Glenfarg is a small village in the Ochil Hills in the county of Perth and Kinross, central Scotland. Until 14 June 1964, the village had a railway station on the main line between Perth and Edinburgh via Kinross. Although not recommended for closure under the Beeching Axe, the line closed to passengers and freight on 5 January 1970, resulting in slower passenger services to Perth via longer routes; the former railway line is now the route of the M90 motorway, which runs along the eastern periphery of the village. At its peak, the village became a popular holiday destination. Services in the village include a church, small shop, tennis courts, riding school and a primary school with nursery; the 2008 construction work at Glenfarg Water Treatment Works won the accolade of "Most Considerate Site" at the 2009 Considerate Contractors Awards. The award was presented to the Black & Veatch Site Manager George Smart and the Scottish Water Solutions Project manager Steve Mason; this project won 2 awards at the Scottish Water Awards 2009 "Delivering through Partnership" and "Outperforming the Capital Programme" It is the source of the River Farg, badly polluted in May 2014 when an employee at the Glenfarg Water Treatment Works at East Blair Farm left a valve open, allowing water to flow into the aluminium sulphate tank.
That tank overflowed, flooding a corridor and draining into the River Farg over a period of several hours
The River Earn in Scotland leaves Loch Earn at St Fillans and runs east through Strathearn east and south, joining the River Tay near Abernethy. The Earn is about 74 kilometres long, it passes by Comrie and Bridge of Earn. The river is fast flowing, with many shoals, whilst the surrounding land is flat and is subject to flooding. Near to the River Earn lay the ancient Strageath Roman Camp; this camp was one of a series of camps used by the Romans to construct their invasion of the north. The river is popular for walking, the banks are accessible at many points. One of the most popular walks is a route along the north bank at Crieff known as Lady Mary's Walk. Fishing is available on many sections of the river; the Earn forms part of the area of the Tay District Salmon Fisheries Board, the statutory body that controls and manages stocks of salmon and trout along all rivers within the Tay catchment area. Fishing permits are issued by the individual estates for each section of the river; the River Earn Improvement Association, a voluntary organisation composed of fishing rights holders and local angling clubs, works to improve fish stocks in the river.
As part of this work the association has purchased the rights to undertaken commercial salmon fishing with fixed nets at locations on the Earn. The association does not exercise these rights, purchased them in order to improve salmon numbers in the river. By 2005 all commercial netting had been eliminated from the Earn; the section of the river between Comrie and St Fillans forms part of a national scenic area, one of 40 such areas in Scotland which are defined so as to identify areas of exceptional scenery and to ensure its protection by restricting certain forms of development. The River Earn NSA covers 3,108 ha, all of which lies within Kinross; the original 1978 report that led to the area being designated as a national scenic area noted: This upper part of Strathearn lies at the conjunction of highland and lowland scenery and the variety of landscape elements that derive from this combination result in a distinctive character of pleasing appearance. There is a strong textured pattern resulting from the variety of landform.
The hillsides are punctuated by rocky outcrops and patterned with heather, grass or plantation. The valley has a strong sense of enclosure. There is an intimacy of scale reinforced by the strong human influence of well managed farmland and woodland but the hill tops have a wild rugged character. Plantations make a major contribution to the scene, the shape and extent of afforested areas respecting and relating well to the natural landform. There are fine strands of broadleaved trees in the form of woodlands and hedgerow plantings, the river is alternatively swift and leisurely, open-meadowed or alder enclosed. Buildings are traditional in appearance and in tune with their surroundings; this is a landscape of great harmony
Scotland is a country, part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides; the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain; the union created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland enacted a political union to create a United Kingdom.
The majority of Ireland subsequently seceded from the UK in 1922. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland; the legal system within Scotland has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland. The continued existence of legal, educational and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England; the Scottish Parliament, a unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, was established in 1999 and has authority over those areas of domestic policy which have been devolved by the United Kingdom Parliament. The head of the Scottish Government, the executive of the devolved legislature, is the First Minister of Scotland. Scotland is represented in the UK House of Commons by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs.
Scotland is a member of the British–Irish Council, sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland is divided into councils. Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area. "Scotland" comes from the Latin name for the Gaels. From the ninth century, the meaning of Scotia shifted to designate Gaelic Scotland and by the eleventh century the name was being used to refer to the core territory of the Kingdom of Alba in what is now east-central Scotland; the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass most of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages, as the Kingdom of Alba expanded and came to encompass various peoples of diverse origins. Repeated glaciations, which covered the entire land mass of modern Scotland, destroyed any traces of human habitation that may have existed before the Mesolithic period, it is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, as the ice sheet retreated after the last glaciation.
At the time, Scotland was covered in forests, had more bog-land, the main form of transport was by water. These settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, the first villages around 6,000 years ago; the well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period. Neolithic habitation and ritual sites are common and well preserved in the Northern Isles and Western Isles, where a lack of trees led to most structures being built of local stone. Evidence of sophisticated pre-Christian belief systems is demonstrated by sites such as the Callanish Stones on Lewis and the Maes Howe on Orkney, which were built in the third millennium BCE; the first written reference to Scotland was in 320 BC by Greek sailor Pytheas, who called the northern tip of Britain "Orcas", the source of the name of the Orkney islands. During the first millennium BCE, the society changed to a chiefdom model, as consolidation of settlement led to the concentration of wealth and underground stores of surplus food.
The first Roman incursion into Scotland occurred in 79 AD. After the Roman victory, Roman forts were set along the Gask Ridge close to the Highland line, but by three years after the battle, the Roman armies had withdrawn to the Southern Uplands; the Romans erected Hadrian's Wall in northern England and the Limes Britannicus became the northern border of the Roman Empire. The Roman influence on the southern part of the country was considerable, they introduced Christianity to Scotland. Beginning in the sixth century, the area, now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; these societies were based on the family unit and had sharp divisions in wealth, although the vast majority were poor and worked full-time in subsistence agriculture. The Picts kept slaves through the ninth century. Gaelic influence over Pictland and Northumbria was facilitated by the large number of Gaelic-speaking clerics working as missionaries. Operating in the sixth ce