Rio Hondo (California)
The Rio Hondo is a tributary of the Los Angeles River in Los Angeles County, California 16.4 miles long. As a named river, it begins in Irwindale and flows southwest to its confluence in South Gate, passing through several cities. Above Irwindale its main stem is known as Santa Anita Creek, which extends another 10 miles northwards into the San Gabriel Mountains where the source, or headwaters, of the river are found; the Rio Hondo has sometimes been described as a second channel of the San Gabriel River. For much of its length, the rivers flow parallel to each other about two miles apart. Both rivers pass through the Whittier Narrows, a natural gap in the hills which form the southern boundary of the San Gabriel Valley. Here, both rivers are impounded by the Whittier Narrows Dam, which the Army Corps of Engineers describes as, "the central element of the Los Angeles County Drainage Area flood control system". During major storms, the outlet works at Whittier Narrows Dam can direct water to either channel, or runoff can be stored.
The Rio Hondo and San Gabriel River have both been part of a revitalization program called the Emerald Necklace. The goal of this program is to create a "necklace" of parks and reclaimed wild spaces with the two rivers, they are connected by a narrow strip in Irwindale and by Whittier Narrows to give them the appearance of a necklace if viewed from above. The project garnered broad support from organizations such as the Sierra Club along with the governments of the many cities the rivers pass through. Most of the Rio Hondo is a concrete-lined channel to serve its primary flood control function, but in two places the river flows over open ground: the Peck Road Water Conservation Park, the Whittier Narrows Recreation Area. Large spreading grounds for water conservation surround much of the river, its bike paths are popular; the river passes through the location of the Battle of Rio San Gabriel, fought on January 8, 1847, which resulted in a U. S. victory. Although the battle was fought on west bank of the present-day Rio Hondo near where it is crossed by Washington Blvd, the battle is named after the San Gabriel, which at that time flowed along these banks.
A flood in 1867 caused the San Gabriel to change course. The old San Gabriel was renamed the Rio Hondo after this flood. In Downey, the Rio Hondo was once known as the "Old River", because it was the old course of the San Gabriel River; the Old River School was named for it, Old River School Road was named for the school. The "New River" is the present course of the San Gabriel River; the Rio Hondo College and Rio Hondo Preparatory School were named after the river. From mouth to source: Eaton Wash Rio Hondo College LA Bike Paths: the Rio Hondo Bicycle Path Army Corps of Engineers - Whittier Narrows Dam Rio Hondo Preparatory School
Pioneer High School (Whittier, California)
Pioneer High School is a public school in West Whittier-Los Nietos, a census-designated place in unincorporated Los Angeles County, California. Pioneer High School encourages the taking of AP courses in order to challenge and prepare for college. Pioneer High School offers a wide variety of AP courses, which include: AP Biology AP Calculus AB AP Calculus BC AP Chemistry AP English Language and Composition AP English Literature and Composition AP Environmental Science AP French Language AP Human Geography AP Physics C AP Spanish Language AP Spanish Literature AP United States Government and Politics AP United States History AP World History Pioneer High School, home of the Titans, is located in unincorporated community of West Whittier-Los Nietos, neighboring the city of Pico Rivera; the school serves students from the Los Nietos, South Whittier, Whittier City school districts. PHS is one of the 5 comprehensive high schools in the Whittier Union High School District.. The student body at pioneer is 95.7% Hispanic, 2.2% White, less than 1% each Asian, Native American and Pacific Islander.
Cross Country - 1959 Surburban League Champs. 4x400m relay Tony Silva, Pedro Esquivel and Pablo Lopez. 3 consecutive years undefeated in the Del Rio League for the 4x400m relays. Volleyball Wrestling Baseball Basketball Cross Country Football Soccer Tennis Volleyball Water Polo Lauren Tewes. Pioneer High School Titan Tribune, 1959-1960
Santa Fe High School (California)
Santa Fe High School is a public high school located in Santa Fe Springs, California. The school has an enrollment of 3,000 students and was founded in 1954 as a part of the Whittier Union High School District, it serves students in grades 9–12 in the cities of Santa Fe Springs, Norwalk and Whittier. Santa Fe was named a California Distinguished School in 2007. For the 2009-2010 school year, Santa Fe met its Federal AYP. Santa Fe's API Score for the 2010-2011 school year was 803, placing the school within the proficient range starting at 800. Santa Fe high school's mascot is the Chief, the school colors are Black and Gold. Sports offered include wrestling, basketball, track, tennis, water polo, softball, cross-country and golf. Santa Fe High School offers many clubs and sports and activities. One of the many clubs available is FBLA which students from Santa Fe High school have partaken in and placed nationally in business competitions. Another club is Santa Fe's ASB which has won the California Student Activities Best Activities Program award for ten consecutive years.
