Quogue, New York
Quogue is an incorporated village in Suffolk County, New York, United States, in the Town of Southampton, on the South Shore of Long Island. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 967, down from 1,018 at the 2000 census; the area includes the Quogue Historic District. Quogue is located at 40°49′22″N 72°36′5″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.0 square miles, of which 4.2 square miles is land and 0.77 square miles, or 15.57%, is water. The break outside the Quogue Beach Club is regarded as one of the best right hand breaks in the entire world, in both consistency and quality, in season; the following demographic information applies to the permanent residents of Quogue and not to summer residents: As of the census of 2010, there were 967 people and 424 households residing in the village. The population density was 191.2 people per square mile. There were 1,623 housing units; the racial makeup of the village was 888 persons that were White, 17 that were African American, 2 that were Native American, 10 that were Asian, 19 that were other races, 31 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.38% of the population. There were 424 households out of which 164 had children under the age of 18 living with them. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.75. In the village, the population was spread out with 164 under the age of 18, 34 from 18 to 24, 227 from 25 to 44, 293 from 45 to 64, 238 who were 65 years of age or older. Alfred Thayer Mahan, U. S. Rear Admiral and historian Arthur Laurents and screenwriter: West Side Story, The Way We Were, Gypsy Michael Forbes, U. S. congressman from 1995-2001 Joy Mangano, entrepreneur Kate French, actress who has appeared on The L Word Dan Jiggetts, retired American football offensive lineman for the Chicago Bears John Q. Kelly, lawyer Teo Macero, jazz saxophonist and record producer Marc Dreier and fraudster Eli Manning, American football quarterback a.k.a. QB for the New York Giants Roger Rosenblatt, writer Budd Schulberg and screenwriter Jim Cramer, CNBC Financial Guru Michael J Fox actor Laura Branigan and actor Media related to Quogue, New York at Wikimedia Commons Quogue, New York Flags
Doris Day is an American actress and animal welfare activist. After she began her career as a big band singer in 1939, her popularity increased with her first hit recording "Sentimental Journey". After leaving Les Brown & His Band of Renown to embark on a solo career, she recorded more than 650 songs from 1947 to 1967, which made her one of the most popular and acclaimed singers of the 20th century. Day's film career began during the latter part of the Classical Hollywood Film era with the 1948 film Romance on the High Seas, its success sparked her twenty-year career as a motion picture actress, she starred in a series of successful films, including musicals and dramas. She played the title role in Calamity Jane, starred in Alfred Hitchcock's The Man Who Knew Too Much with James Stewart, her most successful films were the bedroom comedies she made co-starring Rock Hudson and James Garner, such as Pillow Talk and Move Over, respectively. She co-starred in films with such leading men as Clark Gable, Cary Grant, David Niven, Rod Taylor.
After her final film in 1968, she went on to star in the CBS sitcom The Doris Day Show. She was one of the top ten singers between 1951 and 1966; as an actress, she became the biggest female film star in the early 1960s, ranked sixth among the box office performers by 2012. In 2011, she released her 29th studio album, My Heart, which became a UK Top 10 album featuring new material. Among her awards, Day has received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Legend Award from the Society of Singers. In 1960, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress, in 1989 was given the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures. In 2004, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush followed in 2011 by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association's Career Achievement Award, she is one of the last surviving stars of the Golden Age of Hollywood. Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff was born on April 3, 1922, in Cincinnati, the daughter of Alma Sophia, a housewife, William Joseph Kappelhoff, a music teacher and choir master.
All of her grandparents were German immigrants. For most of her life, Day believed she had been born in 1924 and reported her age accordingly; the youngest of three siblings, she had two older brothers: Richard and Paul, two to three years older. Due to her father's alleged infidelity, her parents separated, she developed an early interest in dance, in the mid-1930s formed a dance duo with Jerry Doherty that performed locally in Cincinnati. A car accident on October 13, 1937, injured her right leg and curtailed her prospects as a professional dancer. While recovering from an auto accident, Day started to sing along with the radio and discovered a talent she did not know she had. Day said: "During this long, boring period, I used to while away a lot of time listening to the radio, sometimes singing along with the likes of Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Tommy Dorsey, Glenn Miller, but the one radio voice I listened to above others belonged to Ella Fitzgerald. There was a quality to her voice that fascinated me, I'd sing along with her, trying to catch the subtle ways she shaded her voice, the casual yet clean way she sang the words."Observing her daughter sing rekindled Alma's interest in show business, she decided Doris should have singing lessons.
She engaged Grace Raine. After three lessons, Raine told Alma that young Doris had "tremendous potential". Years Day said that Raine had the biggest effect on her singing style and career. During the eight months she was taking singing lessons, Day had her first professional jobs as a vocalist, on the WLW radio program Carlin's Carnival, in a local restaurant, Charlie Yee's Shanghai Inn. During her radio performances, Day first caught the attention of Barney Rapp, looking for a girl vocalist and asked if Day would like to audition for the job. According to Rapp, he had auditioned about 200 singers. While working for Rapp in 1939, she adopted the stage surname "Day", at Rapp's suggestion. Rapp felt that "Kappelhoff" was too long for marquees, he admired her rendition of the song "Day After Day". After working with Rapp, Day worked with bandleaders Jimmy James, Bob Crosby, Les Brown. While working with Brown, Day scored her first hit recording, "Sentimental Journey", released in early 1945, it soon became an anthem of the desire of World War II demobilizing troops to return home.
This song is still associated with Day, she rerecorded it on several occasions, including a version in her 1971 television special. During 1945–46, Day had six other top ten hits on the Billboard chart: "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time", "'Tain't Me", "Till The End of Time", "You Won't Be Satisfied", "The Whole World is Singing My Song", "I Got the Sun in the Mornin'". In the 1950s she became one of the highest paid singers in America. While singing with the Les Brown band and for nearly two years on Bob Hope's weekly radio program, she toured extensively across the United States, her popularity as a radio performer and vocalist, which included a second hit record "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time", led directly to a career in films. In 1941, Day appeared as a singer in three Soundies with the Les Brown band, her performance of the
New Rochelle, New York
New Rochelle is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States, in the southeastern portion of the state. In 2007, the city had a population of 73,260, making it the seventh-largest in the state of New York; as of the 2010 Census, the city's population had increased to 77,062. In November 2008 Business Week magazine listed New Rochelle as the best city in New York State, one of the best places nationally, to raise children. In 2014, based on analysis of 550 U. S. cities, New Rochelle was voted the 13th best city to live in. The European settlement was started by refugee Huguenots in 1688, who were fleeing religious persecution in France after the revocation by the king of the Edict of Nantes. Many of the settlers were artisans and craftsmen from the city of La Rochelle, thus influencing the choice of the name of "New Rochelle"; some 33 families established the community of la Nouvelle-Rochelle in 1688. A monument containing the names of these settlers stands in Hudson Park, the original landing point of the Huguenots.
Thirty-one years earlier, the Siwanoy Indians, a band of Algonquian-speaking Lenape sold their land to Thomas Pell. In 1689 Pell deeded 6,100 acres for the establishment of a Huguenot community. Jacob Leisler is an important figure in the early histories of the nation, he arrived in America as a mercenary in the British army and became one of the most prominent merchants in New York. He was subsequently appointed acting-governor of the province, it was during this time that he acted on behalf of the Huguenots. Of all the Huguenot settlements in America founded with the intention of being distinctly French colonies, New Rochelle most conformed to the plans of its founders; the colony continued to attract French refugees until as late as 1760. The choice of name for the city reflected the importance of the city of La Rochelle and of the new settlement in Huguenot history and distinctly French character of the community. French was spoken, it was common practice for people in neighboring areas to send their children to New Rochelle to learn the language.
In 1775, General George Washington stopped in New Rochelle on his way to assume command of the Army of the United Colonies in Massachusetts. The British Army occupied sections of New Rochelle and Larchmont in 1776. Following British victory in the Battle of White Plains, New Rochelle became part of a "Neutral Ground" for General Washington to regroup his troops. After the Revolutionary War ended in 1784, patriot Thomas Paine was given a farm in New Rochelle for his service to the cause of independence; the farm, totaling about 300 acres, had been confiscated from its owners by state of New York due to their Tory activities. The first national census of 1790 shows New Rochelle with 692 residents. 136 were African American, including 36 who were the remainder slaves. Through the 18th century, New Rochelle had remained a modest village that retained an abundance of agricultural land. During the 19th century, New York City was a destination from the mid-century on by waves of immigration, principally from Ireland and Germany.
More established American families moved into this area. Although the original Huguenot population was shrinking in relative size, through ownership of land, businesses and small manufactures, they retained a predominant hold on the political and social life of the town; the 1820 Census showed 150 African-Americans residing in New Rochelle, six of whom were still slaves. The state abolished slavery by degrees: children of slave mothers were born free, all slaves were freed by 1827. In 1857 the Village of New Rochelle was established within the borders of the Town of New Rochelle. A group of volunteers created the first fire service in 1861. In 1899, a bill creating the New Rochelle City Charter was signed by Governor Theodore Roosevelt, it was through this bill that the Village and Town of New Rochelle were joined into one municipality. In 1899, Michael J. Dillon narrowly defeated Hugh A. Harmer to become New Rochelle's first mayor; the established city charter designated a board of aldermen as the legislative unit with two members to be elected from each of four wards and 10 elected from the city at-large.
By 1900 New Rochelle had a population of 14,720. Throughout the city, farms and wooded homesteads were bought up by realty and development companies. Planned residential neighborhoods such as Rochelle Park, one of the first planned communities in the country, soon spread across the city, earning New Rochelle the sobriquet "City of Homes". In 1909, Edwin Thanhouser established Thanhouser Film Corporation. Thanhouser's Million Dollar Mystery was one of the first serial motion pictures. In 1923, New Rochelle resident Anna Jones became the first African-American woman to be admitted to the New York State Bar. Poet and resident James J. Montague captured the image of New Rochelle in his 1926 poem "Queen City of the Sound".: No stern and rock bound coast is here, peaceful and at ease The quiet sea lies blue and clear Beside the spreading trees. Afar from din of marts and mills A happy people dwell Among the placid, green clad hills Of lovely New Rochelle... When Nature, seeking upon men To cast a magic spell, She looked the world around – and She fashioned New Rochelle.
In 1930, New Rochelle recorded a population of 54,000, up from 36,213 only ten years earlier. During the 1930s, New Rochelle was the wealthiest city per capita in New York state and the third wealthiest in the country. By the end of the century, the Metro North railroad station was rebuilt along with a $190 million entertainment complex, nicknamed New Roc City, which fe
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
War Eagle is a battle cry, yell, or motto of Auburn University and supporters of Auburn University sports teams the Auburn Tigers football team. War Eagle is a salutation among the Auburn Family, it is the title of the university's fight song and the name of the university's golden eagle. The widespread use of "War Eagle" by Auburn devotees has led to outside confusion as to Auburn's official mascot. However, the official mascot of Auburn University is Aubie the Tiger, all Auburn athletic teams, men's and women's, are nicknamed the Tigers. Auburn has never referred to any of its athletic teams as the "Eagles" or "War Eagles." The university's official response to the confusion between the Tigers mascot and the War Eagle battle cry is, "We are the Tigers who say'War Eagle.'" Since 1930, continuously since 1960, Auburn has kept a live golden eagle on campus. Since 2001 Auburn has presented an untethered eagle to fly over Jordan-Hare stadium prior to the start of football games. War Eagle VII, a golden eagle named Nova, along with Spirit, a bald eagle, perform the War Eagle Flight before all Auburn home games at Jordan–Hare Stadium.
As early as 1916, the Columbus, Georgia Daily Enquirer mentioned "War Eagle" as an Auburn battle cry. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, "War Eagle" appeared from time to time in the United States as an evocative nickname for people and things such as Native Americans. S. civil war mascot. There are several stories about the origin of the battle cry. One of these is a mythical story published in 1959 in the Auburn Plainsman, conceived by its editorial page editor, Jim Phillips; this myth is detailed below under War Eagle I. A 1914 football game against the Carlisle Indians provides another myth. According to this story, there was a lineman/tackle named Bald Eagle on the Indians' team. Attempting to exhaust that player, Auburn's team began running multiple plays directly at his position. Without huddling, the Auburn quarterback Lucy Hairston would yell "Bald Eagle," letting the rest of the team know that the play would be run at the tackle. Spectators, thought the quarterback was saying "War Eagle," and began to chant that.
Another legend claims that "War Eagle" was the name given to the large golden eagle by the Plains Indians because the eagle furnished feathers for use in their war bonnets. According to a 1998 article in the Auburn Plainsman, the most origin of the "War Eagle" cry grew from a 1913 pep rally at Langdon Hall, where students had gathered the day before the annual football game against the University of Georgia. Cheerleader Gus Graydon told the crowd, "If we are going to win this game, we'll have to get out there and fight, because this means war." During the frenzy, another student, E. T. Enslen, dressed in his military uniform, noticed something had dropped from his hat. Bending down, he saw it was the metal emblem of an eagle that had come loose during his wild cheering. Someone asked him what he had found, Enslen loudly replied, "It's a War Eagle!" The new cry was used by students at the game the following day. Auburn has had seven numbered "War Eagle" birds, but the first of these only appeared in a legend about the history of the phrase "War Eagle".
The mythical War Eagle I has the most colorful story of all of the "War Eagle" eagles. War Eagle I's story begins in the Civil War. According to the legend, a soldier from Alabama during the Battle of the Wilderness came across a wounded young eagle; the bird was named Anvre, was cared for and nursed back to health by the soldier. Several years the soldier, a former Auburn student, returned to college as a faculty member, bringing the bird with him. For years both were a familiar sight at events. On the day of Auburn's first football game in 1892 against the University of Georgia, the aged eagle broke away from his master during the game and began to circle the field, exciting the fans, but at the end of the game, with Auburn victorious, the eagle died. In 2010, a children's book,"The War Eagle Story" by Francesca Adler-Baeder and illustrated by Tiffany Everett was published that favors this version of the story; this legend was published in the March 27, 1959, edition of the Auburn Plainsman and was conceived by editorial page editor Jim Phillips.
Though apocryphal, this tale is most told as the beginning of the association of "War Eagle" with Auburn. Phillips has pressed several recent presidents of Auburn to research the true origin of the battle cry "before my fictitious story gets carved in stone." Auburn's first real, live-eagle mascot, War Eagle II, was mentioned in the New York Times, which noted that "War Eagle" was established as Auburn's battle cry. In November 1930 a golden eagle swooped down on a flock of turkeys in Bee Hive, southwest of Auburn and became entangled in a mass of pea vines. Fourteen individuals and businesses scraped together $10 and purchased the eagle from the farmer who owned the pea patch. Cheerleaders DeWit Stier and Harry "Happy" Davis helped care for the new bird, it was put in a strong wire cage and taken to the Auburn football game against the University of South Carolina in Columbus, Georgia on Thanksgiving Day. Auburn, having not won a Southern Conference game in four seasons, was anticipated to lose.
However, Auburn took a 25-7 victory over the Gamecocks. The student body concluded that the luck from the eagle's presence—which had been absent from their prior losses—was responsible for the victory that day; the eagle was kept in a cage behind Alumni Hall
Mitchell William Miller was an American oboist, record producer and record industry executive. He was involved in all aspects of the industry as a conductor, artist and repertoire man. Miller was one of the most influential people in American popular music during the 1950s and early 1960s, both as the head of A&R at Columbia Records and as a best-selling recording artist with an NBC television series, Sing Along with Mitch. A graduate of the Eastman School of Music of the University of Rochester in the early 1930s, Miller began his musical career as an accomplished player of the oboe and English horn, making numerous regarded classical and popular recordings, but he is best remembered as a choral conductor on television and as a recordings executive. Miller was born to a Jewish family in Rochester, New York, on July 4, 1911, his mother was Hinda Rosenblum Miller, a former seamstress, his father, Abram Calmen Miller, a Russian-Jewish immigrant wrought-iron worker. He had four siblings, two of whom and Joseph, survived him.
Miller took up the oboe at first as a teenager, because it was the only instrument available when he went to audition for his junior high school orchestra. A talented oboist, at age fifteen he played with the Syracuse Symphony Orchestra and after graduating from East High School he attended the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, where he met and became a lifelong friend of his future boss Goddard Lieberson, who became President of the CBS music group in 1956. Along with other Eastman musicians he can be heard on the soundtrack of the 1933 Watson and Webber film Lot in Sodom. Alec Wilder was involved making the film. Miller graduated in 1932 with honors. After graduating from Eastman, Miller played with the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra and moved to New York City, where he was a member of the Alec Wilder Octet, as well as performing with David Mannes, Andre Kostelanetz, Percy Faith, George Gershwin, Charlie Parker, under Frank Sinatra's baton for the 1946 recording of "The Music of Alec Wilder".
Miller played the prominent English horn part in the Largo movement of Dvořák's New World Symphony in a famous 1947 recording conducted by Leopold Stokowski. Miller gave the American premiere of Richard Strauss's Oboe Concerto in a 1948 radio broadcast. Strauss had assigned rights to the premiere to John de Lancie, who gave him the idea for the concerto while stationed near Strauss's villa in Garmisch. However, since meeting the composer, de Lancie had won a section oboist position with the Philadelphia Orchestra, as a junior player to the orchestra's principal oboist Marcel Tabuteau was unable to fulfill Strauss's wishes. De Lancie gave the rights for the premiere to Miller; as part of the CBS Symphony, Miller participated in the musical accompaniment on the infamous 1938 radio broadcast of Orson Welles's Mercury Theater on the Air production of The War of the Worlds. Miller contributed oboe and English horn solos on the Norman Granz-produced "Charlie Parker With Strings" sessions released in 1950 on the Mercury label and reissued on CD by Verve.
Miller was the only other soloist on the sessions other than Parker. Miller joined Mercury Records as a classical music producer and served as the head of Artists and Repertoire at Mercury in the late 1940s, joined Columbia Records in the same capacity in 1950; this was a pivotal position in a recording company, because the A&R executive decided which musicians and songs would be recorded and promoted by that particular record label. He defined the Columbia style through the early 1960s, signing and producing many important pop standards artists for Columbia, including Johnnie Ray, Percy Faith, Ray Conniff, Jimmy Boyd, Johnny Mathis, Tony Bennett, Guy Mitchell, in a fortuitous business move for all, enticed both Patti Page and Frankie Laine to join him at Columbia after their early successes at Mercury. After arriving at Columbia, he helped direct the careers of artists who were signed to the label, such as Doris Day, Dinah Shore and Jo Stafford. Miller discovered Aretha Franklin and signed her to the first major recording contract of her career.
When Ahmet Ertegun of Atlantic Records promised her artistic freedom to create records outside the pop mainstream in a more rhythm-and-blues-driven direction, she left Columbia after five years. Miller disapproved of rock'n' roll—one of his contemporaries described his denunciation of it as "The Gettysburg Address of Music"—and passed not only on Elvis Presley and Buddy Holly, who became stars on RCA and Coral but on The Beatles, creating a fortune in revenue for rival Capitol. Miller had offered Presley a contract, but balked at the amount Presley's manager, Colonel Tom Parker, was asking. In defense of his anti-rock stance, he once told NME in January 1958: "Rock'n' roll is musical baby food: it is the worship of mediocrity, brought about by a passion for conformity." The one time that Miller was vetoed over his dislike for rock'n' roll was when Bill Paley ordered him to sign the inter-racial Mexican rock group Los Nómadas since they could record rock records in both English and Spanish.
