Chadwick
George Brewster Chadwick was an All-American football player and coach. He played college football for Yale University from 1899 to 1902 and was the head coach of the 1903 Yale football team. After working for a time in the hardware and sales fields, Chadwick had a long career as a teacher of English and Latin at Eastern private boys' schools. Chadwick was born in Brooklyn, New York, in June 1880, his father Charles Noyes Chadwick was the president of C. N. Chadwick Co. manufacturers of children's underwaists and boy's shirtwaists. His mother was Alice Ann Chadwick. Chadwick attended Brooklyn Latin School and Brooklyn High School. Chadwick enrolled at Yale University in 1898, he played halfback for the Yale Bulldogs football team from 1899 to 1902. In December 1901, he was selected by his teammates as the captain of the 1902 Yale football team, he led the 1900 and 1902 Yale teams to undefeated seasons, he was selected as a first-team College Football All-American in 1900 and 1902. He scored all of Yale's points in a 12–5 victory over Harvard in 1902 on runs of 53 and 55 yards.
In his book, "The History of American Football," Allison Danzig referred to Chadwick as "the phantom line cleaver." While playing football at Yale, Chadwick was 5 feet 10 inches in height, weighed 155 pounds. In 1951, Chadwick recalled the Yale teams on which he played, noting that "our game was not as intricate or deceptive as it is today" but that the old game "had precision."While attending Yale, Chadwick was a member of the University Glee Club, Psi Upsilon, Skull and Bones. After graduating as part of Yale's class of 1903, Chadwick agreed to return as the school's head football coach in the fall of 1903. Chadwick coached the 1903 Yale football team to an 11–1 record, outscoring opponents 312 to 26; the 1903 team's only loss came against Princeton by a score of 11–6. During the period from 1899 to 1912, Yale had 14 different head football coaches in 14 years – despite compiling a combined record of 127–11–10 in those years. During that 14-year span, the Yale football team has been recognized as the national championship team by one or more of the major national championship selectors on seven occasions – 1900, 1901, 1902, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1909.
At the conclusion of the 1903 football season, Chadwick accepted a position with the Southern Railroad Company, St. Louis and Louisville Division, he held positions with that company in Princeton and East St. Louis, Illinois. In August 1904, he became employed by the Simmons Hardware Company in Missouri. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, Chadwick was living with his parents in Brooklyn and working as a salesman for a roofing concern; as of 1917, Chadwick was reported to be employed by The Patterson Manufacturing Company of Toronto, Canada. In a draft registration card completed by Chadwick in September 1918, he indicated that he was living in Manhattan, New York City, working as a sales manager for Barrett Manufacturing Company, manufacturers of road-building materials. During World War I, Chadwick served in the U. S. achieved the rank of captain. After the war, he worked as the editor of a Red Cross magazine. At some point after 1918, Chadwick became a school teacher, he taught English and Latin at various private boys' schools.
At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Chadwick was living in Ridgefield, working as a teacher in a private school. In 1927, he published his only book - Chuck Blue of Sterling - a story of college football. In a draft registration card completed by Chadwick at the time of World War II, Chadwick indicated that he was residing at the Kent School, a private preparatory school located in Kent, Connecticut. Chadwick died in October 1961 at his home on Ferry Road in Old Lyme, Connecticut, at age 81
1900 Yale Bulldogs football team
The 1900 Yale Bulldogs football team represented Yale University in the 1900 college football season. The team finished with a 12–0 record and was retroactively named as the national champion by the Billingsley Report, Helms Athletic Foundation, Houlgate System, National Championship Foundation, Parke H. Davis