Avon River (Mid-Coast Council)
Avon River, a perennial stream of the Manning River catchment, is located in the Upper Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. Avon River rises in the northern foothills of the Barrington Tops, south of Carsonville, flows north-east, joined by five minor tributaries, before reaching its confluence with the Gloucester River, near Gloucester, south of the confluence of the Gloucester River with the Barrington River; the river descends 412 metres over its 42 kilometres course. The catchment area of the river benefits from melting snow in spring. Gloucester district, although hot in the main summer months has an annual rainfall averaging 1,300 millimetres; as a result, combined with the merging streams and rivers, periodic serious flooding occurs in the Avon Valley at Gloucester, sometimes cutting all transport links. The Gloucester River flows into the Manning River, a major waterway which flows into the Tasman Sea through a minor delta east of Taree. In 2004, assessments of water sampling done in 1997 by the NSW Environment Protection Authority, revealed poor water quality, with high levels of nutrients leading to excess algae.
Along the river, downstream from Stratford, bank erosion and the invasion by exotic plant species have degraded the river. List of rivers of Australia List of rivers in New South Wales Rivers of New South Wales "Manning River catchments". Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales
River Avon, Devon
The River Avon known as the River Aune, is a river in the county of Devon in the south of England. It rises in the southern half of Dartmoor National Park in an area of bog to the west of Ryder's Hill. Close to where the river leaves Dartmoor a dam was built in 1957 to form the Avon reservoir. After leaving the moor it passes through South Brent and Avonwick and Aveton Gifford and flows into the sea at Bigbury-on-Sea. Near Loddiswell the valley flows through Fosse Copse a 1.88 hectares woodland owned and managed by the Woodland Trust. The estuary lies within the South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and is part of the South Devon Heritage Coast. From 1893 until its closure in 1963, the Kingsbridge branch line railway line ran along the valley of the Avon between Kingsbridge and South Brent. Rivers of the United Kingdom Avon Mouth
Avon River (Gippsland, Victoria)
The Avon River is a perennial river of the West Gippsland catchment, located in the West Gippsland region, of the Australian state of Victoria. The Avon, forms an important part of the Latrobe sub-catchment, draining the south eastern slopes of the Great Dividing Range, to form the Gippsland Lakes; the Avon River rises on the south eastern slopes of Mount Wellington, below Miller Spur, part of the Great Dividing Range within the Avon Wilderness Park. The rivers flows in a meandering course south east south by southeast, joined by ten tributaries including the Turton River and the Perry River, before reaching its mouth to form Lake Wellington east of Sale and southeast of Stratford. Within Lake Wellington, the Avon forms its confluence with the Latrobe River, empties into Bass Strait via the Mitchell River south of Lakes Entrance; the river descends 664 metres over its 122-kilometre course. The upper reaches are contained in the rugged forested and inaccessible, Avon Wilderness Park; the river passes through forested hillsides cleared agricultural land.
Around Stratford the river has dug a wide channel up to 500 metres across, composed of sand banks and pebble banks. The river forms a boundary for the Macallister Irrigation District, with Nuntin Creek joining 10 kilometres downstream of Stratford contributing a large amount of irrigation drainage to the river. Considerable demand is placed on the Latrobe and Thomson Rivers for supply of Melbourne's water, industrial use in Australia's largest pulp and paper mill and the power industry in the Latrobe Valley, for irrigation; the Avon escapes diversion. The river was important to the indigenous Gunai/Kurnai people, highlighted by Knob Reserve, 3 kilometres south of Stratford, being part of the Gunai/Kurnai Bataluk Cultural Trail; the trail highlights the places of cultural significance to the first inhabitants across East Gippsland. In the Australian Aboriginal Brataualung language the river is given two names, with no defined meaning. Named the Avoca River by Thomas Mitchell, the river was named the Avon by Angus McMillan in circa 1840.
List of rivers of Victoria "West Gippsland Regional Catchment Strategy". West Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. 2012. ISBN 978-0-9805562-8-5. "Latrobe Catchment Ecosystem". West Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. 2012. Archived from the original on 6 April 2011
River Avon, Bristol
The River Avon is an English river in the south west of the country. To distinguish it from a number of other rivers of the same name, this river is also known as the Bristol Avon; the name "Avon" is a cognate of the Welsh word afon, "river". The Avon rises just north of the village of Acton Turville in South Gloucestershire, before flowing through Wiltshire. In its lower reaches from Bath to the Severn Estuary at Avonmouth near Bristol, the river is navigable and known as the Avon Navigation; the Avon is the 19th longest river in the UK at 75 miles although there are just 19 miles as the crow flies between the source and its mouth in the Severn Estuary. The catchment area is 2,220 square kilometres; the name "Avon" is a cognate of the Welsh word afon "river", both being derived from the Common Brittonic abona, "river". "River Avon", therefore means "River River". The County of Avon that existed from 1974 to 1996 was named after the river, covered Bristol and the lower Avon valley; the Avon rises east of the town of Chipping Sodbury in South Gloucestershire, just north of the village of Acton Turville.
