Special routes of U.S. Route 25
Several special routes of U. S. Route 25 exist. In order from south to north they are as follows. U. S. Route 25 Bypass, in complete concurrency with State Route 67 Bypass, is the western half of the divided four-lane bypass, west around Statesboro, Georgia known as "Veterans Memorial Parkway." The eastern half is US 301 Byp., in concurrency with SR 73 Byp. U. S. Route 25 Bypass, in complete concurrency with State Route 121 Bypass, is a divided four-lane bypass, east around Waynesboro, Georgia. U. S. Route 25 Business is a 4.4-mile-long business route of US 25 that connects Augusta, Georgia with North Augusta, South Carolina. Its Georgia portion is part of 13th Street, its entire South Carolina portion is part of Georgia Avenue. In Georgia, it is concurrent with SR 4 for about 0.3 miles. In South Carolina, it is concurrent with South Carolina Highway 125 Truck. US 25 Bus. begins at an interchange with US 1/US 25/US 78/US 278/SR 10/SR 121 on the line between the Olde Town portion of the city of Augusta and downtown.
Northbound traffic on US 25 Bus./SR 28 has to make a U-turn to access Gordon Highway. Here, the business route is concurrent with SR 28; the two highways travel to the west-northwest. The next intersection is with 5th Street. At this intersection, SR 28 departs to the left, heading toward the Government Center and an intercity bus station. On the southeastern corner of this intersection is the former location of the Haunted Pillar. An intersection with 6th Street leads to the Augusta Museum of History, Riverwalk Augusta, St. Paul's Church. In the middle of this intersection is a crossing of some railroad tracks of Norfolk Southern Railway. An intersection with 7th Street leads to the James Brown Arena. Between 7th and 8th streets, the highway passes the Augusta Confederate Monument, the Lamar Building, the Imperial Theatre. 8th Street leads to the Bell Auditorium. Between 8th Street and James Brown Boulevard, it passes the Augusta Commons Park, a James Brown statue, the Richmond County Board of Education building.
James Brown Boulevard leads to the Augusta–Richmond County Public Library,the Augusta Convention Center, Riverwalk Augusta. An intersection with 10th Street leads to the Morris Museum of Riverwalk Augusta. An intersection with 12th Street leads to the Museum of Springfield Village Park. At an intersection with SR 4, which leads to the Sacred Heart Cultural Center, Meadow Garden, the Medical District, US 25 Bus. turns right, off of Broad Street and onto SR 4. US 25 Bus. and SR 4 travel to the north-northeast on 13th Street. They intersect Jones Street, which carries the eastern terminus of the eastbound lanes of SR 104; the next intersection is with Reynolds Street, with carries the eastern terminus of the westbound lanes of SR 104. US 25 Bus. and SR 4 encounter an entrance to the New Bartram Trail before beginning to travel over the Savannah River on the James U. Jackson Memorial Bridge. About in the center of this bridge, SR 4 and 13th Street end at the South Carolina state line, US 25 Bus. continues to the north-northeast on Georgia Avenue.
As soon as US 25 Bus. crosses the river, it travels over The River Golf Club. It curves to the north-northwest. Just south of an intersection with the northern terminus of Center Street, it passes the City of North Augusta Municipal Building. Center Street leads to this building, Brick Pond Park, the Riverfront. Just north of this intersection, the highway curves back to the north-northeast. Just north of Clifton Avenue, it passes Wade Hampton Veterans Park; the business route intersects the eastern terminus of West Buena Vista Avenue, which leads to Riverview Park and Lions Field, the northern terminus of South Carolina Highway 125, which leads to the public safety complex and community center. At this intersection, SC 125 Truck concurrent with US 25 Bus. An intersection with Spring Grove Avenue leads to the living history park and North Augusta Elementary School. At an intersection with the eastern terminus of Jackson Avenue, the highway curves to the northeast. Just south of Forest Avenue, they pass a memorial for the Hamburg Riot.
