Rissa, Norway

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Rissa kommune
Former municipality
View of the harbour at Råkvåg
View of the harbour at Råkvåg
Coat of arms of Rissa kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Rissa kommune
Sør-Trøndelag within
Norway
Rissa within Sør-Trøndelag
Rissa within Sør-Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°39′20″N 10°02′23″E / 63.65556°N 10.03972°E / 63.65556; 10.03972Coordinates: 63°39′20″N 10°02′23″E / 63.65556°N 10.03972°E / 63.65556; 10.03972
CountryNorway
CountySør-Trøndelag
DistrictFosen
Established1860
Disestablished1 Jan 2018
Administrative centreÅrnset
Area
 • Total621.37 km2 (239.91 sq mi)
 • Land587.85 km2 (226.97 sq mi)
 • Water33.52 km2 (12.94 sq mi)
Area rank#179/426 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population (2017)
 • Total6,628
 • Rank#158/426 in Norway
 • Density11.3/km2 (29/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)4.1%
Demonym(s)Rissværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1624
Official language formNeutral
Preceded byStadsbygd in 1860
Succeeded byIndre Fosen in 2018

Rissa is a former municipality in the old Sør-Trøndelag county in Norway in the Fosen region. The municipality existed from 1860 until its dissolution on 1 January 2018 when it became part of the municipality of Indre Fosen in Trøndelag county. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Årnset. Other villages in the municipality included Askjem, Hasselvika, Husbysjøen, Rørvika, Råkvåg, and Stadsbygd.

The 621-square-kilometre (240 sq mi) municipality was the 179th largest by area out of the then 426 municipalities in Norway. Rissa was the 158th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 6,628. The municipality's population density was 11.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (29/sq mi) and its population had increased by 4.1% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Rissen was established in 1860 when it was separated from the big municipality of Stadsbygd. Initially, Rissen had 3,733 residents. The spelling was later changed to Rissa. On 1 January 1905, the southwestern district of Lensvik (population: 1,019) on the west side of the Trondheimsfjord was separated from Rissa to form a municipality of its own. This left Rissa with 3,394 residents. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, most of Stadsbygd municipality (except for the Ingdalen area) and the southern part of the municipality of Stjørna were merged with Rissa to form a new, enlarged municipality of Rissa.[3]

On 1 January 2018, the neighboring municipalities of Rissa and Leksvik merged to form the new municipality of Indre Fosen which became part of the new Trøndelag county on the same date.[4]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Rissi. This was probably the old name of the brackish basin of Botn (literally "the bottom" of the fjord). Even though this is a heavily land-locked fjord with a river-like inlet from the Trondheimsfjord (it was probably a shallow bay in prehistoric times). The name is probably derived from the verb rísa which means "raise" or "rise". (The average water level of Botnen is today about 1.7 metres (5 ft 7 in) above mean sea level and the surface water is almost fresh from accumulated internal runoff.) The name of the municipality was historically spelled Rissen.[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was from modern times; they were granted on 23 January 1987. The arms show a silver crown on a green background. The crown is that of Skule Bårdsson as it is depicted on an old tombstone at the Nidaros Cathedral. Bårdsson was the founder of Rein kloster and the accompanying farm and Rein estate, which lies in the municipality. The crown is a typical headdress used by the medieval Norwegian Dukes.[6]

Rissa Church

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway had four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Rissa. It was part of the Fosen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Rissa
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Hasselvika Hasselvika Church Hasselvika 1951
Rissa Rissa Church Leira 1888
Rein Church Reinsgrenda 1932
Stadsbygd Stadsbygd Church Stadsbygd 1842
Sør-Stjørna Ramsvik Church Råkvåg 1909
Frengen Church Frengen 1972

History[edit]

Rissa landscape

In April 1978, Rissa was home to a quick-clay landslide which encompassed an area of 330,000 square metres (3,600,000 sq ft) and sent 6,000,000 cubic metres (7,800,000 cu yd) of clay from the Årnset area on the shore into Botn, causing a miniature tsunami on the north shore in Leira. This slide is particularly famous because a large portion of the slide happened to be recorded on film by two amateur photographers.

Government[edit]

The municipal government of Rissa was responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The final municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Rissa that was elected to represent the municipality was made up of 23 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The last council party breakdown was as follows:[7]

Rissa Kommunestyre 2015–2017
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet5
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet1
 Conservative PartyHøyre7
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti1
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet De Grønne1
 Pensioners' PartyPensjonistpartiet2
 Centre PartySenterpartiet4
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
Total number of members:23

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located on the southern end of the Fosen peninsula along the Trondheimsfjord and the Stjørnfjord. The large lake Storvatnet lies on the eastern border with Lensvik. To the north were the municipalities of Åfjord, Bjugn, and Ørland.

The Flakk–Rørvik Ferry crosses the Trondheimsfjord and connected the village of Rørvik with the city of Trondheim.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-07.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ "Om Indre Fosen" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-07.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 101.
  6. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 27 October 2008.
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.

External links[edit]