Robert S. Stevens
Robert S. Stevens was an American politician, bank president, railroad executive, Kansas State Senator and U. S. Representative from New York. Robert Wadleigh Smith Stevens was born in Attica, Wyoming County, New York on March 27, 1824; the only son of Judge Alden Sprague and Achsa Stevens, he was educated in preparation to attend college, but his formal schooling was ended when his family went through a period of financial hardship. Stevens continued to study on his own while working as a clerk at an auction house and a local post office, he achieved certification as a teacher in 1844. While teaching he read law with the Wyoming County District Attorney, he was admitted to the bar in 1846; as a lawyer, Stevens became involved in several business ventures. He became friendly with Governor Wilson Shannon, in 1856 Stevens moved to Kansas Territory, where he practiced law with Shannon, subsequently became involved in real estate development, coal mining, constructing and operating railroads. A Democrat, Stevens was a supporter of James Buchanan for President in 1856.
After winning the presidential election, Buchanan appointed Stevens as a special commissioner, in this capacity Stevens arranged the sale of land ceded to the United States in 1854 by the Kaskaskia, Peoria and Wea tribes. Stevens served as Mayor of Lecompton in 1858, served in the Kansas State Senate from 1862 to 1863. While in the Senate he was a target of the effort to remove Governor Charles L. Robinson. Robinson was accused of selling state bonds to Stevens at a discount, with Stevens re-selling the bonds at a profit and splitting the proceeds with Robinson; the state legislature attempted to impeach Robinson. Stevens was involved in a federally sanctioned venture to commercially develop Sac and Fox reservations; the project, which included wood houses and small factories was looked on with disfavor by the Native American residents, who preferred to keep to their traditional ways of life. Stevens lost much of his fortune in this effort, the federal government failed to reimburse him as called for in Stevens' contract, so it took him 20 years to retire the debt.
Stevens became president of a local bank. During the Lawrence Massacre he intervened with Quantrill's Raiders in an effort to have them end their attack. In 1869 Stevens won the contract to supervise construction of the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad, nicknamed M-K-T or Katy, the first railroad to reach Indian Territory, after which it continued into Texas; as head of construction, the railroad's General Manager, Stevens was responsible for the founding of Parsons in Kansas, Denison in Texas, other towns along the route. Several of these towns have streets named after Stevens, he left the railroad during the period. The Katy became profitable after construction, Stevens became wealthy while in its employ, enabling him pay back his creditors in full by the end of the 1870s. In 1879 Stevens retired and returned to Attica, where he lived in retirement as a gentleman farmer and invested in local businesses, including railroads, he became involved in several civic and charitable causes, including constructing a library, named for him and expanding local schools and rebuilding the Attica Presbyterian Church.
In 1880 Stevens was an unsuccessful candidate for Congress. Stevens was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-eighth Congress and served in the United States House of Representatives as United States Representative for the Thirty-first Congressional District of New York from March 4, 1883 to March 3, 1885, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1884. Stevens is interred at Forest Hill Cemetery. In 1852 Stevens married Mary Proctor Smith, a distant cousin whose family operated a successful lumber business in Manchester, Massachusetts, their son Frederick C. Stevens served in the New York State Senate and as the state Superintendent of Public Works. United States Congress. "Robert S. Stevens". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Robert S. Stevens at Find a Grave This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
Robert David Stevens
Robert David Stevens is a Professor of Bio-Health Informatics in the School of Computer Science at the University of Manchester. He has served as head of the School of Computer Science since 2016. Stevens gained his Bachelor of Science degree in Biochemistry from the University of Bristol in 1986, a Master of Science degree in bioinformatics in 1991 and a DPhil in Computer Science in 1996, both from the University of York. Stevens current research interests are the construction of biological ontologies, such as the Gene Ontology, the reconciliation of semantic heterogeneity in bioinformatics; this research has been funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Counci and Biological Sciences Research Council and the European Union. Stevens has been Principal investigator for a range of research projects including Ondex, ComparaGrid, SWAT and the Ontogenesis Network. Stevens served as Program Chair and co-organiser for the International Conference on Biomedical Ontology 2012 and co-founded the UK Ontology Network.
He has participated in the Health care and Life Sciences Interest Group of the World Wide Web Consortium. Stevens is on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomedical Semantics. Stevens started as a lecturer became a senior lecturer and became a Professor in August 2013. Stevens has taught on several undergraduate and postgraduate courses on software engineering, databases and runs introductory and advanced courses on the Web Ontology Language, he has been the main doctoral advisor to five successful PhD students and co-supervised several others
Robert Kellard, aka Robert Stevens, was an American actor who appeared in over 60 films between 1937 and 1951. Kellard was born Robert Dorsey Kellard April 1915, in Los Angeles, California, his father, Ralph Kellard, was an actor. He attended Santa Monica Junior College for a year, his older brother, acted in films before going into a different career. Kellard entered in Hollywood in 1937 in the film Annapolis Salute, directed by Christy Cabanne. After that, he bounced back and forth from starring roles in low-budget films like Island in the Sky, Time Out for Murder, While New York Sleeps, supporting roles in Boy Friend and Here I Am a Stranger, until he found the time to make two serials for Republic Pictures. Although third billed, Kellard was ostensibly the hero in Republic’s adaptation of Sax Rohmer’s Drums of Fu Manchu, he followed this by playing the sidekick of Allan'Rocky' Lane in the Zane Grey comic strip based King of the Royal Mounted. Kellard starred two serials for Columbia Pictures, Perils of the Royal Mounted and Tex Granger, accepted supporting roles in the films Gilda and The Jolson Story.
He displayed his comedic chops in several Three Stooges comedies, such as Rhythm and Weep, They Stooge to Conga and Squareheads of the Round Table. His best known role with the Stooges was that of the menacing pirate Black Louie in Three Little Pirates. After Kellard signed a contract with Columbia Pictures in 1942, the studio changed his name to Robert Stevens. A Connecticut Yankee Second Honeymoon Annapolis Salute Island in the Sky Time Out for Murder Always in Trouble While New York Sleeps Josette Battle of Broadway Stop and Love Drums of Fu Manchu King of the Royal Mounted Phantom of Chinatown Gentleman for Dixie Escort Girl Perils of the Mounted The Return of Rusty Lone Star Moonlight The Lone Hand Texan The Millerson Case Tex Granger: Midnight Rider of the Plains On Broadway, Kellard performed in Mother Lode and Hitch Your Wagon. Kellard made his last appearance in a 1951 episode of ABC's Western television series, The Lone Ranger. Kellard's marriage to BeBe LaMonte ended in divorce in 1942.
Kellard died of post-obstructive pneumonia in the Wadsworth V. A. Medical center in Los Angeles, California on January 13, 1981 at age 65. Robert Kellard on IMDb Robert Kellard at threestooges.net
Robert L. Stevens
Colonel Robert Livingston Stevens was an American inventor and steamship builder who served as president of the Camden and Amboy Railroad in the 1830s and 1840s. Stevens was born in Hoboken, New Jersey on October 18, 1787, he was the second son of thirteen children born to Rachel Stevens and Colonel John Stevens III. His siblings included older brother John Cox Stevens, the first commodore of the New York Yacht Club, younger brother Edwin Augustus Stevens, who founded the Stevens Institute of Technology, his paternal grandparents were John Stevens Jr. a prominent New Jersey politician who served as a delegate to the Continental Congress, Elizabeth Stevens, the daughter of James Alexander, the Attorney General of New Jersey, Mary Provoost Alexander, a prominent merchant. His aunt Mary Stevens married the first Chancellor of the State of New York. In 1807, the Stevens and his father built the Phœnix, a steamship which became the first steamship to navigate the ocean when she traveled from New York City to the Delaware River in 1809.
The Phœnix could not operate in the harbor at New York City because Robert Fulton and his partner Robert Livingston, the U. S. Minister to France, had obtained a monopoly there. Robert Stevens applied the wave line, concave waterlines on a steamboat hull, in 1808, as well as other improvements to shipbuilding, he and his brother, involved with the passenger steamship business on the Hudson River in 1834, both were members of the Hudson River Steamboat Association, a cartel which sought a monopoly on passenger traffic between New York City and Albany. Stevens was president of the Amboy Railroad in the 1830s and 1840s; when the John Bull steam locomotive arrived on the C&A property, it was named Stevens in his honor. Although his father is credited with the invention of the flanged T rail for railways, Robert Stevens at 42 is considered to have been the inventor of the first all-iron rail construction of the Camden & Amboy. Before 1831, the rails of all previous American railroads were strap iron rails made of wood with a metal strap applied to the wood.
One of the two men had traveled to England to purchase the new rails since there was no rolling mill in the United States, capable of producing the rails. The flat bottomed rail profile is used by railways of every nation, it replaced the cast-iron edge rails, introduced in England in 1789, which were made without flanges. He invented the rights to which he sold to the government. In 1842, he was commissioned by the government to build the first ironclad warship constructed, but he died without completing it. Stevens, who never married, died in Hoboken on April 20, 1856. Today in Science History: October 18. Retrieved October 18, 2005. Iles, Leading American Inventors, New York: Henry Holt and Company, pp. 28–34 Camden & Amboy Railroad: Two Original “Joint Stock” Certificates Signed by Robert L. Stevens, Inventor of the "T"-Rail and Railroad Spike
Death of Robert Stevens
Robert K. "Bob" Stevens was a British-born American photojournalist for the Sun, a subsidiary of American Media, located in Boca Raton, United States. He was the first journalist killed in the 2001 anthrax attacks when letters containing anthrax were mailed to multiple media outlets in the United States; the anthrax attacks killed four others in the United States and sickened seventeen others. Robert Stevens was born in Britain, but he resided in Lantana, Florida with his wife Maureen Stevens from Britain. Stevens and his wife had three children, Nicholas Stevens, Heidi Hogan, Casey Tozzi. Many people described Stevens as a person. Stevens died on October 2001 from pulmonary anthrax. Robert Stevens was a newspaper photo editor for Sun, owned by American Media, until he was hospitalized on October 2, 2001. American Media published many different tabloids including the Sun. Many of the publications that Stevens worked on made claims that Elvis was not dead or that celebrities were pregnant with martians.
In early October 2001, letters which contained anthrax were mailed to multiple locations across the United States. After a recent visit to North Carolina, Robert Stevens reported having symptoms similar to the flu; when he was first hospitalized, doctors believed. After the doctors completed further testing, it was discovered that he had developed pulmonary anthrax; this had already been confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Stevens died on October 2001, making his death the first death from anthrax in 25 years. After an investigation was conducted by the FBI, it was revealed that Stevens had come into contact with anthrax through the letter, mailed to him at American Media in Boca Raton, Florida. Stevens was the first person killed in these attacks. In addition to killing Stevens, the anthrax killed two postal workers in Washington, a hospital worker in New York, a 94-year-old woman from Connecticut, it caused seventeen other people to become sick. In addition, an envelope containing anthrax was opened in what was once the office of Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle.
As a result, the House of Representatives was closed down. During their investigation, the FBI concluded that Dr. Bruce Edward Ivins, a microbiologist for the United States Army, had mailed the deadly letters; the FBI analyzed them. After analyzing the spores, the FBI traced the spores to a military lab located at Fort Detrick, Maryland. Dr. Bruce Edward Ivins became a suspect in the investigation; the FBI began to suspect Ivins when they noticed he had logged in many late-night hours right before the attacks. He was questioned in March 2005 about the attacks, but he could not provide a valid reason why he had worked late those nights. In addition to this, Ivins had sent out several emails in which he discussed his mental state and treatment. In 2008, Ivins killed himself. Leading up to his death, Ivins had been hospitalized for psychiatric evaluation after threatening to kill people he worked with, investigators of the anthrax attacks, many other people who had wronged him. Maureen Stevens, wife of Robert Stevens, filed a US $50 million lawsuit in 2003 against the government of the United States.
In the lawsuit, Maureen Stevens claimed "that the government was negligent in failing to stop someone from working at an Army infectious disease lab from creating weapons-grade anthrax used in letters that killed five people and sickened 17 others." Ten years after filing the lawsuit, Maureen Stevens settled with the United States government for US $2.5 million. After Maureen and her lawyer settled with the government, Maureen's lawyer said, "Justice has been served." The anthrax mailings that killed five people and sickened seventeen others came right after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Because they came following 9/11, investigators believed that Al Qaeda was somehow responsible for the anthrax attacks — only this time, they were using biological weapons. However, it was soon discovered that the strain of anthrax used was connected to a military research laboratory in Maryland. Robert Stevens was important; the type of anthrax with which he was killed was lethal. During the investigation, the FBI shut down the offices in which Stevens was employed to collect evidence of anthrax.
