2012 United States presidential election
The 2012 United States presidential election was the 57th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012. The Democratic nominee, President Barack Obama, his running mate, Vice President Joe Biden, were elected to a second term, they defeated the Republican ticket of former Governor Mitt Romney of Massachusetts and Representative Paul Ryan of Wisconsin. As the incumbent president, Obama secured the Democratic nomination with no serious opposition; the Republicans experienced a competitive primary. Romney was competitive in the polls and won the support of many party leaders, but he faced challenges from a number of more conservative contenders. Romney clinched his party's nomination in May, defeating Rick Santorum, Newt Gingrich, several other candidates; the campaigns focused on domestic issues, debate centered around sound responses to the Great Recession. Other issues included long-term federal budget issues, the future of social insurance programs, the Affordable Care Act, Obama's marquee legislative program.
Foreign policy was discussed, including the phase-out of the Iraq War, military spending, the Iranian nuclear program, appropriate counteractions to terrorism. The campaign was marked by a sharp rise in fundraising, including from nominally independent Super PACs. Obama defeated Romney, winning a majority of both the Electoral College. Obama won 51.1% of the popular vote compared to Romney's 47.2%. Obama was the first incumbent since Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944 to win reelection with fewer electoral votes and a lower popular vote percentage than had been won in the previous election, was the first two-term president since Ronald Reagan to win both his presidential bids with a majority of the nationwide popular vote. In 2011, several state legislatures passed new voting laws pertaining to voter identification, with the stated purpose of combating voter fraud. Florida, Ohio and West Virginia's state legislatures approved measures to shorten early voting periods. Florida and Iowa barred all felons from voting.
Kansas, South Carolina, Tennessee and Wisconsin state legislatures passed laws requiring voters to have government-issued IDs before they could cast their ballots. This meant that people without driver's licenses or passports had to gain new forms of ID. Obama, the NAACP, the Democratic Party fought against many of the new state laws. Former President Bill Clinton denounced them, saying, "There has never been in my lifetime, since we got rid of the poll tax and all the Jim Crow burdens on voting, the determined effort to limit the franchise that we see today", he was referring to Jim Crow laws passed in southern states near the turn of the twentieth century that disenfranchised most blacks from voting and excluded them from the political process for more than six decades. Clinton said the moves would disenfranchise core voter blocs that trend liberal, including college students and Latinos. Rolling Stone magazine criticized the American Legislative Exchange Council for lobbying in states to bring about these laws, to "solve" a problem that does not exist.
The Obama campaign fought against the Ohio law, pushing for a petition and statewide referendum to repeal it in time for the 2012 election. In addition, the Pennsylvania legislature proposed a plan to change its representation in the electoral college from the traditional winner-take-all model to a district-by-district model; as the governorship and both houses of its legislature were Republican-controlled, the move was viewed by some as an attempt to reduce Democratic chances. With an incumbent president running for re-election against token opposition, the race for the Democratic nomination was uneventful; the nomination process consisted of primaries and caucuses, held by the 50 states, as well as Guam, Puerto Rico, Washington, D. C. U. S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Democrats Abroad. Additionally, high-ranking party members known as superdelegates each received one vote in the convention. A few of the primary challengers surpassed the president's vote total in individual counties in several of the seven contested primaries, though none made a significant impact in the delegate count.
Running unopposed everywhere else, President Obama cemented his status as the Democratic presumptive nominee on April 3, 2012, by securing the minimum number of pledged delegates needed to obtain the nomination. Candidates with considerable name recognition who entered the race for the Republican presidential nomination in the early stages of the primary campaign included Representative and former Libertarian nominee Ron Paul, former Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty, who co-chaired John McCain's campaign in 2008, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, the runner-up for the nomination in the 2008 cycle, former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich; the first debate took place on May 5, 2011, in Greenville, South Carolina, with businessman Herman Cain, former New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson, Ron Paul, Tim Pawlenty, former Pennsylvania Senator Rick Santorum participating. Another debate took place a month with Newt Gingrich, Mitt Romney, former Utah Governor Jon Huntsman, Rep. Michele Bachmann participating, Gary Johnson excluded.