Just north of this intersection is Lookaway Hall. They intersect SC 230. Here, SC 125 Truck leaves the business route. Just northeast of an intersection with the eastern terminus of Butler Avenue, US 25 Bus. begins to curve back to the north-northeast. On this curve, it passes Davenport Park. Just north of Observatory Avenue, it passes the studio and office facility of WRDW-TV; the highway passes a United States Post Office. North of Five Notch Road, US 25 Bus. curves to the east and reaches its northern terminus, an intersection with US 25/SC 121 and the western terminus of Chalet North Road. U. S. Route 25 Truck is a 3.9-mile bypass of South Carolina, along Bauskett Street. Signage in the area shows a business banner on top of US 25, which goes through downtown Edgefield, it is in fact mainline US 25. Visitors may consider the truck route as a viable bypass. U. S. Route 25 Business is a business route of U. S. Route 25 in Greenwood and its western terminus of SC 34 along with US 178. U. S. Route 25 Connector is an unsigned 1.0 mile connector route, in concurrency with US 276 Conn, along Poinsett Highway.
It connects US 25 with US 276, in South Carolina. U. S. Route 25
Interstate 20 in Georgia
In the U. S. state of Georgia, Interstate 20 travels from the Alabama state line to the Savannah River, the South Carolina state line. The highway enters the state near Tallapoosa, it travels through exits the state in Augusta. The highway travels through the cities of Bremen, Conyers and Madison. I-20 has the unsigned state highway designation of State Route 402. I-20 is four lanes wide in much of the state. In the Atlanta metropolitan area, the highway ranges from six lanes wide in the most outlying counties to 10 lanes wide in downtown Atlanta. I-20 enters Georgia from Alabama south-southwest of Tallapoosa; the state line is the Central–Eastern time zone boundary. It crosses over Williams Creek, it passes the Georgia Visitor Information Center. The highway crosses over Walton Creek just before entering the city limits of Tallapoosa. After it leaves the city limits, it has an interchange with SR 100. Within the interchange, I-20 enters the city limits of Tallapoosa twice more. After crossing over Blalock Creek, it curves to the east.
After it curves back to the east-northeast, it crosses over Walker Creek twice. It curves to the east-southeast and travels along the southern edge of Waco, where it has an interchange with Waco Road; the interstate enters Bremen. It enters Carroll County. I-20 curves to the east and has an interchange with US 27/SR 1, it travels southeast of the city. It crosses over Buck Creek. Right after the creek, the westbound lanes have a weigh station; the highway travels south of Spence Lake. It crosses over Allen Creek, it crosses over Bethel Creek. After a crossing of Webster Creek, the highway curves to the east-northeast and has an interchange with SR 113, it leaves Temple. It crosses the Little Tallapoosa River and curves back to the east-northeast, it enters Villa Rica. It travels just south of Villa Rica High School, it has an interchange with SR 61/SR 101. It passes the Glanton -- Hindsman Elementary School, it enters Douglas County. After I-20 starts curving to the east-southeast, it has an interchange with Liberty Road.
It curves to the east. It crosses over Keaton Creek, it has an interchange with Post Road southwest of Winston. It crosses over Mobley Creek, it enters Douglasville. It has an interchange with SR 5, it passes the Arbor Place Mall on its northern side. It crosses over Anneewakee Creek and has an interchange with Chapel Hill Road; the highway passes the WellStar Douglas Hospital on its eastern side. After crossing over Slater Mill Creek, it has an interchange with SR 92. Within the interchange, I-20 crosses over Little Anneewakee Creek, it travels along the Lithia Springs–Douglasville city line before re-entering Douglasville proper. It very travels along the Lithia Springs–Dawsonville city line. There, it crosses over Beaver Creek. After the interchange begins, the interstate enters Lithia Springs proper, it leaves the city limits of Lithia Springs and crosses over Sweetwater Creek on the Blair Bridge. Upon re-entering the city, it curves to the east-southeast and has an interchange with SR 6. Right after leaving the interchange, it enters Cobb County.
I-20 has an interchange with both the northern terminus of Riverside Parkway and the eastern terminus of Six Flags Drive. Is a partial interchange with Six Flags Parkway; this interchange is only accessible from the westbound lanes. At this interchange, the highway begins to travel along the southern edge of Mableton, it crosses over the Chattahoochee River on the Debra Mills Commemorative Bridge. This marks the eastern end of Mableton, as well as the Fulton County line. I-20 has an interchange with SR 70, it curves to the east-northeast and enters the western part of Atlanta, on the Adamsville–Old Gordon neighborhood line. At a bridge over SR 139, the highway begins traveling along the Adamsville–Fairburn Heights neighborhood line. After passing Collier Heights Park, it curves to the southeast and has an interchange with I-285; this interchange is just south of the Basoline E. Usher Elementary School and on the southwestern edge of Harwell Heights Park. Right after the I-285 interchange, the highway travels on the Westhaven–Collier Heights neighborhood line.
