Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, the fifth-most populous city of Australia. In June 2017, Adelaide had an estimated resident population of 1,333,927. Adelaide is home to more than 75 percent of the South Australian population, making it the most centralised population of any state in Australia. Adelaide is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges which surround the city. Adelaide stretches 20 km from the coast to the foothills, 94 to 104 km from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south. Named in honour of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, queen consort to King William IV, the city was founded in 1836 as the planned capital for a freely-settled British province in Australia. Colonel William Light, one of Adelaide's founding fathers, designed the city and chose its location close to the River Torrens, in the area inhabited by the Kaurna people. Light's design set out Adelaide in a grid layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares, surrounded by parklands.
Early Adelaide was shaped by wealth. Until the Second World War, it was Australia's third-largest city and one of the few Australian cities without a convict history, it has been noted for early examples of religious freedom, a commitment to political progressivism and civil liberties. It has been known as the "City of Churches" since the mid-19th century, referring to its diversity of faiths rather than the piety of its denizens; the demonym "Adelaidean" is used in reference to its residents. As South Australia's seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various districts of the metropolitan area. Today, Adelaide is noted for its many festivals and sporting events, its food and wine, its long beachfronts, its large defence and manufacturing sectors, it ranks in terms of quality of life, being listed in the world's top 10 most liveable cities, out of 140 cities worldwide by The Economist Intelligence Unit.
It was ranked the most liveable city in Australia by the Property Council of Australia in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Before its proclamation as a British settlement in 1836, the area around Adelaide was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal nation. Kaurna culture and language were completely destroyed within a few decades of European settlement of South Australia, but extensive documentation by early missionaries and other researchers has enabled a modern revival of both. South Australia was proclaimed a British colony on 28 December 1836, near The Old Gum Tree in what is now the suburb of Glenelg North; the event is commemorated in South Australia as Proclamation Day. The site of the colony's capital was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light, the first Surveyor-General of South Australia, through the design made by the architect George Strickland Kingston. Adelaide was established as a planned colony of free immigrants, promising civil liberties and freedom from religious persecution, based upon the ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield.
Wakefield had read accounts of Australian settlement while in prison in London for attempting to abduct an heiress, realised that the eastern colonies suffered from a lack of available labour, due to the practice of giving land grants to all arrivals. Wakefield's idea was for the Government to survey and sell the land at a rate that would maintain land values high enough to be unaffordable for labourers and journeymen. Funds raised from the sale of land were to be used to bring out working-class emigrants, who would have to work hard for the monied settlers to afford their own land; as a result of this policy, Adelaide does not share the convict settlement history of other Australian cities like Sydney, Melbourne and Hobart. As it was believed that in a colony of free settlers there would be little crime, no provision was made for a gaol in Colonel Light's 1837 plan, but by mid-1837 the South Australian Register was warning of escaped convicts from New South Wales and tenders for a temporary gaol were sought.
Following a burglary, a murder, two attempted murders in Adelaide during March 1838, Governor Hindmarsh created the South Australian Police Force in April 1838 under 21-year-old Henry Inman. The first sheriff, Samuel Smart, was wounded during a robbery, on 2 May 1838 one of the offenders, Michael Magee, became the first person to be hanged in South Australia. William Baker Ashton was appointed governor of the temporary gaol in 1839, in 1840 George Strickland Kingston was commissioned to design Adelaide's new gaol. Construction of Adelaide Gaol commenced in 1841. Adelaide's early history was marked by questionable leadership; the first governor of South Australia, John Hindmarsh, clashed with others, in particular the Resident Commissioner, James Hurtle Fisher. The rural area surrounding Adelaide was surveyed by Light in preparation to sell a total of over 405 km2 of land. Adelaide's early economy started to get on its feet in 1838 with the arrival of livestock from Victoria, New South Wales and Tasmania.
