Pine Flat Lake
Pine Flat Lake is an artificial lake or reservoir in the Sierra Nevada foothills of eastern Fresno County, California on the western north-south border to the Sierra- and Sequoia National Forests, about 30 mi east of Fresno. The lake is managed by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers and is open to campers & hikers; the lake was formed by the construction of Pine Flat Dam on the Kings River in 1954 by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, has a storage capacity of 1,000,000 acre⋅ft. Although it was designed for flood control, the project provides for irrigation and groundwater recharge and with the completion in 1984 of the Jeff L. Taylor Pine Flat Power Plant, generation of 165 Megawatts hydroelectric power; the lake is a popular regional tourist destination for water-based recreation. The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Sacramento District manages the land around the lake and offers several recreation areas and wildlife management areas; the following recreation and wildlife areas help lake visitors experience Pine Flat Lake: Deer Creek Recreation Area and Pine Flat Lake Marina.
Island Park Recreation Area and Campground Lakeview Recreation Area Edison Point Wildlife Area Trimmer Springs Recreation Area and Campground Sycamore Creek Wildlife Area Kirch Flat Recreation Area and Campground The fisheries are managed and stocked by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, common fish species include: large and smallmouth bass, spotted bass, rainbow trout and kokanee salmon, catfish and bluegill. Anglers can fish for native rainbow trout in the upper Kings River, a special management area that encourages natural reproduction of wild trout without the planting of domestic stock. Anglers must have a valid state fishing license and comply with all California Department of Fish and Wildlife rules & regulations. Hunting is permitted outside of developed recreation areas with arrow or shotgun only. Enforcement of rules and regulations are performed by USACE Park Rangers, Game Wardens with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, deputies of the Fresno County Sheriff's Department.
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Sierra National Forest Sequoia National Forest Kings Canyon National Park List of dams and reservoirs in California List of lakes in California List of largest reservoirs in the United States List of largest reservoirs of California Department of Water Resources. "Station Meta Data: Pine Flat Dam". California Data Exchange Center. State of California. Retrieved 2009-04-01. Construction Operations. "Parks and Lakes: Pine Flat Lake". U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 2009-04-01. U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Pine Flat Lake U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Pine Flat Lake Pine Flat Lake Recreation - Recreation.gov, camping reservations and information Sierra National Forest Sequoia National Forest
Dinkey Creek (California)
Dinkey Creek is a large stream in the southern Sierra Nevada, in Fresno County, California. The creek is 29.2 miles long, flowing undamed in a southerly direction through the Sierra National Forest. It is a tributary of the North Fork Kings River, in turn part of the Kings River system which drains into the de-watered Tulare Lake bed. Dinkey Creek originates in the Dinkey Lakes Wilderness, along the Three Sisters peaks, at an elevation of 10,152 feet above sea level, it flows southwest, dropping over Dinkey Falls turning south a short distance below Dinkey Dome. It flows past the community of Dinkey Creek and receives its largest tributary, Deer Creek, from the left; the creek empties at an elevation of 1,240 feet. The creek was named in 1863 by a group of hunters; the hunters' dog, tried to fight the bear, but was fatally injured. One of the men was able to grab his gun and shoot the bear, they named the nearby stream Dinkey Creek to honor the dog's bravery. A hydroelectric project was proposed by the Kings River Conservation District ( in 1978 on Dinkey Creek, but was canceled just two months before the start of construction in 1986 because PG&E withdrew from the power purchase agreement.
That was caused in part by delays caused by environmental litigation challenging parts of the plan, as well as a dispute between PG&E and the California Public Utilities Commission over related environmental issues. The KRCD's "Dinkey Creek Hydroelectric Project" would have consisted of a 380-foot high rock fill dam with a spillway at elevation 5,710 ft, a 90,000 acre⋅ft reservoir, two separate 60 megawatt power stations. Construction would have included 7.9 miles of power tunnels, four vertical shafts, a 4.5 miles long diversion tunnel in hard, granitic rock. The Dinkey Creek Inn in the community of Dinkey Creek is located at 5,710 ft elevation. According to the Bureau of Reclamation. In particular, a reservoir at Dinkey Creek would fundamentally alter the existing recreation-based community." List of rivers of California
Lake Kaweah is a reservoir near Lemon Cove in Tulare County, California. The lake is formed by Terminus Dam on the Kaweah River; the river originates in the San Joaquin Valley beneath the Sierra Nevada mountains and drains about 560 sq mi into Lake Kaweah. From Lake Kaweah, the river flows toward the city of Visalia, splitting into the Kaweah River and St. Johns River as it flows west into the Tulare Lakebed; the lake has a capacity of 185,000 acre⋅ft. A project to raise the lake 21 ft was completed in 2004; the lake now impounds an additional 42,000 acre⋅ft and downstream flood protection to downstream communities and agricultural land has been increased. Because its primary purpose is flood control, Lake Kaweah is maintained at a low level or empty for most of the year, only fills between May and June. Due to the limited capacity of the reservoir, large spills of floodwater occur after large rain storms. In the winter, water is released as as possible to ensure room for floodwater which can be released at a controlled rate.
