RTS Widzew Łódź is a Polish football club based in Łódź. The club was founded in 1922 but traces its roots to TMRF Widzew founded in 1910, referring to the Widzew-district of Łódź, its official colours are red and white, hence their nicknames Czerwona Armia and Czerwono-biało-czerwoni. The club traces its roots to 5 November 1910 as Towarzystwo Miłośników Rozwoju Fizycznego Widzew in Widzew a suburb of Łódź. In 1922 the club was founded as Robotnicze Towarzystwo Sportowe Widzew. Widzew has won the 1985 Polish Cup, they have appeared in 117 matches in European Cups, of which they won 42. Widzew knocked European giants Manchester United out of the 1980–81 UEFA Cup, although their biggest achievement was reaching the semi-final of the 1982–83 European Cup, eliminating 3 times winners Liverpool along the way. In the beginning of season 2007/2008 Widzew was bought by one of the wealthiest men in Poland – Sylwester Cacek. In January 2008, while playing in the Second League, the Polish Football Association ruled that Widzew Łódź should be relegated due to their involvement in a corruption scandal.
However, Widzew became champion that year, were allowed to stay in the second division, renamed First League before the start of the 2008–09 season. Despite the deduction of six points as a penalty, Widzew managed to become champions once again, were promoted to the Ekstraklasa. In total, Widzew played 35 seasons at the highest level before being relegated in the 2013–14 season. Due to financial problems, Widzew finished last at the end of the 2014–15 I Liga season. Subsequently, the club ruled by Sylwester Cacek went bankrupt. In consequence local businessmen led by Marcin Ferdzyn and Grzegorz Waranecki decided to take on amateur status as a new association called Stowarzyszenie Reaktywacja Tradycji Sportowych Widzew Łódź, which continues the tradition of the old RTS Widzew Łódź; the new association was registered in a Polish court on 2.07.2015, within a few weeks of summer 2015 they managed to find new coach Witold Obarek and collect a new squad, which started the 2015/2016 season in the fifth tier of Polish football.
In first season in IV League Widzew has promoted to higher tier. In season 2016/17 Widzew achieved third place in III League, after Drwęca Nowe Miasto Lubawskie and ŁKS Łódź but next season yielded promotion to II League. Now, on the halfway point of season 2018/19 Widzew is leader with 37 points in 17 matches. Ekstraklasa: Winner: 1980–81, 1981–82, 1995–96, 1996–97 2nd place: 1976–77, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1994–95, 1998–99 Polish First League: Winner: 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10 Polish Cup: Winner: 1985 Polish SuperCup: Winner: 1996 Finalist: 1997 Polish League Cup: Finalist: 1977 UEFA Champions League/European Cup: Semi-Finalist: 1982–83 Copa del Sol: Runner-up: 2013 Polish U-19 Runner Up: 1995 Polish U-19 Bronze Medal: 1936, 1937, 1997 As of 11 August, 2018. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the club's home stadium was the Stadion Widzewa called Stadion im. Ludwika Sobolewskiego, which opened in 1930.
The stadium, owned by the city of Łódź, had a capacity of 10,500 seats. In early 2015, it was demolished to make way for a new stadium with 18,000 seats, it was intended the new stadium will be completed by November 2016. In the 2014–2015 season, its last season as a professional club, Widzewa played their home matches in Byczyna near Poddębice, 40 km west of Łódź. After bankruptcy and relegation to the 4th division a rebuilt team was forced to play its domestic games in Łódź at UKS SMS Łódź stadium, during the construction of a new Stadion Widzewa stadium; the first match on new stadium was played on 18 March 2017, Widzew won against Motor Lubawa 2:0. 17,443 fans attended the game. Widzew has one of the largest fan-bases in Poland with fan-clubs all around the country. Widzew's biggest rival is ŁKS Łódź. Legia Warsaw are big rivals, with whom they contest the Derby of Poland, which stems from the fact there were frequent title races between the two clubs. Widzew fans maintain friendly relations with fans of Ruch Chorzów, Elana Toruń, Wisła Kraków and PFC CSKA Moscow.
