Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Canadas border with the United States is the worlds longest binational land border, the majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its territory being dominated by forest and tundra. It is highly urbanized with 82 per cent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, One third of the population lives in the three largest cities, Toronto and Vancouver. Its capital is Ottawa, and other urban areas include Calgary, Quebec City, Winnipeg. Various aboriginal peoples had inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1,1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick and this began an accretion of provinces and territories to the mostly self-governing Dominion to the present ten provinces and three territories forming modern Canada.
With the Constitution Act 1982, Canada took over authority, removing the last remaining ties of legal dependence on the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level and it is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Its advanced economy is the eleventh largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources, Canadas long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. Canada is a country and has the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, Canada is an influential nation in the world, primarily due to its inclusive values, years of prosperity and stability, stable economy, and efficient military.
While a variety of theories have been postulated for the origins of Canada. In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona, from the 16th to the early 18th century Canada referred to the part of New France that lay along the St. Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named The Canadas, until their union as the British Province of Canada in 1841. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the name for the new country at the London Conference. The transition away from the use of Dominion was formally reflected in 1982 with the passage of the Canada Act, that year, the name of national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day
Education in Canada
Education in Canada is for the most part provided publicly and overseen by federal and local governments. Education is within provincial jurisdiction and the curriculum is overseen by the province, Education in Canada is generally divided into primary education, followed by secondary education and post-secondary. Within the provinces under the ministry of education, there are district school boards administering the educational programs, in some provinces early leaving exemptions can be granted under certain circumstances at 14. Canada generally has 190 school days in the year, officially starting from September to the end of June, in British Columbia secondary schools, there are 172 school days during a school year. In Alberta, high school students get an additional four weeks off to accommodate for exam break, classes typically end on the 15th of those two months. Elementary and post-secondary education in Canada is a provincial responsibility, some educational fields are supported at various levels by federal departments.
Vocational training can be subsidized by the Learning branch of Human Resources, in many places, publicly funded high school courses are offered to the adult population. Nonetheless, more than 51% of Canadians have a college degree, the majority of schools, at 67%, are co-educational. Canada spends about 5. 4% of its GDP on education, the country invests heavily in tertiary education. Recent reports suggest that from 2006 the tuition fees of Canadian universities have increased by 40 percent, although these classes are offered, most appear to be limited by the area or region in which students reside. Furthermore, subjects that typically get assessed assume greater importance than non-assessed subjects or facets of the curriculum, the students in the Canadian school system receive a variety of classes that are offered to them. The system is set up to meet the needs of the individual student. The Constitution of Canada provides constitutional protections for some types of publicly funded religious-based and language-based school systems, the provision did originally apply to Ontario, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador, since these provinces did have pre-existing separate schools.
This constitutional provision was repealed in Quebec by an amendment in 1997. The constitutional provision continues to apply to Ontario and Alberta, there is a similar federal statutory provision which applies to the Northwest Territories. In practice, this means that there are publicly funded English schools in Quebec, and publicly funded French schools in the other provinces. Quebec students must attend a French school up until the end of school unless one of their parents qualifies as a rights-holder under s.23 of the Charter. Most education programs in Canada begin in kindergarten or grade one and go to grade twelve, except in Quebec, after completion of a secondary school diploma, students may go on to post-secondary studies
Prime Minister of Canada
Canadian prime ministers are styled as The Right Honourable, a privilege maintained for life. The office and its functions are instead governed by constitutional conventions, the prime minister, along with the other ministers in cabinet, is appointed by the governor general on behalf of the monarch. There are no age or citizenship restrictions on the position of prime minister itself, while there is no legal requirement for the prime minister to be a member of parliament, for practical and political reasons the prime minister is expected to win a seat very promptly. However, in rare circumstances individuals who are not sitting members of the House of Commons have been appointed to the position of prime minister, two former prime ministers—Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott and Sir Mackenzie Bowell—served in the 1890s while members of the Senate. Both, in their roles as Government Leader in the Senate, succeeded prime ministers who had died in office—John A. Macdonald in 1891 and that convention has since evolved toward the appointment of an interim leader from the commons in such a scenario.
