Seward is an unincorporated community in Winnebago County, United States, is located west of Rockford. It is part of the Rockford, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area
Winnebago is a village in Winnebago County, Illinois. It is part of the Rockford-Winnebago Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 3,101 at the 2010 census, up from 2,958 in 2000. Winnebago is located at 42°15′56″N 89°14′26″W. According to the 2010 census, Winnebago has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,000 people, 1,009 households, 841 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,500 people per square mile. There were 1,023 housing units at an average density of 735.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.14% White, 1.12% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.18% of the population. There were 1,009 households out of which 50.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 16.6% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.24. In the village, the population was spread out with 34.3% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $59,891, the median income for a family was $62,685. Males had a median income of $44,851 versus $25,817 for females; the per capita income for the village was $21,019. About 0.9% of families and 1.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over. Students in Winnebago are served by Winnebago CUSD#323; the district has one middle school and two elementary schools. The Winnebago schools website is http://www.winnebagoschools.org/. Winnebago webpage
Rockford is a city in Winnebago County in the U. S. state of Illinois, in far northern Illinois. Located on the banks of the Rock River, Rockford is the county seat of Winnebago County; the largest city in Illinois outside of the Chicago metropolitan area, Rockford is the third-largest city in the state and the 171st most populous in the United States According to 2010 U. S. Census Data, the City of Rockford had a population of 152,871, with an outlying metropolitan area population of 348,360; the City of Rockford's population is 147,051 as of 2017, down 4.1% since 2010. Settled in the mid-1830s, the position of the city on the Rock River made its location strategic for industrial development. In the second half of the 19th century, Rockford was notable for its output of heavy machinery and tools. During the second half of the 20th century, Rockford struggled alongside many Rust Belt cities. Since the late 1990s, efforts in economic diversification have led to growth of automotive and healthcare industries, as well as the undertaking of various tourism and downtown revitalization efforts.
Nicknamed the Forest City, Rockford is presently known for various venues of cultural or historical significance, including Anderson Japanese Gardens, Klehm Arboretum, Tinker Swiss Cottage, the BMO Harris Bank Center, the Coronado Theatre, the Laurent House, the Burpee Museum of Natural History. Its contributions to music are noted in the Mendelssohn Club, the oldest music club in the nation, performers such as Phantom Regiment and Cheap Trick. Rockford traces its roots to 1834, as the combined settlements of Midway were founded on both banks of the Rock River. On the west bank, Germanicus Kent and Thatcher Blake founded Kentville. With the location of the Rock River equidistant between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi River, the combined settlement derived the name "Midway". In 1836, Winnebago County was created, with Midway named as its county seat. In 1837, the village of Midway was renamed Rockford, highlighting a rocky river ford across the Rock River in the village; the same year, Rockford established its first post office.
In 1840, the first weekly newspaper began circulation. In 1847, Rockford Female Seminary was founded. In 1852, Rockford was chartered as a city. In 1852, the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad connected Rockford to Chicago by railroad. At the time of its founding, many of the village's residents were transplants from the Northeastern United States and upstate New York. Descended from English Puritans, the Midway/Rockford population was similar to much of the rest of northern Illinois and nearly all of Wisconsin during the mid-19th century. After the Black Hawk War, additional immigrants moved to northern Illinois. During the antebellum period, Rockford shared abolitionist leanings, lending considerable support to the Free Soil Party and the Republican Party. In 1848, 42 percent of voters in Winnebago County voted for Martin Van Buren. In 1852, Free Soil candidate John P. Hale became the first presidential candidate to visit Rockford, although he would only receive 28 percent of the vote. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln won 3,985 votes in Winnebago County to the 817 votes of Stephen A. Douglas.
The 1850s brought industry. In 1853, inventor John Henry Manny moved to Rockford to produce horse-drawn mechanical reapers for farmers and transport the finished products by rail. Chicago implement manufacturer Cyrus McCormick took Manny to court after he produced nearly 6,000 machines. Along with production of agricultural machines, Swedish furniture cooperatives established the city as a manufacturing base; the Rockford Union Furniture Company, under John Erlander, spearheaded these cooperatives. Today, Erlander's home is a Rockford museum that shows his efforts in elevating Rockford to second in furniture manufacturing in the nation, behind Grand Rapids. During the Civil War, one of the first Illinois regiments to be mobilized, the Zouaves, were from Rockford; the city served as the site for Camp Fuller, a training site for four other infantry regiments. In 1884, Rockford established its first city-wide public school district, constructing Rockford Central High School in 1885; the Rockford Female Seminary became the alma mater of Jane Addams in 1881.
