Troy Kenneth Aikman is a former American football quarterback who played for the Dallas Cowboys in the National Football League. The number one overall draft pick in 1989, Aikman played twelve consecutive seasons as the starting quarterback with the Cowboys, the greatest number of seasons by any Cowboy quarterback. During his career he was a six-time Pro Bowl selection, led the team to three Super Bowl victories, was the MVP of Super Bowl XXVII. Aikman was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2006 and to the College Football Hall of Fame on December 9, 2008 in New York City, he works as a television sportscaster for the Fox network. He is a former joint owner of the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series racing team Hall of Fame Racing along with fellow former Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach, was a part-owner of the San Diego Padres. Aikman was born on November 21, 1966, he grew up in California. At the age of 12, Aikman's family moved to Henryetta, where he played football at Henryetta High School, where he would earn All-State honors.
Aikman won the 1983 Oklahoma high school state championship in Typing. The New York Mets offered Aikman a contract out of high school, but instead of playing baseball he chose to pursue football and attended the University of Oklahoma under head coach Barry Switzer. In 1984, he became the first freshman to start at quarterback for Oklahoma since World War II. In 1985, his first full season as a collegiate starter, Aikman led the Sooners to victories over Minnesota, Kansas State, #17 Texas in the Red River Shootout before losing to the Miami Hurricanes as he left the game with a broken leg, he lost to his future teammate, Michael Irvin and future head coach, Jimmy Johnson, who scouted him when he was the head coach of Oklahoma State. On October 19, Miami's Jerome Brown broke through the offensive line, sacked Aikman on the Sooner 29-yard line and broke Aikman's ankle. Aikman, six of eight passing for 131 yards, would be lost for the season. Switzer and offensive coordinator Jim Donnan were forced to switch back to the wishbone offense under freshman quarterback Jamelle Holieway.
The team went on to win the 1985 National Championship. With Holieway established as the starting quarterback at OU, Aikman decided to transfer to UCLA. Barry Switzer oversaw Aikman's transfer to UCLA, a program under Terry Donahue, more conducive to a passing quarterback, he had to sit out one year due to college transfer rules but went on to lead the Bruins to a 20-4 record over two seasons. As a junior, he earned the Pac-10 Offensive Player of the Year. Aikman led the Bruins to a 10–2 record and the 1987 Aloha Bowl, where they beat the Florida Gators 20-16; as a senior, Aikman won the 1988 Davey O'Brien Award as the nation's top quarterback, a first for UCLA. He was a Consensus All-American, the UPI West Coast Player of the Year, the Washington DC Club QB of the Year, a finalist for the 1988 AFCA "Coaches Choice" Player of the year award, finished third in voting for the 1988 Heisman Trophy. UCLA matched the victory total from the previous season under Aikman, going 10-2 and losing only to USC and Washington State.
The 1988 season culminated with a 17-3 Bruins victory over the Arkansas Razorbacks in the 1989 Cotton Bowl Classic, played in Dallas. The Dallas media spent most of the Cotton Bowl Classic week promoting Aikman as the "next quarterback of the Cowboys," and much was made of Tom Landry watching Aikman practice during the Bruins' workouts at Texas Stadium. Aikman finished his career as the number two career passing leader in UCLA history. In 2008, he was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame. On November 28, 2014, UCLA retired his #8 jersey at halftime against Stanford. Aikman was the first overall pick in the 1989 NFL Draft, by the Dallas Cowboys. On February 25, 1989, new owner Jerry Jones replaced him with Jimmy Johnson. A few months in the NFL's supplemental draft, Johnson drafted Steve Walsh, who played for Johnson at the University of Miami. Aikman won the starting quarterback job, Walsh was traded early in the 1990 season. Aikman played his first NFL preseason game on August 1989, against the Denver Broncos.
