Rockport, Texas

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Rockport, Texas
City
Rockport.jpg
Nickname(s): The Texas Riviera
Motto: "Come Sea the Beauty and Charm of Rockport!"
Location of Rockport, Texas
Location of Rockport, Texas
Aransas Rockport.svg
Coordinates: 28°2′55″N 97°2′28″W / 28.04861°N 97.04111°W / 28.04861; -97.04111Coordinates: 28°2′55″N 97°2′28″W / 28.04861°N 97.04111°W / 28.04861; -97.04111
Country United States
State Texas
County Aransas
Incorporated August 18, 1870[1]
Government
 • Mayor Charles J. "C.J." Wax
Area
 • Total 18.5 sq mi (48 km2)
 • Land 14.0 sq mi (36 km2)
 • Water 4.5 sq mi (12 km2)
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,766
 • Density 470/sq mi (180/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78381-78382
Area code(s) 361 Exchanges: 727,729.790
FIPS code 48-62804[2]
GNIS feature ID 1345420[3]
Website www.cityofrockport.com

Rockport is a city in Aransas County, Texas, United States. The population was 8,766 at the 2010 census,[4] it is the county seat.[5]

Rockport is adjacent to the town of Fulton, and many refer to the combined communities as "Rockport-Fulton"; however, Rockport and Fulton are legally separate municipalities.

History[edit]

Rockport's Founding[edit]

Following the Civil War, a number of people considered developing the Live Oak Peninsula. Joseph F. Smith, who had founded the nearby town of St. Mary's in 1850, joined with Thomas H. Mathis and his cousin J.M. Mathis, who were agents of the Morgan Steamship line, and founded a wharf at the site of what would later become the town of Rockport, in 1867, the same year, George W. Fulton and his wife, Texas heiress and Joseph Smith's cousin, Harriet Smith Fulton moved to her extensive land holdings on the peninsula. Fulton also took an interest in the development of Rockport, as well as creating the town of Fulton farther up the coastline; in response, a nascent cattle-slaughtering and packing operation at the wharf expanded rapidly, allowing Rockport to be officially incorporated as a town in 1870; its name arising from the rock ledge that runs along the shore. Thomas Mathis became Rockport's first mayor after being appointed by the governor.[6] A year later in 1871, the town achieved "city" status after continued growth.[7]

Early Years' Boom & Bust[edit]

In 1871, the Mathis cousins teamed up with local ranching families of George W. Fulton and Thomas M. Coleman to raise and slaughter cattle for shipment out of the city's wharf on their steamship line, the partnership proved highly successful, and continued to draw people and businesses to the city. The national Panic of 1873 took its share of the town's prosperity and caused a slump for the next few years, the meat packing market was slow to recover, and the Mathis cousins abandoned the ranching partnership in 1879. Fulton and Coleman then reform their ranching partnership, an organization that continued into the 1930s, for many years Fulton, and others petitioned for the railroad to extend their lines to Rockport, to provide a second source of transportation and break the Morgan Line's monopoly on the Coastal Bend ports. After offering free rights of way across the Coleman-Fulton ranch, and 100s of acres in town lots, finally, in 1888 the railroad arrived, the Morgan Steamship company now had competition, as the local cattle ranchers began shipping live cattle by train, and another brief growth spurt began. This livestock-fueled growth soon ended, here and across Texas, due to some bad winters and the development of the cattle industry in the mid-west, the railroad, however, brought tourists, and the city's economy grew with several large hotels catering to that industry. Rockport's economy soon came to be dominated by shipbuilding and tourism toward the end of the 19th century, at the same time, the railroad offered speedy transportation for crops, and a land boom caused by farming followed until brought to a halt with the national Panic of 1893.[7]

20th Century[edit]

Rockport's economy continued struggling into the early 20th century and took another hit in 1919 when a major hurricane decimated the region. A slow recovery ensued stalling additional development, the city's fortunes however began to improve in 1925 following the establishment of a lucrative shrimping industry which grew further during the 1930s and benefited from the construction of a harbor in 1935. Shrimping activity decreased during World War II but recovered thereafter, boosting the town along with an important boat-building industry that developed in this period as well. By the century's end, shrimping continued to be an important part of the Rockport economy alongside fishing and tourism.[7]

Today[edit]

On August 25, 2017 Hurricane Harvey made landfall near the city as a Category 4 storm on the Saffir–Simpson scale, the storm caused significant damage.[8]

Geography[edit]

Rockport is located at 28°2′55″N 97°2′28″W / 28.04861°N 97.04111°W / 28.04861; -97.04111 (28.048645, -97.041185), on the Live Oak Peninsula, which divides the western shore of Aransas Bay, an arm of the Gulf of Mexico, and the eastern shore of Copano Bay. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.5 square miles (47.9 km2), of which 13.9 square miles (36.1 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (11.8 km2), or 28.84%, is water.[9]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild-to-cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rockport has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,069
1900 1,153 7.9%
1910 1,382 19.9%
1920 1,545 11.8%
1930 1,140 −26.2%
1940 1,729 51.7%
1950 2,266 31.1%
1960 2,989 31.9%
1970 3,879 29.8%
1980 3,686 −5.0%
1990 4,753 28.9%
2000 7,385 55.4%
2010 8,766 18.7%
Est. 2016 10,645 [11] 21.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2000 Census data[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 7,385 people, 3,157 households and 2,127 families residing in the city, the population density was 786.4 people per square mile (303.7/km²). There were 4,533 housing units at an average density of 482.7 per square mile (186.4/km²). The ethnic makeup of the city was 88.68% White, 1.31% African American, 0.50% Native American, 3.64% Asian, 3.40% from other races/ethnicities, and 2.46% from two or more ethnicities. Hispanic or Latino of any Latin American country made up 19.50% of the population.