Running a somewhat circular path, the river drains east and south through Wiltshire. Its first main settlement is the village of Luckington, two miles inside the Wiltshire border, on to Sherston. At Malmesbury it joins up with its first major tributary, the Tetbury Avon, which rises just north of Tetbury in Gloucestershire; this tributary is known locally as the Ingleburn, which in Old English means'English river'. Here, the two rivers meet but their path is blocked by a rocky outcrop of the Cotswolds creating an island for the ancient hilltop town of Malmesbury to sit on. Upstream of this confluence the river is sometimes referred to as the'River Avon' to distinguish it from the Tetbury Branch. After the two rivers merge, the Avon turns south east away from the Cotswolds and quickly south into the clay Dauntsey Vale, where it is joined by the River Marden, until it reaches the biggest town so far, Chippenham; the wide vale is now known as the Avon Vale, the river flows on via Lacock to Melksham turns north-west through Bradford on Avon, where the centre of the town grew up around the ford across the river Avon, hence the origin of the town's name.
This was supplemented in Norman times by the stone bridge. The Norman side is upstream, has pointed arches; the Town Bridge and Chapel is a grade. It was a Packhorse bridge, but widened in the 17th century by rebuilding the western side. On the bridge stands a small building, a chapel but used as a town lock-up; the Avon Valley between Bradford on Avon and Bath is a classic geographical example of a valley where four forms of ground transport are found: road, river, canal. The river passes under the Avoncliff and Dundas Aqueducts and at Freshford is joined by the Somerset River Frome. Avoncliff Aqueduct was built by John Rennie and chief engineer John Thomas, between 1797 and 1801; the aqueduct consists of three arches and is 110 yards long with a central elliptical arch of 60 ft span with two side arches each semicircular and 34 ft across, all with V-jointed arch stones. The spandrel and wing walls are built in alternate courses of ashlar masonry, rock-faced blocks; the central span has been repaired many times.
The Dundas Aqueduct was built by the same team between 1797 and 1801 and completed in 1805. James McIlquham was appointed contractor; the aqueduct is 150 yards long with three arches built of Bath Stone, with Doric pilasters, balustrades at each end. The central semicircular arch spans 64 feet, it is a grade I listed building, was the first canal structure to be designated as a Scheduled Ancient Monument in 1951. The stretch of river below and above the aqueduct, where it is joined by Midford Brook, is used by the Bluefriars of the Monkton Combe School Boat Club up to six days a week since at least the 1960s, it flows past Claverton Pumping Station, which pumped water from the River Avon into the canal, using power from the flow of the river. The pumping station is located in a pump house built of Bath Stone, located at river level. Water is diverted from the river by Warleigh Weir, about 200 yd upstream; the water flows down a leat to the pumping station, where it powers a water wheel, 24 ft wide and 17 ft in diameter, with 48 wooden slats.
At full power the wheel rotates five times a minute. The water wheel drives gearing. From here, cranks drive vertical connecting rods which transfer the energy to two 18 ft long cast iron rocking beams; each rocking beam in turn drives an 18 in diameter lift pump, which take their supply from the mill leat. Each pump stroke raises 50 imperial gallons of water to the canal. In 1981, British Waterways installed two 75 horsepower electric pumps just upstream from the station; the Avon flows through Bathford, where it is joined by the Bybrook River, Bathampton where it passes under the Bathampton Toll Bridge. It is joined by the Lam Brook at Lambridge in Bath and passes under Cleveland and Pulteney Bridges and over the weir. Cleveland Bridge was built in 1826 by William Hazledine, owner of the Coalbrookdale Ironworks, with Henry Goodridge as the architect, on the site of a Roman ferry crossing. Named after the 3rd Duke of Cleveland, it spans the River Avon at Bathwick
Little Avon River
The Little Avon River is a small river in southern Gloucestershire and in South Gloucestershire. For much of its length it forms the boundary between the county of Gloucestershire and the unitary authority of South Gloucestershire, it rises to the east of Wickwar, near Horton, passes near Charfield and Berkeley, enters the River Severn via Berkeley Pill. It was navigable up to moorings at Berkeley, but a flood-prevention scheme, built in the 1960s, now prevents navigation more than a few hundred metres upstream; the Little Avon River rises from a point upstream to the east of Wickwar in Gloucestershire, flowing north-west for a total of 15 kilometres, near Charfield and Berkeley, before joining the River Severn. The river runs through sandstone and clay, while the source water has been affected by the limestone from where it rises; the river starts as a steep course, with a natural riffle-pool sequence, before flattening out at Stone, where the river has been modified for used for irrigation.