It crosses over Sandy Creek and has an interchange with SR 280. At this interchange, it begins to travel on the Westhaven–Dixie Hills neighborhood line. Just southeast of this interchange, it travels along the Florida Heights–Dixie Hills neighborhood line. At a crossing of Fairfield Place NW, I-20 begins to parallel SR 139. Just north of Westview Cemetery, it travels along the southern edge of the Penelope Neighbors neighborhood; the highway curves to the east-northeast and has an interchange with Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, it curves back to the southeast and begins to travel along the southern edge of the Mozley Park neighborhood. Upon traveling under a bridge that carries Westview Drive SW, it begins traveling along the Westview–Mozley Park neighborhood line. Upon reaching a partial interchange with Langhorn Street SW, only accessible from the westbound lanes, it enters the
Edgefield County, South Carolina
Edgefield County is a county located on the western border of the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 26,985, its county seat is Edgefield. Edgefield County has as part of its western border the Savannah River. Edgefield is part of the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area; the origin of the name Edgefield is unclear. There is a village named Edgefield in England. Edgefield District was created in 1785, it is bordered on the west by the Savannah River, it was formed from the southern section of the former Ninety-Six District when it was divided into smaller districts or counties by an act of the state legislature. Parts of the district were used in the formation of other neighboring counties, specifically: Aiken in 1871. In his study of Edgefield County, South Carolina, Orville Vernon Burton classified white society as comprising the poor, the yeoman middle class, the elite planters. A clear line demarcated the elite, but according to Burton, the line between poor and yeoman was never distinct.
Stephanie McCurry argues that yeomen were distinguished from poor whites by their ownership of land. Edgefield's yeomen farmers were "self-working farmers," distinct from the elite because they worked their land themselves alongside any slaves they owned. By owning large numbers of slaves, planters took on a managerial function and did not work in the fields. During Reconstruction, Edgefield County had a slight black majority, it became a center of political tensions following the postwar amendments that gave freedmen civil rights under the US constitution. Whites conducted an insurgency to maintain white supremacy through paramilitary groups known as the Red Shirts, they used violence and intimidation during election seasons from 1872 on to disrupt and suppress black Republican voting. In the early summer, six black suspects were lynched by a white mob for the alleged murders of a white couple. In the Hamburg Massacre of July 8, 1876, several black militia were killed by whites, part of a large group of more than 100 armed men who attended a court hearing of a complaint of whites against the militia.
Some of the white men came from Augusta. Due to fraud, more Democratic votes were recorded in Edgefield County than there were total residents; the election was decided in Hampton's favor, the Democrats took control of the state legislature. As a result of a national compromise, Federal troops were withdrawn in 1877 from South Carolina and other southern states, ending Reconstruction. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 507 square miles, of which 500 square miles is land and 6.3 square miles is water. Saluda County - northeast Aiken County - east Richmond County, Georgia - southwest Columbia County, Georgia - southwest McCormick County - west Greenwood County - northwest Sumter National Forest The long decline in population from 1910 to 1980 reflects the decline in agriculture, mechanization reducing labor needs, the effect of many African Americans leaving for Northern and Midwestern cities in the Great Migration out of the rural South; as of the census of 2000, there were 24,595 people, 8,270 households, 6,210 families residing in the county.
The population density was 49 people per square mile. There were 9,223 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 56.77% White, 41.51% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, 0.69% from two or more races. 2.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,270 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.90% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females, there were 112.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,146, the median income for a family was $41,810. Males had a median income of $32,748 versus $23,331 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,415. About 13.00% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,985 people, 9,348 households, 6,706 families residing in the county; the population density was 53.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 10,559 housing units at an average density of 21.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 58.6% white, 37.2% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 2.2% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.8% were American, 9.0% were English, 6.7% were Irish, 5.1% were German.
