Pinstone Street is located in Sheffield, England. Pinstone Street connects The Moor in the centre of the city. Called Pinstone Lane, its eastern side contains Sheffield Town Hall and the Peace Gardens; the western side of the street was to be redeveloped as part of the Sevenstone project, postponed indefinitely as a result of the Late-2000s recession – the street's empty units were occupied by a number of independent businesses and food outlets
Fitzalan Square is a municipal square situated in the city centre of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England. The present day square is one of the busiest areas of the city centre, with traffic and pedestrians continually moving through the area, it has a taxi rank. This area of the city had been the market quarter since the medieval era and the modern square takes its name from the Fitzalan Market Hall, which stood near the site from 1786 to 1930; the Fitzalans were a lesser branch of the Howard family, Dukes of Norfolk and the major local landowners at that time. The square is located in the city centre at 53°22′58″N 1°27′41″W, it is rectangular in shape, formed by the staggered intersections of Flat Street and Haymarket with High Street from the south and north respectively. Commercial Street and Bakers Hill leave the square to the east. Norfolk Street used to intersect with Flat Street at the south-western corner of the square, but it was cut off from the square when Arundel Gate was constructed in 1968.
Fitzalan Square was created in 1881 when its buildings were demolished. However, this was demolished in 1913 to make way for a bronze statue of King Edward VII by Alfred Drury; this was unveiled by the Duke of Norfolk on 27 October 1913, stands to this day. Sheffield's Head Post Office operated in the square for ninety years. Built in 1910 as an addition to the 1897 post office building on Flat Street, it closed in 1999, with the main post office moving to new premises within the Co-op store on Angel Street; the Grade II listed Post Office building was up for sale for a considerable time before being sold for development in early 2006. On the west side of the square is the Grade II listed White Building. Built in 1908 by Gibbs and Flockton, it is faced in faience with carvings of the Sheffield metal trades by Alfred and William Tory, the faience was intended to resist the soot that blackened many of Sheffield's buildings at the time; the early square had the Electra Palace Cinema, which opened February 1911.
It became the News Theatre in 1945 and the Classic Cinema in 1962. It closed in 1982, the building was destroyed by a fire in 1984; the site is now occupied by an amusement arcade. Next door to the cinema was the Bell Hotel public house, now a gift shop. Another public house, the Elephant Inn, stood on the corner; this closed in the late 1960s. The well known Sheffield company of Wigfalls had a shop in the square for many years, this is now a betting shop. However, the best-known structure in Fitzalan Square is the “Marples” building; the building at the corner of the square as it joins High Street was first occupied by a hotel in 1870. On the night of Thursday 12 December 1940, 280 German bombers attacked Sheffield in what has become known as the Sheffield Blitz, their target was the steel works producing armaments in the east end of the city, however a mistake in navigation caused the city centre to become the main target. Fire bombs caused widespread panic, many people took shelter in the Marples’ extensive cellars, believing they were safe under the robust seven-storey building.
At 11:44 p.m. the Marples building took a direct hit from a bomb which plunged through the building and detonated just above the cellars, killing 70 people and reducing the building to a 15-foot-high pile of rubble. The next day seven men were dug out of the rubble still alive, as a small section of cellar roof had, withstood the impact; the Marples site stood derelict until 1959 when the brewing company John Smith opened a new public house on the site, this time called “The Marples”. The pub closed in 2002 and was occupied by the Hein Gericke motorcycle clothing and accessory outlet until 2008; the Building stood empty for a few years but since 2012 the marples building has been occupied by Cash Shop, a fair money lending and pawn broking company. Fitzalan Square received a facelift during the summer of 2003; the Edward VII statue was cleaned and protected from pigeons, lights were added to illuminate it at night. New sandstone paving and steel benches were installed, the trees were pruned back and improved street lighting put in.