During floods in 1997, the reservoir filled and emptied twice because of this operational regimen. At the upper end of Lake Kaweah is the small town of Three Rivers, which sits at the entrance to Sequoia National Park. Lime Kiln Creek List of dams and reservoirs in California List of lakes in California U. S. Army Corps of Engineers - Lake Kaweah U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lake Kaweah
Middle Fork Kings River
The Middle Fork Kings River is a 37.2-mile tributary of the Kings River in Kings Canyon National Park, California, in the southern Sierra Nevada. Draining 318 square miles – all of it wilderness – the Middle Fork is one of the largest wholly undeveloped watersheds in the state, with no dams or paved roads within its basin; the entire length of the Middle Fork is designated a National Scenic River. The Middle Fork originates at Helen Lake in the high Sierra, near Muir Pass in Kings Canyon National Park. From its headwaters at 11,971 feet above sea level, it descends east down Le Conte Canyon, turning south at Big Pete Meadow, it passes the Le Conte Ranger Station and receives Dusy Creek from the east and the much larger Palisade Creek from the east, a short distance downstream. Flowing south, it enters a narrower canyon where it drops over a waterfall known as Devil's Washbowl, it receives Cartridge Creek from the east turns southwest through Simpson Meadow, a broad subalpine valley at about 6,000-foot elevation, where it receives Goddard Creek from the north.
Below Simpson Meadow the Middle Fork turns west-southwest, flowing along the bottom of the Slide Bluffs and receiving many small tributaries before reaching the dramatic glacial canyon of Tehipite Valley, one of the most isolated parts of the park. Tehipite Dome, rising 3,500 feet above the river, is the largest granite dome in the Sierra. Blue Canyon Creek and Crown Creek tumble down the north wall of the valley, forming waterfalls before they merge with the Middle Fork. Downstream, the Middle Fork flows through Little Tehipite Valley and enters a rugged, trailless 8,000-foot deep canyon in the Monarch Wilderness just outside the western boundary of the park, it joins with the South Fork Kings River to form the main stem of the Kings River, about 50 miles upstream of Pine Flat Lake. North Fork Kings River South Fork Kings River List of rivers of California
The Kern River Rio de San Felipe La Porciuncula, is a river in the U. S. state of California 165 miles long. It drains an area of the southern Sierra Nevada mountains northeast of Bakersfield. Fed by snowmelt near Mount Whitney, the river passes through scenic canyons in the mountains and is a popular destination for whitewater rafting and kayaking, it is the only major river in the Sierra Nevada mountain range. The Kern River emptied into the now dry Buena Vista Lake and Kern Lake via the Kern River Slough, Kern Lake in turn emptied into Buena Vista Lake via the Connecting Slough at the southern end of the Central Valley. Buena Vista Lake, when overflowing, first backed up into Kern Lake and upon rising higher drained into Tulare Lake via Buena Vista Slough and a changing series of sloughs of the Kern River; the lakes were part of a endorheic basin that sometimes overflowed into the San Joaquin River. This basin included the Kaweah and Tule Rivers, as well as southern distributaries of the Kings that all flowed into Tulare Lake.
