A pistol is a type of handgun. The pistol originates in the 16th century; the English word was introduced in ca. 1570 from the Middle French pistolet. The most common types of pistol today are the single shot and semi-automatic. Sometimes in usage, the term "pistol" refers to a handgun having one chamber integral with the barrel, making pistols distinct from the other main type of handgun, the revolver, which has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers. Most handgun experts and dictionaries make a technical distinction that views pistols as a subset of handguns. UK/Commonwealth usage does not always make this distinction when the terms are used by the military. For example, the official designation of the Webley Mk VI revolver was "Pistol, Webley, No. 1 Mk VI". In contrast to Merriam-Webster the Oxford English Dictionary describes'pistol' as a small firearm to be used in one hand and the usage of "revolver" as being a type of handgun and gives its original form as "revolving pistol" The pistol originates in the 16th century, when early handguns were produced in Europe.
The English word was introduced in ca. 1570 from the Middle French pistolet. The etymology of the French word pistolet is disputed, it may be from a Czech word for early hand cannons, píšťala, or alternatively from Italian pistolese, after Pistoia, a city renowned for Renaissance-era gunsmithing, where hand-held guns were first produced in the 1540s. The first suggestion derives the word from Czech píšťala, a type of hand-cannon used in the Hussite Wars during the 1420s; the Czech word was adopted in German as pitschale, pitschole and variants. The second suggestion is less likely; the Czech word is well documented since the Hussite wars in 1420s. Single shot handguns were seen during the era of flintlock and musket weaponry where the pistol was loaded with a lead ball and fired by a flint striker, later a percussion cap. However, as technology improved, so did the single shot pistol. New operating mechanisms were created, due to this, they are still made today, they are the oldest type of pistol, are used to hunt wild game.
Multi-barreled pistols, such as the Pepperbox, were common during the same time as single shot pistols. As designers looked for ways to increase fire rates, multiple barrels were added to all guns including pistols. One example of a multi-barreled pistol is the Duck's foot pistol, which had either four or eight barrels, although some 20th-century models had three barrels. Around 1850, pistols such as the Jarre harmonica gun were produced; the sliding magazine contained pinfire speedloaders. The magazine needed to be moved manually in many designs, hence distinguishing them from semi-automatic pistols. With the development of the revolver in the 19th century, gunsmiths had achieved the goal of a practical capability for delivering multiple loads to one handgun barrel in quick succession. Revolvers feed ammunition via the rotation of a cartridge-filled cylinder, in which each cartridge is contained in its own ignition chamber, is sequentially brought into alignment with the weapon's barrel by an indexing mechanism linked to the weapon's trigger or its hammer.
These nominally cylindrical chambers numbering between five and eight depending on the size of the revolver and the size of the cartridge being fired, are bored through the cylinder so that their axes are parallel to the cylinder's axis of rotation. The semi-automatic pistol was the next step in the development of the pistol. By avoiding multiple chambers—which need to be individually reloaded—semi-automatic pistols delivered faster rates of fire and required only a few seconds to reload. In blowback-type semi-automatics, the recoil force is used to push the slide back and eject the shell so that the magazine spring can push another round up. An example of a modern blow back action semi-automatic pistol is the Walther PPK. Blowback pistols are some of the more designed handguns. Many semi-automatic pistols today operate using short-recoil; this design is coupled with the Browning type tilting barrel. Water gun, including water pistol and squirt gun
A claw hammer is a tool used for driving nails into, or pulling nails from, some other object. A claw hammer is associated with woodworking but is not limited to use with wood products, it is not suitable for heavy hammering on metal surfaces, as the steel of its head is somewhat brittle. An early claw hammer is seen in Albrecht Dürer's etching "Melencolia I," dated 1514, halfway up the left side. There are several nails in the lower right corner. A claw hammer can be said to look like the letter "T" with the handle being the long part, the head being the line across the top which looks like a "t". In actuality, the head of the hammer does not form a straight line, but curves down into the claw of the hammer. One side of the head is flat with either a smooth or textured surface and is used for impacting another surface; the other side of the head splits in the middle forming a "V" shape. This part is the claw of the hammer and is most used for extracting nails from wood; the rounded end of the claw, in combination with the handle, is used to gain leverage when extracting a nail.