In addition to a fair money lending and pawn broking company, amusement arcade and gift shop, the square contains three betting shops from national chains Betfred and Ladbrokes, a few insurance companies and a small newsagents. In the inner part of the square there is a fast food hut named @Marples and a small police cabin. In January 2016 the Sheffield Institute of Arts moved into a refurbished Head Post Office, at the start of an initial 20-year lease, housing graphic design, fine art and product design, it is believed the Council will be further updating and improving the central area/island within the Square closing off one side to traffic. Fitzalan Square/Ponds Forge is a central station on the Supertram tramway in Sheffield, serving the Ponds Forge International Sports Centre, it is one of only three stations served by all four of the system’s lines
The Peace Gardens are an inner city square in Sheffield, England. It was created as part of the Heart of the City project by Sheffield City Council; the Gardens themselves front onto Sheffield's gothic town hall—not to be confused with the Sheffield City Hall, a concert venue. The Gardens were first laid out following the demolition of St Paul's Church. Named St Paul's Gardens, they were nicknamed the "Peace Gardens", marking the contemporary signing of the Munich Agreement; the Gardens were intended to be replaced by an extension to the Town Hall, but due to World War II, this was never built. In 1985, the space was formally renamed the "Peace Gardens"; the Sheffield gardens are a fine example of the network of similar gardens created between the two world wars and presage gardens and community spaces in London and other urban centres. In 1997 work commenced to remove the former St Pauls graveyard, the whole space was re-modeled. Water features and a central fountain were introduced, with the channels representing the rivers of Sheffield.
The construction work was carried out by Tilbury Douglas Construction under a Management form of Contract, with the design work carried out by Sheffield City Council. The "topping out ceremony" was carried out by Prince Charles, a plaque on Pinstone Street was unveiled to mark this event; the Peace Gardens were completed by the end of 1998 the Sheffield Millennium Galleries works commenced and the old egg-box council offices were demolished. This allowed the remained of the Peace Gardens to be completed in a second phase. Public Consultation showed strong support for a garden rather than the multi purpose open square, earlier advised by architectural consultants, it has fountains at the centre, cascades around the outside. These are to represent the flowing molten steel, which made Sheffield famous, the water of Sheffield's rivers, the Sheaf, River Don, River Rivelin, River Loxley and Porter Brook, which were used to power the mills which drove Sheffield's industry; the site contains several memorials for Sheffielders who served in wars, including in the Spanish Civil War and another plaque commemorating Sheffielders who gave their lives in all conflicts, including the Korean War.
It contains a memorial to Hiroshima, unveiled on Hiroshima Day, 8 August 1985, in the presence of three survivors of the atomic devastation. Other memorials include the Holberry Cascades, named for local Chartist leader Samuel Holberry, the Bochum Bell, donated by Sheffield's German twin city Bochum, a set of standard measures. Sheffield Town Hall
The Sheffield Parkway is a major dual carriageway which runs between the City of Sheffield and junction 33 of the M1 in South Yorkshire, England. The 5.5-mile road was opened in 1974. The route runs to the east of the City, connecting Park Square in the city centre with the inner ring road, outer ring road and out to the M1 motorway at junction 33, it passes the districts of the city council which are former villages: Wybourn and Handsworth and the large village of Catcliffe, at which a slip road connects to Sheffield Business Park and the Advanced Manufacturing Park. Many businesses and Sheffield attractions are within sight of The Parkway as it is known in South Yorkshire, it can become congested. For 2.5 miles the road forms part of the A57. Parkway Man Sheffield City Council Live Traffic Cameras Park Square North - Commercial Street, Exchange Place, Broad Street Bernard Road - Parkway - Parkway, Cutlers Gate, Bernard Road, Cricket Inn Road Handsworth Road - Parkway - Handsworth Road, Parkway
Church Street (Sheffield)
Church Street is situated in the centre of Sheffield at the grid reference of SK353874. It runs for 490 yards in a westerly direction from its junction with Fargate and High Street to its termination at the crossroads formed by the junction with West Street, Leopold Street and Townhead Street. Church Street has its own Sheffield Supertram stop directly in front of the Sheffield Cathedral and it carries that name. Church Street was named Church Lane and was referred to as this by John Harrison's in his survey of the town centre streets for Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel in 1637. Ralph Gosling's map of Sheffield of 1736 shows the area around Church Lane as "extraordinarily narrow". Joseph Mather, the local songwriter and file cutter described Church Lane in the 1780s in his song "The Black Resurrection": Proceed up Church Lane, that poor narrow place, With wood buildings projecting, twas quite a disgrace, The roofs nearly meeting, a dark dreary street, Might justly be styled, the robbers retreat.