Wool production provided an early basis for the South Australian economy. By 1860, wheat farms had been established from Encounter Bay in the south to Clare in the north. George Gawler took over from Hindmarsh in late 1838 and, despite being under orders from the Select Committee on South Australia in Britain not to undertake any public works, promptly oversaw construction of a governo
The Spencer Gulf is the westernmost of two large inlets on the southern coast of Australia, in the state of South Australia, facing the Great Australian Bight. It spans from the Cape Catastrophe and Eyre Peninsula in the west to Cape Spencer and Yorke Peninsula in the east; the largest towns on the gulf are Port Lincoln, Port Pirie, Port Augusta. Smaller towns on the gulf include Tumby Bay, Port Neill, Arno Bay, Port Germein, Port Broughton, Port Hughes, Port Victoria, Port Rickaby, Point Turton, Corny Point; the gulf was first explored by Matthew Flinders in February 1802. Flinders navigated inland from the present location of Port Augusta to within 44–39 km of the termination of the water body; the gulf was named Spencer's Gulph by Flinders on 20 March 1802, after George John Spencer, the 2nd Earl Spencer. Visiting at the same time as Flinders, Nicholas Baudin named the area Golfe Bonaparte. While other names bestowed by Baudin persisted, Spencer Gulf became the official name. By the 1830s, the natural harbour of Port Lincoln had become the site of an unofficial settlement, due in part to its convenience as a base for whaling vessels – which had long operated in the Great Australian Bight.
Prior to the selection of Adelaide, some consideration was given to Port Lincoln as the potential site of a capital city. The interior was not explored or settled by Europeans until after Edward John Eyre's 1839 expeditions, the gazetting of Port Lincoln the same year; the Gulf is 129 km wide at its mouth. The western shore of the gulf is the Eyre Peninsula, while the eastern side is the Yorke Peninsula, which separates it from the smaller Gulf St Vincent, its entrance was defined by Matthew Flinders as a line from Cape Catastrophe on Eyre Peninsula to Cape Spencer on Yorke Peninsula. The gulf extends 298 km inland from a point near the Port Augusta crossing; the land surrounding the gulf, consisting of the Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas, is the Eyre Yorke Block bioregion. This was wooded shrubland but has now been cleared for agriculture. Many of South Australia's iconic marine species can be found on the shores and in the waters of Spencer Gulf; the rocky inshore reef along the coast near Port Bonython and Point Lowly is a breeding ground for the Northern Spencer Gulf population of giant Australian cuttlefish.
They are a favorite food of local bottlenose dolphins, who have developed sophisticated techniques for safely eating these creatures. The Upper Spencer Gulf is known for its snapper and Yellowtail kingfish fishing. Great white sharks are sometimes seen in Spencer Gulf by fishermen, shark cage diving and surface tours operate out of Port Lincoln. A relic population of tiger pipefish, a subtropical species is range limited to Northern Spencer Gulf. Visiting southern right whales and humpback whales enter Spencer Gulf from June through to October, can be seen as far north as Point Lowly and Port Augusta. New Zealand fur seals and Australian sea lions can be found in Southern Spencer Gulf, with occasional sightings occurring in Northern Spencer Gulf. Bottlenose dolphins can be seen in the gulf's waters year-round. Breeding colonies of little penguins exist on islands in Spencer Gulf; the northernmost colonies are located at Wardang Island. In 2004, the Wardang Island colony's population was 8,000 penguins.
Cape Barren geese and several species of cormorants breed on islands in Spencer Gulf. Spencer Gulf contains a number of offshore islands; these include: Curlew Island Weeroona Island Shag Island Entrance Island Bird Islands Lipson Island Tumby Island Wardang Island & the Goose Island group The Sir Joseph Banks Group Louth Island & Rabbit Island Boston Island Grantham Island and Bicker Isles Donington Island, Carcase Rock, Owen Island, Taylor Island, Grindal Island, Little Island, Lewis Island, Smith Island, Hopkins Island and Thistle Island. Middle Island, South Island and Royston Island Gambier Islands including Wedge Island Due to its proximity to many identified mineral deposits in South Australia's Far North, Eyre Peninsula and Braemar regions, there are multiple new port and harbor developments proposed for the region; these include new or expanded facilities at: Port Bonython - Port Bonython Bulk Commodities Export Facility - Spencer Gulf Port Link Whyalla - Inner harbour expansion - Arrium Port Pirie - Possible expansion for trans-shipment of iron ore from the Braemar region Lucky Bay - Lucky Bay Common User Export Facility - SeaSA Myponie Point - Possible port location for Braemar region mineral exports Cape Hardy - Iron Road Ltd Lipson Cove - Port Spencer - Centrex Metals Ltd As of 2016, there is one reverse osmosis and one thermal seawater desalination plant drawing water from Spencer Gulf.
Several others are planned. All or will produce water or for industrial use, they are: The Spencer Gulf region, its wildlife and its development are the subjects of a forthcoming documentary film entitled Cuttlefish Country. Spencer Gulf contains four aquatic reserves. Blanche Harbour-Douglas Bank Aquatic Reserve, located in west side of Spencer Gulf, north of Whyalla, was declared
Morphett Vale, South Australia
Morphett Vale is a southern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia in the City of Onkaparinga. It is the largest suburb in the state, with a population of more than 23,000 and an area of 12.76 km², followed by Paralowie with nearly 10,000 fewer residents. There are 1,000 businesses in Morphett Vale; the suburb is bordered by Sheriffs/Pimpala Road, Panalatinga Road, Doctors/Beach Road, the Southern Expressway. Morphett Vale was the first major town south of Adelaide. In October 1840, a town called. By 1866, the town was said to have ‘a large number of neat residences, many of which have fine vineyards attached’. Morphett Vale was named after John Morphett; the town boasted churches and chapels, a brewery, wind flour mill, court house and police station. Agriculture consisted of mixed farms and vineyards. 1852 saw the formation of the Morphett Vale District council which merged with Noarlunga in 1932. During the second world war the district was a major producer of flax. Extensive land subdivision occurred during the 1960s, transforming the area from a rural region to a metropolitan suburb.
Some notable buildings and businesses include: Doctors House on the corner of Beach and Main South Roads, The Emu winery, demolished to make way for Wirreanda High School and a housing sub-division. The Heritage listed; the Willunga railway line ran through the town until 1969, but has since been replaced by a bicycle/pedestrian path. The old Station Master's Residence is now the Southern Districts Workingman's Club and has been remodelled to its current form; the last tenants of this building are still residents of the Local Onkaparinga Council area. The Morphett Vale CFS station is located on the corner of Doctors Road and States Road at Hackham, it is an volunteer based brigade which has an active fire-fighter membership of around 50 volunteers. They have 8 volunteers who assist with Operational Support duties and 9 cadets; the brigade is one of the busiest in the state, responding to between 300 and 400 emergencies each year on average. The suburbs covered by the brigade are Morphett Vale, Onkaparinga Hills and Woodcroft.
These suburbs include 25,000 residents as well as industrial zones and large areas of rural land. The Morphett Vale CFS brigade has three appliances. Morphett Vale Pumper and Morphett Vale 34 are supplied by the government, whilst Morphett Vale QRV is a brigade owned appliance and was designed and built by the brigade. Morphett Vale Pumper - This is the station's primary urban response vehicle, it was delivered to the brigade in December 2011, it is a two-wheel drive pumper built by Fraser Fire and Rescue in New Zealand, it is based on the New Zealand Fire Service Type 1 pumper design on an Iveco Eurocargo cab / chassis. Some of the specifications include. Morphett Vale 34 - The appliance is built on a four-wheel drive Isuzu FTS800 crew-cab chassis and carries 3000 litres of water; the pump is a GAAM MK450 coupled which provides simultaneous high pressure and volume stage operation, it is coupled to a Hatz diesel engine. Morphett Vale Quick Response Vehicle - This appliance is their quick rural response vehicle.
The appliance is built on a Holden Rodeo tray top utility to which we have fitted a 350-litre water tank and a Darley Snuffer Compressed Air Foam System pump. The CAFS pump is capable of producing a high quality foam with only minimal use of foam concentrate and water. With the CAFS pump operating it is possible to produce high quality foam for longer than 10 minutes using just the 400 litres of water in the tank, normal pumps would use a lot more water than 400 litres to produce the same result. Morphett Vale boasts a number of schools within its boundaries including: Antonio School Calvary Lutheran School Coorara Primary School Flaxmill Primary School Morphett Vale Primary School Morphett Vale East Primary School Morphett Vale West Primary School Pimpala Primary School Stanvac Primary School Sunrise Christian School John Morphett Primary School Prescott College Southern Southern Vales Christian College Woodcroft College Wirreanda High SchoolFormer Schools in the areaIn 2000, Morphett Vale South Primary School was closed.
The site, located on Elizabeth Road next to the Elizabeth Road local shops, has now been cleared and turned into a housing estate. Morphett Vale High School closed at the end of 2008. Original government plans for the site were to demolish the entire school and redevelop it into a new housing development, but after much objection from the community due to the school's oval being used for club sporting events predominately football, it is the home ground of the OSBLFC; the school has been renovated, transformed into a primary school, which opened in 2012. Morphett Vale Memorial Bowls Club - Morphett Vale Memorial Oval, Wheatsheaf Road Morphett Vale Football Club - Morphett Vale Memorial Oval, Wheatsheaf Road Morphett Vale Tennis Club - Morphett Vale Memorial Oval, Wheatsheaf Road Morphett Vale Netball Club - Morphett Vale Memorial Oval, Wheatsheaf Road Noarlunga Tigers Basketball Club - Wilfred Taylor Reserve, States Road Noarlunga United Soccer Club - Wilfred Taylor Reserve, States Road O'Sullivan Beach-Lonsdale Football Club - Morphett Vale Primary
Dysart is a former town and royal burgh located on the south-east coast between Kirkcaldy and West Wemyss in Fife. The town is now considered to be a suburb of Kirkcaldy. Dysart was once part of a wider estate owned by Sinclair family, they were responsible for gaining burgh of barony status for the town towards the end of the 15th century. The first record of the town was made in the early 13th century, its initial role being to settle civil matters between the church and landowners. During the middle of the 15th century, trade with the Low Countries began for salt and coal exportation. In the 16th and 17th centuries, trade expanded to the Baltic Countries. Dysart acquired two nicknames: "Salt Burgh" and "Little Holland" as a result. Following the sudden decline of the town's harbour caused by the closure of the Lady Blanche Pit, the town was amalgamated into the royal burgh of Kirkcaldy under an act of parliament in 1930. Urban clearance during the 1950s and 1960s saw large parts of the historic town demolished for new housing.
Demand from the town's residents meant that part of the historic town — most notably the 16th-century and the 18th-century houses of Pan Ha' opposite the harbour — were salvaged and preserved for future generations. Today, Dysart retains an individual character within the boundary of neighbouring Kirkcaldy; the local saying "as old as the three trees of Dysart" may prove to be vital evidence that the town's existence stretches back to ancient times. Dysart’s name is considered to have had two possible meanings - either from the Latin word "deserta" meaning "the fasting place of a holy man" in reference to the legend of St Serf who came to Dysart around 500 AD or from the Celtic word "dys-ard" meaning height of god. According to the statistical accounts of the parish ministers of 1793 and 1836, the name is alleged to come from Gaelic "Dus-ard" meaning "the temple of the most high". Nonetheless, Dysart’s most famous son, Dr John Stuart explains what he thinks about the origin of the name and why.
"We learn from an early life of St Serf that he won’t resort to cell or caves for the purpose of devotion, that while in one of the latter “in deserto’ he was assaulted by the devil, who wished to engage him in a religious disruption” Prior to the 16th century little is known about the history of the town. The earliest record of the town's existence is a document about a papal decision between Dysart Kirk and Dunfermline Abbey in 1220. Another record followed in 1245, this time about the reconsecration of Dysart Kirk undertaken by David de Bernham of St Andrews; the initial role of the town, like many communities in Scotland, was to serve the church and landowners by resolving civic matters and dealing individually with property issues. The first port has been said to date as far back as 1450; this helped the export of coal and salt with the Low Countries. A man-made harbour was built, but could only be used at low tide with limited space; the damage caused by the jetty, known as the "east haven of Dysart" temporarily cut short the function of the east pier in the mid-17th century.
The harbour was extensively rebuilt in 1829-31 with the assistance of Robert Stephenson, to include an inner basin with a nearby quarry at the harbour head and an extension of the east pier which would be raised and pointed southwards. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the town went through hard times with many residents skippers, being killed in the wars of covenanting and the five-year occupation of Oliver Cromwell between 1651 and 1656. However, the salt trade prospered between the town and its two trading partners – Netherlands and the Baltic Countries with production thriving between 1570 and 1630. Subsequently, the town was given two nicknames: salt burgh and Little Holland; the first coal pit in the town - known as Lady Blanche - opened towards the end of the 16th century. Two new pits – Frances and Randolph – would follow by the middle of the 17th century as coal began to succeed the salt trade. Meanwhile, the harbour was revived with the imports of wine and spirits being sent to other harbours at Leith and Perth.
The town's prosperity declined in the late 17th century and by 1715 the disrepair of the harbour was noted. Food shortages resulting from the export trade led to the town becoming a centre of the 1720 food riots, with estimages of 1,000 to 2,000 protestors on the streets and troops being overpowered and disarmed. In the 1920s, the owners of the harbour, the Earl of Rossyln's Coal Company, put pressure on the town council to deepen the harbour for use of larger ships; the council was plunged into financial ruin after the coal company refused to pay for the work in excess of £500. Many ships went instead to Buckhaven and Methil, where they received a quicker turnaround than in Dysart; the closure of the uneconomic Lady Blanche Pit in 1929, proved to be the end of the town's coal trade from the harbour. The lack of revenue from Dysart's harbour forced the town to merge with Kirkcaldy under a private act of parliament in 1930. Dysart Golf Club was founded in 1897; the club and course closed at the time of WW2.
