A third baseman, abbreviated 3B, is the player in baseball whose responsibility is to defend the area nearest to third base — the third of four bases a baserunner must touch in succession to score a run. In the scoring system used to record defensive plays, the third baseman is assigned the number'5'; the third baseman requires good reflexes in reacting to batted balls, as he is the closest infielder to the batter. The third base position requires a strong and accurate arm, as the third baseman makes long throws to first base; the third baseman sometimes must throw to second base in time to start a double play. The third baseman must field fly balls in fair and foul territory. Third base is known as the "hot corner", because the third baseman is close to the batter and most right-handed hitters tend to hit the ball hard in this direction. A third baseman must possess good hand-eye coordination and quick reactions in order to catch hard line drives sometimes in excess of 125 miles per hour. Third basemen must begin in a position closer to the batter if a bunt is expected, creating a hazard if the ball is instead hit sharply.
As with middle infielders, right-handed throwing players are standard at the position because they do not need to turn their body before throwing across the infield to first base. Mike Squires, who played fourteen games at third base in 1982 and 1983, is a rare example of a third baseman who threw lefty; some third basemen have been converted from middle infielders or outfielders because the position does not require them to run as fast. Expectations of how well a third baseman should be able to hit have varied a great deal over time. Players who could hit with more ability were not suited for third base, either because they were left-handed or because they were not mobile enough for the position. However, the beginning of the live-ball era in the 1920s created a greater demand for more offense, third basemen have since been expected to hit either for a high average or with moderate to substantial power. Since the 1950s the position has become more of a power position with sluggers such as Eddie Mathews, Mike Schmidt and Ron Santo becoming stars.
There are fewer third basemen in the Baseball Hall of Fame than there are Hall of Famers of any other position. Furthermore, with the notable exception of John McGraw and Bobby Cox, few third basemen have gone on to have successful managing careers, with Jimmy Dykes and Negro Leaguer Dave Malarcher being the next most prominent managers who began their careers at third base. Frank "Home Run" Baker Johnny Bench Wade Boggs George Brett Jimmy Collins Ray Dandridge Judy Johnson George Kell Freddie Lindstrom Edgar Martínez Eddie Mathews John McGraw Paul Molitor Brooks Robinson Mike Schmidt Pie Traynor Jud Wilson Ron Santo Chipper Jones Brooks Robinson – 16 Mike Schmidt – 10 Scott Rolen – 8 Eric Chavez – 6 Robin Ventura – 6 Buddy Bell – 6 Ken Boyer – 5 Doug Rader – 5 Ron Santo – 5 Nolan Arenado – 5 Gary Gaetti – 4 Adrián Beltré – 4 Matt Williams – 4 Frank Malzone – 3 Evan Longoria – 3 David Wright – 2 Wade Boggs – 2 Graig Nettles – 2 Manny Machado – 2 Graig Nettles: 412 Graig Nettles: 410 Brooks Robinson: 410 Brooks Robinson: 405 Harlond Clift: 405 Mike Schmidt: 404 Doug DeCinces: 399 Brandon Inge: 398 Clete Boyer: 396 Mike Schmidt: 396 Buddy Bell: 396 Denny Lyons: 255 Jimmy Williams: 251 Jimmy Collins: 251 Jimmy Collins: 243 Willie Kamm: 243 Willie Kamm: 236 Frank Baker: 233 Bill Coughlin: 232 Ernie Courtney: 229 Jimmy Austin: 228
Willy Taveras is a Dominican former professional baseball player. A center fielder, Taveras played in Major League Baseball for the Houston Astros, Colorado Rockies, Cincinnati Reds, Washington Nationals. Taveras played in 10 games at the end of the 2004 Astros season as a pinch runner. In 2005, he led the majors in infield hits, bunt hits, singles, was tops among rookies in runs and stolen bases, he hit.291. Taveras was the Astros' starting center fielder during his rookie season, replacing Carlos Beltrán, who signed with the New York Mets in the offseason. In Game 4 of the 2005 NLCS against the St. Louis Cardinals, he made a catch while running up Tal's Hill in Minute Maid Park's deep center field to end the 8th inning and preserve a 2-1 lead, he scored the winning run as a pinch-runner the inning before on a short sacrifice fly to center field. After the season, Taveras was voted National League Rookie of the Year by the players. In 2006, Taveras' batting average regressed to.278, though he again led the majors in bunt hits and had 33 stolen bases, but just 30 RBI.