Another thing that makes the death of Robert Stevens important is that at the time it was rare for anthrax to be in the form of white powder. At the time experts believed that Anthrax could be found in the soil, in sheep, in cattle, in horses; the machines used to process mail as it came through the system caused anthrax spores to go into the air. By cleaning those same machines, the anthrax spores spread farther and onto other mail causing twenty two other people to become sick; the main reaction to these events was fear that the United States was once again under attack just a few weeks after 9/11, the United States Postal System became fearful as the letters containing anthrax were mailed through the postal service. Because of this fear, online sales of Ciprofloxacin, an antibiotic used to treat anthrax, drastically went up. People purchasing the antibiotic were paying more than ten times the normal cost of the drug. List of journalists killed in the United States
Robert T. Stevens
Robert Ten Broeck Stevens was a US businessman and former chairman of J. P. Stevens and Company, one of the most established textile manufacturing plants in the US, he served as the Secretary of the Army between February 4, 1953 until July 21, 1955. Stevens was born on July 1899 in Fanwood, New Jersey to John Peters Stevens and Edna Ten Broeck, he attended Phillips Academy and graduated in 1917. He attended Yale University, he became president of J. P. Stevens and Company in 1929, it is now part of a conglomerate—WestPoint Home. He served as chairman of The Business Council known as the Business Advisory Council for the United States Department of Commerce in 1951 and 1952. Stevens came into conflict with Senator Joseph McCarthy over a series of issues that led to the Army-McCarthy hearings of 1954. In the fall of 1953, McCarthy began an investigation into the United States Army Signal Corps laboratory at Fort Monmouth. McCarthy's aggressive questioning of army personnel was damaging to morale, but failed to reveal any sign of the "dangerous spies" that McCarthy alleged to exist.
Next McCarthy investigated the case of Irving Peress, an Army dentist who had refused to answer questions in a loyalty-review questionnaire. As various officers and other army staff were subjected to McCarthy's abusive questioning, Stevens was criticized for capitulating to many of McCarthy's demands and not supporting his men. Concurrent with these events, McCarthy's chief counsel, Roy Cohn, had been pressuring the army, including Stevens, to give preferential treatment to his friend G. David Schine, drafted; the Army-McCarthy hearings were held to investigate the Army's charge that McCarthy and Cohn were making improper demands on behalf of Schine, McCarthy's counter charge that the Army was holding Schine "hostage" in an attempt to halt McCarthy's investigations into the Army. During the hearings, McCarthy questioned Stevens for several days. Although Stevens is considered to have handled the hearings poorly, it was McCarthy who fared worst in the month-long investigation; the exposure before a television audience of McCarthy's methods and manners during the hearings are credited with playing a major role in his ultimate downfall.
Stevens wanted to resign after the incident but Vice-President Richard Nixon convinced him not to. Robert T. Stevens had a fifty-year career with J. P. Stevens & Company—named after New York-based John Peter Stevens who made his fortune by selling the products of his grandfather's Massachusetts-based family business which dated back to the War of 1812. Under John Peter Stevens it became one of the largest textile companies in the United States with mills in the North and South. By the age of thirty Robert T. Stevens was president of the company. During his tenure it was "one of the world's largest, most diversified textile organizations." He left Stevens for two-years to serve as Secretary of the Army and by July 1955 he returned to Stevens where he remained until his retirement. He became director emeritus in 1974. Like many other companies in post-World War II United States, Stevens moved the company south because he "wanted to pay lower wages and avoid unions."By 1963 Stevens was the second-largest company in the United States with 36,000 employees—mainly in the Southern states.
For that reason it was selected by the union as the target of a major organizing campaign. Stevens's employees earned "wages that were well below the manufacturing average, they had few benefits." Stevens resented his company being singled out by the union, made an aggressive stand. From 1963 to 1980 the company and the union entered into a bitter struggle that became known as the J. P. Stevens campaign or controversy, his children include Bob Stevens from Helena, Montana, J. Whitney Stevens from New York, Tom Stevens from Florida; the family still owns an est. 45,000-acre cattle ranch called the American Fork in Montana. He died on January 30, 1983 in Edison, New Jersey