TMRF Widzew was a football team created by the active supporters of Widzew in 2014, who were in a long conflict with the club board. Only Widzew supporters were admitted to the squad. Football in Poland List of football teams Champions' Cup/League UEFA Cup Official website Widzew Łódź at 90minut.pl
PAOK Football Club known as PAOK FC, PAOK Thessaloniki or PAOK, is a professional Greek football club based in Thessaloniki and one of the top clubs in Greece. Established on 20 April 1926 by Greek Constantinopolitans who fled to Thessaloniki from the city of Constantinople in the wake of the Greco-Turkish War, they play their home games at Toumba Stadium, with a capacity of 28,701 seats, their name, along with the club's emblem, the Byzantine-style double-headed eagle with retracted wings, adopted three years after the establishment of the club, honours the memory of the people and places that once belonged to the Byzantine Empire and after the Fall of Constantinople were invaded and conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1453. Τhe club is one of the founding members of the Hellenic Football Federation, formed in 1926. PAOK plays in the top-flight Super League, which they have won twice, they are six-time winners of the Greek Cup. With a 14th-place finish being the worst position achieved, the team has never been relegated to a lower national division since its establishment in 1926, a feat equalled only by rivals Olympiacos and Panathinaikos.
The team has appeared several times in the UEFA Europa League, but has yet to reach the group stage of the UEFA Champions League. Their best European performance was in the 1973–74 season, when they reached the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. In addition to this, it is the only Greek team that has more wins than losses in all its European history. PAOK FC is the oldest division of P. A. O. K; the successor of Hermes ACAC, formed in 1875 by the Greek community of Pera, a district of Istanbul. The football club was founded in 1926, it was created by Constantinopolitans who fled to Thessaloniki after the Greek defeat in the Greco-Turkish War, although it was open to every citizen of Thessaloniki, leading to a minor rivalry with "AEK Thessalonikis", the other Constantinopolitan team of the city, in which played only refugees. The original logo of PAOK was a four-leaf clover. PAOK played their first game on May 4, 1926, at the Thermaikos stadium, defeating Megas Alexandros Thessaloniki 2–1.
The first coach of the club spent five years on the team's bench, was unpaid, Kostas Andreadis. Their first captain was Michalis Ventourelis; the season 1926–1927, PAOK participated in the 2nd division of Macedonia Football Clubs Association Championship, where was AEK Thessalonikis. The first official match of their history was on 12 December 1926, where they defeated Nea Genea 3–1, for the same division. After winning the championship of the 2nd division, forced by the organizing authority, to play with all club's from first division, he had to win them to be promoted, they won all four teams, Thermaikos with 4–1, Aris with 2–1, Atlantas with 1–0 and Iraklis with 1–0, was promoted. In 1927–1928 they participated for the first time in 1st division EPSM; the first professional contract was signed by the club on 5 September 1928. The contract stipulated that the French footballer Raymond Etienne—of Jewish descent from Pera Club—would be paid 4,000 drachmas per month; the contract was signed by Dr. Meletiou, the PAOK chairman, Mr. Sakellaropoulos, the Hon. Secretary.
In early 1929, AEK Thessalonikis was dissolved and its members joined PAOK. PAOK changed their emblem, adopting the two-headed eagle, until today; the double-headed eagle symbolizes the origins of the club in the former Byzantine capital and the legacy of the Greek refugees from the Ottoman Empire. PAOK got possession of AEK's facilities and the area around Syntrivani Square, next to the Childrens Asylum Institution, where today stands the Faculty of Theology of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. In 1930–1931 they made their debut in the Pan-Hellenic Championship, playing their first match the 1st of February 1931, against Olympiacos at Piraeus, where they were defeated with 3-1, ended the season in 5th place; the first foreign coach in the team's history was Austrian Rudolf Gasner, who served PAOK in 1931–1932. On 5 June 1932, the Syntrivani Stadium was inaugurated with PAOK's 3–2 victory over Iraklis. Syntrivani was to be their home ground for 27 years. In 1937, PAOK won their first title, the Macedonia Championship, participated in the Pan-Hellenic Championship, finishing second.
The 1937 team included: Sotiriadis, Goulios, Bostantzoglou, Glaros, Ioannidis, Koukoulas, Apostolou, Vasiliadis, Moschidis, Zacapidas. On May 28, 1939, PAOK competed for the first time in a Greek Cup final against AEK and was defeated 2–1 on the Apostolos Nikolaidis. In the same season they competed in the final of the 1939–40 Pan-Hellenic Championship, where they lost in double final from AEK. In 1940 they won the North Greece championship; the beginning of the Greco-Italian War brought the general mobilization in Greece, the end of every sport activity. PAOK's footballers were presented to Hellenic Army and two of them gave their lives to battle. Goalkeeper Nikos left defender Giorgos Vatikis. T
MKS Pogoń Szczecin is a Polish professional football club, based in Szczecin, West Pomeranian Voivodeship. The club was founded by Poles from Lwów, transferred west after the Soviet annexation of Poland's eastern territories in 1945; the founders of Pogoń Szczecin had been supporters of Pogoń Lwów and the colors of their new club reflect their old club. Polonia Bytom and Odra Opole were founded or revived by the former inhabitants of Lwów; the most popular sports organization in Szczecin was founded on 21 April 1948 as Klub Sportowy Sztorm. Its first departments were football and boxing, the football team began playing in the local C-Class championship. In March 1949, several sports clubs in Szczecin were merged into a large organization called Klub Sportowy Zwiazkowiec; the team of Zwiazkowiec joined local A-Class league, replacing Pocztowy KS. In November 1950, Zwiazkowiec was dissolved, a new organization, Klub Sportowy Kolejarz Szczecin was formed, its football team, supported by the Port of Szczecin, in 1953 was promoted to the newly created Interregional League, which covered the provinces of Szczecin, Zielona Góra and Poznań.
In autumn 1955, Kolejarz was renamed into Pogon Szczecin. The name and the hues of the club are a continuation of Pogon Lwow. In 1957, Pogon was runner up of the Interregional League, qualifying to the second division playoffs. After beating Flota Gdynia, Kujawiak Włocławek and Warta Gorzow, Pogon for the first time won promotion to the second level of Polish football system. In 1958, Pogon was the winner of Group North of the Second Division, winning promotion to the Ekstraklasa. In its top level debut, Pogon lost at home to Gwardia Warszawa 0–1. In 1960, Pogon was relegated from the Ekstraklasa, to return there in 1962. For most of the 1960s and 1970s, Pogon remained in the top Polish league, but remained an average team, without any successes; this changed in the early 1980s: in 1981, Pogon advanced to the final of the Cup of Poland, to lose 0–1 to Legia Warszawa. In 1982, Pogon again made it to the Cup final, to lose 0–1 to Lech Poznań. In 1984 Pogon, managed by Eugeniusz Ksol, for the first time in history was among top three teams in the Ekstraklasa, which meant that the team qualified for the UEFA Cup.
In its European debut, Pogon faced 1. FC Köln, with such stars as Harald Schumacher, Pierre Littbarski and Klaus Allofs. In the first leg (September 19, 1984 in Cologne, Pogon lost 1–2. In the second leg, Polish team lost 0 -- 1. In 1987, Pogon was Polish runner-up. Managed by Leszek Jezierski, the team played scoring plenty of goals. With such players as Mariusz Kuras, Marek Ostrowski and Marek Lesniak, Pogon was only behind Górnik Zabrze. In the first round of UEFA Cup, Pogon faced Hellas Verona, with Thomas Berthold and Preben Elkjær Larsen. In the first leg, Pogon tied at home 1–1. Two weeks Polish team lost in Italy 1–3. Pogoń in 2002 was on the brink of bankruptcy; as a result, fans created a new team on the basis of the reserves in the fourth division. However owner of Piotrcovia Piotrków Trybunalski Antoni Ptak decided to move the team and renamed the club MKS Pogoń Szczecin; the initial distrust was lost when the team performed well and used local players, however halfway through the 2005–06 season the team started underperforming and Ptak decided to replace the entire squad with only Brazilian nationals, making it the "most Brazilian team outside Brazil".