Taveras had a 30-game hitting streak that ended August 29, 2006, during a game in which he was hit twice by Milwaukee Brewers pitcher Tomo Ohka. His streak is a franchise record, breaking the record of 25 held by Jeff Kent, he is the 42nd player in MLB history with a hit streak of 30-or-more games. On December 12, 2006, Taveras was traded along with Taylor Buchholz and Jason Hirsh by the Astros to the Colorado Rockies for Rockies pitchers Jason Jennings and Miguel Asencio. In 2007, Taveras hit.320, including an MLB leading 27 bunt singles, 2 home runs, 24 RBIs, 33 stolen bases, caught stealing 9 times. He was part of the World Series roster after making a big play in the NLCS vs the Arizona Diamondbacks; the Rockies were swept by the Red Sox. In a 22-inning game played between April 17–18, 2008, at Petco Park, Taveras set a Rockies' club record with 10 at-bats in the game, he led MLB with 68 stolen bases during the 2008 season, led the NL with 24 bunt hits. At the same time, his.296 slugging percentage was the lowest in the majors.
Defensively, however, he had the lowest fielding percentage of all major league center fielders.976. On December 12, 2008, the Rockies non-tendered Taveras. On December 27, 2008, Taveras signed a two-year deal worth $6.25 million with the Cincinnati Reds. In his debut with the Reds, he hit a pinch-hit triple in the 8th inning after being down with the flu for over a week. In 2009, Taveras had the lowest slugging percentage.285, the lowest on-base percentage.275, of all National League players with at least 350 plate appearances. On February 1, 2010, Taveras was traded along with Adam Rosales to the Oakland Athletics for Aaron Miles and a player to be named later, he was designated for assignment by Oakland. Taveras was granted free agency. On February 15, 2010, Taveras signed a minor league contract with the Washington Nationals with an invite to spring training, he played 27 games, on May 21, 2010 he was granted his unconditional release. On June 3, 2010, he signed a minor league contract with the Philadelphia Phillies.
He was assigned to Triple-A Lehigh Valley. On June 29, 2010, he was released after playing 23 games for the IronPigs, batting.208 in 96 AB's, with nine stolen bases. On August 15, 2010, Taveras signed a minor league deal with the Texas Rangers. On January 25, 2011, Taveras signed a minor league contract with the Colorado Rockies, he spent the 2011 season with the Rockies Triple-A affiliate Colorado Springs Sky Sox, batting.308 in 97 games with a.336 on-base percentage. Due to problems with the sports agency that represented him Taveras was out of American baseball for the entire 2012 season. On December 11, 2012, Taveras was signed to a minor league contract by the Kansas City Royals with an invitation to spring training. At the time of the signing Taveras was playing baseball in the Mexican Pacific League with the Yaquis de Obregón. Taveras signed with the Sugar Land Skeeters of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball for the 2015 season; this was Taveras first year in Independent Baseball.
On April 11, 2016, Taveras signed with the Pericos de Puebla of the Mexican Baseball League. On February 21, 2017, along with Chad Gaudin, Daric Barton, Nyjer Morgan, Manny Rodriguez, Rodolfo Amador, were traded to the Acereros de Monclova in exchange for RHP Joaquín Lara, he became a free agent following the 2017 season. Taveras has good skills for slap-hitting, his career-high in walks is 36. In addition, Taveras is an exceptionally poor power hitter, producing the lowest slugging percentage among all regular major league outfielders for both the 2005 and 2006 seasons, he has been clocked at 3.57 seconds from home to first as a right-handed hitter. Taveras has led the league in infield singles, his BABIP was.374 in 2007. 2005 Player's Choice Rookie of the Year. 2005 Sporting News Rookie of the Year Named to 2006 Dominican Republic World Baseball Classic team. 30 game hitting streak. List of Colorado Rockies team records List of Major League Baseball annual stolen base leaders List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference Warning: Template:Baseballstats cube= parameter should be
Rojos del Águila de Veracruz
The Rojos del Águila de Veracruz were a Triple-A level baseball team that played in the Mexican Baseball League of Minor League Baseball. They played their home games at the Estadio Universitario Beto Ávila in Veracruz. Baseball was introduced to Veracruz during the early 20th century by employees of American and British oil companies. Native employees began to take an interest in the games, played by the managers of these companies, who purchased uniforms for the new players; the uniforms they purchased were red, which had a lasting effect on future baseball teams in Veracruz. Mexican Eagle Petroleum Co. a Mexican oil company now known as Pemex, was the inspiration for the name of the first baseball club founded in Veracruz, the Rojos del Águila, founded on September 16, 1903. One of the original teams of the Mexican Baseball League, Águila won its first championship titles in 1937 and 1938, when the league was organized and began to keep statistics. Agustín Verde was the team's manager at the time.
Subsequent titles came in 1952 and 1961, both under The Kangaroo Santos Amaro's management, Enrique Izquierdo led the team to its fifth win in 1970. Their sixth win in 2012 was under manager Pedro Meré, "El Comemangos" They are one of the most recognized teams in the Mexican League. Águila played in the Veracruz Sports Park until 1986. When the team returned in 1992, it adopted Estadio Universitario Beto Ávila as the new headquarters; the Eagle won their first championship title in 1937, under Cuban Agustín Verde, in an official championship and inaugural Mexican Baseball League game. Martin Dihigo's outstanding performance, both on the pitching mound and in the batter's box, was a major contributing factor to their win; the team included field players Augustine "Pijini" Bejarano, Felino Cardenas Estaquillo Martinez, Martin "El Maestro" Dihigo, Francisco Medina, Alberto Cornejo, Nero Arjona, Donato "Toco" Aldama, Ramon Michelena, Antonio Tenorio, Julian Ramirez Pajón and Agustin Verde. Sabas Mora holds the win-loss record at 7-0 with an ERA of 2.09, Martin Dihigo is credited with winning the three games in a row needed to win the series.
In 1938, Dihigo led the team to a second title, again directed by Agustín Verde+. Dihigo reached a batting average of.387, swept the pitching department with 18 wins and 2 losses and an ERA of 0.90, with 184 strikeouts. The team consisted of field players Martin "El Maestro" Dihigo, Silvio Garcia, Jacinto Roque, Manuel Salvatierra, Nero Arjona, José Luis Gómez Rodríguez, Donato "Toco" Aldama, Raul "Chicalón" Mendez, Jorge Rosas, Alberto Cornejo, Amado Alvarez and Julian "Handjob" Ramirez; the third team title in the Mexican Baseball League was won with another Cuban, Santos "The Kangaroo" Amaro. In this campaign, Santos Amaro led the team to another title with the help of Rene Gonzalez, who achieved the highest batting average of.370, Peter "Charrascas" Ramirez, Mario Ariosa, Antonio Castanon, Charles White, Earl "Red Skin" Taborn, Guillermo "Huevito" Alvarez, Reynaldo Green, Gonzalo "The Blackout" Morales, Ricardo "Chamaco" Garza, Rafael "Chino" Lopez, Jaime "El Loco" Abad, Manuel Fuentes, Octavio Favela, Ernesto Cortes, Federico Cortes, Isidro Ortiz and Santos Amaro himself as field players.