Claw hammers can be constructed many ways but come in one of two forms. The first, most popular, type of hammer is the two piece hammer; this hammer is constructed from a forged steel head with a hole for fixing a handle. One end is made to fit the hole in the hammer head a steel wedge is driven into the wood which forces it to expand and secure the hammer head to the handle. Other handle materials include glass fiber and carbon fiber. Another type of claw hammer is single-piece forged heat-treated steel where the head and handle are integral; these hammers have polymer grips to add to their ergonomics and decrease vibrations when the hammer is used. Another type of claw hammer is the framing hammer; this is an oversized claw hammer used in framing carpentry. The larger and heavier head can decrease the number of blows required to insert the nail. Framing hammers have a "checkered" face, which reduces skip-off of the head if the blow is not struck on the nail; the slight indentations left on the wood by the checkered face are considered unimportant in rough carpentry.
Framing hammers have a much straighter claw than regular claw hammers, as the claw is designed more for prying nailed boards apart, rather than removing nails. The size of this type of hammer is designated by the weight of its head, which may range from 7-32 ounces. Hammer Pierson Building Center giant hammer Notes SourcesHazra Choudhary, A text book on workshop technology
Illegal drug trade
The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws. Most jurisdictions prohibit trade, except under license, of many types of drugs through the use of drug prohibition laws; the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime's World Drug Report 2005 estimates the size of the global illicit drug market at US$321.6 billion in 2003 alone. With a world GDP of US$36 trillion in the same year, the illegal drug trade may be estimated as nearly 1% of total global trade. Consumption of illegal drugs is widespread globally and remains difficult for local authorities to thwart its popularity. Chinese authorities issued edicts against opium smoking in 1729, 1796 and 1800; the West prohibited addictive drugs throughout the late early 20th centuries. In the early 19th century, an illegal drug trade in China emerged; as a result, by 1838 the number of Chinese opium-addicts had grown to between four and twelve million.
The Chinese government responded by enforcing a ban on the import of opium. The United Kingdom forced China to allow British merchants to sell Indian-grown opium. Trading in opium was lucrative, smoking opium had become common in the 19th century, so British merchants increased trade with the Chinese; the Second Opium War broke out in 1856. After the two Opium Wars, the British Crown, via the treaties of Nanking, Tianjin, obligated the Chinese government to pay large sums of money for opium they had seized and destroyed, which were referred to as "reparations". In 1868, as a result of the increased use of opium, the UK restricted the sale of opium in Britain by implementing the 1868 Pharmacy Act. In the United States, control of opium remained under the control of individual US states until the introduction of the Harrison Act in 1914, after 12 international powers signed the International Opium Convention in 1912. Between 1920 and 1933 the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution banned alcohol in the United States.
Prohibition proved impossible to enforce and resulted in the rise of organized crime, including the modern American Mafia, which identified enormous business opportunities in the manufacturing and sale of illicit liquor. The beginning of the 21st century saw drug use increase in North America and Europe, with a increased demand for marijuana and cocaine; as a result, international organized crime syndicates such as the Sinaloa Cartel and'Ndrangheta have increased cooperation among each other in order to facilitate trans-Atlantic drug-trafficking. Use of another illicit drug, has increased in Europe. Drug trafficking is regarded by lawmakers as a serious offense around the world. Penalties depend on the type of drug, the quantity trafficked, where the drugs are sold and how they are distributed. If the drugs are sold to underage people the penalties for trafficking may be harsher than in other circumstances. Drug smuggling carries severe penalties in many countries. Sentencing may include lengthy periods of incarceration and the death penalty.
In December 2005, Van Tuong Nguyen, a 25-year-old Australian drug smuggler, was hanged in Singapore after being convicted in March 2004. In 2010, two people were sentenced to death in Malaysia for trafficking 1 kilogram of cannabis into the country. Execution is used as a deterrent, many have called upon much more effective measures to be taken by countries to tackle drug trafficking; the countries of drug production and transit are some of the most affected by the drug trade, though countries receiving the illegally imported substances are adversely affected. For example, Ecuador has absorbed up to 300,000 refugees from Colombia who are running from guerrillas and drug lords. While some applied for asylum, others are still illegal immigrants; the drugs that pass from Colombia through Ecuador to other parts of South America create economic and social problems. Honduras, through which an estimated 79% of cocaine passes on its way to the United States, has the highest murder rate in the world. According to the International Crisis Group, the most violent regions in Central America along the Guatemala–Honduras border, are correlated with an abundance of drug trafficking activity.