Of the 9,348 households, 33.3% had children under the
For the Department of Energy facility, see Savannah River Site The Savannah River is a major river in the southeastern United States, forming most of the border between the states of South Carolina and Georgia. Two tributaries of the Savannah, the Tugaloo River and the Chattooga River, form the northernmost part of the border; the Savannah River drainage basin extends into the southeastern side of the Appalachian Mountains just inside North Carolina, bounded by the Eastern Continental Divide. The river is around 301 miles long, it is formed by the confluence of the Seneca River. Today this confluence is submerged beneath Lake Hartwell; the Tallulah Gorge is located on the Tallulah River, a tributary of the Tugaloo River that forms the northwest branch of the Savannah River. Two major cities are located along the Savannah River: Savannah, Augusta, Georgia, they were nuclei of early English settlements during the Colonial period of American history. The Savannah River is tidal at Savannah proper.
Downstream from there, the river broadens into an estuary before flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. The area where the river's estuary meets the ocean is known as "Tybee Roads"; the Intracoastal Waterway flows through a section of the Savannah River near the city of Savannah. The name "Savannah" comes from a group of Shawnee, they destroyed the Westo and occupied established Westo lands at the Savannah River's head of navigation on the Fall Line, near present-day Augusta. These Shawnee were called by several variant names that all derive from their native name, Ša·wano·ki; the local variants included Shawano, Savano and Savannah. Another theory is that the name was derived from the English term "savanna", a kind of tropical grassland, borrowed by the English from Spanish sabana and used in the colonial southeast; the Spanish word was borrowed from the Taino word zabana. Other theories interpret the name Savannah to come from Atlantic coastal tribes, who spoke Algonquian languages, as there are similar terms meaning not only "southerner" but "salt".
Historical and variant names of the Savannah River, as listed by the U. S. Geological Survey, include May River, Westobou River, Kosalu River, Isundiga River and Girande River, among others; the Westobou River was the former name of the Savannah River, derived from the Westo Native American Indians. The Westo were thought to have come from the northeast, pushed out by the more powerful tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy, who had acquired firearms through trade; this migration beginning in the late 16th century resulted in the Westo Indians reaching the present area of Augusta, Georgia, in what was to be the 1660s. The Westo used the river for fishing and water supplies, for transportation, for trade, they were strong enough to hold off the Spanish colonists making incursions from Florida. The Carolina Colony needed the Westo alliance during its early years; when Carolinians desired to expand its trade to Charleston, they viewed the Westo tribe as an obstacle. In order to remove the tribe, they sent a group called the Goose Creek Men to arm the Savanna Indians, a Shawnee tribe, who defeated the Westo in the Westo War of 1680.
Following this, the English colonists renamed the river as the Savannah. They founded two major cities on the river during the colonial era: Savannah was established in 1733 as a seaport on the Atlantic Ocean, Augusta is located where the river crosses the Fall Line of the Piedmont; the two large cities on the Savannah served as Georgia's first two state capitals. In the nineteenth century, the sandy river channel changed causing numerous steamboat accidents. During the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a blockade around the Confederate states, forcing merchantmen to use specific ports along the coast best suited for this purpose; the harbor at Savannah became one of the busiest ports for blockade runners bringing in supplies for the Confederacy. The Savannah River was significant during the 1950s when construction started on the U. S. government's Savannah River Plant for making tritium for nuclear weapons. In 1956 Clyde L. Cowan and Frederick Reines detected neutrinos with an experiment carried out at the Savannah River Nuclear Plant, after a preliminary experiment at the Hanford Site.
They placed a 10-ton tank of water next to a powerful nuclear reactor engaged in making plutonium for use in nuclear weapons. After shielding the neutrino trap underground and running it for about 100 days over the course of a year, they detected a few synchronized flashes of gamma radiation that signaled the interaction of a few neutrinos with the protons in the water; the neutrinos were not themselves observed, they never have been. Their presence is inferred by an exceedingly rare interaction. One out of every billion billion neutrinos that pass through the water tank hits a proton, producing the telltale burst of radiation. In 1995 Reines was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for this accomplishment, but Cowen did not live long enough to share it. Between 1946 and 1985, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers built three major dams on the Savannah for hydroelectricity, flood control, navigation; the J. Strom Thurmond Dam, the Hartwell Dam, the Richard B. Russell Dam and their reservoirs combine in order to form over 120 miles of lakes.
