Alton, Rhode Island
Alton is a small village of about 250 residents within the town of Richmond, Rhode Island. It is located about one hour south of the state's capital; the village is residential, with no retail stores. Alton is 5 miles from the Pawcatuck River. A major employer in the town is a fabric dye factory located in the center of town. Charbert is a division of Narrow Fabrics of America. Residents of Alton have complained about Charbert polluting their air and water since 1978, when a rotten egg smell was first perceived; this is due to Charbert's five open-air, unlined lagoons used to treat its wastewater from factory production. As a result, toxins present in the wastewater have seeped into the groundwater, which all residents use for drinking water, into the air that local residents breathe. 19 homes in Alton had their water tested in 2004 by the Department of Health. Charbert paid for these tests, which considered the levels of 63 different VOCs and MTBE in the drinking water supply. Three homes were placed on a bottled water supply in response to the test results because their MTBE levels were above health advisory levels.
The drinking water supply in four homes on River street that directly face the Charbert factory is tested on a quarterly basis. Town of Richmond official website
Kenyon, Rhode Island
Kenyon is a small village in the town of Richmond near its border with the town of Charlestown in the U. S. state of Rhode Island. The population was 136 at the 2010 United States Census; the southern border of Kenyon is the Pawcatuck River. Its ZIP code is 02836; the small village of Shannock is located nearby
Block Island is located off the coast of Rhode Island 14 miles east of Montauk Point, Long Island, 13 miles south from mainland Rhode Island, from which it is separated by Block Island Sound. It was named after Dutch explorer Adriaen Block; the United States Census Bureau defines Block Island as census tract 415 of Washington County, Rhode Island. As of the 2010 Census, the island's population is 1,051 living on a land area of 9.734 square miles. The island is part of a coastal archipelago; the Nature Conservancy added Block Island to its list of "The Last Great Places", which consists of 12 sites in the Western Hemisphere, about 40-percent of the island is set aside for conservation. Presidents Bill Clinton, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Ulysses S. Grant have visited Block Island. Other famous visitors include Amelia Earhart and Charles Lindbergh, who each visited the island in 1929. Block Island shares the same area as the town of Rhode Island; the island is a popular summer tourist destination and is known for its bicycling, sailing and beaches.
It hosts two historic lighthouses: Block Island North Light on the northern tip of the island, Block Island Southeast Light on the southeastern side. Much of the northwestern tip of the island is an undeveloped natural area and resting stop for birds along the Atlantic flyway. Popular events include the annual Fourth of July Parade and fireworks. During these times, the island's population can triple over the normal summer vacation crowd. Block Island was formed by the same receding glaciers that formed the Outer Lands of Cape Cod, the Hamptons, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket during the end of the last ice age thousands of years ago; the Niantic people called the island "Manisses", or just "Little Island". Archaeological sites indicate that these people lived by hunting deer, catching fish and shellfish, growing corn and squash with the Three Sisters technique, they migrated from forest to coastal areas to take advantage of seasonal resources. One modern researcher has theorized that Indians may have established a settlement as early as 500 BC, although there is no consensus on that idea.
Giovanni da Verrazzano sighted the island in 1524 and named it "Claudia" in honor of Claude, Duchess of Brittany, queen consort of France and the wife of Francis I. However, several contemporaneous maps identified the same island as "Luisa," after Louise of Savoy, the Queen Mother of France and the mother of Francis I. Verrazano's ship log stated that the island was "full of hilles, covered with trees, well-peopled for we saw fires all along the coaste." 100 years Dutch explorer Adriaen Block charted the island in 1614. The growing tensions among the tribes of the region in this time caused the Niantics to split into two divisions: the Western Niantics, who allied with the Pequots and Mohegans, the Eastern Niantics, who allied with the Narragansetts. In 1632, Indians killed colonial traders John Stone and Walter Norton, the Pequots of eastern Connecticut were blamed. A Pequot delegation presented magistrates in Boston with two bushels of wampum and a bundle of sticks representing the number of beavers and otters with which they would compensate the colonists for the deaths.
They sought peace with the colonies and requested help establishing concord with the Narragansetts, who bordered them to the east. The colonial authorities, in turn, demanded the Indians responsible for killing Stone and Norton, a promise not to interfere with colonial settlement in Connecticut, 400 fathoms of wampum and the pelts of 40 beavers and 30 otters. In 1636, John Gallup came across the boat of a noted troublemaker. Oldham had flirted with impropriety since the day. Not long after arriving in Plymouth in 1623, he "grew perverse and showed a spirit of great malignancy," according to Plymouth Colony Governor William Bradford, he was accused of religious subversion and responded with impertinence, hurling invective at his accusers and drawing a knife on Captain Myles Standish. He was banished from Plymouth and fled to Massachusetts Bay, settling first in Nantasket Cape Ann, Watertown, where he continued to indulge his penchant for mayhem. Despite his unsavory reputation, Massachusetts Bay sought his extensive knowledge of the New England coast when they asked him to retrieve a hefty ransom on the colony's behalf.
It was on this mission that Oldham was dismembered. Massachusetts sent ninety men to Block Island in August under John Endicott on a punitive expedition for Oldham's murder with instructions to kill every Niantic warrior and capture the women and children, who would be valuable as slaves; the expedition was ordered by Massachusetts Governor Henry Vane to "massacre all of the Native men on the island". The English burned the corn fields, they shot every dog, but the Niantics fled into the woods, the soldiers only managed to kill fourteen of them. Deciding that this punishment was insufficient and his men sailed over to Fort Saybrook before going after the Pequot village at the mouth of the Thames River to demand one thousand fathoms of wampum to pay for the murder, they took some Pequot children as hostages to insure peace, these incidents are seen as the initial events that led to the Pequot War. Massachusetts Bay Colony claimed the island by conquest. In 1658, the colony sold the island to a group of men headed up by Endecott.
In 1661, the Endecott group sold the isla
Charlestown, Rhode Island
Charlestown is a town in Washington County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 7,827 at the 2010 census. Charlestown is named after King Charles II, was incorporated in 1738; the area was part of the town of Westerly. It was in turn divided and the part north of the Pawcatuck River became the town of Richmond in 1747. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.3 square miles, of which, 36.8 square miles of it is land and 22.5 square miles of it is water. The town is bordered by Westerly on the west. In 2011, Charlestown became the first municipality in the United States to pass a ban on any size or type of electricity-generating wind turbines; the sweeping prohibition applies to large commercial as well as smaller residential turbines. This temporary measure was in order to draft a new ordinance providing for small turbines but prohibiting commercial turbines. Residential Wind Energy Facilities. Purpose; the purpose of this section is to provide for the construction and operation of wind energy facilities as accessory uses and structures for residential and agricultural uses, to provide standards that address public health and welfare in the placement, construction, monitoring and removal of wind energy facilities and minimize negative impacts on scenic and historic resources of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,859 people, 3,178 households, 2,278 families residing in the town. The population density was 213.3 people per square mile. There were 4,797 housing units at an average density of 130.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.26% White, 0.38% African American, 1.26% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population. There were 3,178 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $51,491, the median income for a family was $56,866. Males had a median income of $40,616 versus $29,474 for females; the per capita income for the town was $25,642. About 3.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over. Students in Charlestown are part of the Chariho Regional School District; the town government is directed by a 5-member town council, headed by a council president. For the purpose of school administration, Charlestown is a member town of the Chariho Regional School District along with the neighboring towns of Richmond and Hopkinton. Charlestown is the headquarters for the Narragansett Indian Tribe and the location of their reservation. Charlestown is served by the Charlestown Police Department; the Chief of Police is Col. Michael J. Paliotta.
Ninigret Park, the former site of Charlestown NAAS, is in Charlestown. It is now an popular place for recreational sports games including a small beachfront, a bike track, sporting fields, tennis courts. Along with these features, the park contains the Frosty Drew Nature Center & Observatory. Ninigret Park is used for the majority of large events occurring within the town of Charlestown including the Charlestown Seafood Festival, the Big Apple Circus and the Rhythm And Roots music festival. Charlestown contains several beaches that are described as "the best kept secret in Rhode Island." Miles of secluded, sandy beaches offer visitors a chance to enjoy many outdoor activities or just some relaxation under the sun. Some of these beaches include town operated areas such as "Blue Shutters Town Beach" and "Charlestown Town Beach" and other are state managed areas including "East Beach State Beach" and "Charlestown Breachway State Beach." Burlingame State Park and Campground is contained inside the town of Charlestown.
The campground is 3,100 acres of rocky woodland. Activities at the park include 755 campsites, swimming, picnicking and hiking; the area north of Buckeye Brook Road, abutting the Pawcatuck River, is a hunting area. The Charlestown, RI Chamber of Commerce holds an annual seafood and lobster festival in the first week of August. Local businesses and vendors set up booths for various seafood based events; the Seafood Festival has been named one of the Top 100 Events in America by the American Tour Bus Association in 1988, 1996 and 2008. Babcock House District Schoolhouse No. 2 Fort Ninigret Foster Cove Archeological Site Historic Village of the Narragansetts in Charlestown Indian Burial Ground Joseph Jeffrey House Shannock Historic District Sheffield House Joseph Stanton House Media related to Charlestown, Rhode Island at Wikimedia Commons Charlestown, Rhode Island travel guide from Wikivoyage
Ashaway, Rhode Island
Ashaway is an unincorporated village and census-designated place in the town of Hopkinton in Washington County, Rhode Island, United States. It is a principal village of Hopkinton, along with Hope Valley, although it is the smaller of the two; the population was 1,485 at the 2010 census. The name Ashaway is derived from the American Indian name for the river that runs through the village, the Ashawague or Ashawaug, which means "land in the middle" or "land between" in the Niantic and Mohegan languages; the name "Ashawague River" appears as late as 1832 on the Findley map of Rhode Island published in Philadelphia, PA. Ashaway is located at 41°25′23″N 71°47′20″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.2 km². 6.2 km² of it is land and 0.1 km² of it is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,485 people, 566 households, 418 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 239.5/km². There were 617 housing units at an average density of 99.5/km². The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.14% White, 0.88% African American, 1.55% American Indian, 0.88% Asian, 1.48% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.83% of the population. There were 566 households, out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 26.1% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.01. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 19% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24% from 25 to 44, 31% from 45 to 64, 19% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. There were 95.3 males for every 100 females, 92.3 males age 18 and over for every 100 females age 18 and over. The median income for a household in the CDP during 2000 was $47,271, the median income for a family was $49,125. Males had a median income of $41,375 versus $25,556 for females.
The per capita income for the CDP was $21,149. About 6.6% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over. Ashaway, RI is the city of license for radio station WSUB-LP known as 96.7 FM The Buzz. Its antenna is atop the old Bradford Dyeing Association smokestack, but the designated city of license is Ashaway by the Federal Communications Commission. WSUB-LP is owned and operated by The Buzz Alternative Radio Foundation, Inc
Richmond, Rhode Island
Richmond is a town in Washington County, Rhode Island. The population was 7,708 at the 2010 census, it contains the villages of Alton, Barberville, Hillsdale, Hope Valley, Shannock, Tug Hollow, Wood River Junction and Wyoming. Students in Richmond are part of the Chariho Regional School District; the town of Richmond was part of the territory of Westerly, Rhode Island, which remained in dispute for several years among the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut Colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1665, King Charles II dissolved the charters of those three colonies and renamed the disputed area "King’s County". In May 1669, the General Assembly of Rhode Island organized King’s County into the town of Westerly, the town of Westerly organized itself into four separate areas: Westerly, Charlestown and Hopkinton. On April 19, 1873, there was a bridge washout in the village of Richmond Switch, which today is known as Wood River Junction. A passenger train approached, unaware of the bridge washout, ran off the tracks and into the water.
Eleven people died. The Washington County Fair is the largest fair in the state and has been held in Richmond since 1970. Richmond is 35 miles south of the state's capital, Rhode Island, it is a forested, landlocked community According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.8 square miles, of which 40.6 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Richmond borders Charlestown to the south, Exeter to the north and northeast, Hopkinton to the west, South Kingstown to the southeast. Richmond is the only town in Washington County that does not border the ocean. A 2,359-acre tract in Richmond is owned by the state and managed for wildlife food and habitat as the Carolina Management Area; the Carolina Management Area is forest, but includes wetlands and agricultural land. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,222 people, 2,537 households, 2,034 families residing in the town; the population density was 178.1 people per square mile. There were 2,620 housing units at an average density of 64.6 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 96.97% White, 0.40% African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.19% from other races, 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population. There were 2,537 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.3% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.8% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.14. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 34.4% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $59,840, the median income for a family was $64,688.
Males had a median income of $41,357 versus $29,115 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,351. About 1.9% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over. The town government is directed by a 5-member town council, headed by a council president at the Richmond Town Hall. For the purpose of school administration, Richmond is a member town of the Chariho Regional School District with the neighboring towns of Charlestown and Hopkinton. In May 2007 Richmond voters approved a referendum to create a Home Rule Charter Commission; the Charter Commission subsequently created a Richmond Home Rule Charter, the Town Council unanimously approved its placement on the November 2008 ballot. Richmond voters approved the Charter by a 70%-30% margin; the Rhode Island General Assembly gave their approval on May 20, 2009, the Charter took effect on May 28, 2009 when Governor Donald Carcieri allowed it to become law without his signature.
