Fred R. Zimmerman
Fred R. Zimmerman was a Republican politician from Milwaukee, who served as a state Assemblyman, 25th Governor of Wisconsin, Wisconsin Secretary of State, his son Robert C. Zimmerman was Wisconsin Secretary of State from 1957 until 1975. Zimmerman was born in Milwaukee, son of Charles E. Zimmerman and Augusta Fiesenhauser Zimmerman, grandson of German-American Forty-Eighters, his father was born in New York state and came to Milwaukee in 1875. His mother was born in Wisconsin of parents. Zimmerman's father, a molder, died when he was 5 and at an early age he began contributing to the support of his family by selling newspapers. After completing grammar school, he attended night school and held various jobs until he was 22, when he started the Bee Hive Dairy, distributing milk to Milwaukee residents, he left this job, after his marriage, to take a position as a traveling salesman with the Pfister & Vogel Leather Company, worked as a bookkeeper for a Milwaukee lumber firm. Zimmerman was elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly by six votes in 1908 in a three-way race, receiving 1703 votes on the Republican ticket to 1697 for Democrat Harry R. McLogan, 1159 for Socialist Gilbert H. Poor, to represent the 8th Milwaukee County district.
He was an active member of the Progressive faction of his party, but served only one term, losing the 1910 election in a four-way contest to Socialist James H. Vint with 1521 votes, to 1501 for Zimmerman, 143 for McLogan, 12 for Prohibitionist William H. Trout. In 1922, Zimmerman served two years on the Town Board, he received the Republican nomination and election as Wisconsin Secretary of State in 1922 and re-election in 1924 in a five-way race, earning a then-record 509,771 votes statewide. During this period he remained identified with the Progressive faction of the Republican Party; when the Progressives refused to endorse him in the gubernatorial election in 1926, Zimmerman ran in the Republican primary election as an "independent" against both Progressive and Stalwart candidates, as well as another "independent". Zimmerman won the Republican nomination and was elected by an absolute majority, outpolling Stalwart Perry, as well as the Democratic, Socialist and Socialist Labor candidates combined, with 350,927 votes out of 552,921.
In 1928 he was defeated for re-nomination, running a poor third to Stalwart Walter J. Kohler, Sr. and Progressive Congressman Joseph D. Beck. Thereafter he went into a political decline for several years holding a position in the Beverage Tax Commission in 1936. Zimmerman was nominated and elected Secretary of State on the Republican ticket in 1938 and served until his death, polling a larger vote at each subsequent election and in 1952 again received the highest total given any candidate for any office in the state. Zimmerman was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1916, 1920, 1924, 1940, 1944, he was attacked as a member of America First, but he denied membership therein, although he followed the isolationist position. He died in Milwaukee in 1954 just after again winning re-election as Secretary of State. "Former Governors of Wisconsin, 1848-1960: Fred R. Zimmerman" in Toepel, M. G.. The Wisconsin blue book, 1960 Madison: State of Wisconsin, 1960.
Velvalea Hortense Rodgers "Vel" Phillips was an American attorney, politician and Civil Rights activist, who served as an alderperson and judge in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and as Secretary of State of Wisconsin as the first woman and/or African-American in her position. She was the first African American woman to graduate from the University of Wisconsin Law School. Born Velvalea Hortense Rodgers on Milwaukee's South Side to Russell and Thelma Rodgers, she won a national scholarship to attend Howard University, where she received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1946, she returned to Wisconsin to attend the University of Wisconsin–Madison Law School, becoming the first black woman to graduate from that school. She and her husband became the first husband-and-wife couple to be admitted to the Wisconsin bar. In 1953, Phillips ran for a seat on the school board of the Milwaukee Public Schools, was the first black candidate to make it past the non-partisan citywide primary election, though she lost the runoff.
Both she and her husband became active locally in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in support of a city redistricting referendum. In 1956, Phillips became the first woman and the first African-American member of the Common Council in Milwaukee, she would remain the only woman and only black member of that body for many years to come. Phillips participated in nonviolent civil rights protests against discrimination in housing and employment during the 1960s. Phillips first proposed an ordinance in 1962 to outlaw housing discrimination. In 1968 the Milwaukee Common Council approved a desegregation law, only after a federal housing law was passed, she was arrested at a rally following the firebombing of an NAACP office, the only city official to be arrested during the "long hot summer" of 1967, bringing further national media attention to the city. Phillips resigned from the Common Council in 1971, when appointed to the judiciary, the first woman judge in Milwaukee County and the first African American judge in Wisconsin.