The Chieftain Tribe marching band participates in marching band competitions, competing against other high schools in California. Smaller subsets of the marching band are the wind ensemble, concert band, jazz band, winter drumline, winter guard; these groups are active during the Winter/Spring semesters after the marching band/football season has ended. Joey Davis - former amateur wrestler and current mixed martial artist for Bellator MMA Joe Gibbs - former head coach of the Washington Redskins Steve Folsom - former NFL tight end for the Dallas Cowboys and Philadelphia Eagles Tammy Jernigan - U. S. astronaut Mark Kotsay - former MLB outfielder who last played for the San Diego Padres Laura Berg - Olympic softball player and Head Coach for the Oregon State University Softball Team Rod Barajas - former MLB catcher who last played for the Pittsburgh Pirates Wayne Rainey - World Champion motorcycle racer Xavier Gutierrez - Upcoming Producer Official Website
Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors
The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors is the five-member governing body of Los Angeles County, United States. The people of Los Angeles County on April 1, 1850 asserted their newly won right of self-government and elected a three-man Court of Sessions as their first governing body. A total of 377 votes were cast in this election. In 1852, the Legislature dissolved the Court of Sessions and created a five-member Board of Supervisors. In 1913 the citizens of Los Angeles County approved a charter recommended by a board of freeholders which gave the County greater freedom to govern itself within the framework of state law; as the population expanded throughout the twentieth century, Los Angeles County did not subdivide into separate counties or increase the number of supervisors as its population soared. As a result, the concentration of local administrative power in each county supervisor is high with the population of the county at ten million residents; each supervisor represents more than two million people.
A local nickname some use for the Board is the "five little kings." Supervisors are elected to four-year terms by a vote of Los Angeles County citizens who reside in the supervisorial district. Supervisors must be voters in the district they represent. Elections for the 1st and 3rd districts coincide with California's gubernatorial elections, while those for the 2nd, 4th and 5th districts coincide with the United States presidential election. Supervisorial terms begin the first Monday in December after the election. Unseating an incumbent supervisor is extraordinarily difficult, due to the prohibitive cost of mounting a successful challenge in districts of such enormous geographical and population size. To curb the powers of the five supervisors, Los Angeles County voters passed Measure B in March 2002 with a majority of 64%, to limit the supervisors to three consecutive four-year terms. If a supervisor fills a vacancy, the unexpired term counts towards the term limit if there are more than two years left to serve.
The provisions of the measure were not retroactive, meaning that the term limit clock for supervisors who were serving at the time the measure passed would start with the next election. Don Knabe, Mike Antonovich, Yvonne Brathwaite Burke could continue to serve until 2016, while Gloria Molina and Zev Yaroslavsky could continue to serve until 2014; the chair of the Board of Supervisors has the option of calling herself mayor. The title has drawn criticism. However, those who support the use of the title say that all five members of the Board of Supervisors act as "mayors" or chief executives for the millions of people who live in unincorporated areas. Only Mike Antonovich used the "mayor" title when chairing the Board to represent and promote Los Angeles County when dealing with international diplomacy and trade. Otherwise, all other chairs have used the title chair, chairman, or chairwoman, depending on their preference; until the chief executive officer was the appointed individual heading the county but had little power as supervisors retained the right to fire and hire department heads and directly admonished department heads in public.
