Tharunka is a student magazine published at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. Established in 1953 at the New South Wales University of Technology, Tharunka has been published in a variety of forms by various student organisations. At present, Tharunka is published 8 times a year by Arc @ UNSW Limited; the name Tharunka means "message stick" in a Central Australian Aboriginal language. The first issue of Tharunka was published in March 1953 by the Students' Union, with Sid Dunk and Harold Spies as editors; until 1980, Tharunka was a weekly newspaper, switching to a fortnightly magazine format from 1981. In 2004 and 2005, Tharunka returned to a tabloid newspaper format. In 2006, Tharunka returned to the fortnightly magazine format. Since 2013, the newspaper has been published in a tabloid newspaper format. Tharunka was published by the UNSW Students Union from 1953 until 1992, when that body was replaced by the University of New South Wales Student Guild; the Guild published Tharunka from 1993 until 2006.
A new student organisation, Arc @ UNSW Limited, took over publication of Tharunka from 2007, with Tharunka now published by a student team under the steerage of its Marketing Department. Tharunka is managed by a wider group of volunteers. Including staff wages, the publication's budget is under $40,000 per year; the content of Tharunka varies year to year in line with the priorities of student politicians, the editors and the wider contributor base. Tharunka's at times irreverent approach has seen copies seized by police, destroyed by political opponents and censored by the student organisation, it is traditional for a parody edition of Tharunka to be released as part of the university's annual Foundation Day celebrations. News satire is a regular feature of the publication; as the journal of a political organisation, Tharunka's editorial direction was influenced by the dominant faction within the student body at the time. Where the editors distanced themselves from the agenda of student representatives, conflict was the result.
A plan by editor Michael Shane to devote an issue to coverage of issues facing men was met with fierce resistance by the Student Guild's governing council in 2000. Rules were enacted to give the Guild Women's Department a right of veto over content. With the end of the Guild and Union, founding of Arc, Tharunka is now under the auspices of Arc's Marketing Department, rather than a political organisation. However, editorial remains edgy with Issue 1 of 2010 containing the word'fuck' on its front cover. In November 2004, the Guild was attacked by Daily Telegraph columnist Michael Duffy for attempting to prevent the expression of support for voluntary student unionism at UNSW. "Student politics is still notoriously corrupt and secretive", Duffy wrote, reporting that "the editors of the student union magazine Tharunka, have been told by the Guild Council... not to publish articles in support of voluntary unionism."In October 2010 the Arc withheld the final edition of Tharunka for the year though 2000 copies had been printed.
The edition had included an article on the subject of BDSM sexual practices, which the CEO of Arc refused to publish. The editors complied by withdrawing the offending article, but printed in its place a mocking note making fun of censorship; as a result, the magazine was refused distribution. Social commentator and writer Richard Neville was features editor of Tharunka in the early 1960s. Artists Peter Kingston and Martin Sharp had cartoons published in Tharunka before going on to contribute to Oz magazine. Academic and investigative journalist Wendy Bacon was elected as an editor of Tharunka in 1970. Artist and political cartoonist Jenny Coopes contributed cartoons to Tharunka in the 1960s. Writer Frank Moorhouse edited a Tharunka literary supplement in 1970. Contributors included Thomas Keneally, Judith Wright, A. D. Hope, Robert Adamson, Frank Hardy, Michael Wilding, Alex Buzo and Thomas Shapcott. Tharunka is one of a number of periodicals. Blitz is a fortnightly, 24 page full-colour campus events guide that evolved from newsletters circulated by the University of New South Wales Union in the 1970s.
The name "Blitz" was adopted in mid-1988. In mid-1994, the Union introduced more editorial material to Blitz, hiring former Tharunka editor Alf Conlon to expand the range of content. In 2010, Blitz remains a "What's On" guide with content steered towards providing coverage to on-campus news and events, as a conduit of communication for the Student Representative Council. Blitz and Tharunka are now both published by Arc. Students at the university's College of Fine Arts produced regular zines under the titles Xerox Positive, since 2005, Zing Tycoon with'COFAtopia' now launched, which retains the A5 format, "zine" feel. Tharunka contributors were instrumental in the establishment of The Student Leader in 2004; the paper has been digitised as part of the Australian Newspapers Digitisation Program project of the National Library of Australia. Tharunka website Tharunka at Trove Interview with Wendy Bacon, vol. 46 Past issues of Tharunka are available for access at UNSW Archives
National Library of Australia
The National Library of Australia is the largest reference library in Australia, responsible under the terms of the National Library Act for "maintaining and developing a national collection of library material, including a comprehensive collection of library material relating to Australia and the Australian people." In 2012–13, the National Library collection comprised 6,496,772 items, an additional 15,506 metres of manuscript material. It is located in Parkes, Canberra, ACT; the National Library of Australia, while formally established by the passage of the National Library Act 1960, had been functioning as a national library rather than a Parliamentary Library since its inception. In 1901, a Commonwealth Parliamentary Library was established to serve the newly formed Federal Parliament of Australia. From its inception the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library was driven to development of a national collection. In 1907 the Joint Parliamentary Library Committee under the Chairmanship of the Speaker, Sir Frederick William Holder defined the objective of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library in the following words: The Library Committee is keeping before it the ideal of building up, for the time when Parliament shall be established in the Federal Capital, a great Public Library on the lines of the world-famed Library of Congress at Washington.
The present library building was opened on 15 August 1968 by Prime Minister John Gorton. The building was designed by the architectural firm of Bunning and Madden in the Late Twentieth Century Stripped Classical style; the foyer is decorated in marble, with stained-glass windows by Leonard French and three tapestries by Mathieu Matégot. The building was listed on the Australian Commonwealth Heritage List on 22 June 2004. In 2012–13 the Library collection comprised 6,496,772 items, with an estimated additional 2,325,900 items held in the manuscripts collection; the Library's collections of Australiana have developed into the nation's single most important resource of materials recording the Australian cultural heritage. Australian writers and illustrators are sought and well represented—whether published in Australia or overseas; the Library's collection includes all formats of material, from books, journals and manuscripts to pictures, maps, oral history recordings, manuscript papers and ephemera.
92.1% of the Library's collection has been catalogued and is discoverable through the online catalogue. The Library has digitized over 174,000 items from its collection and, where possible, delivers these directly across the Internet; the Library is a world leader in digital preservation techniques, maintains an Internet-accessible archive of selected Australian websites called the Pandora Archive. The Library collects material produced by Australians, for Australians or about the Australian experience in all formats—not just printed works—books, newspapers, posters and printed ephemera—but online publications and unpublished material such as manuscripts and oral histories. A core Australiana collection is that of John A. Ferguson; the Library has particular collection strengths in the performing arts, including dance. The Library's considerable collections of general overseas and rare book materials, as well as world-class Asian and Pacific collections which augment the Australiana collections.
The print collections are further supported by extensive microform holdings. The Library maintains the National Reserve Braille Collection; the Library houses the largest and most developing research resource on Asia in Australia, the largest Asian language collections in the Southern hemisphere, with over half a million volumes in the collection, as well as extensive online and electronic resources. The Library collects resources about all Asian countries in Western languages extensively, resources in the following Asian languages: Burmese, Persian, Japanese, Korean, Manchu, Thai and Vietnamese; the Library has acquired a number of important Western and Asian language scholarly collections from researchers and bibliophiles. These collections include: Australian Buddhist Library Collection Braga Collection Claasz Collection Coedes Collection London Missionary Society Collection Luce Collection McLaren-Human Collection Otley Beyer Collection Sakakibara Collection Sang Ye Collection Simon Collection Harold S. Williams Collection The Asian Collections are searchable via the National Library's catalogue.
The National Library holds an extensive collection of manuscripts. The manuscript collection contains about 26 million separate items, covering in excess of 10,492 meters of shelf space; the collection relates predominantly to Australia, but there are important holdings relating to Papua New Guinea, New Zealand and the Pacific. The collection holds a number of European and Asian manuscript collections or single items have been received as part of formed book collections; the Australian manuscript collections date from the period of maritime exploration and settlement in the 18th century until the present, with the greatest area of strength dating from the 1890s onwards. The collection includes a large number of outstanding single items, such as the 14th century Chertsey Cartulary, the journal of James Cook on the HM Bark Endeavour, inscribed on t
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. Three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim—created the service in February 2005. Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion. YouTube allows users to upload, rate, add to playlists, comment on videos, subscribe to other users, it offers a wide variety of corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, other content such as video blogging, short original videos, educational videos. Most of the content on YouTube is uploaded by individuals, but media corporations including CBS, the BBC, Hulu offer some of their material via YouTube as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can only watch videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos and add comments to videos. Videos deemed inappropriate are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old.
YouTube and its creators earn advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program which targets ads according to site content and audience. The vast majority of its videos are free to view, but there are exceptions, including subscription-based premium channels, film rentals, as well as YouTube Music and YouTube Premium, subscription services offering premium and ad-free music streaming, ad-free access to all content, including exclusive content commissioned from notable personalities; as of February 2017, there were more than 400 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute, one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. As of August 2018, the website is ranked as the second-most popular site in the world, according to Alexa Internet. YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations, including its handling of copyrighted content contained within uploaded videos, its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods, hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent and/or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters, videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections, fluctuating policies on the types of content, eligible to be monetized with advertising.
YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal. Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. According to a story, repeated in the media and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos, shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen commented that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story, digestible". Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from Janet Jackson's role in the 2004 Super Bowl incident, when her breast was exposed during her performance, from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Karim could not find video clips of either event online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.
Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, had been influenced by the website Hot or Not. Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video. YouTube began as a venture capital-funded technology startup from an $11.5 million investment by Sequoia Capital and an $8 million investment from Artis Capital Management between November 2005 and April 2006. YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California; the domain name www.youtube.com was activated on February 14, 2005, the website was developed over the subsequent months. The first YouTube video, titled Me at the zoo, shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo; the video was uploaded on April 23, 2005, can still be viewed on the site. YouTube offered the public a beta test of the site in May 2005; the first video to reach one million views was a Nike advertisement featuring Ronaldinho in November 2005.
Following a $3.5 million investment from Sequoia Capital in November, the site launched on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day. The site grew and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day. According to data published by market research company comScore, YouTube is the dominant provider of online video in the United States, with a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos in May 2010. In May 2011, 48 hours of new videos were uploaded to the site every minute, which increased to 60 hours every minute in January 2012, 100 hours every minute in May 2013, 300 hours every minute in November 2014, 400 hours every minute in February 2017; as of January 2012, the site had 800 million unique users a month. It is estimated that in 2007 YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000. According to third-party web analytics providers and SimilarWeb, YouTube is the second-most visited website in the world, as of December 2016.
Divinyls were an Australian rock band, formed in Sydney in 1980. The band consisted of vocalist Chrissy Amphlett and guitarist Mark McEntee. Amphlett garnered widespread attention for performing on stage in a school uniform and fishnet stockings, used an illuminated neon tube as a prop for displaying aggression towards both band members and the audience. A five-piece, the band underwent numerous line-up changes, with Amphlett and McEntee remaining as core members, before its dissolution in 1996. In May 2001, the Australasian Performing Right Association, as part of its 75th-anniversary celebrations, named "Science Fiction" as one of the Top 30 Australian songs of all time; the band was inducted into the Australian Recording Industry Association Hall of Fame in 2006 and in late 2007 Amphlett and McEntee reconvened to record a new single and begin working on a new album. The band played a short series of live gigs in Australia in late 2007 and early 2008. In December 2018, McEntee announced he would be reforming the Divinyls for an Australian tour in early 2019, with Lauren Ruth Ward replacing Amphlett.
On 6 February 2019, the tour was cancelled. Divinyls released five studio albums—four placed in the Top 10 Australian chart, while one reached No. 15 in the United States and No. 33 for 3 weeks in Canada. Their biggest-selling single "I Touch Myself" achieved a No. 1 ranking in Australia, No. 4 in the US, No. 10 in the United Kingdom, No. 13 in Canada. Amphlett was the cousin of 1960s Australian pop icon Patricia "Little Pattie" Amphlett, married to Keith Jacobsen—younger brother of pioneer rocker Col Joye and leading promoter Kevin Jacobsen. In her autobiography Pleasure and Pain, Amphlett described breaking into the music scene from the age of fourteen, being arrested for busking when seventeen and travelling in Spain, how her performances drew upon childhood pain. Amphlett and guitarist Mark McEntee were introduced by Jeremy Paul in the car park of a small music venue in Collaroy, after Amphlett and Paul had finished a gig with their band, Batonrouge. Amphlett and McEntee met again at the Sydney Opera House where Amphlett and Paul were singing in a choral concert in 1980.
They recruited keyboardist Bjarne Ohlin in 1980 and drummer Richard Harvey in 1981 and for two years they performed in pubs and clubs in Sydney's Kings Cross. During this time, Paul negotiated publishing and recording agreements that led to the band signing with WEA. Australian film director Ken Cameron saw Divinyls performing in a club; this led to them providing the soundtrack for his 1982 film Monkey Grip and gave Amphlett, Paul and McEntee supporting roles in the movie. The group released two singles from the soundtrack, Music from Monkey Grip EP, "Boys in Town", which reached No. 8 on the national singles chart, "Only Lonely". The band was the opening act at the 1983 US Festival. After the band's initial success, original manager and bassist Jeremy Paul left, he was replaced on bass by Ken Firth and more permanently by Rick Grossman. Grossman left in 1987 to replace Clyde Bramley in Hoodoo Gurus. By early 1988, Divinyls consisted of Amphlett and McEntee with augmentation by additional musicians when recording or touring.
Over the decade Divinyls released four albums, Music from Monkey Grip EP on WEA in 1982, Desperate on Chrysalis Records in 1983, What a Life! in 1985 and Temperamental in 1988. The latter two albums were released by Chrysalis in the US, they had hit singles in Australia with, "Science Fiction" No. 13 in 1983, "Good Die Young" No. 32 in 1984 and "Pleasure and Pain", written by Holly Knight and Mike Chapman and went No. 1 in 1985. Their manager Vince Lovegrove organised Divinyls' transfer from WEA to Chrysalis and their first tours of United States, they established a fan base there, without achieving major commercial success. Divinyls had Australian hits with cover versions of The Easybeats' "I'll Make You Happy", Syndicate of Sound's "Hey Little Boy" which reached No. 25 in 1988. Amphlett became a controversial and visible celebrity for her brash, overtly sexual persona and subversive humour in lyrics and media interviews. At the start of their popularity, Divinyls were considered to be a hard rock band.
At some point many fans referred to Amphlett as the female Angus Young, as both had similar mannerisms on stage and wore black-and-white school uniforms while performing in the early 1980s. The band's image changed after the release of the What A Life! Album when the band began wearing elaborate clothing and producing more songs in the pop music genre. By the time of the release of their Temperamental album, Divinyls' image had changed to a glamour fashion style where they produced modern pop music. In 1991 Divinyls released diVINYLS on Virgin Records and the single "I Touch Myself" which became their only Australian No.1 single. The song reached No. 4 in the US and No. 10 in the UK. The majority of Divinyls' hits were co-written by Amphlett and McEntee, but in this case they wrote with Tom Kelly and Billy Steinberg. DiVINYLS reached No. 5 on the Australian album charts and No. 15 on Billboard Top 200. The drummer for the diVINYLS sessions was Charley Drayton, who became romantically involved with Amphlett: they married in July 1999, from 2000, lived together in New York.
A disagreement with Virgin Records stifled future development outside Australia where they released popular albums and achieved two more top twenty singles with "I Ain't Gonna Eat Out My Heart Anymore" No. 19 in 1992 and "I'm Jealous" No. 14 in 1995. During the 1980s and 1990
Leftovers are the uneaten edible remains of a meal after everyone has finished eating. Food scraps that are not directly edible are not regarded as leftovers, but rather as waste material; some only use "leftovers" to refer to extra food that constitutes a meal by itself, not just portions of the original. The ultimate use of leftovers depends on where the meal was eaten, preferences of the diner, the prevailing social culture. People save home cooking leftovers to eat later; this is facilitated by the private environment and convenience of airtight containers and refrigeration. People may eat some leftover food cold from the refrigerator, or reheated it in a microwave or conventional oven, or mix it with additional ingredients and recooked to make a new dish; the word "ort", meaning a small scrap of food left after a meal is completed, is not heard in conversation, but is encountered in crossword puzzles. New dishes made from leftovers are common in world cuisine. People invented many such dishes.
Besides capturing nutrition from otherwise inedible bones and broths provide a base for leftover scraps too small to be a meal themselves. Casseroles, fried rice, Shepherd pies, pizza can be used for this purpose, may have been invented as a means of reusing leftovers. Among American university students, leftover pizza itself has acquired particular in-group significance, to the extent that the USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service offers, as its first tip under "Food Safety Tips for College Students" by Louisa Graham, a discussion of the considerable risks of eating unrefrigerated pizza. At some holiday meals, such as Christmas and Thanksgiving in the United States, it is customary to prepare much more food than necessary so the host can send leftovers home with guests. Cold turkey is archetypal in the United States as a Thanksgiving leftover, with turkey meat reappearing in sandwiches and casseroles for several days after the feast. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Chinese cuisine gained a foothold in the United States with the opening of several chop suey restaurants.
There is no set history of how American diners became enamored of "chop suey"—which means "assorted pieces" or "miscellaneous leftovers"—although it is unlikely that actual leftovers were served at any chop suey restaurants. Diners in a restaurant may leave uneaten food for the restaurant to discard, or take it away for consumption. To take the food away, the diner might ask a server to package it; such a container is colloquially called a doggy doggie bag. This most derives from the euphemistic pretense that the diner plans to give the food to a pet, rather than eat it; some speculate the name was born during World War II when food shortages encouraged people to limit waste, pet food was scarce. However, it may derive from the East Anglian term docky; the term doggy bag was popularized in the 1970s etiquette columns of many newspapers. Doggy bags are most common in restaurants that offer a take-out food service as well as sit-down meals, their prevalence as an accepted social custom varies by location.
In some countries in continental Europe, some people would frown upon a diner asking for a doggy bag. Foam food container Oyster pail Food waste Pagpag Tirit Bibimbap
The Angels (Australian band)
The Angels are an Australian rock band which formed in Taperoo, a small beach side suburb in Adelaide in 1974 as The Keystone Angels by John Brewster on rhythm guitar and vocals, his brother Rick Brewster on lead guitar and vocals, Bernard "Doc" Neeson on lead vocals and guitar. They were joined by Graham "Buzz" Bidstrup on drums and vocals, Chris Bailey on bass guitar and vocals. In 1981 Bidstrup was replaced on drums by Brent Eccles, their studio albums on the Kent Music Report Albums Chart top 10 are No Exit, Dark Room, Night Attack, Two Minute Warning and Beyond Salvation. Their top 20 singles are "No Secrets", "Into the Heat", "We Gotta Get out of This Place", "Am I Ever Gonna See Your Face Again", "Let the Night Roll On" and "Dogs Are Talking". In the international market, to avoid legal problems with named acts, their records have been released under the names, Angel City and The Angels from Angel City; the Angels have been cited by Guns N' Roses, Seattle grunge bands Pearl Jam and Nirvana, as having influenced their music.
Neeson left the group in 1999 due to spinal injuries sustained in a car accident and they disbanded in the following year. Subsequently, competing versions of the group performed using the Angels name, until April 2008 when the original 1970s line-up reformed for a series of tours until 2011, when Neeson left again. Alternative versions continued with new members; the Angels were inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame in October 1998 with the line-up of Bailey and Rick Brewster and Neeson. Australian musicologist, Ian McFarlane, declared that "The Angels had a profound effect on the Australian live music scene of the late 1970s/early 1980s. Helped redefine the Australian pub rock tradition... brand of no-frills, hard-driving boogie rock attracted pub goers in unprecedented numbers. In turn, The Angels' shows raised the standard expected of live music. After 20 years on the road, the band showed little sign of easing up on the hard rock fever." Chris Bailey died on 4 April 2013, aged 62, after being diagnosed with throat cancer.
Doc Neeson died on 4 June 2014, aged 67, of a brain tumour. In November 1970 future member of the Angels, John Brewster on guitar, harp, backing vocals and washboard, his brother Rick on violin, jug, backing vocals and percussion formed the Moonshine Jug and String Band, an acoustic ensemble, in Adelaide. Fellow members were Craig Holden on guitar, Bob Petchell on banjo and harp, Pete Thorpe on tea chest bass, bass guitar, wash tub and backing vocals. In 1971 they were joined by Belfast-born immigrant, Bernard "Doc" Neeson, on guitar and lead vocals, an arts student and former Army sergeant, who performed locally as Doc Talbot; the folk band gigged at local university cafes. Holden left in 1972. In 1973 Spencer Tregloan joined Moonshine Jug and String Band on banjo, jug and backing vocals, they released their debut four-track extended play, Keep You on the Move, which made the top 5 in Adelaide. It contained a cover version of Canned Heat's "On the Road Again" and three original tracks: one written by John, one by John and Rick, one by Neeson.
It was followed in 1974 by a single, "That's All Right with Me". Both releases were on the Sphere Organisation label owned by John Woodruff, who became the Angels' talent manager for two decades. In 2015 the group were inducted into the Adelaide Music Collective Hall of Fame. In mid-1974 Moonshine Jug and String Band changed their name to the Keystone Angels, with the line up of John Brewster on lead vocals and bass guitar, Rick on guitar, Neeson on bass guitar and vocals, Peter Christopolous on drums and Laurie Lever on keyboards, they began playing 1950s rock and roll on the pub circuit. Rick recalled "There was a cult following with The Jug Band but if we wanted any real success we had to start an electric band. So we threw ourselves in the deep end. I went from playing washboard to playing lead guitar. I hadn't played an electric guitar before then!"During July and August 1974 they ran a series of ads in Go-Set, the national teen pop music magazine, announcing that "The Keystone Angles are coming".
Lever left during that year. In January 1975 the remaining members performed, as a four-piece, at the Sunbury Pop Festival they supported AC/DC during a South Australian tour, that year they were the backing band for Chuck Berry; the Keystone Angels issued a sole single, "Keep on Dancin'", on Sphere during that year. In 1976 the Angels signed a recording deal with the Albert Productions label, upon the recommendation of Bon Scott and Malcolm Young; the group dropped "Keystone" from their name and became the Angels, relocated to Sydney with the line-up of Neeson on lead vocals and bass guitar, King on drums, Rick on lead guitar and John Brewster on lead vocals and rhythm guitar. According to Ian McFarlane, an Australian musicologist, the group "had toughened its sound into a unique brand of beefy hard rock."The Angels' first single, "Am I Ever Gonna See Your Face Again", was released in April 1976, produced by Vanda & Young. It was co-written by the Neeson, they made their TV debut on Countdown.
In August King was replaced by Graham "Buzz Throckman" Bidstrup on drums. In January 1977 Chris Bailey joined on bass guitar, which allowed Neeson to concentrate on lead vocals. Bailey had been a member of Mount Lofty Rangers, with Bon Scott
Ricky Fataar is a South African multi-instrumentalist of Cape Malay descent, who has performed as both a drummer and a guitarist. He gained fame as an actor in The Rutles: All You Need Is Cash, a spoof on the actual history of The Beatles in which he performed as a member of The Rutles, he is known for his stint as a member of The Beach Boys between 1971 and 1974. Fataar may be recognized for his contributions as a record producer, has worked on projects scoring music to film and television. Fataar's first childhood band was The Flames, a band from his birthplace of Durban, South Africa that began in 1963, he joined the band at the age of nine. The band made several recordings as well as touring all over Southern Africa and before long they became quite popular in South Africa. By the time he was twelve years old he had won the honour of being voted as the "Best Rock Drummer in South Africa."In 1968 the band moved to London and began touring in the United Kingdom. On one of their tours, they were spotted by a founding member of Carl Wilson.
