Robert Bernard Altman was an American film director and producer. A five-time nominee of the Academy Award for Best Director and an enduring figure from the New Hollywood era, Altman was considered a "maverick" in making films with a naturalistic but stylized and satirical aesthetic, unlike most Hollywood films, he is ranked as one of the greatest and most influential filmmakers in American cinema. His style of filmmaking covered many genres, but with a "subversive" twist which relied on satire and humor to express his personal views. Altman developed a reputation for being "anti-Hollywood" and non-conformist in both his themes and directing style. However, actors enjoyed working under his direction because he encouraged them to improvise, thereby inspiring their own creativity, he preferred large ensemble casts for his films, developed a multitrack recording technique which produced overlapping dialogue from multiple actors. This produced a more natural, more dynamic, more complex experience for the viewer.
He used mobile camera work and zoom lenses to enhance the activity taking place on the screen. Critic Pauline Kael, writing about his directing style, said that Altman could "make film fireworks out of next to nothing."In 2006, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences recognized Altman's body of work with an Academy Honorary Award. He never won a competitive Oscar despite seven nominations, his films MASH, McCabe & Mrs. Miller, Nashville have been selected for the United States National Film Registry. Altman is one of three filmmakers whose films have won the Golden Bear at Berlin, the Golden Lion at Venice, the Golden Palm at Cannes. Altman was born on February 20, 1925, in Kansas City, the son of Helen, a Mayflower descendant from Nebraska, Bernard Clement Altman, a wealthy insurance salesman and amateur gambler, who came from an upper-class family. Altman's ancestry was German and Irish. Altman had a Catholic upbringing, but he did not continue to follow or practice the religion as an adult, although he has been referred to as "a sort of Catholic" and a Catholic director.
He was educated including Rockhurst High School, in Kansas City. He graduated from Wentworth Military Academy in Lexington, Missouri in 1943. In 1943, Altman joined the United States Army Air Forces at the age of 18. During World War II, Altman flew more than 50 bombing missions as a crewman on a B-24 Liberator with the 307th Bomb Group in Borneo and the Dutch East Indies. Upon his discharge in 1946, Altman moved to California, he worked in publicity for a company. He entered filmmaking on a whim, selling a script to RKO for the 1948 picture Bodyguard, which he co-wrote with George W. George. Altman's immediate success encouraged him to move to New York City, where he attempted to forge a career as a writer. Having enjoyed little success, in 1949 he returned to Kansas City, where he accepted a job as a director and writer of industrial films for the Calvin Company. In February 2012, an early Calvin film directed by Altman, Modern Football, was found by filmmaker Gary Huggins. Altman directed some 65 industrial films and documentaries before being hired by a local businessman in 1956 to write and direct a feature film in Kansas City on juvenile delinquency.
The film, titled The Delinquents, made for $60,000, was purchased by United Artists for $150,000, released in 1957. While primitive, this teen exploitation film contained the foundations of Altman's work in its use of casual, naturalistic dialogue. With its success, Altman moved from Kansas City to California for the last time, he co-directed The James Dean Story, a documentary rushed into theaters to capitalize on the actor's recent death and marketed to his emerging cult following. Altman's first forays into TV directing were on the DuMont drama series Pulse of the City, an episode of the 1956 western series The Sheriff of Cochise. After Alfred Hitchcock saw Altman's early features The Delinquents and The James Dean Story, he hired him as a director for his CBS anthology series Alfred Hitchcock Presents. After just two episodes, Altman resigned due to differences with a producer, but this exposure enabled him to forge a successful TV career. Over the next decade Altman worked prolifically in television directing multiple episodes of Whirlybirds, The Millionaire, U.
S. Marshal, The Troubleshooters, The Roaring 20s, Bus Stop, Kraft Mystery Theater, Combat!, as well as single episodes of several other notable series including Hawaiian Eye, Lawman, Surfside 6, Peter Gunn, Route 66. Through this early work on industrial films and TV series, Altman experimented with narrative technique and developed his characteristic use of overlapping dialogue, he learned to work and efficiently on a limited budget. Though he was fired from TV projects for refusing to conform to network mandates, as well as insisting on expressing political subtexts and antiwar sentiments during the Vietnam years, Altman always was able to land new assignments. In 1964, the producers decided to expand "Once Upon a Savage Night", one of his episodes of Kraft Suspense Theatre, for release as a TV movie under the title Nightmare in Chicago. Two years Altman was hired to direct the low-budget space travel feature Countd
Louis Édouard Joseph Braquaval was a French landscape and cityscape painter. He was born into a family of wealthy industrialists and married into another wealthy family, he established himself as an auctioneer, but his artistic sensibilities soon proved to be greater than his business sense. Thanks to the support of his father-in-law, he was able to pursue his interest in art and study with Eugène Boudin, a family friend, who had to start from scratch as Braquaval had not been taught how to draw when he was a child. In 1895, he bought a house in a popular area for painters at that time. Among those whose acquaintance he made was Edgar Degas, who became his good friend and painting companion, he did not begin exhibiting until 1907. In 1909 and 1910, he exhibited at the Salon d'Automne and returned to the Paris Salon four years after that. However, he established his reputation at regional exhibitions in Arras and Nantes, he became a Chevalier in the Légion d'honneur in 1914. By this time, he painted little.
His work was forgotten until a fiftieth anniversary retrospective was held at the Kaplan Gallery in London. Pierre Vasselle, Un paysagiste de l'époque post-impressionniste, Louis Braquaval, élève de Boudin, ami de Degas, Vieux-Papiers, Paris, 1961 Exhibition Catalog, Louis Braquaval: un peintre impressionniste en Picardie, édition du Musée Boucher-de-Perthes, 2000 Arcadja Auctions: More works by Braquaval Photograph of the Maison de Braquaval @ Panoramio
Warwick Hall is a large country house located on the banks of the River Eden at Warwick-on-Eden in Cumbria, United Kingdom. The original Warwick Hall was occupied by the Warwick family until it ceased to exist when Ann Warwick died unmarried in 1774; the Warwick family attended to by Benedictine priests who lived in the hall. The original hall was rebuilt in 1828. After the original hall was destroyed by fire in 1936 a new hall was constructed in the neo-Georgian style by John Laing & Son; the rebuilding was commissioned by Colonel Guy Elwes and the hall remained in the Elwes family until Mrs Aileen Elwes died in 1996. It is now a country house hotel. Ritchie, Berry; the Good Builder: The John Laing Story. James & James