She lost her bid for reelection to the bench to a white candidate who made an issue of her involvement in protests and civil rights activities. She subsequently served as a lecturer at UW–Milwaukee and a visiting professor at Carroll College and UW–Madison Law School. In 1978, Phillips made history as the first woman and first non-white elected Secretary of State in Wisconsin. Incumbent Democratic Secretary of State Doug La Follette ran unsuccessfully for Lieutenant Governor and Phillips won the fractured nine-candidate Democratic primary with just 25.6%, though she did finish more than 10% ahead of the second-place candidate, Native American advocate and scholar Ada Deer. In the general election, she defeated Republican Frederic A. Seefeldt with 50.4% of the vote. During the absence of both the Governor and Lieutenant Governor, under Wisconsin law she served as Acting Governor. Although Phillips lost the Democratic primary in 1982, she was the highest-ranking woman to win state office in Wisconsin in the 20th century.
A lifelong Democrat, she was the first black person to be elected as a member of the National Committee of either of the major U. S. political parties. Since leaving office, Phillips remained active in the community, serving on the boards of the Wisconsin Conservatory of Music and America's Black Holocaust Museum. In 2002, Phillips was appointed "Distinguished Professor of Law" at the Marquette University School of Law, where she is reported to be producing a first-person memoir of Milwaukee's civil rights movement, she chaired the successful congressional campaign of Gwen Moore, Wisconsin's first African-American and Milwaukee's first female member of the United States House of Representatives. She served on the board of the Vel Phillips Foundation, a charitable foundation created in 2006, whose mission is "to help establish equality and opportunity for minorities through social justice, equal housing opportunities, jobs." In August 2011, the University of Wisconsin–Madison announced that it had renamed one of its residence halls for Phillips.
In March 2014, the Wisconsin Alumni Association awarded Phillips its Distinguished Alumni Award. Vel Phillips died in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on April 17, 2018. On August 7, 2018, North 4th Street along its entire length in Milwaukee was renamed Vel R. Phillips Avenue in her honor. Vel Phillips | Wisconsin Historical Society Bio of Phillips on foundation website CV from the 1979 Wisconsin Blue Book Political Graveyard bio Vel Phillips Foundation home page The March on Milwaukee Civil Rights History Project Vel Phillips: Dream Big Dreams Documentary produced by Wisconsin Public Television Vel Phillips at Find a Grave
Henry Casson was the Secretary of State for Wisconsin from 1895 until 1899. In 1899, at the start of the 56th United States Congress, he was selected by the Republican majority to serve as Sergeant at Arms of the United States House of Representatives, he served from December 4, 1899 until April 4, 1911 when Democrats took control of the chamber at the start of the 62nd United States Congress. Anderson, William J.. Anderson, William A. ed. The Wisconsin blue book, 1929. Madison, Wisconsin: Democrat Printing Company. P. 144. Retrieved 2008-08-23. Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau, ed.. "Chapter 8: Statistics". State of Wisconsin 2007–2008 Blue Book. Madison: Wisconsin Legislature Joint Committee on Legislative Organization. P. 721. ISBN 978-0-9752820-2-1. Retrieved 2008-08-23
James T. Lewis
James Taylor Lewis was an American lawyer and politician who served as the ninth Governor of Wisconsin. Lewis was born in Clarendon in Orleans County, New York, the third son of Shubael Lewis, a farmer and colonel in the New York State militia after the War of 1812, Eleanor Lewis, he had three brothers, William L. Lewis, Shubael R. Lewis, Hiram W Lewis, he taught school in the district schools around Clarkson. In 1842, he began the study of law with former New York lieutenant governor Henry R. Selden. In 1845 he moved to what is now Columbus, where he was admitted to the bar. Between 1846 and 1852, Lewis held the positions of district attorney and county judge and was elected to terms in both the Wisconsin State Assembly and the State Senate, he was a member or the Wisconsin Constitutional Convention of 1847–1848, representing Columbia County. Lewis was a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Columbus and served as Noble Grand of the Lodge in 1851, he served as the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin from 1854 to 1856, Wisconsin secretary of state from 1862 to 1864.
