Robert Jungk was an Austrian writer and journalist who wrote on issues relating to nuclear weapons. Jungk was born into a Jewish family in Berlin, his father was David Baum. When Adolf Hitler came to power, Jungk was arrested and released, moved to Paris back to Nazi Germany to work in a subversive press service; these activities forced him to move through various cities, such as Prague and Zurich, during World War II. He continued journalism after the war, he is well known as the inventor of the future workshop, a method for social innovation, participation by the concerned, visionary future planning "from below". In chapter six of his book The Big Machine, Jungk described CERN as the place to find the "first Planetarians, earth dwellers who no longer feel loyalty to a single nation, a single continent, or a single political creed, but to common knowledge that they advance together." There is an international library in Salzburg called Robert-Jungk-Bibliothek für Zukunftsfragen. His book Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists was the first published account of the Manhattan Project and the German atomic bomb project, its first Danish edition included a passage which implied that the project had been purposely dissuaded from developing a weapon by Werner Heisenberg and his associates, led to a series of questions over a 1941 meeting between Bohr and Heisenberg in Copenhagen, the basis for Michael Frayn's 1998 play, Copenhagen.
In 1986, he received the Right Livelihood Award for "struggling indefatigably on behalf of peace, sane alternatives for the future and ecological awareness."In 1992 he made an unsuccessful bid for the Austrian presidency on behalf of the Green Party. Jungk died in Salzburg. Jungk, Robert. Tomorrow Is Already Here, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1954. Reportage on scientific and technical breakthroughs, a work of nascent dystopian'futurism'. Much of it was about what developed from the Manhattan Project, as well as things like "electronic brains". ---- Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists, New York: Harcourt Brace, 1958 ---- Children of the Ashes, 1st English ed. 1961. About Hiroshima ---- The Nuclear State ---- The Everyman Project ---- Future Workshops 1970: Honorary Professor at the Technical University of Berlin 1986: Right Livelihood Award 1989: Honorary Citizen of the City of Salzburg 1992: Alternative Büchner Prize 1993: Honorary Doctor of the University of Osnabrück 1993: Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art 1993: Salzburg Award for Future Research Alexander Sachs "Robert Jungk and social inventor" Works by Robert Jungk at Open Library Zukunftswerkstatt Robert Jungk & The New Encyclopedists revisited – a late eulogy at the 14th Anniversary of his death Works by or about Robert Jungk at Internet Archive
The Syunik rebellion of 1722–1730 was a rebellion against the invading Ottoman Empire in the southeastern region of Armenia. Sometimes the movement would fight battles against local Persian armies as well; the main objectives were to clear the area of Turkish troops and to liberate it under the control of local Armenians. The leaders of the liberation movement were Mkhitar Sparapet. Revue des études arméniennes: Volume 9 by Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Société des études armeniennes -, pg.305 Kiesling, Rediscovering Armenia: Guide, Armenia: Matit Graphic Design Studio Brady Kiesling, Rediscovering Armenia, p. 100, 101. Specific
Jewboy is a 2005 Australian film directed by Tony Krawitz. The film stars Ewen Leslie, Chris Haywood, Saskia Burmeister, Nicholas Eadie, it won the 2005 Australian Film Institute Awards for Best Short Fiction Film, Best Cinematography and Best Screenplay in a Short. The film tells of a young Orthodox Jewish man's struggle after the death of his father; the young man returns from Israel to find that he would prefer to leave Orthodoxy, departs from his remaining family to become a taxi driver. He assimilates into secular life, soon finding himself tempted to fornicate; the film appears to mimic the Parable of the Prodigal Son, with the main character appearing to reconsider Orthodox life at the end of the film by reuniting with his family. The film premiered in the Un Certain Regard at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival, as well as in official selection in the 2006 Sundance Film Festival. After the presentation, Tony Krawitz, the Jewish director, Ewen Leslie responded to various questions, claiming that the title was not meant to be offensive, the film had been prescreened by a Jewish audience to positive reviews.
Mer is a free and open-source software distribution, targeted at hardware vendors to serve as a middleware for Linux kernel-based mobile-oriented operating systems. It is a fork of MeeGo; some goals of the project are: Openly developed with transparency built into the fabric of the project Provide a mobile device oriented architecture Primary customers are mobile device vendors, not end-users. Have structure and tools to make life easy for device manufacturers Support innovation in the mobile OS space Inclusive of projects and technologies Governed as a meritocracy Run as a non profit through donations Mer is not an operating system. Mer is a part of the operating system below the graphical user interface. Mer just provides the equivalent of the MeeGo core; the former MeeGo user interfaces and hardware adaptation are to be done by various other projects and by hardware manufacturers, which will be able to build their products on top of the Mer core. There is support for systemd, Wayland and other current FOSS software.
Zephyr is an attempt at creating a stack for use by other projects to be exploring lightweight, high-performance, next-generation UIs based on Mer, Qt5, QML Compositor and Wayland. Weston 1.3, released on 11 October 2013, supports libhybris, making it possible to use Android device drivers with Wayland. Mer can be compiled for a number of instruction sets such as x86, ARM or MIPS. There are Mer-based builds available for various devices, including Raspberry Pi, Nokia N900, Nokia N950, Nokia N9 and for various Intel Atom-based tablets; these include hardware adaptation packages and various UXes running on top of Mer, provided by different projects. They might work in dual-boot mode with the original firmware. Mer uses Open Build Service: OBS in mer but with one repository per architecture: Mer was used as a reference platform for KDE's Plasma Active. In January 2012 a Plasma Active-tablet device known as'Spark tablet' and soon renamed'Vivaldi Tablet', was announced. Based on the Allwinner A20 SoC, it would have a 7" multitouch display, run the Plasma Active user interface on top of Mer, have a target price of about €200.
The project encountered some problems when its hardware partner in China changed the internal components and was reluctant to release the kernel source for the new hardware. As of early July 2012, the Vivaldi had been set back, but a solution was "in the pipes", according to Plasma developer Aaron Seigo; as a kind of side project Improv-computer was targeted for developers and was to be released in January 2014, Mer preinstalled. In mid 2014 both projects were discontinued. Parallel to Sailfish OS by Jolla, Nemo Mobile is a community-driven operating system based on a Linux kernel, Mer, a GUI and diverse applications. In July 2012 Jolla, a Finnish company founded by former Nokia employees involved in MeeGo development, announced their work on a new operating system called Sailfish OS, based on MeeGo and Mer's core with added proprietary GUI and hardware implementation layers, it was presented in late November 2012. Jolla released its first smartphone using Sailfish in 2013 called Jolla. In October 2014 Jolla announced for May 2015 the Jolla Tablet with Sailfish OS 2.0, to be 64-bit on quadcore Intel CPU.
2.0 is ready for licensing, hence it is used with products like Aqua Fish by Intex and PuzzlePhone. In November 2014, Yuanxin Technology in China announced it is working on Yuanxin OS; the company's president Shi Wenyong called the OS "China's own smartphone OS", to be on par with Android and Apple iOS. Mr. Shi explained to a reporter. Mer's initial aim to provide a free alternative to the Maemo operating system, able to run on Nokia Internet Tablets such as the N800 and N810, it was based on Ubuntu 9.04, with the release of Maemo 5/Fremantle, a new goal emerged: " as much of Fremantle as we can get on the N8x0." Mer suspended development at release 0.17, since focus had switched to building MeeGo for the N800 and N810 devices. By MeeGo was available and supported by a much wider community; the development was silently resumed during the summer of 2011 by a handful of MeeGo developers, after Nokia changed its strategy in February 2011. These developers were not satisfied with the way MeeGo had been governed behind closed doors after Nokia departed, they were concerned that MeeGo depended on big companies which could stop supporting it, as was the case when Nokia abandoned MeeGo as part of its new strategy.
This was again proven to be a problem after Intel and the Linux Foundation announced they were going to create a new operating system called Tizen. This new OS began focusing on HTML5 and using the Enlightenment Foundation Libraries instead of Qt for native applications. However, on May 14, 2014 it was announced that Tizen:Common would be bringing Qt back by starting to ship with it integrated. After the Tizen project was announced, the revival of the Mer project was announced on the MeeGo mailing list, with the promise that it would be developed and governed in the open as a meritocracy, unlike MeeGo and Tizen, it would be based on the MeeGo code base and tools, aiming to provide just the equivalent of the MeeGo core with no default UI. The APIs for third party application development are included, meaning that Qt, EFL, HTML5 would be supported on the platform, maybe others if re
Te Whanganui-a-Tara is the Māori name for Wellington Harbour. The term is used to refer to the city of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand, which lies on the shores of the harbour. Te Whanganui-a-Tara translates as "the great harbour of Tara", named for Tara, a son of Polynesian explorer Whatonga, whose descendants lived in the area. In Māori tradition, Te Whanganui-a-Tara is said to have been first discovered by Kupe, who visited in the 10th century. A number of place names in the area commemorate Kupe, such as Te Tangihanga o Kupe or Te Raranga o Kupe, Te Aroaro o Kupe or Te Ure o Kupe. Kupe named two islands in the harbour, Mākaro and Matiu. However, it is the rangatira Tara, remembered in the names of both the city and the first iwi to settle there permanently, Ngāi Tara. Another name for the region is "Te Upoko o te Ika a Māui", which means "the head of Māui’s fish". According to Māori legend, a giant fish was hooked and pulled to the surface by Polynesian navigator Māui and the fish turned into land which became the North Island.
The older name is still used in some circumstances for the city or the region, such as in the official Māori name of Victoria University of Wellington, Te Whare Wānanga o te Ūpoko o te Ika a Māui. Another Māori name for Wellington is Pōneke, a phonetic Māori transliteration of "Port Nick", short for "Port Nicholson". According to legend, the harbour of Te Whanganui-a-Tara was created by two taniwha, Whātaitai and Ngake. Whataitai lived in the north of the lake where the harbour now is, was gentle. Ngake, who lived further south, was more violent. Ngake could hear the waters of Raukawa Moana pounding to the south, decided to escape the lake to get to it, he went to the north of the lake to build up his speed for the attempt headed off towards the south. Ngake headed out into the Strait; this was seen by Whataitai. The water was now running out of the lake and Whataitai became stranded in the shallows, he stayed there for many generations before being lifted high onto the land by a great earthquake.
The soul of Whataitai left him in the form of Te Keo. It flew high above the harbour and wept for the taniwha, whose body was lifted high onto the hills close to the harbour entrance. To this day, Mount Victoria is known to Māori as Tangi Te Keo, "The weeping of Te Keo", the suburb on the hills below it is named Hataitai. Taniwha legend
"I'm Down" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles written by Paul McCartney and first released as the B-side to the single "Help!" in 1965. According to critic Richie Unterberger of AllMusic, "I'm Down" is "one of the most frantic rockers in the entire Beatles' catalog." McCartney told writer Barry Miles that the song and his vocal style on it were influenced by Little Richard, "I used to sing his stuff but there came a point when I wanted one of my own, so I wrote'I'm Down.'" The Beatles recorded "I'm Down" on 14 June 1965 in the same session as "Yesterday" and "I've Just Seen a Face". The Beatles recorded; the first of these takes can be heard on Anthology 2, with a quiet organ track and no backing vocals. At the beginning of the Anthology version, McCartney says, "Let's hope this one turns out pretty darn good, huh?" in a faux American accent. During the session between takes one and two, McCartney can be heard repeating the phrase "Plastic soul, plastic soul", he said that the phrase, which the Beatles adapted for the title of their album Rubber Soul, was used by black musicians to describe Mick Jagger.
The official release date for the "Help"/"I'm Down" single was 19 July 1965 on Capitol Records in the United States and 23 July on Parlophone in the United Kingdom. "I'm Down" was never released on an official Beatle studio album, was only available in the US in mono as the B-side of the "Help!" Single until the summer of 1976. That year, it appeared in stereo on Rock'n' Roll Music, a compilation LP released in the US by Capitol featuring up-tempo Beatles' tracks; the first CD release was in 1988 on the compilation Past Masters, Volume One, where it appeared in true stereo. There is an alternate version of the song on Anthology 2; the tempo is slower and there are no backing vocals. The Beatles used "I'm Down" to close concerts in their final year as a live act, replacing "Long Tall Sally" for most of those shows. During their performance at Shea Stadium in August 1965, the band played a memorably frenzied version of the song, with John Lennon playing runs on a Vox Continental combo organ with his elbows at times.
Lennon's antics caused both Lennon and George Harrison to laugh during the performance as they sing backing vocals from the same microphone. Footage of this performance may be seen on The Beatles Anthology video. Paul McCartney won praise for his soulful singing; the band played this song during their 12 September 1965 appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, recorded 14 August 1965, the day before the Shea concert. Lennon played the keyboard with his elbow for this performance as well. However, Lennon played guitar, rather than organ, for a version recorded in Tokyo on their 1966 tour though a Vox organ was set up on stage; the Beatles played "I'm Down" to close their brief live concert at the Circus Krone-Bau in Munich, West-Germany, on June 24, 1966. A recording of the show was aired on German television some time and can be accessed through several sites. In this show, just prior to playing "I'm Down", an interlude occurred providing a glimpse of the relationships between the band members: After the Beatles finished the next-to-last song on the playlist Paul McCartney announces in halting German that they will now play their final song and he thanks the audience.
But rather than starting to play, McCartney and George Harrison exchange a few words, it appears McCartney is saying that he forgot the first line of the song. John Lennon turns to McCartney and laughingly recites a line in the same rhythm; some commentators believe that Lennon was helping McCartney to remember, but in fact, he was playing a little joke on his bandmate, scanning "You feel down and you're not gonna sing". McCartney starts the song with the second verse. After the chorus, he tries his hand one more time on the first verse but never gets it right; the whole thing seems to take place in a spirit of fun. McCartney played the song to open his set at The Concert for New York City following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks; the concert was held at Madison Square Garden in support of firefighters and other public workers who suffered from the aftermath of the attacks. He reintroduced "I'm Down" into his set list for his three concerts at Citi Field in July 2009. Paul McCartney – lead vocal, bass John Lennon – backing vocal, rhythm guitar, Vox Continental organ George Harrison – backing vocal, lead guitar Ringo Starr – drums, bongosPersonnel per Ian MacDonald.
Heart covered this song as a medley with "Long Tall Sally" on their 1980 album Greatest Hits Live. It was on the live side of the album. In 1983, Adrian Belew released his second solo record, Twang Bar King, which began with a version of this song. In 1982, Jay Ferguson recorded it for his album White Noise. Aerosmith recorded a cover version of this song for the band's 1987 album Permanent Vacation. Deacon Blue released a live cover version of this song as a B-side on their 1991 single, "Twist and Shout"; the Kentucky Headhunters included a cover version on their 2006 album Big Boss Man. A live cover of this song recorded in 1976 appears on the YesYears box set by Yes; the band did the song live during the 9012Live tour, with a performance in Dortmund, Germany featuring Jimmy Page playing with them on the song. New Grass Revival included a cover of this song on their 1989 album Friday Night in America