In the pitching department, the top player in that season was William "Don Pants" Lopez, who won 19 games for 8 lost, a 2.94 ERA. Pitching importance followed with Lino Donoso, Guadalupe Ortegón, Fernando Sanchez, Pedro Ramirez and Hector Moreno Marín "Pepino" Azamar. Nine years elapsed before the Eagle Reds returned to winning a pennant Mexican Baseball League game in 1961, again under the leadership of Santos Amaro; this season, the magic came with "tremendous thumper" Alfred Pinkston joining the team from the Mexico City Red Devils, with solid work in the batting order, led the Eagle to conquer a new championship. Pinkston, according to his numbers and to those who were fortunate enough to see him play, was a tremendous player, he hit.374 that year, highlighted the work of the "explosive" Cuban Witremundo "Witti" Quintana, that year, was the champion of runs of in league with 23 homers. Important in this season were the following batters that were above a.300 percentage: Asdrubal Baro, Miguel "Pilo" Gaspar and William Berzunza, followed by below average "Magic" Felipe Montemayor, Ernesto "Natas" Garcia, Paul Bernard, Mario Ariosa, Ramiro Caballero, Witremundo Quintana, Ronaldo "Ronnie" Camacho, Mario Luna, Juan de Dios Hernández Esquivel and Felipe Villareal.
On the pitch, a "legend" was born, a pillar to achieving the team win that season was Ramon "Three Skates" Arano, who managed to earn a record of 11 wins and 3 losses, a 3.72 ERA. Following in his footsteps were Jesus Williams, Lino "Chucumite" Donoso, Silvio Castellanos, Rodolfo Alvaro, Guillermo Lopez, Aubrey Grigsbi, Pablo Montes de Oca, Lazaro Uscanga, Guillermo Vazquez, Pedro Julián Ladera, Montane; as if it were predestined, it was another 9 years. The Eagle Reds were directed once again by this time Enrique Izquierdo, they had important figures for sure, but overall it was an year as individual accomplishments go. To highlight the work of Cuban Rogelio "El Borrego" Alvarez, he had 33 runs, was the league champion in that department, batted a.288 percentage. There were three players who hit over.300 percentage: Emilio Sosa, Roberto "The Engineer" Ortiz and Rolando Camarero. Other hitte
Oklahoma City Dodgers
The Oklahoma City Dodgers are a Minor League Baseball team of the Pacific Coast League and the Triple-A affiliate of the Los Angeles Dodgers. They are located in Oklahoma City and play their home games at Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark which opened in 1998 in the city's Bricktown entertainment district; the team was known as the Oklahoma City 89ers from 1962 to 1997 when the team played at the now-demolished All Sports Stadium at the state fairgrounds. It first competed in the Triple-A American Association in 1962, moved to the PCL from 1963 to 1968, returned to the AA from 1969 to 1997. After the league disbanded, they became known as the Oklahoma RedHawks, they were called the Oklahoma City RedHawks from 2009 to 2014 before taking on the moniker of their major league affiliate in 2015. Oklahoma City has won four league championships; the 89ers won the PCL championship in 1963 and 1965 as the Triple-A affiliate of the Houston Colt.45s/Astros. They won the American Association championship in 1992 and 1996 with the Texas Rangers.
Oklahoma City has been home to professional baseball for all but a few years since 1904, when the Metropolitans were established as the city's first team. Oklahoma City's teams and names have changed numerous times since; the team became known as the Indians in 1909 before returning to the original Mets name in 1910 and reverting again to the Indians name in 1911. Oklahoma City was home to the Senators in 1912. After one year without a baseball team, Oklahoma City's squad became the Boosters in 1914; the Senators name returned from 1915 to 1916, but the Boosters name came back in 1917. The Oklahoma City Indians name returned in 1918 and the team name stuck until 1957. Oklahoma City's current baseball franchise began competing in 1962 as the Oklahoma City 89ers following a four-year period without professional baseball in the area; the franchise's original name made reference to the Land Run of 1889, which led to the founding of Oklahoma City. After the Houston Buffaloes of the American Association were purchased for territorial rights by the Houston Colt.45s of the National League, the big league club decided to move the Buffs elsewhere.