In 1785 Church Lane was widened by taking a section of the nearby churchyard which resulted in the exhumation of several bodies and coffins. This produced adverse reaction from local inhabitants who directed their wrath against the vicar, the Reverend James Wilkinson. Church Street does not have many retail shops on it, but it does have some of the more significant buildings in Sheffield. Sheffield Cathedral and the Cutlers' Hall both stand on Church Street; the Cathedral is a grade one listed building, construction started in 1430 although a church has existed on the site since the twelfth century. The Cutlers Hall was built in 1832 and is the headquarters of the Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire, it is the third Cutlers Hall on this site and was extended between 1865 and 1867. Other listed buildings on Church Street are the RBS building, number 17, the HSBC bank. Which are built in a similar style; the premises of the Stone House Public house is listed although the pub has been closed for a few years and stands empty.
In August 2005, London & Associated Properties bought the Stone House for £2,500,000 and plan to incorporate it within the nearby Orchard Square shopping centre which they own. This will create 42,000 square feet of redeveloped space. A bronze Statue of James Montgomery "The Christian Poet" stands on the Cathedral Precinct on Church Street just east of the Cathedral. Another significant building on the northern side of the thoroughfare is the Blood Donor Centre, a large building on the corner with Townhead street, a Jobcentre in the 1980s. There is a Lloyds TSB bank on the northern side of the street at number 14. Further to the west up the street on the same side at number 20 stands Cairns Chambers built between 1894 and 1896, they were designed by Charles Hadfield in Tudor Gothic style for the solicitors Henry & Alfred Maxwell, the chambers have decorative exterior stonework by Frank Tory including a four-foot statue of Earl Cairns, a former Lord Chancellor. St. James Row joins Church Street on its northern side and features the buildings known as No. 1 St. James Row.
Although on St. James Row the buildings have a substantial frontage onto Church Street and are an integral part of the thoroughfare, they were built in 1885 by Hemsoll & Smith as the Gladstone Buildings and were used as the Reform Club and offices. The buildings are grade two listed and were saved from demolition in 1976 with the interior being re-designed as offices and the exterior facade left intact. Other businesses on Church Street include an armed forces recruiting centre, several employment agencies and an independent chocolate shop specializing in imported Belgian Chocolates. In February 2014 a branch of Tesco Express was opened in part of 17 Church Street, the old HSBC Bank buildings; the bank left the premises in 2009 when it consolidated its city centre branches
St Vincent's Quarter
St Vincent's Quarter is one of Sheffield's eleven designated quarters, centring on and named after St Vincent's Church. An office and industrial location, its regeneration has increased over the past few years, with the new Metier residential block and Velocity Village office and residential accommodation springing up on the north side of Tenter Street. Despite recent development, the area still contains several dilapidated or derelict workshops and prostitution is common in the area, it is broadly triangular in shape, with Tenter Street and Broad Lane to the south, Netherthorpe Road and Hoyle Street to the north-west and Shalesmoor, Gibraltar Street and West Bar to the north-east. The A57 runs through the middle of the quarter but upon the completion of the Northern Relief Road, a dedicated route will be provided around the quarter, with the intention of improving the character of the area, it has three designated character areas: Furnace Hill, Solly Street, Well Meadow. The quarter played an important part in Sheffield's industrial heritage and examples include the cementation furnace on Doncaster Street and the crucible furnace and buildings at 35 Well Meadow Street
A tram is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets. The lines or networks operated by tramcars are called tramways; the term electric street railways was used in the United States. In the United States, the term tram has sometimes been used for rubber-tyred trackless trains, which are unrelated to other kinds of trams. Tram vehicles are lighter and shorter than main line and rapid transit trains. Today, most trams use electrical power fed by a pantograph sliding on an overhead line. In some cases by a contact shoe on a third rail is used. If necessary, they may have dual power systems—electricity in city streets, diesel in more rural environments. Trams carry freight. Trams are now included in the wider term "light rail", which includes grade-separated systems; some trams, known as tram-trains, may have segments that run on mainline railway tracks, similar to interurban systems. The differences between these modes of rail transport are indistinct, a given system may combine multiple features.