Prime ministers who are not Members of Parliament upon their appointment have since been expected to seek election to the commons as soon as possible. For example, William Lyon Mackenzie King, after losing his seat in the 1925 federal election, Turner was the last serving prime minister to not hold a commons seat. The Canadian prime minister serves at Her Majestys pleasure, meaning the post does not have a fixed term, once appointed and sworn in by the governor general, the prime minister remains in office until he or she resigns, is dismissed, or dies. Following parliamentary dissolution, the prime minister must run in the general election if he or she wishes to maintain a seat in the House of Commons. Should the prime ministers party subsequently win a majority of seats in the House of Commons, if, however, an opposition party wins a majority of seats, the prime minister may resign or be dismissed by the governor general. This option was last entertained in 1925, the function of the prime minister has evolved with increasing power.
Caucuses may choose to follow rules, though the decision would be made by recorded vote. Either the sovereign or his or her viceroy may therefore oppose the prime ministers will in extreme, for transportation, the prime minister is granted an armoured car and shared use of two official aircraft—a CC-150 Polaris for international flights and a Challenger 601 for domestic trips. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police furnish constant personal security for the prime minister, all of the aforementioned is supplied by the Queen-in-Council through budgets approved by parliament, as is the prime ministers annual salary of CAD$170,400. Should a serving or former prime minister die, he or she is accorded a state funeral, John Thompson died outside Canada, at Windsor Castle, where Queen Victoria permitted his lying-in-state before his body was returned to Canada for a state funeral in Halifax. In earlier years, it was traditional for the monarch to bestow a knighthood on newly appointed Canadian prime ministers.
Accordingly, several carried the prefix Sir before their name, of the first eight premiers of Canada, the Canadian Heraldic Authority has granted former prime ministers an augmentation of honour on the personal coat of arms of those who pursued them. To date, former prime ministers Joe Clark, Pierre Trudeau, John Turner, Brian Mulroney, the written form of address for the prime minister should use his or her full parliamentary title, The Right Honourable, Prime Minister of Canada
John Napier Wyndham Turner, PC, CC, QC is an English-born Canadian lawyer and politician, who served as the 17th Prime Minister of Canada from June 30 to September 17,1984. In his political career, Turner held several prominent Cabinet posts, including minister of justice and minister of finance, amid a global recession and the prospect of having to implement the unpopular wage and price controls, Turner surprisingly resigned his position in 1975. After a hiatus from politics from 1975 to 1984, Turner returned, Turner was Canadas first prime minister born in the United Kingdom since Mackenzie Bowell in 1896. Turner was born in Richmond, England, to Leonard Hugh Turner, a journalist and he had a brother, born in 1930, and a sister, Brenda. When Turners father died in 1932, he and his moved to Canada with his Canadian-born mother. The family settled in her home in Rossland, British Columbia. Turners mother was loving but demanding of her two children and his mother remarried in 1945 to Frank Mackenzie Ross, who served as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, and the family relocated to Vancouver.
Turner was educated at Ashbury College and St Patricks College, Ottawa and he enrolled at the University of British Columbia in 1945 at age 16, and was among Canadas outstanding track sprinters in the late 1940s, qualifying for the 1948 Olympic team. He held the Canadian record for the 100 metres, but a bad knee kept him from competing in the 1948 London Olympics and he graduated from UBC with a B. A. Honours in 1949. Awarded a Rhodes Scholarship, he went on to Magdalen College at the University of Oxford, where he earned a B. A. Jurisprudence,1951, a Bachelor of Civil Law,1952, and an M. A.1957. He was on the track and field team at Oxford, one of his teammates was Roger Bannister, at Oxford, Turner was a classmate and friend of future Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser. He pursued studies at the University of Paris from 1952 to 1953. While attending UBC, he became a member of the fraternity Beta Theta Pi. On May 19,1959, at a party hosted by his stepfather to celebrate the opening of Government House, Turner spent an amount of time dancing with Princess Margaret.
This was the first time that Turner received significant press attention in Canada, the Turners have a daughter named Elizabeth and three sons, David and Andrew. Turner practised law, initially with the firm of Stikeman Elliott in Montreal and their children attended Rockcliffe Park Public School, in Ottawa. All three of their sons attended Upper Canada College, in Toronto, Turner was seen as The Golden Boy of the Liberal Party from the time he entered parliament. Turner was respected for his work as a cabinet minister in the 1960s and 1970s, under prime ministers Lester Pearson
Ridgemont High School (Ottawa)
It is an Ottawa-Carleton District School Board secondary school in Ottawa, Canada. The school is located at 2597 Alta Vista Drive in the Alta Vista neighbourhood of Ottawa and it is next door to St. Patricks High School, a Roman Catholic high school, and Charles Hulse Elementary School, in the OCDSB. Work began on Ridgemont in 1957 when Prime Minister John Diefenbaker laid the cornerstone, Ridgemont was planned and designed at the same time as Rideau High School and Laurentian High School. Ridgemont opened an earlier than the other two. The project generated controversy as the Collegiate Board presented a plan that included an auditorium, double gym. The Ottawa Property Owners association objected to these as expensive and unneeded luxuries, the dispute delayed the construction of the school for some time. In 1972, Ridgemont High School concert and stage bands produced an album, Ridgemont is a semestered school offering many programs, such as French immersion, English as a Second Language, ECL, and international languages.