This move accompanied the Seminary's transition into a more complete curriculum, represented by its renaming to Rockford College in 1892. Culture flourished with the founding of the Mendelssohn Club in 1884, which became the oldest operating music club in the United States; this was complemented by the construction of a Carnegie library in 1902, which became the first building of Rockford's public library system. 1903 saw the dedication of the Winnebago County Veterans Memorial Hall in the presence of sitting President Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt returned to Rockford during his campaign in 1912 and again to address the soldiers at Camp Grant, a training site for World War I soldiers; the t
Durand is a village in Winnebago County, United States. It is part of the Rockford, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area The population was 1,443 at the 2010 census, up from 1,081 in 2000, its township's beginnings initiated in a no longer existing settlement called Elton, an area South of Durand and including parts of the Pecatonica and Rock Run townships and settled in 1835 by Nelson Salisbury, Harvey Lower, Scott Robb. They and nine other families settled the Southwest portion of modern Durand and Rock Run area. Durand gave birth to Illinois' first tax-supported volunteer fire department. Since its settlement, Durand has been prone to devastating fires. Durand's early flourishings were linked to the development of the Racine-Mississippi Railroad absorbed into Western Union; the line reached Durand in 1857, en route to Freeport, paving the shift from the Elton community into modern Durand and deriving its name from the railroad's first president, H. S. Durand. At this time, Durand saw the beginning of its prosperity which entailed the demise of the Elton settlement.
Durand is located at 42°26′2″N 89°19′41″W. It is located 14 miles by road north of US Route 20 on Illinois Route 70. Illinois Route 75 runs south of town. According to the 2010 census, Durand has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,081 people, 441 households, 288 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,200.9 people per square mile. There were 468 housing units at an average density of 519.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.22% White, 0.56% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population. There were 441 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.10. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males. The median income for a household in the village was $43,988, the median income for a family was $51,042. Males had a median income of $41,016 versus $23,068 for females; the per capita income for the village was $19,211. About 5.5% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over. Carrie Ashton Johnson, author
Boone County, Illinois
Boone County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,165, its county seat is Belvidere. Boone County is included in IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Boone County was formed in 1837 out of Winnebago County, it was named for Kentucky frontiersman Daniel Boone. The first non-Native American settlers arrived in what is now Boone County in 1835, they arrived as a result of the end of the Black Hawk War as well as the completion of the Erie Canal. They consisted of settlers from New England; these were "Yankee" settlers, to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era. They were members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Boone County; when the New England settlers arrived in what is now Boone County there was nothing but a dense virgin forest and wild prairie. In the late 1870s immigrants began arriving from Ireland.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 282 square miles, of which 281 square miles is land and 1.3 square miles is water. Rock County, Wisconsin - north Walworth County, Wisconsin - northeast McHenry County - east DeKalb County - south Ogle County - southwest Winnebago County - west Interstate 90 US Route 20 Illinois Route 76 Illinois Route 173Logan Avenue county route 40 Genoa Road Garden Prairie Road county route 41 Poplar Grove Road county route 32 Capron Road In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Belvidere have ranged from a low of 11 °F in January to a high of 85 °F in July, although a record low of −29 °F was recorded in January 1979 and a record high of 109 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.29 inches in February to 4.56 inches in June. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 54,165 people, 18,505 households, 14,273 families residing in the county; the population density was 193.0 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 19,970 housing units at an average density of 71.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 84.4% white, 2.0% black or African American, 1.3% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 9.3% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 20.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.6% were German, 13.7% were Irish, 9.2% were English, 8.6% were American, 7.7% were Italian, 7.1% were Swedish, 5.0% were Polish. Of the 18,505 households, 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.9% were non-families, 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.32. The median age was 36.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $61,210 and the median income for a family was $69,380. Males had a median income of $53,581 versus $34,651 for females; the per capita income for the county was $26,105.
About 7.9% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. Belvidere Community Unit School District 100 Harvard Community Unit School District 50 Hiawatha Community Unit School District 426 North Boone Community Unit School District 200 Rockford School District 205 Belvidere Caledonia Capron Cherry Valley Poplar Grove Timberlane Candlewick Lake Garden Prairie Boone County is divided into these nine townships: As a historic Yankee settlement, Boone County in its early years was a major base for the Free Soil Party, being one of nine Illinois counties to vote for Martin van Buren in 1848, its Free Soil affinities meant Boone became one of the first strongholds of the Republican Party and remained overwhelmingly Republican for the following century, although it did vote for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt in 1912 when the Republican Party was split. Between at least 1892 and 1928 no Democratic Presidential candidate managed twenty percent of the county's vote, in the century up to 1960 no Democrat reached thirty percent – a degree of GOP loyalty comparable to such famous bastions as Owsley County in Kentucky, Grant County in West Virginia, or Avery County in North Carolina.