Producer Bob Stanley had found the group during a series of early 1954 "Mexican civil rights concerts" in East Los Angeles. Their lead guitarist Bill Aken was the only Caucasian in the Latino band. Although Mitch had once referred to the group as just "four arrogant little bastards," Miller softened his position regarding them when Paley's estimate of their record sales in Mexico proved to be accurate, it was because of his recomme
Lyrics are words that make up a song consisting of verses and choruses. The writer of lyrics is a lyricist; the words to an extended musical composition such as an opera are, however known as a "libretto" and their writer, as a "librettist". The meaning of lyrics can either be implicit; some lyrics are abstract unintelligible, and, in such cases, their explication emphasizes form, articulation and symmetry of expression. Rappers can create lyrics that are meant to be spoken rhythmically rather than sung. "Lyric" derives via Latin lyricus from the adjectival form of lyre. It first appeared in English in the mid-16th century in reference, to the Earl of Surrey's translations of Petrarch and to his own sonnets. Greek lyric poetry had been defined by the manner in which it was sung accompanied by the lyre or cithara, as opposed to the chanted formal epics or the more passionate elegies accompanied by the flute; the personal nature of many of the verses of the Nine Lyric Poets led to the present sense of "lyric poetry" but the original Greek sense—words set to music—eventually led to its use as "lyrics", first attested in Stainer and Barrett's 1876 Dictionary of Musical Terms.
Stainer and Barrett used the word as a singular substantive: "Lyric, poetry or blank verse intended to be set to music and sung". By the 1930s, the present use of the plurale tantum "lyrics" had begun; the singular form "lyric" is still used to mean the complete words to a song by authorities such as Alec Wilder, Robert Gottlieb, Stephen Sondheim. However, the singular form is commonly used to refer to a specific line within a song's lyrics; the differences between poem and song may become less meaningful where verse is set to music, to the point that any distinction becomes untenable. This is recognised in the way popular songs have lyrics. However, the verse may pre-date its tune, or the tune may be lost over time but the words survive, matched by a number of different tunes. Possible classifications proliferate. Nursery rhymes may be songs, or doggerel: the term doesn't imply a distinction; the ghazal is a sung form, considered poetic. See rapping, roots of hip hop music. Analogously, verse drama might be judged as poetry, but not consisting of poems.
In Baroque music and their lyrics were prose. Rather than paired lines they consist of rhetorical sentences or paragraphs consisting of an opening gesture, an amplification, a close. For example: When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. - 1 Corinthians 13:11 In the lyrics of popular music a "shifter" is a word a pronoun, "where reference varies according to, speaking and where", such as "I", "you", "my", "our". For example, the "my" of "My Generation"? See RoyaltiesCurrently, there are many websites featuring song lyrics; this offering, however, is controversial, since some sites include copyrighted lyrics offered without the holder's permission. The U. S. Music Publishers' Association, which represents sheet music companies, launched a legal campaign against such websites in December 2005; the MPA's president, Lauren Keiser, said the free lyrics web sites are "completely illegal" and wanted some website operators jailed. Lyrics licenses could be obtained worldwide through one of the two aggregators: LyricFind and Musixmatch.
The first company to provide licensed lyrics was Yahoo! followed by MetroLyrics and Lyrics.com. More and more lyric websites are beginning to provide licensed lyrics, such as SongMeanings and LyricWiki. Many competing lyrics web sites are still offering unlicensed content, causing challenges around the legality and accuracy of lyrics. In the latest attempt to crack down unlicensed lyrics web sites a federal court has ordered LiveUniverse, a network of websites run by MySpace co-founder Brad Greenspan, to cease operating four sites offering unlicensed song lyrics. Lyrics can be studied from an academic perspective. For example, some lyrics can be considered a form of social commentary. Lyrics contain political and economic themes—as well as aesthetic elements—and so can communicate culturally significant messages; these messages implied through metaphor or symbolism. Lyrics can be analyzed with respect to the sense of unity it has with its supporting music. Analysis based on tonality and contrast are particular examples.
Former Oxford Professor of Poetry Christopher Ricks famously published Dylan's Visions of Sin, an in-depth and characteristically Ricksian analysis of the lyrics of Bob Dylan. A 2009 report published by McAfee found that, in terms of potential exposure to malware, lyrics-related searches and searches containing the word "free" are the most to have risky results from search engines, both in terms of average risk of all results, maximum risk o