In many countries worldwide, the illegal drug trade is thought to be directly linked to violent crimes such as murder. This is true in all developing countries, such as Honduras, but is an issue for many developed countries worldwide. In the late 1990s in the United States the Federal Bureau of Investigation estimated that 5% of murders were drug-related. In Colombia, Drug violence can be caused by factors such as, the economy, poor governments, no authority within the law enforcement. After a crackdown by US and Mexican authorities in the first decade of the 21st century as part of tightened border security in the wake of the September 11 attacks, border violence inside Mexico surged; the Mexican government estimates. A report by the UK government's Drug Strategy Unit, leaked to the press, stated that due to the expensive price of addictive drugs heroin and coc
.22 Long Rifle
The.22 Long Rifle or simply.22 LR is a long-established variety of.22 caliber rimfire ammunition, in terms of units sold is still by far the most common ammunition in the world today. It is used in a wide range of rifles, revolvers, smoothbore shotguns, submachine guns. American firearms manufacturer J. Stevens Arms & Tool Company introduced the.22 Long Rifle cartridge in 1887. The round owes its origin to the.22 BB Cap of 1845 and the.22 Short of 1857. It combined the casing of the.22 Long of 1871 with the 40-grain bullet of the.22 Extra Long of 1880, giving it a longer overall length, a higher muzzle velocity and superior performance as a hunting and target round, rendering both the.22 Long and.22 Extra Long cartridges obsolete. The.22 LR uses a heeled bullet, which means that the bullet is the same diameter as the case, has a narrower "heel" portion that fits in the case. It is one of the few cartridges that are accepted by a large variety of handguns. The.22 LR cartridge is popular among novice experts alike.
Its minimal recoil and low noise make it an ideal cartridge for recreational shooting, small-game hunting, pest control..22 LR cadet rifles are used by military cadets and others for basic firearms and marksmanship training. It is used by the Boy Scouts in the United States for the rifle shooting merit badge; the low recoil of the cartridge makes it ideal for introductory firearms courses. Novice shooters can be frightened by the noise and recoil of more powerful rounds. Beginners shooting firearms beyond their comfort level develop a habit of flinching in an attempt to counter anticipated recoil; the resulting habit impedes correct posture and follow-through at the most critical phase of the shot and is difficult to correct. With high recoil eliminated, other errors in marksmanship technique are easier to identify and correct. Available for this round are AR-15 M1911 slide assemblies. Many handgun manufacturers have an upper pistol conversion kit to make it shoot.22 LR ammunition. These conversions allow shooters to practice inexpensively while retaining the handling characteristics of their chosen firearms.
Additionally.22 LR cartridge conversion kits allow practice at indoor ranges which prohibit high-power firearms. Owners of guns that use gas systems, such as AR-15 sport style rifles avoid firing non-jacketed.22 LR cartridge ammunition, as the use of unjacketed ammunition may cause lead-fouling of the gas-port inside the barrel and costly gunsmithing procedures. A wide variety of.22 LR ammunition is available commercially, the available ammunition varies both in price and performance. Bullet weights among commercially available ammunition range from 20 to 60 grains, velocities vary from 575 to 1,750 ft/s..22 LR is the least costly cartridge ammunition available. Promotional loads for plinking can be purchased in bulk for less cost than precision target rounds; the low cost of ammunition has a substantial effect on the popularity of the.22 LR. For this reason, rimfire cartridges are used for target practice..22 LR cartridges are packaged in boxes of 50 or 100 rounds, is sold by the'brick', a carton containing either 10 boxes of 50 rounds or loose cartridges totaling 500 rounds, or the'case' containing 10 bricks totaling 5,000 rounds.