Barry Goldwater, who alienated the Yankee Northeast so much as to lose all but one county there, still won Boone County by 15.6 percentage points, between 1968 and 1988 no Democrat did better than Jimmy Carter’s 40.2 percent. The shift of the Republican Party towards an expanded Southern and Western base, its growing strength with social conservatives, alienated the Yankee North during the 1990s and 2000s, but Boone County remained in Republican hands; the candidacy of Ross Perot in 1992 and 1996 caused George H. W. Bush and Bob Dole both to win Boone County with mere pluralities against Bill Clinton, in 2008, Illinois resident Barack Obama became the only Democrat to carry the county since James K. Polk in 1844; the 2010s have seen a reversal of this Democratic trend due to concern over employment declines in the “Rust Belt“, so that Donald Trump’s 2016 showing was the best by a Republican since 1988. National Register of Historic Places listings in Boone County, Illinois History of Boone County, Illinois.
Salem, MA: Higginson Book Co. 1998. The Past and Present of Boone County, Illinois: Containing a History of the County — Its Cities, Etc..
Winnebago County, Illinois
Winnebago County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 295,266, making it the seventh most populous county in Illinois behind Cook County and its five surrounding collar counties, its county seat is Rockford. Winnebago County is the central county of the Rockford Metropolitan Statistical Area. Winnebago County was formed on January 1836 out of Jo Daviess and LaSalle counties, it was named for the Winnebago Tribe of American Indians. At the time the county was founded its inhabitants consisted entirely of New Englanders and New England transplants from upstate New York; these were "Yankee" settlers, meaning they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England during the early 1600s. They made up all of Winnebago County's inhabitants during the first several decades of its history. In this regard the county was similar to most of the northern portion of the state of Illinois, all of the neighboring state of Wisconsin.
After the conclusion of the Black Hawk War there was an additional surge of immigration from New England. As a result of this heritage the inhabitants of Winnebago County considered themselves, functioned as, a cultural expansion of early New England culture. In the Presidential election of 1860, Abraham Lincoln won 3,985 votes in Winnebago County, whereas Stephen A. Douglas only won 817 votes. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 519 square miles, of which 513 square miles is land and 5.9 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Rockford have ranged from a low of 11 °F in January to a high of 83 °F in July, although a record low of −27 °F was recorded in January 1982 and a record high of 112 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.34 inches in February to 4.80 inches in June. Rock County, Wisconsin Boone County DeKalb County Ogle County Stephenson County Green County, Wisconsin As of the 2010 census, there were 295,266 people, 115,501 households, 76,854 families residing in the county.
The population density was 575.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 125,965 housing units at an average density of 245.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 77.4% white, 12.2% black or African American, 2.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 4.9% from other races, 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.6% were German, 13.5% were Irish, 9.4% were American, 8.7% were Swedish, 8.3% were English, 7.4% were Italian. Of the 115,501 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 38.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,198 and the median income for a family was $59,814. Males had a median income of $48,358 versus $32,103 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $24,008. About 11.5% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. Winnebago County is comprised by the following districts represented in 2015-2016 by the following individuals listed along with their political affiliation: District 1 Faye Lyon District 2 Jim Webster District 3 Steve Schultz District 4 David Boomer District 5 Dave Tassoni District 6 Kieth McDonald District 7 Gary Jury District 8 Eli Nicolosi District 9 Dave Kelley District 10 Joe Hoffman District 11 Dave Fiduccia District 12 Julio Salgado District 13 Angie Goral District 14 L. C. Wilson District 15 Burt Gerl District 16 John F. Sweeney District 17 Fred Wescott District 18 Dorothy Redd District 19 John Guevara District 20 Ted Biondo Loves Park Rockford South Beloit Lake Summerset Alworth Argyle‡ Harrison Seward Shirland Wempletown Winnebago County is divided into these townships: Prior to 1992, Winnebago County was a Republican Party stronghold in presidential elections, only backing the Democratic Party candidates in the national landslides of 1936 & 1964.
Since it has become a swing county, backing the national winner in every presidential election from 1980 to 2012. In 2016, national popular vote winner Hillary Clinton won the county by only eighty-nine votes over Electoral College winner Donald Trump. National Register of Historic Places listings in Winnebago County, Illinois Winnebago County War Memorial Specific GeneralU. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Winnebago County, Illinois Shaw, Adele Marie. "Common-Sense Country Schools: How Superintendent kern Has Revolutionized Rural Education In Winnebago County, Illinois". The World's Work: A History of Our Time. VIII: 4883–4894. Retrieved 2009-07-10. Includes numerous photos of c. 1904 Winnebago County schools. Church, Charles A.. History of Rockford and Winnebago County, from the first settlement in 1834 to the civil war. Rockford, Ill.: W. P. Lamb, printer. P. 430. The History of Winnebago County, Illinois: its past and present. Chicago: H. F. Kett & Co. 1877. P. 664. Official website Winnebago County Genealogy History of Winnebago County
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl