Robert Norton Noyce, nicknamed "the Mayor of Silicon Valley," was an American physicist who co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel Corporation in 1968. He is credited with the realization of the first monolithic integrated circuit or microchip, which fueled the personal computer revolution and gave Silicon Valley its name. Noyce was born on December 12, 1927, in Burlington, Iowa the third of four sons of the Rev. Ralph Brewster Noyce, his father graduated from Doane College, Oberlin College, the Chicago Theological Seminary and was nominated for a Rhodes Scholarship. In the 1930s and 1940s, the Reverend Noyce worked as a Congregational clergyman and as the associate superintendent of the Iowa Conference of Congregational Churches, his mother, Harriet May Norton, was the daughter of the Rev. Milton J. Norton, a Congregational clergyman, Louise Hill, she was a graduate of Oberlin College and prior to her marriage, she had dreams of becoming a missionary. She has been described as an intelligent woman with a commanding will.
Noyce had three siblings: Gaylord Brewster Noyce and Ralph Harold Noyce. His earliest childhood memory involved beating his father at ping pong and feeling shocked when his mother reacted to the thrilling news of his victory with a distracted "Wasn't that nice of Daddy to let you win?" At the age of five, Noyce felt offended by the notion of intentionally losing at anything. "That's not the game", he sulked to his mother. "If you're going to play, play to win!"When Noyce was 12 years old in the summer of 1940, he and his brother built a boy-sized aircraft, which they used to fly from the roof of the Grinnell College stables. He built a radio from scratch and motorized his sled by welding a propeller and an engine from an old washing machine to the back of it, his parents were both religious but Noyce became an agnostic and irreligious in life. Noyce grew up in Iowa. While in high school, he exhibited a talent for mathematics and science and took the Grinnell College freshman physics course in his senior year.
He graduated from Grinnell High School in 1945 and entered Grinnell College in the fall of that year. He was the star diver on the 1947 Midwest Conference Championship swim team. While at Grinnell College, Noyce played the oboe and acted. In Noyce's junior year, he got in trouble for stealing a 25-pound pig from the Grinnell mayor's farm and roasting it at a school luau; the mayor sent a letter home to Noyce's parents stating that “In the agricultural state of Iowa, stealing a domestic animal is a felony which carries a minimum penalty of a year in prison and a fine of one dollar.” So Noyce would have to be expelled from school. Grant Gale, Noyce's physics professor and president of the college, did not want to lose a student with Robert's potential, they were able to compromise with the mayor so that Grinnell would compensate him for the pig, Noyce would only be suspended for one semester, no further charges would be pressed. He returned in February 1949, he graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a BA in physics and mathematics in 1949.
He received a signal honor from his classmates: the Brown Derby Prize, which recognized "the senior man who earned the best grades with the least amount of work". While Noyce was an undergraduate, he was fascinated by the field of physics and took a course in the subject, taught by professor Grant Gale. Gale obtained two of the first transistors to come out of Bell Labs and showed them off to his class. Noyce was hooked. Gale suggested. Noyce had a mind so quick that his graduate school friends called him "Rapid Robert." He received his doctorate in physics from MIT in 1953. After graduating from MIT in 1953, Noyce took a job as a research engineer at the Philco Corporation in Philadelphia, he left in 1956 to join William Shockley, a co-inventor of the transistor and eventual Nobel Prize winner, at the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory in Mountain View, California. Noyce left a year with the "traitorous eight" upon having issues with Shockley's management style, co-founded the influential Fairchild Semiconductor corporation.
According to Sherman Fairchild, Noyce's impassioned presentation of his vision was the reason Fairchild had agreed to create the semiconductor division for the traitorous eight. After Jack Kilby invented the first hybrid integrated circuit in 1958, Noyce in 1959 independently invented a new type of integrated circuit, the monolithic integrated circuit, it was more practical than Kilby's implementation. Noyce's design was made of silicon. Noyce's invention was the first monolithic integrated circuit chip. Unlike Kilby's IC which had external wire connections and could not be mass-produced, Noyce's monolithic IC chip put all components on a chip of silicon and connected them with copper lines; the basis for Noyce's monolithic IC was the planar process, developed in early 1959 by Jean Hoerni. In turn, the basis for Hoerni's planar process were the silicon surface passivation and thermal oxidation methods developed by Mohamed Atalla in 1957. Noyce and Gordon Moore founded Intel in 1968. Arthur Rock, the chairman of Intel's board and a major investor in the company, said that for Intel to succeed, the company needed Noyce and Andrew Grove.
And it needed them in that order. Noyce: the visionary, born to inspire; the relaxed culture that Noyce brought to Intel was a carry-over from his style at Fairchild Semiconductor. He treated employees as family and encouragi
Oakland Community Unit School District 5 is a small unified school district based in the village of Oakland, a small community in the northeastern reaches of Coles County, Illinois. Oakland Community Unit School District 5 is composed of two schools. Graduates move forward to attend nearby Oakland High School, which educates those in grades nine though twelve. Oakland High School is governed by the same principal as Jim Eastin; the district superintendent is named Michael Smith, the districtwide mascot is the Titan. GreatSchools.net ranked Lake Crest Elementary School at a seven on a scale out of ten. According to the front page as of the 2007-08 school year, the district is collaborating with Kansas Community Unit School District 3 over the subject of athletics; this partnership has been ongoing since the 2003-04 school year. Athletic teams compete under the name of Tri-County. District website GreatSchools.net Information on Oakland Cusd 5, retrieved 2008-6-15
Youssef Absi, S. M. S. P. is the current patriarch of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church since June 21, 2017. On May 6, 1973, Youssef Absi was ordained a priest and became chaplain of the Missionary Society of St. Paul, a Melkite Greek Society of Apostolic Life, known as the Pères Paulistes. After the conclusion of philosophical and theological studies at the Major Seminary of St. Paul in Harissa, Lebanon, he obtained a licentiate in philosophy at the Lebanese University, a licentiate in theology at the Institute of St. Paul in Harissa, a doctorate in musical science and hymnography at the Holy Spirit University of Kaslik. On June 22, 2001, he was appointed titular archbishop of Tarsus dei Greco-Melkiti and curial bishop and auxiliary bishop in the Melkite Patriarchate. Patriarch Gregory III Laham was his consecrator, the co-consecrators were Archbishop Jean Mansour, titular archbishop of Apamea in Syria dei Greco-Melkiti, Archbishop Joseph Kallas, Archeparch of Beirut and Jbeil, on September 2, 2001.
From 1999 to 2006, he was Superior General of his religious community, the Missionary Society of St. Paul, he assisted as co-consecrator at the episcopal ordination of Yasser Ayyash, Archbishop of Petra and Philadelphia in Jordan. In October 2007, he was appointed patriarchal vicar for the archdiocese of Damascus, he was elected on June 2017, as the patriarch of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church. His election came a month. In 2001, he became president of the Syrian Caritas and forwards with three full-time members more than 40 projects in Damascus and Hassake, he composed for the singer Marie Keyrouz "L'Ensemble de la Paix", a hymn, released on the album Cantiques de l'Orient. As a participant in the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the Middle East in October 2010, he gave an address in which he insisted that: "The Episcopal Conferences of each country should meet from time to time together. You should allow bi-ritualism, so that no parish remains without divine liturgy, no matter what church it belongs to."
Melkite.org/patriarchate catholic-hierarchy.org gcatholic.org Spiritual Protector of the Order of Saint Lazarus https://web.archive.org/web/20100707121947/http://www.pgc-lb.org/english/Church2_Synod2006.html