His NFL debut started with a 28–0 loss to the New Orleans Saints. The following week, Aikman threw his first touchdown pass, a 65-yard completion to Michael Irvin, but the Atlanta Falcons intercepted two passes and won. In a game against the Arizona Cardinals, he threw for 379 yards to set an NFL rookie record. Aikman finished 1989 with a 0–11 record as a starter, completing 155 of 293 passes for 1,749 yards, 9 touchdowns and 18 interceptions. Following Aikman's rookie season, Dallas selected Florida Gators RB Emmitt Smith in the first round of the 1990 NFL Draft. With Smith and Irvin, Aikman led the Cowboys to a 7–7 record in the 1990 season, but was injured in the 15th game, against the Philadelphia Eagles; the Cowboys would go on to lose that game and the following week against the Atlanta Falcons with backup QB Babe Laufenberg, missing the final playoff wild card spot by one game. In 1991, Aikman led the Cowboys to a 6–4 record in the first 10 games and had the Cowboys ahead in week 12 against undefeated Washington Redskins when he was injured.
Steve Beuerlein replaced Aikman, Dallas finished the season 5–0 and earned the #5 playoff seed. Beuerlein went on to lead the Cowboys to a road upset over the #4 seed Chicago Bears in the Wild Card round. With the Cowboys losing 17-6 at halftime the following week against the Detroit Lions in the NFC Divisional Playoff game, Aikman was inserted to start the third quarter, but was unable to provide a spark as the Cowboys lost, 38–6. Aikman was selected to the first of six consecutive Pro Bowls. In 1992, Aikman set career highs in completions, pass
In American football and Canadian football, defensive backs are the players on the defensive team who take positions somewhat back from the line of scrimmage. The defensive backs, in turn are classified into several different specialized positions: Safety: Free safety – most the deepest safety Strong safety – the bigger more physical safety, much like a small, quicker linebacker Defensive halfback Cornerback – which include: Nickelback – the fifth defensive back in some sets, such as the nickel formation Dimeback – the sixth defensive back in some sets, such as the dime formation The seventh defensive back, in the exceedingly rare "quarter" set, but strong known as a dollar back or a quarter back The group of defensive backs is known collectively as the secondary, they most defend the wide receiver corps. American football positions
Physical education known as Phys Ed. PE, gym, or gym class, known in many Commonwealth countries as physical training or PT, is an educational course related of maintaining the human body through physical exercises, it is taken during primary and secondary education and encourages psychomotor learning in a play or movement exploration setting to promote health. Whether the class produces positive effects on students' health and academic performance depends upon the kind of program, taught. Physical education trends have developed to incorporate a greater variety of activities besides the skills necessary to play typical team sports such as football or basketball. Introducing students to activities like bowling, walking/hiking, or frisbee at an early age can help them develop good activity habits that will continue into adulthood; some teachers have begun to incorporate stress-reduction techniques such as yoga, deep breathing and tai chi. Tai chi, an ancient martial arts form focused on slow meditative movements, is a relaxation activity with many benefits.
Studies have shown that it enhances muscular strength and endurance, as well as cardiovascular endurance. It provides psychological benefits such as improving general mental health, concentration and positive mood, it can be taught to any age student with little or no equipment, making it ideal for mixed ability and age classes. Tai chi can be incorporated into a holistic learning body and mind unit. Teaching non-traditional sports may provide motivation for students to increase their activity, can help them learn about different cultures. For example, while learning about lacrosse in the Southwestern United States, students might learn about the Native American cultures of the Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada, where the sport originated. Teaching non-traditional sports provides an opportunity to integrate academic concepts from other subjects as well, which may now be required of many PE teachers. PE is important to students' health and overall well-being; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated that over the past three years obesity in children and adolescents has doubled because of diet and lack of activity.
Since the 1970s the number of children who are obese has tripled. SHAPE America's National Standards & Grade-Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education define what a student should know and be able to do as result of an effective physical education program. Another trend is the incorporation of nutrition into the physical education curriculum; the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 required that all school districts with a federally-funded school meal program develop wellness policies that address nutrition and physical activity. While teaching students sports and movement skills, PE teachers are now incorporating short health and nutrition lessons into the curriculum; this is more prevalent at the elementary school level, where students do not have a specific Health class. Most elementary schools have specific health classes for students as well as physical education class. Due to the recent outbreaks of diseases such as swine flu, school districts are making it mandatory for students to learn about practicing good hygiene along with other health topics.