Donnie Thompson named a small subdivision "Westobou Crossing", located in North Augusta, South Carolina. The area of the subdivision is located marks the first natural ford that crosses the Savannah River, thus promoting trade and allowing travel. Many native a
Augusta Augusta–Richmond County, is a consolidated city-county on the central eastern border of the U. S. state of Georgia. The city lies across the Savannah River from South Carolina at the head of its navigable portion. Georgia's second-largest city after Atlanta, Augusta is located in the Piedmont section of the state. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Augusta–Richmond County had a 2017 estimated population of 197,166, not counting the unconsolidated cities of Blythe and Hephzibah, it is the 122nd largest city in the United States. The process of consolidation between the City of Augusta and Richmond County began with a 1995 referendum in the two jurisdictions; the merger was completed on July 1, 1996. Augusta is the principal city of the Augusta metropolitan area, situated in both Georgia and South Carolina on both sides of the Savannah River. In 2017 it had an estimated population of 600,151, making it the second-largest metro area in the state, it is the 93rd largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Augusta was established in 1736 and is named for Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, the bride of Frederick, Prince of Wales and the mother of the British monarch George III. During the American Civil War, Augusta housed the principal Confederate powder works. Augusta's warm climate made it a major resort town of the Eastern United States in the early and mid-20th century. Internationally, Augusta is best known for hosting The Masters golf tournament each spring; the Masters brings over 200,000 visitors from across the world to the Augusta National Golf Club. Membership at Augusta National is considered to be the most exclusive in the sport of golf across the world. Augusta lies two hours east of downtown Atlanta by car via I-20; the city is home to Fort Gordon, a major U. S. Army base. In 2016, it was announced that the new National Cyber Security Headquarters would be based in Augusta, bringing as many as 10,000 cyber security specialists to the Fort Gordon area; the area along the river was long inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who relied on the river for fish and transportation.
The site of Augusta was used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of its location on the fall line. In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops to explore the upper Savannah River, he gave them an order to build a fort at the head of the navigable part of the river. The expedition was led by Noble Jones, who created a settlement as a first line of defense for coastal areas against potential Spanish or French invasion from the interior. Oglethorpe named the town in honor of Princess Augusta, the mother of King George III and the wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales. Oglethorpe visited Augusta in September 1739 on his return to Savannah from a perilous visit to Coweta Town, near present-day Phenix City, Alabama. There, he had met with a convention of 7,000 Native American warriors and concluded a peace treaty with them in their territories in northern and western Georgia. Augusta was the second state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795.
Augusta developed as a market town as the Black Belt in the Piedmont was developed for cotton cultivation. Invention of the cotton gin made processing of short-staple cotton profitable, this type of cotton was well-suited to the upland areas. Cotton plantations were worked by slave labor, with hundreds of thousands of slaves shipped from the Upper South to the Deep South in the domestic slave trade. Many of the slaves were brought from the Lowcountry, where their Gullah culture had developed on the large Sea Island cotton and rice plantations; the city experienced the Augusta Fire of 1916, which damaged 25 blocks of the town and many buildings of historical significance. As a major city in the area, Augusta was a center of activities after. In the mid-20th century, it was a site of civil rights demonstrations. In 1970 Charles Oatman, a mentally disabled teenager, was killed by his cellmates in an Augusta jail. A protest against his death broke out in a riot involving 500 people, after six black men were killed by police, each found to have been shot in the back.
The noted singer and entertainer James Brown was called in to help quell lingering tensions, which he succeeded in doing. Augusta is located on the Georgia/South Carolina border, about 150 miles east of Atlanta and 70 miles west of Columbia; the city is located at 33°28′12″N 81°58′30″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Augusta–Richmond County balance has a total area of 306.5 square miles, of which 302.1 square miles is land and 4.3 square miles is water. Augusta is located about halfway up the Savannah River on the fall line, which creates a number of small falls on the river; the city marks the end of a navigable waterway for the river and the entry to the Georgia Piedmont area. The Clarks Hill Dam is built on the fall line near Augusta. Farther downstream, near the border of Columbia County, is the Stevens Creek Dam, which generates hydroelectric power. Farther downstream is the Augusta Diversion Dam, which marks the beginning of the Augusta Canal and channels Savannah River waters into the canal.
As with the rest of the state, Augusta has a humid subtropical climate, with short, mild winters hot, humid summers, a wide diurnal temperature variation throughout much of the year, despite its low elevation and moisture. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 45.4 °F in January to 81.6 °F in July.