Nominated by the Union Republicans for governor, Lewis was elected and served as Governor of Wisconsin from January 6, 1864 until January 5, 1866. He was the last Wisconsin governor to hold the office during the Civil War, and was concerned during his tenure with providing sufficient troops for the Civil War and helping to protect them and their dependents. He visited troops in the field and helped establish hospitals in Wisconsin for the care of the wounded. Refusing renomination in 1865, he was offered a diplomatic post by President Lincoln, but chose instead to return to his law practice in Columbus. Lewis died in Columbus, Wisconsin, on August 4, 1904, he is interred at Hillside Cemetery, Columbia County, Wisconsin. His former home, now known as the Gov. James T. Lewis House, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Lewis married Orlina M. Sturgis and they had four children. Sobel, Robert. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789–1978, Volume IV. Meckler Books.
ISBN 978-0-930-46604-6. White, James Terry; the National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Volume XII. J. T. White. National Governors Association James T. Lewis at Find a Grave
John Catlin was an American lawyer, public official, officer within the railroad industry. Catlin served as acting governor of the Wisconsin Territory from June 23, 1848, until March 3, 1849. Born in Orwell, Catlin attended school at Shoreham, Vermont's Newton Academy, taught school for nine years. Catlin was practiced law. In 1836, he moved to Mineral Point in Wisconsin Territory, he became the postmaster of Madison in 1837. He was president of the Mississippi Railroad, which became part of the Milwaukee Road. Catlin served as a clerk of the Wisconsin Territorial Supreme Court and the Wisconsin Territorial House of Representatives, he was elected to the Wisconsin Territorial Council. He was the first district attorney of Dane County 1839–1843. Caitlin was a founder of the Wisconsin Historical Society, he was a member of the Democratic Party. Catlin was appointed the Secretary of Wisconsin Territory by President James Polk, served from February 24, 1846, to March 3, 1849. Catlin was named acting Governor of the Wisconsin Territory following Henry Dodge's term as governor.
Dodge ceased to be the governor of the Wisconsin Territory upon becoming a member of the United States Senate from Wisconsin. When the state of Wisconsin was admitted to the United States on May 29, 1848, part of the Wisconsin Territory was not included. John Catlin was acting governor of this part of the Wisconsin territory until the Minnesota Territory was organized on March 3, 1849, which included that part of the Wisconsin Territory; as acting governor, Catlin went to the present-day city of Stillwater, where he issued a proclamation for a special election for the delegate from the Wisconsin Territory. Henry Hastings Sibley was elected the Congressional Delegate from the Wisconsin Territory, as a result of the special election. Catlin was the final Governor of the Wisconsin Territory. John Catlin was the first Master of Madison Masonic Lodge Number 5, the first lodge to be formed in the city of Madison, Wisconsin, he became the Master of Lodge 5, January 10, 1845, was Master for two years.
Catlin's portrait hangs in the Mark Twain Room of the Madison Masonic Center at 301 Wisconsin Avenue in Madison. Catlin was Wisconsin's first lawyer, postmaster, he married Clarissa Bristol on September 19, 1843, they had one child, Lucia. Catlin died, on August 4, 1874, in Elizabeth, New Jersey, where he had retired to in 1863. "The Birth of Minnesota," William Lass, Minnesota Historical Society, Summer 1997 John Catlin at Find a Grave
Louis P. Harvey
Louis Powell Harvey was an American politician and the seventh Governor of Wisconsin. Harvey was born in East Haddam and moved with his family to Ohio in 1828, he attended Preparatory School. He worked as a teacher for a time, moved to Kenosha, Wisconsin named Southport, where he founded an academy. In Southport he edited a Whig newspaper, the Southport American. In 1847, Harvey married Cordelia Perrine and they moved to Clinton in Rock County, Wisconsin to the nearby hamlet of Shopiere, he helped organize the Republican Party and was a Republican member of the Wisconsin State Senate from 1854 to 1858, Wisconsin Secretary of State from 1860 to 1862, Wisconsin's governor in 1862. In April 1862, having served only a few months as governor, Harvey organized an expedition to bring medical supplies to Wisconsin troops, wounded in the Battle of Shiloh, who were being cared for in hospital boats on the Mississippi and Tennessee Rivers. Harvey visited and cheered troops at Cairo, Mound City and Paducah, Kentucky.