Annual production is estimated by some at 2–2.5 billion rounds. The NSSF estimates that a large percentage of the US production of 10 billion cartridges is composed of.22 LR. Despite the high production figures there have been shortages of.22 LR cartridge in the continental United States, most notably during the 2008–13 United States ammunition shortage. Performance depends on the type of action. For example, it will perform differently in a bolt-action rifle than in a semiautomatic rifle. The.22 LR is effective to 150 yd. After 150 yd, the ballistics of the round are such that it will be difficult to compensate for the large "drop"; the short effective range, low report, light recoil has made it a favorite for use as a target-practice cartridge. The accuracy of the cartridge is not exceptional. A contributing factor in rifles is the transition of a high-velocity cartridge projectile from supersonic to subsonic within 100 yd; as the bullet slows, the shock wave caused by supersonic travel overtakes the bullet and can disrupt its flight path, causing minor but measurable inaccuracies.
When zeroed for 100 yd, the arc-trajectory of the standard high-velocity.22 LR with a 40-gr bullet has a 2.7-inch rise at 50 yd, a 10.8-inch drop at 150 yd. A.22 LR rifle needs to be zeroed for 75 yd to avoid overshooting small animals like squirrels at intermediate distances. As a hunting cartridge, rimfires are used to kill small game up to the size of coyotes. Although proper shot placement can kill larger animals such as deer or hog, it is not recommended because its low power may not guarantee a humane kill; the largest recorded animal killed with a.22 long caliber rifle was a grizzly bear in 1953. Because a.22 LR bullet is less powerful than larger cartridges, its danger to humans is underestimated. In fact, a.22 LR bullet is capable of killing or injuring humans. After flying 400 yd, a.22 bullet is still traveling about 500 ft/s. Ricochets are more common in.22 LR projectiles than for more powerful cartridges as the combination of unjacketed lead and m
Lethal injection is the practice of injecting one or more drugs into a person for the express purpose of causing immediate death. The main application for this procedure is capital punishment, but the term may be applied in a broader sense to include euthanasia and other forms of suicide; the drugs cause the person to become unconscious, stops their breathing, causes a heart arrhythmia, in that order. First developed in the United States, it is now a legal method of execution in China, Guatemala, the Maldives, Vietnam, though Guatemala has not conducted an execution since 2000 and the Maldives has never carried out an execution since its independence. Although Taiwan permits lethal injection as an execution method, no executions have been carried out in this manner, most due to drug shortages. Lethal injection was used in the Philippines until the country re-abolished the death penalty in 2006. Lethal injection gained popularity in the late 20th century as a form of execution intended to supplant other methods, notably electrocution, gas inhalation and firing squad, that were considered to be less humane.
It is now the most common form of execution in the United States. Lethal injection was first proposed on January 17, 1888, by Julius Mount Bleyer, a New York doctor who praised it as being cheaper than hanging. Bleyer's idea was never used, due to a series of botched executions and the eventual rise of public disapproval in electrocutions. Nazi Germany developed the Action T4 euthanasia program as one of its methods of disposing of Lebensunwertes Leben; the British Royal Commission on Capital Punishment considered lethal injection, but ruled it out after pressure from the British Medical Association. On May 11, 1977, Oklahoma's state medical examiner Jay Chapman proposed a new, less painful method of execution, known as Chapman's protocol: "An intravenous saline drip shall be started in the prisoner's arm, into which shall be introduced a lethal injection consisting of an ultrashort-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic." After the procedure was approved by anesthesiologist Stanley Deutsch Head of the Department of Anaesthesiology of the Oklahoma University Medical School, the Reverend Bill Wiseman introduced the method into the Oklahoma legislature, where it passed and was adopted.
Since until 2004, 37 of the 38 states using capital punishment introduced lethal injection statutes. On August 29, 1977, Texas adopted the new method of execution, switching to lethal injection from electrocution. On December 7, 1982, Texas became the first state to use lethal injection to carry out capital punishment, for the execution of Charles Brooks, Jr; the People's Republic of China began using this method in 1997, Guatemala in 1996, the Philippines in 1999, Thailand in 2003, Taiwan in 2005. Vietnam first used this method in 2013; the Philippines abolished the death penalty in 2006, with their last execution being in 2000. Guatemalan law still allows for the death penalty and lethal injection is the sole method allowed, but no penalties have been carried out since 2000 when the country experienced the live televised execution of Manuel Martínez Coronado; the export of drugs to be used for lethal injection was banned by the European Union in 2011, together with other items under the EU Torture Regulation.