One of the advantages over earlier forms of transit was the low rolling resistance of metal wheels on steel rails, allowing the trams to haul a greater load for a given effort. Problems included the fact that any given animal could only work so many hours on a given day, had to be housed, groomed and cared for day in and day out, produced prodigious amounts of manure, which the streetcar company was charged with disposing of. Electric trams replaced animal power in the late 19th and early 20th century. Improvements in other forms of road transport such as buses led to decline of trams in mid 20th century. Trams have seen resurgence in recent years; the English terms tram and tramway are derived from the Scots word tram, referring to a type of truck used in coal mines and the tracks on which they ran. The word tram derived from Middle Flemish trame; the identical word la trame with the meaning "crossbeam" is used in the French language. Etymologists believe that the word tram refers to the wooden beams the railway tracks were made of before the railroad pioneers switched to the much more wear-resistant tracks made of iron and steel.
The word Tram-car is attested from 1873. Although the terms tram and tramway have been adopted by many languages, they are not used universally in English; the term streetcar is first recorded in 1840, referred to horsecars. When electrification came, Americans began to speak of trolleycars or trolleys. A held belief holds the word to derive from the troller, a four-wheeled device, dragged along dual overhead wires by a cable that connected the troller to the top of the car and collected electrical power from the overhead wires. "Trolley" and variants refer to the verb troll, meaning "roll" and derived from Old French, cognate uses of the word were well established for handcarts and horse drayage, as well as for nautical uses. The alternative North American term'trolley' may speaking be considered incorrect, as the term can be applied to cable cars, or conduit cars that instead draw power from an underground supply. Conventional diesel tourist buses decorated to look like streetcars are sometimes called trolleys in the US.
Furthering confusion, the term tram has instead been applied to open-sided, low-speed segmented vehicles on rubber tires used to ferry tourists short distances, for example on the Universal Studios backlot tour and, in many countries, as tourist transport to major destinations. The term may apply to an aerial ropeway, e.g. the Roosevelt Island Tramway. Although the use of the term trolley for tram was not adopted in Europe, the term was associated with the trolleybus, a rubber-tyred vehicle running on hard pavement, which draws its power from pairs of overhead wires; these electric buses, which use twin trolley poles, are called trackless trolleys, or sometimes trolleys. The New South Wales, government has decided to use the term "light rail" for their trams; the history of trams, streetcars or trolley systems, began in early nineteenth century. It can be divided up into several discrete periods defined by the principal means of motive power used; the world's first passenger train or tram was the Swansea and Mumbles Railway, in Wales, UK.
The Mumbles Railway Act was passed by the British Parliament in 1804, horse-drawn service started in 1807. The service was restarted in 1860, again using horses, it was worked by steam from 1877, from 1929, by large electric tramcars, until closure in 1961. The Swansea and Mumbles Railway was something of a one-off however, no street tramway would appear in Britain until 1860 when one was built in Birkenhead by the American George Francis Train. Street railways developed in America before Europe due to the poor paving of the streets in American cities which made them unsuitable for horsebuses, which were common on the well-paved streets of European cities. Running the horsecars on rails allowed for a much smoother ride. There are records of a street railway running in Baltimore as early as 1828, however the first authenticated streetcar in America, was the New York and Harle