Today, many states require Physical Education teachers to be certified to teach Health courses. Many colleges and universities offer both Physical Health as one certification; this push towards health education is beginning at the intermediate level, including lessons on bullying, self-esteem and stress and anger management. Research has shown that there is a positive correlation between exercising. Incorporating local indigenous knowledge into physical education can lead to many meaningful experiences and a way of learning about other cultures. For example, by incorporating traditional knowledge from varying indigenous groups from across Canada, students can be exposed to many concepts such as holistic learning and the medicine wheel. A unit could be focused on connecting to a place or feeling while outdoors, participating in traditional games, or outdoor environmental education; these types of lesson can be integrated into other parts of the curriculum and give Aboriginal students a chance to incorporate their culture in the local school community.
Studies have been done in. In a 2007 article, researchers found a profound gain in English Arts standardized testing test scores among students who had 56 hours of physical education in a year, compared to those who had 28 hours of physical education a year. In Brazil, the physical education curriculum is designed to allow school pupils a full range of modern opportunities, including sports. Martial arts classes, like wrestling in the United States, Pencak Silat in France and Malaysia, teach children self-defense and to feel good about themselves; the physical education curriculum is designed to allow students to experience at least a minimum exposure to the following categories of activities: aquatics, conditioning activities, individual/dual sports, team sports and dance. In these areas, a planned sequence of learning experiences is designed to support a progression of student development; this allows kids through 6th grade to be introduced to sports and teamwork in order to be better prepared for the middle and high school age.
In 1975, the United States House of Representatives voted to require school physical education classes include both genders. Some high school and some middle school PE. New technology in education is playing a big role in classes. One of
Darrell K Royal was an American football player and coach. He served as the head coach at Mississippi State University, the University of Washington, the University of Texas, compiling a career college football record of 184–60–5. In his 20 seasons at Texas, Royal's teams won three national championships, 11 Southwest Conference titles, amassed a record of 167–47–5, he won more games than any other coach in Texas Longhorns football history. Royal coached the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League for one season in 1953, he never had a losing season as a head coach for his entire career. Royal played football at the University of Oklahoma from 1946 to 1949, he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1983. Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium in Austin, where the Longhorns play their home games, was renamed in his honor in 1996. "K" is Royal's given middle name, not an abbreviation. He received it in honor of his mother, who died when he was an infant, she died of cancer, but because of the stigma surrounding the disease at that time, Royal was led to believe until he was an adult that she had died giving birth to him.
In 1942, during World War II, Royal finished Hollis High School. He joined the United States Army Air Corps, where he played football for the 3rd Air Force team during 1945 and was spotted and recruited by scouts for the University of Oklahoma Sooners football program, he played quarterback and defensive back at the University of Oklahoma under his mentor, coach Bud Wilkinson, from 1946 to 1949. While attending Oklahoma, he joined the Delta Upsilon Fraternity. Royal was most noted for his prowess as a defensive back, where his 18 career interceptions and his three interceptions in the 1947 game against Oklahoma A&M are still Sooner records. Royal's part-time contributions as quarterback had a similar impact, despite the fact that he shared time with Jack Mitchell and Claude Arnold at the position, he threw a 43-yard pass against North Carolina in the 1949 Sugar Bowl. Royal holds the fourth-best winning percentage in school history with a 16–1 mark as a part-time quarterback starter, his 11–0 mark as a starter in 1949 ranks as one of the best seasons in school history.