Antoni Ptak built a small training facility in Gutów Mały, meaning the home games were played 500 km away from Szczecin. The experiment failed and in 2007 Antoni Ptak moved away from football, leaving the club to be rebuilt on the basis of the 4th division counterpart set up by the fans, which acted as the reserve team in the meantime; the club was promoted to the Zachodnia group of the new II Liga for the 2007–08 season. The club earned promotion to the Polish First League after finishing 2nd in Western Group of Polish Second League in 2008–09 season. Pogoń returned to top division after finishing First League as runner-up in 2011–12 season. Polish championship runner-up: 21987, 2001Polish Championship bronze medal: 11984Polish Cup finalist: 31981, 1982, 2010 First Round of the 1984–85 UEFA Cup and the 1987–88 UEFA Cup Qualifying Round of the 2001–02 UEFA Cup Second Round of the 2005 UEFA Intertoto Cup Polish U-19 Champion: 1986,Polish U-19 Runner Up: 1965, 2016Polish U-19 Bronze Medal: 1960, 2008, 2012, 2014Polish U-17 Bronze Medal: 2002 As of 28 October, 2018.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the men's handball team competes in the Polish Ekstraklasa. Squad for the 2018–19 season Football in Poland Pogoń Szczecin official website Unofficial Pogoń Szczecin website Pogoń Szczecin at 90minut.pl
Poland the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With a population of 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin. Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north and Ukraine to the east and Czech Republic, to the south, Germany to the west; the establishment of the Polish state can be traced back to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin; this union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system which adopted Europe's first written national constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791.
More than a century after the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Germany, followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. More than six million Polish citizens, including 90% of the country's Jews, perished in the war. In 1947, the Polish People's Republic was established as a satellite state under Soviet influence. In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989, most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement, Poland reestablished itself as a presidential democratic republic. Poland is regional power, it has the fifth largest economy by GDP in the European Union and one of the most dynamic economies in the world achieving a high rank on the Human Development Index. Additionally, the Polish Stock Exchange in Warsaw is the largest and most important in Central Europe. Poland is a developed country, which maintains a high-income economy along with high standards of living, life quality, safety and economic freedom.
Having a developed school educational system, the country provides free university education, state-funded social security, a universal health care system for all citizens. Poland has 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Poland is a member state of the European Union, the Schengen Area, the United Nations, NATO, the OECD, the Three Seas Initiative, the Visegrád Group; the origin of the name "Poland" derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans that inhabited the Warta river basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name "Polanie" itself derives from the early Slavic word "pole". In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites, which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I. Early Bronze Age in Poland begun around 2400 BC, while the Iron Age commenced in 750 BC. During this time, the Lusatian culture, spanning both the Bronze and Iron Ages, became prominent; the most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement, dating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, around 700 BC.
Throughout the Antiquity period, many distinct ancient ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Poland in an era that dates from about 400 BC to 500 AD. These groups are identified as Celtic, Slavic and Germanic tribes. Recent archeological findings in the Kujawy region, confirmed the presence of the Roman Legions on the territory of Poland; these were most expeditionary missions sent out to protect the amber trade. The exact time and routes of the original migration and settlement of Slavic peoples lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented; the Slavic tribes who would form Poland migrated to these areas in the second half of the 5th century AD. Up until the creation of Mieszko's state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in 966 AD, the main religion of Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism. With the Baptism of Poland the Polish rulers accepted Christianity and the religious authority of the Roman Church.
However, the transition from paganism was not a smooth and instantaneous process for the rest of the population as evident from the pagan reaction of the 1030s. Poland began to form into a recognizable unitary and territorial entity around the middle of the 10th century under the Piast dynasty. Poland's first documented ruler, Mieszko I, accepted Christianity with the Baptism of Poland in 966, as the new official religion of his subjects; the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next few centuries. In 1000, Boleslaw the Brave, continuing the policy of his father Mieszko, held a Congress of Gniezno and created the metropolis of Gniezno and the dioceses of Kraków, Kołobrzeg, Wrocław. However, the pagan unrest led to the transfer of the capital to Kraków in 1038 by Casimir I the Restorer. In 1109, Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth defeated the King of Germany Henry V at the Battle of Hundsfeld, stopping the Ge