There were 3,157 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.74.

In the city, the population was 21.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 24.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years, for every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,741, and the median income for a family was $40,880. Males had a median income of $36,195 versus $22,697 for females, the per capita income for the city was $25,135. About 16.4% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.3% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

The Hoopes-Smith House in Rockport is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Area attractions[edit]

Rockport is a popular tourist destination for its access to various forms of marine recreation and attractions such as boating, fishing (bay, offshore, wade, beach, and pier), duck hunting, waterskiing, swimming, birdwatching, and seafood, the city's largest public beach, Rockport Beach Park,[13] offers an array of community facilities including a playground and two beach pavilions.

The city hosts several fairs and expositions each year including the Oyster Fest, Seafair, and a Wine Festival, the Rockport Art Festival, held annually since 1970, is a major event with art exhibitions, auctions, and vendors congregating in the city around the Fourth of July holiday. A more recent addition to the city's list of popular annual attractions is the Rockport Film Festival which has screened and judged entries since its founding in 2007.[14][15][16]

Rockport is also home to an aquarium and multiple historic sites such as the Fulton Mansion and the city's heritage district, the community also hosts the Texas Maritime Museum,[17] as well as numerous art galleries, restaurants, and shops. Area visitor accommodations are provided by a wide range of lodgings, from small bed and breakfasts to major hotels and RV facilities.

Parks and Recreation[edit]

The Big Tree[edit]

Large windswept live oaks are a dominating feature of the area, and the state's oldest live oak, the "Big Tree", resides on nearby Lamar Peninsula.

Rockport Beach Park[13][edit]

Rockport Beach Park is a large public beach fronting Aransas Bay, it features two pavilions, a saltwater pool, boat-launching ramps, and various other amenities.

Boating and Marinas[edit]

There are a number of marinas, boat-launching ramps, marine service businesses, and ship chandlers in the area (catering to both recreational and commercial vessels of either the sail or power variety). Several marinas are operated by the Aransas County Navigation District.[18] The Key Allegro Marina, with its home-lined canals and party atmosphere, is a popular destination among visitors.

The Big Blue Crab[edit]

The Big Blue Crab is a local park and attraction located on the banks of the Little Bay next to the historic Sea View Motel, it features an elevated blue crab sculpture that is the world's largest. Originally constructed in the 1950s, the crab fell apart in the 1970s, but the city rebuilt the attraction in 2012 to even larger proportions, the crab suffered major damage five years later in Hurricane Harvey.[19]

Birdwatching[edit]

The area around and in Rockport is noted as a prime birdwatching center, located on a major North American migratory bird route, the Central Flyway.

Whooping cranes[edit]

Whooping cranes winter in the large Aransas National Wildlife Refuge located nearby. Local organizations such as the Aransas Bird and Nature Club have helped preserve unique birdwatching reserves like the Connie Hagar sanctuary and Aransas Woods that are easily accessible. Located along the migration route of several species of hummingbirds, the city hosts an annual "Hummer and Birding Expo" which includes tours of local residences where hundreds of ruby-throated hummingbirds can be viewed at feeders.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

All of Rockport is served by the Aransas County Independent School District, and the city is home to the Rockport-Fulton High School Pirates. Sacred Heart School, a private school, also serves the community.[20]

Library[edit]

The Aransas County Public Library is located at 701 E. Mimosa Street in Rockport.

Notable people[edit]

  • Ernie Caceres, musician
  • Guy Clark, American country and folk singer, musician, songwriter, recording artist, and performer[21]
  • Dat Nguyen, football player; grew up in Rockport
  • Margaret Skeete, oldest living American from 1993 to 1994, and oldest person ever from Texas
  • John H. Wood, Jr., first federal judge assassinated in the 20th century
  • Jack Wyatt, TV personality; retired in Rockport

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cityofrockport.com/DocumentCenter/View/9208
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Rockport city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "Mathis, Thomas Henry". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved September 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c "Rockport, Tx". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Beven, John L. (August 25, 2017). "Hurricane Harvey Advisory Number 23". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer Files 2016-Places-Texas". US Census. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Rockport, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "Rockport Texas Beach". www.rockportbeach-texas.com. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  14. ^ http://fultonoysterfest.org/
  15. ^ http://rockportfilmfestival.com
  16. ^ http://www.rockportartcenter.com/calendar/eventdetail.php?uid=1269
  17. ^ "Texas Maritime Museum". Texas Maritime Museum. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  18. ^ "Aransas County Navigation District". www.acnd.org. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  19. ^ "The Big Blue Crab". Roadside America. Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Sacred Heart School". Sacred Heart School. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  21. ^ https://www.austinchronicle.com/music/2013-07-19/we-were-from-texas/

External links[edit]