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond
Field Marshal Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 3rd Duke of Lennox, 3rd Duke of Aubigny, styled Earl of March until 1750, was a British Army officer and politician. He associated with the Rockingham Whigs and rose to hold the post of Southern Secretary for a brief period, he was noteworthy for his support for the colonists during the American Revolutionary War, his support for a policy of concession in Ireland and his advanced views on the issue of parliamentary reform. He went on to be a reforming Master-General of the Ordnance first in the Rockingham ministry and in the ministry of William Pitt; the son of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond and Sarah Cadogan, daughter of William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan. Brother of the famous Lennox sisters, he was educated at Westminster School and Leiden University and succeeded his father as Duke of Richmond in August 1750, he was commissioned as an ensign in the 2nd Foot Guards in March 1752, promoted to captain in the 20th Regiment of Foot on 18 June 1753 and was admitted a Fellow of the Royal Society on 11 December 1755.
Richmond became lieutenant-colonel of the 33rd Regiment of Foot on 7 June 1756. A second battalion of this regiment was raised and in 1757, the following year it became an independent regiment, the 72nd Foot. In May 1758 he became colonel of the 72nd Regiment. Richmond took part in the Raid on Cherbourg in August 1758 and served as aide-de-camp to Prince Frederick of Brunswick at the Battle of Minden in August 1759. Promoted to major-general on 9 March 1761, he saw the 72nd Regiment disbanded in 1763 at the end of the Seven Years' War, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Sussex on 18 October 1763. Richmond was appointed British ambassador extraordinary in Paris and made a Privy Counsellor in 1765, in the following year he served as Southern Secretary in the Rockingham Whig administration, resigning office on the accession of Pitt the Elder in July 1766, he was promoted to lieutenant general on 30 April 1770 and was leader of the parliamentary Whigs in opposition in 1771 when Rockingham's wife was ill.
Richmond's anti-colonial positions earned him the sobriquet "the radical duke." In the debates on the policy that led to the American Revolutionary War Richmond was a firm supporter of the colonists, he initiated the debate in 1778 calling for the removal of British troops from America, during which Pitt was seized by his fatal illness. He advocated a policy of concession in Ireland, with reference to which he originated the phrase "a union of hearts" which long afterwards became famous when his use of it had been forgotten. In 1779 Richmond brought forward a motion for retrenchment of the civil list, in 1780 he embodied in a bill his proposals for parliamentary reform, which included manhood suffrage, annual parliaments and equal electoral areas. Richmond joined the Second Rockingham Ministry as Master-General of the Ordnance in March 1782, he resigned as Master-General when the Fox–North Coalition came to power in April 1783. In January 1784 he joined the First Pitt the Younger Ministry as Master-General of the Ordnance.
He now developed Tory opinions, his alleged desertion of the cause of reform led to accusations of apostasy, an attack on him by Lord Lauderdale in 1792, which nearly led to a duel. In November 1795, when Thomas Hardy and John Horne Tooke were charged with treason and cited his publications on reform in their defence, Richmond became a liability to the Government and was dismissed in February 1795, he became colonel of the Royal Horse Guards on 18 July 1795 and was promoted to field marshal on 30 July 1796. On 15 June 1797 he raised a Yeomanry artillery troop, the Duke of Richmond's Light Horse Artillery at his estate at Goodwood; the troop was equipped with his own design of Curricle gun carriage. In retirement Richmond built the famous racecourse at the family seat of Goodwood, he was a patron of artists such as George Stubbs, Pompeo Batoni, Anton Raphael Mengs, Joshua Reynolds and George Romney. Richmond was buried in Chichester Cathedral, he did have three illegitimate children by his housekeeper.
Brereton, J. M.. C. S.. History of the Duke of Wellington's Regiment. Duke of Wellington's Regiment. ISBN 978-0952155201. Heathcote, Tony; the British Field Marshals, 1736–1997: A Biographical Dictionary. Barnsley: Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-696-5. L. Barlow & R. J. Smith, The Uniforms of the British Yeomanry Force 1794–1914, 1: The Sussex Yeomanry Cavalry, London: Robert Ogilby Trust/Tunbridge Wells: Midas Books, ca 1979, ISBN 0-85936-183-7. Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Lennox, Charles". Dictionary of National Biography. 33. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Gilman, D. C.. "Richmond, Charles Lennox, third Duke of". New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead