Sunset Transit Center
The Sunset Transit Center is a TriMet bus transit center and light rail station on the MAX Blue and Red lines in Washington County, Oregon. It opened for MAX in 1998 and is the 5th stop westbound on the Westside MAX; this is the first stop after the Robertson Tunnel under Portland's West Hills. Sunset TC is the second-busiest station on the Westside MAX line, with a weekday average of 6,000 daily riders in 2012. Though the station has a Portland address, it serves residents of the communities of Cedar Hills, Cedar Mill, Beaverton. Named for the adjacent Sunset Highway, the transit center has a pedestrian bridge over that freeway, to connect to the Cedar Hills Shopping Center and Cedar Hills neighborhood. Several bus routes serve the center; the transit center's MAX platforms are below street level, set in an open cut west of an unnamed 600-foot-long tunnel to the shoulder of Oregon Route 217. Multiple bus stops are located around the top of the station pit, at the station's west end is a two-story park-and-ride garage with 622 parking spaces on three levels.
The garage includes a unused 74-space secured parking area for bicycles, opened in 2010. The park-and-ride is the busiest park-and-ride in TriMet's system; the parking garage opened on March 3, 1997, served by a single bus line whose route was altered for the purpose, because its construction was completed well ahead of the opening of the Westside MAX line. Route 89 provided service between downtown Rock Creek at that time; the transit center opened on September 12, 1998, with the start of MAX service and the addition of several more bus routes, the latter altered to serve Sunset TC in place of the 1979-opened Cedar Hills Transit Center, located on the other side of the freeway. Sunset TC is the second-busiest MAX station on Portland's west side, with a weekday average of 6,000 daily riders in 2012. In 2010, TriMet converted eight automobile parking spaces to a secure bicycle parking area, opening in July of that year; the bicycle parking cage was built at a cost of $275,000, using federal economic-stimulus funding, has a capacity of 74 bicycles.
As of April 2011, its usage was averaging 1.2 bicycles per day, with an observed maximum of seven bicycles. TriMet closed the MAX station platforms on September 3, 2014 in order to replace the platforms, with trains passing through but not stopping during the closure period; the station reopened on September 17, two days ahead of schedule. On October 24, 2016, POINT began serving the transit center with its Portland–Astoria service, four times a day; this station by Sunset Highway is served by the following bus lines: 20 - Burnside/Stark 48 - Cornell 50 - Cedar Mill 59 - Walker/Park Way 62 - Murray Blvd POINT service to Astoria, on the Oregon Coast Tillamook County Transportation District service to Tillamook, on the Oregon Coast Forest Heights Shuttle List of TriMet transit centers Sunset Transit Center – TriMet page Tillamook County Transportation District
The Pacific Northwest, sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east. Though no official boundary exists, the most common conception includes the Canadian province of British Columbia and the U. S. states of Idaho and Washington. Broader conceptions reach north into Southeast Alaska and Yukon, south into northern California, east to the Continental Divide to include Western Montana and parts of Wyoming. Narrower conceptions may be limited to the coastal areas west of the Coast mountains; the variety of definitions can be attributed to overlapping commonalities of the region's history, geography and other factors. The Northwest Coast is the coastal region of the Pacific Northwest, the Northwest Plateau is the inland region; the term "Pacific Northwest" should not be confused with the Northwest Territory or the Northwest Territories of Canada. The region's largest metropolitan areas are Greater Seattle, with 3.8 million people.
A key aspect of the Pacific Northwest is the US–Canada international border, which the United States and the United Kingdom established at a time when the region's inhabitants were composed of indigenous peoples. The border—in two sections, along the 49th parallel south of British Columbia and the Alaska Panhandle west of northern British Columbia—has had a powerful effect on the region. According to Canadian historian Ken Coates, the border has not influenced the Pacific Northwest—rather, "the region's history and character have been determined by the boundary". Definitions of the Pacific Northwest region vary, Pacific Northwesterners do not agree on the exact boundary; the most common conception includes the U. S. states of Idaho and Washington and the Canadian province of British Columbia. Broader definitions of the region have included the U. S. states of Alaska and parts of the states of California and Wyoming, the Canadian territory of the Yukon. Definitions based on the historic Oregon Country reach east to the Continental Divide, thus including all of Idaho and parts of western Montana and western Wyoming.
Sometimes, the Pacific Northwest is defined as being the Northwestern United States excluding Canada. Note that these types of definitions are made by government agencies whose scope is limited to the United States; the Pacific Northwest has been occupied by a diverse array of indigenous peoples for millennia. The Pacific Coast is seen by some scholars as a major coastal migration route in the settlement of the Americas by late Pleistocene peoples moving from northeast Asia into the Americas; the coastal migration hypothesis has been bolstered by findings such as the report that the sediments in the Port Eliza Cave on Vancouver Island indicate the possibility of survivable climate as far back as 16 kya in the area, while the continental ice sheets were nearing their maximum extent. Other evidence for human occupation dating back as much as 14.5 kya is emerging from Paisley Caves in south-central Oregon. However, despite such research, the coastal migration hypothesis is still subject to considerable debate.
Due in part to the richness of Pacific Northwest Coast and river fisheries, some of the indigenous peoples developed complex sedentary societies, while remaining hunter-gatherers. The Pacific Northwest Coast is one of the few places where politically complex hunter-gatherers evolved and survived to historic contacts, therefore has been vital for anthropologists and archaeologists seeking to understand how complex hunter and gatherer societies function; when Europeans first arrived on the Northwest Coast, they found one of the world's most complex hunting and fishing societies, with large sedentary villages, large houses, systems of social rank and prestige, extensive trade networks, many other factors more associated with societies based on domesticated agriculture. In the interior of the Pacific Northwest, the indigenous peoples, at the time of European contact, had a diversity of cultures and societies; some areas were home to egalitarian societies. Others along major rivers such as the Columbia and Fraser, had complex, sedentary societies rivaling those of the coast.
In British Columbia and Southeast Alaska, the Tlingit and Haida erected large and elaborately carved totem poles that have become iconic of Pacific Northwest artistic traditions. Throughout the Pacific Northwest, thousands of indigenous people live, some continue to practice their rich cultural traditions, "organizing their societies around cedar and salmon". In 1579 the British captain and erstwhile privateer Francis Drake sailed up the west coast of North America as far as Oregon before returning south to land and make ship repairs. At this landing site near present-day San Francisco, Drake made a symbolic claim of the region for England, naming it New Albion. Juan de Fuca, a Greek captain sailing for the Crown of Spain found the Strait of Juan de Fuca around 1592; the strait was whether he discovered it or not has long been questioned. During the early 1740s, Imperial Russia sent the Dane Vitus Bering to the region. By the late 18th century and into the mid-19th century, Russian settlers had established several posts and communities on the northeast Pacific coast reaching a
Japanese Americans are Americans who are or of Japanese descent those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics. Japanese Americans were among the three largest Asian American ethnic communities during the 20th century. According to the 2010 census, the largest Japanese American communities were found in California with 272,528, Hawaii with 185,502, New York with 37,780, Washington with 35,008, Illinois with 17,542, Ohio with 16,995. Southern California has the largest Japanese American population in North America and the city of Torrance holds the densest Japanese American population in the 48 contiguous states. People from Japan began migrating to the US in significant numbers following the political and social changes stemming from the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Large numbers went to Hawaii and the West Coast. In 1907, the "Gentlemen's Agreement" between the governments of Japan and the US ended immigration of Japanese unskilled workers, but permitted the immigration of businessmen and spouses of Japanese immigrants in the US.
The Immigration Act of 1924 banned the immigration of nearly all Japanese. The ban on immigration produced unusually well-defined generational groups within the Japanese American community. Original immigrants belonged to an immigrant generation, the Issei, their US-born children to the Nisei Japanese American generation; the Issei comprised those who had immigrated before 1924. Because no new immigrants were permitted, all Japanese Americans born after 1924 were—by definition—born in the US; this generation, the Nisei, became a distinct cohort from the Issei generation in terms of age and English-language ability, in addition to the usual generational differences. Institutional and interpersonal racism led many of the Nisei to marry other Nisei, resulting in a third distinct generation of Japanese Americans, the Sansei. Significant Japanese immigration did not occur again until the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 ended 40 years of bans against immigration from Japan and other countries.
The Naturalization Act of 1790 restricted naturalized United States citizenship to "free white persons", which excluded the Issei from citizenship. As a result, the Issei were unable to vote and faced additional restrictions such as the inability to own land under many state laws. Japanese Americans were parties in several important Supreme Court decisions, including Ozawa v. United States and Korematsu v. United States; the Korematsu case originated the "strict scrutiny" standard, applied, with great controversy, in government considerations of race since the 1989 Adarand Constructors v. Peña decision. In recent years, immigration from Japan has been more like that from Western Europe; the numbers involve on average 5 to 10 thousand per year, is similar to the amount of immigration to the US from Germany. This is in stark contrast to the rest of Asia, where family reunification is the primary impetus for immigration. During World War II, an estimated 120,000 Japanese Americans and Japanese nationals or citizens residing on the West Coast of the United States were forcibly interned in ten different camps across the western interior of the country.
The internments were based on the ancestry rather than activities of the interned. Families, including children, were interned together. Four decades the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 acknowledged the "fundamental violations of the basic civil liberties and constitutional rights" of the internment. Many Japanese-Americans consider the term internment camp a euphemism and prefer to refer to the forced relocation of Japanese-Americans as imprisonment in concentration camps. Webster's New World Fourth College Edition defines a concentration camp as, "A prison camp in which political dissidents, members of minority ethnic groups, etc. are confined." The nomenclature for each of their generations who are citizens or long-term residents of countries other than Japan, used by Japanese Americans and other nationals of Japanese descent are explained here. The Japanese American communities have themselves distinguished their members with terms like Issei and Sansei, which describe the first and third generations of immigrants.
The fourth generation is called Yonsei, the fifth is called Gosei. The term Nikkei encompasses Japanese immigrants of all generations; the kanreki, a pre-modern Japanese rite of passage to old age at 60, is now being celebrated by increasing numbers of Japanese American Nisei. Rituals are enactments of shared meanings and values. Issei and many nisei speak Japanese in addition to English as a second language. In general generations of Japanese Americans speak English as their first language, though some do learn Japanese as a second language. In Hawaii however, where Nikkei are about one-fifth of the whole population, Japanese is a major language and studied by many of the state's residents across ethnicities, it is taught in private Japanese language schools as early as the second grade. As a courtesy to the large number of Japanese tourists, Japanese characters are provided on place signs, public transportation, civic facilities; the Hawaii media market h
Garden of Remembrance (Seattle)
The Garden of Remembrance is a memorial in honor of over 8,000 Washington State residents who have died in wars since World War II. The memorial includes a passage from Laurence Binyon's poem, "For the Fallen". Designed by Robert Murase, the Garden is located on the Second Street side of Benaroya Hall
Wilsonville Memorial Park
Wilsonville Memorial Park is a large municipal park in Wilsonville, United States. Opened in 1969, the 126-acre park is the oldest in the city. Located off Wilsonville Road east of Interstate 5, the park includes a plaza with water features, athletic fields and courts, trails, a skatepark, picnic areas, a dog park, playground equipment. Part of the park includes a public boat dock. Wilsonville residents voted to incorporate as a city in 1968, with the city forming the next year; that year the city purchased about 61 acres along the Willamette River on the east side of Interstate 5 to be used as a park, named Wilsonville Memorial Park. In June 1987, residents approved a bond measure to build a library and add 41.5 acres to Memorial Park. This land was located along the Willamette River west of the original part of the park and was purchased from Nike, Inc. for $1.1 million. The next year the city built new restrooms at the park near the river. In January 1989, Wilsonville renamed the park as Phillip R. Balsiger Memorial Park in honor of the city's first mayor and promoter of incorporating the community.
Balsiger, who died the year before, served four terms as mayor and worked to create and design the park. Some residents objected to the name lack of public participation in the decision; this led to a petition drive to restore the park's original name, which the city council voted in favor of restoring the original name in November 1989. Wilsonville hired design firm Walker and Macy to create a master plan for the park in September 1990. At that time 40 of the 102 acres in the park were undeveloped, with the developed portion containing four baseball/softball fields along with children's play equipment. In January 1991, the city approved plans to develop the park's western section; the first phase of this development was to include new roads, new parking lots, a playground, a lighted tennis court, a softball field at a cost of $825,000. Wilsonville's city council approved $500,000 for the project in May 1991, but issues with drainage in the park created problems with the plans. In July 1992, plans were finalized and construction began on some of the original improvements.
Costing about $423,000, the improvements included expanding the drainage system, a new ball field, preparations for adding a playground and snack bar. Wilsonville purchased the Boozier property at the north end of the park in 1993, land totaling 22 acres. City voters rejected a $940,000 bond measure in 1995 that would have added more athletic fields to the park along with an amphitheater. In 1996, a Boy Scout Eagle Project re-opened the community garden at Memorial Park after the original garden program ended in the 1980s due to lack of interest. In 1996, a full-size and half-size basketball courts were added to the park after donations by Nike and Hollywood Entertainment, who both had large operations in the city at that time. In April 1998, the city approved adding a skatepark at Memorial Park north of the tennis courts; the skatepark opened in 2000, paid for in part by private donations. In 2000, the city started Wilsonville Celebration Days to replace the Boones Ferry Days, with the new event centered on activities at Memorial Park, as the old event had as well.
Beginning in 2001, the city has entertained proposals for building an aquatic center in Memorial Park. A new city hall was proposed for the city to be located next to the northern end of the park near Wilsonville Road in 2002. However, citizen opposition led to the scrapping of that plan and recall attempts against the mayor and two city councilors. A new city hall opened in September 2006 a few blocks north of Memorial Park. During the summer of 2006, Murase Plaza was opened at the northwest corner of the park. Named City Center Park, the area added a water feature and amphitheater to Memorial Park. In June 2006, the water features at Murase Plaza were temporarily closed due to unhealthy water; the city purchased 11 acres of land across Wilsonville Road in November 2007 for $4.2 million in order to build an affordable senior housing complex. Most of this land is wetlands and has slopes that cannot be used for the complex, which will be added to Memorial Park. In September 2008, the Stein Homestead Barn re-opened after nearly $430,000 in restorations and improvements.
Memorial Park at 126 acres is Wilsonville's largest park, is the oldest park. Located between the Willamette River and Wilsonville Road, Boeckman Creek flows through the park on its way to emptying into the Willamette; the park includes a trail system, athletic facilities, forested areas, picnic areas, restrooms, a skatepark among other features. Murase Plaza includes an amphitheater and water features; the plaza was named after Robert Murase who died before it opened. Athletic facilities at the park include several courts. Courts include one full-sized basketball court, a half-sized basketball court, two tennis courts, a beach volleyball court; the fields include one baseball field, four softball fields, three soccer fields that overlay the softball diamonds' outfields. Memorial Park includes the only skatepark in the city. Other developed amenities in the park include picnic shelters, a dog park, parking lots, picnic tables, a community center, a boat dock, children's play equipment. Memorial Park has two main picnic shelters, the River Shelter with a capacity of 200 people and the smaller Forest Shelter that seats 150.
A third shelter is located at the athletic fields. The dog park area is the only off-leash area in the city. Stein Homestead Barn serves as a community space u
Isamu Noguchi was a Japanese American artist and landscape architect whose artistic career spanned six decades, from the 1920s onward. Known for his sculpture and public works, Noguchi designed stage sets for various Martha Graham productions, several mass-produced lamps and furniture pieces, some of which are still manufactured and sold. In 1947, Noguchi began a collaboration with the Herman Miller company, when he joined with George Nelson, Paul László and Charles Eames to produce a catalog containing what is considered to be the most influential body of modern furniture produced, including the iconic Noguchi table which remains in production today, his work lives on at the Noguchi Museum in New York City. Isamu Noguchi was born in Los Angeles, the illegitimate son of Yone Noguchi, a Japanese poet, acclaimed in the United States, Léonie Gilmour, an American writer who edited much of Noguchi's work. Yone had ended his relationship with Gilmour earlier that year and planned to marry The Washington Post reporter Ethel Armes.
After proposing to Armes, Yone left for Japan in late August, settling in Tokyo and awaiting her arrival. In 1906, Yone invited Léonie to come to Tokyo with their son, she at first refused, but growing anti-Japanese sentiment following the Russo-Japanese War convinced her to take up Yone's offer. The two departed from San Francisco in March 1907. Upon arrival, their son was given the name Isamu. However, Yone had married a Japanese woman by the time they arrived, was absent from his son's childhood. After again separating from Yone, Léonie and Isamu moved several times throughout Japan. In 1912, while the two were living in Chigasaki, Isamu's half-sister, pioneer of the American Modern Dance movement Ailes Gilmour, was born to Léonie and an unknown father. Here, Léonie had a house built for the three of them, a project that she had the 8-year-old Isamu "oversee". Nurturing her son's artistic ability, she put him in charge of their garden and apprenticed him to a local carpenter. However, they moved once again in December 1917 to an English-speaking community in Yokohama.
In 1918, Noguchi was sent back to the U. S. for schooling in Rolling Prairie, Indiana. After graduation, he left with Dr. Edward Rumely to LaPorte, where he found boarding with a Swedenborgian pastor, Samuel Mack. Noguchi began attending La Porte High School, graduating in 1922. During this period of his life, he was known by the name "Sam Gilmour". After high school, Noguchi explained his desire to become an artist to Rumely. Best known as the creator of Mount Rushmore National Memorial, Borglum was at the time working on the group called Wars of America for the city of Newark, New Jersey, a piece that includes forty-two figures and two equestrian sculptures; as one of Borglum's apprentices, Noguchi received little training as a sculptor. He did, pick up some skills in casting from Borglum's Italian assistants fashioning a bust of Abraham Lincoln. At summer's end, Borglum told Noguchi that he would never become a sculptor, prompting him to reconsider Rumely's prior suggestion, he traveled to New York City, reuniting with the Rumely family at their new residence, with Dr. Rumely's financial aid enrolled in February 1922 as a premedical student at Columbia University.
Soon after, he met the bacteriologist Hideyo Noguchi, who urged him to reconsider art, as well as the Japanese dancer Michio Itō, whose celebrity status helped Noguchi find acquaintances in the art world. Another influence was his mother, who in 1923 moved from Japan to California later to New York. In 1924, while still enrolled at Columbia, Noguchi followed his mother's advice to take night classes at the Leonardo da Vinci Art School; the school's head, Onorio Ruotolo, was impressed by Noguchi's work. Only three months Noguchi held his first exhibit, a selection of plaster and terracotta works, he soon dropped out of Columbia University to pursue sculpture full-time, changing his name from Gilmour to Noguchi. After moving into his own studio, Noguchi found work through commissions for portrait busts, he won the Logan Medal of the Arts. During this time, he frequented avant garde shows at the galleries of such modernists as Alfred Stieglitz and J. B. Neuman, took a particular interest in a show of the works of Romanian-born sculptor Constantin Brâncuși.
In late 1926, Noguchi applied for a Guggenheim Fellowship. In his letter of application, he proposed to study stone and wood cutting and to gain "a better understanding of the human figure" in Paris for a year spend another year traveling through Asia, exhibit his work, return to New York, he was awarded the grant despite being three years short of the age requirement. Noguchi arrived in Paris in April 1927 and soon afterward met the American author Robert McAlmon, who brought him to Constantin Brâncuși's studio for an introduction. Despite a language barrier between the two artists, Noguchi was taken in as Brâncuși's assistant for the next seven months. During this time, Noguchi gained his footing in stone sculpture, a medium with which he was unacquainted, though he would admit that one of Brâncuși's greatest teachings was to appreciate "the value of the moment". Meanwhile, Noguchi f
Town Center Park
Town Center Park is a small municipal park in Wilsonville, United States. Located in the middle of Wilsonville's town center, the 5-acre park cost $4.5 million to complete. The park includes the Oregon Korean War Memorial, a visitor's center, paths, a play area, picnic tables, an amphitheater among other features. Completed in 2005, Town Center Park is home to Wilsonville's first interactive water feature. Capital Realty donated the land for a park in the center of the Wilsonville town center development in 1994 on condition that it be used as a park. In September 1996, the city started to get more input from city residents on the plans for what was to be a $2 million park. Early plans for the park included a war memorial for the Korean War, a clock tower, a pond, a fountain, picnic areas, a basketball court, a play area for children, paths, an amphitheater, a pavilion area to be covered and used to host events such as street fairs. Parking was to be built, which included spaces for recreational vehicles.
By October 1996, the estimated cost to build the park had increased to $3.3 million. All funding for the park had been secured at that time, was to come from Wilsonville and the county's lodging taxes and from a $1 million grant by the county's tourism council to be used to build a visitor's center. Wilsonville's parks board approved of the plans that included the war memorial, the visitor's center, paths, the amphitheater, lawns at that time; the visitor's center would provide restrooms for the park, offer meeting space for the community, be the home of the city's chamber of commerce. In November 1996, Oregon voters passed Ballot Measure 47, which lowered property tax rates and imposed restrictions on raising those rates. Due to the passage of the measure, the city delayed the project because of concerns about the impact of the measure on funding for building and maintaining the park; the estimated cost to build Town Center Park at that time was $3.3 million. Plans for building the park moved forward, construction of the regional visitor's center began in June 1998.
The building opened at Town Center Park in April 1999 at a cost of $1.5 million. Construction on the war memorial started with a groundbreaking ceremony on May 4, 2000. In September 2000, the memorial was opened in the park to pay tribute to those soldiers from Oregon who died in the Korean War. During the summer months in 2000 and 2001 the park hosted a small farmer's market run by the chamber of commerce. In 2000, the park began hosting the annual Wilsonville Celebration Days; the park was completed in the Spring of 2005 when the final phase of construction finished after adding several features, including an interactive water play area, the first in the city. The water feature had been delayed due to a water shortage in the city before the completion of a new water treatment plant; this last phase cost around $1.2 million and was paid for through funds generated by an urban renewal district and built by Hoffman Construction. Total costs for building the park came to $4.5 million. The fountain had to be closed due to water quality issues in June 2007, but re-opened a few days later.
In October 2008, free Wi-Fi service was added to the park by the chamber of commerce. Located within the 5-acre park are several structures and a variety of features; these include a visitor information center. The 5,000-square-foot visitor's center at the park was paid for by Clackamas County's Tourism Development Council and is operated by the Wilsonville Chamber of Commerce. A brick and glass structure, it is located at the southwest corner of the park and was constructed by First Cascade Corporation; the building includes the park's public restrooms. The park was designed by Murase Associates, headed by landscape architect Robert Murase. Features at the park include a water feature for people to play in, an amphitheater with stage, a picnic shelter, picnic tables, children's play equipment, a half-sized basketball court; the water feature is a zero-depth interactive element that has water cascade down a series of concrete channels to a small pond that contains bubblers. There is the Rotary Rose Garden operated by the local Rotary Club and trees dedicated to the city's sister city relationship.
Town Center Park is used to stage many community events in Wilsonville. In May or June, Town Center Park is the site of the Wilsonville Festival of the Arts featuring local and regional artists in a variety of disciplines from pottery to photography; the festival began in 2000. During parts of July and into August the park is host to the Wilsonville Rotary Summer Concerts on Thursday nights, a free concert series. In August, the park plays host to the annual Fun in the Park Festival that includes concerts, children's exhibits and food and wares vendors; the one-day event is part of Wilsonville Celebration Days and replaced Boone's Ferry Days in the year 2000, draws in excess of 6,000 people to the park. Graham Oaks Nature Park Wilsonville Memorial Park Media related to Town Center Park at Wikimedia Commons Festival of Arts Fun in the Park