A total of thirteen debates were held before the Iowa caucuses. The first major event of the campaign was the Ames Straw Poll, which took place in Iowa on August 13, 2011. Michele Bachmann won the straw poll. Pawlenty withdrew from the race after a poor showin
2016 Republican Party vice presidential candidate selection
This article lists potential candidates for the Republican nomination for Vice President of the United States in the 2016 United States presidential election. Businessman Donald Trump of New York, the 2016 Republican nominee for President of the United States, considered several prominent Republicans and other individuals before selecting Governor Mike Pence of Indiana as his running mate on July 15, 2016. Pence formally won the vice presidential nomination on July 19, 2016, at the 2016 Republican National Convention; as the Trump-Pence ticket won the 2016 presidential election, Pence became Vice President of the United States on January 20, 2017. Presumptive Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump turned his attention towards selecting a running mate after he became the presumptive nominee on May 4, 2016. Trump's rivals, Senator Ted Cruz of Texas and Governor John Kasich of Ohio, had begun their vice-presidential vetting processes by April 2016, but both dropped out from the race after the Indiana primary.
The vetting process begins with a thorough examination of public records, such as speeches and campaign finance reports. This is followed by a "full vet," in which potential vice presidential nominees are asked to submit detailed tax returns and medical records, answer extensive questionnaires. Attorney Arthur B. Culvahouse, Jr. led the vetting process for the Trump campaign. On April 27, 2016, Cruz announced that, should he win the presidential nomination, he would select businesswoman Carly Fiorina of California as his running mate, hoping it would help him win the nomination in regards to winning delegates from her home state. Cruz was the first major party presidential candidate to name a running mate while not being the frontrunner for the presidential nomination since Ronald Reagan chose Senator Richard Schweiker of Pennsylvania as his running mate of choice prior to the 1976 Republican National Convention. However, Cruz dropped out from the race after losing to Trump in Indiana. Then-campaign manager Corey Lewandowski and Paul Manafort presented Trump with a list of sixteen names in mid-May, starting in June, the Trump campaign began vetting six individuals.
On May 10, 2016, Trump told the Associated Press that he had narrowed his list of potential running mates to "five or six people" with a background in politics, as opposed to the military or business. However, on July 6, Trump stated that "about" ten people remained in the running as potential running mate selections. In mid-June, Eli Stokols and Burgess Everett of Politico reported that Trump's shortlist included Governor Chris Christie of New Jersey, former Speaker Newt Gingrich of Georgia, Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama, Governor Mary Fallin of Oklahoma. A June 30 Washington Post report included Senators Bob Corker of Tennessee, Richard Burr of North Carolina, Tom Cotton of Arkansas, Joni Ernst of Iowa, as well as Governor Mike Pence of Indiana, as individuals still being considered for the ticket; the Trump campaign strongly considered Governor John Kasich of Ohio, considering him the "perfect choice," but Kasich refused to be considered for the ticket. In early July and Ernst both declined to be considered as Trump's running mate.
Meanwhile, Trump stated that he was considering two military generals for the position, including retired Lieutenant General Michael Flynn. On July 12, NBC News reported that Trump was planning to formally introduce his eventual pick on July 15, though "it's not clear whether or not the identity of the pick could be released or could leak earlier in the week." The same article reported that he had narrowed his list down to Christie and Pence. On July 14, it was reported that Mike Pence had been selected as Donald Trump's running mate, following his acceptance of Trump's offer. Trump had planned to announce his choice on July 15 at 11 a.m. ET, in Manhattan, following a terrorist attack in Promenade des Anglais, France, announced the day prior that he would postpone the announcement. On the morning of July 15, Trump announced via Twitter his choice of Indiana Governor Mike Pence as his vice presidential running mate. Trump made the formal announcement at a news conference at 11 a.m. on July 16.
Pence had been running for re-election as Governor of Indiana, but Indiana law prevents him from appearing on the election ballot twice, so Pence suspended his gubernatorial campaign. Within the Trump campaign, Pence emerged as a potential running mate in May due to the backing of senior advisers Kellyanne Conway and Paul Manafort. CNN reported that multiple sources told them that Trump had second thoughts on the Pence pick and attempted to pick Christie instead, though the Trump campaign denied those reports. Following the selection, The New York Times noted that Pence is a "sturdy and predictable politician" who has a strong appeal to the Christian right. On July 19, the second night of the 2016 Republican National Convention, Pence won the vice presidential nomination by acclamation. Republican Party presidential candidates, 2016 Republican Party presidential primaries, 2016 Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection, 2016
2016 United States presidential debates
The 2016 United States presidential debates were a series of debates held for the presidential election. The Commission on Presidential Debates, a bipartisan organization formed in 1987, organized three debates among the major presidential candidates; the first presidential debate for the 2016 election took place on September 26, 2016, set the record as the most-watched debate in American history, with 84 million viewers. The only vice-presidential debate was held on October 4; the second presidential debate took place on October 9, the final debate took place on October 19. All CPD debates occurred from 9 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. EDT. Only the Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton and the Republican nominee Donald Trump met the criteria for inclusion in the debates, thus were the only two to appear in the debates. Hillary Clinton was considered to have won all three presidential debates and Mike Pence was considered to have won the Vice-Presidential debate in opinion polls of voters. Despite this, Donald Trump won the presidential election held on November 8.
The Commission on Presidential Debates stipulates three criteria for eligibility for the presidential debates: constitutional eligibility to serve as president, appearance on enough ballots to reach 270 electoral votes, an average at least 15% on five selected national polls. For the vice-presidential debate, the running mates of the presidential candidates qualifying for the first presidential debate will be invited. By mid-September Hillary Clinton, Donald Trump, Gary Johnson, Jill Stein were on enough ballots to reach 270 electoral votes; as of August 2016, Johnson and Stein had polled as high as 13% and 7% and had an average of 8.3% and 3%, respectively. On August 15, the CPD announced that it would use the most recent CBS/New York Times, Fox News, CNN/Opinion Research Corporation, NBC/Wall Street Journal, ABC/Washington Post polls for the debate criteria and that candidates must be at an average of 15% in these polls. On September 16, the commission announced the official invitation of both Clinton and Trump to participate in the first debate to be held on September 26 at Hofstra University, but Johnson and Stein did not meet the established criteria, would not be participants in the debate.
The commission confirmed that Clinton and Trump had committed to participate. It was announced that Mike Pence and Tim Kaine would be participating in the only scheduled vice presidential debate, to take place at Longwood University on October 4; the 15% threshold will be reapplied with polling numbers following the first debate in order to judge the participants in the second debate to take place on October 9. Moderators for the four debates were announced September 2, 2016. Over the combined six hours of debate time at the three presidential debates and one vice presidential debate, the issues most raised in moderators' questions were the Syrian civil war and terrorism. U. S.-Russia relations, job creation, Trump's taxes, Trump's lewd leaked recording controversy were each asked about in three questions, Clinton's emails, the Supreme Court, Social Security, taxation of the wealthy, the national debt, the Affordable Care Act, "uniting the country," nuclear weapons, the legitimacy of the election, were each the subject of two questions.
A number of issues were the subject of a single question, including expectations of police conduct, race relations, gun policy, "birtherism," jobs in the energy industry, Islamophobia, the Clinton Foundation, the Donald J. Trump Foundation, the strengths of the candidates' opponents, the skills of the vice presidential nominees, the candidate's faith, the low favorability ratings of both candidates, the paid speeches given by Clinton, Trump's Twitter posts, Clinton's "basket of deplorables" remark, Clinton's "look," and the candidates' behavior; the debate moderators failed to ask a question about climate change at any of the three debates, although Clinton did touch on the issue twice as part of responses to other questions. The moderators' failure to address the issue prompted complaints by commentators. David Leonhardt of the New York Times termed it "a failure of journalism" and a "a grievous error." Prominent climate scientists Kerry Emanuel and Michael E. Mann, as well as activist group 350.org, criticized the failure of the debates to address the issue.
A number of other issues were either addressed sparingly or not at all: On national security issues, the sole mention of Afghanistan, the U. S.'s longest-running war, came in a mention by Clinton in response to a question about NATO in the first debate. Veterans and the VA were the subject of brief mentions six times over the three presidential debates, but "never in the context of major policy or reform proposals." On foreign policy, a number of issues were not addressed by any candidate or moderator, including Africa, U. S.-Cuba relations, China's nine-dash line, South America and drone warfare. On domestic policy, issues that neither candidate mentioned in any debate include universal pre-kindergarten, affirmative action, the death penalty, the NSA, the Patriot Act, charter schools, DACA or the Dreamers. On economic issues, issues that neither candidate mentioned in any debate include budget sequestration, the capital gains tax, paid leave, oil drilling and fracking and labor unions. On Russian cyberattacks on the United States and influence on the election, no questions were asked, but during the third debate Clinton revealed her knowledge of behind the scenes events, which she stated happened because Putin favored Trump, whom she called a "puppet".
