Ritan Park (Beijing)

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Ritan Park
Beijing Sun Temple Park-2.jpg
The "Star Gates" that mark the boundary of the altar
Ritan Park is located in central Beijing
Ritan Park
Ritan Park
Ritan Park is located in China
Ritan Park
Ritan Park
Typepublic park
LocationChaoyang District, Beijing, China
Coordinates39°54′51.9″N 116°26′17.2″E / 39.914417°N 116.438111°E / 39.914417; 116.438111Coordinates: 39°54′51.9″N 116°26′17.2″E / 39.914417°N 116.438111°E / 39.914417; 116.438111
Created1530
Owned byBeijing Municipal Administration Center of Parks
StatusOpen all year
The West Holy Gate

The Ritan Park is a public park located in Chaoyang District, Beijing, China. It is within the Jianguomen area. The nearest Beijing Subway station is Yong'anli on the Beijing subway Line 1. The park was initially home to the Temple of the Sun (simplified Chinese: 日坛; traditional Chinese: 日壇; pinyin: Rìtán), an altar built in 1530 during the late Ming Dynasty.

History[edit]

The altar was built in 1530 during the late Ming Dynasty for use in ritual sacrifice to the sun by the Emperor of China.[1] The original Altar of the sun was a rectangular white-stone dais covered with red glaze, and 4 stairways (North, East, South and West) with 9 steps measuring 18.3 yards in width and length, and 7 feet in height. The temple had been destroyed and restored to reopen in 1556 to the public.[2]

Upon entering the premises, the emperors would pass through the Heavenly West Gate and along the Sacred Way that led to the sun altar.

The temple was abandoned in 1911. Its park was renamed Ritan (or Ri Tan) Park in 1949 and reopened in 1951. In the 1970s, the Ritan Park became part of the embassy district of the city. In the 1980s, the park was restored and expanded southwards with the Quchi Shengchun garden (or Yuxin garden), and the Sun Mural was installed in the park to commemorate the opening policies of Deng Xiaoping and the end of Maoist policies.[1]

During the 2008 Summer Olympics, it was selected as one of the three protest zones.[3]

Description[edit]

The area surrounding the Ritan temple is now a public park, and the site features extensive gardens and a small lake. On the opposite side of Beijing, to the west, is the Temple of the Moon, located in Fuchengmen. There is a Sino-Japanese Friendship Monument in the park, but it is hard to spot and not well indicated.[1]

The Shen Ku and Shen Chu is the place where the tablets of the temple were found.[2] The Qinghui pavilion is the high point with a panoramic view of the park. Below the pavilion is a pond with rockies, a cafe (the Stone Boat cafe), lots of lotus... A lot of people visit the park in the morning to practice Tai Chi or other forms of physical or spiritual exercises.[4]

The park is free of charge and open 24hrs a day. Restaurants and snacks are available inside the park.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Sun Mural and Sun Altar at Ritan Park, Drben.net, 24 October 2017
  2. ^ a b Temple of the Sun (Ritan Park), Travelguidechina.com
  3. ^ Eckert, Paul (2008-08-06). "Protesters bypass China's official protest zones". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-08-17.
  4. ^ Morning Stroll around Ritan Park, Tour-beijing.com, 10 July 2013
  5. ^ Ian Johnson, At Home in Beijing, Nytimes.com, 1 May 2017

External links[edit]