Based on an ordinance authored by Supervisors Knabe and Yaroslavsky that took effect in April 2007, the CEO directly oversees departments on behalf of the supervisors, although the Los Angeles County Fire Department, Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, District Attorney, Auditor-Controller, Executive Office of the Board of Supervisors continue to be under the direct purview of the Board of Supervisors. The change was made in response to several candidates either dropping out or declining to accept the position to replace former Chief Administrative Officer David Janssen. Antonovich was the lone supervisor to oppose the change, stating that such a move would lead to a more autocratic form of government and disenfranchise the 1.3 million who live in unincorporated areas. However, this was rescinded in 2015 and the CEO has returned to a facilitation and coordination role between departments. Departments continue to submit recommendations and agenda items to the Board to be adopted and ratified, the Board directly manages relations with the department heads instead of going through the CEO, as would be the case in a council-manager system prevalent in most of the county's cities.
In 2016, the CEO further recommended, the Board approved, transferring positions considered "transactional" and focusing the CEO on "strategic" initiatives and long-term, structural issues. The Board meets every Tuesday at 9:30 a.m. at the Board Hearing Room at the Kenneth Hahn Hall of Administration in Downtown Los Angeles. On Tuesdays following a Monday holiday, Board meetings begin after lunch, at 1:00 p.m. Board meetings are conducted in accordance with Robert's Rules of Order, the Brown Act, the Rules of the Board; the Chief Executive Officer, the County Counsel and the Executive Officer, or their deputies, attend each Board meeting. The regular agendas for the first, second and fifth Tuesdays of the month are a consent calendar, that is, all items are automatically approved without discussion, unless a Supervisor or member of the public requests discussion of a specific item; the fourth Tuesday of the month is reserved for the purpose of conducting required public hearings, Board of Supervisors motions and department items continued from a previous meeting, have time constraints, or are critical in nature.
Since Board meetings are considered Brown Act bodies, a Board agenda is published 72 hours before the Board meeting is convened
Santa Fe Springs, California
Santa Fe Springs is a city in Los Angeles County, United States. It is one of the Gateway Cities of southeast Los Angeles County; the population was 16,223 at the 2010 census, down from 17,438 at the 2000 census. Santa Fe Springs, Spanish meaning “holy faith,” was first applied to mineral springs purchased by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway from Dr. James E. Fulton in 1886. Santa Fe Springs is located at 33°56′15″N 118°04′02″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.9 square miles. 8.9 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. It is bordered by the unincorporated West Whittier-Los Nietos to the north, Pico Rivera to the northwest, Downey to the west, Norwalk to the southwest, Cerritos to the south, La Mirada and the unincorporated South Whittier to the east, Whittier to the northeast. Junípero Serra had started some missions in this area the San Gabriel mission. By 1806, the natives, now called Gabrielanos than Sejats, provided labor for the mission.
Corporal José Manuel Nieto 65 year old, petitioned Pedro Fages, the Governor, for a little land. In 1789, Fagas received official permission for the grant. Nieto's was one of the largest at 300,000 acres acres, from the Pacific Ocean to the Puente Hills; this became known as the "Rancho La Zanja", to which he moved with his wife Teresa and his son, Juan José. This area soon became a large cattle empire, would be the Santa Fe Springs area. Dr. James E. Fulton came to the area as an agent for the San Gertrudes Land Company in 1871, he found, when drilling a well, a sulfur spring, developed it by 1874 into a health spa with a small hotel in the area around what today would be Heritage Park. It included a windmill to draw water into the pool for bathers. In the beginning he had about 400 patients there annually. In 1886, the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway purchased land from Fulton to run the train line from Los Angeles to San Diego, changing the town since now there was rail transportation. In 1907, the Union Oil Company of California began drilling near the intersection of Norwalk Blvd. and Telegraph Road, locally known as "Four Corners," with the spudding in of the Meyer No. 1 well.
That well, a subsequent one, failed. In 1921 the Union-Bell well blew in as a 2,500-barrel gusher and set off an oil rush by major oil companies and fly-by-night producers. Within a year the Santa Fe Springs oil field was considered one of the richest pools in petroleum history. Santa Fe Springs became a promoters' paradise. Prospective investors were bused into the field, served a free lunch in circus tents, told stories about the fortunes made in oil. In 1923 the state legislature limited the amount of stock. In the 1920s the field produced as much as 345,000 barrels daily, exceeding production at Signal Hill and Huntington Beach. Production slowed as the decade went on, by 1928 the Wilshire Oil Company was drilling in deep sand levels. Production levels dropped each year from on, but by 1938 the field had yielded a total of more than 440,000,000 barrels of oil. Santa Fe Springs is the birthplace of the Shelby Cobra. In 1962 Carroll Shelby set up shop in Dean Moon's speed shop in Santa Fe Springs.