The Charter retains many features of the prior government: the 5-member town council headed by a council president. The major changes included 4-year terms for the town councilors instead of 2 years, effective in November 2010, the creation of a Town Administrator who reports directly to the town council. Billy Gilman, country artist and runner-up of Season 11 of The Voice. Gilman is from the village of Hope Valley and is mistaken as being from Hopkinton because most of the village is located in that town. Thomas A. Tefft, architect Frank J. Williams, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Rhode Island Carolina Village Historic District John Hoxsie House Shannock Historic District Wyoming Village Historic District Richmond, Rhode Island travel guide from Wikivoyage Google. "Richmond, Rhode Island". Google Maps. Google
Watch Hill, Rhode Island
Watch Hill is an affluent coastal village and census-designated place in the town of Westerly, Rhode Island. It sits at the most-southwestern point in all of Rhode Island, it came to prominence in the late 19th and early 20th century as an exclusive summer resort, with wealthy families building sprawling Victorian-style "cottages" along the peninsula. Watch Hill is characterized by The New York Times as a community "with a strong sense of privacy and of discreetly used wealth," in contrast with "the overpowering castles of the rich" in nearby Newport; the area was occupied by Niantic Indians in the 17th century. Colonists used it as an important lookout point during the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War, hence the community's name; some landmarks in the village include the Watch Hill Lighthouse, the first of, built in 1745. One point of interest in Watch Hill is the ruins of Fort Mansfield, an old coastal artillery post situated at the end of Napatree Point, it was one of a series of such forts constructed to guard the eastern entrance to Long Island Sound as part of the coastal defense network for New York City during the Spanish–American War.
It was in operation between 1901 and 1909 was closed down over the course of several years. The land was sold in 1926, all the government buildings were demolished during the winter of 1928–29; the three concrete gun emplacements were left behind and remain there to this day, offering tunnels and underground rooms to explore. At low tide, some remains can be seen of the Battery Connell. Fort Road connected Watch Hill to Fort Mansfield, but the Hurricane of 1938 wiped it out and destroyed 39 houses, the Yacht and Beach Clubs, a bathing pavilion. Fifteen people were killed and others survived by clinging to wreckage, as they were swept across the bay to Connecticut. Several breachways were created in Napatree Point. To this day, Sandy Point remains an island, rather than the northern extension of Napatree; the shortened Napatree Point is now a barrier beach without any houses. It is open to the public, offers bird watching and surf casting. Watch Hill sits at the most southwestern point of Rhode Island on a stubby peninsula jutting into Block Island Sound.
It includes a smaller peninsula known as Napatree Point, a 1.5-mile -long sandy spit that extends west from the Watch Hill business district, Sandy Point, once attached to Napatree Point. Both Napatree and Sandy Point shelter Little Narragansett Bay and have made Watch Hill a popular harbor around which the business district has grown. Watch Hill is a three-hour drive from New York City. On clear days, there are views of Montauk, New York to the south and Block Island, Rhode Island to the southeast. According to The New York Times, Watch Hill was home to "a select group of wealthy families" whose lives revolved around "golf and tennis at the Misquamicut Club and yachting at the Watch Hill Yacht Club, tea and cocktails at Ocean House and Watch Hill's other grand hotels." Wealthy families built sprawling Victorian-style "cottages" along the peninsula. The village was known as "a somewhat staid and family-oriented community compared to glittering Newport, Rhode Island's other, more famous summer colony."
Famous guests to the seaside resort included Albert Einstein, Douglas Fairbanks, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. Groucho Marx, David Niven and Jean Harlow. Stephen Birmingham described Watch Hill as "an Andorra of Victoriana on the New England shore."For several generations, the community has maintained its "old-money summer colony" atmosphere as traditional summer communities have developed, namely Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard, the Hamptons. New England traditions are evident in the popular hobbies of its residents, such as golf and tennis, as well as the "privacy-loving, multigenerational families tucked into century-old shingled houses", with the majority being passed down in families for several generations; the New York Times notes that "Watch Hill impresses visitors with a strong sense of privacy and of discreetly used wealth—the rambling, old-fashioned and gingerbreaded Victorian summer houses with piazzas and rolling lawns have little in common with the overpowering castles of the rich in Newport, a place mentioned in Watch Hill though it is 30 miles distant.".
The waterfront was once lined with huge Victorian hotels. However and hurricanes destroyed all during the 20th century; the two remaining hotels are the Watch Hill Inn. The Ocean House was opened in 1868; the Ocean House today consists of both hotel condominiums. It is the only Forbes Five-Star and AAA Five Diamond Hotel in Rhode Island and has been described by The New York Times as a place which "conjures up another age, when women wore white gloves to tea and golf was a newfangled pastime." Celebrities have holidayed at the hotel, including Regis Philbin. The village is listed as a census-designated place. Watch Hill Historic District is a 629-acre historic district in the village, listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places; as a state-charted Fire District, the Watch Hill area is authorized to tax residents to fund their volunteer fire department, but the bulk of property taxes go to the town to fund municipal services and schools. Notable current and former residents of Watch Hill include: Tay