By the time the river reaches Berkeley, it is sheltered from the tide using tidal gates. The river is used as a fishery, controlled by Berkeley Estate Fishing Syndicate, which ensures that brown trout and grayling are in the river for fly fishing as well as standard coarse fishing species. There is a footbridge over the Little Avon River, it was built around the turn of the 19th century, with the main arch being about 8 metres wide and 3.5 metres above water level at its highest point. The pathway across the bridge is 1.5 metres wide, with the total width of 2.5 metres. The bridge was designated Grade II listed status on 9 September 1985. Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust Natural England
Avon River (Ontario)
The Avon River is a river in Perth County, Canada. The river was named after the River Avon in England when the town of Stratford was founded on its banks in 1832; the Avon River rises northeast of Stratford and flows southwest, entering the North Thames River near St. Marys, it was known as the Little Thames River. The river begins in a field northeast of the community of Shakespeare in Perth East, it flows west to the north of the community, south of Brocksden, into Lake Victoria, a seasonal reservoir created by the Thomas Orr Dam, in Stratford. The Avon River continues west through the community of Avonton in Perth South, heads south through the community of Avonbank, it empties into the North Thames River, as a left tributary, between the community of Motherwell to the north and the town of St. Marys to the south. Dunseith Drain Douglas Drain Hislop Drain Court Drain Kuhne Drain Central School Drain Sheerer Drain List of rivers of Ontario
Avon River (Canterbury)
The Avon River / Ōtākaro flows through the centre of the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, out to an estuary, which it shares with the Heathcote River, the Avon Heathcote Estuary. The Avon follows a meandering course through Christchurch from its source in the outer western suburb of Avonhead through Ilam and Fendalton through Hagley Park and the Central Business District. East of the CBD, it passes through Avonside, Dallington and Aranui flowing into the Pacific Ocean via the Avon Heathcote Estuary near Sumner; the Avon River was known by the Māori as Putare Kamutu. The Canterbury Association had planned to call it the Shakespere; the river was given its current name by John Deans in 1848 to commemorate the Scottish Avon, which rises in the Ayrshire hills near what was his grandfathers' farm, Over Auchentiber. The Deans built their homestead adjacent to the Avon River; the name was altered to Avon River / Ōtākaro by the Ngai Tahu Claims Settlement Act 1998, one of many such changes under the Ngāi Tahu treaty settlement.
Commercial punting as a tourist attraction is available in the central city, Hagley Park and Mona Vale, a park in Fendalton. The Avon, flowing through the centre of the south island's most populous urban area, has become popular among local anglers as large numbers of introduced Brown trout are in the river. In the lower reaches below the Central Business District it is not uncommon for trout over 10 lbs to be caught, after the fish have made good use of consuming high numbers of a native Galaxiidae, Whitebait. Above the CBD the fish are smaller but higher numbers of these smaller fish are available, the most common method above the city is Fly Fishing as the Trout have become somewhat wary of anglers. Angling is not permitted between the Armagh street bridge at Hagley Park and the Barbadoes street bridge downstream from the city centre. Much of the land along the Avon River downstream from the central city was damaged in the 2010 Canterbury earthquake, the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake and the June 2011 Christchurch earthquake and has been zoned red by the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority.
Community interests are lobbying for the red zoned land to be turned into a park that links the central city with the estuary. The campaign is headed by a group called Avon-Otakaro Network and has received the backing of the mayor. In January 2013 health officials warned against swimming in the river due to contamination, linked to damage caused in the earthquakes. In September 2015, it was revealed that Christchurch City Council and the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority had bought two sculptures named Stay from English sculptor Antony Gormley, with one of them to be placed in the Avon River. Gormley, who had visited Christchurch in 2007 and discounted his works for the city, stated that he wanted his sculptures to help the city's healing process from the earthquakes. CCC's contribution towards the project was NZ$502,500; the second sculpture will be placed at the Arts Centre. The two sculpture are Gormley's first works in New Zealand. Avon River Avon River Masterplan, Christchurch City Council