Shelby had AC Cars of Surrey, England ship cars without a drive train to the Santa Fe shop. Shelby shoe-horned a 260-cubic-inch V8 into the tiny, lightweight British roadster and the Cobra was born: a British sports car with American hot rod power. According to DataUSA, the racial makeup of Santa Fe Springs was 79% Hispanic, 10% white, 6% Asian, 2.4% Black. The 2010 United States Census reported that Santa Fe Springs had a population of 16,223; the population density was 1,819.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Santa Fe Springs was White, African American, 233 Native American, 677 Asian, from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,137 persons; the Census reported that 16,030 people lived in households, 85 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 108 were institutionalized. There were 4,747 households, out of which 2,093 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,354 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 965 had a female householder with no husband present, 368 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 286 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 26 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 894 households were made up of individuals and 526 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.38. There were 3,687 families; the population was spread out with 4,286 people under the age of 18, 1,770 people aged 18 to 24, 4,272 people aged 25 to 44, 3,735 people aged 45 to 64, 2,160 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males. There were 4,976 housing units at an average density of 558.2 per square mile, of which 2,894 were owner-occupied, 1,853 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%. 10,323 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 5,707 people lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 United States Census, Santa Fe Springs had a median household income of $54,081, with 9.1% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000
Cerro Coso Community College
Cerro Coso Community College is a community college in the Eastern Sierra region of Southern California. It was established in 1973 as a separate college within the Kern Community College District; the college offers two-year degrees. The college serves an area of 18,000-square-miles. Cerro Coso has five instructional sites: Eastern Sierra Center Bishop & Mammoth, Indian Wells Valley, Kern River Valley, South Kern; the college has an Incarcerated Student Education Program in two locations, the California City Correctional Facility and Tehachapi California Correctional Institution. Indian Wells Valley: 3000 College Heights Blvd. Ridgecrest, CA 93555The 420-acre Indian Wells Valley Campus is located in the upper Mojave Desert near Ridgecrest, California, 160 miles northeast of Los Angeles; the IWV Campus is the largest of the Cerro Coso campuses. It serves a population of about 28,000; the College serves the communities of Ridgecrest, China Lake and Trona. This center provides educational services to civilian personnel on the base.
The Indian Wells Valley Campus has the following club Kern River Valley: 5520 Lake Isabella Blvd. Lake Isabella, CA 93240 The 150-acre Kern River Valley Campus is located in the Kern River Valley, within the town of Lake Isabella, California; the Kern River Valley Campus serves the communities of Lake Isabella, Wofford Heights, Weldon. It serves a population of about 5,000. East Kern: 140 Methusa Ave. Bldg. 2453 - Edwards AFB, CA 93524 The 50-acre East Kern Campus is located at Edwards Air Force Base. The Campus serves a population of about 1,000; the College serves the communities of Edwards Air Force Base, Mojave and California City as well as a number of other locations in San Bernardino and Kern counties. Bishop: 4090 W Line St. Bishop, CA 93514 Mammoth: 101 College Parkway Mammoth Lakes, CA 93546The Eastern Sierra Campus serves Bishop, Mammoth Lakes, Big Pine, Lone Pine, Death Valley; the Campus is one of the newest college centers, is a full service campus offering the opportunity to advance education by taking classes for transfer, fulfillment of career, technical education or for personal fulfillment.
ESCC- Mammoth Campus offers on-campus housing at South Gateway Student Apartments and operated by Mammoth Lakes Foundation. Official website
The roadrunners known as chaparral birds or chaparral cocks, are two species of fast-running ground cuckoos with long tails and crests. They are found in the southwestern United States and Mexico in the desert; some have been clocked at 20 miles per hour. The subfamily Neomorphinae, the New World ground cuckoos, includes 11 species of birds, while the genus Geococcyx has just two, The roadrunner ranges in size from 22 to 24 in from tail to beak; the average weight is about 8–15 oz. The roadrunner is a large, black-brown and white-streaked ground bird with a distinctive head crest, it has long legs, strong feet, an oversized dark bill. The tail is broad with white tips on the three outer tail feathers; the bird has a bare patch of skin behind each eye. The lesser roadrunner is smaller, not as streaky, has a smaller bill. Both the lesser roadrunner and the greater roadrunner leave behind distinct "X" track marks appearing as if they are travelling in both directions. Roadrunners and other members of the cuckoo family have zygodactyl feet.
The roadrunner can run at speeds of up to 20 miles per hour and prefer sprinting to flying, though it will fly to escape predators. During flight, the short, rounded wings reveal a white crescent in the primary feathers; the roadrunner has a slow and descending dove-like "coo". It makes a rapid, vocalized clattering sound with its beak. Roadrunners inhabit the deserts of the southwestern United States and Central America, they live in arid lowland or mountainous shrubland dispersed in dry open country with scattered brush. They are non-migratory; the greater roadrunner is not considered threatened in the US, but is habitat-limited. The roadrunner is an opportunistic omnivore, its diet consists of insects, small reptiles and other small mammals, scorpions, snails, small birds and fruits and seeds like those from prickly pear cactuses and sumacs. The lesser roadrunner eats insects; the roadrunner forages on the ground and, when hunting runs after prey from under cover. It may leap to catch insects, batters certain prey against the ground.
Because of its quickness, the roadrunner is one of the few animals. The roadrunner lives alone or in pairs. Breeding pairs are monogamous and mate for life, pairs may hold a territory all year. During the courtship display, the male bows, alternately lifting and dropping his wings and spreading his tail, he parades in front of the female with his head high and his tail and wings drooped, may bring an offering of food. The reproductive season is spring to mid-summer; the roadrunner's nest is composed of sticks, may sometimes contain leaves, snakeskins, or dung. It is placed 1–3 meters above ground level in a low tree, bush, or cactus. Roadrunner eggs are white; the greater roadrunner lays 2–6 eggs per clutch, but the lesser roadrunner's clutches are smaller. Hatching is asynchronous. Both sexes feed the hatchlings. For the first one to two weeks after the young hatch, one parent remains at the nest; the young leave the nest at two to three weeks old, foraging with parents for a few days after. During the cold desert night, the roadrunner lowers its body temperature going into a slight torpor to conserve energy.
To warm itself during the day, the roadrunner exposes dark patches of skin on its back to the sun. The Hopi and other Pueblo tribes believed that roadrunners were medicine birds and could protect against evil spirits, their unusual X-shaped footprints are used as sacred symbols to ward off evil in many Pueblo tribes—partially because they invoke the protective power of the roadrunners themselves, because the X shape of the tracks conceals which direction the bird is headed Stylized roadrunner tracks have been found in the rock art of ancestral Southwestern tribes like the Anasazi and Mogollon cultures, as well. Roadrunner feathers were traditionally used to decorate Pueblo cradleboards as spiritual protection for the baby. In Mexican Indian and American Indian tribes, such as the Pima, it is considered good luck to see a roadrunner. In some Mexican tribes, the bird was considered sacred and never killed, but most Mexican Indians used the meat of the roadrunner as a folk remedy to cure illness or to boost stamina and strength.
The word for roadrunner in O'odham language is Taḏai and is the name of a transit center in Tucson, Arizona Alsop III, Fred J.. Birds of North America. New York: DK. ISBN 0-7894-8001-8. Del Hoyo, Josep. Sandgrouse to cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Ed. ISBN 84-87334-22-9. Harrison, George. "Comical Cuckoo". Birder's World. 19: 56–58. Hutchins, Michael, ed.. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. Detroit: Gale. ISBN 0-7876-5785-9. Meinzer, Wyman. "Beep! Beep! Better pull over, folks – it's the roadrunner". Smithsonian. 23: 58. Perrins, Christopher M. ed.. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Birds: The Definitive Reference to Birds of The World. New York: Prentice Hall Editions. ISBN 0-13-083635-4. National Geographic Society. Field Guide to the