In July 1961, Spec Richardson, general manager of the Buffs, met with Oklahoma City officials and boosters, agreed to move the team. After a unanimous approval from the American Association's board of directors, the current franchise began play in 1962 as the top affiliate of the Houston Colt.45s. The Astros sold the team to Tulsa businessman, P. C. Dixon, in November 1970. In 1973, a three-year connection with the Cleveland Indians was established. A affiliation with the Philadelphia Phillies lasted from 1976 until 1982. In 1983, the Texas Rangers became the parent club, a relationship that would continue as the 89ers adopted new colors and uniforms along with the nickname "RedHawks" in 1998; the city's first professional baseball name change in 35 years corresponded with the team's move to its current home, Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark, with the team's return to the Pacific Coast League in 1998. The team was renamed the RedHawks after the red-tailed hawk, a bird of prey seen throughout Oklahoma.
When announcing the new name, team officials noted the raptor's four-foot wingspan and migration patterns, which always return the bird to Oklahoma. A hawk is part of the state's official song. Prior to the 2009 season, the team once again named itself after its home city; the minor renaming was accompanied by a new color scheme. The team's name change to the Oklahoma City RedHawks was made to honor Oklahoma City citizens who paid for the ballpark through a temporary one-cent sales tax to fund the Metropolitan Area Projects Plan or MAPS. On September 14, 2010, the Texas Rangers ownership announced that they were moving their Triple-A affiliation to the Round Rock Express. On September 15, the RedHawks were sold to Mandalay Baseball Properties, which owns or operates four other Minor League Baseball teams, is part of the Mandalay Entertainment conglomerate chaired by entertainment industry executive Peter Guber. On September 20, Mandalay entered into a formal agreement for the RedHawks to become the Astros' new Triple-A affiliate.
After the 2014 season, the RedHawks announced the sale of the franchise to a partnership between Mandalay Entertainment Chairman and CEO Peter Guber, other current principals of Mandalay Baseball Properties, Jason Sugarman, the Los Angeles Dodgers. As a result of the purchase agreement, the RedHawks became the Triple-A affiliate of the Dodgers in 2015 and were renamed after their parent club, becoming the Oklahoma City Dodgers. Pitchers Dustin Nippert and Luis Mendoza recorded the two no-hitters in team history. Nippert recorded the RedHawks' first no-hitter on June 29, 2008, at Johnny Rosenblatt Stadium in Omaha, Nebraska against the Omaha Royals; the Redhawks won the seven-inning game, the first of a doubleheader, 2–0. Nippert walked two batters and struck out five in the first Oklahoma City professional baseball no-hitter since August 13, 1996, when Rick Helling recorded a perfect game for the 89ers). Mendoza pitched the team's first nine-inning no-hitter on August 14, 2009, against the Salt Lake Bees at Bricktown Ballpark.
He threw 125 pitches, including 74 for strikes. He walked six and struck out six batters in the 5–0 win.|Six players have hit three home runs in a single game. Adrian Gonzalez became the first to accomplish the offensive feat on May 2005, at Albuquerque, he went 3-for-4 with five RBI. All three of Nelson Cruz's hits on July 19, 2008, against Memphis were home runs, he went 3-for-5 with five RBI in the gam
José Alberto Pujols Alcántara is a Dominican-American professional baseball first baseman and designated hitter for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball. He played 11 seasons for the St. Louis Cardinals, with whom he was a three-time National League Most Valuable Player and nine-time All-Star, he made his 10th All-Star appearance with the Angels in 2015. A right-handed batter and thrower, Pujols weighs 235 pounds. Pujols was born in the Dominican Republic and moved to the United States in 1996. After one season of college baseball, he was selected by the Cardinals in the 13th round of the 1999 MLB draft; as a rookie for the Cardinals in 2001, he was unanimously voted the NL Rookie of the Year. Pujols played for the Cardinals, contributing to two World Series championships in 2006 and 2011. After the 2011 season, Pujols signed a 10-year contract with the Angels. Pujols was at the height of his career a regarded hitter who showed a "combination of contact hitting ability and raw power."