In 1992, Royal was inducted into the Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame. Royal served as an assistant coach at North Carolina State and Mississippi State, he coached the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League, in 1954, he returned to Mississippi State for his first collegiate head coaching job. He spent the 1956 season as head coach at the University of Washington. Royal took over as head coach at the University of Texas in December 1956; the team went from a 1–9 record, their worst record in 1956 to a 6–4–1 mark and a berth in the Sugar Bowl in 1957. Within two years, Royal had the Longhorns in the Cotton Bowl as the number-four team in the country. In Royal's 20 years as head coach, Texas never had a losing season. Royal posted a 167–47–5 career record at Texas, his overall coaching record was 184–60–5. Some of his most memorable games were against the University of Arkansas Razorbacks, fellow College Football Hall of Fame head coach Frank Broyles. With Royal at the helm, Texas won the school's first three undisputed national championships, won or shared 11 Southwest Conference championships, made 16 bowl appearances.
His 1963 and 1969 teams finished the season undefeated and untied—something no Longhorn team would do again until 2005. Royal's teams were known for being run-oriented; the quote, "Three things can happen when you pass, two of them are bad," is attributed to Royal, but Royal himself attributed it to another run-first coach, Woody Hayes. Royal's coaching tactics were the subject of criticism in Gary Shaw's exposé of college football recruiting and coaching practices, Meat on the Hoof, published in 1972, six years after Shaw left the Texas football program. Beginning in 1962, Royal served as Texas's athletic director, he retired from coaching in 1976 and remained director of athletics until 1980. He served as special assistant to the university president on athletic programs. During his tenure, Royal oversaw the integration of African-Americans into the UT athletics program. At that time, while UT began admitting black students in 1956 and opening the athletics program to them in 1963, there were no black student-athletes well into the late 1960s.
In 2005, Royal retrospectively noted. But they weren't changing that around here at the time.". He offered a scholarship to Julius Whittier of San Antonio after the last recipient dropped out due to poor academic performance, Whittier became the first black student-athlete to play for the Texas Longhorns football team. Whittier went on to graduate from the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs in 1976 with a master's degree and works as a chief prosecutor with the Dallas District Attorney's Office. Royal coached Freddie Steinmark, a member of the 1969 Longhorns National Championship team and subsequently died from bone cancer. Steinmark has been the topic of several books and a 2015 movie, My All American where Royal was portrayed by Aaron Eckhart. In 1996, the University honored Royal by renaming Texas Memorial Stadium as Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium. Royal was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1983. Coach Royal was famous for the inspirational Royalisms; these sayings include: "God gives talent, speed.
But a guy can control how hard he tries." "I want to be remembered as a winning coach, but I want to be rememb
San Francisco 49ers
The San Francisco 49ers are a professional American football team located in the San Francisco Bay Area. They compete in the National Football League as a member of the league's National Football Conference West division; the team plays its home games at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, located 45 miles southeast of San Francisco in the heart of Silicon Valley. Since 1988, the 49ers have been headquartered in Santa Clara; the team was founded in 1946 as a charter member of the All-America Football Conference and joined the NFL in 1949 when the leagues merged. The 49ers were the first major league professional sports franchise based in San Francisco; the name "49ers" comes from the prospectors who arrived in Northern California in the 1849 Gold Rush. The team is and corporately registered as the San Francisco Forty Niners; the team began play at Kezar Stadium in San Francisco before moving across town to Candlestick Park in 1970 and to Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara in 2014. The 49ers won five Super Bowl championships between 1981 and 1994, led by Hall of Famers Joe Montana, Jerry Rice, Ronnie Lott, Steve Young, coach Bill Walsh.
As of 2017, the team has won 12 conference championships, with the first in 1981 and the last in 2018. They have been division champions 29 times between 1970 and 2019, making them one of the most successful teams in NFL history; the 49ers have been in the league playoffs 50 times: 49 times in the NFL and one time in the AAFC. The team has set numerous notable NFL records, including most consecutive road games won, most consecutive seasons leading league scoring, most consecutive games scored, most field goals in a season, fewest turn-overs in a season, most touchdowns in a Super Bowl. According to Forbes Magazine, the team is the 4th most-valuable team in the NFL, valued at $3 billion in July 2016. In 2016, the 49ers were ranked the 10th most valuable sports team in the world, behind basketball's Los Angeles Lakers and above soccer's Bayern Munich; the San Francisco 49ers, an original member of the new All-America Football Conference, were the first major league professional sports franchise based in San Francisco, one of the first major league professional sports teams based on the Pacific Coast.
In 1946, the team joined the Los Angeles Rams of the rival National Football League as the first two teams playing a "big four"-sport in the Western United States becoming part of the NFL themselves in 1950. In 1957, the 49ers enjoyed their first sustained success as members of the NFL. After losing the opening game of the season, the 49ers won their next three against the Rams and Packers before returning home to Kezar Stadium for a game against the Chicago Bears on October 27, 1957; the 49ers fell behind the Bears 17–7. Tragically, 49ers owner Tony Morabito died during the game; the 49ers players learned of his death at halftime when coach Frankie Albert was handed a note with two words: "Tony's gone." With tears running down their faces, motivated to win for their departed owner, the 49ers scored 14 unanswered points to win the game, 21–17. Dicky Moegle's late-game interception in the endzone sealed the victory. After Tony's death 49er ownership went to Tony's widow, Josephine V. Morabito; the 49ers special assistant to the Morabitos, Louis G. Spadia was named general manager.
During the decade of the 1950s the 49ers were known for their so-called "Million Dollar Backfield", consisting of four future Hall of Fame members: quarterback Y. A. Tittle and running backs John Henry Johnson, Hugh McElhenny, Joe Perry, they became the only full-house backfield inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. For most of the next 13 years, the 49ers hovered around.490, except for 1963 and 1964 when they went 2–12 and 4–10 respectively. Key players for these 49ers included running back Ken Willard, quarterback John Brodie, offensive lineman Bruce Bosley. During this time the 49ers became the first NFL team to use the shotgun formation, it was named by the man who devised the formation, San Francisco 49ers' coach Red Hickey, in 1960. The formation, where the quarterback lines up seven yards behind the center, was designed to allow the quarterback extra time to throw; the formation was used for the first time in 1960 and enabled the 49ers to beat the Baltimore Colts, who were not familiar with the formation.
In 1961 using the shotgun, the 49ers got off to a fast 4–1 start, including two shutouts in back-to-back weeks. In their sixth game they faced the Chicago Bears, who by moving players closer to the line of scrimmage and rushing the quarterback, were able to defeat the shotgun and in fact shut out the 49ers, 31–0. Though the 49ers went only 3–5–1 the rest of the way, the shotgun became a component of most team's offenses and is a formation used by football teams at all levels. In 1962, the 49ers had a frustrating season, they won only one game at Kezar Stadium. After posting a losing record in 1963. Victor Morabito died May 10, 1964, at age 45; the 1964 season was another lost campaign. According to the 1965 49ers Year Book the co-owners of the team were: Mrs. Josephine V. Morabito Fox, Mrs. Jane Morabito, Mrs. O. H. Heintzelman, Lawrence J. Purcell, Mrs. William O'Grady, Albert J. Ruffo, Franklin Mieuli, Frankie Albert, Louis G. Spadia and James Ginella; the 1965 49ers rebounded nicely to finish with a 7–6–1 record.
They were led that year by John Brodie, who after being plagued by injuries came back to become one of the NFL's best passers by throwing for 3,112 yards and 30 touchdowns. In 1966, the Morabito widows named Lou Sp
The Nebraska Cornhuskers are the intercollegiate athletic teams that represent the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. The university is a member of the Big Ten Conference and the Cornhuskers compete in NCAA Division I, fielding 22 varsity teams in 15 sports. Nineteen of these teams participate the Big Ten, while rifle is a member of the single-sport Great America Rifle Conference and beach volleyball and bowling compete as independents. Early nicknames for the university's athletic teams included the Hawkeyes, the Antelopes, the Old Gold Knights, the Bugeaters, the Mankilling Mastodons. Cornhuskers first appeared in a school newspaper headline, after a 20–18 upset victory over Iowa in 1893. In this instance, Cornhuskers was used to refer to Iowa; the first time the name was applied to Nebraska was in 1899, when Nebraska State Journal writer Cy Sherman, who would help originate the AP Poll, began referring to Nebraska's football team as the Cornhuskers. The next year, the nickname was adopted by the school.
For nearly 100 years, the Cornhuskers participated in the Big Eight Conference, for 15 years in the Big 12 Conference, formed when the Big Eight merged with four members of the defunct Southwest Conference. Nebraska joined the Big Ten in 2011; the Cornhuskers have Herbie Husker and Lil' Red. The Nebraska Cornhuskers field men's and women's cross country teams, both of which have been coached by David Harris since 2012, they run on a course through Pioneer's Park in Lincoln. The men's team was founded in 1938 and the women's team in 1975, to help satisfy Title IX requirements. Men Conference championships: 1940Women Conference championships: 1985, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993 The Husker football team began competitive play in 1890, since has won 46 conference championships and claims five national championships: 1970, 1971, 1994, 1995, 1997; the latter three titles mark one of only three times that a team has won three national championships in a four-year span. The other two instances were Notre Dame in 1946, 1947 and 1949 and Alabama in 2009, 2011 and 2012.
Despite not winning a conference title since 1999, Nebraska has won the most games of any program over the last 50 years. The winningest head coach in school history is Tom Osborne, who led the team for from 1973 to 1997 and, with a record of 255–49–3, has the third-highest winning percentage of any coach at a major school in modern college football history. Osborne coached the Cornhuskers including one in his final season. After Osborne retired following the 1998 Orange Bowl, he selected Frank Solich as his successor. Solich led Nebraska to a conference title in 1999 and a national championship appearance in 2001. Under Solich's guidance, quarterback Eric Crouch won the Heisman Trophy in 2001. However, Solich was fired after going 16-10 in 2002 and 2003. After firing Solich, athletic director Steve Pederson embarked on a 40-day coaching search that culminated in the hire of former Oakland Raiders coach Bill Callahan. Callahan represented a break from school tradition in that he ran a pass-heavy West Coast offense, which starkly contrasted with the run-dominant I-form offense Nebraska had used for the previous 50 years.
In 2004, Callahan led the Huskers to their first sub-.500 season since 1961, after another five-win season in 2007, Callahan and Pederson were both dismissed. On December 2, 2007, newly hired athletic director Tom Osborne named Bo Pelini head coach, although Pelini remained at LSU to coach in the national championship game, a 38-24 victory for the Tigers over Ohio State. Pelini had been the defensive coordinator at Nebraska in 2003 and was the school's interim head coach for the 2003 Alamo Bowl. Pelini compiled a record of 39–16 in his first four years as head coach, including bowl victories in the 2009 Gator Bowl over Clemson and the 2009 Holiday Bowl over Arizona; the latter of these games gave Nebraska its first bowl shutout in school history. Following the 2014 season, athletic director Shawn Eichorst fired Pelini and hired veteran coach Mike Riley from Oregon State; the first year under Riley was a disaster, as Nebraska went 5–7 and only made a bowl game due to strong academic performance and the lack of bowl-eligible teams across the country.
In 2016, the Cornhuskers started 7–0 before an overtime loss to Wisconsin and a blowout loss to Ohio State knocked the team out of major bowl consideration. Nebraska went 4-8 in 2017 in the worst season in school history, Riley and Eichorst were both fired. On December 2, 2017, athletic director Bill Moos hired former Nebraska quarterback Scott Frost as head coach. Nebraska notched its 800th win on October 2006 with a 21 -- 3 victory over Kansas State; the Cornhuskers rank third all-time behind only Michigan and Texas. When the Cornhuskers play at home in Memorial Stadium, the stadium holds more people than the town of Bellevue, the third-largest city in Nebraska; the stadium's attendance record was set on Saturday, September 20, 2014, when 91,585 people watched the Cornhuskers beat Miami. Entering the 2018 season, Memorial Stadium has been sold out for an NCAA-record 361 consecutive games, a streak that dates back to November 3, 1962. Nebraska is 305-56 in those games. Conference championships: 1894, 1895, 1897, 1907, 1910–17, 1921–23, 1928, 1929, 1931–33, 1935–37, 1940, 1963-66, 1969–72, 1975, 1978, 1981–84, 1988, 1991–95, 1997, 1999 Division champions
The Oklahoma Sooners are the athletic teams that represent the University of Oklahoma, located in Norman. The 19 men's and women's varsity teams are called the "Sooners", a reference to a nickname given to the early participants in the Land Run of 1889, which opened the Unassigned Lands in the future state of Oklahoma to non-native settlement; the university's athletic teams compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I in the Big 12 Conference. The university's current athletic director is Joe Castiglione. In 2002, the University of Oklahoma was ranked as the third best college sports program in America by Sports Illustrated; the University of Oklahoma was a charter member of the Southwest Athletic Conference during its formation in 1914. Five years in 1919, OU left the SWC and joined the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association. In 1928, this conference split, OU remained aligned with the teams that formed the Big Six Conference. Over the next 31 years, more schools were added and the conference underwent several name changes, incrementing the number each time up to the Big Eight Conference where it remained until 1996.
Four Texas schools joined with the members of Big Eight to form the current Big 12 Conference. When combined with Blake Griffin's John Wooden Award and Sam Bradford's Heisman Trophy, Oklahoma became the second school to have a top winner in both basketball and football in the same year; the Sooners have been participating in college football since 1895. Calling Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium at Owen Field home, the team has won numerous bowl games, 41 conference championships, seven Associated Press National Championships, making the Sooners football program the most decorated in the Big 12. Oklahoma has scored the most points in Division I-A football history despite the fact they have played over 60 fewer games than the second place school on that list. OU has the highest winning percentage of any team since the start of the AP poll in 1936; the Sooners possess 7 national championships in football, with the 1950, 1955, 1956, 1974, 1975, 1985, 2000 seasons featuring the top team in the Associated Press final poll, the 2000 Bowl Championship Series National Championship as well.
This number is 3rd only to the Notre Dame Fighting Irish and the Alabama Crimson Tide for the most AP titles of any Division I college football team after the end of World War II. In addition to these seven acknowledged national championships there are nine additional years in which the NCAA's official record book recognizes the Sooners as national champions: 1949, 1953, 1957, 1967, 1973, 1978, 1980, 1986, 2003; the University of Oklahoma does not acknowledge these additional "championships", as they were not awarded by the Associated Press, United Press International, USA Today Coaches Poll, or the Bowl Championship Series. Individual success is a major part of Oklahoma football. C. Watts, Keith Jackson and Jammal Brown. More than a dozen Sooner players have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. Oklahoma has more Butkus award winners than any other school. Coaches Bennie Owen, Bud Wilkinson, Barry Switzer have passed through the gameday tunnel for the Sooners, each on his way to the College Football Hall of Fame.
Owen was the first successful coach at OU and was a major advocate of the forward pass, which at the turn of the century was not popular. The playing surface at Oklahoma's Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium is popularly known as Owen Field in honor of his long tenure and devotion to the university. Wilkinson left many imprints on the game, such as the 5-2 defense with five linemen and two linebackers; the record of 47 straight wins is regarded as one of the great achievements in sports, a streak, unlikely to be broken. Switzer won three national championships and forged arguably the fiercest rushing offense the Oklahoma wishbone formation, throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Though the end of Switzer's tenure at Oklahoma was marked by controversy and poor player behavior, he is well regarded by both his past players and Sooner fans. During his 16 years as the Sooners' head coach, Switzer led his team to 12 conference championships and never lost more than two games in a row, his winning percentage of.837 stands as the fourth-highest in the history of 1-A football.
Other Hall of Fame coaches whose tenure included stints at the University of Oklahoma are Lawrence "Biff" Jones and Jim Tatum. The Oklahoma Baseball tradition is long and storied, with two National Championships in 1951 and 1994, along with numerous All-Americans, their home field is L. Dale Mitchell Baseball Park, named after famed player Dale Mitchell; the current coach is Pete Hughes. The baseball program was a