Today, Dysart is considered to be a north-eastern suburb of Kirkcaldy and the village forms one of 48 conservation areas in Fife. Important landmarks in the village include the Dutch influenced houses on Pan Ha'. An £11 million pound scheme has been started by The Townscape Heritage Initiative and Conservation Area Gr
Nairne, South Australia
Nairne is a small township in South Australia, founded by Matthew Smillie in 1839 and named for his wife's family. Nairne is about 7 kilometres from Mount Barker, South Australia, in the federal Division of Mayo and in the state electoral district of Kavel. At the 2011 census, Nairne had a population of 4,198. Nairne began as a town on Princes Highway, which used to be the main traffic route from Sydney to Adelaide before the South Eastern Freeway superseded this section of highway in 1969. In 2003, the main street was transformed for a section of the movie The Honourable Wally Norman, filmed using various areas of the Adelaide Hills, including Mount Barker and Lobethal. Nairne has several shops on the main street, a school, two churches, it is about 7 kilometres from about 5 kilometres from Littlehampton. Nairne Weather Station
The Barrier Miner
The Barrier Miner was a daily English language broadsheet newspaper published in Broken Hill in far western New South Wales from 1888 to 1974. First published on 28 February 1888, The Barrier Miner was published continuously until 25 November 1974. Copies are available on online via Trove Digitised Newspapers; the paper was revived in 2005. The paper closed down for a second time in 2008 with the managing director, Margaret McBride stating that...due to commercial reasons the paper would no longer service Broken Hill and the region... The Barrier Miner served the growing mining community of Broken Hill, when the area was found to have lead ore and traces of silver, it was not until late 1884 or early 1885 that rich quantities of silver were found and the Broken Hill Proprietary Company was floated to mine the leases. The newspaper was published by Henry Fenton, Augustus Sydney Knight and George Alfred Mills and was distributed to Broken Hill, White Cliffs, Menindee, Ivanhoe, it was edited by Samuel Prior from 1888, a partner with the main proprietors in 1905, Knight and Von Rieben Ltd. who took over in about 1890 when Fenton and Mills sold their interests.
Prior may have been one of the youngest editors of a daily newspaper in Australia. He wrote the Wild Cats column at The Bulletin, where he was appointed editor, was its main proprietor when he died in 1933. E. R. Kellsall took over as editor after Prior left, with Mr R. D. S. Magnusson as sub-editor; the newspaper was published and printed from a building in Argent Street, occupying a galvanised iron clad shed. In 1908 a substantial stone building was erected by F. J. Fairweather and Sons on the corner of Blende and Sulphide Streets. Knight and Von Rieben retired in 1907 to Adelaide and Sydney when John Smethurst took over as managing editor, remained in charge up to 1933 when J. F. Williams took over. E. K. Lean, joined the staff in 1893 and became assistant manager in 1918. A Sunday evening special edition was published during the 1914-1918 war featuring letters from overseas soldiers with many eager residents rushing the office for copies as soon as they came off the presses; the newspaper office was twice bombed during World War I, it is believed because of some comments made about unpatriotic behaviour in the town, not taken well by the strong unionised workforce.
Daily circulation reached 8303 in 1905, with three editions published up to about 1922 the first and third editions being sold in Argent Street and the second edition being home delivered. James Davison took over the paper in 1919, along with the Port Pirie Recorder, he left in 1922 to start the Adelaide News. Competition came in 1919 with the addition of the Barrier Daily Truth; the paper has been digitised as part of the Australian Newspapers Digitisation Program project of the National Library of Australia. The microfilm copies are held in the collection of the State Library of New South Wales. List of newspapers in Australia List of newspapers in New South Wales Barrier Miner at Trove THE "BARRIER MINER"
The Eyre Peninsula is a triangular peninsula in South Australia. It is bounded on the east by Spencer Gulf, the west by the Great Australian Bight, the north by the Gawler Ranges, it is named after explorer Edward John Eyre who explored parts of the peninsula in 1839-1841. The coastline was first charted by the expeditions of Matthew Flinders in 1801-1802 and French explorer Nicolas Baudin around the same time; the peninsula's economy is agricultural, with growing aquaculture and tourism sectors. The main townships are Port Lincoln in the south and Port Augusta in the north east, Ceduna in the northwest; the peninsula was named after explorer Edward John Eyre on 7 November 1839 by George Gawler, second Governor of South Australia. The peninsula's coastline boundary was defined in 1839 as “Spencer's Gulf in its whole length, to the southern ocean from Cape Catastrophe to the western point of Denial Bay.” Its northern boundary was described in 1978 as follows: “no official boundary proclaimed but the common sense choice would be to draw a straight line from Yorkey Crossing to the northern most point of Denial Bay.’’ As at 30 June 2010, the peninsula had a population of 58,700 people.