He is a six-time Silver Slugger who has twice led the NL in home runs, he has led the NL once each in batting average, doubles and RBI. He is above-average in career regular season batting average, walk rate and Isolated Power, he holds the MLB all-time record for most times grounded into a double play. With 14 seasons of 100 or more RBI produced, he is tied with Alex Rodriguez for the most in MLB history. Pujols got his 3,000 th career hit in 2018. Pujols became the fourth member of the 3,000-hit club to hit 600 home runs, joining Willie Mays, Hank Aaron, Alex Rodriguez in this exclusive club, he is a strong future candidate for the Hall of Fame. Pujols was raised in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic by his grandmother, America Pujols, 10 of his uncles and aunts, he was an only child. His father, Bienvenido Pujols, was a softball pitcher, but he was an alcoholic. Albert had to take his father home when his father got drunk following the games. Growing up, Pujols practiced baseball using a milk carton for a glove.
Pujols, his father and his grandmother immigrated in 1996 to New York City, where Albert witnessed a shooting at a grocery store. Because of the shooting, they moved to Independence, two months to join some relatives. Pujols played baseball at Fort Osage High School in Independence and was named an All-State athlete twice; as a senior, he was walked 55 times in protest because opposing coaches believed he was older than 18, but he still hit eight home runs in 33 at bats. One of his home runs travelled 450 feet. After graduating from high school a semester early in December 1998, he was given a baseball scholarship to Maple Woods Community College. Pujols hit a grand slam and turned an unassisted triple play in the first game of his only college season. Playing shortstop, he batted.461 with 22 home runs as a freshman before deciding to enter the Major League Baseball draft. Few teams were interested in Pujols because of uncertainty about his age, which position he would play, his build. Tampa Bay Rays scout Fernando Arango recommended that his team sign Pujols, quit his job when Tampa Bay failed to do so.
Pujols was not drafted until the 13th round of the 1999 Major League Baseball Draft, when the St. Louis Cardinals selected him with the 402nd overall pick. Pujols turned down a $10,000 bonus and spent the summer playing for the Hays Larks of the Jayhawk Collegiate League; when the Cardinals increased their bonus offer to $60,000, he signed. Pujols began his minor league career in 2000 playing third base with the Peoria Chiefs of the single-A Midwest League, he batted.324 in 109 games. He finished second in the league in batting, tied for ninth in doubles, tied for fourth in triples, tied for sixth in home runs and sixth in RBI, he was named to the All-Star team. Pujols played 21 games with the Potomac Cannons in the high-A Carolina League that year, batting.284 with 23 hits, eight doubles, one triple, two home runs and 10 RBI. He finished the 2000 season with the Memphis Redbirds in the AAA Pacific Coast League, after appearing in three regular season games with them, he batted.367 in the playoffs and was named the postseason Most Valuable Player as the Redbirds won their first PCL title.
During spring training in 2001, incumbent first baseman Mark McGwire said to Cardinals manager Tony La Russa that if he did not promote Pujols to the major league roster, "it might be one of the worst moves you make in your career." La Russa recounted the "myth" that Pujols only made the Opening Day roster in 2001 because Bobby Bonilla was injured. According to La Russa, he and the rest of Cardinals management were impressed enough by Pujols that they decided to promote him to the big league club before Bonilla's injury. Although the team did not require Pujols to fill any particular position, the Cardinals activated him to the Opening Day roster, he started all season at either third base, right field, left field, or first base. On Opening Day against the Colorado Rockies on April 2, he recorded his first career hit, a single against pitcher Mike Hampton in an 8–0 loss. Four days lat
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat; the objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner advances around the bases in order and touches home plate; the team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner. The first objective of the batting team is to have a player reach first base safely. A player on the batting team who reaches first base without being called "out" can attempt to advance to subsequent bases as a runner, either or during teammates' turns batting; the fielding team tries to prevent runs by getting batters or runners "out", which forces them out of the field of play.
Both the pitcher and fielders have methods of getting the batting team's players out. The opposing teams switch forth between batting and fielding. One turn batting for each team constitutes an inning. A game is composed of nine innings, the team with the greater number of runs at the end of the game wins. If scores are tied at the end of nine innings, extra innings are played. Baseball has no game clock. Baseball evolved from older bat-and-ball games being played in England by the mid-18th century; this game was brought by immigrants to North America. By the late 19th century, baseball was recognized as the national sport of the United States. Baseball is popular in North America and parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, East Asia in Japan and South Korea. In the United States and Canada, professional Major League Baseball teams are divided into the National League and American League, each with three divisions: East and Central; the MLB champion is determined by playoffs. The top level of play is split in Japan between the Central and Pacific Leagues and in Cuba between the West League and East League.
The World Baseball Classic, organized by the World Baseball Softball Confederation, is the major international competition of the sport and attracts the top national teams from around the world. A baseball game is played between two teams, each composed of nine players, that take turns playing offense and defense. A pair of turns, one at bat and one in the field, by each team constitutes an inning. A game consists of nine innings. One team—customarily the visiting team—bats in the top, or first half, of every inning; the other team -- customarily the home team -- bats in second half, of every inning. The goal of the game is to score more points than the other team; the players on the team at bat attempt to score runs by circling or completing a tour of the four bases set at the corners of the square-shaped baseball diamond. A player bats at home plate and must proceed counterclockwise to first base, second base, third base, back home to score a run; the team in the field attempts to prevent runs from scoring and record outs, which remove opposing players from offensive action until their turn in their team's batting order comes up again.
When three outs are recorded, the teams switch roles for the next half-inning. If the score of the game is tied after nine innings, extra innings are played to resolve the contest. Many amateur games unorganized ones, involve different numbers of players and innings; the game is played on a field whose primary boundaries, the foul lines, extend forward from home plate at 45-degree angles. The 90-degree area within the foul lines is referred to as fair territory; the part of the field enclosed by the bases and several yards beyond them is the infield. In the middle of the infield is a raised pitcher's mound, with a rectangular rubber plate at its center; the outer boundary of the outfield is demarcated by a raised fence, which may be of any material and height. The fair territory between home plate and the outfield boundary is baseball's field of play, though significant events can take place in foul territory, as well. There are three basic tools of baseball: the ball, the bat, the glove or mitt: The baseball is about the size of an adult's fist, around 9 inches in circumference.
It wound in yarn and covered in white cowhide, with red stitching. The bat is a hitting tool, traditionally made of a solid piece of wood. Other materials are now used for nonprofessional games, it is a hard round stick, about 2.5 inches in diameter at the hitting end, tapering to a narrower handle and culminating in a knob. Bats used by adults are around 34 inches long, not longer than 42 inches; the glove or mitt is a fielding tool, made of padded leather with webbing between the fingers. As an aid in catching and holding onto the ball, it takes various shapes to meet the specific needs of differ
The Cleveland Indians are an American professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The Indians compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League Central division. Since 1994, they have played at Progressive Field; the team's spring training facility is at Goodyear Ballpark in Arizona. Since their establishment as a major league franchise in 1901, the Indians have won two World Series championships: in 1920 and 1948, along with 10 Central Division titles and six American League pennants; the Indians' current World Series championship drought is the longest active drought. The name "Indians" originated from a request by club owner Charles Somers to baseball writers to choose a new name to replace "Cleveland Naps" following the departure of Nap Lajoie after the 1914 season; the name referenced the nickname "Indians", applied to the Cleveland Spiders baseball club during the time when Louis Sockalexis, a Native American, played in Cleveland. Common nicknames for the Indians include the "Tribe" and the "Wahoos", the latter being a reference to their former logo, Chief Wahoo.