Since pentobarbital followed thiopental in the European Union's ban. By early 2014, a number of botched executions involving lethal injection, a rising shortage of suitable drugs, had some U. S. states reconsidering lethal injection as a form of execution. Tennessee, which had offered inmates a choice between lethal injection and the electric chair, passed a law in May 2014 which gave the state the option to use the electric chair if lethal injection drugs are either unavailable or made unconstitutional. At the same time and Utah were considering the use of execution by firing squad in addition to other existing execution methods. In 2016, Pfizer joined over 20 American and European pharmaceutical manufacturers that had blocked the sale of their drugs for use in lethal injections closing the open market for FDA-approved manufacturers for any potential lethal execution drug. In the execution of Carey Dean Moore on August 14, 2018, the State of Nebraska used a novel drug cocktail comprising diazepam, fentanyl and potassium chloride, over the strong objections of the German pharmaceutical company Fresenius Kabi.
In the United States, the typical lethal injection begins with the condemned person being strapped onto a gurney. Only one is necessary to carry out the execution. A line leading from the IV line in an adjacent room is attached to the prisoner's IV and secured so that the line does not snap during the injections; the arm of the condemned person is swabbed with alcohol. The needles and equipment used are sterilized. Questions have been raised about why these precautions against infection are performed despite the purpose of the injection being death; the several explanations include: cannulae are sterilized and have their quality controlled during manufacture, so using sterile ones is a routine medical procedure. Secondly, the prisoner could receive a stay of execution after the cannulae have been inserted, as happened in the case of James Autry in October 1983. Third, use of unsterilized equipment would be a hazard to the prison personnel in case of an acc
Huntsville is a city in and the county seat of Walker County, Texas. The population was 38,548 as of the 2010 census, it is the center of the Huntsville micropolitan area. Huntsville is 70 miles north of Houston in the East Texas Piney Woods on Interstate 45, which runs between Houston and Dallas, it is home to Sam Houston State University, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Huntsville State Park, HEARTS Veterans Museum of Texas. The city served as the residence of Sam Houston, recognized in Huntsville by the Sam Houston Memorial Museum and a statue on Interstate 45; the city had its beginning about 1836, when Pleasant and Ephraim Gray opened a trading post on the site. Ephraim Gray became first postmaster in 1837, naming it after his hometown, Alabama. Huntsville became the home of Sam Houston, who served as President of the Republic of Texas, Governor of the State of Texas, Governor of Tennessee, U. S. Senator, Tennessee congressman. Houston led the Texas Army in the Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive victory of the Texas Revolution.
He has been noted for his life among the Cherokees of Tennessee, – near the end of his life – for his opposition to the American Civil War, a unpopular position in his day. Huntsville has two of Houston's homes, his grave, the Sam Houston Memorial Museum. Houston's life in Huntsville is commemorated by his namesake Sam Houston State University, by a 70 ft statue. Huntsville was the home of Samuel Walker Houston, a prominent African-American pioneer in the field of education, he was born into slavery on February 12, 1864 to a slave owned by Sam Houston. Samuel W. Houston founded the Galilee Community School in 1907, which became known as the Houstonian Normal and Industrial Institute, in Walker County, Texas. In 1995, on the grounds of the old Samuel W. Houston Elementary School, the Huntsville Independent School District, along with the Huntsville Arts Commission and the high school's Ex-Students Association, commissioned the creation of The Dreamers, a monument to underscore the black community's contributions to the growth and development of Huntsville and Walker County.