On April 19, 1862, close to Shiloh, Harvey stopped overnight near Tennessee. Late that evening, while trying to step from a tethered boat to a moving steamboat headed back north, Harvey fell into the Tennessee River and drowned, despite the strenuous rescue efforts of members of his party, his body was found 14 days 65 miles downstream. His wife Cordelia became a leading war nurse, honored with the rank of colonel by Abraham Lincoln, she subsequently established veterans hospitals in Wisconsin, away from the war front, a soldiers' orphans home. He is interred at Forest Hill Cemetery, Wisconsin. Lieutenant Governor Edward Salomon succeeded Harvey. Capsule biography - Wisconsin Historical Society Louis Powell Harvey bio - Second Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry website, from Military History of Wisconsin Governor Louis Harvey, Wisconsin State Historical Society Louis P. Harvey at Find a Grave
Governor of Wisconsin
The Governor of Wisconsin is the highest executive authority in the government of the U. S. state of Wisconsin. The position was first filled by Nelson Dewey on June 1848, the year Wisconsin became a state. Prior to statehood, there were four Governors of Wisconsin Territory; the current governor is Tony Evers, a Democrat who took office on January 7, 2019. The governor of Wisconsin is responsible for ensuring that the laws of Wisconsin are carried out, is required to "communicate to the legislature, at every session, the condition of the state, recommend such matters to them for their consideration as he may deem expedient."Any bill passed by the Wisconsin State Legislature must be presented to the governor, who either signs it into law, or vetoes it. In the event of a veto, the bill is returned the legislature, who may vote to override the veto. In 1930, the Wisconsin Constitution was amended to give the governor line-item veto power, which allows portions of appropriations bills to be struck out without rejecting the entire bill.
The partial veto may still be overridden by the legislature. In 1990 a further amendment specified that the line-item veto does not give the governor power to veto individual letters of appropriations bills, thereby forming new words; the governor is the commander-in-chief of the militia of the state. If it is deemed necessary, the governor may convene extraordinary sessions of the state legislature; the governor has the power to pardon or commute sentences or grant reprieves thereto, except in cases of treason or impeachment. In cases of treason, the governor may suspend the carrying out of the sentence until the next session of the legislature, who vote to grant a pardon, commutation or reprieve, or to carry out the sentence; the governor of Wisconsin is elected in a direct election—the candidate with the most votes becomes governor. In the event that two candidates receive an equal number of votes, higher than that received by any other candidate, the members of the state legislature vote between the two at their next session.
In order to be eligible for the office of governor of Wisconsin, a candidate must be a citizen of the United States and a qualified voter in the state of Wisconsin. Under the original Wisconsin Constitution, governors were elected for a term of two years. There is no limit to the number of terms; the governor may be removed from office through a recall election. An impeachment trial is carried out by the Wisconsin State Assembly, if a majority of its members agree to the impeachment. A governor may choose to resign from office. Four governors have resigned for various reasons, none have been removed from office through impeachment, although Arthur MacArthur, Sr. who, as lieutenant governor, became acting governor upon the resignation of William Barstow in 1856, was removed after the Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled that Barstow's opponent in the previous election, Coles Bashford, was the election's legitimate winner. In 2012, Scott Walker became the only governor in Wisconsin history to face a recall election.
He retained his seat, defeating Milwaukee mayor Tom Barrett by seven percentage points, a margin one point greater than that of the 2010 election, becoming the first governor in American history to survive a recall attempt. The state constitution specified that the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin were voted upon separately, but in 1967, the constitution was amended to state that they were elected together. Prior to this amendment, there were nine incidents in which the elected governor and lieutenant governor were not of the same political party; the state constitution only said that in the event of the impeachment, removal from office, resignation or absence of the governor, or in the event of the governor being unfit to serve due to illness, "the powers and duties of the office shall devolve upon the lieutenant governor" for the remainder of the term or until the governor is able to return to office. In 1979, the constitution was amended to specify that in the event of the governor's death, resignation or removal from office, the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the term, but in the event of impeachment, incapacitation or absence, the lieutenant governor becomes "acting governor" until the governor can return to his duties.
The original constitution specified that in any of the aforementioned events the Secretary of State would become governor if the lieutenant governorship was vacant, but after 1979 this provision, was amended to distinguish between "governor" and "acting governor." There have been 44 Governors of 45 individual governorships. One governor, Philip La Follette, served non-consecutive terms. Four parties have had their candidates elected governor: the Democratic, the Whig, the Republican and the Progressive; the longest-serving governor was Tommy Thompson, from January 5, 1987 until February 1, 2001, a total of 14 years and 28 days. Four governors have resigned: William Barstow due to fraud allegations, Robert La Follette, Sr. to take his seat in the United States Senate, Patrick Joseph Lucey to become Ambassador to Mexico, Tommy Thompson to become United States Secret