Ridgemont derives the basis of its population from the neighbourhoods of Ottawa South. The Alta Vista and South Keys areas of Ottawa South all feed into the school, Ridgemont is known for its high ethnic diversity, there are over 40 different languages spoken by the 850 students at the school. Ridgemonts 50th Anniversary was celebrated on October 5 and 6,2007, the double gymnasium block projected into a large sports field and oval track. For adults and business classes were offered in the evenings, there are tennis courts, a large parking lot, well equipped science labs, an auto shop, a wood shop, a media lab and a library. There are two storey t-shaped wings for classrooms, with the gym and cafeteria in bumped out blocks, the building was constructed of orange-buff brick with contrasting brick in perpendicular bars on the fly over the auditorium stage. At Ridgemont the auditorium stage fly was decorated at the corners in contrasting brick, there were horizontal bands of windows in silver aluminum, which were retrofitted with tinted glass in brown anodyzed frames.
An entrance forecourt is reached by a circular drive, the main door is through a vestibule set at an angle between a classroom wing and the cafeteria block. The schools most architecturally interesting feature is a smokestack with a fire door at the base for cleaning out the ash. Tim Wynne-Jones, multi award-winning author of childrens literature, List of schools in Ottawa List of high schools in Ontario Keith, Janet. The Collegiate Institute Board of Ottawa, A Short History, 1843-1969, School Website OCDSB Website Newspaper Website
Ontario, one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada, is located in east-central Canada. It is Canadas most populous province by a margin, accounting for nearly 40 percent of all Canadians. Ontario is fourth-largest in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and it is home to the nations capital city and the nations most populous city, Toronto. There is only about 1 km of land made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes divided into two regions, Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario. The great majority of Ontarios population and arable land is located in the south, in contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and is heavily forested. The province is named after Lake Ontario, a thought to be derived from Ontarí, io, a Huron word meaning great lake, or possibly skanadario. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes, the province consists of three main geographical regions, The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario.
Although this area mostly does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes, Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions, Northwestern Ontario and Northeastern Ontario. The virtually unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the north and northeast, mainly swampy. Southern Ontario which is further sub-divided into four regions, Central Ontario, Eastern Ontario, Golden Horseshoe, the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level located in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands, the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. A well-known geographic feature is Niagara Falls, part of the Niagara Escarpment, the Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario.
Northern Ontario occupies roughly 87 percent of the area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario that is the southernmost extent of Canadas mainland, Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend slightly farther. All are south of 42°N – slightly farther south than the border of California. The climate of Ontario varies by season and location, the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend mainly on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontarios climate is classified as humid continental, Ontario has three main climatic regions
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau, PC CC CH QC FRSC was a Canadian politician who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada. He is the 3rd longest-serving Prime Minister in Canadian history, having served for 15 years,164 days, Trudeau rose to prominence as a lawyer and activist in Quebec politics. In the 1960s he entered politics by joining the Liberal Party of Canada. He was appointed as Lester B, Pearsons Parliamentary Secretary and became his Minister of Justice. Trudeau became a sensation, inspiring Trudeaumania, and took charge of the Liberals in 1968. From the late 1960s until the mid-1980s, his personality dominated the scene to an extent never before seen in Canadian political life. Despite his personal motto, Reason before passion, his personality, critics accuse him of arrogance, of economic mismanagement, and of unduly centralizing Canadian decision-making to the detriment of Quebecs culture and the economy of the Prairies. He retired from politics in 1984, and John Turner succeeded him and his eldest son, Justin Trudeau, became the 23rd and current Prime Minister as a result of the 2015 federal election and is the first prime minister of Canada to be related to a former prime minister.
The Trudeau family can be traced to Marcillac-Lanville in France in the 16th century, in 1659 the first Trudeau to arrive in Canada was Étienne Trudeau or Truteau, a carpenter and home builder from La Rochelle. He had a sister named Suzette and a younger brother named Charles Jr. he remained close to both siblings for his entire life. The family had become wealthy by the time Trudeau was in his teens. Trudeau attended the prestigious Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf, where he supported Quebec nationalism, Trudeaus father died when Pierre was 15 years old. This death hit him and the very hard emotionally. Trudeau remained very close to his mother for the rest of her life, Trudeau earned his law degree at the Université de Montréal in 1943. During his studies, he was conscripted into the Canadian Army as part of the National Resources Mobilization Act, before this, all Canadians serving overseas were volunteers, and not conscripts. Trudeau reflected on his opposition to conscription and his doubts about the war in his Memoirs, tough.
if you were a French Canadian in Montreal in the early 1940s, you did not automatically believe that this was a just war. We tended to think of war as a settling of scores among the superpowers. In an Outremont by-election in 1942 he campaigned for the anticonscription candidate Jean Drapeau, after the war Trudeau continued his studies, first taking a masters degree in political economy at Harvard Universitys Graduate School of Public Administration
Colonel By Secondary School
Colonel By Secondary School is an Ottawa-Carleton District School Board high school. It is located in the Beacon Hill neighbourhood of Gloucester in the city of Ottawa, Ontario and it is a non-semestered school, and is the only English public school in Ottawa that offers the International Baccalaureate diploma programme. Colonel By is ranked the number one school in Ottawa. Colonel By Secondary School was unveiled on March 10,1972, the school was designed by Craig and Kohler architects with P. E. The school was erected by the Carleton Board of Education, the school is dedicated to Lieutenant-Colonel John By. McDonald served as the first principal of Colonel By Secondary School, Colonel By Secondary School was named for Lieutenant Colonel John By, the Royal Engineers officer who supervised the building of Ottawas Rideau Canal and 1826-1832 and founded Bytown. A historical plaque located on the grounds of Colonel By Secondary School states, Colonel John By was born and educated in England and first came to Canada in 1802.
As a member of the Royal Engineers, he worked on the first small locks on the St. Lawrence River as well as the fortifications of Quebec and this formidable task included the building of about 50 dams and 47 locks, without the aid of modern equipment. Colonel Bys attributes of courage and diligence, inspire us to emulate him, in 2005, Macleans Magazine named Colonel By Secondary School the #3 academic high school in the country. In 2007, the Fraser Institute, a libertarian think-tank, rated Colonel By as the top school in Ottawa in its Report Card on Ontarios Secondary Schools. In both 2009 and 2010, the Fraser Institute rated Colonel By as the #1 public school in Ottawa, in its 2014-2015 Report Card on Ontario Secondary Schools, the Institute ranked Colonel By Secondary School 4th in the province. Additionally, Colonel By has averaged 3rd in the province in the past five years, preparation for the challenge of the IB Diploma is begun in grade 9 and grade 10 through the enrichment and acceleration of various courses.
All successful recipients of the IB Diploma receive their Ontario Secondary School Diploma, cougar Vision is an award-winning high school digital television station that provides coverage of school activities founded in 1999. It is Canada’s first all‐digital high school television station, commercial‐free educational programming through Cable in the Classroom, for instance, in the 2009 Grade 9 Pascals Math Contest, Colonel By came first in the city and fifth in Canada. This changed in the 2008-2009 school year with the arrival of freshman James Rickards, despite his youth, he received an invitation to write the 2009 Canadian Mathematical Olympiad and scored in the 3rd division. His arrival coincided with the school registering for its first writing of the American Mathematics Competitions, over half the students who wrote the AMC qualified for the American Invitational Mathematics Examination. James Rickards was the participant who went on to receive an invitation to write the United States of America Mathematical Olympiad.
In the 2009-2010 school year, James Rickards continued to represent Colonel By on the scale as a sophomore
Glebe Collegiate Institute
Glebe Collegiate Institute is a high school in the Glebe neighbourhood of Ottawa, Canada. Administered by the Ottawa-Carleton District School Board, Glebe Collegiate Institute has approximately 1,700 students, Glebe is the districts largest school. Students and sports teams are referred to as Gryphons, the Gryphons performance has led to Glebe Collegiate Institute being consistently ranked one of the premier athletics schools in Canada. The Gryphons impressive record includes OFSAA championships in ice hockey and field, XC running, alpine skiing, volleyball, Glebe Collegiate was selected as one of Canadas best schools in the 23 August 2004 edition of Macleans news magazine. The school offers specialized programs, such as French immersion, English as a language, bilingual gifted. It has an excellent academic standing and one of the best music programs in the city, including a unique, five-time gold award-winning, Glebes excellence in the arts has been demonstrated in improvisation, and Glebe has placed twice at the Canadian National Final.
Glebes robotics program participates in US FIRST international robotics competition and won the SKILLS Canada STEM, in 2008 and 2010, a group of four teachers from Glebe placed second in Canada in the Discovery Channels Iron Science Competition. Notable alumni include NHL hockey players, including Hall of Famer Syd Howe, singer Alanis Morissette, the school was founded not as an independent entity but as an expansion of the Ottawa Collegiate Institute. In 1919 the Adolescent School Attendance Act had made attending school compulsory until age 16, the OCI had outgrown its existing facility and constructed a new facility on what was the outskirts of the city. The construction of Ottawa Collegiate Institute, Glebe Building was a slow process, symbols of the OCI continue to adorn the entrance to the school. The building was opened in 1923. The rivalry between Glebe and Lisgar Collegiates commenced soon after the division of the OCI, in one incident, a banquet was held at the Glebe building that included student clubs from both schools.
In the middle of the meal, a fight erupted between the two groups and only an enraged principal could persuade students to stop. In 1974, Glebe Collegiate Institute concert and stage bands produced an album, Something blue, and in 1978 produced a second album, Glebe Stage Band, on which a third album is suggested, all under the direction of music teachers Stan Clark Sr. and John Nichols. As of 2012, Glebes population was 1,700 students and 150 teachers, Glebe Collegiate Institute was used in the filming of the 2008 Canadian-American drama film The Perfect Assistant. Constructed in the early 20th century, the school has an architectural style that has been kept consistent despite additions to the building. The school has gone through extensive renovations in its science department to make the labs the most modern in the school district. Notable features of the include a underground swimming pool, auditorium with balcony seating
Ashbury College is an independent day and boarding school located in Rockcliffe Park, Ontario, Canada. It was founded in 1891 and moved to its current venue in 1910, previously, it occupied what now houses Canadian Senate offices. It is an International Baccalaureate World School, a member of the Canadian Accredited Independent Schools, the school currently enrolls approximately 550 senior and 150 junior students. The current Head of School is Norman Southward, with Kendal Young directing the Junior School, originally a single-gender boys school, Ashbury began accepting girls in 1982. Currently, the male/female student proportion of the Senior School is 55%/45%, the campus is 12 acres in Rockcliffe Park. Tuition fees for the 2015-2016 school year are $22,440 for day students, there are 100 boarders yearly from approximately 30 countries throughout the world. Notable alumni include John Turner, Canadas seventeenth Prime Minister and Stockwell Day, other alumni include Ben Barry, founder of the modeling agency Ben Barry Agency Inc.
The three-room school for boys was located on Wellington Street in Ottawa. In 1900, Ashbury College moved to Argyle Avenue near the present Museum of Nature, in 1905, Ashbury College had twenty borders, fifty day boys, led by the headmaster and a staff of five graduates. There was a department for little boys. The students were prepared for the Royal Military College of Canada, eleven boys had entered the Royal Military College of Canada between 1900-1905. In 1910, the school - called Ashbury College after Woollcombes English home - moved to its current location on 12 acres in the village of Rockcliffe Park, weeks designed the Ashbury College on Mariposa Avenue. With the support of Ottawa benefactors, a new building was constructed for the 115 students,48 of whom were boarders, Ashbury was originally an all-boys institution but began admitting women for grades 9-12 in 1982 and admitted girls for the first time into fourth grade in 2010. Ashbury Colleges innovative and modern adaptations include Canada’s first teaching green roof, Ashbury College was included amongst other architecturally interesting and historically significant buildings in Doors Open Ottawa, held June 2 and 3,2012.
In 1952, a glass window depicting Sir Galahad was erected by Robert McCausland Limited as a memorial dedicated to the Old Boys who served during the Great War. The Memorial Window in memory of Canon Woollcombe, Ashburys founder and Headmaster, was unveiled and dedicated on October 29,1961 by the Venerable Archdeacon C. G. Hepburn. The crests refer to Canon Woollcombes academic affiliations to Bishops University, Oxford University, McGill University, the three large windows show pictorial representations of Canon Woollcombe as Teacher and Counsellor. The Lamp of learning is at the top of the right hand window
Lower Town (also spelled Lowertown is a neighbourhood in Rideau-Vanier Ward in central Ottawa, Canada, to the east of downtown. It is the oldest part of the city and it is bounded roughly by Rideau Street to the south, Sussex Drive and Ottawa River to the north, the Rideau Canal to the west, and the Rideau River to the east. It includes the commercial Byward Market area in the south-western part and it was historically French Canadian and Irish and is to this day home to many Franco-Ontarian families and institutions. Lower Town is home to a variety of immigrants and visible minorities. Lowertowns diverse population makes it one of the more interesting neighbourhoods. As part of the Greber Plan for Ottawa, new parkways and bridges were constructed in the period as a plan for urban renewal. This period saw major upheaval in the area as dozens of city blocks and hundreds of homes were systematically demolished to make way for expanded roads. Today, King Edward Avenue is a six lane main road running north-south through the centre of the neighbourhood.
It is connected on its north to the MacDonald Cartier Bridge, a connection with Gatineau, Quebec. The traffic exits Lower Town either to the east along St, the street is so large and so busy that it exists as a major barrier between the east and west halves of Lowertown. It is one of the highest accident sites in Ottawa, the road from the bridge was intended to connect to a new Vanier Parkway to the north of the neighbourhood, across Green Island and Maple Island. This connector was never built because of opposition, and instead St. Patrick Street east of King Edward was built into a major four-lane thoroughfare cutting through the neighbourhood. The end of the connector from the bridge connects to King Edward at a sharp turn where the connector would have continued directly to the east. King Edward was itself rebuilt into a major thoroughfare from Sussex Drive to Rideau Street. Rideau Street has had its share of development and misguided solutions also. Prior to the malls and suburbanization of today, Rideau Street west of King Edward was a primary shopping area of Ottawa.
While to the north, the Byward Market area has continued to thrive, Rideau Street is struggling, with vacant areas, to the south, the Rideau Centre development provided a shopping mall atmosphere, and retailers moved inside. As part of the development, Rideau Street was turned into a bus interchange
Primary education or elementary education is typically the first stage of compulsory education, coming between early childhood education and secondary education. Primary education usually takes place in a school or elementary school. In some countries, primary education is followed by school, an educational stage which exists in some countries. In order to achieve the goal by 2015, the United Nations estimated that all children at the entry age for primary school would have had to have been attending classes by 2009. This would depend on the duration of the level, as well as how well the schools retain students until the end of the cycle. As of 2010, the number of new teachers needed in sub-Saharan Africa alone, the gender gap for children not in education had been narrowed. Between 1999 and 2008, the number of not in education worldwide had decreased from 57 percent to 53 percent, however it should be noted that in some regions. According to the United Nations, there are things in the regions that have already been accomplished.
The country doubled its enrollment ratio over the same period, other regions in Latin America such as Guatemala and Nicaragua as well as Zambia in Southern Africa broke through the 90 percent towards greater access to primary education. In Australia, students undertake preschool 13 years of schooling before moving to vocational or higher education, Primary schooling for most children starts after they turn 5 years old. In most states, children can be enrolled earlier at the discretion of individual school principals on the basis of intellectual giftedness, in Victoria, New South Wales, Northern Territory, ACT and Tasmania students move through Kindergarten/Preparatory School/Reception and Years 1 to 6 before starting high school. Pre-School/Kindergarten,4 to 5 years old Prep, currently, at the age of 6 children attend from the grade 1 to 4 what is called Ensino Primário, and afterwards from grade 5 to 9 the Ensino Fundamental. At the age of 15 the teenagers go to Ensino Médio, which is equivalent High School in other countries, Primary school is mandatory and consists in nine years called Ensino Fundamental, separated in Ensino Fundamental I and Ensino Fundamental II.
Primary school is followed by the three years called Ensino Médio. 1st grade, 15- to 16-year-olds, 2nd grade, 16- to 17-year-olds, 3rd grade, in Canada, primary school usually begins at ages three or four, starting with either Kindergarten or Grade 1 and lasts until age 13 or 14. Many places in Canada have a split between primary and elementary schools, in Nova Scotia elementary school is the most common term. The provincial government of Nova Scotia uses the term Primary instead of Kindergarten, most children are pupils in the Danish Folkeskolen, which has the current grades, Kindergarten, 3–6 years https, //meta. wikimedia. The first three grades of school are called Algkool which can be translated as beginning school and can be confused with primary school