As of the census of 2010, there were 35,078 people, 10,266 households, 7,471 families residing in the city. The population density was 1438.3/km sq. There were 11,508 housing units at an average density of 1143.8/km sq. The racial makeup of the city was 65.78% White, 26.14% African American, 0.33% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 4.91% from Race other races, 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.22% of the population. There were 10,266 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 46.7% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city, the population was spread out with 15.1% under the age of 18, 29.3% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 152.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 163.8 males. The prison population is included in the city's population, which results in a skewed sex ratio; the median income for a household in the city was $27,075, the median income for a family was $40,562. Males had a median income of $27,386 versus $22,908 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,576. About 13.1% of families and 23.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over. Huntsville is located at 30°42′41″N 95°32′54″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a land area of 35.86 square miles in 2010. At the area code level, land area covers 559.661 sq. mi. and water area 7.786 sq. mi. Huntsville is about 70 miles north of Houston, it is part of the Texas Triangle megaregion. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Huntsville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. As of 2005 the largest employer in Huntsville is the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, with 6,744 employees. In 1996 the TDCJ had 5,219 employees in Huntsville. Robert Draper of the Texas Monthly described Huntsville as the "company town" of the TDCJ; as of 1996 the TDCJ employed over twice the number of people employed by Sam Houston State University, the city's second-largest employer. As of 2005 Sam Houston State remained the second-largest employer in Huntsville, with 2,458 employees; the university has a strong role in the study of criminology. The third-largest employer is the Huntsville Independent School District, with 974 employees; the fourth-largest employer, Huntsville Memorial Hospital, has 540 employees. 517 employees work for Wal-Mart. As of 2007 Huntsville's average income was lower than Texas's average income. Huntsville has the headquarters of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, the Tex
Texas Attorney General
The Texas Attorney General is the chief legal officer of the State of Texas. The current Attorney General Ken Paxton has served in this position since January 5, 2015; the department has offices at the William P. Clements State Office Building in Downtown Austin; the Office of the Attorney General was first established by executive ordinance of the Republic of Texas government in 1836. The attorneys general of the Republic of Texas and the first four attorneys general under the 1845 state constitution were appointed by the governor; the office was made elective in 1850 by constitutional amendment. The Attorney General is elected to a four-year term. In 2013, former Attorney General Greg Abbott announced he would not seek reelection and would run for Governor. In November 2014, he was elected as the Governor of Texas. Ken Paxton defeated former House Representative Dan Branch in the Republican primary by a 26% margin and was elected in the general election as the 50th Attorney General of Texas. Ken Paxton was sworn in on January 2015, in the Senate Chamber in the Texas Capitol.
Governor Rick Perry, Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst, United States Senator Ted Cruz, Lieutenant Governor-Elect Dan Patrick all participated in the swearing-in ceremony. The Attorney General is charged by the state constitution to represent the state in civil litigation and approve public bond issues. There are nearly 2,000 references to the Office of the Attorney General in state laws; the Office of the Attorney General serves as legal counsel to all boards and agencies of state government, issues legal opinions when requested by the governor, heads of state agencies and other officials and commissions, defends challenges to state laws and suits against both state agencies and individual employees of the state. These duties include representing the Director of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice in appeals from criminal convictions in federal courts; the Texas Constitution gives the Attorney General no general law-enforcement powers. The Texas Legislature has not given the Attorney General broad law-enforcement authority, but permits the Attorney General to act in criminal cases "at the request of" prosecutors.
The Office of the Attorney General, Law Enforcement Division employs a staff of sworn commissioned Texas peace officers that investigate public corruption, violent crime, human trafficking, money laundering, medicaid provider fraud, mortgage fraud, election violations, fugitives, investigate other special classes of offenses, conduct criminal investigations at the request of local prosecutors. In addition, the Law Enforcement Division is the state of Texas liaison to Interpol and the U. S. Department of the Treasury, Financial Crimes Enforcement Network; the office is charged with proceedings to secure child support through its Child Support Division. Many leading political figures in Texas history have served as Attorney General, several of them using the office as a jumping off place to other offices in the state and national government. Attorneys general James S. Hogg, Charles A. Culberson, Dan Moody, James Allred, Price Daniel, Mark White, Greg Abbott were elected governor. Culberson and John Cornyn were elected to the United States Senate.
First elected Attorney General of State of Texas. S. Supreme Court Opinions - "Cases with title containing: State of Texas" at FindLaw State Bar of Texas Texas Attorney General Opinions, hosted by the Portal to Texas History