Timeline of the 2016 United States presidential election
The following is a timeline of major events leading up to, after the United States presidential election of 2016. The election was the 58th quadrennial and most recent United States presidential election, held on November 8, 2016; the presidential primaries and caucuses were held between February 1 and June 14, 2016, staggered among the 50 states, Washington, D. C. and U. S. territories. The U. S. Congress certified the electoral result on January 6, 2017, the new President and Vice President were inaugurated on January 20, 2017. November 20 – Jim Webb, former US Senator from Virginia, forms an exploratory committee for a possible run for president December 16 – Former Florida Governor Jeb Bush announces the formation of a political action committee for a possible run for president January 26 – Chris Christie, Governor of New Jersey, forms a PAC in preparation for a possible run for president January 27 – Martin O'Malley, former Governor of Maryland, forms a PAC in preparation for a possible run for president January 29 – Lindsey Graham, United States Senator from South Carolina, forms an exploratory committee in preparation for a possible run for president January 30 – Mitt Romney, former Governor of Massachusetts and 2012 Republican presidential nominee, declines to run in the 2016 election after considering it February 9 – George Pataki, former Governor of New York, forms a PAC in preparation for a possible run for president March 2 – Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, forms an exploratory committee in preparation for a possible run for president March 5 – Mark Everson, former Commissioner of Internal Revenue, formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party March 18 – Donald Trump, CEO of The Trump Organization since 1971, forms an exploratory committee in preparation for a possible run for president on the Republican Party ticket March 23 – U.
S. Senator Ted Cruz, of Texas, formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party April 7 – U. S. Senator Rand Paul, of Kentucky declares his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party April 9 Former Rhode Island Governor Lincoln Chafee announces the formation of an exploratory committee for a possible run for president Former U. S. Senator Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania forms a "testing the waters" account for a possible run for president April 12 – Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton formally announces her candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Democratic Party April 13 – U. S. Senator Marco Rubio, of Florida declares his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party April 30 – U. S. Senator Bernie Sanders, of Vermont, formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Democratic Party May 4 Former business executive Carly Fiorina, of California declares her candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party Neurosurgeon Ben Carson, of Maryland, formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party May 5 – Former Governor of Arkansas Mike Huckabee declares his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party May 27 – Former U.
S. Senator Rick Santorum, of Pennsylvania, formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party May 28 – Former Governor of New York George Pataki declares his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party May 30 – Former Governor of Maryland Martin O'Malley formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Democratic Party May 31 – US Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts confirms she will not be running for president June 1 – U. S. Senator Lindsey Graham, of South Carolina declares his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party June 3 – Former Governor of Rhode Island Lincoln Chafee formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Democratic Party June 4 – Former Governor of Texas Rick Perry declares his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party June 15 – Former Governor of Florida Jeb Bush formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party June 16 – Business magnate Donald Trump, of New York declares his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party June 22 – Massachusetts physician Jill Stein declares her candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Green Party June 24 – Governor of Louisiana Bobby Jindal formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party June 30 – Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie declares his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party July 2 – Former U.
S. Senator Jim Webb, of Virginia, formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Democratic Party July 13 – Governor of Wisconsin Scott Walker formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party July 21 – Governor of Ohio John Kasich announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party July 30 – Former Governor of Virginia Jim Gilmore formally announces his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the Republican Party August 3 – First presidential forum, featuring 14 Republican candidates, was broadcast on C-SPAN from the New Hampshire Institute of Politics in Goffstown, New Hampshire August 4 – Fox News announced which 10 candidates were invited to the first official Republican debate August 6 – First official presidential debate, featuring 10 Republican candidates, is held in Cleveland, Ohio Fox News includes the other seven Republican candidates in a separate debate held earlier on the same day August 11 – Lawrence L
Orange County Business Journal
The Orange County Business Journal is a weekly print and online newspaper covering business in Orange County, California. The paper is the second largest business journal in California after the Los Angeles Business Journal; the Orange County Business Journal is among the largest business journals in the country, in league with Crain’s Chicago Business, the Los Angeles Business Journal, the San Francisco Business Times, Atlanta Business Chronicle and the Boston Business Journal. The Orange County Business Journal covers information on various industries, including the technology, medical device, defense, real estate, finance sector; the editorial department of the Orange County Business Journal publishes reference lists within the paper, including their lists of top firms in Orange County, the most influential business people in the county, a list of the wealthiest people. At the end of each year, the Business Journal publishes their Book of Lists, a compilation of the lists that have run during the year.
The Orange County Business Journal publishes special reports and advertising supplements. The special reports and supplements are all located within the pages of the paper; the Orange County Business Journal is owned by CBJ, L. P. which owns the Los Angeles Business Journal, San Diego Business Journal, the San Fernando Business Journal. In 1978, Marsha Feldman started the paper as the Business Community Journal. In 1980, she changed the name to the Orange County Business Journal; the paper was bought over by its current owner: CBJ, L. P. Publisher Richard Reisman and Editor Rick Reiff, now the paper’s executive editor and a Pulitzer Prize recipient, joined soon after, leading a period of rapid growth for the paper. In 2000, Michael Lyster, the paper’s former technology reporter, returned from Investor Business Daily to become the editor of the Orange County Business Journal. Jerry Sullivan replaced Lyster until spring 2017, when he was replaced by Pete Weitzner, who ran the broadcast-journalism program at Chapman University since 1997.
Weitzner was the 2012 Sky Dunlop winner, an honor given by the Orange County Press Club for lifetime service to journalism and the community. Hannah Mitchell is the Orange County Business Journal's managing editor. Chapman University Center for Economic Research, Chapman University, 2006 Chapman University Economic Forecast/College of Business and Economics Cal State Fullerton EDD Labor Market Division, California Department of Finance, US Bureau of the Census US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics Wills, Kendall J.. The Pulitzer Prizes, 1987. Touchstone/Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-65956-1. Orange County Business Journal
Michael Richard Pence is an American politician and lawyer serving as the 48th and current vice president of the United States. He was the 50th governor of Indiana from 2013 to 2017 and a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013, he is the younger brother of U. S. Representative Greg Pence. Born and raised in Columbus, Pence graduated from Hanover College and earned a law degree from the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law before entering private practice. After losing two bids for a U. S. congressional seat in 1988 and 1990, he became a conservative radio and television talk show host from 1994 to 1999. Pence was elected to the United States Congress in 2000 and represented Indiana's 2nd congressional district and Indiana's 6th congressional district in the House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013, he served as the chairman of the House Republican Conference from 2009 to 2011. Pence described himself as a "principled conservative" and supporter of the Tea Party movement, stating that he was "a Christian, a conservative, a Republican, in that order."Upon becoming governor of Indiana in January 2013, Pence initiated the largest tax cut in Indiana's history and pushed for more funding for education initiatives.
Pence signed bills intended to restrict abortions, including one that prohibited abortions if the reason for the procedure was the fetus's race, gender, or disability. After Pence signed the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, he encountered fierce resistance from moderate members of his party, the business community, LGBT advocates; the backlash against the RFRA led Pence to amend the bill to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, other criteria. Pence was inaugurated as Vice President of the United States on January 20, 2017, he had withdrawn his gubernatorial reelection campaign in July to become the running mate of Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump, who went on to win the presidential election on November 8, 2016. Michael Richard Pence was born June 7, 1959, in Columbus, one of six children of Nancy Jane and Edward Joseph Pence Jr. who ran a group of gas stations. His father served in the U. S. Army during the Korean War and received the Bronze Star in 1953, which Pence displays in his office along with its commendation letter and a reception photograph.
His family were Irish Catholic Democrats. Pence was named after his grandfather, Richard Michael Cawley, who emigrated from County Sligo, Ireland, to the United States through Ellis Island, following an aunt and his brother James, became a bus driver in Chicago, Illinois, his maternal grandmother's parents were from County Clare. Pence graduated from Columbus North High School in 1977, he earned a BA degree in history from Hanover College in 1981, a JD degree from the Indiana University's Robert H. McKinney School of Law in Indianapolis in 1986. While at Hanover, Pence joined the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, where he became the chapter president. Actor Woody Harrelson has said. After graduating from Hanover, Pence was an admissions counselor at the college from 1981 to 1983. In his childhood and early adulthood, Pence was a Democrat, he volunteered for the Bartholomew County Democratic Party in 1976 and voted for Jimmy Carter in the 1980 presidential election, has stated that he was inspired to get involved in politics by people such as John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr.
While in college, Pence became an evangelical, born-again Christian, to the great disappointment of his mother. His political views started shifting to the right during this time in his life, something which Pence attributes to the "common-sense conservatism of Ronald Reagan" that he began to identify with. After graduating from law school in 1986, Pence was an attorney in private practice, he ran unsuccessfully for a congressional seat in 1988 and in 1990. In 1991, he became the president of the Indiana Policy Review Foundation, a self-described free-market think tank and a member of the State Policy Network, a position he held until 1993. Shortly after his first congressional campaign in 1988, radio station WRCR-FM in Rushville, hired Pence to host a weekly half-hour radio show, Washington Update with Mike Pence. In 1992, Pence began hosting a daily talk show on WRCR, The Mike Pence Show, in addition to a Saturday show on WNDE in Indianapolis. Pence called himself "Rush Limbaugh on decaf" since he considered himself politically conservative while not as outspoken as Limbaugh.
Beginning on April 11, 1994, Network Indiana syndicated The Mike Pence Show statewide. With a 9 a.m. to noon time slot, the program reached as many as 18 radio stations in Indiana, including WIBC in Indianapolis. Pence ended his radio show in September 1999 to focus on his 2000 campaign for Congress, which he won. From 1995 to 1999, Pence hosted a weekend public affairs TV show titled The Mike Pence Show on Indianapolis TV station WNDY. In 1988, Pence lost, he ran against Sharp again in 1990, quitting his job in order to work full-time in the campaign, but once again was unsuccessful. During the race, Pence used "political donations to pay the mortgage on his house, his personal credit card bill, golf tournament fees and car payments for his wife." While the spending was not illegal at the time, it undermined his campaign. During the 1990 campaign, Pence ran a television advertisement in which an actor, dressed in a robe and headdress and speaking in a thick Middle Eastern accent, thanked his opponent, for doing nothing to wean the United States off imported oil as chairman of a House subcommitt
2020 United States presidential election
The 2020 United States presidential election, scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020, will be the 59th quadrennial U. S. presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn on December 14, 2020, will either elect a new president and vice president or re-elect the incumbents; the series of presidential primary elections and caucuses are to be held during the first six months of 2020. This nominating process is an indirect election, where voters cast ballots selecting a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who in turn elect their party's presidential nominee. President Donald Trump of the Republican Party, elected in 2016, is seeking reelection to a second term; the winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2021. Article Two of the United States Constitution states that for a person to serve as President of the United States the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old and a United States resident for at least 14 years.
Candidates for the presidency seek the nomination of one of the various political parties of the United States, in which case each party develops a method to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. The primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate; the party's delegates officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The nominee chooses a vice presidential running mate to form that party's presidential ticket, ratified by the delegates; the general election in November is an indirect election, in which voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College. In August 2018, the Democratic National Committee voted to disallow superdelegates from voting on the first ballot of the nominating process, beginning with the 2020 election; this would require a candidate to win a majority of pledged delegates from the assorted primary elections in order to win the party's nomination.
The last time this did not occur was the nomination of Adlai Stevenson II at the 1952 Democratic National Convention. The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution states that an individual can not be elected to the presidency more than twice; this prohibits former Presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, Barack Obama from being elected president again. Former president Jimmy Carter, having served a single term as president, is not constitutionally prohibited from being elected to another term in the 2020 election; the age group of what will be people in the 18- to 45-year-old bracket is expected to represent just under 40 percent of the United States' eligible voters in 2020. It is expected. A bipartisan report indicates that changes in voter demographics since the 2016 election could impact the results of the 2020 election. African Americans, Hispanics and other ethnic minorities, as well as "whites with a college degree", are expected to all increase their percentage of national eligible voters by 2020, while "whites without a college degree" will decrease.
This shift is an advantage for the Democratic nominee. Additionally, Washington, D. C. may lower its voting age from 18 to 16. Legislation was introduced by City Councilman Charles Allen in April 2018, with a public hearing in June, a vote by the end of the year. Unlike other cities with a voting age of 16 such as Berkeley, this would allow 16- and 17-year-olds to vote for President of the United States for the first time in 2020. Allen said that he was inspired by the high school students that participated in the March for Our Lives, which occurred at the capital in March; the presidential election will occur with elections to the Senate and the House of Representatives. Several states will hold state gubernatorial and state legislative elections. Following the election, the United States House will redistribute the seats among the 50 states based on the results of the 2020 United States Census, the states will conduct a redistricting of Congressional and state legislative districts. In most states, the governor and the state legislature conduct the redistricting, a party that wins a presidential election experiences a coattail effect that helps other candidates of that party win elections.
Therefore, the party that wins the 2020 presidential election could win a significant advantage in the drawing of new Congressional and state legislative districts that would stay in effect until the 2032 elections. Donald Trump has signaled his intention to do so, his reelection campaign has been ongoing since his victory in 2016, leading pundits to describe his tactic of holding rallies continuously throughout his presidency as a "never-ending campaign". On January 20, 2017, at 5:11 p.m. he submitted a letter as a substitute of FEC Form 2, by which he re