The team's mascot is named "Slider." The franchise originated in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1894 as the Grand Rapids Rustlers, a minor league team that competed in the Western League. The team relocated to Cleveland in 1900 and changed its name to the Cleveland Lake Shores; the Western League itself changed its name to the American League while continuing its minor league status. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the major league incarnation of the club was founded in Cleveland in 1901. Called the Cleveland Bluebirds, the team played in League Park until moving permanently to Cleveland Stadium in 1946. At the end of the 2018 season, they had a regular season franchise record of 9,384–8,968. From August 24 to September 14, 2017, the Indians won 22 consecutive games, the longest winning streak in American League history. "In 1857 baseball games were a daily spectacle in Cleveland's Public Squares. City authorities tried to find an ordinance forbidding it, to the joy of the crowd, they were unsuccessful.
– Harold Seymour" 1865–1868 Forest Citys of Cleveland 1869–1872 Forest Citys of Cleveland From 1865 to 1868 Forest Citys was an amateur ball club. During the 1869 season, Cleveland was among several cities which established professional baseball teams following the success of the 1869 Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional team. In the newspapers before and after 1870, the team was called the Forest Citys, in the same generic way that the team from Chicago was sometimes called The Chicagos. In 1871 the Forest Citys joined the new National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, the first professional league. Two of the league's western clubs went out of business during the first season and the Chicago Fire left that city's White Stockings impoverished, unable to field a team again until 1874. Cleveland was thus the year the club folded. Cleveland played their full schedule to July 19 followed by two games versus Boston in mid-August and disbanded at the end of the season. 1879–1881 Cleveland Forest Citys 1882–1884 Cleveland BluesIn 1876, the National League supplanted the NA as the major professional league.
Cleveland were not among its charter members, but by 1879 the league was looking for new entries and the city gained an NL team. The Cleveland Forest Citys baseball team was re-created; the National League required distinct colors for the 1882 season, so the Cleveland Forest Citys became the Cleveland Blues. They had a mediocre record for six seasons and were ruined by a trade war with the Union Association in 1884, when its three best players jumped to the UA after being offered higher salaries. Cleveland Blues merged with the St. Louis Maroons UA team in 1885. 1887–1899 Cleveland Spiders — nickname "Blues"Cleveland went without major league baseball for two seasons until gaining a team in the American Association in 1887. After the AA's Allegheny club jumped to the NL Cleveland followed suit in 1889, as the AA began to crumble; the Cleveland ball club, named the Spiders became a power in the league. The next year the Spiders moved into League Park, which would serve as the home of Cleveland professional baseball for the next 55 years.
Led by native Ohioan Cy Young, the Spiders became a contender in the mid-1890s, when they played in the Temple Cup Series twice, winning it in 1895. The team began to fade after this success, was dealt a severe blow under the ownership of the Robison brothers Prior to the 1899 season, Frank Robison, the Spiders owner, bought the St. Louis Browns, thus owning two clubs at the same time; the Browns were renamed the "Perfectos", restocked with Cleveland talent. Just weeks before the season opener, most of the better Spiders players were transferred to St. Louis, including three future Hall of Famers: Cy Young, Jesse Burkett and Bobby Wallace; the roster maneuvers failed to create a powerhouse Perfectos team, as St. Louis finished fifth in both 1899 and 1900; the Spiders were left with a minor league lineup, began to lose games at a record pace. Drawing no fans at home, they ended up playing most of their season on the road, became known as "The Wanderers." The team ended the season in 12th place, 84 games out of first place, with an all-time worst record of 20-134.
Following the 1899 season, the National League disbanded four teams, including the Cleveland franchise. The disastrous 1899 season would be a step toward a new future for Cleveland fans