Since the late 19th century the Kern has been entirely diverted for irrigation, recharging aquifers and the California Aqueduct, although some water empties into Lake Webb and Lake Evans, two small lakes in a portion of the former Buena Vista Lakebed. The lakes were created in 1973 for recreational use; the lakes hold. Crops are grown in the rest of the former lakebed. In wet years the river will reach the Tulare Lake basin through a series of sloughs and flood channels. Despite its remote source, nearly all of the river is publicly accessible; the Kern River is popular for wilderness hiking and whitewater rafting. The Upper Kern River is paralleled by trails to within a half-mile of its source. With the presence of Lake Isabella, the river is perennial down to the lower Tulare Basin, its swift flow at low elevation makes the river below the reservoir an popular location for rafting. The Kern River is the southernmost river in the San Joaquin Valley, it begins in the Sierra Nevada on the eastern side of Tulare County and ends on the west side of Kern County where it is diverted for local water supplies.
The main branch of the river rises from several small lakes west of Mount Whitney in the high Sierra Nevada mountains in northeastern Tulare County, in the northeast corner of Sequoia National Park. It flows south through the mountains, passing through Inyo and Sequoia national forests, the Golden Trout Wilderness; the Little Kern River joins from the northwest at a site called Forks of the Kern. At Kernville the river emerges from its narrow canyon into a widening valley where it is impounded in Lake Isabella, a reservoir formed by Isabella Dam; the area was once known as the former location of the town of Kernville. The South Fork Kern River joins in Lake Isabella. Like the North Fork, the South Fork rises in Tulare County and flows south, through Inyo National Forest. After entering Kern County the South Fork flows into Lake Isabella. Below Isabella Dam the Kern River flows southwest through a spectacular rugged canyon along the south edge of the Greenhorn Mountains, emerging from mountains east of Bakersfield, the largest city on the river.
Despite being dammed upstream, this part of the river has remarkably swift flow in the driest summers. In Bakersfield proper, the river loses most of its remaining flow. In the Kern's lower course downstream from Bakersfield the river is diverted through a series of canals to irrigate the farms of the southern San Joaquin Valley and provide municipal water supplies to the City of Bakersfield and surrounding areas. In this region near Bakersfield the Kern River once spread out into vast wetlands and seasonal lakes; the Friant-Kern Canal, constructed as part of the Central Valley Project, joins the river about 4 mi west of downtown Bakersfield. The Kern River is one of the few rivers in the Central Valley which does not contribute water to the Central Valley Project. However, water from the CVP the Friant-Kern Canal, will be deposited for water storage in the aquifers; the river flowed an additional 20 mi south through a now-dry distributary to Arvin, where it formed the seasonal Kern Lake, which would grow to cover about 8,300 acres during wet periods.
Water from Kern Lake would flow west through Buena Vista Slough into Lake Buena Vista, another seasonal lake that reached sizes of about 4,000 acres. Another channel of the Kern River flowed from the Bakersfield area southwest directly to Buena Vista Lake. In periods of high runoff, Buena Vista Lake overflowed and joined other wetlands and seasonal lakes in a series of sloughs that drained north into the former Tulare Lake, which would sometimes overflow into the San Joaquin River via Fresno Slough, forming one of the longest river systems in California at 535 mi; the river was named by John C. Frémont in honor of Edward M. Kern in 1845 who, as the story goes, nearly drowned in the turbulent waters. Kern was the topographer of Fremont's third expedition through the American West. Before this, the Kern River was known as the "Rio de San Felipe" as named by Spanish missionary explorer Fr. Francisco Garcés when he explored the Bakersfield area on May 1, 1776. On August 2, 1806, Padre Zavidea renamed the river La Porciuncula for the day of the Porciuncula Indulgence.
It was locally known as Po-sun-co-la until its renaming by Fremont. Gold was discovered along the upper river in 1853. T
Buena Vista Slough
Buena Vista Slough was the joint outlet of an overflowing Buena Vista Lake and a distributary of the Kern River into Tulare Lake. It is now diverted into a system of canals by the Outlet Canal of the Central Valley Project. In times when Buena Vista Lake overflowed it first backed up into Kern Lake making one large lake; when this larger lake overflowed it flowed out through the Buena Vista Slough that began southeast of what is now Tupman where it met the Kern River distributary channel to the San Joaquin River.35°16′10″N 119°18′34″W It ran northwest from there through tule marshland and Goose Lake, into Tulare Lake west of the Sand Ridge.35°49′30″N 119°43′59″W During the late 19th century a system of canals was built to divert this water for agriculture. That diversion of water lead to a lawsuit by downstream property owners in Lux v. Haggin