The peninsula is home to 3.6% of South Australia's population. 2,500 people, 4.4% of the population, is estimated to be indigenous. The major industry is farming - cereal crops and cattle in the drier north and more water-intensive activities such as dairy farming and a growing wine industry in the south. Many coastal towns have the largest being located at Port Lincoln; the town has harbored a large tuna-fishing fleet, transforming its practice to fish farming with the growth of sea cage aquaculture. Oyster farming was established in the 1980s and occurs in several sheltered bays including Franklin Harbour and Smoky Bay off the west coast. Iron ore is mined by Arrium in the Middleback Range near Iron Knob, inland from Whyalla; some of the product is smelted to produce feedstock for the Whyalla Steelworks. Increasing volumes of iron ore are being exported from Whyalla directly to customers in Asia. There is a commercial nephrite jade mine near Cowell, jade souvenirs can be purchased in the town.
The peninsula has many small inactive mines and quarries, is considered prospective for a variety of minerals, including graphite and uranium with many deposits being proven in recent years. The 2000s saw increased mineral exploration activity on the peninsula. In 2013, some of the more advanced mine development projects included: Ironclad Mining Ltd's Wilcherry Hill, Centrex Metals Ltd's Fusion Magnetite Project and Iron Road Ltd's Central Eyre Iron Project. Shortfalls in existing rail and water supply infrastructure continue to hamper new project development; the peninsula is being marketed as the'seafood frontier' in an attempt to showcase the peninsula's fisheries and aquaculture produce. Key products are the Southern bluefin tuna and Yellowtail kingfish, which are farmed in Port Lincoln and Arno Bay, Pacific oysters, which are grown in Franklin Harbour and several sheltered bays of the peninsula's west coast. Other seafood offerings include abalone, mussels and blue-swimmer crabs. Many natural heritage attractions can be found in the peninsula's three national parks, in numerous conservation parks, along the peninsula's extensive coastline.
Ecotourism operators offer visitors opportunities to experience many of the peninsula's iconic marine species either in or on the water. From Whyalla, visitors can snorkel or dive off Point Lowly to witness the mass breeding aggregation of Giant Australian Cuttlefish which occurs there from May to August each year. From Port Lincoln, tourists can swim in a cage with southern bluefin tuna, with a colony of Australian sea lions, or enter a shark cage to observe Great white sharks offshore near the Neptune Islands. On the west coast, tourists can snorkel with Australian sea lions and Bottlenosed dolphins in the sheltered waters of Baird Bay, observe southern right whales from the shore or by boat from Fowler's Bay from May to October. Murphy's Haystacks are a unique geographical feature, located between Port Kenny. Artifacts from the Peninsula's pioneer and, to a lesser extent, indigenous heritage can be seen at a network of museums operated by the National Trust of South Australia, which include the Mount Laura Homestead Museum in Whyalla, the Tumby Bay National Trust Museum and the Koppio Smithy Museum.
The Whyalla Maritime Museum has a nautical theme. Its displays include the World War II corvette HMAS Whyalla, which sits in dry-dock and is visible from the Lincoln Highway. Fishing charters are offered departing from many coastal towns, including Whyalla, Tumby Bay and Port Lincoln. Major population centres on the peninsula are connected by a network of highways; the Eyre Highway runs east–west across the north side of the peninsula, while the Flinders Highway and Lincoln Highway follow the west and east coasts, meeting at Port Lincoln in the south. The Tod Highway bisects the peninsula, running south–north from Port Lincoln through the town of Lock to met the Eyre Highway at Kyancutta; the Birdseye Highway bisects the peninsula from Elliston on the west coast and Flinders Highway through Lock and Cleve to the Lincoln Highway near Cowell. The peninsula is served by the isolated narrow-gauge Eyre Peninsula Railway which serves the ports at Port Lincoln and Thevenard; this line is separated from the main system by desert country, there has therefore never been any need