He was impressed by their talent and offered to sign them to the Beach Boys new record label, Brother Records. The band moved to Los Angeles, United States, they recorded and released their 1970 album The Flame with Carl Wilson producing the album; the Flames disbanded in late 1970, Fataar and his former Flame bandmate Blondie Chaplin were recruited by The Beach Boys, in March 1972. Fataar was asked to play drums for the band after drummer Dennis Wilson suffered a debilitating hand accident; the duo recorded two albums with the Beach Boys, began touring with them in 1971. The 1972 Beach Boys album Carl and the Passions – "So Tough" featured musical and vocal contributions from Chaplin and Fataar, it included two songs written by the duo, "Here She Comes" and "Hold On Dear Brother". On the band's next album, released a year both musicians recorded, provided backing vocals, including the hit single "Sail On, Sailor", on which Chaplin sang as lead vocalist, they additionally collaborated with Carl Wilson and Mike Love on the song "Leaving This Town".
1973 saw the first live album upon which Fataar performed. It featured a live version of the unreleased Chaplin/Fataar/Love collaboration "We Got Love", intended to be released on the Holland album, but was removed from the running order to make way for single "Sail On, Sailor". Both Fataar and Chaplin would depart the band, with Fataar only appearing on the tracks "It's OK" and "That Same Song" off the Beach Boys' next studio album, 1976's 15 Big Ones. Fataar is credited as having played on the 1980 album Keepin' the Summer Alive. In March of 2019, Big Noise's Al Gomes and Connie Watrous presented a plaque from Roger Williams University to Fataar in Providence, RI at a sold-out Bonnie Raitt / James Taylor concert; the plaque commemorates The Beach Boys' September 22, 1971 concert at The Ramada Inn in Portsmouth, RI, now Roger Williams University's Baypoint Inn & Conference Center. The concert was a significant historic event in The Beach Boys' career – it was the first time Fataar played on-stage as a new member of The Beach Boys, which led to Chaplin joining the band, changed The Beach Boys' live and recording act's line-up into a multi-cultural group.
In 1978, Fataar starred in All You Need Is Cash, a mockumentary film known more as The Rutles, a spoof on the real life history of The Beatles, which had a follow up to a Saturday Night Live television sketch. His character was the band's guitarist, he speaks no dialogue in the film, indeed he is sent up as "the quiet one" in it. Fataar's wife, Penelope Tree appeared in All You Need Is Cash, as Stig's wife, Penelope. Fataar is less than quiet on the two albums produced by The Rutles: The Rutles and Archeology which featured him playing guitar, sitar and singing, he would go on to record a single with Eric Idle as'Dirk & Stig' titled, "Mr. Sheene" / "Ging Gang Goolie". Fataar has combined his talents as an actor and a musician, developing musical scores for both film and television. An example includes the composition of the score for an Australian film Spotswood. Working in his capacity as producer, Fataar has produced the music for various films that include High Tide, Les Patterson Saves the World, The Coca-Cola Kid, in which he makes a cameo appearance as an actor as well.
Fataar has worked as a session musician, notably for Ian McLagan as well as other artists, as a drummer. Fataar emigrated to Australia in 1978 where he recorded with and co-produced albums for Tim Finn, played the drums on the Split Enz song "Message To My Girl", worked with Crowded House, Jenny Morris, Peter Blakeley, Wendy Matthews as well as various other artists. In 1979 Fataar was introduced to Bonnie Raitt, recorded on her Green Light album. In 1990, he joined up with Raitt, has been a member of Raitt's band. Fataar continued to work in between other projects as a sideman for many artists on Peter Cetera's first album as a drummer. Ricky Fataar was married to the fashion model Penelope Tree with whom he had one child, Paloma Fataar, he married dancer Valerie Velardi, with whom he had a second daughter, Francesca Fataar